Halifax County, Nova Scotia

Halifax County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. The Municipality of the County of Halifax was the municipal government of Halifax County, apart from the separately incorporated towns and cities therein. The Municipality was dissolved in 1996, together with those town and city governments, in their amalgamation into Halifax Regional Municipality.[1]

Halifax County
Location of Halifax County in Nova Scotia
Location of Halifax County in Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 44°54′N 63°06′W / 44.9°N 63.1°WCoordinates: 44°54′N 63°06′W / 44.9°N 63.1°W
Country Canada
Province Nova Scotia
EstablishedAugust 17, 1759
Incorporated CountyApril 17, 1879
Dissolved into the Halifax Regional MunicipalityApril 1, 1996
 • TypeRegional Council
 • Present Governing CouncilHalifax Regional Council
 • Total5,495.71 km2 (2,121.91 sq mi)
 • Total390,328
 • Density71/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
Area code(s)902
Median Earnings*$54,108
*Median household income, 2000 ($) (all households)


Deriving its name from George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax (1716–1771) Halifax County was established by Order-in-Council on August 17, 1759. The boundaries of four other counties - Annapolis, Kings, Cumberland and Lunenburg - were specifically defined at that time, with Halifax County comprising all the part of peninsular Nova Scotia that was not within their limits.

Following the Seven Years' War, Cape Breton Island was formally annexed to Nova Scotia. For a time it formed part of Halifax County.

The boundaries of Halifax County were modified in 1822. That part of St. Mary's Township (established in 1818) which had been in Halifax County was annexed to and included within Sydney County.

The dividing line between the Districts of Halifax and Colchester was confirmed and established on May 3, 1828. In 1835, Halifax County was divided and the Counties of Colchester and Pictou County were created out of parts of what had previously been Halifax County. Eventually in 1880 the boundary between the Counties of Halifax and Colchester was fixed.

The boundaries of the county are also the boundaries of the Halifax Regional Municipality, plus the Native Indian Reserves of Cole Harbour, Sheet Harbour and Shubenacadie, parts of the Millbrook and Shubenacadie First Nations.

Halifax County continues to exist as a county in Nova Scotia, however all municipal government and service delivery is provided by either the Regional Municipality or the Indigenous Canadian Reserves, with no additional county level government or administration.


Regional municipalities


As a census division in the 2016 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Halifax County recorded a population of 403,390 living in 173,459 of its 187,478 total private dwellings, a change of 3.3% from its 2011 population of 390,328. With a land area of 5,496.31 km2 (2,122.14 sq mi), it had a population density of 73.4/km2 (190.1/sq mi) in 2016.[2]


  1. ^ "History of Halifax". Halifax. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
  2. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census divisions, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Nova Scotia)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
Bedford Basin

Bedford Basin is a large enclosed bay, forming the northwestern end of Halifax Harbour on Canada's Atlantic coast. It is named in honour of John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford.

Chebucto Peninsula

The Chebucto Peninsula is a Canadian peninsula located in central Nova Scotia entirely within the Halifax Regional Municipality on the Atlantic coast.

It is bordered by St. Margarets Bay in the west, the open Atlantic Ocean to the south, and Halifax Harbour (including Bedford Basin) to the east. The peninsula also includes a sub-peninsula - the Halifax Peninsula.

The majority of the central part of the Chebucto Peninsula is uninhabited and designated a protected wilderness area to prevent encroaching urban sprawl development.

Harbourview, Nova Scotia

Harbourview is a predominantly residential neighbourhood in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia. Located in central Dartmouth, it abuts the HRM Capital District and overlooks Halifax Harbour. The community is dominated by the Angus L. Macdonald Bridge, completed in 1955.

Major employers in Harbourview include the Harbourview Holiday Inn, Dartmouth Shopping Centre and the Defence Research and Development Canada (Atlantic).

Ingramport, Nova Scotia

Ingramport is a rural community of Halifax in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia.

Jerry Lawrence Provincial Park

Jerry Lawrence Provincial Park is a provincial park in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, in Upper Tanatallon. It is located on Route 3, approximately 25 kilometres (15.5 miles) west of Halifax.

The park is a small picnic park and has an area specially developed for seniors and people with disabilities. It features include picnic tables, a picnic shelter, a wheelchair-accessible fishing wharf, and a trail that connects to a rails to trails network. Parking areas and drive-in picnic sites are conveniently located close to all facilities, including a barrier-free vault toilet. Round Lake each season is stocked with brook and rainbow trout and in 2018 was stocked with salmon.

Lawrencetown, Halifax County, Nova Scotia

Lawrencetown (1986 population: 2,680) is a Canadian rural community in Halifax, Nova Scotia on Route 207. The settlement was established during the eve of Father Le Loutre's War and at the beginning of the French and Indian War.

Liscomb Game Sanctuary

Liscomb Game Sanctuary is a conservation area that straddles the border of Halifax Regional Municipality and Guysborough County in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. Nova Scotia Route 374 runs north-south through the sanctuary. Within the sanctuary are two nature reserves and parts of two wilderness areas.

List of communities in Halifax Regional Municipality

List of communities in the Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia

Communities are ordered by the highway upon which they are located. All routes start with the terminus located near the largest community.

List of wardens of Halifax County, Nova Scotia

The Municipality of the County of Halifax was created in 1879. It operated from 1880-1996 when all municipal units in the county (including the county government) were amalgamated to form the Halifax Regional Municipality.

Wardens were chosen amongst the elected councillors at the beginning of each yearly session of the County Council.

Little Sackville River

Little Sackville River is a river in Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, Canada.

In 2002, many fish in the Little Sackville River were killed by an aluminum compound.

Musquodoboit Harbour

Musquodoboit Harbour is a natural harbour in Canada on the Eastern Shore of Nova Scotia.

Prospect, Nova Scotia

Prospect is a Canadian coastal community on the Chebucto Peninsula in Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, Canada.

It borders the Atlantic Ocean approximately 23 kilometres (14 mi) southwest of Halifax off the Prospect Road (Route 333).

During the American Revolution, fishermen at Prospect captured an American Privateer and 23 crew members.In 2003, the town was hit by the eye of Hurricane Juan. Wind damage was substantial and storm surge washed away many wharfs and stages, but no homes. The area suffered significant land erosion due to the impact.

Sackville River

The Sackville River is a river in Hants County and Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, Canada. It empties into Bedford Basin. The Little Sackville River is a tributary.

Upper Musquodoboit, Nova Scotia

Upper Musquodoboit is a forestry and farming community in the northeastern reaches of the Musquodoboit Valley, in the Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, Canada, 75 kilometres (47 mi) from Downtown Halifax. The community is located along the Musquodoboit River. The community had a population of 473 at the 2006 Census and the community has an area of 380.25 square kilometres (146.82 sq mi). Upper Musquodoboit is situated at the junction of Route 336 with Route 224.

Upper Musquodoboit Elementary School is the only school in the community. It teaches grades primary through six, and was built in 1962. As of 2017, there are 27 students enrolled in the school. For children whom are grade seven or higher, they go to Musquodoboit Rural High School (MRHS) for school. Upper Musquodoboit also has a convenience store, an auto-body shop and a limestone mine.

Upper Sackville, Nova Scotia

Upper Sackville (2011 pop.: 1,024) is a Canadian suburban community in Nova Scotia's Halifax Regional Municipality. The community was named after George Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville.

Upper Tantallon, Nova Scotia

Upper Tantallon (pronounced 'tan-TAL-en') is a suburban community that extends from the Hammonds Plains Road (Route 213) to the crossroads of Trunk 3 and Route 333 within the Halifax Regional Municipality, 22.3 km west from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. The community is likely named for Tantallon Castle in Scotland.

Westphal, Nova Scotia

Westphal is an unincorporated suburban and rural community located in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia and outside of Dartmouth, Nova Scotia. Some of Westphal is considered part of Dartmouth, Nova Scotia and some of it is considered separate from Dartmouth, Nova Scotia. The area is bound by Port Wallace in the north, Waverley Road (Route 318) in the west, Lake Major Road in the east and Main Street (Trunk 7) in the south. The area also includes the watershed and water filtration plant for the Halifax Regional Water Commission that supplies drinking water for the residents of Dartmouth and surrounding communities east of Halifax Harbour. It is named after two Westphal brothers who became admirals in the British navy and who hailed from this part of Nova Scotia - George Augustus Westphal and his elder brother Philip. Their surname is of German origin.

Woodlawn, Nova Scotia

Woodlawn is an area of eastern Dartmouth, Nova Scotia in the Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia that is mainly residential and retail. It is situated within an area with Highway 111 on the west, Portland Street (Route 207) on the east and Main Street (Trunk 7) on the North side. The first three digits of the postal code are B2W.

Woodside, Nova Scotia

Woodside is an unincorporated middle income urban locality of Dartmouth, within the Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia. The community is divided into North Woodside and South Woodside. Woodside is home to two hospitals: the Dartmouth General Hospital and the Nova Scotia Hospital.

Historical counties
Economic regions
Regional municipalities
County municipalities
District municipalities

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