Hanover, Massachusetts

Hanover is a town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 13,879 at the 2010 census.[1]

Hanover, Massachusetts
Hanover Town Hall
Hanover Town Hall
Official seal of Hanover, Massachusetts

Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts
Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°7′N 70°49′W / 42.117°N 70.817°WCoordinates: 42°7′N 70°49′W / 42.117°N 70.817°W
CountryUnited States
 • TypeOpen town meeting
 • Total15.7 sq mi (40.7 km2)
 • Land15.6 sq mi (40.4 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
60 ft (18 m)
 • Total>14,000
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
Area code(s)339 / 781
FIPS code25-28285
GNIS feature ID0618341


The area of Hanover was first settled by English settlers in 1649 when William Barstow, a farmer, built a bridge along the North River at what is now Washington Street. The land was the westernmost portion of the town of Scituate, and it would officially separate and be incorporated as a town June 14, 1727. The name "Hanover" is probably a tribute to King George I, the first Hanoverian King of Great Britain. (While George I died on June 11, 1727, the reports would not have reached the colonies until after the town's incorporation.) There were six separate villages settled within the town North Hanover, Four Corners, West Hanover, Center Hanover, South Hanover, and Drinkwater. Hanover's early industry revolved around farming, small mills and a shipbuilding area along the North River. Later industries would include tack factories and shoe factories along the smaller waterways in the town. The town was the site of the invention of the first tack-making machine, and making tacks and fireworks were among the industries of the later 19th century for Hanover. Today, Hanover is mostly residential. The Hanover Mall, Merchants Row mall as well other shops are located near the intersection of Routes 3 and 53. In 2008 Hanover American Legion Post 149 baseball team won the state title.[2]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 15.7 square miles (41 km2), of which 15.6 square miles (40 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2), or 0.70%, is water. Hanover is the 240th town in terms of size in Massachusetts. Hanover is considered to be a part of the South Shore of Massachusetts. It is bordered by Norwell to the north and east, Pembroke and Hanson to the south, and Rockland to the west and northwest. Hanover is approximately 10 miles (16 km) east of Brockton and 20 miles (32 km) southeast of Boston.

Much of Hanover's eastern and southern borders consist of three waterways, the North and Indian Head rivers along the south and southeast, and the Third Herring Brook along the east. (The latter two are both tributaries, and the town border is marked by their confluences.) There are also several small ponds and brooks throughout the town, the largest pond being Factory Pond, a tributary of the Indian Head River in the south of town. The town has several small parks, sanctuaries and conservation areas spread throughout the town.


Hanover FCC
The First Congregational Church of Hanover in 2003
Bundesarchiv Bild 137-047638, USA, Massachusetts, Hannover
The First Congregational Church of Hanover in 1930

As of July 1, 2017, there were 14,814 people, 4,349 households, and 3,566 families residing in the town. The population density was 843.4 people per square mile (325.6/km²). There were 4,445 housing units at an average density of 284.8 per square mile (109.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.68% White, 0.55% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.68% of the population.

There were 4,350 households out of which 43.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.8% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.0% were non-families. 15.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.39.

In the town, the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $73,838, and the median income for a family was $86,835. Males had a median income of $57,321 versus $35,214 for females. The per capita income for the town was $30,268. About 1.4% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.6% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.


John Curtis Free Library, Hanover MA
John Curtis Free Library [1]

On the national level, Hanover is a part of Massachusetts's 9th congressional district, and is currently represented by William R. Keating. The state's senior (Class I) member of the United States Senate, elected in 2012, is Elizabeth Warren. The junior (Class II) senator, elected in a special election in 2013, is Ed Markey.

On the state level, Hanover is represented in the Massachusetts House of Representatives as a part of the Fifth Plymouth district, which includes the neighboring towns of Norwell and Rockland. The town is represented in the Massachusetts Senate as a part of the Second Plymouth and Bristol district, which includes Brockton, Halifax, Hanson, Whitman and portions of East Bridgewater and Easton.[13] The town is patrolled on a secondary basis by the First Barracks of Troop D of the Massachusetts State Police, located in Norwell.[14]

Hanover is governed by the open town meeting form of government, and is led a board of selectmen. The town has its own police and fire departments, with active firehouses in Center Hanover and West Hanover. The fire department operates the ambulance service, with the nearest hospitals being Brockton Hospital and South Shore Hospital in Weymouth. There are two post offices located in town, near Hanover Four Corners and West Hanover, both along Route 139. The town is home to the John Curtis Free Library, which was founded with the help of its namesake in the 1800s. The library is a part of the Old Colony Library Network. Hanover is also the site of a YMCA, near the mall.


Hanover Public Schools
188 Broadway Street,
Hanover, MA 02339

United States
District information
SuperintendentMatthew A. Ferron[15]
Budget$30,896,679 total
$11,261 per pupil[16]
Students and staff
Student-teacher ratio14.0 to 1[19]
Other information
WebsiteHanover Public Schools

Hanover operates its own school system for the town's approximately 2,700 students. There are three elementary schools, the Cedar, Center and Sylvester Elementary Schools. The Center School serves students from pre-kindergarten through second grade, the Sylvester School (located around the corner from the Center School, both at Hanover Center) serves third and fourth grade students, and the Cedar Elementary School (located next to the high school) serves from pre-kindergarten through fourth grade. The Hanover Middle School serves students from fifth through eighth grade, and Hanover High School serves students from ninth through twelfth grade. Hanover High's teams are nicknamed the Indians, and their colors are blue and gold. Hanover competes in the Patriot League, and their chief rival is Norwell. Hanover finished building its new high school in 2012; the graduating class of 2012 will be the first to graduate from the school and the second class to graduate on the new turf field.

Hanover is also the home of the South Shore Vocational Technical High School, which serves the vocational needs of the surrounding communities. There are no private schools in the town; there are, however, schools in the surrounding communities. The nearest colleges are Massasoit Community College in Brockton, and Bridgewater State University. The Cardinal Cushing Centers, a Catholic facility for intellectually and developmentally challenged individuals located on Washington Street, also has educational facilities.

Notable people

  • George Washington Carver lived in a small cabin on the North River in Hanover for several months while he worked on his autobiography.
  • Marvelous Marvin Hagler, former world middleweight boxing champion, resided in Hanover for several years at the peak of his career
  • Nichole Hiltz, actress
  • Mike Capozzi, actor (Yankees Fan)
  • Faith Salie, the actress lived in town for a few years after her birth.
  • Colin White, Prospect of the Ottawa Senators


A short, three-mile portion of Massachusetts Route 3, a four-lane freeway, passes through the town, providing access via an exit at Route 53 in the northeast corner of town. The town's other major routes include Route 123 and Route 139, the latter passing through the town center. Routes 139 and 53 are coextensive for a stretch of one mile in the southeast corner of town.

The town has no rail or air service, though the town used to have rail service on the Hanover branch. The nearest rail service is the Kingston-Route 3 line of the MBTA's commuter rail service, which passes west of town, the closest stations being in Abington and Whitman. The nearest regional airport is Marshfield Municipal Airport, and the nearest national and international service can be reached at Logan International Airport in Boston. Seaplanes occasionally land in neighboring Hanson, on Lake Monponsett.


  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Hanover town, Plymouth County, Massachusetts". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
  2. ^ "Town of Hanover – Highlights of Early Hanover" Archived March 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  4. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  5. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  6. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  7. ^ "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  8. ^ "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  9. ^ "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  10. ^ "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  11. ^ "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  12. ^ "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  13. ^ Index of Legislative Representation by City and Town, from Mass.gov
  14. ^ Station D-1, SP Norwell
  15. ^ http://www.hanoverschools.org/superintendent/
  16. ^ http://profiles.doe.mass.edu/state_report/ppx.aspx
  17. ^ http://profiles.doe.mass.edu/profiles/student.aspx?orgcode=01220000&orgtypecode=5&
  18. ^ http://profiles.doe.mass.edu/profiles/teacher.aspx?orgcode=01220000&orgtypecode=5&
  19. ^ http://profiles.doe.mass.edu/profiles/teacher.aspx?orgcode=01220000&orgtypecode=5&

External links

Albert Smith (Maine politician)

Albert Smith (January 3, 1793 – May 29, 1867) was a U.S. Representative from Maine.

Born in Hanover, Massachusetts, Smith attended the common schools and was graduated from Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, in 1813. He studied law, was admitted to the bar, and commenced practice in Portland, Maine, in 1817. He served as member of the Maine House of Representatives in 1820. He was United States Marshal for the district of Maine 1830-1838.

Smith was elected as a Democrat to the Twenty-sixth Congress (March 4, 1839 – March 3, 1841). He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1840 to the Twenty-seventh Congress. He died in Boston, Massachusetts, on May 29, 1867. He was interred in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Cardinal Cushing Centers

The Cardinal Cushing Centers are a set of education and support facilities for developmentally and intellectually challenged adults and children operated by the Sisters of St. Francis of Assisi. The centers offer education, training, residential and employment services, and recreational facilities on a campus at 369 Washington Street in Hanover, Massachusetts. Opened in 1949 as St. Coletta's by the Sea through the efforts of Archbishop Richard Cushing and with funding from the Kennedy family, the center was one of the first of its kind in the nation, and was renamed in Cushing's honor in 1974. The campus was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2018.

Clark Airport (Massachusetts)

Clark Airport was an airfield operational in the mid-20th century in Hanover, Massachusetts. During the time it was closed during World War II, the Pilgrim Ordnance Works was located to the west of the airport.

Doug Smith (author)

Doug Smith (born December 27, 1964) is an American retired minor-league ice hockey player who co-authored a biography about his time spent playing professional hockey, Goon: The True Story of an Unlikely Journey into Minor League Hockey, with Adam Frattasio. Smith's role on the teams he played for was that of the enforcer, which led the Hanover, Massachusetts, native to average 6.73 penalty minutes per game over his 60-game career.

Smith's book was later adapted into the comedy film Goon (2011), starring Seann William Scott in the role based on Smith. A sequel followed, entitled Goon: Last of the Enforcers (2017).

Elijah Hayward

Elijah Hayward (November 17, 1786 – September 22, 1864) was a lawyer in the U.S. State of Ohio who represented his county in the Ohio House of Representatives, sat on the Ohio Supreme Court for a short time, and was Commissioner of the General Land Office. He was a noted genealogist and historian.

Hanover Center Historic District

The Hanover Center Historic District encompasses the historic town center of Hanover, Massachusetts. Established in 1721, the town center includes the town hall, library, and church, as well as its first cemetery and the c. 1700 Stetson House, one of its oldest buildings. The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1996.

Hanover High School (Massachusetts)

Hanover High School is a public school located in Hanover, Massachusetts, United States. It encompasses grades 9-12. Hanover High is a continuation for Hanover Middle School, and before that either Sylvester/Center School or Cedar School. The original Hanover High School building was opened in 1958. The first graduating class was 1959. Sylvester School formerly served as the high school.

The current Hanover High School building was opened in 2011.Hanover's colors are blue and gold, and their mascot is the Indians.

On December 3rd, 2016, Hanover's varsity football team beat Grafton 21-0 for the Division 3 Championship

Notable Alumni: Nichole Hiltz, actress (In Plain Sight, Bones); Greg Long (Owner of We Are Triumphant) 2004-2008

Hanover Mall

Hanover Mall is a one-story, enclosed shopping mall with 80 shops and restaurants, including Macy's, Old Navy, Sears, and Walmart in Hanover, Massachusetts. It serves local communities as a neighborhood mall of sorts, an alternative for shoppers looking to avoid the larger, more crowded malls nearby.

Hanover Mall is located off exit 13 of Route 3 in Hanover, Massachusetts.

Indian Head River

The Indian Head River rises on the southern boundary of Hanover, Massachusetts and northern boundary line of Hanson, Massachusetts at the intersection of tributaries from Drinkwater River in Hanover and Indian Head Brook in Hanson. The river then flows east along the Hanover-Pembroke border. The river, 3.7 miles (6.0 km) long, is a tributary of the North River, which flows into Massachusetts Bay. The Indian Head River was an important fishing and water pathway for the Massachuset Indian village of Mattakeeset which was located around the Pembroke Ponds.

Jim Lonborg

James Reynold Lonborg (born April 16, 1942) is an American former professional baseball right-handed starting pitcher, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) with the Boston Red Sox (1965–1971), Milwaukee Brewers (1972), and Philadelphia Phillies (1973–1979). Though nicknamed "Gentleman Jim", he was known for fearlessly pitching on the inside of the plate, throughout his fifteen-year career.

Born in Santa Maria, California, Lonborg graduated from Stanford University. On August 14, 1963, he was signed as an amateur free agent by the Red Sox.

Lonborg enjoyed his best year in the 1967 Carl Yastrzemski-led Red Sox's "Impossible Dream" season, when he led American League (AL) pitchers in wins (22), games started (39), and strikeouts (246). That year, the Red Sox were involved in a four-way race for the AL pennant with the Detroit Tigers, Minnesota Twins, and Chicago White Sox; the race was reduced to three teams after the White Sox lost a doubleheader to the Kansas City Athletics, on September 27. The Red Sox and Twins faced each other in the season's final series and entered the final day (October 1) tied for first place; the Tigers were half a game out of first and needed to sweep a doubleheader from the California Angels to force a playoff between the winner of the Red Sox–Twins game. Lonborg outdueled Twins ace Dean Chance in that finale, while the Tigers defeated the Angels in the first game but lost the second, putting the Red Sox in the World Series for the first time since 1946. In that World Series against the St. Louis Cardinals, Lonborg pitched game two, tossing what was only the fourth one-hitter in Series history and followed that up with another victory in game five by limiting the Cards to three hits. Called upon to pitch the seventh and deciding game with only 2 days' rest, he lasted 6 innings, but allowed 6 earned runs in a 7–2 loss. In addition, Lonborg received the 1967 Cy Young Award (becoming the first Red Sox pitcher so honored), played in the All-Star Game, and finished prominently in voting for the MLB Most Valuable Player (MVP) award (placing 6th in the voting, with teammate Yastrzemski winning the award).

In December 1967, Lonborg tore the ligaments in his left knee while skiing and his pitching career thereafter was marked by many injuries. He won only 27 games from 1968 through 1971 and was traded to the Milwaukee Brewers after the 1971 season. While Lonborg performed well for Milwaukee in 1972, the team traded him in October to the Phillies. He spent the next six and a half seasons with Philadelphia before his release, midway through the 1979 season.

Lonborg‘s MLB career statistical totals include: a 157–137 record, with 1,475 strikeouts, a 3.86 earned run average (ERA), 90 complete games, 15 shutouts, and 2,464.1 innings, in 425 games.

After retiring, Lonborg attended the Tufts University School of Dental Medicine, and graduated in 1983. He worked as a general dentist in Hanover, Massachusetts until he retired in 2017. He is active in many nonprofit organizations, including Catholic Charities, Little League Baseball, and The Jimmy Fund. Lonborg currently lives in Scituate, Massachusetts.

Lonborg was selected to the Boston Red Sox Hall of Fame, in 2002.

On the Boston-based sitcom Cheers, the photo of Sam Malone pitching is actually that of Lonborg. At times, Sam also wore Lonborg's number 16 BoSox jersey.

Massachusetts Route 123

Route 123 is a west–east state highway in southeastern Massachusetts. It crosses northern Bristol and Plymouth counties, crossing several highways along the way.

Massachusetts Route 139

Route 139 is nominally a west–east state highway in southeastern Massachusetts.

Massachusetts Route 3

Route 3 is a southward continuation of U.S. Route 3, connecting Cambridge, Massachusetts with Cape Cod. All of it, except for the northernmost end in downtown Boston and Cambridge, is a Controlled-access highway.

The section from Boston to Braintree is also marked as Interstate 93 and U.S. Route 1 and is known in downtown Boston as the Central Artery, and south of downtown as the Southeast Expressway. In Braintree, I-93 and US 1 split to follow the Yankee Division Highway to Interstate 95, and Route 3 continues south on its own, as the Pilgrims Highway. This section extends to a junction with U.S. Route 6 in Sagamore, just before the Sagamore Bridge over the Cape Cod Canal where Route 3 originally ended at rotary. Replacement of this rotary with an elevated "flyover" interchange was completed in November 2006.

Because Route 3 and U.S. Route 3 are treated as the same route by the Massachusetts Department of Transportation (MassDOT), mileposts increase continuously from Bourne to the New Hampshire border.

Massachusetts Route 53

Route 53 is a south–north state highway in southeastern Massachusetts.

Nichole Hiltz

Nichole Marie Hiltz (born September 3, 1978) is an American actress. She has appeared in several films, made for TV movies and television series. Her most recent long-running television credit is for USA Network's In Plain Sight from 2008 to 2012 in which she portrayed Brandi Shannon, younger sister of the main character.

Hiltz has made guest appearances on several television shows including NYPD Blue, The O.C., Strong Medicine, Cold Case, The Shield, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, V.I.P., CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, Bones, and Smallville. She also appeared in three episodes of Desperate Housewives. She played the semi-regular character Ginny Dannegan in The Riches.

Pilgrim Ordnance Works

Pilgrim Ordnance Works was a magnesium grinding plant located in West Hanover, Massachusetts that operated under contract from the National Fireworks Inc. between 1942 and 1943.

Rockland Trust

Rockland Trust is a commercial bank based in Rockland, Massachusetts that serves Southeastern Massachusetts, Coastal Massachusetts, Cape Cod, and Boston's MetroWest. Established in 1907 as Rockland Trust Company. A wholly owned subsidiary of Independent Bank Corp., by October 2016, Rockland Trust had $7.5 billion in assets and employed around 1,000 people.

South Shore Vocational Technical High School

South Shore Vocational Technical High School is a public high school located in Hanover, Massachusetts. The school serves about 600 students in grades 9 to 12.

St. Andrew's Episcopal Church (Hanover, Massachusetts)

St. Andrew's Episcopal Church is an historic church located in Hanover, Massachusetts. It was founded in 1725 in what is now known as Norwell, an area that was then part of Scituate). It is one of the oldest parishes in the Episcopal Diocese of Massachusetts.

Historical population
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]
Municipalities and communities of Plymouth County, Massachusetts, United States
Major cities
Cities and towns
Cities and towns
Cities and towns

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