Hampden County is a non-governmental county located in the Pioneer Valley of the state of Massachusetts, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, Hampden County's population was 463,490. As of 2018, Hampden County's estimated population was 470,406. Its traditional county seat is Springfield, the Connecticut River Valley's largest city, and economic and cultural capital; with an estimated population of 154,758, approximately 1 in 3 residents of Hampden County live in Springfield. Hampden County was split from Hampshire County in 1812, because Northampton, Massachusetts, was made Hampshire County's "shire town" in 1794; however, Springfield—theretofore Hampshire County's traditional shire town, dating back to its founding in 1636—grew at a pace far quicker than Northampton and was granted shire town-status over its own, southerly jurisdiction. It was named for parliamentarian John Hampden. To the north of Hampden County is modern-day Hampshire County; to the west is Berkshire County; to the east is Worcester County; to the south are Litchfield County, Hartford County, and Tolland County in Connecticut.
Hampden County is part of the Springfield, MA Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is the most urban county in Western Massachusetts. The Knowledge Corridor surrounding Springfield-Hartford is New England's second most populous urban area (after Greater Boston) with 1.9 million people.
|Hampden County, Massachusetts|
Location within the U.S. state of Massachusetts
Massachusetts's location within the U.S.
|Named for||John Hampden|
|• Total||634 sq mi (1,642 km2)|
|• Land||617 sq mi (1,598 km2)|
|• Water||17 sq mi (44 km2), 2.7%|
|• Density||751/sq mi (290/km2)|
|Congressional districts||1st, 2nd|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC−5/−4|
As with most Massachusetts counties, Hampden County exists today only as a historical geographic region, and has no county government. All former county functions were assumed by state agencies in 1998. The sheriff and some other regional officials with specific duties are still elected locally to perform duties within the county region, but there is no county council, county commission or other county governing body. Communities are now granted the right to form their own regional compacts for sharing services. Hampden County and Hampshire County together are part of the Pioneer Valley Planning Commission.
|Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of February 1, 2017|
|Party||Number of Voters||Percentage|
|County-level state agency heads|
|Clerk of Courts:||Laura S. Gentile (D)|
|District Attorney:||Anthony Gulluni (D)|
|Register of Deeds:||Cheryl Coakley-Rivera (D)|
|Register of Probate:||Suzanne Seguin (I)|
|County Sheriff:||Nicholas Cocchi (D)|
|State Representative(s):||by community|
|State Senator(s):||by community|
|Governor's Councilor(s):||Jennie Caissie (R)|
Mary Hurley (D)
|U.S. Representative(s):||Richard Neal (D-1st District),|
|U.S. Senators:||Elizabeth Warren (D), Ed Markey (D)|
|Cities and Towns of Hampden County|
The following are neighborhoods located in Springfield or West Springfield.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 463,490 people, 179,927 households, and 115,961 families residing in the county. The population density was 751.0 inhabitants per square mile (290.0/km2). There were 192,175 housing units at an average density of 311.4 per square mile (120.2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 76.5% white, 9.0% black or African American, 2.0% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 9.2% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 20.9% of the population. The largest ancestry groups were:
Of the 179,927 households, 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.6% were non-families, and 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.09. The median age was 38.6 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $47,724 and the median income for a family was $61,061. Males had a median income of $50,207 versus $37,765 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,718. About 13.2% of families and 17.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.
The ranking of unincorporated communities that are included on the list are reflective if the census designated locations and villages were included as cities or towns. Data is from the 2007–2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.
Big Pond is a 330-acre (1 km2) lake located in Otis, Massachusetts. The lake is popular for boating, swimming, fishing, water skiing, snowmobiling, camping, and water-related recreation. Fish include lake trout, bass, white perch, yellow perch, catfish, and bluegills. The reservoir is stocked with trout by the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries & Wildlife.The Big Pond Association ( www.bigpondassociation.com ) is a 501c3 non-profit that oversees a number of activities throughout the year. In addition, the association has an active weed watcher program to identify invasive plant species and raises awareness of the threat.Bowles Agawam Airport
Bowles Agawam Airport was an airfield operational in the mid-20th century in Agawam, Massachusetts.Chicopee River
The Chicopee River is an 18.0-mile-long (29.0 km) tributary of the Connecticut River in Metropolitan Springfield, Massachusetts, known for fast-moving water and its extraordinarily large basin: the Connecticut River's largest tributary basin. The Chicopee River originates in a Palmer, Massachusetts village called Three Rivers, and then flows into the Connecticut River after passing through Ludlow, the Indian Orchard neighborhood of Springfield, and then curving sharply northwest before finding its confluence in downtown Chicopee, Massachusetts.Clark Island (Massachusetts)
Clark Island is an island of Massachusetts, located in the Otis Reservoir in Tolland State Forest.East Mountain (Massachusetts)
East Mountain is a traprock mountain ridge located in the Connecticut River Valley of Massachusetts. It is part of the narrow, linear Metacomet Ridge that extends from Long Island Sound near New Haven, Connecticut, north through the Connecticut River Valley of Massachusetts to the Vermont border. East Mountain is known for its extensive scenic cliffs, unique microclimate ecosystems, and rare plant communities. It is traversed by the 110-mile (180 km) Metacomet-Monadnock Trail.Holland, Massachusetts
Holland is a town in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 2,481 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The area around the town center comprises the census-designated place of Holland.Holyoke Canal System
The Holyoke Canal System is a system of power canals in Holyoke, Massachusetts. It is split into three canals based on elevation and distance from the inlet at the Holyoke Dam- the First Level Canal, Second Level Canal, and Third Level Canal. Constructed over a period between 1848 and 1892, the Canal System, along with the Dam, is recognized as a Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers for its use in the development of the Venturi meter by Clemens Herschel, the first means of measuring large-scale flows, and the McCormick-Holyoke Turbine by John B. McCormick, which doubled the efficiency of turbines to more than 80% in its time.Holyoke Heritage State Park
Holyoke Heritage State Park is history-oriented state park located in the city of Holyoke, Massachusetts. The park opened in 1986 on the site of the William Skinner Silk Mill which was lost to fire in 1980. The park is managed by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation.Hubbard River
The Hubbard River, 4.6 miles (7.4 km) long, is part of the Farmington River watershed. It flows through Connecticut and Massachusetts.The river is a main feature of Massachusetts's Granville State Forest where it drops 450 feet (140 m) in 2.5 miles (4.0 km). It is named for Samuel Hubbard, the English colonist who first came to the area in 1749. The river heads in Tolland, Massachusetts, at the junction of Babcock Brook and Hall Pond Brook, then flows southeast across Granville, Massachusetts to Barkhamsted Reservoir in the town of Hartland, Connecticut.Littleville Lake (Massachusetts)
Littleville Lake is located mostly in the town of Chester in Hampden County and partly in the town of Huntington in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. It was created by the US Army Corps of Engineers when the Middle Branch of the Westfield River was dammed to control flooding.Longmeadow, Massachusetts
Longmeadow is a town in Hampden County, Massachusetts, in the United States. The population was 15,784 at the 2010 census.Metropolitan Airport
"Metropolitan Airport" is also the former name of Van Nuys AirportMetropolitan Airport (IATA: PMX, FAA LID: 13MA) was a privately owned, private-use airport located in the town of Palmer, in Hampden County, Massachusetts, USA. It has one runway, averaged 22 flights per day, and had approximately 24 aircraft based on its field.It was formerly a public-use general aviation facility with an FAA location identifier of PMX.
The airport closed in early 2000 and was going to be a residential subdivision. As of 2016, it is a large above ground photovoltaic solar array facility.Mill River (Springfield, Massachusetts)
The Mill River is a 1.25-mile (2.01 km) long tributary of the Connecticut River in Springfield, Massachusetts. It flows from Watershops Pond (also known as Lake Massasoit) to its confluence with the Connecticut River. It is referred to as "The Miracle Mile" in a 2009 master's thesis that outlines possibilities for reclaiming the river's mouth as a recreational area. As of 2011, the final 350 feet (110 m) of the river, including its mouth, is confined in a pipe underneath Interstate 91, railroad tracks and a car dealership. Many Springfield residents bemoan the loss of the Mill River as a recreational area, and hope to gain greater access to both it and Connecticut Rivers in upcoming years. As it has for over a century, today the Mill River serves as a barrier between Springfield neighborhoods. Surrounding it are some of the most densely urbanized locations in Springfield.At the head of Springfield's Mill River there are steep, stone retaining walls that were built to prevent the river's banks from degrading any further. The Mill River was once valued for its benefits to developing industry. Today, incompatible land uses present a problem to "freeing" the Mill River to become a recreational area again. A 2009 master's thesis describes a plan that could revitalize the Mill River and its surrounding neighborhoods by remaking the river as a recreational attraction, connecting the Connecticut River and the Basketball Hall of Fame with Watershops Pond and Springfield College.Mount Tom (Massachusetts)
Mount Tom, 1,202 feet (366 m), is a steep, rugged traprock mountain peak on the west bank of the Connecticut River 4.5 miles (7 km) northwest of downtown Holyoke, Massachusetts. The mountain is the southernmost and highest peak of the Mount Tom Range and the highest traprock peak of the 100-mile (160 km) long Metacomet Ridge. A popular outdoor recreation resource, the mountain is known for its continuous line of cliffs and talus slopes visible from the south and west, its dramatic 1,100-foot (340 m) rise over the surrounding Connecticut River Valley, and its rare plant communities and microclimate ecosystems.Located in Easthampton and Holyoke, Mount Tom is traversed by the 110-mile (180 km) Metacomet-Monadnock Trail and is the transmitter location for three Springfield–Holyoke television stations: WGBY, WGGB, and WSHM-LD, and for radio stations WHYN-FM and WWEI. The name "Mount Tom" is sometimes used to describe the entire Mount Tom Range.National Register of Historic Places listings in Hampden County, Massachusetts
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Hampden County, Massachusetts.
This is a list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. Latitude and longitude coordinates are provided for many National Register properties and districts; these locations may be seen together in a map.There are 160 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county, including 2 National Historic Landmarks. The city of Springfield is the location of 88 of these properties and districts, including 1 of the National Historic Landmarks; they are listed separately, while the remaining 72 properties and districts, including 1 National Historic Landmark, are listed here.
This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted July 18, 2019.Palmer, Massachusetts
Palmer is a city in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 12,140 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. Palmer adopted a home rule charter in 2004 with a council-manager form of government. Palmer is one of thirteen Massachusetts municipalities that have applied for, and been granted, city forms of government but wish to retain "The town of” in their official names.The villages of Bondsville, Thorndike, Depot Village, and Three Rivers are located in the town.Quinebaug River
The Quinebaug River is a river in south-central Massachusetts and eastern Connecticut, with watershed extending into western Rhode Island. The name "Quinebaug" comes from the southern New England Native American term, spelled variously Qunnubbâgge, Quinibauge, etc., meaning "long pond", from qunni-, "long", and -paug, "pond". The river is one of the namesake rivers in the Quinebaug and Shetucket Rivers Valley National Heritage Corridor.Westfield-Barnes Regional Airport
Westfield-Barnes Regional Airport (IATA: BAF, ICAO: KBAF, FAA LID: BAF) is a public/military airport in Hampden County, Massachusetts, three miles (6 km) north of Westfield and northwest of Springfield. It was formerly Barnes Municipal Airport; the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015 categorized it as a general aviation facility. Westfield-Barnes is one of Massachusetts' largest airports with a strong flight training, general aviation, and military presence.Wilbraham, Massachusetts
Wilbraham is a town in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. It is a suburb of the City of Springfield, and part of the Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 14,868 at the 2010 census.
Part of the town comprises the census-designated place of Wilbraham.
|2016||38.2% 78,685||54.6% 112,590||7.2% 14,826|
|2012||36.6% 73,392||61.7% 123,619||1.7% 3,388|
|2008||36.1% 71,350||61.4% 121,454||2.5% 4,916|
|2004||38.0% 70,925||60.9% 113,710||1.1% 2,004|
|2000||34.6% 59,558||58.2% 100,103||7.2% 12,432|
|1996||28.2% 48,513||61.0% 105,050||10.9% 18,676|
|1992||29.0% 54,621||45.7% 86,026||25.3% 47,618|
|1988||43.2% 74,872||56.1% 97,332||0.7% 1,216|
|1984||51.1% 89,330||48.6% 84,985||0.4% 656|
|1980||40.4% 72,528||44.7% 80,369||14.9% 26,823|
|1976||37.8% 70,008||59.4% 110,028||2.8% 5,254|
|1972||47.3% 86,164||52.1% 94,945||0.6% 1,024|
|1968||31.3% 55,783||62.5% 111,376||6.2% 10,991|
|1964||24.9% 44,299||74.7% 133,085||0.5% 835|
|1960||37.2% 72,054||62.5% 121,061||0.4% 713|
|1956||55.9% 104,689||43.6% 81,743||0.5% 935|
|1952||51.9% 98,641||47.8% 90,936||0.3% 616|
|1948||41.9% 70,256||56.4% 94,609||1.7% 2,855|
|1944||40.7% 63,293||59.1% 91,819||0.2% 374|
|1940||41.7% 64,502||57.8% 89,477||0.5% 817|
|1936||36.6% 51,288||57.2% 80,164||6.2% 8,728|
|1932||44.5% 55,032||51.1% 63,189||4.4% 5,408|
|1928||47.2% 56,063||52.2% 62,056||0.6% 703|
|1924||60.0% 46,489||24.6% 19,079||15.4% 11,947|
|1920||68.9% 46,741||28.3% 19,156||2.8% 1,923|
|1916||50.2% 18,207||46.9% 17,028||2.9% 1,042|
|1912||37.5% 11,393||34.9% 10,620||27.6% 8,410|
|1908||52.2% 14,485||35.7% 9,910||12.1% 3,358|
|1904||57.6% 14,962||36.1% 9,369||6.3% 1,641|
|1900||54.7% 13,757||41.4% 10,424||3.9% 989|
|1896||67.7% 16,064||28.6% 6,787||3.8% 893|
|1892||48.8% 11,373||48.2% 11,228||3.0% 693|
|1888||49.7% 9,577||47.6% 9,177||2.7% 511|
|1884||47.8% 7,897||43.8% 7,245||8.4% 1,394|
|1880||57.7% 8,673||41.2% 6,194||1.1% 170|
|1876||54.5% 7,963||45.2% 6,605||0.3% 46|
Places adjacent to Hampden County, Massachusetts
Municipalities and communities of Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States
‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties
|Gulf of Maine|
|Long Island Sound|
|Upper New York Bay|
Massachusetts public high schools
Italics indicates closed schools