Happy Feet

Happy Feet is a 2006 computer-animated musical comedy film directed, produced, and co-written by George Miller. It stars the voices of Elijah Wood, Robin Williams, Brittany Murphy, Hugh Jackman, Nicole Kidman, Hugo Weaving, and E.G. Daily. An international co-production between the United States and Australia, the film was produced at Sydney-based visual effects and animation studio Animal Logic for Warner Bros., Village Roadshow Pictures, and Kingdom Feature Productions, and was released in North American theaters on November 17, 2006. It is the first animated film produced by Kennedy Miller and Animal Logic.

Though primarily an animated film, the film does incorporate motion capture of live action humans in certain scenes. The film was simultaneously released in both conventional theatres and in IMAX 2D format.[3] The studio had hinted that a future IMAX 3D release was a possibility. However, Warner Bros., the film's production company, was on too tight a budget to release Happy Feet in IMAX digital 3D.[4]

Happy Feet received generally positive reviews from critics, and won the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature, a first for Warner Bros., as well as the BAFTA Award for Best Animated Film.[5] It was nominated for the Annie Award for Best Animated Feature and the Saturn Award for Best Animated Film. A sequel, Happy Feet Two, was released on November 18, 2011.

Happy Feet
Happy Feet Poster
Theatrical release poster
Directed byGeorge Miller
Produced by
Written by
Music byJohn Powell
CinematographyDavid Peers
Edited by
Distributed by
Release date
  • 17 November 2006 (North America)
  • 26 December 2006 (Australia)
Running time
108 minutes
  • United States
  • Australia
Budget$100 million[2]
Box office$384.3 million[2]


Every emperor penguin sings a unique song called a "heartsong" to attract a mate. If the male penguin's heartsong matches the female's song, the two penguins mate. Norma Jean, a female penguin, falls for Memphis, a male penguin and they become mates. They lay an egg, which is left in Memphis' care, while Norma Jean leaves with the other females to fish. While the males struggle through the harsh winter, Memphis briefly drops the egg. As a result, their son, Mumble, is unable to sing, but he can tap dance instead. Nevertheless, he is enamored with Gloria, a female penguin who is regarded as the most talented of her age. One day, Mumble encounters a group of hostile skua, with a leader who is tagged with a yellow band, which he says is from an alien abduction. Mumble narrowly escapes the hungry birds by falling into a crevice.

Now a young adult, Mumble is frequently ridiculed by the elders. After escaping from a leopard seal attack, Mumble befriends a group of Adelie penguins called "the Amigos", who embrace Mumble's dance moves and assimilate him into their group. After seeing a hidden human excavator in an avalanche, they opt to ask Lovelace, a rockhopper penguin, about its origin. Lovelace has the plastic rings of a six pack entangled around his neck, which he claims have been bestowed upon him by mystic beings.

For the emperor penguins, it is mating season and Gloria is the center of attention. Ramón, one of the Amigos, attempts to help Mumble win her affection by singing a Spanish version of "My Way", with Mumble lip syncing, but the plan fails, and Gloria finds it embarrassing. In desperation, Mumble begins tap dancing in synch with her song. She falls for him and the youthful penguins join in for singing and dancing to "Boogie Wonderland". The elders are appalled by Mumble's conduct, which they see as the reason for their lean fishing season. Memphis begs Mumble to stop dancing, for his own sake, but when Mumble refuses, he is exiled, prompting him to curse revenge on the elders for their blind belief.

Mumble and the Amigos return to Lovelace, only to find him being choked by the plastic rings. Lovelace confesses they were snagged on him while swimming off the forbidden shores, beyond the land of the elephant seals. Not long into their journey, they are met by Gloria, who wishes to join with Mumble as his mate. Fearing for her safety, he ridicules Gloria, driving her away.

At the forbidden shore, the group finds a fishing boat. Mumble pursues it solo to the brink of exhaustion. He is eventually washed up on the shore of Australia, where he is rescued and kept at Marine World with Magellanic penguins. After a long and secluded confinement in addition to fruitlessly trying to communicate with the humans, he nearly succumbs to madness. When a girl attempts to interact with Mumble by tapping the glass, he starts dancing, which attracts a large crowd. He is released back into the wild, with a tracking device attached to his back. He returns to his colony and challenges the will of the elders. Memphis reconciles with him, just as a research team arrives, proving the claims of the existence of "aliens" to be true. The whole of the colony, even Noah the leader of the elders, engages in dance.

The research team returns their expedition footage, prompting a worldwide debate. The governments realize they are overfishing, leading to the banning of all Antarctic fishing. At this, the emperor penguins and the Amigos celebrate.


Elijah Wood, Robin Williams, Brittany Murphy and Nicole Kidman at the film's European premiere in London, UK.

Happy Feet Premiere (307976990)
Happy Feet Premiere (307987303)
Happy Feet Premiere (3)
Happy Feet Premiere (307982333)


George Miller cites as an initial inspiration for the film an encounter with a grizzled old cameraman, whose father was Frank Hurley of the Shackleton expeditions, during the shooting of Mad Max 2: "We were sitting in this bar, having a milkshake, and he looked across at me and said, ‘Antarctica.’ He'd shot a documentary there. He said, ‘You’ve got to make a film in Antarctica. It’s just like out here, in the wasteland. It’s spectacular.’ And that always stuck in my head.”[6]

Happy Feet was also partially inspired by earlier documentaries such as the BBC's Life in the Freezer.[7] In 2001, during an otherwise non-sequitur meeting, Doug Mitchell impulsively presented Warner Bros., studio president Alan Horn with an early rough draft of the film's screenplay, and asked them to read it while he and Miller flew back to Australia. By the time they'd landed, Warner had decided to provide funding on the film. Production was slated to begin sometime after the completion of the fourth Mad Max film, Fury Road, but geo-political complications pushed Happy Feet to the forefront in early 2003.

An earlier cut of the film seems to have included a large subplot regarding aliens in the extraterrestrial sense, whose presence was made gradually more and more known throughout, and who were planning to siphon off the planet's resources gradually, placing the humans in the same light as the penguins. At the end, through the plight of the main character, their hand is stayed and, instead, first contact is made. This was chopped out during the last year of production, and has yet to see the light of day in a finished form, although concept art from these sequences were showcased at the Siggraph 2007 demonstration,[8] and are available online, as well.

The animation is invested heavily in motion capture technology, with the dance scenes acted out by human dancers. The tap-dancing for Mumble in particular was provided by Savion Glover who was also co-choreographer for the dance sequences.[9] The dancers went through "Penguin School" to learn how to move like a penguin, and also wore head apparatus to mimic a penguin's beak.[10]

Happy Feet needed an enormous group of computers, and Animal Logic worked with IBM to build a server farm with sufficient processing potential. The film took four years to make. Ben Gunsberger, Lighting Supervisor and VFX Department Supervisor, says this was partly because they needed to build new infrastructure and tools. The server farm used IBM BladeCenter framework and BladeCenter HS20 blade servers, which are extremely dense separate computer units each with two Intel Xeon processors. Rendering took up 17 million CPU hours over a nine-month period.[11]

According to Miller, the environmental message was not a major part of the original script, but "In Australia, we're very, very aware of the ozone hole," he said, "and Antarctica is literally the canary in the coal mine for this stuff. So it sort of had to go in that direction." This influence led to a film with a more environmental tone. Miller said, "You can't tell a story about Antarctica and the penguins without giving that dimension."[12]

The film was dedicated to the memory of Nick Enright, Michael Jonson, Robby McNeilly Green, and Steve Irwin.


Happy Feet is a jukebox musical, taking previously recorded songs and working them into the film's soundtrack to fit with the mood of the scene or character. Two soundtrack albums were released for the film; one containing songs from and inspired by the film, and another featuring John Powell's instrumental score. They were released on October 31, 2006 and December 19, 2006, respectively.

Prince's "Song of the Heart" won the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song. The film won Golden Trailer Award for Best Music.[13] The song was written by Prince specifically for Happy Feet shortly after he was given a private screening of the film in order to gain his approval for the use of his song "Kiss" in a musical number.[14] Prince enjoyed the film, gave his approval for the use of "Kiss" and offered to write an original song for the production, which he completed a week later.[14]


Happy Feet: Music from the Motion Picture
Soundtrack album by
Various Artists
ReleasedOctober 31, 2006
GenreSoundtrack, pop, rock, R&B, hip hop
LabelWarner Sunset, Atlantic
ProducerJohn Powell, George Miller
Happy Feet soundtrack chronology
Happy Feet: Music from the Motion Picture
Happy Feet: Original Score
Singles from Happy Feet
  1. "The Song of the Heart"
    Released: 2006
  2. "Hit Me Up"
    Released: January 22, 2007 (CD Single)
    January 29, 2007 (Digital Download)

Happy Feet: Music from the Motion Picture is the lyrical soundtrack album from the 2006 animated film Happy Feet. As of March 2007, the OST has sold over 272,627 copies in the US.

Happy Feet: Music from the Motion Picture[15]
1."The Song of the Heart"PrincePrince4:35
2."Hit Me Up"Brian Kierulf, Josh Schwartz & Gia FarrellGia Farrell3:16
3."Tell Me Something Good"Stevie WonderPink3:08
4."Somebody to Love"Freddie MercuryBrittany Murphy3:47
5."I Wish"Stevie WonderPatti LaBelle, Yolanda Adams and Fantasia Barrino3:31
6."Jump N' Move"Simon Bartholomew, Jan Kincaid, Andrew Levy & Jamal MitchellThe Brand New Heavies (featuring Jamalski)3:18
7."Do It Again"Brian Wilson & Mike LoveThe Beach Boys2:24
8."The Joker mash-up with Everything I Own""The Joker" by Steve Miller, Eddie Curtis & Ahmet Ertegün;
"Everything I Own" by David Gates
"The Joker" by Jason Mraz;
"Everything I Own" by Chrissie Hynde
9."My Way (A Mi Manera)"Paul Anka, Jacques Revaux, Claude François & Gilles ThibaultRobin Williams1:44
10."Kiss mash-up with Heartbreak Hotel""Kiss" by Prince;
"Heartbreak Hotel" by Mae Boren Axton, Thomas Durden, and Elvis Presley
"Kiss by Nicole Kidman;
"Heartbreak Hotel" by Hugh Jackman
11."Boogie Wonderland"Allee Willis & Jonathan LindBrittany Murphy5:07
12."Golden Slumbers / The End"Paul McCartneyk.d. lang4:16
13."The Story of Mumble Happy Feet"John Powell 5:50
Total length:47:37


Box office

The film opened at #1 in the United States on its first weekend of release (November 17–19) grossing $41.6 million and beating Casino Royale for the top spot.[16] It remained #1 for the Thanksgiving weekend, making $51.6 million over the five-day period. In total, the film was the top grosser for three weeks, a 2006 box office feat matched only by Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest. As of June 8, 2008, Happy Feet has grossed $198.0 million in the U.S. and $186.3 million overseas, making about $384.3 million worldwide. Happy Feet was the third highest grossing animated film in the U.S., behind Cars and Ice Age: The Meltdown. The film has been released in about 35 international territories at the close of 2006.[17][18]

The production budget was $100 million.[2]

Critical reception

Happy Feet received generally positive reviews from critics. On review aggregator site Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a 75% "Certified Fresh" score based on 161 reviews, with an average rating of 6.9/10. The site's consensus was "Visually dazzling, with a thoughtful storyline and catchy musical numbers, Happy Feet marks a successful animated debut from the makers of Babe."[19] Metacritic reports a 77 out of 100 rating, based on 30 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[20]


The film garnered analysis and dissection from various critics. Film critic Yar Habnegnal wrote an essay in Forum on Contemporary Art and Society that examines the themes of encroachment presented throughout the film, as well as various other subtexts and themes, such as religious hierarchy and interracial tensions.[21] Vadim Rizov of the Independent Film Channel sees Mumble as just the latest in a long line of cinematic religious mavericks.

On a technical or formal level, the film has also been lauded in some corners for its innovative introduction of Miller's roving style of subjective cinematography into contemporary animation.

Home media

Happy Feet was released on home media on March 27, 2007[22] in the United States in three formats; DVD (in separate widescreen and pan and scan editions), Blu-ray Disc, and an HD DVD/DVD combo pack.[23]

Among the DVD's special features is a scene that was cut from the film where Mumble meets a blue whale and an albatross. The albatross was Steve Irwin's first voice role in the film before he voiced the elephant seal in the final cut. The scene was finished and included on the DVD in Irwin's memory. This scene is done in Irwin's classic documentary style, with the albatross telling the viewer all about the other characters in the scene, and the impact people are having on their environment.


The film appeared on numerous critics' top ten lists of the best films of 2006.[24][25]

Award Category Winner/Nominee Result
Academy Awards Best Animated Feature Won
American Film Institute Awards Honored as one of the Top Ten Best Films of the Year Won
Annie Awards Best Animated Feature George Miller Nominated
Best Writing in an Animated Feature Production George Miller, John Collee, Judy Morris, and Warren Coleman Nominated
British Academy Children's Awards Best Feature Film Won
British Academy Film Awards Best Animated Feature Film Won
Golden Globe Awards Best Animated Feature Film Nominated
Best Original Song "Song of the Heart" by Prince Won
Golden Trailer Awards[26] Best Music Won
Grammy Awards Best Score Soundtrack Album for Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media John Powell Nominated
Best Song Written for Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media "The Song of the Heart", Prince Nominated
Kids' Choice Awards Favorite Animated Movie Won
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Awards Best Animation Won
New York Film Critics Circle Awards Best Animated Film Won
Satellite Awards Best Motion Picture, Animated or Mixed Media Nominated
Saturn Awards Best Animated Film Nominated

Video games

A video game based on the film was developed by A2M and published by Midway Games. It has the same main cast as the film. It was released for the PC, PlayStation 2, GameCube, GBA, NDS, and Wii.[27]

Artificial Life, Inc. has also developed a mobile game for the Japan market.[28]



Happy Feet Two was produced at Dr. D Studios[29] and released on November 18, 2011. Wood and Williams reprised their roles for the sequel. Murphy was set to reprise her role and begin recording sometime in 2010,[30] but was replaced by P!nk after Murphy died from pneumonia on December 20, 2009. Matt Damon and Brad Pitt signed on as Bill the Krill and Will the Krill respectively.[31][32]

In an interview with Collider.com, Miller mentioned the small possibility of Happy Feet Three, stating that if he came up with an idea for a third film, that he and his studio would produce it if they both agreed the idea was better than the first two. As of now, however, he has yet to mention if he has any ideas for a third film since the interview.[33]

4-D attraction

Happy Feet 4-D Experience is a 12-minute 4D film shown at various 4D theaters over the world. It retells the condensed story of Happy Feet with the help of 3D projection and sensory effects, including moving seats, wind, mist and scents. Produced by SimEx-Iwerks, the 4D experience premiered in March 2010 at the Drayton Manor Theme Park.[34] Other locations included Sea World (2010–2011),[35] Shedd Aquarium (2010–2012),[36] Moody Gardens (2010–2011),[37] Nickelodeon Suites Resort,[38] and Adventure Aquarium.[39]

See also


  1. ^ "Film Distribution - Village Roadshow Limited". Village Roadshow Pictures. February 11, 2014. Archived from the original on 25 February 2014. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  2. ^ a b c "Happy Feet (2006)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
  3. ^ "Happy Feet: The IMAX Experience". IMAX. Archived from the original on 5 November 2006. Retrieved 15 March 2007.
  4. ^ "Happy Feet Won't Debut in IMAX 3-D". VFXWorld. Retrieved March 15, 2007.
  5. ^ Reid, Joe (November 14, 2014). "Big Hero 6's Big Oscar Chances". The Atlantic. Retrieved 18 September 2015. Warner Brothers is far less pedigreed in this category, only having ever won with Happy Feet in 2006,
  6. ^ "The filmmaker behind the 'Mad Max' and 'Babe' franchises turns his attention to musical fowl" Archived 19 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine. In Focus. Retrieved November 13, 2010.
  7. ^ "Penguin suits up for a cinema hit". The Australian. Retrieved March 28, 2008.
  8. ^ (August 6, 2007). Live from the Happy Feet discussion at Siggraph 2007 . Retrieved November 13, 2010.
  9. ^ Savion Glover (2007). Happy Feet (DVD). Warner Brothers.
  10. ^ Kelley Abbey (2007). Happy Feet (DVD). Warner Brothers.
  11. ^ "Animal Logic builds rendering farm with IBM eServer BladeCenter". IBM Australia. Retrieved February 1, 2010.
  12. ^ Kelly, Kate (17 November 2006). "The New Animated Film Happy Feet Doesn't Dance Around Serious Issues". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 15, 2007.
  13. ^ "The Winners of the 7th Annual Golden Trailer Awards". Golden Trailer. June 1, 2006. Archived from the original on 11 February 2007. Retrieved April 29, 2017.
  14. ^ a b "Prince Returns to Hollywood With 'Happy Feet': 365 Prince Songs in a Year". Diffuser.fm. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  15. ^ Gwin, Scott (2006). "REVIEW - Happy Feet: Music From The Motion Picture". Cinema Blend. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  16. ^ Weekend Box Office Results for November 17–19, 2006. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 13, 2010.
  17. ^ Happy Feet (2006) - Weekend Box Office Results. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 13, 2010.
  18. ^ Weekend Box Office Results for February 1–3, 2008. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 13, 2010.
  19. ^ "Happy Feet (2006)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved November 13, 2010.
  20. ^ "Happy Feet reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
  21. ^ Yar Habnegnal on Happy Feet. Scribd.com. Retrieved November 13, 2010.
  22. ^ "Happy Feet (2006) - Elijah Wood, Nicole Kidman, Hugh Jackman" Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
  23. ^ "Happy Feet to Dance on Blu-ray, HD DVD This March | High-Def Digest". Retrieved January 2, 2011.
  24. ^ "Film Critic Top Ten List, 2006 Critics' Picks". Archived from the original on 3 January 2007. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
  25. ^ "The Critics". Archived from the original on 6 January 2010. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
  26. ^ Golden Trailer Awards Archived 11 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2 January 2011.
  27. ^ Happy Feet. Midway.com. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
  28. ^ (2007-04-24). Parthajit; "Happy Feet Goes Mobile". Softpedia. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
  29. ^ "About Dr. D Studios". Retrieved November 13, 2010.
  30. ^ Byrnes, Holly; Crawford, Carly (December 21, 2009). "Brittany Murphy planned to have New Year in Australia". News.com.au. Retrieved December 17, 2012.
  31. ^ (January 19, 2010). "Matt Damon, Brad Pitt to Voice Characters in Happy Feet Sequel" Archived 24 January 2010 at the Wayback Machine. ShowbizSpy.com. Retrieved November 13, 2010.
  32. ^ "Happy Feet 2's first look at Pitt, Damon". RTÉ Ten. September 30, 2011. Retrieved October 13, 2011.
  33. ^ Christina Radish (November 16, 2011). "Director George Miller Talks HAPPY FEET TWO, MAD MAX, and JUSTICE LEAGUE". collider.com. Retrieved January 21, 2012.
  34. ^ "Drayton Manor to open Happy Feet 4D attraction on March 20". Theme Park Tourist. March 2, 2010. Retrieved December 10, 2010.
  35. ^ "Happy Feet 3-D (Sea World)". Parkz. Retrieved July 14, 2013.
  36. ^ "4D Theater". Shedd Aquarium. Archived from the original on 9 December 2010. Retrieved December 10, 2010.
  37. ^ "Virtual Reality Theater". Moody Gardens. Archived from the original on 9 December 2010. Retrieved December 10, 2010.
  38. ^ "Orlando Theater and 4-D Experience". Nickelodeon Suites Resort. Archived from the original on 10 December 2010. Retrieved December 10, 2010.
  39. ^ "4D Theater". Adventure Aquarium. Archived from the original on 10 December 2010. Retrieved December 10, 2010.
  40. ^ "NY Times: March of the Penguins". The New York Times. Retrieved November 23, 2008.

External links

60th British Academy Film Awards

The 60th British Academy Film Awards, given by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, took place on 11 February 2007 and honoured the best films of 2006.

The Queen won Best Film and Best Actress for Helen Mirren. Paul Greengrass won Best Director for United 93, which also won Best Editing. Forest Whitaker won Best Actor for The Last King of Scotland, which also won Outstanding British Film and Best Adapted Screenplay. The ceremony also featured the inaugural BAFTA Award for Best Animated Film, which was awarded to Happy Feet, directed by George Miller.

Animal Logic

Animal Logic is an Australian animation and visual effects digital studio based at Fox Studios in Sydney, Yaletown, Vancouver in Canada, and Rideback Ranch in Los Angeles, California. Established in 1991, Animal Logic has produced visual effects and animation for feature films such as the Academy Award-winning Happy Feet, Legend of the Guardians: The Owls of Ga'Hoole, Walking with Dinosaurs 3D, The Lego Movie and Peter Rabbit. The company was also recognized for its work as lead visual effects vendor on Baz Luhrmann’s The Great Gatsby, which won Outstanding Achievement in Visual Effects at the 3rd AACTA Awards ceremony. In 2018, Peter Rabbit was presented with a range of accolades, including the AACTA Award for Best Visual Effects or Animation, and Australian Production Design Guild Awards (APDG) in Visual Effects Design and Drawing, Concept Illustration & Concept Models for Screen. Most recently, the company has produced work for the Warner Animation Group's The Lego Movie 2: The Second Part and Marvel Studios' Captain Marvel.

Initially, Animal Logic's core business was the design and production of high-end visual effects for commercials and television programs, and early success within these fields provided a platform for expansion into feature film work. Animal Logic went on to produce visual effects for many large budget feature film projects, including Babe, Babe: Pig in the City, The Matrix, Moulin Rouge!, Hero, House of Flying Daggers, Planet of the Apes, Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, World Trade Center, Fool's Gold, 300, Knowing, Australia, Sucker Punch, The Great Gatsby, and more.

Bridge of Light (song)

"Bridge of Light" is a song by American singer-songwriter Pink. It was released on December 2, 2011 by Sony Music. The song was written by Pink and long-time collaborator Billy Mann and serves as the theme song to the 2011 film Happy Feet Two. The song was a moderate success and became a top 10 hit in Austria, Belgium, Germany and Switzerland, but failed to chart high in other countries due to minimal promotion.

Brittany Murphy

Brittany Murphy-Monjack (born Brittany Anne Bertolotti; November 10, 1977 – December 20, 2009), was an American actress and singer. A native of Atlanta, Murphy moved to Los Angeles as a teenager and pursued a career in acting. Her breakthrough role was as Tai Frasier in Clueless (1995), followed by supporting roles in independent films such as Freeway (1996) and Bongwater (1998). She made her stage debut in a Broadway production of Arthur Miller's A View from the Bridge in 1997, before appearing as Daisy Randone in Girl, Interrupted (1999) and as Lisa Swenson in Drop Dead Gorgeous (1999).

In the 2000s Murphy appeared in Don't Say a Word (2001) alongside Michael Douglas, and alongside Eminem in 8 Mile (2002), for which she gained critical recognition. Her later roles included Riding in Cars with Boys (2001), Spun (2002), Uptown Girls (2003), Sin City (2005), and Happy Feet (2006). Murphy also voiced Luanne Platter on the animated television series King of the Hill (1997–2009). Her final film, Something Wicked, was released in April 2014.

In December 2009, Murphy died of pneumonia at the age of 32.

Colin Gibson (production designer)

Colin Gibson is an Australian production designer. He is known for his collaborations with George Miller, including Babe, Babe 2: Pig in the City, Happy Feet, Happy Feet Two, and Mad Max: Fury Road, the latter of which resulted in winning the Academy Award for Best Production Design and a AACTA Award. Gibson's other work includes The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert, for which he shared a BAFTA award nomination with Owen Paterson.

Elijah Wood

Elijah Jordan Wood (born January 28, 1981) is an American actor, film producer, and DJ. He is known for portraying Frodo Baggins in the Lord of the Rings film trilogy (2001–2003).

Wood made his film debut in 1989 with a small part in Back to the Future Part II. He went on to achieve recognition as a child actor with roles in Avalon (1990), Paradise (1991), Radio Flyer, Forever Young (both 1992), The Adventures of Huck Finn and The Good Son (both 1993). As a teenager, he starred in films such as North, The War (both 1994), Flipper (1996), The Ice Storm (1997), Deep Impact and The Faculty (both 1998). Following the success of Lord of the Rings, Wood has appeared in a wide range of films, including Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (2004), Sin City, Green Street, Everything Is Illuminated (all 2005), Paris, je t'aime, Bobby (both 2006), Celeste and Jesse Forever, Maniac (both 2012), Grand Piano (2013), The Last Witch Hunter (2015), The Trust (2016), and I Don't Feel at Home in This World Anymore (2017).

Wood's voice work includes the role of Mumble in Happy Feet (2006) and its sequel; the title character in 9 (2009); and Spyro in the Legend of Spyro video game trilogy (2006–2008). In addition, he provided the voice of Beck on Disney XD's Tron: Uprising (2012–2013), and Wirt in the Cartoon Network miniseries Over the Garden Wall (2014). From 2011–2014, Wood played the role of Ryan Newman on the FX television series Wilfred, for which he received a Satellite Award nomination for Best Actor. From 2016–17, he starred as Todd Brotzman on the BBC America series Dirk Gently's Holistic Detective Agency.

Wood has his own record label, Simian Records, which he founded in 2005. In 2010, he founded the production company SpectreVision, which specializes in producing horror films.

George Miller (director)

George Miller AO (born 3 March 1945) is an Australian filmmaker and former physician. He is best known for his Mad Max franchise, with The Road Warrior and Fury Road being hailed as amongst the greatest action films of all time. Aside from the Mad Max films, Miller has been involved in a wide range of projects. These include the Academy Award-winning Babe and Happy Feet film series.

Miller is a co-founder of the production houses Kennedy Miller Mitchell, formerly known as Kennedy Miller, and Dr. D Studios. His younger brother Bill Miller and Doug Mitchell have been producers on almost all the films in Miller's later career, since the death of his original producing partner Byron Kennedy.

In 2006, Miller won the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature for Happy Feet (2006). He has been nominated for five other Academy Awards: Best Original Screenplay in 1992 for Lorenzo's Oil, Best Picture and Best Adapted Screenplay in 1995 for Babe, and Best Picture and Best Director for Fury Road in 2015.

Happy Feet (video game)

Happy Feet is an action-adventure game based on the movie of the same name. Released in 2006 by A2M for the Wii, PlayStation 2, GameCube, Nintendo DS, Game Boy Advance and Microsoft Windows. Elijah Wood, Brittany Murphy, Dee Bradley Baker, Carlos Alazraqui, Jeff Garcia, and Johnny A. Sanchez all reprise their voice roles from the film.

Happy Feet Two

Happy Feet Two is a 2011 computer-animated disaster musical comedy film directed, produced and co-written by George Miller. It is the sequel to the 2006 film Happy Feet, and The film features an ensemble voice cast that includes Ava Acres, Elijah Wood, Hank Azaria, Robin Williams, Sofia Vergara, Alecia Moore, Meibh Campbell, Lil' P-Nut, Brad Pitt, Matt Damon, Common, Hugo Weaving, Richard Carter, Magda Szubanski, and Anthony LaPaglia. In this movie, Erik, the son of Mumble and Gloria, must stop the Apocalypse from bringing over Antarctica.

Kennedy Miller Mitchell and Dr. D Studios from Sydney, Australia, produced the film, which premiered in North American theaters on November 18, 2011 in Digital 3D and IMAX 3D. The film was released with a Looney Tunes short called I Tawt I Taw a Puddy Tat starring Sylvester Cat and Tweety Bird. A different short, "Daffy's Rhapsody", was slated to premiere with this movie, and was switched in production. "Daffy's Rhapsody" instead premiered with Journey 2: The Mysterious Island in 2012. The film received mixed reviews and grossed just $150 million against its $135 million budget, resulting in the closure of Miller's Dr. D Studios.

Hugo Weaving

Hugo Wallace Weaving (born 4 April 1960) is an Australian-English film and stage actor. He is best known for playing Agent Smith in The Matrix trilogy (1999–2003), Elrond in The Lord of the Rings (2001–2003) and The Hobbit (2012–2014) film trilogies, V in V for Vendetta (2006), Red Skull in Captain America: The First Avenger and Tom Doss in Hacksaw Ridge.

Weaving's first television role was in the 1984 Australian television series Bodyline, where he portrayed English cricket captain Douglas Jardine. In film, he first rose to prominence for his performance as Martin in the Australian drama Proof (1991). Weaving played Anthony "Tick" Belrose/Mitzi Del Bra in the comedy-drama The Adventures of Priscilla, Queen of the Desert (1994); and multiple roles in the science fiction film Cloud Atlas (2012). His roles as a voice actor include the roles as Rex The Male Sheepdog in Babe, Noah the Leading Elder Emperor Penguin in Happy Feet and Happy Feet Two and as Megatron in the first three films of Transformers film series.

Weaving's awards for acting include a Satellite Award, MTV Movie Award and six Australian Film Institute Awards.

I Tawt I Taw a Puddy Tat

I Tawt I Taw a Puddy Tat is a 2011 3D computer-animated Looney Tunes short film featuring the characters Sylvester, Tweety and Granny. It is an adaptation of the 1950 song of the same name sung by Mel Blanc. It features the voice of June Foray as Granny and Blanc's archive recordings taken from the song for Sylvester and Tweety. I Tawt I Taw a Puddy Tat was first shown in theaters before Warner Bros.' feature-length film Happy Feet Two.

John Powell (film composer)

John Powell (born 18 September 1963) is an English composer, best known for his scores to motion pictures. He has been based in Los Angeles since 1997 and has composed the scores to over fifty feature films. He is particularly known for his scores for animated films, including Antz, Chicken Run, Shrek (all three co-composed with Harry Gregson-Williams), Robots, Happy Feet (and its sequel), three Ice Age sequels, Rio, Rio 2 and the How to Train Your Dragon film series, for which he was nominated for an Academy Award for the first film.He has also scored many live-action films, of which his collaborations with directors Doug Liman and Paul Greengrass are perhaps the best known. These include the first three and the fifth Bourne films, United 93, and Green Zone.

Powell was a member of Hans Zimmer's music studio, Remote Control Productions, and has collaborated frequently with other composers from the studio, including Harry Gregson-Williams and Zimmer himself.

Judy Morris

Judith Ann Morris (born December 13, 1947 in Queensland, Australia) is an Australian actress, as well as a film director and screenwriter, well known for the variety of roles she played in 54 different television shows and films, but most recently for co-writing a musical epic about the life of penguins in Antarctica which became Happy Feet, Australia's largest animated film project to date.

Kennedy Miller Mitchell

Kennedy Miller Mitchell (before 2009 known as Kennedy Miller) is an Australian film, television and video game production house in Potts Point, Sydney, that has been producing television and film since 1978. It is responsible for some of Australia's most well known and successful films, including the four Mad Max films, the two Babe films, and the two Happy Feet films.

Kennedy Miller Mitchell is one of Australia's oldest existing film production companies, and the internationally most successful.

Many of the films are directed by the co-founder, George Miller, though he sometimes takes an organisational role and prefers to use someone else to direct, as with Babe, which was directed by Chris Noonan.The company's most recent project was the fourth Mad Max film, titled Mad Max: Fury Road. After being "in development hell for 25 years", the film was released to critical acclaim on May 15, 2015.

Margaret Sixel

Margaret Sixel is a South African-born, Australian film editor. She is best known for her work as editor on feature film projects such as Babe: Pig in the City (1998), Happy Feet (2006), and Mad Max: Fury Road (2015), for which she won the Academy Award for Best Film Editing. Her body of film work extends across numerous genres, such as documentary features, live-action short films, animated comedies, and action epics.

Old Habits Die Hard

"Old Habits Die Hard" is a song from the 2004 movie Alfie, with music by David Stewart and lyrics by Mick Jagger, and performed by Jagger. It won the 2005 Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song. However, the song failed to get nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Song, making it the first in five consecutive years where the song that won the Golden Globe was not nominated for an Oscar. It was followed by "A Love That Will Never Grow Old" from Brokeback Mountain (2005), "The Song of the Heart" from Happy Feet (2006), "Guaranteed" from Into the Wild (2007), and the title theme from The Wrestler (2008).

Two versions of "Old Habits Die Hard" are available in the Alfie 2004 Soundtrack: One performed by Mick Jagger alone, and second version featuring Sheryl Crow. The song is also written by then-unknown pop singer Katy Perry.


Penguins (order Sphenisciformes, family Spheniscidae) are a group of aquatic flightless birds. They live almost exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere, with only one species, the Galapagos penguin, found north of the equator. Highly adapted for life in the water, penguins have countershaded dark and white plumage, and their wings have evolved into flippers. Most penguins feed on krill, fish, squid and other forms of sea life which they catch while swimming underwater. They spend roughly half of their lives on land and the other half in the sea.

Although almost all penguin species are native to the Southern Hemisphere, they are not found only in cold climates, such as Antarctica. In fact, only a few species of penguin live so far south. Several species are found in the temperate zone, and one species, the Galápagos penguin, lives near the equator.

The largest living species is the emperor penguin (Aptenodytes forsteri): on average, adults are about 1.1 m (3 ft 7 in) tall and weigh 35 kg (77 lb). The smallest penguin species is the little blue penguin (Eudyptula minor), also known as the fairy penguin, which stands around 40 cm (16 in) tall and weighs 1 kg (2.2 lb). Among extant penguins, larger penguins inhabit colder regions, while smaller penguins are generally found in temperate or even tropical climates (see also Bergmann's rule). Some prehistoric species attained enormous sizes, becoming as tall or as heavy as an adult human. These were not restricted to Antarctic regions; on the contrary, subantarctic regions harboured high diversity, and at least one giant penguin occurred in a region around 2,000 km south of the equator 35 mya, in a climate decidedly warmer than today.

The Song of the Heart

"The Song of the Heart" is a song written and performed by Prince especially for the 2006 film Happy Feet.The song came about when Prince was approached to allow his song "Kiss" to appear in the film. Prince was initially hesitant to sign off on its use, but agreed to watch the film before he made a final decision. Executives from Warner Bros. screened Happy Feet for Prince at his Paisley Park recording complex, and he enjoyed the film so much that he agreed to the use of "Kiss" and offered to write a new song for the film. Warner Bros. executive Darren Higman said that Prince completed "The Song of the Heart" approximately one week after he was screened the film. It is the only song on the soundtrack specifically written for the film.

Village Roadshow Pictures

Village Roadshow Pictures is an American co-producer and co-financier of major Hollywood motion pictures, established in 1986. It has produced over 85 films since its establishment in 1986 including, as co-productions with Warner Bros., The Matrix trilogy, the Sherlock Holmes series, the Happy Feet series, the Ocean’s series, and The Lego Movie. The films in the Village Roadshow library have achieved 24 number one U.S. box office openings and received 37 Academy Award nominations, 17 Academy Awards and four Golden Globe Awards.Village Roadshow Pictures self-distributes its film entertainment through affiliates in several territories around the world, including Australia, New Zealand and Singapore. J.P. Morgan Chase and Rabobank International provides some funding for Village Roadshow's film slate with Warner Bros. Village Roadshow has a secondary finance slate with Sony Pictures.

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