Haldimand County

Haldimand County is a rural city-status single-tier municipality (but called a county) on the Niagara Peninsula in Southern Ontario, Canada, on the north shore of Lake Erie, and on the Grand River. Municipal offices are located in Cayuga.

The county is adjacent to Norfolk County, the County of Brant, the City of Hamilton, and the Regional Municipality of Niagara.

Haldimand County
Haldimand County
The Grand River Bridge, which carries Argyle St. over the Grand River in Caledonia.
The Grand River Bridge, which carries Argyle St. over the Grand River in Caledonia.
Map of Ontario HALDIMAND
Coordinates: 42°56′N 79°53′W / 42.933°N 79.883°WCoordinates: 42°56′N 79°53′W / 42.933°N 79.883°W
Country Canada
Province Ontario
Established1800 (County)
Restructured1974 (Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk)
Amalgamated2001 (Single-tier municipality)
 • MayorKen Hewitt
 • Governing BodyThe Council of Corporation of Haldimand County
 • MPsDiane Finley (Con)
 • MPPsToby Barrett (Con)
 • Land1,251.57 km2 (483.23 sq mi)
 • Total44,876
 • Density35.9/km2 (93/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal code span
N0A, N1A, N3W
Area code(s)519, 226, 905, 289, 365


Haldimand's history has been closely associated with that of neighbouring Norfolk County. Haldimand was first created as a county in 1800, from a portion of Norfolk. It was named after the governor of the Province of Quebec Sir Frederick Haldimand. In 1844 the land was surrendered by Six Nations to the Crown in an agreement that was signed by the vast majority of Chiefs in the Haldimand tract. From 1974 to 2000, Haldimand County and Norfolk County were merged to form the Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk. See Norfolk County History for the period when Haldimand and Norfolk were governed as a single unit.

Beginning in February 2006, a land dispute by native protesters began near Caledonia over a housing development being built on the outskirts of town, which members of the nearby Mohawk Six Nations people claim is rightfully their land.


The population centres in Haldimand are Caledonia, Dunnville, Hagersville, Jarvis and Cayuga. Part of the Six Nations Reserve is within the geographic area of Haldimand County, but is independent of the county. Most of Haldimand is agricultural land, although some heavy industry, including the Nanticoke Generating Station, is located here.

Smaller communities within the municipality are Attercliffe Station, Balmoral, Bodri Bay, Brookers Bay, Byng, Canborough, Canfield, Cheapside, Clanbrassil, Crescent Bay, Decewsville, Empire Corners, Featherstone Point, Fisherville, Garnet, Hoover Point, Kohler, Little Buffalo, Lowbanks, Moulton Station, Mount Carmel, Mount Healy, Nanticoke, Nelles Corners, Peacock Point, Port Maitland, Rainham Centre, Selkirk, Sims Lock, South Cayuga, Springvale, Stromness, Sweets Corners, Townsend, Willow Grove, Woodlawn Park and York.

The ghost towns of Cook's Station, Cranston, Dufferin, Erie, Indiana Lambs Corners, Lythmore, Sandusk, Upper, Varency, are also located within Haldimand.

Historic townships

Haldimand County area 284,817 acres (1,153 km2) was formed from part of the land grant to the Six Nations in 1783. The County was purchased by treaty and opened for general settlement in 1832. It was first settled by white veterans of Butler's Rangers established there by Joseph Brant. A large number of Germans were among the first settlers.

  • Canborough, area 21,586 acres (87 km2). Granted in 1794 by Joseph Brant to John Dochstader of Butler's Rangers. Purchased by Benjamin Canby in 1810 for 5,000, he named the village-site "Canborough. Community centre: Canborough, Darling and it touches Dunnville
  • Dunn, area 15,122 acres (61 km2). Opened for settlement in 1833. Community centre: Dunnville
  • Moulton, area 27,781 acres (112 km2). Landowner Henry John Boulton named the township from the Boulton family seat in England.
  • North Cayuga, area 32,825 acres (133 km2).
  • Oneida, area 32,598 acres (132 km2). Joseph Brant granted a 999 year lease of part of Oneida and Seneca townships to Henry Nelles, of Butler's Rangers and his sons, Robert, Abraham, William, Warner and John. Community centres were: Caledonia, Dufferin and Hagersville.
  • Rainham, area 25,705 acres (104 km2) Community centres: Balmoral, Selkirk, Rainham Centre and Fisherville.
  • Seneca, area 41,721 acres (169 km2). Community centres: York and Caledonia
  • Sherbrooke, area 5,098 acres (21 km2), the smallest township in Ontario. Opened in 1825 and named from Sir John Coape Sherbrooke, a Governor-General of Canada. The Township was granted by the Indians to William Dickson (a lawyer) as a professional fee. Community centres: Stromness and Port Maitland.
  • South Cayuga, area 13,293 acres (54 km2).
  • Walpole, area 66,213 acres (268 km2). Community centres were: Hagersville, Jarvis, Selkirk, Cheapside and Nanticoke.

Source: Province of Ontario – A History 1615 to 1927 by Jesse Edgar Middleton & Fred Landon, copyright 1927, Dominion Publishing Company, Toronto


Population trend:[5]

  • Population in 2006: 45,212
  • Population in 2001: 43,728
  • Population total in 1996: 42,041

Ethnocultural statistics

Only ethnic groups that comprise greater than 1% of the population are included. Note that a person can report more than one group.[6]

  • English: 37.4%
  • "Canadian": 32.7%
  • Scottish: 24.9%
  • Irish: 20.1%
  • German: 18.4%
  • Dutch: 13.4%
  • French: 8.6%
  • Italian: 4.4%
  • Aboriginal: 3.3%
  • Ukrainian: 2.7%
  • Polish: 2.7%
  • Hungarian: 2.4%
  • Welsh: 2.0%
  • British Isles (other): 1.7%
  • Portuguese: 1.3%

Local government

The city is within the federal electoral riding of Haldimand—Norfolk and within provincial electoral riding of Haldimand—Norfolk.

Current Mayor: Ken Hewitt[7]

Previous Mayors:


Policing in the county is provided by the Haldimand detachment of the Ontario Provincial Police located in Cayuga.

Fire services

Fire services in the county is provided by the Haldimand County Fire Department which was created in 2001 following the separation of Haldimand and Norfolk. The department currently consists of 11 stations located strategically throughout the county. With almost 300 firefighters and 40 fire apparatuses, it is one of the largest volunteer fire departments in Ontario. The department consists of;

  • Station 1 – Caledonia
  • Station 2 – Hagersville
  • Station 3 – Jarvis
  • Station 4 – Cayuga (Headquarters)
  • Station 5 – Canfield
  • Station 6 – Canborough
  • Station 7 – Lowbanks
  • Station 9 – Dunnville
  • Station 11 – South Haldimand
  • Station 12 – Fisherville
  • Station 13 – Selkirk


Highways that travel through Haldimand include: Ontario Highway 3, and Ontario Highway 6.

Protected areas

  • Haldimand Conservation Area
  • Selkirk Provincial Park
  • Taquanyah Conservation Area
  • Hedley Forest Conservation Area
  • Canborough Conservation Area
  • Ruigrok Tract Conservation Area
  • Oswego Conservation Area
  • Byng Island Conservation Area
  • Rock Point Provincial Park
  • Mohawk Island National Wildlife Area


Notable people

See also


  1. ^ a b "Haldimand County census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-27.
  2. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013.
  3. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2009-02-24.
  4. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  5. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  6. ^ "Haldimand County community profile". 2006 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-02-03.
  7. ^ "Contact Information". Haldimandcounty.on.ca. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  8. ^ "HistoricPlaces.ca – Recherche". Historicplaces.ca. Retrieved 21 October 2017.

External links

2010 Ontario municipal elections

Municipal elections were held in Ontario, Canada, on October 25, 2010. Voters in Ontario elected mayors, councillors, school board trustees and all other elected officials in all of the province's municipalities. A total of 444 elections were held. Several smaller municipalities in Northern Ontario held no council elections, as their entire councils were acclaimed into office, although the towns still saw contested elections for their school board seats.

Brant Haldimand Norfolk Catholic District School Board

The Brant Haldimand Norfolk Catholic District School Board is a separate school board in Ontario, Canada. The school board is the school district administrator for the communities of the County of Brant, Haldimand County, and Norfolk County, Ontario.

Caledonia, Ontario

Caledonia is a community located on the Grand River in Haldimand County, Ontario, Canada. It had a 2016 population of 9,674. Caledonia is within Ward 3 of Haldimand County. The Councillor elected for Ward 3 is Craig Grice. As of September 2006, there are approximately 4,000 households in the community of Caledonia.Caledonia is located at the intersection of Highway 6 and Haldimand Highway 54 (within the town, these streets are called Argyle Street and Caithness Street respectively) on the Grand River. On Highway 6, the town is 10 km south of Hamilton and 10 km north of Hagersville. On Haldimand Highway 54, the town is 15 km east of Brantford, Ontario and 10 km west of Cayuga, Ontario.

Cayuga, Ontario

Cayuga is an unincorporated community and county seat of Haldimand County, Ontario, Canada located at the intersection of Highway 3 and Munsee Street and along the Grand River. Cayuga is about a 20-minute drive from Lake Erie and 30 minutes south of Hamilton and 115 minutes south of Toronto and consequently it has some cottages and recreational properties in the area. In the past, there was some light industry. It has the local district detachment for the Ontario Provincial Police. It is also uniquely located among larger communities on both the American and Canadian sides of the border boasting television reception from Toronto, Buffalo, New York, Hamilton, Kitchener and Erie, Pennsylvania.

Dunnville, Ontario

Dunnville is an unincorporated community located near the mouth of the Grand River in Haldimand County, Ontario, Canada near the historic Talbot Trail. It was formerly an incorporated town encompassing the surrounding area with a total population of 12,000.

Dunnville Secondary School

Dunnville Secondary School is a public high school in Dunnville, Ontario, Canada, part of the Grand Erie District School Board. The school accommodates students from Haldimand County between the ages of 14 and 21. As of January 2016, the school had 562 students.

Grand Erie District School Board

The Grand Erie District School Board (GEDSB, known as English-language Public District School Board No. 23 prior to 1999) is a school board that has legal jurisdiction over Norfolk County, Haldimand County, and Brant County in the province of Ontario, Canada. The main headquarters are in Brantford.

Hagersville, Ontario

Hagersville is a community in Haldimand County, Ontario which gained international notoriety in 1990 for a gigantic uncontrolled tire fire which spewed toxic smoke for seventeen days. The fire itself actually occurred in Townsend, a neighbouring community, but media labelled it as Hagersville due to Townsend's relatively unknown status in the area. The so-called "Hagersville Tire Fire" has nonetheless been reportedly linked to long-term health issues, including some "rare, aggressive cancers," among area firefighters who experienced the event first-hand.

Haldimand-Norfolk Housing Corporation

The Haldimand-Norfolk Housing Corporation is a social housing organization providing rental housing for senior citizens, adults, and families.


Haldimand—Norfolk is a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1979 to 1997, and since 2004. Its Member of Parliament (MP) is Conservative Diane Finley.

Haldimand—Norfolk (provincial electoral district)

Haldimand—Norfolk is a provincial electoral district in southwestern Ontario, Canada. It was created for the 2007 provincial election. 88.0% of the riding came from Haldimand—Norfolk—Brant while 12.0% came from Erie—Lincoln.

The riding includes all of the counties of Haldimand and Norfolk except those parts of Haldimand found in the Six Nations and New Credit Indian Reserves.

The riding also existed from 1934 to 1987.

Jarvis, Ontario

Jarvis is a small community in Haldimand County, Ontario, Canada.

This community is located near the towns of Simcoe, Townsend, Cayuga, Port Dover and Hagersville.

Jukasa Motor Speedway

The Jukasa Motor Speedway, formerly known as Cayuga Speedway and the Cayuga 2000 Speedway, is an auto racing track located near Cayuga in Haldimand County, Ontario, Canada.

Famous stock car drivers including Matt Kenseth, Bobby Allison, Benny Parsons, Luc Haukaas, Don Biederman and Dick Trickle have participated in racing events at Jukasa Motor Speedway on a professional level.

List of former provincial highways in Ontario

The Canadian province of Ontario has an extensive network of Primary (King's), Secondary, and Tertiary Highways, with county-level and city-level roads linking between them. Over the years, however, Ontario has turned back numerous highways to municipal government bodies, renumbered them, or upgraded them to 400-series highways.

In 1997 and 1998, many sections of the provincial highway network were downloaded to local municipalities (such as cities, counties or regional municipalities) by the Ontario Ministry of Transportation as a cost-saving measure. While highways were occasionally transferred to local governments in the past, the 1997-1998 downloads represented the most significant changes to Ontario's highway network. Many highways were completely devolved, while of others only short sections remain under provincial jurisdiction (Highway 2, once stretching across Southern Ontario, now is only a few kilometres long). Below is a partial list of partially or wholly devolved highways since 1997.

List of numbered roads in Haldimand County

This is a list of numbered roads in Haldimand County, Ontario. There are two classes of numbered roads in Haldimand County: regional roads, former King's Highways downloaded to county responsibility in the late 1990s, and county roads, analogous to the county roads of other counties.

Monck (electoral district)

Monck was a federal electoral district in the Canadian province of Ontario, which was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1867 to 1892. It is sometimes also considered one of Ontario's historic counties, as it was listed in some post-Confederation census records as a county of residence.

Monck consisted of the Lincoln County townships of Caistor and Gainsborough, the Haldimand County townships of Canborough, Dunn, Dunnville, Moulton and Sherbrooke, and the Welland County townships of Pelham and Wainfleet.

In 1872, it was redefined to include the Township of Dunn (Haldimand). In 1882, it was redefined to include the Township of South Cayuga and exclude the Township of Caistor.

The electoral district was abolished in 1892 when it was redistributed between Haldimand and Monck and Lincoln and Niagara ridings.

Nanticoke, Ontario

Nanticoke is an unincorporated community and former city located on the western border of Haldimand County, Ontario, Canada. Nanticoke is located directly across Lake Erie from the US city of Erie, Pennsylvania.


Norfolk—Haldimand was a federal electoral district represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1968 to 1979. It was located in the province of Ontario. This riding was created in 1966 from parts of Brant—Haldimand and Norfolk ridings.

It consisted of the County of Norfolk (excluding the Town of Tillsonburg), and, in the County of Haldimand, the Village of Hagersville and the Townships of North Cayuga, South Cayuga, Oneida, Rainham, Seneca and Walpole (excluding parts lying within the Six Nations Indian Reserve No. 40 and New Credit Indian Reserve No. 40A).

The electoral district was abolished in 1976 when it was redistributed between Haldimand—Norfolk and Oxford ridings.

Springvale, Ontario

Springvale is a community in Ontario.

Canada census – Haldimand County community profile
2011 2006
Population: 44,876 (-0.7% from 2006) 45,212 (3.4% from 2001)
Land area: 1,251.57 km2 (483.23 sq mi) 1,251.58 km2 (483.24 sq mi)
Population density: 35.9/km2 (93/sq mi) 36.1/km2 (93/sq mi)
Median age:
Total private dwellings: 19,108 18,386
Median household income:
References: 2011[2] 2006[3] earlier[4]
Places adjacent to Haldimand County
Flag of Ontario.svg Subdivisions of Ontario
Regional municipalities
Single-tier municipalities
Separated municipalities

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