Hampden County, Massachusetts

Hampden County is a non-governmental county located in the Pioneer Valley of the state of Massachusetts, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, Hampden County's population was 463,490.[1] As of 2018, Hampden County's estimated population was 470,406.[2] Its traditional county seat is Springfield,[3] the Connecticut River Valley's largest city, and economic and cultural capital; with an estimated population of 154,758, approximately 1 in 3 residents of Hampden County live in Springfield. Hampden County was split from Hampshire County in 1812, because Northampton, Massachusetts, was made Hampshire County's "shire town" in 1794; however, Springfield—theretofore Hampshire County's traditional shire town, dating back to its founding in 1636—grew at a pace far quicker than Northampton and was granted shire town-status over its own, southerly jurisdiction. It was named for parliamentarian John Hampden.[4] To the north of Hampden County is modern-day Hampshire County; to the west is Berkshire County; to the east is Worcester County; to the south are Litchfield County, Hartford County, and Tolland County in Connecticut.

Hampden County is part of the Springfield, MA Metropolitan Statistical Area. It is the most urban county in Western Massachusetts. The Knowledge Corridor surrounding Springfield-Hartford is New England's second most populous urban area (after Greater Boston) with 1.9 million people.

Coordinates: 42°08′N 72°38′W / 42.14°N 72.63°W

Hampden County, Massachusetts
County
Hampden County Courthouse - DSC03264
Seal of Hampden County, Massachusetts

Seal
Map of Massachusetts highlighting Hampden County

Location within the U.S. state of Massachusetts
Map of the United States highlighting Massachusetts

Massachusetts's location within the U.S.
Founded1812
Named forJohn Hampden
SeatSpringfield
Largest citySpringfield
Area
 • Total634 sq mi (1,642 km2)
 • Land617 sq mi (1,598 km2)
 • Water17 sq mi (44 km2), 2.7%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)470,406
 • Density751/sq mi (290/km2)
Congressional districts1st, 2nd
Time zoneEastern: UTC−5/−4

Law and government

As with most Massachusetts counties, Hampden County exists today only as a historical geographic region, and has no county government. All former county functions were assumed by state agencies in 1998. The sheriff and some other regional officials with specific duties are still elected locally to perform duties within the county region, but there is no county council, county commission or other county governing body. Communities are now granted the right to form their own regional compacts for sharing services. Hampden County and Hampshire County together are part of the Pioneer Valley Planning Commission.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of February 1, 2017[5]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
Democratic 115,363 36.71%
Republican 38,837 12.36%
Unenrolled 155,646 49.53%
Minor Parties 4,418 1.40%
Total 314,264 100%

Government and politics

County-level state agency heads
Clerk of Courts: Laura S. Gentile (D)
District Attorney: Anthony Gulluni (D)
Register of Deeds: Cheryl Coakley-Rivera (D)
Register of Probate: Suzanne Seguin (I)
County Sheriff: Nicholas Cocchi (D)
State government
State Representative(s): by community
State Senator(s): by community
Governor's Councilor(s): Jennie Caissie (R)
Mary Hurley (D)
Federal government
U.S. Representative(s): Richard Neal (D-1st District),
U.S. Senators: Elizabeth Warren (D), Ed Markey (D)

Geography

Cities and Towns of Hampden County
Chester
Blandford
Tolland
Granville
Russell
Montgomery
Westfield
Southwick
Holyoke
Chicopee
West Springfield
Springfield
Agawam
Longmeadow
East Longmeadow
Ludlow
Wilbraham
Hampden
Palmer
Monson
Brimfield
Wales
Holland

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 634 square miles (1,640 km2), of which 617 square miles (1,600 km2) is land and 17 square miles (44 km2) (2.7%) is water.[7]

Adjacent counties

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

City neighborhoods

The following are neighborhoods located in Springfield or West Springfield.

National Parks

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
182028,021
183031,63912.9%
184037,36618.1%
185051,28337.2%
186057,36611.9%
187078,40936.7%
1880104,14232.8%
1890135,71330.3%
1900175,60329.4%
1910231,36931.8%
1920300,30529.8%
1930335,49611.7%
1940332,107−1.0%
1950367,97110.8%
1960429,35316.7%
1970459,0506.9%
1980443,018−3.5%
1990456,3103.0%
2000456,2280.0%
2010463,4901.6%
Est. 2018470,406[2]1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790–1960[9] 1900–1990[10]
1990–2000[11] 2010–2018[1]

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 463,490 people, 179,927 households, and 115,961 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 751.0 inhabitants per square mile (290.0/km2). There were 192,175 housing units at an average density of 311.4 per square mile (120.2/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 76.5% white, 9.0% black or African American, 2.0% Asian, 0.4% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 9.2% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 20.9% of the population.[12] The largest ancestry groups were:[14]

Of the 179,927 households, 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.6% were non-families, and 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.09. The median age was 38.6 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,724 and the median income for a family was $61,061. Males had a median income of $50,207 versus $37,765 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,718. About 13.2% of families and 17.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.5% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Demographic breakdown by town

Income

The ranking of unincorporated communities that are included on the list are reflective if the census designated locations and villages were included as cities or towns. Data is from the 2007–2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.[16][17][18]

Rank Town Per capita
income
Median
household
income
Median
family
income
Population Number of
households
1 Longmeadow Town $50,203 $100,092 $111,803 15,772 5,605
2 Wilbraham Town $39,372 $88,839 $107,871 14,145 5,393
3 Hampden Town $38,396 $79,773 $103,173 5,134 1,960
4 Montgomery Town $36,575 $78,125 $90,313 742 291
5 Tolland Town $36,567 $67,083 $75,625 434 164
6 Blandford Town $36,412 $78,875 $82,656 1,174 462
Massachusetts State $35,051 $65,981 $83,371 6,512,227 2,522,409
7 East Longmeadow Town $34,417 $76,517 $89,570 15,555 5,660
8 Southwick Town $33,753 $74,721 $86,915 9,425 3,657
9 Wales Town $32,129 $60,938 $70,536 1,914 773
10 Granville Town $32,050 $71,667 $85,625 1,444 554
11 Brimfield Town $31,671 $78,380 $86,695 3,582 1,385
12 Monson Town $31,274 $70,485 $86,333 8,531 3,318
Monson Center CDP $29,938 $50,242 $51,691 1,880 846
13 Agawam City $29,914 $65,339 $76,258 28,408 11,506
14 Holland Town $29,835 $69,565 $79,779 2,595 998
15 West Springfield City $27,946 $54,251 $63,954 28,320 11,571
United States Country $27,915 $52,762 $64,293 306,603,772 114,761,359
16 Palmer City $27,694 $50,864 $58,144 12,161 5,006
17 Ludlow Town $27,644 $60,694 $73,048 21,131 7,876
18 Chester Town $27,630 $56,711 $69,063 1,320 528
19 Westfield City $26,605 $53,772 $72,210 41,025 15,207
20 Russell Town $25,600 $60,398 $72,759 1,846 681
Hampden County County $25,363 $48,866 $61,800 462,752 177,954
21 Chicopee City $23,703 $45,763 $58,118 55,205 23,136
22 Holyoke City $20,370 $33,915 $42,033 39,897 16,012
23 Springfield City $18,483 $35,603 $41,454 152,992 56,211

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 20, 2018.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 148.
  5. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of February 1, 2017" (PDF). Massachusetts Elections Division. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 19, 2018. Retrieved July 6, 2018.
  6. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 29, 2018.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 14, 2014. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 – County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  14. ^ "DP02 Selected Social Characteristics in the United States – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  15. ^ "DP03 Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 12, 2016.
  16. ^ "SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS 2007–2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 26, 2013.
  17. ^ "ACS DEMOGRAPHIC AND HOUSING ESTIMATES 2007–2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 26, 2013.
  18. ^ "HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES 2007–2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 26, 2013.

Further reading

External links

Big Pond (Massachusetts)

Big Pond is a 330-acre (1 km2) lake located in Otis, Massachusetts. The lake is popular for boating, swimming, fishing, water skiing, snowmobiling, camping, and water-related recreation. Fish include lake trout, bass, white perch, yellow perch, catfish, and bluegills. The reservoir is stocked with trout by the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries & Wildlife.The Big Pond Association ( www.bigpondassociation.com ) is a 501c3 non-profit that oversees a number of activities throughout the year. In addition, the association has an active weed watcher program to identify invasive plant species and raises awareness of the threat.

Bowles Agawam Airport

Bowles Agawam Airport was an airfield operational in the mid-20th century in Agawam, Massachusetts.

Chicopee River

The Chicopee River is an 18.0-mile-long (29.0 km) tributary of the Connecticut River in Metropolitan Springfield, Massachusetts, known for fast-moving water and its extraordinarily large basin: the Connecticut River's largest tributary basin. The Chicopee River originates in a Palmer, Massachusetts village called Three Rivers, and then flows into the Connecticut River after passing through Ludlow, the Indian Orchard neighborhood of Springfield, and then curving sharply northwest before finding its confluence in downtown Chicopee, Massachusetts.

Clark Island (Massachusetts)

Clark Island is an island of Massachusetts, located in the Otis Reservoir in Tolland State Forest.

East Mountain (Massachusetts)

East Mountain is a traprock mountain ridge located in the Connecticut River Valley of Massachusetts. It is part of the narrow, linear Metacomet Ridge that extends from Long Island Sound near New Haven, Connecticut, north through the Connecticut River Valley of Massachusetts to the Vermont border. East Mountain is known for its extensive scenic cliffs, unique microclimate ecosystems, and rare plant communities. It is traversed by the 110-mile (180 km) Metacomet-Monadnock Trail.

Holland, Massachusetts

Holland is a town in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 2,481 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The area around the town center comprises the census-designated place of Holland.

Holyoke Canal System

The Holyoke Canal System is a system of power canals in Holyoke, Massachusetts. It is split into three canals based on elevation and distance from the inlet at the Holyoke Dam- the First Level Canal, Second Level Canal, and Third Level Canal. Constructed over a period between 1848 and 1892, the Canal System, along with the Dam, is recognized as a Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers for its use in the development of the Venturi meter by Clemens Herschel, the first means of measuring large-scale flows, and the McCormick-Holyoke Turbine by John B. McCormick, which doubled the efficiency of turbines to more than 80% in its time.

Holyoke Heritage State Park

Holyoke Heritage State Park is history-oriented state park located in the city of Holyoke, Massachusetts. The park opened in 1986 on the site of the William Skinner Silk Mill which was lost to fire in 1980. The park is managed by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation.

Hubbard River

The Hubbard River, 4.6 miles (7.4 km) long, is part of the Farmington River watershed. It flows through Connecticut and Massachusetts.The river is a main feature of Massachusetts's Granville State Forest where it drops 450 feet (140 m) in 2.5 miles (4.0 km). It is named for Samuel Hubbard, the English colonist who first came to the area in 1749. The river heads in Tolland, Massachusetts, at the junction of Babcock Brook and Hall Pond Brook, then flows southeast across Granville, Massachusetts to Barkhamsted Reservoir in the town of Hartland, Connecticut.

Littleville Lake (Massachusetts)

Littleville Lake is located mostly in the town of Chester in Hampden County and partly in the town of Huntington in Hampshire County, Massachusetts. It was created by the US Army Corps of Engineers when the Middle Branch of the Westfield River was dammed to control flooding.

Longmeadow, Massachusetts

Longmeadow is a town in Hampden County, Massachusetts, in the United States. The population was 15,784 at the 2010 census.

Metropolitan Airport

"Metropolitan Airport" is also the former name of Van Nuys AirportMetropolitan Airport (IATA: PMX, FAA LID: 13MA) was a privately owned, private-use airport located in the town of Palmer, in Hampden County, Massachusetts, USA. It has one runway, averaged 22 flights per day, and had approximately 24 aircraft based on its field.It was formerly a public-use general aviation facility with an FAA location identifier of PMX.

The airport closed in early 2000 and was going to be a residential subdivision. As of 2016, it is a large above ground photovoltaic solar array facility.

Mill River (Springfield, Massachusetts)

The Mill River is a 1.25-mile (2.01 km) long tributary of the Connecticut River in Springfield, Massachusetts. It flows from Watershops Pond (also known as Lake Massasoit) to its confluence with the Connecticut River. It is referred to as "The Miracle Mile" in a 2009 master's thesis that outlines possibilities for reclaiming the river's mouth as a recreational area. As of 2011, the final 350 feet (110 m) of the river, including its mouth, is confined in a pipe underneath Interstate 91, railroad tracks and a car dealership. Many Springfield residents bemoan the loss of the Mill River as a recreational area, and hope to gain greater access to both it and Connecticut Rivers in upcoming years. As it has for over a century, today the Mill River serves as a barrier between Springfield neighborhoods. Surrounding it are some of the most densely urbanized locations in Springfield.At the head of Springfield's Mill River there are steep, stone retaining walls that were built to prevent the river's banks from degrading any further. The Mill River was once valued for its benefits to developing industry. Today, incompatible land uses present a problem to "freeing" the Mill River to become a recreational area again. A 2009 master's thesis describes a plan that could revitalize the Mill River and its surrounding neighborhoods by remaking the river as a recreational attraction, connecting the Connecticut River and the Basketball Hall of Fame with Watershops Pond and Springfield College.

Mount Tom (Massachusetts)

Mount Tom, 1,202 feet (366 m), is a steep, rugged traprock mountain peak on the west bank of the Connecticut River 4.5 miles (7 km) northwest of downtown Holyoke, Massachusetts. The mountain is the southernmost and highest peak of the Mount Tom Range and the highest traprock peak of the 100-mile (160 km) long Metacomet Ridge. A popular outdoor recreation resource, the mountain is known for its continuous line of cliffs and talus slopes visible from the south and west, its dramatic 1,100-foot (340 m) rise over the surrounding Connecticut River Valley, and its rare plant communities and microclimate ecosystems.Located in Easthampton and Holyoke, Mount Tom is traversed by the 110-mile (180 km) Metacomet-Monadnock Trail and is the transmitter location for three Springfield–Holyoke television stations: WGBY, WGGB, and WSHM-LD, and for radio stations WHYN-FM and WWEI. The name "Mount Tom" is sometimes used to describe the entire Mount Tom Range.

National Register of Historic Places listings in Hampden County, Massachusetts

This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Hampden County, Massachusetts.

This is a list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. Latitude and longitude coordinates are provided for many National Register properties and districts; these locations may be seen together in a map.There are 160 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county, including 2 National Historic Landmarks. The city of Springfield is the location of 88 of these properties and districts, including 1 of the National Historic Landmarks; they are listed separately, while the remaining 72 properties and districts, including 1 National Historic Landmark, are listed here.

This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted July 18, 2019.

Palmer, Massachusetts

Palmer is a city in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 12,140 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. Palmer adopted a home rule charter in 2004 with a council-manager form of government. Palmer is one of thirteen Massachusetts municipalities that have applied for, and been granted, city forms of government but wish to retain "The town of” in their official names.The villages of Bondsville, Thorndike, Depot Village, and Three Rivers are located in the town.

Quinebaug River

The Quinebaug River is a river in south-central Massachusetts and eastern Connecticut, with watershed extending into western Rhode Island. The name "Quinebaug" comes from the southern New England Native American term, spelled variously Qunnubbâgge, Quinibauge, etc., meaning "long pond", from qunni-, "long", and -paug, "pond". The river is one of the namesake rivers in the Quinebaug and Shetucket Rivers Valley National Heritage Corridor.

Westfield-Barnes Regional Airport

Westfield-Barnes Regional Airport (IATA: BAF, ICAO: KBAF, FAA LID: BAF) is a public/military airport in Hampden County, Massachusetts, three miles (6 km) north of Westfield and northwest of Springfield. It was formerly Barnes Municipal Airport; the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015 categorized it as a general aviation facility. Westfield-Barnes is one of Massachusetts' largest airports with a strong flight training, general aviation, and military presence.

Wilbraham, Massachusetts

Wilbraham is a town in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. It is a suburb of the City of Springfield, and part of the Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 14,868 at the 2010 census.

Part of the town comprises the census-designated place of Wilbraham.

Presidential elections results[6]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 38.2% 78,685 54.6% 112,590 7.2% 14,826
2012 36.6% 73,392 61.7% 123,619 1.7% 3,388
2008 36.1% 71,350 61.4% 121,454 2.5% 4,916
2004 38.0% 70,925 60.9% 113,710 1.1% 2,004
2000 34.6% 59,558 58.2% 100,103 7.2% 12,432
1996 28.2% 48,513 61.0% 105,050 10.9% 18,676
1992 29.0% 54,621 45.7% 86,026 25.3% 47,618
1988 43.2% 74,872 56.1% 97,332 0.7% 1,216
1984 51.1% 89,330 48.6% 84,985 0.4% 656
1980 40.4% 72,528 44.7% 80,369 14.9% 26,823
1976 37.8% 70,008 59.4% 110,028 2.8% 5,254
1972 47.3% 86,164 52.1% 94,945 0.6% 1,024
1968 31.3% 55,783 62.5% 111,376 6.2% 10,991
1964 24.9% 44,299 74.7% 133,085 0.5% 835
1960 37.2% 72,054 62.5% 121,061 0.4% 713
1956 55.9% 104,689 43.6% 81,743 0.5% 935
1952 51.9% 98,641 47.8% 90,936 0.3% 616
1948 41.9% 70,256 56.4% 94,609 1.7% 2,855
1944 40.7% 63,293 59.1% 91,819 0.2% 374
1940 41.7% 64,502 57.8% 89,477 0.5% 817
1936 36.6% 51,288 57.2% 80,164 6.2% 8,728
1932 44.5% 55,032 51.1% 63,189 4.4% 5,408
1928 47.2% 56,063 52.2% 62,056 0.6% 703
1924 60.0% 46,489 24.6% 19,079 15.4% 11,947
1920 68.9% 46,741 28.3% 19,156 2.8% 1,923
1916 50.2% 18,207 46.9% 17,028 2.9% 1,042
1912 37.5% 11,393 34.9% 10,620 27.6% 8,410
1908 52.2% 14,485 35.7% 9,910 12.1% 3,358
1904 57.6% 14,962 36.1% 9,369 6.3% 1,641
1900 54.7% 13,757 41.4% 10,424 3.9% 989
1896 67.7% 16,064 28.6% 6,787 3.8% 893
1892 48.8% 11,373 48.2% 11,228 3.0% 693
1888 49.7% 9,577 47.6% 9,177 2.7% 511
1884 47.8% 7,897 43.8% 7,245 8.4% 1,394
1880 57.7% 8,673 41.2% 6,194 1.1% 170
1876 54.5% 7,963 45.2% 6,605 0.3% 46
Places adjacent to Hampden County, Massachusetts
Municipalities and communities of Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States
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