Hard Rock Stadium

Coordinates: 25°57′29″N 80°14′20″W / 25.95806°N 80.23889°W

Hard Rock Stadium
Hard Rock Stadium logo
Hard Rock Stadium
Exterior view, August 2017
Former names
Address347 Don Shula Dr
Miami Gardens, FL 33056-2614
LocationGreater Miami
Parking26,718 cars
OwnerMiami Hurricanes, LLC
(a subsidiary of the Miami Dolphins)[2]
Capacity64,767 (Football)[3][4] 14,000 (Tennis)[5]
Record attendance80,120
(2013 BCS National Championship Game)
SurfaceTifway 419 Bermuda Grass
Construction
Broke groundDecember 1, 1985
Opened16 August 1987
Construction costUS$115 million
($268 million in 2018 dollars[6])
ArchitectHOK Sport
Project managerGeorge A. Fuller Company[7]
Structural engineerBliss & Nyitray Inc.
Services engineerBlum Consulting Engineers
General contractorHuber, Hunt & Nichols[8]
Tenants
Miami Dolphins (NFL) (1987–present)
Russell Athletic Bowl (NCAA) (1990–2000)
Florida Marlins (MLB) (1993–2011)
Orange Bowl (NCAA) (1996–present)
Florida Atlantic Owls (NCAA) (2001–02)
Miami Hurricanes (NCAA) (2008–present)
Miami Open (tennis) (2019–present)
Website
Venue Website

Hard Rock Stadium is a multipurpose football stadium located in Miami Gardens, Florida, a city north of Miami. It is the home stadium of the Miami Dolphins of the National Football League (NFL). Hard Rock Stadium also plays host to the Miami Hurricanes football team during their regular season. In addition, the facility hosts the Orange Bowl, an annual college football bowl game. It was the home to the Florida Marlins of Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1993 to 2011. From 2019, the stadium is home to the Miami Open tennis tournament, played in March.

The stadium has hosted five Super Bowls (XXIII, XXIX, XXXIII, XLI and XLIV), the 2010 Pro Bowl,[9] two World Series (1997 and 2003), four BCS National Championship Games (2001, 2005, 2009, 2013), the second round of the 2009 World Baseball Classic, and WrestleMania XXVIII. The stadium will host Super Bowl LIV in 2020[10] and the College Football Playoff National Championship in 2021.[11]

The facility opened in 1987 as "Joe Robbie Stadium" and has been known by a number of names since: "Pro Player Park", "Pro Player Stadium", "Dolphins Stadium", "Dolphin Stadium", "Land Shark Stadium", and "Sun Life Stadium". In August 2016 the team sold the naming rights to Hard Rock Cafe Inc. for $250 million over 18 years. [12]

History and facts

Conception and construction

Jrs1
County officials check out the interior of the stadium, April 24, 1987

For their first 21 seasons, the Miami Dolphins played at the Orange Bowl. Joe Robbie, the team's founder, led the financing campaign to build a new home for the team. He believed it was only a matter of time before a Major League Baseball team came to South Florida. At his request, the stadium was built so only minimal renovations would be necessary to ready it for a baseball team. Most notably, the field was made somewhat wider than is normally the case for an NFL stadium. The wide field also made it fairly easy to convert the stadium for soccer.

Because of this design decision, the first row of seats was 90 ft (27 m) from the sideline in a football configuration, considerably more distant than the first row of seats in most football stadiums (the closest seats at the new Soldier Field, for instance, are 55 ft (17 m) from the sideline at the 50-yard line). This resulted in a less intimate venue for football compared to other football facilities built around this time, as well as to the Orange Bowl.

At the time it opened in 1987, the stadium was located in an unincorporated area within Miami-Dade County, and had a Miami address. Miami Gardens was incorporated on May 13, 2003.[13]

Dolphins

Dolphinstadiumint
The stadium before a Miami Dolphins game, 2007

The first preseason game for the Dolphins was played on August 16, 1987 against the Chicago Bears. The first regular season game was scheduled for September 27, a week 3 game against the New York Giants; this game was canceled and not made up due to the 1987 players strike. The first regular season NFL game played there was a 42–0 Dolphins victory over the Kansas City Chiefs on October 11, 1987. The game was in the middle of the 1987 NFL strike, and was played with replacement players. The first game with union players was on October 25 of that year, a 34-31 overtime loss to the Buffalo Bills. The stadium hosted its first Monday Night Football game on December 7 of that year, a 37–28 Dolphins victory over the New York Jets.

The Dolphins have played eight playoff games in the stadium, including the 1992 AFC Championship Game, which the team lost to the Buffalo Bills, 29–10. The Dolphins are 5–3 in playoff games held here, losing the most recent one in January 2009, against the Baltimore Ravens.

The team is unbeaten here against the Minnesota Vikings (3–0), Los Angeles/San Diego Chargers (7–0), Los Angeles/St. Louis Rams (4–0), and Washington Redskins (4–0); they are winless here against the Dallas Cowboys (0–3) and New York Giants (0–3). The Chargers are 0-8 overall in the stadium, also losing Super Bowl XXIX to the San Francisco 49ers.

The Marlins move in

Marlins 2008 001
A Florida Marlins baseball game, 2008

While Joe Robbie was a multi-purpose stadium built primarily for football, its design also accommodated baseball and soccer. Dolphins founder Joe Robbie believed it was a foregone conclusion that MLB would come to South Florida, so he wanted the stadium designed to make any necessary renovations for baseball as seamless as possible. In 1990, Wayne Huizenga purchased 50% of then-Joe Robbie Stadium and became the point man in the drive to bring Major League Baseball (MLB) to South Florida. That effort was rewarded in July 1991, when the Miami area was awarded an MLB expansion franchise. The new team was named the Florida Marlins, and placed in the National League to begin competing in 1993.

The first Marlins game played at then-Joe Robbie Stadium was on April 5, 1993, a 6–3 victory over the Los Angeles Dodgers. The Marlins drew more than 3 million people in their inaugural season. They went on to won two World Series titles, in 1997 and 2003.

Despite such preparation and pockets of success, the stadium was less than adequate as a baseball venue. Although its design was meant to accommodate baseball, it was primarily a football stadium. There were plenty of reminders of that purpose even in the stadium's baseball configuration. The stadium's color scheme matched that of the Dolphins. When the football season overlapped, cleat marks, as well as silhouettes of hashmarks and logos of the Dolphins or Hurricanes, were visible on the baseball diamond. The Marlins reduced capacity to 47,662 (later to 35,521), mainly to create a more intimate atmosphere for baseball. However, capacity would have likely been reduced in any event, since many of the seats in the upper deck were too far from the field to be of any use during the regular season. Even with the reduced capacity, the sight lines were less than optimal for baseball. Most seats were pointed toward the 50-yard line—where center field was located in the baseball configuration. Lights were not angled for optimum baseball visibility. Players had to walk through football tunnels to get to dugouts that were designed with low ceiling joists. Some of these embarrassing issues were showcased on national television during the two World Series held there, when capacity was expanded to over 67,000. Most notably, some areas of left and center field were not part of the football playing field, and fans sitting in the left-field upper deck couldn't see any game action in those areas except on the replay boards.[14] These issues became even more pronounced over the years, as, by 2004,[15] a wave of baseball-only parks left what had by then been renamed Pro Player Stadium as the only National League park that played host to both an MLB and an NFL team.

Additionally, the stadium was built for games held during the fall/winter football season, not for games in the tropical summers of South Florida, which feature oppressive heat, humidity, frequent rain, and occasional tropical storms. For most of the stadium's run as a baseball venue, it was the hottest stadium in the majors, with temperatures for day games frequently reaching well above 95 °F (35 °C). The Marlins played most of their summer home games at night as a result. The lack of refuge from the uncomfortable climate and disruptive rain delays were considered a cause of chronically low attendance after that inaugural season. When the Marlins were not contending, they struggled to attract crowds larger than 5,000—a figure that looked even smaller than that due to the cavernous environment. Some Marlins players later admitted that they "couldn't wait to go on the road" because Sun Life Stadium (as their home had been renamed in 2010) had the "worst [playing] conditions" and least fan energy in the majors during years when the team was not a contender.[16][17][18]

Dolphin Stadium baseball diamond
The Marlins' former home at what was then Dolphin Stadium was primarily a football stadium, shown prepping for a Dolphins game with gridlines over the diamond in August 2007.

Baseball renovations and configurations

After Huizenga bought part of the stadium, it was extensively renovated to accommodate a baseball team at the cost of several million dollars, as part of his successful bid to bring baseball to South Florida. Purists initially feared the result would be similar to Exhibition Stadium in Toronto; when the Toronto Blue Jays played there from 1977 to 1989, they were burdened with seats that were so far from the field (over 800 feet in some cases) that they weren't even sold during the regular season. However, Robbie had foreseen Miami would be a likely location for a new or relocated MLB team, and the stadium was designed to make any necessary renovations for baseball as seamless as possible. On January 24, 1994, Huizenga acquired the remaining 50% of the stadium to give him 100% ownership.

Landsharknewinterior
Interior of Hard Rock Stadium in 2009, then named Land Shark Stadium. When the Marlins played there, the field was juggled among the Miami Dolphins, Miami Hurricanes, and Florida Marlins, making it an extremely used turf.

Aside from baseball renovations, the stadium underwent some permanent renovations. In April 2006, the stadium unveiled two Daktronics large video boards, the largest in professional sports at the time.[19] The east display measured 50 ft (15 m) high by 140 ft (43 m) wide, and the west end zone display measured 50 ft (15 m) high by 100 ft (30 m) wide. A new 2,118-foot (646 m)-long LED ribbon board, again the largest in the world at the time, was also installed. These have since been surpassed in size.[19]

In addition, the upgrades included vastly widened 40,000-square-foot (3,700 m2) concourses on the stadium's north and south sides. Bars, lounges and other amenities were also added. The renovation had three phases, with the second and third phases of renovation taking place after the Marlins left the stadium. These remaining phases included adding a roof to shield fans from the rain, which caused the relocation of the video boards to the top corners of the upper deck, as well as remodeling the sidelines of the lower bowl to narrow the field and bring seats closer, ending its convertibility to baseball. The orange colored seats were also replaced with teal colored ones.[20]

2015 renovation

The Marlins left for their own stadium, Marlins Park, which was completed for the 2012 MLB season.

A privately funded $350 million stadium renovation project began in January 2015. The project plan allowed the stadium to be used for football games during the 2015 season and was completed for the 2016 football season.[21] Stadium upgrades included video boards in each corner of the stadium, additional suites, and an open-air canopy over the main seating areas.[22] As part of the renovation, the stadium's seating capacity was reduced from 75,000 to 65,000 seats. Personal seat licenses were not used, and a preview center opened at the stadium in February 2015 to help current and prospective season ticket holders select their ticket packages. Luxury packages were used in place of PSL revenue to help finance the stadium. Thirty-two four-seat pods were installed located in the lower bowl at the south 30-yard lines, with an additional 16 pods at the south end zone.[23] The pods feature a living room arrangement, including premium furniture and television screens that show the NFL RedZone channel and NFL programming.[24]

Miami Open tennis tournament

The Miami Open tennis tournament, which had been held at Crandon Park in Key Biscayne since 1988, was forced to move after the 2018 tournament when it was refused permission for a $50m upgrade. In order to keep it in Miami, Dolphins owner Steve Ross proposed to tournament owners IMG that it be held at Hard Rock Stadium.[25] 29 permanent courts—11 tournament courts and 18 practice courts—were created in the south parking lot of the complex, including a 1,564-seat Court 2, a 3,024-seat Court 1, and a 4,993-seat Grandstand Stadium.[26] Within the stadium itself, a 13,800-seat tennis stadium was created by screening off the area between the 30-yard lines.[26] Tournament director James Blake called it "a great opportunity for tennis to expand, for tennis to grow and progress."[27] The first tournament was held there in March 2019, and the venue drew favorable comments from players such as defending champion John Isner and world No. 1 Novak Djokovic.[28] The main stadium, and its amenities, which are dismantled immediately after the tournament, will be reconstructed in just a month after the 2020 Super Bowl, which is to be held in February.[29]

Seating capacity

Football
Years Capacity
1987–1988
74,993
1989–1992
73,000
1993–1997
74,916
1998–2000
75,192
2001–2014
75,540
2015–present
64,767
Baseball
Years Capacity
1993
43,909
1994
47,662
1995
46,238
1996–1997
41,855
1998
42,531
1999
35,521
2000–2007
36,331
2008–2011
38,560

Permanent seating

The 65,326 permanent seats for football and soccer configurations break down as follows: For the general 19" seats with chair back and armrests, there are 27,397 in the lower deck and 34,736 in the upper deck. There are 10,209 of the bigger club 21" seats with chair back and armrests. In the 193 executive suites with 10, 12, 16, 20, and 24 seats, there are a total of 3,198. There are also 300 seating locations for disabled persons, 150 seats for working press, and 10 radio/TV booths.[30]

The stadium contains 10,209 club seats and 216 suites. When the Marlins played at the stadium, 2,400 of the club seats and 216 suites were available.

Parking

The parking around the stadium takes up 140 acres, featuring parking for 24,137 cars, 171 buses, 90 RVs, 85 limousines, and one helipad on site.[30] The parking fee was $30 per car/truck/SUV for the 2013 and 2014 seasons. $40 per car/truck/suv for 2017 yellow section.

Notable events

NFL

Dolphins 11-11-2007 015
An NFL game at then-named Dolphin Stadium in 2007

The stadium has played host to five Super Bowls (1989, 1995, 1999, 2007, and 2010). There has been a kickoff return for a touchdown in each Super Bowl played at the stadium, except in the most recent game. The stadium also hosted the 2010 Pro Bowl. The stadium will host Super Bowl LIV in 2020.

The 2007 Super Bowl at Dolphin Stadium—when Indianapolis defeated Chicago 29–17—was marred by heavy rains. An estimated 30% of the lower-level seating was empty during the second half.[31]

NFL Jets at Dolphins-Sun Life Stadium-2012-09-24
Sun Life Stadium in 2012

In 2010, the NFL threatened to take the stadium out of further consideration for a Super Bowl or Pro Bowl unless significant renovations were made. One of the upgrades desired was a roof to protect fans from the elements. In 2012, the Dolphins scrapped plans for pitching a $200-million hotel tax proposal that would have included a partial stadium roof.

In 2016, an open-air canopy was constructed that protects the seating bowl from the elements. The canopy however, does have a football-field sized hole in the middle, and thus does not protect the playing field itself from rain. The renovations were completed by the first Miami Dolphins pre-season home game in September 2016. Previously, since the field runs east–west (rather than north–south as is the case in most other stadiums), the north stands were exposed to the full force of South Florida's oppressive heat early in the season. The issue became so problematic that Stephen Ross, who owns the Dolphins and the stadium, successfully petitioned the NFL to have all September home games start at 4 pm. Although the heat gave the Dolphins a substantial home-field advantage against opponents unaccustomed to the sweltering heat, Ross was willing to give that up in order to ensure a more comfortable environment for fans.[32]

Date Super Bowl Team (Visitor) Points Team (Home) Points Spectators
January 22, 1989 XXIII Cincinnati Bengals 16 San Francisco 49ers 20 75,597
January 29, 1995 XXIX San Diego Chargers 26 San Francisco 49ers 49 74,107
January 31, 1999 XXXIII Denver Broncos 34 Atlanta Falcons 19 74,803
February 4, 2007 XLI Indianapolis Colts 29 Chicago Bears 17 74,512
February 7, 2010 XLIV New Orleans Saints 31 Indianapolis Colts 17 74,059

College football

The stadium has hosted both the 2009 BCS National Championship Game and the 2013 BCS National Championship Game.[33] The 2013 game between Alabama and Notre Dame set a new attendance record for the facility, with 80,120 on hand to witness Alabama's third BCS Championship in four seasons.[34]

Hard Rock Stadium
Hard Rock Stadium prior to the November 11, 2017 Miami Hurricanes vs. Notre Dame football game.

The stadium has hosted the Miami Hurricanes beginning in 2008. The stadium was the home field for the Florida Atlantic Owls (2001–2002).

Between 1990 and 2000, the stadium hosted a bowl game variously known as the Blockbuster Bowl, CarQuest Bowl, and MicronPC Bowl. After 2000, that bowl was moved to Orlando, where it eventually became known as the Russell Athletic Bowl.

The stadium has been the site of the Orange Bowl game since 1996, except for the January 1999 contest between Florida and Syracuse, which had to be moved due to a conflict with a Dolphins playoff game.

Until 2008, the stadium was host (in even numbered years) to the annual Shula Bowl, a game played between the Florida Atlantic University Owls and the Florida International University Panthers, when the game was hosted by FAU as the home team (FIU hosts the game at its own stadium, Riccardo Silva Stadium, every other year). In 2010, the game was moved to Fort Lauderdale's Lockhart Stadium, and in 2011 the Owls opened FAU Stadium on its Boca Raton campus, and started hosting the Shula Bowl there biennially in 2012.

Sun Life Stadium Coast Guard flyover
Coast Guard MH-65 Dolphin helicopter flies over then-named Sun Life Stadium

In 2017 it was announced that the stadium would host the 2021 College Football Playoff National Championship.

WrestleMania XXVIII

WMXXVIIIlive
A record attendance of 78,363 fans pack Sun Life Stadium for WrestleMania XXVIII

On April 1, 2012, the stadium hosted WrestleMania XXVIIIWWE's flagship professional wrestling event. It marked the second edition of WrestleMania to be held in Florida, and the third to be held entirely outdoors.[35][36]

With an attendance of 78,363, the event grossed $67 million, and was estimated to have generated $103 million in revenue for Miami.[37][38]

Baseball

Two National League Division Series have been played at the stadium:

Two National League Championship Series have been played at Hard Rock Stadium:

Two World Series have been played at Hard Rock Stadium:

When the Marlins began play in 1993, baseball capacity was initially reduced to 47,662, with most of the upper level covered with a tarp. In addition to Huizenga's desire to create a more intimate atmosphere for baseball, most of the seats in the upper level would have been too far from the field to be of any use during the regular season. The stadium's baseball capacity was further reduced over the years, and finally settled at 38,560 seats. However, the Marlins would usually open the entire upper level for the postseason. In the 1997 World Series, the Marlins played before crowds of over 67,000 fans, some of the highest postseason attendance figures in MLB history, only exceeded by Cleveland Stadium, home of the Cleveland Indians during the 1948 and 1954 World Series, old Yankee Stadium prior to its mid 1970s renovation, and the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, the temporary home of the Los Angeles Dodgers (before Dodger Stadium was opened) in the 1959 World Series.

Although it was designed from the ground up to accommodate baseball, it was never a true multipurpose stadium. Rather, it was built as a football stadium that could convert into a baseball stadium. Most of the seats in the baseball configuration were pointed toward center field – where the 50-yard line would have been in the football configuration. As a result, even with the reduced capacity, the sight lines for baseball left much to be desired. This was particularly evident during the Marlins' World Series appearances in 1997 and 2003. Some portions of left and center field were not part of the football playing field, and fans sitting in the left field upper-deck seats were unable to see these areas except on the replay boards. Even with the reduced capacity, during years the Marlins were not contending, they often drew crowds of 5,000 or fewer—a total that looked even smaller due to the spacious environment.

The stadium was notorious for its poor playing conditions. The lights were not located in optimal positions for baseball visibility. During August and September, when the Dolphins (and later, the Hurricanes) shared the stadium, the field conditions were, according to both Marlins and visiting players, among the worst in the majors. Indeed, several Marlins players said that at times, they "couldn't wait to go on the road." Visiting teams hated coming to the stadium as well. For instance, when the Atlanta Braves came to the stadium for the last time in 2011, Dan Uggla, who played for the Marlins from 2006 to 2010, said that he was probably the only Brave who was going to miss it.[39][40][41] The stadium's problems as a baseball venue became even more stark as time wore on, as the Marlins' tenure in the stadium coincided with a wave of new, baseball-only parks. When the Marlins began play in 1993, the stadium was one of 14 that hosted both a Major League Baseball team and a professional football team. But by the time the Marlins left the stadium, it was one of only three in the majors (and the only National League stadium) that played host to both a baseball team and an NFL or CFL team. The others were the Oakland Coliseum and Toronto's Rogers Centre.

For most of the Marlins' tenure at the stadium, it was the hottest stadium in the major leagues. The Marlins played nearly all of their home games from late May through mid-September at night due to South Florida's often oppressive heat and humidity. They also got waivers from MLB and ESPN to play on Sunday nights.

The stadium was the venue where Mark McGwire hit his NL-record 57th home run to best Hack Wilson's 68-year-old record of 56 in 1998. Ken Griffey Jr. hit his 600th career home run off Mark Hendrickson of the Marlins on June 9, 2008; and where Roy Halladay of the Philadelphia Phillies pitched the 20th perfect game in Major League Baseball history on May 29, 2010, against the Marlins.

Concerts

Date Performer(s) Opening act(s) Tour/Event Attendance Revenue Notes
July 3, 1988 Rod Stewart
Hall & Oates
Chicago
John Day and Full Circle Happy Birthday America '88 40,000
July 30, 1989 The Who The Who Tour 1989 54,339 / 54,339 $1,222,628
April 14, 1990 Paul McCartney The Paul McCartney World Tour 95,410 / 95,410 $2,862,300
April 15, 1990
August 12, 1990 New Kids on the Block The Magic Summer Tour 60,000 / 60,000
December 31, 1991 Guns N' Roses Use Your Illusion Tour
May 16, 1992 Genesis We Can't Dance Tour
July 4, 1992 Chicago
September 26, 1992 Crosby, Stills & Nash
October 3, 1992 U2 Big Audio Dynamite II
Public Enemy
Zoo TV Tour 45,244 / 46,000 $1,289,454
March 30, 1994 Pink Floyd The Division Bell Tour 54,738 / 54,738 $1,975,665
November 25, 1994 The Rolling Stones Bryan Adams
Blind Melon
Lenny Kravitz
Voodoo Lounge Tour 55,935 / 55,935 $2,574,810 Special Guest Michael Hutchence.
April 13, 1995 Billy Joel
Elton John
Face to Face 1995 103,694 / 103,694 $4,385,725
April 14, 1995
March 8, 1997 The Three Tenors The Three Tenors World Tour
November 14, 1997 U2 Smash Mouth PopMart Tour 42,778 / 44,500 $2,158,988
July 10, 2007 The Police Maroon 5
Fiction Plane
The Police Reunion Tour 46,105 / 46,105 $5,094,870
November 26, 2008[42] Madonna Paul Oakenfold Sticky & Sweet Tour 47,998 / 47,998 $6,137,030 Timbaland and Pharrell Williams were the special guests onstage.
April 3, 2010[43] Paul McCartney Up and Coming Tour 35,784 / 35,784 $4,325,859
June 29, 2011[44] U2 Florence and the Machine U2 360° Tour 72,569 / 72,569 $6,799,670 The concert was originally scheduled to take place on July 9, 2010, but then it was postponed due to Bono's back surgery.
November 23, 2011 The Black Eyed Peas Sean Kingston
Jason Derulo
T-Pain
CeeLo Green
Queen Latifah
The Beginning
August 16, 2013[45] Justin Timberlake
Jay-Z
DJ Cassidy Legends of the Summer 46,366 / 46,366 $5,350,175
June 25, 2014 Beyoncé
Jay-Z
On the Run Tour 49,980 / 49,980 $5,450,026
October 5, 2014 One Direction 5 Seconds of Summer Where We Are Tour 53,914 / 53,914 $4,303,749
June 11, 2017 U2 OneRepublic The Joshua Tree Tour 2017 48,494 / 48,494 $5,923,665
July 7, 2017 Metallica Avenged Sevenfold
Volbeat
WorldWired Tour 32,168 / 45,433 $3,163,523
August 28, 2017 Coldplay AlunaGeorge
Izzy Bizu
A Head Full of Dreams Tour 47,866 / 47,866 $6,446,966
August 18, 2018 Taylor Swift Camila Cabello
Charli XCX
Taylor Swift's Reputation Stadium Tour 47,818 / 47,818 $7,072,164 Highest grossing concert in the stadium to date.
August 31, 2018 Beyoncé
Jay-Z
Chloe X Halle and DJ Khaled On the Run II Tour 44,310 / 44,310 $6,295,535
August 31, 2019 The Rolling Stones TBA No Filter Tour

Soccer

Hard Rock Stadium - El Clásico Miami
El Clásico at the Hard Rock Stadium in 2017.

A number of soccer matches have been held in the stadium, including a number of international friendlies featuring Central or South American sides. (This is due to South Florida being home to one of the largest populations of Central and South Americans in the United States.)

The stadium hosted a match between FC Barcelona and C.D. Guadalajara on August 3, 2011, as part of the 2011 World Football Challenge. Guadalajara won the match, 4–1, in front of 70,080 attendees.[46]

Colombia beat Mexico, 2–0, in a friendly international in front of 51,615 spectators at the stadium on February 29, 2012. A year later they beat Guatemala, 4–1.

A.C. Milan and Chelsea faced each other at the stadium on July 28, 2012. A.C. Milan won the match, 1–0, in front of 57,748 fans.[47]

Brazil beat Honduras, 5–0, in a friendly match in front of 71,124 spectators on November 16, 2013. The attendance was the highest for a soccer match at the stadium.[48]

England played Ecuador and Honduras at the New Miami Stadium on June 4 and 7, 2014, respectively.[49]

South Korea played against Ghana on June 9, 2014.

On September 5, 2014, two months after a heavy defeat to Germany in the World Cup, Brazil beat Colombia, 1–0, in front of an announced attendance of 73,429 fans, a new attendance record for a soccer match at the stadium.

The 2014 International Champions Cup preseason final was held at New Miami Stadium with Manchester United defeating Liverpool 3–1 on August 4, 2014 to claim the tournament's second title.

Two 2017 International Champions Cup preseason matches were played at the Hard Rock, one of them the El Clásico between Barcelona and Real Madrid. Barcelona won 3–2 in the second El Clásico to take place outside of Spain. 66,014 people, above current capacity, attended the match.[50]

On March 23, 2018 the international friendly PeruCroatia was played at the stadium, which Peru won 2–0.[51] Hard Rock Stadium is also a candidate to be one of the host stadiums for the 2026 FIFA World Cup.

Date Team (Visitor) Goals Team (Home) Goals Spectators
August 3, 2011 FC Barcelona 1 Guadalajara 4 70,080
February 29, 2012  Colombia 2  Mexico 0 51,615
July 28, 2012 A.C. Milan 1 Chelsea 0 57,748
August 6, 2013 Juventus 1 Inter Milan 1 38,513
November 16, 2013  Brazil 5  Honduras 0 71,124
June 4, 2014  England 2  Ecuador 2 21,534
June 9, 2014  Ghana 4  South Korea 0 5,000
August 4, 2014 Manchester United 3 Liverpool 1 51,014
September 5, 2014  Brazil 1  Colombia 0 73,429
July 26, 2017 Paris Saint-Germain 2 Juventus 3 44,444
July 29, 2017 FC Barcelona 3 Real Madrid 2 66,014
March 23, 2018  Peru 2  Croatia 0 60,000
July 28, 2018 Bayern Munich 2 Manchester City 3 29,195
July 31, 2018 Manchester United 2 Real Madrid 1 64,141
September 7, 2018  Colombia 2  Venezuela 1 34,048
October 12, 2018  Peru 3  Chile 0 TBD

Monster Jam

The monster truck touring series Monster Jam used to go to the stadium every year. The last show performed there was in 2015, and in 2018 the shows moved to Marlins Park. In 2012, the show was filmed and shown on SPEED Channel.

Year Date Racing Winner Freestyle Winner
2002 January 26 Gunslinger El Toro Loco
2003 January 25 El Toro Loco Grave Digger
2004 January 24 MADUSA Grave Digger
2005 February 5 Grave Digger El Toro Loco/Grave Digger (tie)
2006 February 4 Gunslinger Blue Thunder
2007 February 17 El Toro Loco Grave Digger
2008 February 2 Blue Thunder Grave Digger
2009 January 31 Stone Crusher Grave Digger
2010 February 20 Gunslinger Maximum Destruction
2011 February 12 Mohawk Warrior Grave Digger
2012 February 11 Bounty Hunter Advance Auto Parts Grinder
2013 February 9 Bounty Hunter Grave Digger
2014 February 8 Grave Digger The Legend El Toro Loco
2015 January 3 Grave Digger The Legend
2016 No Show (Stadium Renovations)
2017 No Show (Unknown Reasoning)
2018 No Show (Moved to Marlins Park)

In film

Movies have also been shot there, most notably Ace Ventura: Pet Detective, which starred Jim Carrey and featured Dolphins great Dan Marino as himself; Marley and Me, starring Owen Wilson and Jennifer Aniston; and the Oliver Stone-directed Any Given Sunday, starring Al Pacino.

Other events

Other events held at the stadium have included international soccer games, Hoop-It-Up Basketball, RV and boat shows, the UniverSoul Circus, and numerous trade shows. It has also hosted religious gatherings.

The stadium has also hosted Australian rules football exhibition matches (including two Victorian Football League (VFL) post-season exhibitions). For the 1988 exhibition between Collingwood and Geelong, the game was played on the diagonal to compensate for the stadium not being an oval.[52]

In 2006, it hosted the High School State Football Championships, sanctioned by the Florida High School Athletic Association (FHSAA).

Naming rights

The stadium has gone through many name changes, bringing up a question of the value of corporate naming rights.[53]

During the planning and building phase of the stadium, the stadium was referred to as Dolphin Stadium. The stadium was named after Joe Robbie, the original and then-owner of the Miami Dolphins and stadium in 1987, when it opened. In the early 1990s, Wayne Huizenga gained control of the stadium. Huizenga first sold the naming rights to Pro Player, the sports apparel division of Fruit of the Loom, and Joe Robbie Stadium became Pro Player Park on August 26, 1996. After the Dolphins opened the 1996 season at Pro Player Park, the stadium was renamed again to Pro Player Stadium before the Dolphins returned home in Week 3. The Marlins’ 1996 season was played under three different names, having started the year under the Joe Robbie name.

Fruit of the Loom filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in 1999, and the Pro Player brand was ultimately liquidated in 2001, but the stadium name held for several more years. In January 2005, the Pro Player name was replaced with Dolphins Stadium, coinciding with a renovation of the stadium. Dolphins was changed to Dolphin in April 2006, in an update of graphics and logos.[54]

From February 2008 through January 2009, Stephen M. Ross gradually acquired 95% of the stadium and surrounding land. He then partnered with Jimmy Buffett to change the name once more, this time to Land Shark Stadium after a beer brewed for Buffett's Margaritaville restaurant chain. The renaming was announced on May 8, 2009, but would last less than a year as the deal did not include rights for the upcoming 2010 Pro Bowl and Super Bowl XLIV.[55]

On January 20, 2010, Canadian-based financial services company Sun Life Financial announced that it had acquired the naming rights.[56] Sun Life Financial announced in 2012, that it will be exiting the U.S. annuity business and focusing on its employee benefits business in the U.S.[57] On August 14, 2015, the Dolphins told the Miami Herald that Sun Life's deal would expire in January 2016 and that the team had no plans to renew, wanting to position their renovated stadium as a brand new entity. The team also stated that they would remove Sun Life's signage upon expiration of the deal, regardless of their ability to find a replacement sponsor before then. During renovations, it was known as the New Miami Stadium.[58]

On August 17, 2016, the Dolphins announced that the naming rights had been sold to Hard Rock Cafe International, and that the stadium would be renamed Hard Rock Stadium.[59][60][61] The new name was notably ridiculed by fans of the Florida State Seminoles, as the Seminole Tribe of Florida are the owners of the Hard Rock Cafe chain, but the stadium is the host stadium of their rivals, the University of Miami Hurricanes.[62]

Name Duration
Joe Robbie Stadium August 16, 1987 – August 25, 1996
Pro Player Park August 26, 1996 – September 9, 1996
Pro Player Stadium September 10, 1996 – January 9, 2005
Dolphins Stadium January 10, 2005 – April 7, 2006
Dolphin Stadium April 8, 2006 – May 7, 2009
Land Shark Stadium May 8, 2009 – January 5, 2010
Dolphin Stadium January 6, 2010 – January 19, 2010
Sun Life Stadium January 20, 2010 – January 31, 2016
New Miami Stadium February 1, 2016 – August 16, 2016
Hard Rock Stadium August 17, 2016–present

See also

References

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  2. ^ Ross' percentage is approximate. Small stakes are also known to be owned by the following sports and entertainment celebrities: Marc Anthony, Jennifer Lopez, Jimmy Buffett, Gloria and Emilio Estefan, Fergie, Serena Williams, Venus Williams
  3. ^ "FAQs". Miami Dolphins. Retrieved April 7, 2016.
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  17. ^ Gonzalez, Alden (September 28, 2011). "Marlins bid farewell to Sun Life Stadium". MLB Advanced Media, L.P. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
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  25. ^ Shmerler, Cindy (March 30, 2018). "Key Biscayne Prepares to Say Goodbye to Pro Tennis". New York Times. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
  26. ^ a b Newcomb, Tim (January 7, 2019). "How The Miami Open Is Repositioning Itself At Hard Rock Stadium And Increasing Ticket Sales". Forbes. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
  27. ^ Rielle Creighton (March 27, 2018). Hard Rock Stadium Makeover Underway To Host Miami Open Next Year (YouTube video). CBS Miami. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
  28. ^ Eichenholz, Andrew (March 28, 2019). "Coffee & Csonka To Rocking Tennis: Miami's New Venue". ATP Tour. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
  29. ^ Steve Tignor (March 28, 2019). New-look Miami Open shows us tennis can still make it in the big city (video). Tennis.com. Retrieved March 31, 2019.
  30. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 26, 2015. Retrieved November 2, 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  31. ^ Thompson, Edgar (January 7, 2010). "Miami Dolphins Propose Partial Roof for Stadium in Effort to Attract Future Super Bowls". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved January 7, 2010.
  32. ^ Vikings among teams facing major stadium issues Archived July 4, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Fox Sports. Retrieved June 19, 2012.
  33. ^ "Orange Bowl Committee – Sun Life Stadium". Retrieved January 11, 2012.
  34. ^ "Single Game Attendance Report". Retrieved January 8, 2013.
  35. ^ Varsallone, Jim (February 9, 2011). "WrestleMania 28 headed to Sun Life Stadium". The Miami Herald. Archived from the original on February 22, 2011. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
  36. ^ Chang, Daniel (February 9, 2011). "WWE's WrestleMania heading to Sun Life Stadium in 2012". The Miami Herald. Archived from the original on February 10, 2011. Retrieved February 10, 2011.
  37. ^ South Florida Business Journal https://www.bizjournals.com/southflorida/news/2012/10/15/wwe-wrestlemania-had-103m-impact-on.html. Retrieved January 8, 2019. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  38. ^ Graser, Marc; Graser, Marc (April 25, 2013). "'WrestleMania 29' Sets Earnings Record for WWE (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
  39. ^ "Players Won't Miss Marlins' old Home". ESPN. Associated Press. September 26, 2011. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  40. ^ Gonzalez, Alden (September 28, 2011). "Marlins bid farewell to Sun Life Stadium". Major League Baseball. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
  41. ^ Davis, Craig (September 23, 2011). "Marlins, Opponents Eager to Bid Adieu to Sun Life Stadium". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. Fort Lauderdale. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
  42. ^ "Billboard Boxscore". Billboard. New York City. January 3, 2009. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved December 31, 2008.
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  46. ^ "August 3, 2011: Barcelona vs. CD Guadalajara". Major League Soccer. MLSsoccer.com. August 3, 2011. Archived from the original on October 13, 2012. Retrieved September 6, 2011.
  47. ^ Fernandez, Andre C. (July 28, 2012). "Alive and Well: AC Milan Tops Chelsea in Front of 57,748 Fans". The Miami Herald. Retrieved July 28, 2012.
  48. ^ Brazil routs Honduras 5-0 from Yahoo! Sports, November 16, 2013, retrieved December 14, 2014
  49. ^ "World Cup 2014: England's friendlies will have a Latin accent". The Guardian. January 16, 2014.
  50. ^ "66,014 is the official attendance for El Clásico Miami at the Hard Rock Stadium". 90Live.
  51. ^ https://www.flashscore.com/match/dx3GrCm7/
  52. ^ 1988 VFL Exhibition – Collingwood vs. Geelong at Joe Robbie Stadium, Miami YouTube
  53. ^ Are Naming Rights Deals A Good Buy?. CNBC (January 20, 2010). Retrieved February 6, 2017.
  54. ^ History Archived February 11, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Sun Life Stadium. Retrieved June 19, 2012.
  55. ^ Evans, Simon (May 8, 2009). "Dolphin Stadium renamed Land Shark Stadium". Reuters. Retrieved May 9, 2009.
  56. ^ Sun Life stadium named. Sunlifestadium.com. (January 20, 2010).
  57. ^ "Sun Life Financial to sell U.S. annuity business for US$1.35 billion".
  58. ^ Jackson, Barry (August 14, 2015). "Heat adds center; Dolphins Friday analysis, postscripts; New stadium name coming; Loria rejects overtures; Marlins issues; Heat". The Miami Herald. Retrieved August 15, 2015.
  59. ^ "PRESS RELEASE: Hard Rock International and Miami Dolphins Announce Stadium Naming Rights Agreement" (Press release). Miami Dolphins. August 17, 2016. Retrieved December 16, 2016.
  60. ^ "Miami Dolphins sell stadium naming rights to Hard Rock International". Sun Sentinel. Tronc. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
  61. ^ "Is Hard Rock Stadium a Strange Naming Rights Deal?". Inc. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
  62. ^ "FSU Fans Are Already Trolling UM Over Hard Rock Stadium Name". Miami New Times. Retrieved September 22, 2016.

External links

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Home of the
Miami Dolphins

1987 – present
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2008 – present
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first ballpark
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1999 Orange Bowl

The 1999 Orange Bowl a 1998-1999 BCS game was played on January 2, 1999. This 65th edition of the Orange Bowl (the last one ever played at the Miami Orange Bowl) featured the Syracuse Orange, and the Florida Gators. Florida came into the game with a 9-2 record, whereas Syracuse was 8-3. Consequently, the Gators were favorites playing in their home state.

Florida came out of the gates swinging, with quarterback Doug Johnson throwing two touchdown passes to wide receiver Travis Taylor creating a 14-0 Florida lead. Syracuse got on the scoreboard in the second quarter following a field goal to close the gap to 14-3. Florida added two more touchdowns before the half to widen the gap to 28-3.

Florida continued to dominate the game, before giving up a 62 yard touchdown from quarterback Donovan McNabb to wide receiver Maurice Jackson, with only 3 minutes left in the game. Florida then ran out the clock to finish the game. Florida, whose only two losses came against top 2 opponents, cranked out over 400 yards of total offense. Travis Taylor was named MVP, after catching 7 passes for 159 yards and two touchdowns. Running back Terry Jackson rushed for 108 yards on 21 carries.

This Orange Bowl was played at the Miami Orange Bowl because the Pro Player Stadium (Hard Rock Stadium) was being used for an NFL wild card playoff game; coincidentally, both the NFL game and the Orange Bowl were aired on the same network, ABC.

2012 Orange Bowl

The 2012 Discover Orange Bowl was a postseason college football bowl game on Wednesday, January 4, 2012, at Sun Life Stadium, now known as Hard Rock Stadium, in Miami Gardens, Florida. The West Virginia Mountaineers defeated the Clemson Tigers by a score of 70–33. West Virginia tied or broke eight separate team and individual bowl game records, while the combined 69 points West Virginia and Clemson scored in the first half set another new record. The game was part of the 2011–2012 Bowl Championship Series of the 2011 NCAA Division I FBS football season and was the concluding game of the season for both teams.

2016 Miami Dolphins season

The 2016 Miami Dolphins season was the franchise's 47th season in the National Football League, the 51st overall and the first under head coach Adam Gase. The season saw the Dolphins trying to improve upon their 6–10 record from 2015. After a lackluster 1–4 start, the Dolphins would claim six straight wins, and finish the season on a 9–2 run. With their Week 15 win over the New York Jets, the Dolphins clinched a winning record for the first time since 2008, and clinched a playoff berth the following week after the Kansas City Chiefs defeated the Denver Broncos, ending their 8-year playoff drought. This made Gase the Dolphins' first rookie coach since Tony Sparano to end a year-long playoff drought and also lead them to a winning record of at least 10 wins. They were also the first AFC East team, other than the New England Patriots, to qualify for the postseason since the 2010 New York Jets. However, they were defeated by the Pittsburgh Steelers in the Wild Card round, ending their season and not winning a playoff game for the 15th straight year.

2016 Miami Hurricanes football team

The 2016 Miami Hurricanes football team represented the University of Miami during the 2016 NCAA Division I FBS football season. It was the Hurricanes' 91st season of football and 13th as a member of the Atlantic Coast Conference. The Hurricanes were led by first-year head coach Mark Richt and played their home games at Hard Rock Stadium. They finished the season 9–4 overall and 5–3 in the ACC to finish in a three-way tie for second place in the Coastal Division. They were invited to the Russell Athletic Bowl where they defeated West Virginia, 31-14.

2016 Orange Bowl

The 2016 Orange Bowl was a college football bowl game played on December 30, 2016 at Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida, played between the Michigan Wolverines of the Big Ten Conference against the Florida State Seminoles of the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC). It was one of the 2016–17 bowl games that concluded the 2016 NCAA Division I FBS football season. Florida State won the game by a score of 33–32. Dalvin Cook, running back for the Seminoles, was named the game's MVP.

The game was played on the 30th instead of on December 31 or January 1, as the following day's College Football Playoff semi-final bowls were played with earlier kick-off times that intruded into the New Year's Six early-afternoon scheduling window.

2017 Miami Dolphins season

The 2017 Miami Dolphins season was the franchise's 48th season in the National Football League, the 52nd overall and the second under head coach Adam Gase. The team came off from a 10–6 record and a playoff appearance for the first time since 2008. They were seen as potential playoff contenders and looked to make consecutive playoff seasons for the first time since the 2000 and 2001 seasons. However, the team was affected by the loss of starting quarterback Ryan Tannehill, who tore his ACL during practice and was ruled out for the season. The team turned to former Bears quarterback Jay Cutler, who came out of retirement to become Tannehill's replacement. After Tannehill got injured, coach Adam Gase called former Denver Broncos quarterback Peyton Manning about possibly coming out of retirement and taking Tannehill's place. However Manning later declined the idea of coming out of retirement. Gase was the QB coach and offensive coordinator of Peyton's Broncos between the 2012 and 2014 seasons. Additionally, the Dolphins were also one of the teams Peyton considered signing with following his release by the Colts in 2012. Later during the season, the team traded starting running back Jay Ajayi to the eventual champion Philadelphia Eagles in exchange for a 2018 fourth round draft pick on October 31.

The team's Week 1 game against the Buccaneers was rescheduled to November 19 due to Hurricane Irma. Week 11 was originally the two teams' bye week. Week 1 would become the bye week for both teams and they wouldn’t play until Week 2.

The Dolphins struggled during the season and failed to improve on the previous season’s record after losing to the Patriots on Week 12 and were eliminated from the postseason after losing to the Chiefs in Week 16. They finished with a reverse record from the previous year, going 6–10. This was the Dolphins's fourteenth season missing the playoffs since the league's realignment in 2002.

2017 Miami Hurricanes football team

The 2017 Miami Hurricanes football team represented the University of Miami during the 2017 NCAA Division I FBS football season. It was the Hurricanes' 92nd season of football and 14th as a member of the Atlantic Coast Conference. The Hurricanes were led by second-year head coach Mark Richt and played their home games at Hard Rock Stadium. They finished the season 10–3 overall and 7–1 in the ACC to finish in first in the Coastal Division. They advanced to the ACC Championship Game where they lost to Clemson, 38–3. They were invited to the Orange Bowl where they lost to Wisconsin, 34–24.

2017 Orange Bowl

The 2017 Orange Bowl was a college football bowl game played on December 30, 2017 at the Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida. The contest was televised on ESPN with a radio broadcast on ESPN Radio, kickoff was at 8:00 PM (EST). It was one of the 2017–18 bowl games that concluded the 2017 FBS football season. The 84th Orange Bowl, the game was sponsored by the Capital One financial services organization, and was officially known as the Capital One Orange Bowl.

The 2017 Orange Bowl featured the Wisconsin Badgers (12–1), champions of the Big Ten Conference West Division, and the Miami Hurricanes (10–2), champions of the Atlantic Coast Conference Coastal Division. Wisconsin beat Miami by a score of 34–24.

2018 Miami Dolphins season

The 2018 season was the Miami Dolphins' 49th in the National Football League, their 53rd overall and their third and last under head coach Adam Gase. During the offseason, the Dolphins tweaked their uniforms and shade of orange to better align with their classical past and history. For the second straight season, they also brought back their throwback uniforms from the Shula/Marino eras and wore them for three games.

With quarterback Ryan Tannehill playing for the first time since 2016, the highlight of Dolphins' season came during a memorable Week 14 win against division rival and defending back-to-back AFC champion New England Patriots, which prevented the Patriots from clinching the AFC East that week. However, the Dolphins would lose all of their remaining games and missed the playoffs for the second consecutive year. The 7–9 finish was their first since 2012 and also the team's second consecutive losing season, with all 7 wins decided by one possession scores and not winning a playoff game for the 17th straight year.

2018 Miami Hurricanes football team

The 2018 Miami Hurricanes football team (variously "Miami", "The U", "UM", "'Canes") represented the University of Miami during the 2018 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The Hurricanes were led by third-year head coach Mark Richt and played their home games at Hard Rock Stadium. They competed as a member of the Coastal Division of the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC). They finished the season 7–6, 4–4 in ACC play to finish in a 3-way tie for 3rd in the Coastal Division. They were invited to the Pinstripe Bowl where they would lose to Wisconsin.

On December 30, 2018, Richt announced his retirement after 3 seasons at Miami and 18 overall as head coach. That same day, the school named Manny Diaz as their new head coach.

2018 Women's International Champions Cup

The 2018 International Champions Cup Women's Tournament was the first edition of a series of friendly women's association football matches. It took place from July 26 to 29, 2018.For the first time, the ICC included a women's tournament. Nearly a dozen of the regular ICC participant clubs expressed interest in sending their women's sides, but the inaugural women's tournament featured just four teams before expanding in the 2019 ICC. The 2018 tournament featured the semi-finals on July 26, followed by third place play-off and final on July 29, all four matches being held at Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida. The European participants joined for training sessions at the University of Portland before the tournament.

2019 Miami Dolphins season

The 2019 Miami Dolphins season will be the franchise's 50th season in the National Football League, the 54th overall and their first under new head coach Brian Flores. The Dolphins will attempt to improve on their 7–9 record from last season and finish with a winning record for the first time since 2016, winning a playoff game since 2000 and to be the first team to play in the Super Bowl in their home stadium. For the first time since 2011, quarterback Ryan Tannehill won’t be on the roster, as he was traded to the Tennessee Titans on March 15, 2019. The trade will reunite Tannehill with long-time Dolphin Cameron Wake, who signed with Tennessee via free agency 4 days prior.

2019 Miami Hurricanes football team

The 2019 Miami Hurricanes football team (variously "Miami", "The U", "UM", "'Canes") will represent the University of Miami during the 2019 NCAA Division I FBS football season. The Hurricanes will be led by first-year head coach Manny Diaz and will play their home games at Hard Rock Stadium, competing as a member of the Coastal Division of the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC).

Miami Dolphins

The Miami Dolphins are a professional American football team based in the Miami metropolitan area. The Dolphins compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the league's American Football Conference (AFC) East division. The Dolphins play their home games at Hard Rock Stadium in the northern suburb of Miami Gardens, Florida, and are headquartered in Davie, Florida. The Dolphins are Florida's oldest professional sports team. Of the four AFC East teams, they are the only team in the division that was not a charter member of the American Football League (AFL).

The Dolphins were founded by attorney-politician Joe Robbie and actor-comedian Danny Thomas. They began play in the AFL in 1966. The region had not had a professional football team since the days of the Miami Seahawks, who played in the All-America Football Conference in 1946, before becoming the first incarnation of the Baltimore Colts. For the first few years, the Dolphins' full-time training camp and practice facilities were at Saint Andrew's School, a private boys boarding prep school in Boca Raton. In the 1970 AFL–NFL merger, the Dolphins joined the NFL.

The team made its first Super Bowl appearance in Super Bowl VI, losing to the Dallas Cowboys, 24–3. The following year, the Dolphins completed the NFL's only perfect season, culminating in a Super Bowl win, winning all 14 of their regular season games, and all three of their playoff games, including Super Bowl VII. They were the third NFL team to accomplish a perfect regular season. The next year, the Dolphins won Super Bowl VIII, becoming the first team to appear in three consecutive Super Bowls, and the second team (the first AFL/AFC team) to win back-to-back championships. Miami also appeared in Super Bowl XVII and Super Bowl XIX, losing both games.

For most of their early history, the Dolphins were coached by Don Shula, the most successful head coach in professional football history in terms of total games won. Under Shula, the Dolphins posted losing records in only two of his 26 seasons as the head coach. During the period spanning 1983 to the end of 1999, quarterback Dan Marino became one of the most prolific passers in NFL history, breaking numerous league passing records. Marino led the Dolphins to five division titles, 10 playoff appearances and Super Bowl XIX before retiring following the 1999 season.

In 2008, the Dolphins became the first team in NFL history to win their division and make a playoff appearance following a league-worst 1–15 season. That same season, the Dolphins upset the 16–0 New England Patriots on the road during Week 3, handing the Patriots' their first regular season loss since December 10, 2006, in which coincidentally, they were also beaten by the Dolphins.

Miami Dolphins Cheerleaders

The Miami Dolphins Cheerleaders is the professional cheerleading squad of the Miami Dolphins of the National Football League. The squad performs a variety of dance moves at the Hard Rock Stadium, the home stadium of the Dolphins. The Dolphins Cheerleaders released an annual swimsuit calendar every year. The squad hosts auditions every May. Like most other squads in the league, the MDC also has a youth cheer squad. The squad also makes USO trips. Every year, the MDC sends a cheerleader to the Pro Bowl. The MDC also sends a number of alumni to the Indian Premier League every year.

Miami Dolphins Honor Roll

The Miami Dolphins Honor Roll is a ring around the second tier at Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida, which honors former players, coaches, contributors, and officials who have made significant contributions to the Miami Dolphins franchise.

The Miami Dolphins Honor Roll was started on September 16, 1990 with its first inductee being the owner/founder of the Miami Dolphins: Joe Robbie, who died one year prior to his induction.

Since then, 23 players, and two coaches have been inducted into the honor roll, along with a special induction to honor the 1972 Undefeated Team, which was inducted in 1992 at the 20th anniversary. Inductions included a special "four individual" induction in 1990 to honor the first four Miami Dolphins Hall of Famers of Csonka, Langer, Griese, and Warfield.

There have also been special "dual" inductions: In 2003, the "Marks Brothers" of WRs Mark Clayton and Mark Duper were inducted. In 2008, a special "dual" induction honored two members of the famed "Killer B's" defense with DT Bob Baumhower and DE Doug Betters. In 2010, a "dual" induction of two defensive stars on Miami's 1972 undefeated team - S Jake Scott and DE Bill Stanfill - were inducted. In 2012, a special "dual" induction of two all-time Dolphin fan-favorites, defensive stars from the mid-late 1990s/early 2000s - LB Zach Thomas and DE Jason Taylor - were also inducted.

In 1992 at the 20th anniversary, Miami's "1972 Undefeated Team" was enshrined into the Honor Roll. At the 40th anniversary, which enshrined former defensive coordinator Bill Arnsparger into the Honor Roll, his name went on the Honor Roll where the "1972 Undefeated Team" inductee previously and originally was enshrined, and an updated "1972 Perfect Season Team 17-0" inductee was put into one corner of Hard Rock Stadium with special placards of Super Bowl VII and Super Bowl VIII included next to it on each side.

Miami Dolphins Honor Roll inductees are chosen by current members of the honor roll as well as current franchise officials.

Miami Orange Bowl

The Miami Orange Bowl was an outdoor athletic stadium in the southeastern United States, located in Miami, Florida, west of downtown in Little Havana. Considered a landmark, it was the home stadium for the Miami Hurricanes college football team, and the professional Miami Dolphins for their first 21 seasons, until the opening of Joe Robbie Stadium (now Hard Rock Stadium) in nearby Miami Gardens in 1987. The stadium was the temporary home of the FIU Golden Panthers while its FIU Stadium underwent expansion during the 2007 season.

Originally known as Burdine Stadium when opened in 1937, it was renamed in 1959 for the Orange Bowl college football bowl game which was played at the venue following every season from 1938 to 1996. The event was moved to Pro Player Stadium (now Hard Rock Stadium) beginning on December 31, 1996. In January 1999, it returned to the Orange Bowl for one final time due to a scheduling conflict. The minor league Miami Marlins baseball team occasionally played games in the Orange Bowl from 1956 to 1960.

The stadium was on a large block bounded by Northwest 3rd Street (south), Northwest 16th Avenue (west), Northwest 6th Street (north) and Northwest 14th Avenue (east, the open end of the stadium).

The Orange Bowl was demolished in 2008 and the site is now Marlins Park, the home ballpark of the current incarnation of the Miami Marlins (formerly the Florida Marlins), which opened in 2012.

Super Bowl LIV

Super Bowl LIV, the 54th Super Bowl and the 50th modern-era National Football League (NFL) championship game, will decide the league champion for the league's 2019 and 100th season. The game is scheduled to be played on February 2, 2020 in Miami Gardens, Florida. This will be the 11th Super Bowl hosted by the South Florida region and the sixth Super Bowl hosted in Miami Gardens, with the last one being Super Bowl XLIV ten years earlier.

Tom Garfinkel

Tom Garfinkel is the vice-chair, president and chief executive officer of the Miami Dolphins and Hard Rock Stadium (previously Sun Life Stadium), having been named to the position on September 9, 2013.

In his role, Garfinkel is responsible for all business operations of the Dolphins and Hard Rock Stadium, including all budget responsibility. Garfinkel during his time with the franchise and facility has been at the helm of the initiation, creation and execution of a plan to privately fund a more than $500 million renovation of a 27-year-old stadium. Under his leadership, there has been unprecedented ticket sales revenue growth and three years of consecutive regular season sell-outs. He has overseen the creation of an in-house creative content team that resulted in more than 240 million social media video views in 2017, the most in the NFL, as well as five Emmy awards and two Clio Awards.

Hard Rock Stadium has won the bid for both the 2020 Super Bowl and 2021 College Football Playoff National Championship game . The facility under Garfinkel also hosted the highest grossing soccer event in U.S. history in July 2017 (E l Clasico Miami: Real Madrid vs. Barcelona) and welcomes the Miami Open tennis tournament in 2019 through a partnership with IMG/WME.

Garfinkel joined the Dolphins after working with the San Diego Padres from 2009 to 2013.[2] He was named to the post of president and chief operating officer in April 2009 and was promoted to chief executive officer in April 2012.During his tenure with the Padres, Garfinkel led an executive team that grew local revenues and attendance, improved and innovated concessions, implemented new wi-fi throughout the ballpark, and executed a new local TV contract worth over $1.2B.[4]

Prior to joining the Padres, Garfinkel was Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of the Arizona Diamondbacks. During his tenure there, he built a long-term strategic plan for the franchise, led the rebranding of the club and updating of Chase Field, and in 2008 led a team that produced the highest controllable revenues in the franchise's history.

Prior to joining the Diamondbacks, Garfinkel spent five years with Chip Ganassi Racing Teams as Executive Vice President, overseeing all business operations of the 400-employee company. Garfinkel's background also includes time at Texaco where he managed sponsorship and corporate branding, and at Miller Brewing Company in strategic marketing and sales. He grew up in Walnut Creek, California and attended Las Lomas High School. He then attended the University of Colorado at Boulder and received an MBA from the Ross School of Business at the University of Michigan.

He serves on the board of the Dolphins Cancer Challenge , which has garnered more than $25 million to date in donations for Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami; the largest such fundraiser in the NFL. Garfinkel also is on the Steering Committee of the Marjory Stoneman Douglas Victims’ Fund, the Gulliver School's Board of Trustees and the Sports Management Advisory Board and Ross School of Business Advisory Board at the University of Michigan.

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