HMV

HMV is a UK based music and film retailer (registered in England as Sunrise Records and Entertainment Ltd.). The first HMV-branded store was opened by the Gramophone Company on Oxford Street in 1921, and the HMV name was also used for television and radio sets manufactured from the 1930s onwards. The retail side of the business began to expand in the 1960s, and in 1998 was divested from EMI, the successor to the Gramophone Company, to form what would become HMV Group.

HMV stands for His Master's Voice, the title of a painting by Francis Barraud of the dog Nipper listening to a cylinder phonograph, which was bought by the Gramophone Company in 1899.[5] For advertising purposes this was changed to a wind-up gramophone, and eventually used simply as a silhouette.

HMV owned the Waterstone's bookshop chain from 1998 until 2011,[6] and has owned the music retailer Fopp since August 2007.[7] It purchased a number of former Zavvi stores in February 2009, and also branched into live music venue management that year by purchasing MAMA Group. It sold the group in December 2012.

On 15 January 2013, HMV Group plc entered administration.[8] Deloitte were appointed to deal with the administration of the company.[9] On 16 January 2013, HMV Ireland declared receivership, and all Irish stores were closed.[10] A week later, on 22 January 2013, it was reported that Hilco UK would buy the debt of HMV, a step towards potentially taking control of the company.[11] The sale of HMV's Hong Kong and Singapore business to private equity firm Aid Partners was completed on 28 February 2013. On 5 April 2013, HMV was bought out of administration by Hilco UK for an estimated £50 million to form the current company.[12] HMV Group plc, which had been listed on the London Stock Exchange and was a constituent of the FTSE Fledgling Index, was liquidated in July 2014.[13]

HMV Canada is a former subsidiary which was sold to Hilco by the HMV Group in 2011. HMV Canada went into receivership in 2017 after being sued by Huk 10 Ltd., a shell company owned by Hilco.[14][15] Sunrise Records announced that it had negotiated to purchase the leases for 70 of HMV's locations from landlords to convert them to Sunrise stores as well as plans to retain as many former HMV staff as possible.

After announcing its intent to enter administration again in December 2018, the company was bought from Hilco by Sunrise Records on 5 February 2019.

HMV
HMV
Limited company
IndustryMusic & Film Retail
Founded20 July 1921 in London, United Kingdom[1]
Headquarters
Mermaid House,
Puddle Dock,
London[2]
,
Number of locations
105 stores (2019)
Key people
Doug Putman, Owner. Neil Taylor, Managing Director. Sally Wood, Chief Financial Officer. [3]
ProductsMusic
Film
Merchandise
Technology
Video Games
Books
OwnerSunrise Records
Number of employees
1,600 (2019) [4]
SubsidiariesFopp
Websitewww.hmv.com

History

Origins

HMV record
A record featuring the "His Master's Voice" title and Nipper

The antecedents of HMV began in the 1890s at the dawn of the disc gramophone. By 1902 it had become the beginnings of the Gramophone Company. In February 1907 they commenced the building of a new dedicated record factory at Hayes, Middlesex. Disc records were sold in music shops and independent retailers at this time. In 1921 the Gramophone Company opened the first dedicated HMV shop in Oxford Street,[16] London, in a former men's clothing shop; the composer Edward Elgar participated in the opening ceremonies.[17] In March 1931 the Gramophone Company merged with Columbia Graphophone Company to form Electric and Musical Industries Ltd (EMI).[5]

From the 1930s onwards, HMV manufactured radio and television sets and radiograms under the HMV and Marconiphone brand names in their factory in Hayes, Middlesex.

Expansion

HMV - Oxford Street 1
HMV's former flagship branch on Oxford Street, London

In 1966 HMV began expanding its retail operations in London. Throughout the 1970s, the company continued to expand, doubling in size, and in six years became the country's leading specialist music retailers. It faced new competition, however, from Virgin Megastores, established in 1976, and Our Price, established in 1972. Subsequently, HMV overtook Our Price in popularity and threatened their existence, having established a chain of newer, larger stores.

The company opened its flagship store at a new location on Oxford Street in 1986, announcing it was the largest record store in the world at the time, and the official opening was attended by Bob Geldof and Michael Hutchence.[18] Growth continued for a third decade into the 1990s, with the company reaching over 320 stores[18] including in 1990 their first store in the U.S. located at 86th and Lexington in New York City which was the largest music retailer in North America.[19] HMV celebrated its 75-year anniversary in 1996.[5]

In February 1998, EMI entered into a joint venture with Advent International to form HMV Media Group led by Alan Giles, which acquired HMV's stores and Dillons, leaving EMI with a holding of around 45%.[20] The new joint venture then bought the Waterstone's chain of bookshops to merge with Dillons.[21]

Flotation

By 2002, EMI's holding in HMV Media was 43%, with Advent International owning 40% and management the remainder.[22] The company floated on the London Stock Exchange later in the year as HMV Group plc, leaving EMI with only a token holding.[23]

The group became susceptible to a takeover following a poor period of trading up to Christmas 2005. Private equity firm Permira made a £762 million conditional bid for the group (based on 190p a share) on 7 February 2006, which was rejected by HMV as an insufficient valuation of the company.[24] Permira made a second offer which increased the value, although HMV declined it on 13 March 2006, subsequently issuing a statement that the offer undervalued the medium and long term prospects for the company,[25] resulting in Permira withdrawing from bidding.[26]

Acquisitions

HMV, Leeds 001
A large HMV branch in Leeds incorporating an Orange shop

In 2006 the HMV Group purchased the Ottakar's book chain and merged it into Waterstone's. The merger tied into HMV's strategy for growth, as many of the Ottakar's branches were in smaller towns and outposts. The Competition Commission provisionally cleared HMV Group, through Waterstone's, for takeover of the Ottakar's group on 30 March 2006, stating that the takeover would "not result in a substantial lessening of competition".[27] Waterstone's then announced that it had successfully negotiated a takeover of Ottakar's on 31 May 2006.[28] All 130 Ottakar's stores were rebranded as Waterstone's prior to Christmas 2006. In March 2007, new Group CEO Simon Fox announced a 10% reduction over three years in the enlarged Waterstone's total store space, comprising mostly dual location shops created by the acquisition of Ottakar's.[29]

On 29 June 2007, the entertainment retailer Fopp went into administration, with the closure of 81 stores and 800 staff made redundant.[30] On 31 July HMV bought the brand and six stores that it said had traded profitably, saving around 70 jobs.[31]

On 24 December 2008, Christmas Eve, HMV's rival Zavvi, also an entertainment retailer, entered administration. On 14 January 2009 a placing announcement by HMV revealed that they intended to acquire 14 of Zavvi's stores.[32] On 18 February 2009 five additional Zavvi stores were purchased by HMV Group, to be rebranded as HMV outlets. An additional former Zavvi store in Exeter's Princesshay development was also added.[33] The acquisitions were investigated and cleared by the Office of Fair Trading in April 2009.[34]

In the 2008 MCV Industry Excellence Awards, HMV was given the title 'Entertainment Retailer of the Year'.[35]

In January 2009, HMV bought a 50% stake in MAMA Group, forming a joint venture with the group called the Mean Fiddler Group.[36] The deal introduced the HMV brand to live music venues, including the Hammersmith Apollo.[37] On 23 December 2009, it bought the whole of the MAMA Group in a live music takeover deal worth £46 million.[38]

HMV bought 50% of 7digital for £7.7 million in September 2009, as part of a strategy to increase its digital content offering. 7digital provided HMV's music download service, and the company planned to introduce an e-books service for Waterstone's.[39]

On 5 January 2011 HMV announced that profits would be at the lower end of analysts' forecasts due to falling sales, resulting in the share price falling by 20%[40] and an announcement of the group's intention to close 40 HMV stores, as well as 20 Waterstone's stores, mainly in towns and cities where the company operates at multiple locations. The first of the store closures began at the end of January 2011.[41]

The sale of Waterstone's to A&NN Capital Fund Management for £53 million was completed on 29 June 2011, and was approved by the vast majority of shareholders at an emergency general meeting.[42]

HMV sold the Hammersmith Apollo to AEG Live and Eventim in May 2012 for £32 million.[43] It sold the remainder of MAMA Group to Lloyds Development Capital in December 2012 for £7.3 million, which also included the company's 50% stake in Mean Fiddler Group.[44]

Administration (2013)

HMV, Kirkgate, Wakefield (10th March 2013) 002
A branch in Wakefield closing as part of the group administration (March 2013).

On 15 January 2013, HMV Group appointed Deloitte as company administrators and suspended shares,[8] putting its 4,350 UK employees at the risk of redundancy.[9][45] Store gift vouchers were initially declared void since holders are classified as unsecured creditors to whom the company owe the value,[46] but were accepted again from 22 January 2013.[47] HMV Ireland followed by declaring receivership on 16 January 2013, which required the company under Irish law to close all its stores immediately.[10]

Restructuring firm Hilco UK bought HMV's debt from its creditors The Royal Bank of Scotland and Lloyds Banking Group, as a step towards potentially taking control of the company.[48] It was revealed that the total debt Hilco had bought amounted to around £110 million,[49] and that HMV owed around £20 million in tax to HM Revenue and Customs at the time of its entry into administration.[50]

On 31 January 2013, it was reported that 190 redundancies had been made at the head office and distribution centres.[51]

On 7 February 2013 Deloitte confirmed that 66 stores had been identified for closure.[52] No fixed date was given for the closures but they were expected to take place in the following two months. The next day, Deloitte confirmed that an additional 60 redundancies, including the chief executive Trevor Moore, had been made at the group's head offices in London, Marlow and Solihull.[53] Deloitte confirmed on 20 February 2013 that an additional 37 stores would close.[54] On 26 February 2013, 6 stores were sold to supermarket chain Morrisons.[55]

On 28 February 2013, 8 stores in Hong Kong and Singapore were sold to AID Partners Capital Limited and the operation then became independent from HMV Group that bought by Hilco UK. This transaction also enables AID Partners Capital Limited to possess the rights to use the HMV brand in Hong Kong, Macau, China, Taiwan and Singapore.

By 23 March 2013, Deloitte were seeking to complete a deal to sell 120 stores as a going concern.[56] The decision to close several stores that had previously been identified for closure, including Stockport and Grimsby,[57] were reversed following talks with landlords.[58]

By 21 March 2016, China 3D Digital Entertainment Limited acquired HMV Hong Kong operations from AID Partners Capital Limited, later renamed to HMV Digital China Group Limited.

Hilco ownership (2013 - 2019)

HMV Oxford Street by Alex Liivet
HMV reopened its original store in Oxford Street in October 2013. This store was closed on 5 February 2019 following the purchase of HMV by Sunrise Records.

On 5 April 2013, Hilco UK announced that it had acquired HMV, taking the company out of administration and saving 141 of its stores and around 2,500 jobs. The total included 25 stores that had previously been selected for closure by Deloitte during the administration process. All 9 Fopp stores which HMV owned were also included in the purchase. Hilco also stated that it hoped to reopen an HMV store in Ireland following the closure of all stores in the country.[59] The takeover deal was estimated at around £50 million.[12]

On 9 June 2013 it was confirmed that Hilco Capital Ireland had purchased HMV Ireland, and would reopen five stores within six weeks.[60]

The company moved its flagship Oxford Street store back to the original unit on 363 Oxford Street on 23 October 2013.[61] HMV's existing store, itself the largest music store in the world, closed on 14 January 2014.[62]

By 2014, HMV had gained the second highest share of the UK entertainment market, behind Amazon.[63] The company's filing to Companies House in September 2014 revealed it had made a profit of £17 million in the 11 months since it had entered administration.[64] In January 2015, HMV overtook Amazon to become the largest retailer of physical music in the UK.[65]

Sunrise ownership (2019 - Present)

On 28 December 2018, HMV confirmed it had again been placed into administration. Hilco UK cited the "tsunami" of retail competition as the reason for the move. [66] On 5 February 2019, Canadian record stores chain Sunrise Records announced its acquisition of HMV Retail Ltd. from Hilco UK for an undisclosed amount. Sunrise had previously acquired the leases for over 70 HMV locations in Canada after HMV Canada entered receivership, which expanded the Ontario-based retailer into a national chain. Sunrise plans to maintain the HMV chain and five Fopp stores, but immediately closed 27 locations, including the flagship Oxford Street branch and other locations with high rent costs.[67]

Company founder Doug Putman stated that he planned to increase the chain's emphasis on vinyl record sales as part of the turnaround plan: Sunrise's leverage of the vinyl revival had helped bolster the Canadian locations' performance after the transition from HMV, having sold at least 500,000 vinyl LPs in 2017 alone. Putman argued that, despite the growth of digital music sales and streaming, "talk about the demise of the physical business is sometimes a bit exaggerated, especially in music specialists. Most of the decline is coming from nontraditional sellers like the grocery chains. We'll be here for quite some time."[68][69][67]

Several of the 27 stores closed as part of the Sunrise sale have now re-opened following successful negotiations with landlords.

Stores re-opened since the sale to Sunrise Records

HMV Bluewater

HMV Bath

HMV Glasgow Braehead

HMV Sheffield Meadowhall

Fopp Byres Road, Glasgow

Operations

Following the purchase by Hilco UK, it was reported that the company was seeking to reduce the number of store staff across the business, as part of an effort to save £7.8 million on the wages budget. Stores would lose security staff, cashiers and supervisors, with managers required to provide cover.[70] As of August 2016, All HMV stores in Ireland had closed down and replaced with an online store.[71]

HMV Belfast re-opened up in March 2014 after over a £1 million pound refurbishment, making it the last remaining HMV store in Northern Ireland .[72]

HMV established a joint venture with Curzon Cinemas in October 2009 as part of chief executive Simon Fox's plan to bring cinemas to HMV and Waterstone's stores across England. The first trial cinema opened above the existing HMV store in Wimbledon, in a former storage room converted into three separate screens and a bar. It has its own entrance, allowing access outside store hours, and one within the store. The trial was deemed a success, and it had been planned to open additional cinemas in HMV's Cheltenham store, and Waterstone's in Piccadilly, London.[73]

In June 2015, HMV relaunched an online store to accompany its existing music download service.[74]

Independently of the UK operations, one store in Singapore and five in Hong Kong trade under the HMV brand, and are owned by the private equity firm AID Partners.[75]

Product range

HMV stores stock a range of products including audio, books, Blu-ray discs, CDs, DVDs, video games, as well as an increasing range of movie, television and music merchandise.

The company launched a music download service in October 2013 (www.hmvdigital.com), provided by 7digital,[76] which includes iOS and Android apps.[77]

The company relaunched its online store in June 2015, providing CDs, DVDs, Blu-ray Discs, and LP records for online order and home delivery via Royal Mail with exclusive stock also available.[78]

Loyalty programme

On 1 September 2008, HMV launched "Get Closer", a social networking site allowing users to import their own music library, rivalling other providers including online music stores Napster and the iTunes Store.[79] The site was closed in September 2009.[80]

HMV operate a loyalty scheme branded as "pure HMV", first launched in August 2003, but subsequently closed and relaunched in 2008.[81] The scheme awards cardholders points for purchases, which can be collected and redeemed on a number of rewards including vouchers to spend in-store, memorabilia and signed merchandise.

See also

References

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  2. ^ "Contact us". HMV. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
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External links

750 Burrard Street

750 Burrard Street (also known as 969 Robson Street, or "Robson Central") is a building in Downtown Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, at the northeast corner of Robson Street and Burrard Street.

The site was home of the main branch of the Vancouver Public Library from 1957 to 1995. In December 1996, Canada's first (and ultimately only) Virgin Megastore opened on the lower level; Virgin eventually decided to exit the Canadian market and sold the location to HMV in September 2005. In late 2011, HMV Canada, now separately owned by Hilco UK, announced plans to close the Burrard location in January 2012 as part of a corporate refocusing towards smaller locations. HMV closed at this location on January 23, 2012.

The southeast corner of the building was also the first Planet Hollywood in Vancouver opened on March 16, 1997. The main entrance was on 969 Robson Street. It was closed in October 1999 after bankruptcy.The upper levels were taken over in fall 1997 as studios for the newly launched independent TV station VTV. VTV later became part of the CTV Television Network (now owned by Bell Media), and the site now serves as Bell Media's west coast headquarters. The site selection, and much of the VTV format, had been inspired by Toronto station City and the iconic downtown studios that were at the time synonymous with the station. Incidentally, CTV would later acquire the Toronto building in question (but not City TV).

The Globe and Mail, which was co-owned with CTV from 2001 to 2010, later moved its Vancouver offices into part of CTV's space; its offices remain in the building despite no longer sharing common ownership with CTV. Later, radio stations 94.5 Virgin Radio, 103.5 QMFM, TSN Radio 1040 and TSN Radio 1410 (now BNN Bloomberg Radio 1410), all co-owned with CTV since 2007, also moved into the building. In the early 2010s, CTV reduced its space so that its offices are no longer directly accessible from Burrard Street; though it remains in the same building, it now uses the address 969 Robson Street.

Besides Bell Media and the Globe, current occupants include a flagship Victoria's Secret / Pink store, as well as a Clearly Contacts retail store.

7digital

7digital Group Plc is a publicly listed digital music and radio services platform. 7digital offers both B2B services for digital media partners as well as 7digital-branded direct-to-consumer (D2C) music download stores.

7digital's platform and API have been used to power digital music services for businesses such as Guvera, Onkyo,Samsung, BlackBerry, HMV, musical.ly & Technics. 7digital's group companies Smooth Operations, Unique Production and Above The Title are now branded 7digital Creative, producing independent content for broadcasters like BBC Radio 1, Radio 1Xtra, BBC Radio 2 and BBC Radio 3.

7digital music download stores are available globally and have major label catalogue in over 40 countries. They also have a mobile web-store, smartphone apps for Android, BlackBerry 10 devices, Firefox OS, Windows and iOS.

ANobii

aNobii is a social networking site aimed at readers. Its website was launched in 2006 by Greg Sung. It was acquired by the publisher Mondadori in 2014 from a venture backed by HMV Group, HarperCollins, Penguin and Random House.

The service allows individuals to catalogue their books and rate, review and discuss them with other readers. The service is available via the aNobii website and iPhone and Android apps. The apps allow individuals to barcode scan books and read both community and expert reviews.

aNobii has readers in over 20 countries, but is most popular in Italy.

On 2 March 2011 it was announced that in 2010 aNobii had been acquired by a UK startup led by HMV Group and supported by HarperCollins, Penguin and The Random House Group and that the company is working on a new version of the website with possibility to buy books and most of all ebooks.On 12 June 2012 it was announced that HMV had sold its interest to UK supermarket company Sainsbury's for £1.In January 2013, it was announced that beta.anobii.com will be known as eBooks by Sainsbury's from 20 February 2013. Anobii.com will continue to exist as a social network for book lovers.In January 2014, aNobii Ltd was sold to the Italian publisher Arnoldo Mondadori Editore.The word “aNobii” comes from Anobium Punctatum, the Latin name for the most common bookworm.

Crash (Feeder song)

"Crash" was the third single from Feeder's critically acclaimed 1997 album Polythene.

It made number 48 in mid-August of the same year, giving Feeder their first top-50 hit despite the band still yet to appear on Radio 1's playlist at the time. The song refers to a relationship.

The B-side "Here In The Bubble" was a working title for the Polythene album, which leads to many fans wondering if this track would have been on the album had the original title of the same name stayed. Also on the single is an acoustic version of the album track "Forgive".

Kerrang! referred to the song as "one of the finest slices of pop-coated rock you could ever wish to hear", and rated the single "KKKK" (four stars out of five), further noting that the full single was another of "Grant Nicholas' big-booted, gorgeously bruised stompers" and commented "one wonders what you have to do to get played on Radio 1 these days". HMV promoted the single with a press advertisement in Kerrang! on 16 August 1997. Nonetheless, by the time of the advertisement, HMV had banned Feeder from playing live in their stores after hundreds of fans crowd surfed during the song when the band performed the song during a brief set at the Portsmouth HMV branch on 11 August, which was the second performance of their HMV brief acoustic set tour to promote the single which had begun earlier that day in Southampton. As Kerrang! reported, more than three-hundred fans came to see the band perform the song, but as the record store bosses were displeased with the crowd surfing, and when the band travelled to the Bristol HMV the following day as their next in their promotional tour, they were told they could sign autographs but not perform live at any HMV branch again.

Digbeth Institute

The O2 Institute (originally known as the Digbeth Institute) is a music venue located in Birmingham, England. The venue opened in 1908 as a mission of Carrs Lane Congregational Church. It has also served as an event centre, civic building and nightclub.

It has three main rooms: the 2000-capacity main auditorium called The Institute which has a seated upper balcony, the downstairs room which holds up to 600 people called O2 Institute2 (formerly "The Library") and the 250-capacity upstairs room O2 Institute3 (formerly "The Temple").The venue also houses "Un-Plug", an intimate club with a capacity of 400, located in the building's cellar. The space formerly operated as the "Midland Jazz Club", "Jug 'O Punch Folk Club", Dance Factory and "Barfly".

Gramophone Company

The Gramophone Company, based in the United Kingdom and founded on behalf of Emil Berliner, was one of the early recording companies, the parent organisation for the His Master's Voice (HMV) label, and the European affiliate of the American Victor Talking Machine Company. Although the company merged with the Columbia Graphophone Company in 1931 to form Electric and Musical Industries Limited (EMI), its name "The Gramophone Company Limited" continued in the UK into the 1970s.

HMV Canada

HMV Canada Ltd. is a defunct Canadian entertainment retailer, owned by Hilco. The company was originally a subsidiary of HMV in the United Kingdom until it was sold to Hilco Capital in 2011. HMV itself would later be bought by Hilco in 2013. HMV Canada's head office was located in Etobicoke. The retailer ceased operations in Spring 2017.

Hammersmith Apollo

The Hammersmith Apollo (currently called the Eventim Apollo, for sponsorship reasons, and formerly – and still commonly – known as the Hammersmith Odeon) is an entertainment venue and a Grade II* listed building located in Hammersmith, London.

Designed by Robert Cromie in Art Deco style, it opened in 1932 as the Gaumont Palace, being renamed the Hammersmith Odeon in 1962. It has had a string of names and owners, most recently AEG Live and Eventim UK.

His Master's Voice

His Master's Voice (HMV) is a famous trademark in the recording industry and was the unofficial name of a major British record label. The phrase was coined in the 1890s as the title of a painting of a terrier mix dog named Nipper, listening to a wind-up disc gramophone. In the original painting, the dog was listening to a cylinder phonograph. In the 1970s, the statue of the dog and gramophone, His Master's Voice, were cloaked in bronze and was awarded by the record company (EMI) to artists or music producers or composers as a music award and often only after selling more than 100,000 recordings.

Interesting Drug

"Interesting Drug" was the fourth solo single released by Morrissey. The song was not featured on one of Morrissey's main studio albums, but can be found on the compilation album Bona Drag along with the B-side "Such a Little Thing Makes Such a Big Difference". It features Kirsty MacColl on backing vocals as well as his former colleagues in The Smiths, Andy Rourke, Mike Joyce and Craig Gannon. All three also appear on the B-sides. The artwork for the single features Morrissey photographed by Lawrence Watson. It reached number 9 in the UK, becoming Morrissey's last Top 10 single until 1994.

Irish Independent Albums Chart

The Irish Independent Albums Chart (also known as Independent Artist Albums or Top 20 Indie Albums) is a chart of best-selling independent album releases in Ireland. It is issued weekly by the Irish Recorded Music Association (IRMA) and complied on its behalf by GfK's Chart-Track.

Chart rankings are based upon album sales compiled through electronically captured retail data each day from retailers' EPOS systems and certain digital retailers. Sales from major retailers, including HMV, Virgin, Tower and Golden Discs, were once excluded from the chart but data from major retailers and over forty other independent retailers now compose the chart.

Kabir Suman

Kabir Suman (born Suman Chattopadhyay on 16 March 1949) is an Indian singer, composer, musician, music director, poet, novelist, polyglot, journalist, political activist, TV presenter, and occasional actor. From May 2009 to 2014, he was a member of parliament of India in the 15th Lok Sabha, having been elected from the Jadavpur constituency in Kolkata from All India Trinamool Congress.He changed his name from Suman Chattopadhyay to Kabir Suman when he converted to Islam as a mark of protest against the killing of Christian missionary Graham Staines by Hindu fundamentalist group Bajrang Dal. He shot to fame in the 1990s with albums such as Tomake Chai (I Want You) and Boshe Anko (Sit-and-Draw).Kabir Suman was the pioneer of alternative Bengali music around 1991. He advocated a new trend in Bengali Music with songs that were written, composed and sung, all by a single individual. Many contemporary solo artists like Anjan Dutta, Nachiketa Chakraborty, and Rupam Islam tried to follow this trend. He has influenced bands like Chandrabindoo. He is the first singer of Bengali music industry who is a multi-instrumentalist. He plays the piano, guitar, harmonica and the melodica in his live concerts. The majority of his concerts are entirely solo. He is the first Indian musician who has recorded a complete album, where a solo artist has written, composed, sung, recorded, mixed and mastered all the songs.

Live at The Gaslight 1962

Live at The Gaslight 1962 is a live album including ten songs from early Bob Dylan performances on October 15th, 1962 at The Gaslight Cafe in New York City's Greenwich Village. Released in 2005 by Columbia Records, it was originally distributed through an exclusive 18-month deal with Starbucks, after which it was released to the general retail market.Live at The Gaslight 1962 was recorded early in Dylan's career, when he was still virtually unknown outside Greenwich Village. Thanks to the cooperation of various club owners, and the management skills of Dave Van Ronk's wife, Terri Thal, Dylan was able to record a number of performances during that time on a reel-to-reel tape recorder patched into the house PA system. It is believed that Live at The Gaslight 1962 was culled from tapes recorded with this arrangement. But in 2016, during a video interview promoting the release of Dylan's Live 1966 box, sound engineer Richard Alderson, who had built the Gaslight's sound system and would later handle the sound for Dylan's 1966 tour, claimed he was the one who recorded the Gaslight performances at the request of the Gaslight's owners during an after hours show.

These Gaslight recordings have circulated among Dylan collectors for many years. They made their first appearance on bootleg LPs no later than 1973, and have appeared, in various forms, on several bootleg LPs and CDs and on many Dylan fan CDR projects. The full set of recordings, including 17 tracks, is usually referred to by Dylan collectors as the "Second Gaslight Tape", but some refer to the recordings as a compilation of the "Second" and "Third Gaslight Tape", believing them to be compiled from two different sets at The Gaslight. The source recording is not continuous, and its exact provenance has not been firmly established.

Two tracks from these recordings were previously released on official Dylan albums: "No More Auction Block" appeared on The Bootleg Series Volumes 1–3 (Rare & Unreleased) 1961–1991 in 1991 and "Handsome Molly" appeared on the Japanese release Live 1961–2000: Thirty-Nine Years of Great Concert Performances. A third track, "The Cuckoo (Is a Pretty Bird)", was included on a promotional CD distributed in U.S. retail markets in association with the official release of Chronicles, Vol. 1.

The Gaslight recordings had been warmly received by critics and collectors alike ever since Greil Marcus wrote about them in the late 1960s. When this CD was officially released, the critical consensus remained positive, with Entertainment Weekly's David Browne giving it an A- grade. "Although [Dylan] was too young to pull off the burnout elegy 'Moonshiner,'" wrote Browne, "Gaslight is a spellbinding reminder that Dylan was never a typical folkie (or typical anything, for that matter)."

London Forum

The London Forum, formerly known as the Town & Country Club, is a concert venue in Kentish Town, London, England owned by MAMA & Company. The venue was built in 1934 and was originally used as an art deco cinema. After the cinema was closed, the venue re-opened as an Irish dance hall called The Forum.

Mike Berry (singer)

Mike Berry (born Michael Hubert Bourne, 24 September 1942) is an English singer and actor. He is known for his top ten hits "Don't You Think It's Time" (1963) and "The Sunshine of Your Smile" (1980) in a singing career spanning nearly 60 years. He subsequently became an actor in the 1970s, best known for his appearances as Mr. Spooner on the British sitcom Are You Being Served?

Nissar Hussain Khan

Ustad Nissar Hussain Khan (1909–93) was an Indian classical vocalist from the Rampur-Sahaswan gharana. He was a disciple and son of Fida Hussain Khan and after a long and illustrious career was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1971. He was the court musician of Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III at Baroda and was featured extensively on All India Radio. He was a specialist in Tarana. His most famous disciples are Ghulam Mustafa khan and Rashid Khan.

Record shop

A record shop or record store is a retail outlet that sells recorded music. In the late 19th century and the early 20th century, record shops only sold gramophone records, but over the 20th century, record shops sold the new formats that were developed, such as eight track tapes, compact cassettes and compact discs (CDs). Today in the 21st century, record stores sell CDs, vinyl records and in some cases, DVDs of movies, TV shows, cartoons and concerts. Some record stores also sell music-related items such as posters of bands or singers and even clothing and items such as bags and coffee mugs.

Even in the heyday of the CD during the 1990s, people in English-speaking countries still used the term "record shop" to describe a shop selling sound recordings such as CDs. Now that vinyl records have had a resurgence in the 21st century, often generating more income than CDs, the name has come full circle and is relevant once more.

Prior to the 2000s, more record shops were privately run, independent businesses, meaning that prices could differ from town to town and store to store. In the 2000s, record shops are largely chain-owned and thus prices are fairly similar in different towns. In the United Kingdom the national chain style of selling records and tapes developed with Our Price, itself originally a small independent business founded in the early 1970s that expanded nationwide.

Current major chains around the world include HMV, Fopp, Rough Trade, Virgin Megastores, Tower Records, FYE, Sam Goody, Velvet Music, Sunrise Records, Plato, Amoeba Music and Rasputin Music. The enormous increase in sales of vinyl records in the 2000s has provided an opportunity for growth in some sectors. The flagship HMV store at 363 Oxford Street in London, for example, has a whole department for new vinyl LPs and singles. According to a recent study, Brighton, England has the highest number of record stores per 100,000 residents in the world.

Saregama

Saregama India Ltd. (Saregama refers to the first four notes of the Indian musical scale) is India’s

oldest music label owned by RPSanjiv Goenka Group of companies. The company is listed on the NSE and BSE with its head office located in Kolkata and other offices in Mumbai, Delhi and Chennai. Apart from music, Saregama also produces films under the brand name Yoodlee Films and multi-language Television content.Saregama owns music repertoire across Film music, Carnatic, Hindustani classical, Devotional etc. inall prominent Indian languages. The first song recorded in India by Gauhar Jaan in 1902 and the first film made in Bollywood ‘Alaam Ara' in 1931 were under the music label. Some of the prominent Indian artists who have produced their music with Saregama are Lata Mangeshkar, MSSubbalakshmi, Shamshad Begum, Asha Bhosle, Mohd. Rafi, Kishore Kumar, Mukesh, Jagjit Singh, Pt.Bhimsen Joshi, Pt. Jasraj, Chamkila, Gurdas Mann etc.

Waterstones

Waterstones, formerly Waterstone's, is a British book retailer that operates 283 shops, mainly in the UK and also other nearby countries. As of February 2014, it employs around 3,500 staff in the UK and Europe. An average-sized Waterstones shop sells a range of approximately 30,000 individual books, as well as stationery and other related products.

Established in 1982 by Tim Waterstone, after whom the company was named, the bookseller expanded rapidly until being sold in 1993 to WHSmith. In 1998, Waterstones was bought by a consortium of Waterstone, EMI & Advent International. The company was taken under the umbrella of HMV Group, which later merged the Dillons and Ottakar's brands into the company. Following several poor sets of results for the group, HMV put the chain up for sale. In May 2011, it was announced that A&NN Capital Fund Management, owned by Russian billionaire Alexander Mamut, had bought the chain and appointed James Daunt as managing director. The company is incorporated in England & Wales as Waterstones Booksellers Ltd, with its registered office at 203–206 Piccadilly, London (which is also the location of its flagship shop). As well as the Waterstones brand, the company owns the London bookseller Hatchards, Irish shop Hodges Figgis, and reached an agreement to purchase Foyles in 2018.The bookseller has concession agreements with Paperchase and previously with coffee chains Costa Coffee and Starbucks in some shops, but since 2012 has introduced its own Café W brand. For a time, Waterstones sold eReaders, including in 2012 partnering with Amazon to sell the Amazon Kindle, but has since pulled out of this market for commercial reasons.Waterstones administers and supports various literary awards, including the Children's Laureate and the Waterstones Children's Book Prize.

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