Hanover, New Hampshire

Hanover is a town along the Connecticut River in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 11,260 at the 2010 census.[1] CNN and Money magazine rated Hanover the sixth best place to live in America in 2011,[2] and the second best in 2007.[3] "This just might be the best college town," read the headline of a story in the January–February 2017 issue of Yankee.[4]

Dartmouth College and the US Army Corps of Engineers Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory are located in Hanover. The Appalachian Trail crosses the town.

The main village of the town, where 8,636 people resided at the 2010 census,[5] is defined as the Hanover census-designated place (CDP), and is located at the junctions of New Hampshire routes 10, 10A, and 120. The town also contains the villages of Etna and Hanover Center.

Hanover, New Hampshire
Hanover Main Street
Hanover Main Street
Location in Grafton County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 43°42′08″N 72°17′22″W / 43.70222°N 72.28944°WCoordinates: 43°42′08″N 72°17′22″W / 43.70222°N 72.28944°W
CountryUnited States
StateNew Hampshire
CountyGrafton
Incorporated1761
VillagesHanover
Etna
Hanover Center
Government
 • Board of SelectmenPeter L. Christie, Chair
Athos J. Rassias
William V. Geraghty
Nancy A. Carter
Joanna Whitcomb
 • Town ManagerJulia N. Griffin
Area
 • Total50.3 sq mi (130.2 km2)
 • Land49.0 sq mi (127.0 km2)
 • Water1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)  2.52%
Elevation
528 ft (161 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total11,260
 • Density220/sq mi (86/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP codes
03755 (Hanover)
03750 (Etna)
Area code(s)603
FIPS code33-33860
GNIS feature ID0873619
Websitewww.hanovernh.org

History

Hanover was chartered by Governor Benning Wentworth on July 4, 1761, and in 1765–1766 its first European inhabitants arrived, the majority from Connecticut. Although the surface is uneven, the town developed into an agricultural community. Dartmouth College was established in 1769 beside the Common at a village called "the Plain"—an extensive and level tract of land a mile (1.6 kilometers) from the Connecticut River, and about 150 feet (46 m) above it.[6]

At one point in its history, the southwest corner of Hanover was known as "Dresden", which in the 1780s joined other disgruntled New Hampshire towns along the Connecticut River that briefly defected to what was then the independent Vermont Republic. For a time, Dresden was capital of the republic.[7] After various political posturings, however, the towns returned to New Hampshire at the heated insistence of George Washington.[8] One remnant of this era is that the name "Dresden" is still used in the Dresden School District, an interstate school district serving both Hanover and Norwich, Vermont—the first and one of the few interstate school districts in the nation.

The film Winter Carnival (1939) was shot in Hanover.[9]

Etymology

"Hannover" (as it was spelled in the 1761 charter and in its German original form as well) was named either after a local parish in Sprague, Connecticut, or after the German House of Hanover in honor of the reigning British-Hanoverian king, George III.[10] Originally Han(n)over is a city (capital) in Lower Saxony, North Germany.

While it is likely that the name "Dresden" derived from Dresden in Germany, it has also been suggested that it could derive directly from the old Sorbian word drezg ("forest") or Drezd'ane, for an inhabitant of a forest.[11][12]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 50.3 square miles (130.3 km2), of which 49.0 square miles (126.9 km2) is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2) is water, comprising 2.52% of the town.[1] The primary settlement in Hanover, where over 75% of the town's population resides, is defined as the Hanover census-designated place (CDP) and contains the areas around Dartmouth College and the intersections of New Hampshire Routes 10, 10A, and 120. The CDP has a total area of 5.0 square miles (13 km2), of which 4.6 square miles (12 km2) is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) is water.[5]

Hanover borders the towns of Lyme, Canaan, and Enfield, New Hampshire; Norwich, Vermont; and the city of Lebanon, New Hampshire. Inside the limits of Hanover are the small rural villages of Etna and Hanover Center.

The highest point in Hanover is the north peak of Moose Mountain, at 2,313 feet (705 m) above sea level. Hanover lies fully within the Connecticut River watershed.[13]

There are a number of trails and nature preserves in Hanover, and the majority of these trails are suitable for snowshoes and cross-country skis. The Velvet Rocks Trail, located on the Appalachian Trail, has a number of rock climbing and bouldering spots.

Climate

Hanover experiences a warm summer continental climate (Köppen Dfb), with cold, snowy winters, and warm, humid summers. Temperatures average 19.0 °F (−7.2 °C) in January to 70.9 °F (21.6 °C) in July, and the annual mean is 46.0 °F (7.8 °C). Extremes range from −40 °F (−40 °C), recorded on February 16, 1943,[14] to 103 °F (39 °C), recorded on August 2, 1975.[15]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
17901,380
18001,91238.6%
18102,13511.7%
18202,2224.1%
18302,3616.3%
18402,61310.7%
18502,350−10.1%
18602,308−1.8%
18702,085−9.7%
18802,1473.0%
18901,817−15.4%
19001,8843.7%
19102,07510.1%
19202,2649.1%
19303,04334.4%
19403,42512.6%
19506,25982.7%
19607,32917.1%
19708,49415.9%
19809,1197.4%
19909,2121.0%
200010,85017.8%
201011,2603.8%
Est. 201711,485[18]2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[19]

As of the census of 2010, there were 11,260 people, 3,119 households, and 1,797 families residing in the town. The population density was 220 people per square mile (86/km2). There were 3,278 housing units at an average density of 65.2 per square mile (25.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 81.0% White, 3.4% Black, 0.8% Native American, 10.8% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.9% of the population.[20]

There were 3,119 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.5% were married couples living together, 4.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.4% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.95.[20]

In the town, the population was spread out with 27.8% at or under the age of 19, 25.5% from 20 to 24, 14.4% from 25 to 44, 18.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years.[20]

For the period 2010-14, the estimated median income for a household in the town was $94,063, and the median income for a family was $129,000. Male full-time workers had a median income of $87,550 versus $53,141 for females. The per capita income for the town was $34,140. About 2.0% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.[21]

Government

Hanover town vote
by party in presidential elections
[22]
Year GOP DEM Others
2016 11.94% 926 84.63% 6,561 3.43% 266
2012 23.67% 1,727 74.97% 5,469 1.36% 99
2008 17.67% 1,328 81.69% 6,140 0.64% 48
2004 21.70% 1,444 77.42% 5,152 0.89% 59
2000 29.56% 1,541 65.05% 3,391 5.39% 281
1996 31.71% 1,424 63.16% 2,836 5.12% 230
1992 25.91% 1,201 62.70% 2,906 11.39% 528

In the New Hampshire Senate, Hanover is included in the 5th District and is represented by Democrat Martha S. Hennessey. On the New Hampshire Executive Council, Hanover is in the 1st District and is represented by Democrat Michael J. Cryans. In the United States House of Representatives, Hanover is a part of New Hampshire's 2nd congressional district and is currently represented by Democrat Ann McLane Kuster.

Like most other college towns, Hanover is a liberal bastion and a Democratic stronghold in presidential elections. No Republican presidential nominee has managed to receive over 32 percent of the vote in the town in the past two decades. Hanover backed Hillary Rodham Clinton with 85 percent of the vote in 2016, providing the former Secretary of State and U.S. Senator from New York with her largest margin of victory in the state of New Hampshire, which she narrowly won by 2,736 votes statewide. Her margin of victory in Hanover was by over twice that amount, allowing attribution that her margin in Hanover was what ultimately allowed her to carry the Granite State. However, Hanover did not back Clinton in the 2008 Democratic primary (supporting Barack Obama with 58.15 percent of the vote to Clinton's 26.11 percent) nor did it support her in the 2016 Democratic primary when voters opted for U.S. Senator Bernie Sanders from neighboring Vermont with 53.04 percent of the vote.

Education

A Front View of Dartmouth College (1793)
Students playing cricket at Dartmouth College in 1793
Public schools
Universities
Private schools

Economy

Hypertherm,[24] White Mountains Insurance Group, and Daat Research Corp. are based in Hanover.

Infrastructure

Water

The Hanover Water Company supplies water for downtown Hanover from several local reservoirs. The company is owned by Dartmouth College (52.8%) and the Town of Hanover (47.2%), with management by the Town of Hanover under a contract. In 2000, all full-time company employees became town employees. In recent years, the town has spent over $20 million to upgrade main water lines, and will undergo another $6 million project to build a new water treatment plant. Outside the downtown area, residents rely on private wells that are not maintained by the town.

Other utilities

FairPoint Communications furnishes telephone communication. The municipality provides sewage treatment.

References

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001), Hanover town, Grafton County, New Hampshire". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2016.
  2. ^ "Best Places to Live: Top 100 - Hanover, N.H. (6)". Money Magazine. Cable News Network. A Time Warner Company. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
  3. ^ "Best Places to Live: Top 100 - Hanover, N.H. (2)". Money Magazine. Cable News Network. A Time Warner Company. Retrieved 2011-02-08.
  4. ^ "Hanover, New Hampshire | Could You Live Here? - New England Today". New England Today. 2016-12-17. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001), Hanover CDP, New Hampshire". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2016.
  6. ^ Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 516–519.
  7. ^ Hill, Ralph Nading (1965). The College on the Hill: A Dartmouth Chronicle. Hanover, NH: Dartmouth Publishing. p. 46.
  8. ^ Daniell, Jere (1976). "The American Republic: 1760–1780: The Western Rebellion". New Hampshire Profile. The Flow of History. Retrieved 2011-02-08.
  9. ^ Barth, Jack (1991). Roadside Hollywood: The Movie Lover's State-By-State Guide to Film Locations, Celebrity Hangouts, Celluloid Tourist Attractions, and More. Contemporary Books. Page 249. ISBN 9780809243266.
  10. ^ "About the Town of Hanover". www.hanovernh.org. Archived from the original on 2010-05-28. Retrieved 2011-02-08.
  11. ^ The settlers in the riverside forest, an appellation fully compatible with that of the early inhabitants of the Hanover Plain.
  12. ^ Dick Hoefnagel and Virginia L. Close. "Dresden: What Is in the Name". Retrieved October 25, 2008.
  13. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
  14. ^ "February Daily Averages for Hanover, NH (03755)". The Weather Channel. Retrieved November 14, 2011.
  15. ^ "August Daily Averages for Hanover, NH (03755)". The Weather Channel. Retrieved November 14, 2011.
  16. ^ "Climatography of the United States No. 20 1971−2000: HANOVER, NH" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2011-04-02.
  17. ^ "Monthly Averages for Hanover, NH (03755)" (Table). The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-11-14.
  18. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017 (PEPANNRES): Minor Civil Divisions – New Hampshire". Retrieved November 14, 2018.
  19. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  20. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (DP-1), Hanover town, Grafton County, New Hampshire". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2016.
  21. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2010-2014 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03), Hanover town, Grafton County, New Hampshire". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 22, 2016.
  22. ^ http://sos.nh.gov/ElectResults.aspx
  23. ^ Hopkins, Robert C.; Rearick, Richard R. (1995). Cardigan Mountain School: History, 1945-1995. Littleton, NH: Sherwin Dodge. pp. 81–88.
  24. ^ Hypertherm

External links

1968 NCAA University Division Swimming and Diving Championships

The 1968 NCAA University Division Swimming and Diving Championships were contested in March 1968 at Karl Michael Pool at Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire at the 45th annual NCAA-sanctioned swim meet to determine the team and individual national champions of University Division men's collegiate swimming and diving in the United States.

Indiana topped the team standings, the Hoosiers' first title in program history.

Barbara Bedford (swimmer)

Barbara Jane Bedford (born November 9, 1972), who competed as BJ Bedford, currently known by her married name, Barbara Miller, is an American former competition swimmer, Olympic champion, and former world record-holder.

Bedford represented the United States at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Australia. She was a member of the U.S. team that won the Olympic gold medal in the women's 4×100-meter medley relay and set a new world record of 3:58.30 in the event final. Her record-setting teammates included Megan Quann (breaststroke), Jenny Thompson (butterfly), and Dara Torres (freestyle).

Bedford attended high school at swimming powerhouse Peddie School in Hightstown, New Jersey.

Charlie Clouser

Charles Alexander Clouser (born June 28, 1963) is an American keyboardist, composer, record producer, and remixer. He worked with Trent Reznor for Nine Inch Nails from 1994–2000 , and is a composer for film and television; among his credits are the score for the Saw franchise and American Horror Story. Clouser was nominated for two Grammy Awards for Best Metal Performance in 1997.

Cyndy Poor

Cynthia Shepherd "Cyndy" Poor (born May 18, 1953 in Hanover, New Hampshire) is a retired American track and field athlete, known primarily for her success in middle distance races.

Dartmouth Big Green baseball

The Dartmouth Big Green baseball team is the varsity intercollegiate baseball program of the Dartmouth College, located in Hanover, New Hampshire. It has been a member of the NCAA Division I Ivy League baseball conference since its founding at the start of the 1993 season. Before that it was a member of the Eastern Intercollegiate Baseball League (EIBL). Its home venue is Red Rolfe Field at Biondi Park, located on the university's campus. Bob Whalen has been the program's head coach since the start of the 1990 season. The program has appeared in seven NCAA Tournaments and one College World Series. In conference postseason play, it has been EIBL Champion twelve times and has appeared in the Ivy League Baseball Championship Series 11 times, winning twice. 30 former Big Green have appeared in Major League Baseball.

Dartmouth Big Green men's basketball

The Dartmouth Big Green men's basketball team is the basketball team that represents Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire, United States. The school's team currently competes in the Ivy League.

Etna, New Hampshire

Etna, originally named "Mill Village", is a small unincorporated community within the town of Hanover, New Hampshire, in the United States. It is located in southwestern Grafton County, approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) east of Hanover's downtown and 2.5 mi (4.0 km) south of the village of Hanover Center, on Mink Brook. Etna has a separate ZIP code 03750 from the rest of Hanover, as well as its own fire station, general store, ball field, playground, church, and library with adjacent conserved land and bird sanctuary. The population within Etna's ZIP Code area was 870 at the 2010 census.Commerce revolves around the Etna General Store and the Etna Post Office. The Appalachian Trail passes a mile or so north of the village before it turns northeast to cross Moose Mountain on its way to Lyme. Etna can be accessed from NH Rt. 120 via Greensboro Road or Great Hollow Road (Etna Road, north of the Lebanon exit (number 18) from Interstate 89), or from Hanover via Trescott Road (E. Wheelock Street).

Etna was the site of the 2001 murders of Dartmouth College professors Half and Susanne Zantop, dubbed the Dartmouth Murders.

Gordon MacDonald (American politician)

For other people named Gordon MacDonald, see Gordon MacDonald.

Gordon MacDonald (born 1961) is an American politician serving as the 30th and current Attorney General of New Hampshire since 2017. A member of the Republican Party, he previously served as a law clerk to Norman H. Stahl of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit from 1994 to 1995 and as chief of staff in 1990 and legislative director from 1985 to 1990 to Senator Gordon J. Humphrey.On June 4, 2019, MacDonald was nominated as the next Chief Justice of the New Hampshire Supreme Court, replacing Robert Lynn who faced mandatory retirement.

Hood Museum of Art

The Hood Museum of Art is a museum in Hanover, New Hampshire, United States. Dating back to 1772, the museum is owned and operated by Dartmouth College. The current building, designed by Charles Willard Moore and Chad Floyd, opened in the fall of 1985. It houses both permanent collections and visiting exhibitions. The collection encompasses important holdings of American, Native American, European, African, and Melanesian art, including a significant collection of indigenous Australian contemporary art and a major archive of photojournalism. Among the collection's greatest treasures are Assyrian reliefs and the fresco mural cycle The Epic of American Civilization, by José Clemente Orozco. (The murals are located in nearby Baker Memorial Library.)

The museum has paintings by Perugino and his workshop, Luca Giordano, Claude Lorrain, Nicolas Rene Jollain (Belisarius Begging for Alms), Pompeo Batoni, Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun, and Jan Davidszoon de Heem. Later European painters represented include Alfred Sisley (Loing Canal at Loing), Édouard Vuillard, and Picasso. Americans with paintings here include Joseph Blackburn, Gignoux (New Hampshire), Rockwell Kent, John French Sloan (Roofs of Chelsea, New York City), and Georgia O'Keeffe.The director of the museum is John Stomberg.The museum building closed temporarily in March 2016 for a major expansion and renovation. During this time the museum's exhibitions continued at the temporary "Hood Downtown" exhibition space. The museum reopened on January 26, 2019.

Hopkins Center for the Arts

Hopkins Center for the Arts at Dartmouth College is located at 2 East Wheelock Street in Hanover, New Hampshire. The center, which was designed by Wallace Harrison and foreshadows his later design of Manhattan's Lincoln Center, is the college's cultural hub. It is home to the drama and music departments. In addition to these fields, the Hopkins Center, or the "Hop" as it is called by students, has a woodshop and jewelry studio which are open for use by students and the public.

Jon Spencer

Jon Spencer (born February 4, 1965) is an American singer, composer and guitarist. He has been involved in multiple musical acts, such as Pussy Galore, Boss Hog, Heavy Trash and The Jon Spencer Blues Explosion.

Kent Carter

Kent Carter (born June 14, 1939 in Hanover, New Hampshire) is an American jazz bassist. His father, Alan Carter, founded the Vermont Symphony Orchestra. He is also the grandson of American artist, Rockwell Kent. He worked in Steve Lacy's group, played on the two Jazz Composer's Orchestra albums and released albums for Emanem Records.

Kevin Pearce (snowboarder)

Kevin Pearce (born November 1, 1987) is an American former professional snowboarder. He was born in Hanover, New Hampshire, and raised in Hartland, Vermont before moving with his parents to Norwich, Vermont. He competed professionally from 2007 to 2009 when a crash during snowboard training left him with a traumatic brain injury.

Leonard Wilcox

Leonard Wilcox (January 29, 1799 – June 18, 1850) was an American lawyer, judge and politician. He served as a United States Senator from New Hampshire, as judge of the New Hampshire Superior Court, and as a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives during the 1800s.

Mink Brook

Mink Brook is a 9.5-mile (15.3 km) long stream in western New Hampshire in the United States. It is a tributary of the Connecticut River, which flows to Long Island Sound.

Mink Brook lies entirely in the town of Hanover, New Hampshire. It rises on the western slopes of Moose Mountain and flows west, through the village of Etna, before reaching the Connecticut just north of the Hanover-Lebanon municipal boundary.

WDCR (New Hampshire)

WDCR (1340 AM) was a radio station broadcasting an oldies format during the day, and a variety format at night. Licensed to Hanover, New Hampshire, United States, the station served the Hanover and greater Upper Valley area. The station carried broadcasts of several Dartmouth College sports teams in association with the Dartmouth Sports Network, a division of Dartmouth Broadcasting. The station's license was held by the Board of Trustees of Dartmouth College.

WFRD

WFRD (99.3 MHz "99 Rock") is a commercial FM radio station licensed to Hanover, New Hampshire. Owned and operated by Dartmouth Broadcasting, the WFRD studios are located on the Hanover campus of Dartmouth College. The station transmitter is located off Crafts Hill Road in Lebanon, New Hampshire. WFRD airs a mainstream rock radio format with some alternative rock and classic rock tracks.

In addition to a standard analog transmission, WFRD is available online via iHeartRadio and from its website.

WGXL

WGXL (92.3 FM) is a radio station licensed to Hanover, New Hampshire, serving the Lebanon-Rutland area. The station is owned by Great Eastern Radio, LLC. It airs a contemporary hit radio (Top 40/CHR) format.

WTSL

WTSL (1400 kHz) is a commercial AM radio station licensed to Hanover, New Hampshire, United States. It airs a classic hip-hop radio format and serves the Lebanon-Rutland-White River Junction area. The station is currently owned by Great Eastern Radio, LLC. WTSL also broadcasts Dartmouth College Big Green football and hockey games.

Listeners can also hear WTSL programming on FM translator station W248DA at 97.5 MHz. The stations call themselves "Hot 97.5."

Climate data for Hanover, New Hampshire
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 64
(18)
63
(17)
86
(30)
93
(34)
96
(36)
98
(37)
101
(38)
103
(39)
97
(36)
87
(31)
79
(26)
70
(21)
103
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 29.3
(−1.5)
34.0
(1.1)
43.5
(6.4)
56.6
(13.7)
70.4
(21.3)
78.5
(25.8)
82.9
(28.3)
80.8
(27.1)
71.3
(21.8)
58.5
(14.7)
45.6
(7.6)
33.6
(0.9)
57.1
(13.9)
Average low °F (°C) 8.7
(−12.9)
11.6
(−11.3)
22.1
(−5.5)
32.8
(0.4)
44.1
(6.7)
53.5
(11.9)
58.8
(14.9)
57.3
(14.1)
49.4
(9.7)
37.3
(2.9)
28.4
(−2.0)
15.6
(−9.1)
35.0
(1.6)
Record low °F (°C) −28
(−33)
−40
(−40)
−22
(−30)
7
(−14)
22
(−6)
30
(−1)
39
(4)
33
(1)
22
(−6)
13
(−11)
−12
(−24)
−34
(−37)
−40
(−40)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.97
(75)
2.34
(59)
2.87
(73)
3.02
(77)
3.45
(88)
3.36
(85)
3.69
(94)
3.70
(94)
3.54
(90)
3.47
(88)
3.38
(86)
2.90
(74)
38.69
(983)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 17.6
(45)
12.7
(32)
10.8
(27)
2.0
(5.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
4.0
(10)
15.3
(39)
62.4
(158.1)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 11.0 8.7 10.5 11.7 12.7 12.6 12.2 11.9 12.1 11.6 11.9 11.4 138.3
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 8.7 6.0 3.8 1.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.8 7.3 29.8
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971−2000) [16]
Source #2: The Weather Channel (extreme temperatures) [17]
Places adjacent to Hanover, New Hampshire
Municipalities and communities of Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States
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Towns
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Other villages
Tributaries
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