Hampton, New Hampshire

Hampton is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 14,976 at the 2010 census.[1][2] Located beside the Atlantic Ocean, Hampton is home to Hampton Beach, a summer tourist destination.

The densely populated central part of the town, where 9,656 people resided at the 2010 census,[1] is defined as the Hampton census-designated place (CDP) and is centered on the intersection of U.S. 1 and NH 27.

Hampton, New Hampshire
Great Boar's Head c. 1920
Great Boar's Head c. 1920
Official seal of Hampton, New Hampshire

Seal
Location in Rockingham County and the state of New Hampshire.
Location in Rockingham County and the state of New Hampshire.
Coordinates: 42°56′15″N 70°50′20″W / 42.93750°N 70.83889°WCoordinates: 42°56′15″N 70°50′20″W / 42.93750°N 70.83889°W
CountryUnited States
StateNew Hampshire
CountyRockingham
FoundedOctober 14, 1638
IncorporatedMay 22, 1639
VillagesHampton
Hampton Beach
Great Boars Head
North Beach
Plaice Cove
Government
 • Board of SelectmenRusty Bridle, Chair
James Waddell
Rick Griffin
Mary-Louise Woolsey
Regina Barnes
 • Town ManagerFrederick W. Welch
Area
 • Total14.7 sq mi (38.1 km2)
 • Land12.9 sq mi (33.4 km2)
 • Water1.8 sq mi (4.7 km2)  12.38%
Elevation
36 ft (11 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total14,976
 • Density1,161/sq mi (448.4/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP codes
03842–03843
Area code(s)603 Exchanges: 926,929
FIPS code33-33060
GNIS feature ID0873616
Websitehamptonnh.gov

History

First called the "Plantation of Winnacunnet", Hampton was one of four original New Hampshire townships chartered by the General Court of Massachusetts, which then held authority over the colony. Winnacunnet is an Algonquian Abenaki word meaning "pleasant pines" and is the name of the town's high school, serving students from Hampton and the surrounding towns of Seabrook, North Hampton, and Hampton Falls.

In March 1635, Richard Dummer and John Spencer of the Byfield section of Newbury, came round in their shallop, coming ashore at the landing, and were much impressed by the location. Dummer, who was a member of the General Court, got that body to lay its claim to the section and plan a plantation here. The Massachusetts General Court of March 3, 1636, ordered that Dummer and Spencer be given power to "To presse men to build there a Bound house."[3]

HamptonNH Library
Lane Memorial Library

The town was settled in 1638 by a group of parishioners led by Oxford University graduate Reverend Stephen Bachiler, who had formerly preached at the settlement's namesake: Hampton, England.[4] The town, incorporated in 1639, once included Seabrook, Kensington, Danville, Kingston, East Kingston, Sandown, North Hampton and Hampton Falls. On the 18th of September 1679, the Acts of Privy Council records that Stephen Bachiler's son-in-law, "Christopher Hussey of Hampton, Esquire", was appointed by King Charles II to "govern the provence of New Hampshire" as a member of the newly established council of seven men.[5][6]

Also among Hampton's earliest settlers was Thomas Leavitt, who previously had been among the first settlers at Exeter. His descendant Thomas Leavitt, Esq., lived in Hampton Falls, and was the leading Democratic politician in southern New Hampshire for many years.[7] He made a noted early survey and plan of the town of Hampton in 1806.[8] James Leavitt, of the same family, occupied the home which had previously belonged to Gen. Jonathan Moulton.[8] Later members of the family ran Leavitts' Hampton Beach Hotel, a fixture in the area for generations.[8]

Construction of the railroad in the 1850s, as well as the Exeter and Hampton Trolley line, made Hampton's oceanfront a popular resort. Hampton Beach remains a tourist destination, offering shops, restaurants, beaches, and summer seasonal housing.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 14.7 square miles (38.1 km2), of which 12.9 square miles (33.4 km2) is land and 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2) is water, comprising 12.38% of the town.[9]

Hampton is drained by the Hampton and Drakes rivers. The town lies fully within the New Hampshire Coastal watershed.[10] The highest point in Hampton is Bride Hill (approximately 150 feet (46 m) above sea level), near the town line with Exeter.

Demographics

Hotel Whittier & Annex, Hampton, NH
Hotel Whittier c. 1910
Historical population
Census Pop.
1790853
18008752.6%
181099013.1%
18201,09810.9%
18301,1020.4%
18401,32019.8%
18501,192−9.7%
18601,2303.2%
18701,177−4.3%
18801,1840.6%
18901,33012.3%
19001,209−9.1%
19101,2150.5%
19201,2513.0%
19301,50720.5%
19402,13741.8%
19502,84733.2%
19605,37988.9%
19708,01148.9%
198010,49331.0%
199012,32417.4%
200014,97321.5%
201014,9760.0%
Est. 201715,491[12]3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

As of the census of 2010, there were 14,976 people, 6,868 households, and 4,079 families residing in the town. There were 9,921 housing units, of which 3,053, or 30.8%, were vacant. 2,221 of the vacant units were for seasonal or recreational uses. The racial makeup of the town was 96.1% white, 0.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.2% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 0.5% some other race, and 1.3% from two or more races. 1.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[14]

Of the 6,868 households, 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were headed by married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.6% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.2% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16, and the average family size was 2.77.[14]

In the town, 17.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.0% were from 18 to 24, 22.3% from 25 to 44, 35.1% from 45 to 64, and 18.2% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.0 males.[14]

For the period 2011-2015, the estimated median annual income for a household was $76,836, and the median income for a family was $98,642. Male full-time workers had a median income of $65,519 versus $51,009 for females. The per capita income for the town was $45,189. 5.9% of the population and 4.7% of families were below the poverty line. 5.9% of the population under the age of 18 and 2.5% of those 65 or older were living in poverty.[15]

The Marshes, Hampton Beach, NH
The marshes, c. 1905

Education

Hampton is part of School Administrative Unit 90, which covers the elementary and middle schools[16] and SAU 21 which includes Winnacunnet High School, a regional high school serving Hampton and several surrounding communities.

Sites of interest

Notable people

Beach & Casino, Hampton Beach, NH
Beach & Casino c. 1910

References

  1. ^ a b United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved April 1, 2011.
  2. ^ "NOTE: Change to the New Hampshire 2010 P.L. 94-171 Summary File data as delivered" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
  3. ^ Sawyer, Roland D. (August 31, 1950). "The Pre-Bachiler Days of the White Men at Hampton". Some Account of the History of Earlier Hampton and its Daughter and Neighbor Towns. Hampton Union. Retrieved December 18, 2009.
  4. ^ Boyd, M. "Stephen Bachiler". © 2004 by Michelle Boyd, All rights reserved. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  5. ^ Robertson, William (1834). A General History of North and South America: Including the Celebrated Work by Robertson. Mayhew, Isaac, and Company. p. 424. Retrieved 6 November 2017. 18th September 1679....The king was represented by a president and council of his own appointment....to govern the provence of New Hampshire.....Christopher Hussey of Hampton, Esquire...to be of the council...
  6. ^ Dow, Joseph (1839). "An historical address: delivered at Hampton, New-Hampshire, on the 25th of ..." Printed by Asa McFarland. Retrieved 7 November 2017. The names of the first settlers are Stephen Bachiler, Christopher Hussey...
  7. ^ Brown, Warren (1900). History of the Town of Hampton Falls, New Hampshire, From the Time of the First Settlement Within Its Borders, 1640 until 1900. Manchester, N.H.: John B. Clarke Company.
  8. ^ a b c Dow, Joseph; Lucy Ellen Dow (1893). History of the Town of Hampton, New Hampshire, From Its Settlement in 1638 to the Autumn of 1892, Vol. II. Salem, Massachusetts: Salem Press Printing and Publishing Co.
  9. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001) - Hampton town, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau American Factfinder. Retrieved November 14, 2011.
  10. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
  11. ^ "Climate Statistics for Hampton, NH". Retrieved February 12, 2012.
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017 (PEPANNRES): Minor Civil Divisions – New Hampshire". Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  14. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (DP-1): Hampton town, Rockingham County, New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  15. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Hampton town, Rockingham County, New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  16. ^ http://www.sau90.org/

External links

Bill Alfonso

William Matthew "Bill" Sierra (born August 11, 1957) is an American former professional wrestling referee and manager better known by his ring name Bill Alfonso. He achieved his greatest success in Extreme Championship Wrestling in the mid-to-late 1990s. He is well known for the whistle that was almost always hanging around his neck, which he blew constantly during his wrestlers' matches.

Drakes River

The Drakes River is a 2.1-mile (3.4 km) long stream located in southeastern New Hampshire in the United States. It is a tributary of the Taylor River, a tidal inlet (via the Hampton River) of the Atlantic Ocean.

The river rises in an office park just southeast of the Interstate 95/NH 101 interchange in Hampton, New Hampshire. It flows south, through Coffin Pond, and reaches the Taylor River just west of the Route 1 crossing of the Hampton saltmarsh.

Dustin Farnum

Dustin Lancy Farnum (May 27, 1874 – July 3, 1929) was an American singer, dancer, and actor on the stage and in silent films. Although he played a wide variety of roles, he tended toward westerns and became one of the biggest stars of the genre.

Hampton Beach, New Hampshire

Hampton Beach is a village district, census-designated place, and beach resort in the town of Hampton, New Hampshire, United States, along the Atlantic Ocean. Its population at the 2010 census was 2,275. Hampton Beach is in Rockingham County, about 15 miles (24 km) south of Portsmouth. The community is a popular tourist destination and the busiest beach community in New Hampshire. Ocean Boulevard, the main street along the beach, includes a boardwalk, many shops and businesses, several seasonal hotels, and the Hampton Beach Casino Ballroom, which hosts national acts in the summer. Hampton Beach State Park was named one of four "Superstar" beaches in the United States in 2011, for having had perfect water-quality testing results in each of the previous three years.

Hampton Beach State Park

Hampton Beach State Park is a 50-acre (20 ha) state park in the community of Hampton Beach, New Hampshire, United States. It is located on the southeastern edge of New Hampshire on a peninsula where the Hampton River meets the Atlantic Ocean. Ocean Boulevard (New Hampshire Route 1A) forms the western edge of the park.

The park has a large beach with lifeguards, playground, an amphitheater, public information services, public restrooms, pavilion, comfort station and first aid. Activities in the park include swimming, fishing, picnicking, and RV camping with full hook-ups in the campground.

Jane Pierce

Jane Means Pierce (née Appleton; March 12, 1806 – December 2, 1863), wife of U.S. President Franklin Pierce, was the First Lady of the United States from 1853 to 1857.

New Hampton, New Hampshire

New Hampton is a town in Belknap County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 2,165 at the 2010 census. A winter sports resort area, New Hampton is home to George Duncan State Forest and to the New Hampton School, a private preparatory school established in 1821.

The primary village in town, where 351 people resided at the 2010 census, is defined as the New Hampton census-designated place, and is located along New Hampshire Route 132, just south of its intersection with Route 104.

New Hampton School

New Hampton School is an independent college preparatory high school in New Hampton, New Hampshire, United States. It has 305 students from over 30 states and 22 countries. The average class size is eleven, and the student-faculty ratio is five to one. New Hampton School does not require a uniform.

New Hampton School is a member of the Independent Schools Association of Northern New England and is accredited by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges. The school became an International Baccalaureate World School in 2010.

North Hampton, New Hampshire

North Hampton is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 4,301 at the 2010 census. While the majority of the town is inland, North Hampton includes a part of New Hampshire's limited Atlantic seacoast.

North Hampton State Beach

North Hampton State Beach is a small state park located on the Atlantic Ocean in the town of North Hampton, New Hampshire. The park offers swimming at a sandy beach with a bathhouse. Metered parking is available.

Old River (New Hampshire)

The Old River is a 3.1-mile (5.0 km) long stream located in southeastern New Hampshire in the United States. It is a tributary of the Taylor River, the primary tributary of the Hampton River estuary connected to the Atlantic Ocean.

The river's entire course is within Hampton, New Hampshire. It rises north of the center of town, in a wetland, and flows west, past the Interstate 95/NH 101 interchange at the Hampton tollbooths. The river continues southwest, passing through Car Barn Pond, and reaches the Taylor River upstream from Coffins Mill.

Robert Cushing

Robert Reynolds 'Renny' Cushing (born July 20, 1952) is a Democratic member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives from the town of Hampton. First elected in 1996, Cushing currently represents Rockingham District 21. He has served several non-consecutive terms (previously representing Rockingham Districts 15 and 22). Cushing graduated from Winnacunnet High School in Hampton, and his first foray into civic engagement was in the 1970s when he was involved with the Clamshell Alliance, an anti-nuclear coalition that attempted to prevent the construction of a nuclear power plant in nearby Seabrook, New Hampshire. In June 1988, his father was murdered in his own house. In years subsequent, he has become an advocate to abolish capital punishment. Cushing lives in Hampton with his wife and has three adult daughters.

South Hampton, New Hampshire

South Hampton is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 814 at the 2010 census. South Hampton is home to Cowden State Forest and Powwow River State Forest.

Stephen Bachiler

Stephen Bachiler (23 June 1561 - 28 October 1656) was an English clergyman who was an early proponent of the separation of church and state in American Colonies. He is also known for starting such settlements as Hampton, New Hampshire.

Steve Merrill

Stephen Everett Merrill (born June 21, 1946) is an American lawyer and Republican politician from Manchester, New Hampshire. He served as the 77th Governor of New Hampshire from 1993 to 1997.

Taylor River (New Hampshire)

The Taylor River is a 10.6-mile (17.1 km) long river located in southeastern New Hampshire in the United States. It is a tributary of the Hampton River, a tidal inlet of the Atlantic Ocean. Approximately two miles of the Taylor River are tidal.

The river rises on the border between Hampton Falls and Kensington, New Hampshire. It follows a winding course north, then east, then southeast through the rolling lowlands of Hampton Falls, reaching tidewater at a dam and fish ladder where Interstate 95 crosses the river. For the lower four miles of the river, it forms the boundary between Hampton Falls and Hampton, New Hampshire. The freshwater portion of the river is an active recreation area for summer fishing, kayaking and canoeing. Ice fishing and cross country skiing are also pastimes here. The dam was built in the 1950s in order to construct Interstate 95 and is owned by the New Hampshire Department of Transportation.

Tristram Shaw

Tristram Shaw (May 23, 1786 – March 14, 1843) was a United States Representative from New Hampshire. He was born in Hampton, New Hampshire in 1786. He completed preparatory studies there.

Shaw held several local offices in Exeter, New Hampshire before he was elected as a Democrat to the Twenty-sixth and Twenty-seventh Congresses (March 4, 1839 – March 3, 1843). He died in Exeter in 1843, shortly after leaving Congress, and was buried in Bride Hill Cemetery in Hampton.

Winnacunnet High School

Winnacunnet High School is an American public high school located in Hampton, New Hampshire. It serves students in grades 9 through 12 who live in the communities of Hampton, Seabrook, North Hampton, and Hampton Falls. Students from South Hampton attend Amesbury High School. The name Winnacunnet is a Native American word that means "beautiful place in the pines". The current principal, since 2010, is William McGowan.

Winnicut River

The Winnicut River is a 9.1-mile (14.6 km) long river in the Seacoast region of New Hampshire in the United States. It is the major southeastern tributary of Great Bay, an estuary connected by way of the tidal Piscataqua River to the Atlantic Ocean.

The Winnicut River rises at the northern outlet of Line Swamp in the town of North Hampton, New Hampshire, just west of Interstate 95. The river flows north through gently rolling fields and large-lot suburban development, eventually entering the town of Greenland. It crosses New Hampshire Route 33 and becomes a tidal river for its remaining mile to Great Bay.

Climate data for Hampton, New Hampshire
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 62
(17)
72
(22)
89
(32)
94
(34)
94
(34)
96
(36)
101
(38)
104
(40)
96
(36)
86
(30)
78
(26)
75
(24)
104
(40)
Average high °F (°C) 34
(1)
38
(3)
45
(7)
57
(14)
68
(20)
77
(25)
82
(28)
81
(27)
73
(23)
61
(16)
50
(10)
39
(4)
59
(15)
Average low °F (°C) 15
(−9)
18
(−8)
25
(−4)
34
(1)
43
(6)
53
(12)
59
(15)
57
(14)
50
(10)
39
(4)
31
(−1)
21
(−6)
37
(3)
Record low °F (°C) −26
(−32)
−15
(−26)
−6
(−21)
13
(−11)
15
(−9)
33
(1)
38
(3)
33
(1)
23
(−5)
17
(−8)
−6
(−21)
−17
(−27)
−26
(−32)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.61
(92)
3.70
(94)
4.99
(127)
4.70
(119)
4.24
(108)
4.34
(110)
4.10
(104)
3.49
(89)
4.05
(103)
4.57
(116)
4.86
(123)
4.39
(112)
51.04
(1,296)
Source: The Weather Channel (Historical Monthly Averages) [11]
Places adjacent to Hampton, New Hampshire
Municipalities and communities of Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States
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