Hal Varian

Hal Ronald Varian (born March 18, 1947 in Wooster, Ohio) is an economist specializing in microeconomics and information economics. He is the chief economist at Google and he holds the title of emeritus professor at the University of California, Berkeley where he was founding dean of the School of Information.

Hal Varian
Hal Varian
BornMarch 18, 1947 (age 72)
NationalityUnited States
UC Berkeley
University of Michigan
FieldMicroeconomics, information technology
School or
Neoclassical economics
Alma materMIT
UC Berkeley
Daniel McFadden
David Gale
Earl Grinols
James Andreoni
Information at IDEAS / RePEc

Early life

Hal Varian was born on March 18, 1947 in Wooster, Ohio. He received his B.S. from MIT in economics in 1969 and both his M.A. (mathematics) and Ph.D. (economics) from the University of California, Berkeley in 1973.


Varian taught at MIT, Stanford University, the University of Oxford, the University of Michigan, the University of Siena and other universities around the world. He has two honorary doctorates, from the University of Oulu, Finland in 2002, and a Dr. h. c. from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany, awarded in 2006. He is emeritus professor at the University of California, Berkeley, where he was founding dean of the School of Information.[1]

Varian joined Google in 2002 as a consultant, and has worked on the design of advertising auctions, econometrics, finance, corporate strategy, and public policy. He is the chief economist at Google.

Varian is the author of two bestselling textbooks: Intermediate Microeconomics,[2] an undergraduate microeconomics text, and Microeconomic Analysis, an advanced text aimed primarily at first-year graduate students in economics. Together with Carl Shapiro, he co-authored Information Rules: A Strategic Guide to the Network Economy and The Economics of Information Technology: An Introduction.[3]

Personal life

Varian is married and has one child, Christopher Max Varian.[4]

See also


  1. ^ "Hal R. Varian". U.C. Berkeley. Retrieved 2010-10-22.
  2. ^ Varian, Hal R (2014). Intermediate Microeconomics: A Modern Approach: Ninth International Student Edition. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-92077-2.
  3. ^ Hal R. Varian; Joseph Farrell; Carl Shapiro (23 December 2004). The Economics of Information Technology: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-60521-2.
  4. ^ Curriculum vitae (PDF; 122 kB), on berkeley.edu.

External links

AI Challenge

The AI Challenge was an international artificial intelligence programming contest started by the University of Waterloo Computer Science Club.

Initially the contest was for University of Waterloo students only. In 2010, the contest gained sponsorship from Google and allowed it to extend to international students and the general public.

Android Q

Android "Q" is the upcoming tenth major release and the 17th version of the Android mobile operating system. The first beta of Android Q was released on March 13, 2019 for all Google Pixel phones. The final release of Android Q is scheduled to be released in the third quarter of 2019.


BigQuery is a RESTful web service that enables interactive analysis of massively large datasets working in conjunction with Google Storage. It is a serverless Platform as a Service (PaaS) that may be used complementarily with MapReduce.

Carl Shapiro

For the Boston philanthropist, see Carl J. Shapiro; For the poet, see Karl Shapiro.Carl Shapiro (born 20 March 1955) is the Transamerica Professor of Business Strategy at the Haas School of Business at the University of California, Berkeley. He is the co-author, along with Hal Varian, of Information Rules: A Strategic Guide to the Network Economy, published by the Harvard Business School Press. On February 23, 2011, the Wall Street Journal reported that President Barack Obama intended to nominate Shapiro to his Council of Economic Advisers.Shapiro served as Deputy Assistant Attorney General for Economics in the Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice (1995–1996). He is a Senior Consultant with Charles River Associates and has consulted extensively for a wide range of private clients as well as for the U.S. Department of Justice and the Federal Trade Commission.

Shapiro was again the Deputy Assistant Attorney General for Economics of the Antitrust division of the Justice Department from 2009-2011.Shapiro holds a BS in mathematics and a BS in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, an MA in mathematics from the University of California, Berkeley, and a PhD in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

He also coined the term essential patent to cover a patent that was required to practice a given industry standard.


The Chromebit is a dongle running Google's Chrome OS operating system. When placed in the HDMI port of a television or a monitor, this device turns that display into a personal computer. Chromebit allows adding a keyboard or mouse over Bluetooth or Wi-Fi. The device was announced in April 2015 and began shipping that November.


GData (Google Data Protocol) provides a simple protocol for reading and writing data on the Internet, designed by Google. GData combines common XML-based syndication formats (Atom and RSS) with a feed-publishing system based on the Atom Publishing Protocol, plus some extensions for handling queries. It relies on XML or JSON as a data format.

Google provides GData client libraries for Java, JavaScript, .NET, PHP, Python, and Objective-C.

G Suite Marketplace

G Suite Marketplace (formerly Google Apps Marketplace) is a product of Google Inc. It is an online store for web applications that work with Google Apps (Gmail, Google Docs, Google Sites, Google Calendar, Google Contacts, etc.) and with third party software. Some Apps are free. Apps are based on Google APIs or on Google Apps Script.


Gayglers is a term for the gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender employees of Google. The term was first used for all LGBT employees at the company in 2006, and was conceived as a play on the word "Googler" (a colloquial term to describe all employees of Google).The term, first published openly by The New York Times in 2006 to describe some of the employees at the company's new Manhattan office, came into public awareness when Google began to participate as a corporate sponsor and float participant at several pride parades in San Francisco, New York, Dublin and Madrid during 2006. Google has since increased its public backing of LGBT-positive events and initiatives, including an announcement of opposition to Proposition 8.

Google Behind the Screen

"Google: Behind the Screen" (Dutch: "Google: achter het scherm") is a 51-minute episode of the documentary television series Backlight about Google. The episode was first broadcast on 7 May 2006 by VPRO on Nederland 3. It was directed by IJsbrand van Veelen, produced by Nicoline Tania, and edited by Doke Romeijn and Frank Wiering.

Google Business Groups

Google Business Group (GBG) is a non-profit community of business professionals to share knowledge about web technologies for business success. It has over 150 local communities or chapters in various cities including Mumbai, Bangalore, Belgaum, Chandigarh, Jaipur, Chennai, Buenos Aires, Davao, Cape Town, Rio de Janeiro, Peshawar and Lahore; spanning across 30 countries around the world. The initiative was started by and is backed by Google, but driven by local chapter managers and the community members to connect, learn and impact overall success of their businesses; it is independent from the Google Corporation.

Google Dataset Search

Google Dataset Search is a search engine from Google that helps researchers locate online data that is freely available for use. The company launched the service on September 5, 2018, and stated that the product was targeted at scientists and data journalists.

Google Dataset Search complements Google Scholar, the company's search engine for academic studies and reports.

Google Finance

Google Finance is a website focusing on business news and financial information hosted by Google.

Google Fit

Google Fit is a health-tracking platform developed by Google for the Android operating system and Wear OS. It is a single set of APIs that blends data from multiple apps and devices. Google Fit uses sensors in a user's activity tracker or mobile device to record physical fitness activities (such as walking or cycling), which are measured against the user's fitness goals to provide a comprehensive view of their fitness.

Google Forms

Google Forms is a survey administration app that is included in the Google Drive office suite along with Google Docs, Google Sheets, and Google Slides.

Forms features all of the collaboration and sharing features found in Docs, Sheets, and Slides.

Google Guice

Google Guice (pronounced "juice") is an open-source software framework for the Java platform released by Google under the Apache License. It provides support for dependency injection using annotations to configure Java objects. Dependency injection is a design pattern whose core principle is to separate behavior from dependency resolution.

Guice allows implementation classes to be bound programmatically to an interface, then injected into constructors, methods or fields using an @Inject annotation. When more than one implementation of the same interface is needed, the user can create custom annotations that identify an implementation, then use that annotation when injecting it.

Being the first generic framework for dependency injection using Java annotations in 2008, Guice won the 18th Jolt Award for best Library, Framework, or Component.

Google The Thinking Factory

Google: The Thinking Factory is documentary film about Google Inc. from 2008 written and directed by Gilles Cayatte.

Information Rules

Information Rules is a 1999 book by Carl Shapiro and Hal Varian applying traditional economic theories to modern information-based technologies. The book examines commercial strategies appropriate to companies that deal in information, given the high "first copy" and low "subsequent copy" costs of information commodities, such as music CDs or original texts.

Premise (company)

Premise is a San Francisco, CA based data & analytics technology company. Premise is a $66M Series C venture capital organization, backed by Valor Equity Partners, Social Capital, Google Ventures, and Andreessen Horowitz, among others.In February 2018, Premise named Maury Blackman as its President & CEO. Blackman, the 2016 Ernst & Young 'Northern California's Entrepreneur of the Year' previously served as CEO of the government technology company Accela. In 2015 Blackman was recognized by Government Technology magazine as one of its "Top 25 Doers, Dreamers, and Drivers."

Premise was co-founded in 2012 by David Soloff and Joe Reisinger. Soloff now serves as the Company's Chairman of the Board. Other Premise Board Members include Larry Summers, the former United States Treasury Secretary, Chamath Palihapitiya, Founder and Managing Partner of Social Capital, a venture capital fund, Timothy Watkins of Valor Equity Partners, and Karim Farris of Google Ventures.The company is advised by Raj Shah, President of the Rockefeller Foundation and former Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development, and Hal Varian, Google's Chief Economist.Premise is headquartered in San Francisco, CA with offices in Washington, D.C., Seattle, WA and Portland, OR.

Varian Rule

The Varian Rule holds that "A simple way to forecast the future is to look at what rich people have today; middle-income people will have something equivalent in 10 years, and poor people will have it in an additional decade." It is attributed to Google’s chief economist Hal Varian. Andrew McAfee first called it "the Varian Rule" in the Financial Times. An alternative interpretation put forth by The Guardian writer Evgeny Morozov is that "Luxury is already here – it’s just not very evenly distributed."Some notable historical examples include anti-lock braking systems, electronic stability control and airbags which first appeared on high-end luxury vehicles

before becoming commoditized on more mainstream automobiles.A more recent example is the Apple watch which is initially offered as a luxury item, but if the Varian Rule holds, it will be more accessible in the near future according to Paul Krugman, Nobel Laureate, and blogger and columnist for The New York Times. But Jay Stanley, Senior Policy Analyst, of the American Civil Liberties Union Speech, Privacy & Technology Project disputes this conclusion based on personal privacy concerns.

Walrasian economics
New classical macroeconomics
Real business cycle school

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