Hacksaw Ridge

Hacksaw Ridge is a 2016 biographical war drama film directed by Mel Gibson and written by Andrew Knight and Robert Schenkkan, based on the 2004 documentary The Conscientious Objector. The film focuses on the World War II experiences of Desmond Doss, an American pacifist combat medic who, as a Seventh-day Adventist Christian, refused to carry or use a weapon or firearm of any kind. Doss became the first conscientious objector to be awarded the Medal of Honor, for service above and beyond the call of duty during the Battle of Okinawa. Andrew Garfield stars as Doss, with Sam Worthington, Luke Bracey, Teresa Palmer, Hugo Weaving, Rachel Griffiths, and Vince Vaughn in supporting roles.

The film was released in the United States on November 4, 2016, grossing $175.3 million worldwide and received largely positive reviews, with Gibson's direction and Garfield's performance earning notable praise.[5] Hacksaw Ridge was chosen by the American Film Institute as one of its top ten Movies of the Year,[6] and has received numerous awards and nominations. The film received six Oscar nominations at the 89th Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actor for Garfield, and Best Sound Editing, winning the awards for Best Sound Mixing and Best Film Editing.[7][8] It also received Golden Globe nominations for Best Picture, Best Director, and Best Actor,[9] and 12 AACTA Awards nominations, winning the majority, including Best Film, Best Direction, Best Original Screenplay, Best Actor for Garfield, and Best Supporting Actor for Weaving.

Hacksaw Ridge
Hacksaw Ridge poster
Theatrical release poster
Directed byMel Gibson
Produced by
Screenplay by
Based onThe Conscientious Objector
by Terry Benedict
Starring
Music byRupert Gregson-Williams
CinematographySimon Duggan
Edited byJohn Gilbert
Production
companies
Distributed by
Release date
  • September 4, 2016 (Venice)
  • November 3, 2016 (Australia)
  • November 4, 2016 (United States)
Running time
139 minutes[2]
Country
  • United States
  • Australia
LanguageEnglish
Budget$40 million[3][4]
Box office$175.3 million[5]

Plot

In rural 1920s Virginia, the young Desmond Doss nearly kills his little brother Hal while roughhousing. This event and his Seventh-day Adventist upbringing reinforce Desmond's belief in the commandment "Thou shalt not kill". Years later, Doss takes an injured man to the hospital and meets a nurse, Dorothy Schutte. The two strike a romance and Doss tells Dorothy of his interest in medical work.

After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Doss enlists in the Army to serve as a combat medic. His father Tom, a World War I veteran, is deeply upset by the decision. Before leaving for Fort Jackson, Desmond asks for Dorothy's hand in marriage and she accepts.

Doss is placed in basic training under the command of Sergeant Howell. He excels physically, but becomes an outcast among his fellow soldiers for refusing to handle a rifle and train on Saturdays. Howell and Captain Glover attempt to discharge Doss for psychiatric reasons under Section 8 but are overruled, as Doss's religious beliefs do not constitute mental illness. They subsequently torment Doss by putting him through grueling labor, intending to get Doss to leave of his own accord. Despite being beaten one night by his fellow soldiers, he refuses to identify his attackers and continues training.

Doss's unit completes basic training and is released on leave, during which Doss intends to marry Dorothy, but his refusal to carry a firearm leads to an arrest for insubordination. Captain Glover and Dorothy visit Doss in jail and try to convince him to plead guilty so that he can be released without charge, but Doss refuses to compromise his beliefs. At his court-martial Doss pleads not guilty, but before he is sentenced, his father barges into the tribunal with a letter from his former commanding officer (now a brigadier general) stating that his son's pacifism is protected by the U.S. Constitution. The charges against Doss are dropped, and he and Dorothy are married.

Doss's unit is assigned to the 77th Infantry Division and deployed to the Pacific theater. During the Battle of Okinawa, Doss's unit is informed that they are to relieve the 96th Infantry Division, which was tasked with ascending and securing the Maeda Escarpment ("Hacksaw Ridge"). During the initial fight, with heavy losses on both sides, Doss saves the life of his squadmate Smitty, earning his respect. As the Americans camp for the night, Doss reveals to Smitty that his aversion to holding a firearm stems from nearly shooting his drunken father, who threatened his mother with a gun. Smitty apologizes for doubting his courage, and the two reconcile.

The next morning, the Japanese launch a massive counterattack and drive the Americans off the escarpment. Smitty is killed, while Howell and several of Doss's squad mates are left injured on the battlefield. Doss hears the cries of dying soldiers and returns to save them, carrying the wounded to the cliff's edge and belaying them down by rope, each time praying to save one more. The arrival of dozens of wounded once presumed dead comes as a shock to the rest of the unit below. When day breaks, Doss rescues Howell and the two escape Hacksaw under enemy fire.

Captain Glover apologizes for dismissing Doss's beliefs as cowardice and tells Doss that they are scheduled to retake the ridge on Saturday and will not launch the next attack without him. Doss agrees but the operation is delayed until after he concludes his Sabbath prayers. With reinforcements, they turn the tide of battle. In an ambush set by Japanese soldiers feigning surrender, Doss manages to save Glover and others by deflecting enemy grenades. Doss is eventually wounded by a grenade blast, but the battle is won. Doss descends the cliff, clutching the Bible Dorothy gave him.

The film switches to archival photos and footage showing that Doss was awarded the Medal of Honor by President Harry S. Truman for rescuing 75 soldiers at Hacksaw Ridge. Doss stayed married to Dorothy until her death in 1991. He died on March 23, 2006, at the age of 87.

Cast

Production

Development

Hacksaw Ridge was in development limbo for fourteen years.[10] Numerous producers had tried for decades to film Doss's story, including decorated war hero Audie Murphy and Hal B. Wallis.[11]

In 2001, after finally convincing Doss that making a movie on his remarkable life was the right thing to do, screenwriter/producer Gregory Crosby (grandson of Bing Crosby) wrote the treatment and brought the project to film producer David Permut, of Permut Presentations, through the early cooperation of Stan Jensen of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, which ultimately led to the film being financed.[10]

In 2004, director Terry Benedict won the rights to make a documentary about Doss, The Conscientious Objector, and secured the dramatic film rights in the process. However, Doss died in 2006, after which producer Bill Mechanic acquired and then sold the rights to Walden Media, which developed the project along with producer David Permut.[12] Gregory Crosby and Steve Longi served as co-producers.[13] Walden Media insisted on a PG-13 version of the battle, and Mechanic spent years working to buy the rights back.[11][14]

After acquiring the rights, Mechanic approached Mel Gibson, and wanted him to create a concoction of violence and faith, as he did with The Passion of the Christ (2004). Gibson turned down the offer twice, as he previously did with Braveheart (1995).[15] Nearly a decade later, Gibson finally agreed to direct, a decision announced in November 2014. The same month, Andrew Garfield was confirmed to play the role of Desmond Doss.[12]

With a budget of $40 million, the team still faced many challenges. Hacksaw Ridge became an international co-production, with key players and firms located in both the United States and Australia. When Australian tax incentives were taken off the table, the film had to qualify as Australian to receive government subsidies. Despite being American-born, Gibson's early years in Australia helped the film qualify, along with most of the cast being Australian, including Rachel Griffiths, Teresa Palmer, Sam Worthington, Hugo Weaving, Richard Roxburgh, and Luke Bracey. Rounding out the cast was American actor Vince Vaughn.[16] According to producer Bill Mechanic, Australian state and federal subsidies made financing the film possible.[17] James M. Vernon, an Australian Executive Producer on Hacksaw Ridge helped the film qualify for Australian government subsidies.[18][19]

On February 9, 2015, IM Global closed a deal to finance the film, and also sold the film into the international markets.[20] On the same day, Lionsgate acquired the North American distribution rights to the film.[21] Chinese distribution rights were acquired by Bliss Media, a Shanghai-based film production and distribution company.[22]

Hacksaw Ridge is the first film directed by Gibson since Apocalypto in 2006,[23][24] and marks a departure from his previous films, such as Apocalypto and Braveheart, in which the protagonists acted violently.[25]

Writing

Robert Schenkkan made the initial draft[26] and Randall Wallace, who was previously attached to direct the film, rewrote the script.[27] Andrew Knight polished the revised script. Gibson's partner Bruce Davey also produced the film, along with Paul Currie.[28]

Casting

The cast—Andrew Garfield, Vince Vaughn, Sam Worthington, Luke Bracey, Teresa Palmer, Rachel Griffiths, Richard Roxburgh, Luke Pegler, Richard Pyros, Ben Mingay, Firass Dirani, Nico Cortez, Michael Sheasby, Goran Kleut, Jacob Warner, Harry Greenwood, Damien Thomlinson, Ben O'Toole, Benedict Hardie, Robert Morgan, Ori Pfeffer, Milo Gibson, and Nathaniel Buzolic, Hugo Weaving, and Ryan Corr—was announced between November 2014 and October 2015.[28][29][30][31][32] The younger Doss was played by Darcy Bryce.[33]

Garfield plays Desmond Doss, a US Army medic awarded the Medal of Honor by President Harry S. Truman for saving lives during the Battle of Okinawa in World War II.[12] Garfield had high regard for Doss, and venerated him for his act of bravery, hailing him as a "wonderful symbol of embodying the idea of live and let live no matter what your ideology is, no matter what your value system is, just to allow other people to be who they are and allow yourself to be who you are." He found the idea of playing a real superhero, as compared to his past roles playing Spider-Man in The Amazing Spider-Man and its sequel, much more inspiring.[34] Garfield admitted that he cried the first time he read the screenplay.[35] He visited Doss's hometown and touched his various tools.[36] Gibson was drawn to Garfield the first time he saw his performance in The Social Network.[25]

Palmer wanted a role in the film so badly that she auditioned via phone, and sent the recording to Gibson. She heard nothing back for three months, until Gibson called Palmer to tell her in a Skype chat that he had cast her in the role of Dorothy, Doss's wife.[37]

Principal photography

Principal photography started on September 29, 2015,[24] and lasted for 59 days,[38] ending in December of that year.[10] Filming took place entirely in Australia.[15] The film was based at Fox Studios in Sydney, after producers vigorously scouted for locations around the country.[39] Filming took place mostly in the state of New South Wales — where Gibson spent much of his early years — in and around Sydney such as in Richmond,[40] Bringelly,[41] and Oran Park.[42] Gibson moved to the state in July 2015, two months before filming began.[43] The graveyard scene was shot at a set-constructed cemetery in Sydney's Centennial Park.[44] The grounds of Newington Armory at Sydney Olympic Park were used as Fort Jackson. Filming in Bringelly required the team to clear and deforest over 500 hectares of land, which evoked the ire of some environmentalists. However, the producers had complete approval and clearance to do so. Also conditions were imposed to replant and rehabilitate part of the land after filming ceased.[45] According to Troy Grant, New South Wales' deputy premier and minister for the arts, the film brought 720 jobs and US$19 million to regional and rural New South Wales.[46]

Altogether, three jeeps, two trucks, and a tank were featured in the film.[15] Bulldozers and backhoes were used to transform a dairy pasture near Sydney to re-create the Okinawa battlefield. A berm had to be raised around the perimeter so cameras could turn 360 degrees without getting any eucalyptus trees in the background.[15] Gibson did not want to rely heavily on computer visual effects, either on the screen or in pre-visualizing the battle scenes. Visual effects were used only during bloody scenes, like napalm-burnt soldiers.[15] During filming of the war scenes, Gibson incorporated his past war-movie experiences, and would yell to the actors, reminding them constantly of what they were fighting for.[15]

Post-production

Kevin O'Connell, who won his first Academy Award for sound mixing in this film (after 20 nominations), stated that budget constraints forced him to use archival sounds of WWII-era weapons.[47]

Themes

The film has been described as an anti-war film,[48] with pacifist themes.[15] It also incorporates recurring religious imagery, such as baptism and ascension.[3]

Historical accuracy

Doss Maeda
Doss on top of the Maeda Escarpment, May 4, 1945

After the war, Doss turned down many requests for books and film versions of his actions, because he was wary of whether his life, wartime experiences, and Seventh-day Adventist beliefs would be portrayed inaccurately or sensationally. Doss's only child, Desmond Doss Jr., stated: "The reason he declined is that none of them adhered to his one requirement: that it be accurate. And I find it remarkable, the level of accuracy in adhering to the principal of the story in this movie."[49] Producer David Permut stated that the filmmakers took great care in maintaining the integrity of the story, since Doss was very religious.[3]

However, the filmmakers did change some details, notably the backstory of his father being a World War I veteran, the incident with the gun Doss took out of his alcoholic father's hands, and the circumstances of his first marriage.[49][50] The character of Smitty, portrayed by Luke Bracey, is an amalgamation of various soldiers who tormented Doss and was created for narrative reasons.[51] Other changes to the story occur near the end of the movie when Doss is placed on a stretcher. In real life, Doss had another wounded man take his place on the stretcher. After treating the soldier, a sniper shot fractured Doss's arm and he crawled 300 yards (270 m)[52] to safety after being left alone for five hours.[53] Gibson omitted this from the film because he felt that the audience would not find the scene believable.[54] The film also omits his prior combat service in the Battle of Guam and Battle of Leyte (Doss was awarded the Bronze Star Medal for extraordinary bravery in both battles),[52] and leaves the impression that Doss's actions at Okinawa took place over a period of a few days, though his Medal of Honor citation covered his actions over a period of about three weeks (April 29 to May 21).[49][55] The visual blog Information is Beautiful stated that the film was 52.7% accurate when compared to real-life events, summarizing that "most of the main war-related events did take place, although not all in the timeframe of the film...also, much of the pre-war stuff is either invented or distorted."[56]

Music

Abbey road studios
The film's score was recorded at Abbey Road Studios in London.
Hacksaw Ridge: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
Soundtrack album by
ReleasedNovember 4, 2016
Recorded2016
StudioAbbey Road Studios
GenreFilm score
Length53:56
LabelVarèse Sarabande
ProducerRupert Gregson-Williams
Rupert Gregson-Williams chronology
The Legend of Tarzan: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
(2016)
Hacksaw Ridge: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
(2016)
Sandy Wexler: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
(2017)

James Horner was originally approached to compose the score for the film but was replaced by John Debney after Horner's untimely death in 2015.[57] Debney was himself replaced by Rupert Gregson-Williams after his score was rejected before Hacksaw Ridge was set to premiere at the Venice Film Festival.[58] When composing the music Gregson-Williams commented: "The soundtrack is really in two parts. A lovely romance blossoms as Desmond discovers both the love of his life and his faith. The second half of the movie is brutal...We wanted to reflect his spirituality without being pious, and his bravery without celebrating violence."[59] The film's accompanying score was recorded at Abbey Road Studios in London, with an orchestra of 70 musicians and a 36-voice choir conducted by Cliff Masterson.[60]

All tracks are written by Rupert Gregson-Williams.

Track listing
No.TitleLength
1."Okinawa Battlefield"3:59
2."I Could Have Killed Him"2:20
3."A Calling"2:42
4."Pretty Corny"1:44
5."Climbing for a Kiss"3:47
6."Throw Hell at Him"1:58
7."Sleep"2:18
8."Dorothy Pleads"3:17
9."Hacksaw Ridge"4:20
10."Japanese Retake the Ridge"4:36
11."I Can't Hear You"2:54
12."One Man at a Time"2:30
13."Rescue Continues"3:46
14."A Miraculous Return"2:50
15."Praying"5:49
16."Historical Footage"4:59
Total length:53:56

Release

The world premiere of Hacksaw Ridge occurred on September 4, 2016,[61] at the 73rd Venice Film Festival, where it received a 10-minute standing ovation.[62] The film was released in Australia on November 3, 2016, by Icon Film Distribution, and in the United States on November 4, 2016, by Lionsgate/Summit Entertainment.[63][64] It was released by Bliss Media in China in November,[65][66] and in the United Kingdom in 2017,[67] with IM Global handling international sales.[24]

Marketing

On July 28, 2016, Lionsgate released the only official trailer for Hacksaw Ridge which garnered millions of views.[68] In partnership with Disabled American Veterans, Gibson screened the film at both the DAV National Convention and VFW National Convention in August 2016 to raise awareness of veterans' issues.[69] Within the same month, Gibson also appeared at Pastor Greg Laurie's SoCal Harvest in Anaheim, California to promote the film.[70] A number of Seventh-day Adventist ministries offered free copies of the Hero of Hacksaw Ridge book during the film's release[71][72] as well as created promotional materials[73] to highlight Doss's faith.[74] On February 24, 2017, Reto-Moto and Lionsgate announced a cross-promotion where the purchase of a DLC pack for Heroes & Generals would also give the purchaser a digital copy of the film.[75]

Reception

Box office

Hacksaw Ridge grossed $67.1 million in the United States and Canada and $108.2 million in other countries for a worldwide total of $175.3 million, against a production budget of $40 million.[5]

The film opened alongside Doctor Strange and Trolls, and was projected to gross around $12 million from 2,886 theaters. It was expected to play very well among faith-based, Midwest, and Southern audiences.[76][77] It made $5.2 million on its first day and $15.2 million in its opening weekend, finishing third at the box office behind Doctor Strange and Trolls. The debut was on par with the $15 million opening of Gibson's last directorial effort, Apocalypto, in 2006.[78] In its second weekend, the film grossed $10.6 million (a drop of just 30%), finishing 5th at the box office.[79]

The film also opened successfully in China, grossing over $16 million in its first four days at the box office[80] and over $60 million in total.[81]

Critical response

On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 85% based on 261 reviews, with an average rating of 7.26/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Hacksaw Ridge uses a real-life pacifist's legacy to lay the groundwork for a gripping wartime tribute to faith, valor, and the courage of remaining true to one's convictions."[82] On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 71 out of 100, based on 47 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".[83] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave an average grade of "A" on an A+ to F scale,[84] while PostTrak reported filmgoers gave it a 91% overall positive score and a 67% "definite recommend."[78]

The Milford Daily News called the film a "masterpiece", adding that it "is going to end up on many 2016 Top 10 lists, that should get Oscar nominations for Best Actor, Best Director, and Best Picture."[85] Maggie Stancu of Movie Pilot wrote that "Gibson made some of his most genius directing choices in Hacksaw Ridge, and Garfield has given his best performance yet. With amazing performances by Vince Vaughn, Teresa Palmer, Sam Worthington and Hugo Weaving, it is absolutely one of 2016's must-see films."[86] Mick LaSalle of SFGate called the film "a brilliant return for Mel Gibson, which confirms his position as a director with a singular talent for spectacle and a sure way with actors."[87] In The Film Lawyers, Samar Khan called Hacksaw Ridge "fantastic," and emphasised "just how wonderful it is to have Gibson back in a more prominent position in Hollywood, hopefully with the demons of his past behind him. If Hacksaw Ridge is any indication, we are poised for a future filled with great films from the visionary director."[88] The Daily Telegraph awarded four stars, and added: "Hacksaw Ridge is a fantastically moving and bruising war film that hits you like a raw topside of beef in the face – a kind of primary-coloured Guernica that flourishes on a big screen with a crowd."[89]

The Guardian also awarded the film four stars, and stated that Gibson had "absolutely hit Hacksaw Ridge out of the park."[90] The Australian's reviewer was equally positive, stating that, as a director, "Gibson's approach is bold and fearless; this represents his best work to date behind the camera."[91] Rex Reed of Observer rated it with four stars, and called it "the best war film since Saving Private Ryan... [I]t is violent, harrowing, heartbreaking and unforgettable. And yes, it was directed by Mel Gibson. He deserves a medal, too"[92] Michael Smith of Tulsa World called Hacksaw Ridge a "moving character study" and praised both the direction and acting: "It's truly remarkable how Gibson can film scenes of such heartfelt emotion with such sweet subtlety as easily as he stages some of the most vicious, visual scenes of violence that you will ever see. ... Hacksaw Ridge is beautiful and brutal, and that's a potent combination for a movie about a man determined to serve his country, as well as his soul."[93] IGN critic Alex Welch gave a score of 8/10, praising it as "one of the most successful war films of recent memory," and "at times horrifying, inspiring, and heart-wrenching."[94] Mike Ryan of Uproxx gave the film a positive review, praising Gibson's direction and saying, "There are two moments during the second half of Mel Gibson's Hacksaw Ridge when I literally jumped out of my seat in terror. The film's depiction of war is the best I've seen since Saving Private Ryan."[95] Peter Travers of Rolling Stone gave the film 3.5 stars, writing, "Thanks to some of the greatest battle scenes ever filmed, Gibson once again shows his staggering gifts as a filmmaker, able to juxtapose savagery with aching tenderness."[96] In contrast, Matt Zoller Seitz for RogerEbert.com gave the film 2.5 stars, and described the film as "a movie at war with itself."[97]

Accolades

Hacksaw Ridge won Best Film Editing and Best Sound Mixing and was nominated for Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actor for Garfield, and Best Sound Editing at the Academy Awards.[98] The film won Best Editing and was nominated for Best Actor in a Leading Role for Garfield, Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Sound, and Best Makeup and Hair at the British Academy Film Awards.[99] The film won Best Action Movie and Best Actor in an Action Movie for Garfield and was nominated for Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actor for Garfield, Best Editing, and Best Hair and Makeup at the Critics' Choice Awards.[100] The film received three nominations at the Golden Globe Awards, including Best Motion Picture – Drama, Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama for Garfield, and Best Director.[9] The film won Best Actor for Garfield, Best Film Editing and Best Sound and was nominated for Best Film, Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Cinematography, Best Original Score, and Best Art Direction and Production Design at the Satellite Awards.[101]

See also

References

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External links

21st Satellite Awards

The 21st Satellite Awards is an award ceremony honoring the year's outstanding performers, films, television shows, home videos and interactive media, presented by the International Press Academy.

The nominations were announced on November 29, 2016. The winners were announced on February 18, 2017.The following day, the nominations for Master of None (Best Television Series – Musical or Comedy) and Laurie Metcalf (Best Actress in a Musical or Comedy Series for Getting On) were rescinded for being ineligible in 2016.

22nd Critics' Choice Awards

The 22nd Critics' Choice Awards is an upcoming awarding event, scheduled to take place on December 11, 2016 at Santa Monica Airport's Barker Hangar in California, together with its television awards, honoring the best in 2016 filmmaking. It will be broadcast by A&E, while T. J. Miller will return to host the ceremony. For the first time in awards history the ceremony date has been moved to December from its usual January slot.

6th AACTA Awards

The 6th Australian Academy of Cinema and Television Arts Awards (generally known as AACTA Awards) are a series of awards which includes the 6th AACTA Awards Luncheon, the 6th AACTA Awards ceremony and the 6th AACTA International Awards. The former two events were held at The Star Event Centre, in Sydney, New South Wales. Presented by the Australian Academy of Cinema and Television Arts (AACTA), the awards celebrate the best in Australian feature film, television, documentary and short film productions of 2016. The first winners announced on 5 December 2016 and the AACTA Awards ceremony occurred on 7 December 2016 and was broadcast on the Seven Network for the second year running with an extended broadcast to air on Arena.The first round of nominees, for Best Feature Length Documentary, Best Short Animation and Best Short Fiction Film, were announced on 14 July 2016. A new feature film and television category for Best Hair and Makeup was presented for the first time. Through a partnership with Australian Subscription Television and Radio Association (ASTRA) five additional awards, for subscription television programs, were handed out for Best Lifestyle Program, Best New Talent, Best Male Presenter, Best Female Presenter and Best Live Event Production.

6th AACTA International Awards

The 6th Australian Academy of Cinema and Television Arts International Awards (commonly known as the AACTA International Awards will be presented by the Australian Academy of Cinema and Television Arts (AACTA), a non-profit organisation whose aim is to identify, award, promote and celebrate Australia's greatest achievements in film and television. Awards will be handed out for the best films of 2016 regardless of the country of origin, and are the international counterpart to the awards for Australian films.The awards will be presented on 6 January 2017 at The Avalon in Hollywood, Los Angeles with Australian actor Daniel MacPherson hosting the event. The ceremony will be broadcast on Foxtel Arts in Australia on 8 January. The nominees were announced on 13 December 2016 with Hacksaw Ridge, La La Land and Lion receiving nominations in all seven categories.

89th Academy Awards

The 89th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 2016, and took place on February 26, 2017, at the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, at 5:30 p.m. PST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 24 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Michael De Luca and Jennifer Todd and directed by Glenn Weiss. Comedian Jimmy Kimmel hosted the ceremony for the first time.In related events, the Academy held its 8th Annual Governors Awards ceremony at the Grand Ballroom of the Hollywood and Highland Center on November 12, 2016. On February 11, 2017, in a ceremony at the Beverly Wilshire Hotel in Beverly Hills, California, the Academy Scientific and Technical Awards were presented by hosts John Cho and Leslie Mann.In the main ceremony, Moonlight won three awards including Best Picture, after La La Land was mistakenly announced as a winner, as well as Best Supporting Actor for Mahershala Ali. La La Land won six awards, the most for the evening, out of its record-tying fourteen nominations, including Best Actress for Emma Stone and Best Director for Damien Chazelle. Hacksaw Ridge and Manchester by the Sea won two awards each with Casey Affleck winning Best Actor for the latter. Viola Davis won the Best Supporting Actress honor for Fences. The telecast garnered 33 million viewers in the United States.

Andrew Garfield

Andrew Russell Garfield (born 20 August 1983) is a British-American actor. He is the recipient of several accolades, including a Tony Award, and has been nominated for an Academy Award and two British Academy Film Awards.

Born in Los Angeles and raised in Epsom, England, Garfield began his career on the UK stage and in television productions. He made his feature-film debut in the 2007 ensemble drama Lions for Lambs. Also that year, his performance in the television film Boy A earned him a British Academy Television Award for Best Actor. He came to international attention in 2010 with supporting roles in the drama The Social Network, for which he received a BAFTA nomination for his portrayal of Eduardo Saverin, and the science fiction romance Never Let Me Go. Garfield subsequently gained wider recognition for playing Spider-Man in the 2012 superhero film The Amazing Spider-Man and its 2014 sequel. In 2016, Garfield starred in two critically acclaimed historical dramas, Hacksaw Ridge and Silence. His portrayal of Desmond T. Doss in the former earned him nominations for the Academy Award and BAFTA Award for Best Actor.

On stage, Garfield has played Biff in a 2012 Broadway revival of Arthur Miller's play Death of a Salesman, which earned him a Tony Award nomination for Best Featured Actor in a Play. In 2017, he starred as Prior Walter in a production of Angels in America at the Royal National Theatre in London, a role for which he was nominated for an Olivier Award for Best Actor. He reprised the role on Broadway in 2018, for which he received the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play.

Andrew Knight (writer)

Andrew John Knight (born 29 September 1953) is multi-award-winning Australian TV writer and producer of film and television, known for his work on Rake , Jack Irish, Hacksaw Ridge, Ali's Wedding and The Water Diviner.

In 1989 he co founded, with Steve Vizard, the production company Artist Services and in 2000 he formed Cornerstore Films, which has produced three major television series including the award-winning After The Deluge, which Andrew wrote and produced.

At the 2015 AACTA Awards Andrew received the Longford Lyell Award for Outstanding Lifetime Achievement.. Other awards include the 2015 Australian Writers' Guild Award for An Original Feature Film Script, The Water Diviner (co-written with Andrew Anastasios), the 2016 AACTA Award for Best Original Screenplay, Hacksaw Ridge (co-written with Robert Schenkkan), the 2016 Australian Writers' Guild Award for An Original Feature Film Script Ali's Wedding (co-written with Osamah Sami), and the 2017 AACTA Award for Best Original Screenplay Ali's Wedding.

Andrew co-produced and wrote The Broken Shore, produced and wrote Siam Sunset for Artist Services, and wrote telemovie Mumbo Jumbo. He has also been involved in some of Australia’s most iconic comedy, co-producing and writing for Fast Forward, The D-Generation, and writing for Full Frontal. He was co-creator, principal writer and executive producer of the ABC’s immensely popular drama

SeaChange.

Andy Wright (sound engineer)

Andy "Frank" Wright is an Australian supervising sound editor. He is known for his work on the war-drama film Hacksaw Ridge directed by Mel Gibson, for which he received two Academy Award nominations at the 89th Academy Awards, Best Sound Editing and Best Sound Mixing (both shared with Robert Mackenzie).

Bliss Media

Bliss Media is a Chinese film company specializing in international film financing, production and distribution. The company was founded in 2011 and now holds offices in both Shanghai and Los Angeles. It has been involved in the investment, production and distribution process of international feature films including Hacksaw Ridge, Jackie, and Loving. Hacksaw Ridge ultimately became the highest grossing imported war film in China.

Desmond Doss

Desmond Thomas Doss (February 7, 1919 – March 23, 2006) was a United States Army corporal who served as a combat medic with an infantry company in World War II. He was twice awarded the Bronze Star Medal for actions in Guam and the Philippines. Doss further distinguished himself in the Battle of Okinawa by saving 75 men, becoming the only conscientious objector to receive the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Second World War. His life has been the subject of books, the documentary The Conscientious Objector, and the 2016 film Hacksaw Ridge.

John Gilbert (film editor)

John Gilbert is a film editor who works primarily in New Zealand. Gilbert has edited 17 feature films as well as television shows and short films. He won the Academy Award for Best Film Editing and the BAFTA Award for Best Editing, among several honors, for Mel Gibson's war drama Hacksaw Ridge (2016). Gilbert had earlier received various accolades for his work on Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring (2001), including the Satellite Award for Best Editing and nominations for an Academy Award, a BAFTA Award and an ACE Eddie Award.

John Gilbert's first position in film was with Government filmmaking body The National Film Unit, in his native New Zealand. Gilbert was taking a break from history and anthropology studies at the time, but never returned to university, moving on to Television New Zealand, where he worked as an assistant editor and editor. Gilbert also spent time freelancing as a sound editor.Gilbert's first credit as an editor on a full-length feature was for the film Crush (1992), which was invited to the Cannes Film Festival. Gilbert received a "Best Editing" award from the New Zealand Film and Television Awards for comedy drama film Via Satellite (1998). He received a New Zealand Screen Award for editing The World's Fastest Indian (2005) and reunited with Mel Gibson on the historical drama The Professor and the Madman.Gilbert has been elected to membership in the American Cinema Editors.

Kevin O'Connell (sound mixer)

Kevin O'Connell is a sound re-recording mixer. He held the record for most Academy Award nominations without a win at 20, until he finally won his first Academy Award for Hacksaw Ridge (2016) at the 89th Academy Awards in 2017.

Luke Bracey

Luke Bracey (born 26 April 1989) is an Australian actor, known for his work in films such as Monte Carlo, G.I. Joe: Retaliation, The November Man, Point Break and Hacksaw Ridge, and for television series such as Westside and Home and Away.

Mel Gibson

Mel Colmcille Gerard Gibson (born January 3, 1956) is an American actor and filmmaker. He is best known for his action hero roles, particularly his breakout role as Max Rockatansky in the first three films of the post-apocalyptic action series Mad Max and as Martin Riggs in the buddy cop film series Lethal Weapon.

Born in Peekskill, New York, Gibson moved with his parents to Sydney, Australia, when he was 12 years old. He studied acting at the National Institute of Dramatic Art, where he starred opposite Judy Davis in a production of Romeo and Juliet. During the 1980s, he founded Icon Entertainment, a production company, which independent film director Atom Egoyan has called "an alternative to the studio system". Director Peter Weir cast him as one of the leads in the World War I drama Gallipoli (1981), which earned Gibson a Best Actor Award from the Australian Film Institute, as well as a reputation as a serious, versatile actor.

In 1995, Gibson produced, directed, and starred in Braveheart, a historical epic, for which he won the Golden Globe Award for Best Director, the Academy Award for Best Director, and the Academy Award for Best Picture. He later directed and produced The Passion of the Christ, a biblical drama that was both financially successful and highly controversial. He received further critical notice for his directorial work of the action-adventure film Apocalypto (2006), which is set in Mesoamerica during the early 16th century.

After several legal issues and controversial statements leaked to the public, Gibson's public image plummeted significantly, affecting his careers in acting and directing. His career began seeing resurgence with his performance in Jodie Foster's The Beaver (2011), and his directorial comeback after an absence of 10 years, Hacksaw Ridge (2016), which won two Academy Awards and was nominated for another four, including Best Picture and Best Director for Gibson, his second nomination in the category.

Milo Gibson

Milo Gibson (born November 16, 1990) is an Australian-born American actor and the son of Mel Gibson. He is known for his roles in All the Devil's Men, Breaking and Exiting, Gangster Land and Hacksaw Ridge.

Gibson was born in Australia, but moved to Los Angeles as a child and grew up in Malibu. Gibson worked as an electrician prior to starting his acting career. Gibson made his film debut in his father's movie, Hacksaw Ridge.He had a major role as Lt. Johnny Kent in Hurricane (2018 film) which was also released under the titles Hurricane: 303 Squadron, 303: Bitwa o Anglię in Poland and Mission of Honor in the United States.

Peter Grace (sound engineer)

Peter Grace is an Australian production sound mixer. He is best known for his work on critically acclaimed war-drama film Hacksaw Ridge (2016) for which he received the Academy Award for Best Sound Mixing at the 89th Academy Awards, sharing with Robert Mackenzie, Kevin O'Connell and Andy Wright.

Robert Mackenzie (sound engineer)

Robert Mackenzie is an Australian supervising sound editor. He is best known for his work on Animal Kingdom (2010), The Hunter (2011), Lore (2012), Felony (2013), The Grandmaster (2013), The Rover (2014), Deadline Gallipoli (2015), Partisan (2015), Lion, and critically acclaimed war-drama film Hacksaw Ridge, for which he received two Academy Award nominations at the 89th Academy Awards, Best Sound Editing and Best Sound Mixing (both shared with Andy Wright).

Sam Worthington

Samuel Henry John Worthington (born August 2, 1976) is an Australian actor and writer. He portrayed Jake Sully in the 2009 film Avatar, Marcus Wright in Terminator Salvation, and Perseus in Clash of the Titans as well as its sequel Wrath of the Titans. He then transitioned to more dramatic roles, appearing in Everest (2015), Hacksaw Ridge (2016), The Shack, and Manhunt: Unabomber (both 2017). He also voiced the protagonist, Captain Alex Mason, in the video games Call of Duty: Black Ops (2010) and Call of Duty: Black Ops II (2012).

In 2004, Worthington received Australia's highest film award for his lead role in Somersault.

Terry Benedict

Terry Benedict is an American film producer. He is the founder and CEO of The Shae Foundation.Terry is most well known for co-producing Hacksaw Ridge, nominated for six Academy Awards. Hacksaw Ridge is based on Benedict's documentary, The Conscientious Objector; a film about Medal of Honor winner Desmond Doss, who refused to carry a weapon in World War Two. Doss is the first conscientious objector to ever receive a Medal of Honor.

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