Hans von Raumer

Hans Friedrich Wilhem Ernst von Raumer (10 January 1870 – 3 November 1965) was a German politician of the German People's Party (DVP). He served as minister in two governments of the Weimar Republic and was also active as a representative of German industry.

Hans von Raumer
PresidentFriedrich Ebert
Reichsschatzminister (Treasury), Weimar Republic
In office
25 June 1920 – 4 May 1921
ChancellorKonstantin Fehrenbach
Preceded byGustav Bauer
Succeeded byGustav Bauer
Reichswirtschaftsminister (Economic Affairs), Weimar Republic
In office
13 August 1923 – 3 October 1923
ChancellorGustav Stresemann
Preceded byJohann Becker
Succeeded byJoseph Koeth
Personal details
Born
Hans Friedrich Wilhem Ernst von Raumer

10 January 1870
Dessau, Prussia
Died3 November 1965 (aged 97)
Berlin, West Germany
Political partyGerman People's Party (DVP)
ProfessionPolitician

Early life

Hans von Raumer was born on 10 January 1870 in Dessau as the son of Friedrich von Raumer (1831-1911), a major in the Prussian Army and his wife Marie (née von Studnitz, 1843-1928). He had three brothers. Since his father was a war cripple, the family only had a modest income. Hans attended the Gymnasium at Hirschberg (Silesia) and at Görlitz and went on to the Ritterakademie at Liegnitz. After 1890 he studied law and government at Lausanne, Leipzig and Berlin, finishing with a Dr.iur.[1]

Raumer married Stephanie (1882-1949, daughter of Stephan Gans zu Putlitz) at Belgrad in 1905. They had one son and two daughters.[1]

Career in the German Empire

A civil servant since 1899 (Regierungsassessor), Raumer became Landrat of the district Wittlage (Westfalen). He left public service in 1911 and became director of Hannoversche Kolonisations- und Moorverwertungsgesellschaft, an electricity plant at Osnabrück. From 1915 he was director of the Bund der Elektrizitätsversorgungs-Unternehmungen Deutschlands (the association of German power-generating utilities) at Berlin. From late 1916 until March 1918 he served as Kriegsreferent at the Reichsschatzamt (Imperial Treasury). In this position, he drafted the Kohlensteuergesetz (law on coal tax). In March 1918, Raumer along with Walther Rathenau and Carl Friedrich von Siemens created the Zentralverband der Deutschen elektrotechnischen Industrie (association of German electrotechnical industry) at Berlin. As executive director until 1933, Raumer was very influential in setting the association's course.[1][2]

Career after the German Revolution

As the end of World War I approached, Raumer worked to facilitate a frictionless transition from a war to a peacetime economy. To this end he invited representatives of industry (Siemens, Rathenau, Felix Deutsch, Anton von Rieppel) and of the unions (Carl Legien, Gustav Bauer, August Schlieke, Theodor Leipart) to a meeting in October 1918. This resulted, one month later, in the creation of the Zentralarbeitsgemeinschaft (ZAG), which established the formal equality of employers and employees and fixed the length of the working day at eight hours. Raumer was a member of the board of the ZAG as well as of the board of the Reichsverband der Deutschen Industrie.[1]

From 1920 to 1930, Raumer was a member of the Reichstag for the right wing of the DVP. From June 1920 to May 1921, he was Reichsschatzminister (Treasury) in the cabinet of Konstantin Fehrenbach. He focused on the question of war reparations - into his tenure fell the Spa Conference of July 1920, the interruption of negotiations by the Allies in January 1921 and the occupation of Duisburg and Düsseldorf in March 1921.[1]

Raumer continued to serve as an advisor to the government on economic issues. Together with Rudolf Hilferding he was a technical expert on the German delegation at the Genoa Conference of 1922. Having established contacts to the Soviet negotiators Karl Radek and Georgy Chicherin there, he subsequently pushed Rathenau to agree to the Treaty of Rapallo.[1]

From August to October 1923, Raumer served as Reichswirtschaftsminister in the second cabinet of Gustav Stresemann.[1]

Raumer worked to strengthen German-Soviet economic ties through his work in the Reichstag as well as member of the board of the Rußlandausschusses der deutschen Industrie and of the supervisory board of the Industriefinanzierungsgesellschaft Ost. After 1929, Raumer was a chairman of the German-Soviet arbitration commission. He also brought together German industrialists and Soviet leaders like Anastas Mikoyan, helping to establish German contributions to the Soviet Five Year Plan and, in 1931, landing Soviet orders from the German electrotechnical and machinery industries totalling 900 million Reichsmark.[1]

Raumer was a friend of the French ambassador André François-Poncet and supported Heinrich Brüning's policy of economic rappraochment with France. However, after the government of Brüning fell, Raumer also supported the policies of Kurt von Schleicher.[1]

Later life and death

In 1933, Raumer resigned from all positions. He had left the DVP in March 1932, but kept his distance to the NSDAP.[1]

In 1941, he was chairman of the supervisory board of Königstadt AG für Grundstücke und Industrie Berlin and member of the supervisory boards at Berlin-Gubener Hufabrik AG, Elektrowerke AG Berlin, Gesellschaft für elektrische Unternehmungen Berlin, Koblenzer Elektrizitäts- und Verkehrs-AG as well as at the Steatit-Magnesia AG and at the Verkaufskredit AG Berlin.[2]

Raumer's home was destroyed in 1943 by Allied bombing and he moved to Großlangewiesche (Priegnitz) and then to Dätzingen. In 1962, he returned to West-Berlin.[1]

Raumer died there on 3 November 1965. He is buried at Dätzingen.[1]

Works

  • Dreißig Jahre nach Rapallo, in: Deutsche Rundschau 78, H. 4, April 1952
  • Unternehmer und Gewerkschaften in der Weimarer Zeit, in: Deutsche Rundschau 80, H. 5, May 1954
  • Die Zentralarbeitsgemeinschaft, in: Der Weg zum industriellen Spitzenverband, 1956, pp. 102–17.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Biografie Hans Raumer (German)". Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Biografie Hans Raumer (German)". Bundesarchiv. Retrieved 12 May 2015.
1870 in Germany

Events from the year 1870 in Germany.

Fehrenbach cabinet

The Fehrenbach cabinet (German: Kabinett Fehrenbach) was the fourth democratically elected Reichsregierung of the German Reich. It was named after Reichskanzler (chancellor) Constantin Fehrenbach and took office on 25 June 1920 when it replaced the First Müller cabinet.

The cabinet was formed after the June elections to the new Reichstag which replaced the Weimar National Assembly. It was the first government since the German Empire ended in 1918 which did not include the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD). The SPD remained the strongest party after the elections, but its share of the vote dropped significantly. The government was formed by the Catholic Zentrum, the German Democratic Party (DDP) and the German People's Party (DVP).

Fehrenbach resigned in May 1921 after the DVP withdrew its support in protest over the government's agreement to fixing Germany's reparation payments to the Allies. The cabinet was followed by the first government of Joseph Wirth, the previous minister of finance.

First Stresemann cabinet

The First Stresemann cabinet (German: Erstes Kabinett Stresemann) was the eighth democratically elected Reichsregierung of the German Reich, during the period in which it is now usually referred to as the Weimar Republic. The cabinet was named after Reichskanzler (chancellor) Gustav Stresemann and took office on 13 August 1923 when it replaced the Cuno cabinet under Wilhelm Cuno. The cabinet resigned late on 3 October 1923 and was replaced on 6 October by another cabinet formed by Stresemann.

Hans Friderichs

Hans Friderichs (born 16 October 1931) is a German politician who served as the minister of economy. He is also a jurist and businessman.

Helmut Haussmann

Helmut Haussmann (born 18 May 1943) is a German academic and politician. He served as minister of economy from 1988 to 1991.

Johann Becker (politician)

Johann Becker (3 February 1869 – 17 October 1951) was a German lawyer and politician of the German People's Party. From January 1916 to November 1918 he served as finance minister of the Grand Duchy of Hesse. He was elected a member of the Weimar National Assembly in 1919. He continued to serve as a delegate in the Reichstag until 1930. In 1922/1923 he was Minister of Economics, under Chancellor Wilhelm Cuno, during the onset of hyperinflation.

Joseph Koeth

Joseph Koeth (7 July 1870 – 22 May 1936) was a German military officer and politician. During World War I he served as head of the commodity office in the Prussian Ministry of War created by Walther Rathenau. After the German revolution of 1918, Koeth was in charge of economic demobilisation as a member of the first democratically elected government under Philipp Scheidemann. He again served briefly as a minister of the Weimar Republic under Gustav Stresemann in 1923.

Members of the IV. German Reichstag (Weimar Republic)

The German parliament or Reichstag that was elected in the general election of May 1928 and sat until that of September 1930 was the fourth parliament of the Weimar Republic.

Raumer

Raumer is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Friedrich Ludwig Georg von Raumer (1781–1873), German historian

Hans von Raumer (1870–1965), German politician of the German People's Party (DVP)

Karl Georg von Raumer (1783–1865), German geologist and educator

Rudolf von Raumer (1815–1876), German philologist and linguistSee also:

Friedrich-von-Raumer-Bibliothek, public library in Berlin

Second Stresemann cabinet

The Second Stresemann cabinet (German: Zweites Kabinett Stresemann) was the ninth democratically elected Reichsregierung of the German Reich, during the period in which it is now usually referred to as the Weimar Republic. The cabinet was named after Reichskanzler (chancellor) Gustav Stresemann and took office on 6 October 1923 when it replaced the First Stresemann cabinet which had resigned on 3 October. Stresemann's second cabinet resigned on 23 November 1923 and was replaced on 30 November by the first cabinet under chancellor Wilhelm Marx.

Werner Müller (politician)

Wilhelm Werner Müller (1 June 1946 – 15 July 2019) was a German manager of leading energy companies. As a politician, he served as Federal Minister of Economic Affairs and Energy from 1998 to 2002. He was CEO of RAG AG from 2003, of which Evonik was derived in 2007. His management of a change in energy away from coal won him an award Manager of the Year in Germany in 2008. He was chairman of the supervisory board of Deutsche Bahn.

Fehrenbach cabinet – 25 June 1920 to 4 May 1921
Second Stresemann cabinet – 6 October 1923 to 23 November 1923

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