Harlingen, Texas

Harlingen (/ˈhɑːrlɪndʒɪn/ HAR-lin-jin)[3] is a city in Cameron County in the central region of the Rio Grande Valley of the southern part of the U.S. state of Texas, about 30 miles (48 km) from the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. The city covers more than 40 square miles (104 km2) and is the second-largest city in Cameron County, as well as the fourth-largest in the Rio Grande Valley. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 64,849,[4] for a growth rate of 12.5% since the 2000 census.[5][6]

Harlingen is a principal city of the Brownsville–Harlingen metropolitan area, which is part of the larger Brownsville-Harlingen-Raymondville combined statistical area, included in the Matamoros–Brownsville metropolitan area.

Harlingen, Texas
City of Harlingen
The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley School of Medicine
The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley School of Medicine
Flag of Harlingen, Texas

Coat of arms of Harlingen, Texas

Coat of arms
Official logo of Harlingen, Texas

Police patch
"Capital City of the Valley", "H-Town"
"The Capital of the Rio Grande Valley"
Location in the U.S. state of Texas
Location in the U.S. state of Texas
Coordinates: 26°12′N 97°42′W / 26.200°N 97.700°WCoordinates: 26°12′N 97°42′W / 26.200°N 97.700°W
CountryUnited States
Named forHarlingen, Friesland
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • MayorChristopher Boswell
 • City ManagerDan Serna
 • City40.3 sq mi (104.4 km2)
 • Land39.8 sq mi (103.1 km2)
 • Water0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2)
39 ft (12 m)
 • City64,849
 • Density1,629/sq mi (629.0/km2)
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
Area code(s)956
FIPS code48-32372[1]
GNIS feature ID1337354[2]


A drawing of Lon Hill in 1912
Jackson Street, Harlingen, Texas, 1957
Harlingen's Jackson Street in the late 1950s

Harlingen's strategic location at the intersection of U.S. Route 77 and U.S. Route 83, co-designated as Interstate 69 East and Interstate 2, respectively, in northwestern Cameron County, fostered its development as a distribution, shipping, and industrial center. In 1904, Lon C. Hill (a man of Choctaw ancestry[7]) envisioned the Arroyo Colorado as a commercial waterway. He named the town he founded on the north bank after the Frisian city of Harlingen, in the Netherlands. The town's post office was established that year. The first school opened with 15 pupils in 1905 near the Hill home, the first residence built in Harlingen. Harlingen incorporated on April 15, 1910, when the population totaled 1,126. In 1920, the census listed 1,748. The local economy at first was almost entirely agricultural. Major crops were vegetables and cotton.

World War II military installations in Harlingen caused a jump in population from 23,000 in 1950 to 41,000 by 1960. Harlingen Army Air Field preceded Harlingen Air Force Base, which closed in 1962. The city's population fell to 33,603 by 1972, then climbed to 40,824 by 1980. Local enterprise, focused on the purchase and use of the abandoned base and related housing, laid the groundwork for continuing progress through a diversified economy. The estimated population in July 1985 was 49,000, of which about 80% was Hispanic. In the late 1980s, income from tourism ranked second only to citrus fruit production, with grain and cotton next in order. The addition of wholesale and retail trade, light and medium manufacturing, and an array of service industries has broadened the economic base. Large-scale construction for multifaceted retirement communities is a new phase of industrial development.

The City of Harlingen operates a busy industrial airpark where bombers used to land. At Valley International Airport, the Confederate Air Force (now Commemorative Air Force) occupied hangar and apron space until 1991. The first hospital in Harlingen opened in 1923, and consisted of little more than two barracks as wings. The Valley Baptist Hospital was built nearby a few years later, and eventually the older hospital closed. The Valley Baptist Hospital has grown into the Valley Baptist Medical Center. The city's outstanding network of health-care specialists and facilities parallels the growth of the still-expanding center. Also serving regional health needs are the South Texas State Chest Hospital, the State Hospital for Children, and the Rio Grande State Mental Health and Mental Retardation Center.

Besides public and church-affiliated schools, Harlingen students attend the University Preparatory School, the Marine Military Academy, Texas State Technical College, or Rio Grande Vocational and Rehabilitation classes. Civic and cultural development in Harlingen has kept pace with the growth of the community. Fraternal orders and civic organizations operating in the community include Rotary, Kiwanis, Lions, Optimist, 20-30, VFW, American Legion, and the Lower Valley Cotillion Club; a woman's building is maintained as a center for the activities of the many woman's clubs active in the city. Development and appreciation of the fine arts are encouraged by organizations such as the Rio Grande Valley Art League, the Art Forum, and the Rio Grande Valley Civic Association, which stages its winter concert series at the 2,300-seat Harlingen Municipal Auditorium. Each March, Harlingen is the site of the Rio Grande Valley International Music Festival. The city has two newspapers—the Harlingen Press, a weekly paper established in 1951, and the Valley Morning Star, a daily established in 1911. In 1990, the population was 48,735. In 1992, the city was named an All-America City, cited especially for its volunteer spirit and self-help programs. In 2000, the community had 57,564 inhabitants and 2,549 businesses.

The Tejano music singer Selena (1971–1995) also performed here with her band Selena and the Dinos.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 40.3 square miles (104.4 km2), of which 39.8 square miles (103.1 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2), or 1.22%, is covered by water.[4]

Soils in Harlingen range in texture from fine sandy loam to clay. They are neutral to moderately alkaline with pH of 7.2 to 8.5 (most commonly around 8.2), and are moderately well drained or well drained in most cases, with small areas of poorly drained, saline clays.[8]



Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 201865,436[10]0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

As of the census[1] of 2000, 57,564 people, 19,021 households, and 14,360 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,689.6 people per square mile (652.4/km²). The 23,008 housing units averaged 675.3/mi2 (260.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 78.68% White, 0.92% Black, 0.52% Native American, 0.88% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 16.39% from other races, and 2.58% from two or more races. About 72.76% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race; most are of Mexican descent due to the proximity of the international border.

As in other cities in the Lower Rio Grande Valley, a significant part of Harlingen's transient population and a significant contributor to its economy consists of "Winter Texans", generally retirees from the northern Midwestern states and Canada, who come to escape the northern winter weather between roughly November and April.

Of the 19,021 households, 38.6% had children under the age of 18, 55.6% were married couples living together, 16.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.5% were not families; 20.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.3% had someone living alone 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94, and the average family size was 3.44.

In the city, the population was distributed as 30.7% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,296, and for a family was $34,015. Males had a median income of $27,014 versus $21,795 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,886. About 19.3% of families and 24.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.7% of those under age 18 and 16.2% of those age 65 or over.


City government

Harlingen is governed by a mayor elected at-large and a five-member city commission representing five individual single-member districts. All seats are eligible for election every three years. The current mayor is Chris Boswell, who has held the position since 2007. The city commissioners are District 1 Richard Uribe, District 2 Tudor Ulhorn, District 3 Mike Mezmar, District 4 Ruben De La Rosa, and District 5 Victor Leal.[12]

City commission

The commission meets on the first and third Wednesdays of each month at 5:30 pm at City Hall.[12]

Police department

The Harlingen Police Department, led by Chief of Police Jeffry Adickes, embraces the community policing philosophy. In 2011, the department boasted a 9% reduction in uniform part-one crimes (P1C). In 2012, the department brought a 20% reduction in P1C. Another 20% reduction in P1Cs occurred in 2013, and within the first three months of 2014, the department was already reporting a 24% reduction in P1Cs. The department attributes these successes to its DDACTS implementation and the cooperation of the citizens of Harlingen. The Harlingen Police Department is a civil-service department with 134 police officers. The main objective of these men and women is defined by the department's mission statement: ‘…to provide services with integrity and dedication, to preserve life, to enforce the law, and to work in partnership with the community to enhance the quality of life in the City of Harlingen. The department mission is in support of its departmental vision, which is simply: ‘To ensure a safe and proud Community where people live, work, and visit; free from the fear of crime’. The police force consists of one chief, one assistant chief, three deputy chiefs, five commanders, 12 sergeants, and 111 sworn police officers. The personnel are assigned to various divisions for duties, and through teamwork, cover more than 40.31 square miles of city limits, incorporating more than 308 miles of paved roadways using 98 police vehicles (marked and unmarked) and serving and protecting a residential population of over 65,000 citizens.

State government

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice operates the Harlingen Parole Office in Harlingen.[13]

Federal representation

The United States Postal Service operates two post offices in Harlingen, including the Harlingen Post Office and the Downtown Harlingen post office.[14][15]

U.S. Justice Department

Harlingen is home to the U.S. Immigration Court, one of 52 such courts in the U.S. that adjudicate immigration cases in the United States. The chief function of the Immigration Court is to conduct removal proceedings, which are administrative proceedings to determine the removability of noncitizens present within the United States.

U.S. Homeland Security Agencies

The United States Border Patrol Harlingen Station is located at 3902 S. Expressway 77 Harlingen, Texas.

Military installations

The Harlingen Armed Forces Reserve Center (AFRC) is located at 1300 W Teege Ave, Harlingen, Texas. This facility hosts Reserve components of the United States Armed Forces units from the United States Army Reserve 319th Combat Sustainment Support Battalion, 4th Team, 1st Judge Advocate General Detachment, 5th Team, 1st Judge Advocate General Detachment, and 812th Quartermaster Company (Supply). The United States Navy Reserve Navy Operations Support Center Harlingen (NOSC Harlingen) and the United States Marine Corps Reserve 1st Battalion 23rd Marines Charlie Company(Det). This facility is mostly used for monthly drills. A Military Retiree Activities Office and an ID Card office are also at the Harlingen AFRC.


TSTC, Harlingen entrance
The entrance to the Harlingen branch of the Texas State Technical College in 2008

Primary and secondary education

The city is covered by the Harlingen Consolidated Independent School District and South Texas Independent School District. Harlingen is home to four high schools - Early College High School, Harlingen High School, Harlingen High School South, and Harlingen School of Health Professions. The Saint Anthony Catholic School[16] is a parochial school for grades K–8 (with a Montessori program for 3- and 4-year-olds). It is one of the few Catholic schools in the city of Harlingen and has an enrollment of approximately 220 students.

The Marine Military Academy is a private, all-male, college preparatory school located in Harlingen.

Universities and colleges

In 1967, a branch of Texas State Technical College was established in Harlingen. The two-year technical state college currently offers more than 30 programs to over 5,000 students.[17]

In 2002, the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio opened the Regional Academic Health Center (RAHC) Medical Education Division in Harlingen. In 2012, the UT System Board of Regents approved the merger of the University of Texas at Brownsville and the University of Texas-Pan American to form the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley (UTRGV) and the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley School of Medicine, the latter using resources from the RAHC.

The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley School of Medicine welcomed its first students in the summer of 2016.[18] UTRGV's psychiatry program and Institute for Neurosciences are based in Harlingen.[19][20]

Southern Careers Institute has a campus located in Harlingen, too.

Sports and recreation

Harlingen was the home of the Rio Grande Valley WhiteWings, a United Baseball League minor league team. The team existed from 1994 to 2003 and from 2006 to 2015. In 2000, the WhiteWings won the Texas-Louisiana League championship.

Valley Race Park is a racetrack for Greyhound dogs. It was the first Greyhound track in Texas to accept parimutuel wagering. The facility is fully air-conditioned and the grandstands totals over 80,000 square feet (7,400 m2). The grandstand has over 400 monitors to pick up the 50-plus Simulcast Live Racing signals from the top Greyhound and horse tracks from all around the United States. Valley Race Park shut down in the fall of 1995, but reopened five years later, in the spring of 2000.

The World Birding Center has a location in Harlingen's Hugh Ramsey Nature Park. Work continues on designs for a new 7,250-square-foot (674 m2) visitors’ center at Hugh Ramsey Nature Park. The two-story center will include a gift shop, observation tower, meeting rooms, and enclosed viewing areas. Also, visitors at both Ramsey Park and the Thicket will find parking and extensive trails, as well as maps, information, and public restrooms.

The Rio Grande Valley Birding Festival occurs each November in Harlingen, attracting up to 3,000 participants per year. In 2018, the multi-day festival celebrated its 25th year, drawing 600 participants in guided birding tours, 80 to 90 paid guides, and 100 volunteers.[21]


Harlingen Medical Center (HMC)[22] is a nationally recognized general acute-care hospital. HMC medical services include: bariatric, cardiac surgery, cardiology, emergency, gastroenterology, imaging services, internal medicine, neurology, obstetrics and gynecology, orthopedics, orthopedic surgery, pediatrics, sleep apnea treatment, vascular and endovascular surgery, and wound-healing care. The facility opened in October 2002 and has 112 beds.

Valley Baptist Medical Center[23] (VBMC), with 586 beds, is the Rio Grande Valley's only Level II Trauma Center. With a 38-room emergency department and a heliport, Valley Baptist serves as the lead trauma center in the region, and is the only hospital in the area offering comprehensive stroke services, including advanced endovascular neurology procedures.[24] Valley Baptist has the only newborn intensive-care unit in Harlingen, the only pediatric intensive-care unit in Cameron County, private labor/delivery/recovery suites, a family-centered maternity-care unit, women's surgery suites, day surgery, and outpatient services. In addition, Valley Baptist has a diabetes-education program, and a wound-care center and foot-care institute, and a surgical and medical weight-loss program.

Harlingen's third hospital, Solara Hospital, is a long-term acute-care facility where patients can receive treatment for as long as a month, compared to general hospitals where patients are treated for shorter periods. The 41–bed hospital is owned by Solara Healthcare of Dallas, Valley Baptist Health System, and local physicians.

Valley Diagnostic Clinic[25] was a large outpatient facility with both primary-care physicians and specialists in fields such as cardiology, gastroenterology, neurology, etc. After 55 years of operation, it closed in October 2009.

The Regional Academic Health Center[26] is a teaching hospital that serves as an extension campus of the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.

Su Clinica Familiar[27] offers services tailored to the border region, concentrating in the areas of dentistry, internal medicine, women's health, and pediatrics. Services are mostly tailored for the poor. It has a teaching partnership with the nearby Regional Academic Health Center.

The United States Department of Veterans Affairs VA Health Care Center in Harlingen is the main Veterans Administration medical facility under the VA Texas Valley Coastal Bend Health Care System for veterans in the Rio Grande Valley area. Some of the specialties are ambulatory surgery, cardiology, dental clinic, otolaryngology, eye clinic, gastroenterology, laboratory, behavioral health, dermatology, orthopedics, physical medicine and rehabilitation, podiatry, prosthetics/amputee clinic, pulmonary, rheumatology, Urology, infectious disease, general surgery, and home health. The VA also offers laboratory, mental health, nutrition, optometry, social work and other primary care services.[28][29] Veterans organizations and elected officials are still lobbying for a full VA medical center in Harlingen to serve veterans in the Rio Grande Valley area.

The Harlingen Ambulatory Surgery and Specialty Outpatient Center opened in January 2011 and provides care to veterans.[30] Orthopedics, urology, gastroenterology, otolaryngology, infectious disease, dermatology, cardiology, oncology, neurology, rheumatology, amputee/prosthetics, and endoscopy services are offered.[31]

The Rio Grande State Center is a public provider in the Rio Grande Valley of healthcare, inpatient adult mental health services,[32] and long-term services for individuals with intellectual disabilities. The center's psychiatric hospital is a 55-bed, in-patient facility and the long-term program is a 75-bed, residential facility. The outpatient medical clinic provides out-patient services which including primary care, women’s health, diagnostic services, psychiatric consults and prescription assistance.[32]

A Ronald McDonald House opened in 1998. It offers a place to stay for families of children being treated for serious illness or injury. It is funded by private donations, grants, and fundraising events.

Palms Behavioral Health, a 94-bed mental and behavioral health center, opened in Harlingen in 2016.



Valley International Airport entrance

The city's airport, Valley International Airport, has a service area that encompasses the lower Rio Grande Valley and northern Mexico, serving more than two million people on both sides of the US-Mexico border. Valley International Airport lies in the northeastern portion of Harlingen and offers a border-crossing option via the Free Trade Bridge at Los Indios. The airport has aligned itself as the air cargo hub of the Rio Grande Valley and works closely with carriers such as DHL, FedEx, BAX Global, Continental Express Cargo, and Southwest Airlines Cargo. In 1975, Southwest Airlines began to fly to the Rio Grande Valley via Valley International Airport with four roundtrips each business day. Southwest currently offers nonstop flights between Harlingen and Austin and Houston Hobby. Additional airlines that serve the airport include United Express to Houston Intercontinental, American Airlines with daily nonstop service to Dallas DFW, Frontier Airlines with weekly nonstop service to Chicago and Denver, and Delta Air Lines and Sun Country Airlines with seasonal, nonstop service to Minneapolis-St. Paul.


The city of Harlingen is at the junction of U.S. Route 77 and U.S. Route 83, designated as Interstate 69E and Interstate 2, respectively. Interstate 69E runs through north-south through Harlingen, while the city serves as the eastern terminus of Interstate 2. U.S. Route 77 connects the Rio Grande Valley to Interstate 37 at Corpus Christi. U.S. Route 83 connects the Rio Grande Valley with Interstate 35 at Laredo.

International trade bridges

The Free Trade Bridge at Los Indios is a state-of-the-art international bridge located just 10 miles (16 km) south of Harlingen. With a full U.S. Customs inspection facility that accommodates up to 75 trucks simultaneously, the Free Trade Bridge is acclaimed as the most time-efficient border crossing in the valley. The bridge accesses a four-lane highway in northern Mexico, offering a fast route to the border cities of Matamoros and Reynosa, as well as the industrial city of Monterrey. With the completion of Mexico's State of Tamaulipas new 'autopista', the Free Trade Bridge will provide a seamless highway connection for more efficient distribution of industrial products to and from interior Mexico.


The Port of Harlingen is located 4 mi (6.4 km) east of Harlingen on Highway 106. It is 25 mi (40 km) west of mile marker 646 on the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway, which stretches from the Mexican border at Brownsville, along the entire coast of the Gulf of Mexico to St. Marks, Florida. The Gulf Intracoastal Waterway provides over 1,300 miles (2,100 km) of protected waterway, 12 ft (3.7 m) deep and 125 ft (38 m) wide. The Harlingen Channel is maintained to a width of 125 feet (38 m) and a depth of 12 ft (3.7 m) and is supplied by the Arroyo Colorado, a freshwater river.


Union Pacific Railroad has a local terminal and switching yard in Harlingen. The Harlingen Industrial Parks and Port of Harlingen have direct rail access. Harlingen has a rich history as a railroad town. The Southern Pacific depot has been razed, but it was one of four SP depots in the Rio Grande Valley (the others are Brownsville, now a museum; McAllen, now a law office; and Edinburg, now the home of the Chamber of Commerce).

Harlingen was served by the Missouri Pacific Railroad night train on a Houston, Texas-Brownsville, Texas route, the Pioneer (#315/316) until 1964 and day train on that route, the Valley Eagle (#321/322) until 1962.[33]

Culture and points of interest

The Harlingen Public Library serves local residents.

  • Harlingen Arts and Heritage Museum
  • Harlingen Performing Arts Theater
  • Iwo Jima Memorial & Museum
  • Hugh Ramsey Nature Park

Media and journalism



  • XHRIO-TV (Channel 2, Matamoros, Tamaulipas (Mexico), licensee: Univision, Fox affiliate)
  • KGBT-TV (Channel 4, Harlingen, Texas, licensee: Barrington Broadcasting, CBS affiliate)
  • KRGV-TV (Channel 5, Weslaco, Texas, licensee: Mobile Video Tapes, Inc., ABC affiliate)
  • XHAB-TV (Channel 7 Televisa/Matamoros Mexico, McAllen, Harlingen-Brownsville)
  • XERV-TV (Channel 9 Televisa/Matamoros Mexico, McAllen, Harlingen-Brownsville)
  • XHREY-TV (Channel 12 TV AZTECA NORESTE/Reynosa Mexico, Rio Grande City-McAllen-Weslaco)
  • XHOR-TV (Channel 14 TV AZTECA NORESTE/Reynosa Mexico, Rio Grande City-McAllen-Weslaco)
  • KHGN-TV (Cable Channel 17, Harlingen, Texas, operator: Harlingen Consolidated Independent School District, Public Relations Office.)
  • KVEO (Channel 23, Brownsville, Texas, licensee: Comcorp of Texas License Corp., NBC affiliate)
  • KTLM (Channel 40, Rio Grande City, Texas, licensee: Sunbelt Media Co., Telemundo affiliate)
  • KNVO (Channel 48, McAllen, Texas, licensee: Entravision Holdings, LLC., Univision affiliate)
  • XHVTV (Channel 54 Multimedios TV/Reynosa/Matamoros Mexico, McAllen-Weslaco/ Harlingen-Brownsville)
  • KMBH (Channel 60, Harlingen, Texas, licensee: RGV Educational Broadcasting, Inc. PBS)


  • KHID 88.1 FM PBS/NPR
  • KBNR 88.3 FM Radio Manantial (Spanish Christian)
  • KOIR Radio Esperanza 88.5 (Spanish Christian)
  • KJJF 88.9 FM PBS/NPR
  • XMLS 91.3 FM (Top-40)
  • KTER 90.7 FM (Religious)
  • KCAS The New 91.5 / "Know Christ As Savior" (English Traditional Christian ad Southern Gospel)
  • KESO 92.7 FM (Spanish)
  • KFRQ Q94.5 (Classic/Modern/Hard Rock)
  • KBTQ Recuerdo 96.1 FM (Mexican Oldies)
  • KVMV Family Friendly & Commercial Free 96.9 FM (Adult Contemporary Christian)
  • KGBT-FM Solamente Exitos 98.5 FM (Mexican Norteña)
  • KKPS La Nueva 99.5 FM (Puro Trancazos)
  • KTEX South Texas Country 100.3 FM (Country)
  • KNVO-FM Jose 101.1 FM (Spanish Hits)
  • KBUC 102.1 FM Super Tejano (Tejano)
  • KBFM Wild 104.1 FM (Hip-Hop/R&B)
  • KRIO-FM 104.9 "Jack" FM (Adult Hits)
  • KQXX 105.5 FM "The X" (Classic Rock)
  • XHNA 105.9 FM (Spanish)
  • KBIC 105.7 FM (Spanish)
  • KHKZ Kiss 106.3 FM (Hot AC)
  • KVLY Mix 107.9 FM (Top 40)
  • KURV 710 AM Talk
  • KVJY 840 AM Spanish Pop
  • KRIO 910 AM Spanish
  • KUBR 1210 AM Spanish
  • KSOX 1240 AM Spanish
  • KRGE 1290 AM Spanish
  • XRDO 1450 AM Spanish Talk
  • XEMS 1490 AM Spanish
  • KGBT 1530 AM Spanish
  • KIRT 1580 AM Spanish
  • KVNS 1700 AM Fox Sports

Notable people

These people were born in or lived in Harlingen:


  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ Often misspelled as "Harlington" and mispronounced as /ˈhɑːrlɪŋtən/ HAR-ling-tən
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Harlingen city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved July 8, 2015.
  5. ^ "10 cheapest places to live in the U.S." CBS News. CBS Interactive Inc. Retrieved 12 January 2013.
  6. ^ "Harlingen Cost of Living". YouTube. 24 February 2015.
  7. ^ "Lo, the poor Indian! He's only worth $6,000,000! (1912 News article)". The Day Book. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
  8. ^ Web soil survey
  9. ^ "National Weather Service Forecast Office: Brownsville, TX". Archived from the original on 27 May 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2012.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ a b City of Harlingen[1], January 2013.
  13. ^ "Parole Division Region IV Archived 2011-09-04 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 21, 2010.
  14. ^ "Post Office Location Downtown Harlingen Archived 2012-06-06 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
  15. ^ "Post Office Location - Harlingen Archived 2012-06-06 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
  16. ^ "St. Anthony Catholic School in Harlingen, TX". saintanthonyeagles.com. St. Anthony Catholic School.
  17. ^ "Campuses - Texas State Technical College in Harlingen". tstc.edu. Texas State Technical College. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  18. ^ "UTRGV - Our Story". utrgv.edu. University of Texas Rio Grande Valley. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  19. ^ Perez-Hernandez, Danya (May 13, 2016). "UTRGV School of Medicine accredited for its first psychiatry program". valleymorningstar.com. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  20. ^ "Investment dollars flow to city's medical district". valleymorningstar.com. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  21. ^ "Birding Festival celebrating 25th anniversary". Valley Morning Star. Retrieved 2019-02-20.
  22. ^ "Harlingen Medical Center - Home Page Harlingen, TX". Harlingenmedicalcenter.com.
  23. ^ "Valley Baptist Medical Center in Harlingen & Brownsville". Valleybaptist.net.
  24. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-11-20. Retrieved 2009-04-15.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  25. ^ "HugeDomains.com - VDcpa.com is for sale (V Dcpa)". Vdcpa.com.
  26. ^ "UTRGV - School of Medicine". rahc.uthscsa.edu.
  27. ^ "Su Clinica". Suclinica.org. Archived from the original on 2014-07-13.
  28. ^ "South Texas VA Health Care Center at Harlingen". VA.gov. US Dept. of Veterans Affairs. Archived from the original on 2010-11-12. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  29. ^ "Health Care". harlingenedc.com. Harlingen Economic Development Corporation. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  30. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-10-08. Retrieved 2010-10-18.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  31. ^ Vega, Melissa (1 October 2010). "New Veteran's Health Care Facility will open in Harlingen". KGBT.
  32. ^ a b hhs.texas.gov. Texas Health and Human Services https://hhs.texas.gov/services/mental-health-substance-use/state-hospitals/rio-grande-state-center. Retrieved May 7, 2019. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  33. ^ December 1960 Missouri Pacific Railroad, Tables T, 15
  34. ^ "Pioneer Haley almost forgotten in Harlingen". The Monitor. Retrieved 2016-03-06.
  35. ^ "Interview with Blanca Vela". University of Texas at Arlington Center for Mexican American Studies. 1999-11-24. Retrieved 2014-03-13.

External links

Beth Nielsen Chapman

Beth Nielsen Chapman (born September 14, 1958 in Harlingen, Texas) is an American singer and songwriter who has written hits for country and pop music performers.

Bobby Morrow

Bobby Joe Morrow (born October 15, 1935) is a retired American sprinter who won three gold medals at the 1956 Olympics. He has been called "the dominant sprinter of the 1950s" and "the most relaxed sprinter of all time, even more so than his hero Jesse Owens".

Brownsville–Harlingen metropolitan area

The Brownsville–Harlingen Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of one county–Cameron–in the Rio Grande Valley region of South Texas, anchored by the cities of Brownsville and Harlingen. The 2012 U.S. Census Bureau estimate places its metropolitan area population at 415,557, ranking as the eighth most populous metropolitan area in the state of Texas. It is also a component of the Brownsville–Harlingen–Raymondville combined statistical area, which covers two counties (Cameron and Willacy) and had an estimated population of 416,766 as of July 1, 2009.Brownsville is frequently cited as having one of the highest poverty rates in the United States, with more than 35% of area residents living under the federal poverty line. The typical Brownsville-Harlingen, Texas household earns $32,093 a year, or $21,564 less than the typical American household. 64.6% of Brownsville area adults have at least a high school diploma, 22.3 percentage points fewer than the national average. About 29% of area households rely on food stamps, the third highest percentage of any metro area in the country.

Dylan Gandy

Dylan Colter Gandy (born March 8, 1982) is an American football center who is currently a free agent. He was drafted by the Indianapolis Colts in the fourth round of the 2005 NFL Draft. He played college football at Texas Tech.

Gandy earned a Super Bowl ring with the Colts in Super Bowl XLI against the Chicago Bears. He has also played for the Denver Broncos, Oakland Raiders, Detroit Lions and the Bears.

Fernando Rodriguez Jr.

Fernando Rodriguez Jr. (born 1969) is a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas.

Harlingen Consolidated Independent School District

Harlingen Consolidated Independent School District is a school district headquartered in Harlingen, Texas (USA).

HCISD serves most of the city of Harlingen, the city of Palm Valley, the towns of Combes and Primera, and portions of unincorporated Cameron County, including Juarez, Las Palmas, and Lasana.

HCISD has its own TV station locally broadcast in Harlingen on cable provided by Time Warner Cable of the Rio Grande Valley. KHGN-TV is used to inform parents and students of updates involving Harlingen and its schools. Also aired on KHGN is Harlingen High School's Cardinal News and Nonsense and Harlingen High School South's Southern Scoop.

The HCISD district office and KHGN-TV Channel 17 TV station are located at 407 N. 77 Sunshine Strip in Harlingen, Texas (78550).

In 2009, the school district was rated "academically acceptable" by the Texas Education Agency.In 2018, Dishman Elementary was named a Blue Ribbon School by U.S. Department of Education.

Harlingen High School

Harlingen High School is a public high school located in Harlingen, Texas (USA). It is part of the Harlingen Consolidated Independent School District and was the first of five HCISD high schools established. HHS was the sole high school from its establishment in 1913 to 1993 when the school split and Harlingen High School South was formed. In 2015, the school was rated "Improvement Required" by the Texas Education Agency.

Harlingen High School South

Harlingen High School South, abbreviated as HHSS, is public high school located in Harlingen, Texas (USA). It is part of the Harlingen Consolidated Independent School District. It is one of five public high schools in Harlingen. Harlingen High School was the sole high school until 1993 when the Alamo Ninth Grade Academy officially changed to a high school. In 2015, the school was rated "Improvement Required" by the Texas Education Agency.


KBTQ (96.1 FM) is a radio station broadcasting a Spanish Adult Hits format. Licensed to Harlingen, Texas, United States, the station serves the McAllen area. The station is currently owned by Tichenor License Corporation.


KFRQ (94.5 FM) is a radio station broadcasting an active rock format. Licensed to Harlingen, Texas, United States, the station serves the Rio Grande Valley area. The station is currently owned by Entravision. It shares a studio with its sister stations in McAllen, Texas, while its transmitter is located in La Feria, Texas.


KGBT-TV, virtual channel 4 (UHF digital channel 31), is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Harlingen, Texas, United States and serving the Rio Grande Valley metropolitan area. The station is owned by the Sinclair Broadcast Group. KGBT's studios are located on West Expressway (I-2/US 83) in Harlingen, and its transmitter is located in La Feria in Cameron County. On cable, the station can be seen on Charter Spectrum channel 4. KGBT is also available on channel 4 on DirecTV and Dish Network.


KJJF (88.9 MHz) is a non-commercial FM radio station in Harlingen, Texas. KHID (88.1 MHz) is also a non-commercial FM radio station in McAllen, Texas. Both stations are owned by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Brownsville and serve the Rio Grande Valley.

KJJF's transmitter is located on Fresnal Road in San Benito. KHID's transmitter is off West Monte Cristo Road in La Homa.The two stations simulcast a mix of NPR news and talk programs, with some hours of classical music and jazz. Both stations are being bought by Immaculate Heart Media, Inc. for $1.25 million. The Catholic radio network "Relevant Radio" is expected to air on both stations when the purchase is finalized.


KLUJ-TV is a religious television station in Harlingen, Texas, broadcasting locally on digital channel 34 (virtual channel 44). Founded August 1, 1983, the station is owned by the Trinity Broadcasting Network, under the license name of Community Educational Television. It maintains studios located on Loop 499 in Harlingen.

Mark Farris

Mark Allen Farris (born February 9, 1975) is a former quarterback for Texas A&M University and a former shortstop in the Pittsburgh Pirates minor league system. He is the son of Nancy and Phil Farris of Angleton, Texas. He has two daughters, Kameryn and Kendyll. He is married to Amanda Payan Farris and they have a son, deacon.

Moises Vela

Moises V. "Moe" Vela, Jr. is a lawyer, government advisor, and Hispanic leader, named by the National Journal as one of the 100 top Hispanics and 300 top decision makers in the United States.Currently, he is the CEO & President of The Vela Group, LLC, a global business development consulting firm based in Washington DC. He is also Of Counsel at the law firm of Stein Mitchell Cipollone Beato & Missner.

He is the first Hispanic to serve in two senior executive roles in the White House, first during the Clinton Administration as Chief Financial Officer and Senior Advisor on Latino Affairs in the Office of Vice President Al Gore, and later during the Obama Administration as Director of Administration for Joe Biden, the Vice President of the United States.

Nick Stahl

Nicolas Kent Stahl (born December 5, 1979) is an American actor known for The Man Without a Face, Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines, Sin City and Carnivàle. Starting out as a child actor, he gained recognition for his performance in the 1993 film The Man Without a Face co-starring Mel Gibson and then embarked on a successful career.

He later transitioned into his adult career with roles in the film The Thin Red Line, In the Bedroom, Bully, Sin City, the HBO series Carnivàle, and the film Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines, in the role of John Connor. More recently, he also starred in the films Mirrors 2, Afghan Luke, and Away from Here.

Rio Grande Valley WhiteWings

The Rio Grande Valley WhiteWings was a professional baseball team based in Harlingen, Texas, in the United States. The WhiteWings was a member of United League Baseball, an independent professional league which is not affiliated with Major League Baseball or Minor League Baseball. From the 1994 season to 2014, the WhiteWings played its home games at Harlingen Field.

University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley (UTRGV) is a public research university in the University of Texas System. UTRGV has multiple campuses in the Rio Grande Valley region of Texas; founded in 2013, it entered into full operation in 2015 after the consolidation of the University of Texas at Brownsville/Texas Southmost College, the University of Texas–Pan American and the UT Regional Academic Health Center – Harlingen. The university has a new medical school.UTRGV is one of the largest universities in the U.S. to have a majority Hispanic student population; 89.2% of its students are Hispanic, virtually all of them Mexican Americans.

Valley Morning Star

The Valley Morning Star, established in 1909 as the Harlingen Star, is an American newspaper published in Harlingen in the U.S. state of Texas. In 1938, The New York Times reported on a printer's strike at the newspaper that was organized by the Typographical Union. In 1951, the newspaper was bought by Raymond C. Hoiles. In 2012, Freedom Communications papers in Texas were sold to AIM Media Texas.

Climate data for Harlingen, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 94
Average high °F (°C) 72.1
Daily mean °F (°C) 62.1
Average low °F (°C) 52.8
Record low °F (°C) 12
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.06
Source: National Weather Service[9]
Municipalities and communities of Cameron County, Texas, United States
Ghost town


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