HMS Kipling (F91)

HMS Kipling (F91) was a K-class destroyer built for the Royal Navy during the 1930s.

HMS Kipling (F91) IWM FL 012464
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Kipling
Builder: Yarrow, Scotstoun
Laid down: 20 October 1937
Launched: 19 January 1939
Commissioned: 12 December 1939
Identification: Pennant number: F91
Fate: Sunk on 11 May 1942, by Luftwaffe bombers at 32°23′24″N 26°11′24″E / 32.39000°N 26.19000°ECoordinates: 32°23′24″N 26°11′24″E / 32.39000°N 26.19000°E
General characteristics (as built)
Class and type: K-class destroyer
Displacement:
Length: 356 ft 6 in (108.66 m) o/a
Beam: 35 ft 9 in (10.90 m)
Draught: 12 ft 6 in (3.81 m) (deep)
Installed power:
Propulsion: 2 × shafts; 2 × geared steam turbines
Speed: 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph)
Range: 5,500 nmi (10,200 km; 6,300 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)
Complement: 183 (218 for flotilla leaders)
Sensors and
processing systems:
ASDIC
Armament:

Description

The K-class destroyers were repeats of the preceding J class, except that they were not fitted for minesweeping gear. They displaced 1,690 long tons (1,720 t) at standard load and 2,330 long tons (2,370 t) at deep load. The ships had an overall length of 339 feet 6 inches (103.5 m), a beam of 35 feet (10.7 m) and a draught of 9 feet (2.7 m). They were powered by two Parsons geared steam turbines, each driving one propeller shaft, using steam provided by two Admiralty three-drum boilers. The turbines developed a total of 40,000 shaft horsepower (30,000 kW) and gave a maximum speed of 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph). The ships carried a maximum of 484 long tons (492 t) of fuel oil that gave them a range of 5,500 nautical miles (10,200 km; 6,300 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph). The ships' complement was 183 officers and men.[1]

The ships were armed with six 4.7-inch (120 mm) Mark XII guns in twin mounts, two superfiring in front of the bridge and one aft of the superstructure. For anti-aircraft (AA) defence, they had one quadruple mount for 2-pounder "pom-pom" guns and two quadruple mounts for the 0.5 inch Vickers Mark III anti-aircraft machinegun. The K-class ships were fitted with two above-water quintuple mounts for 21-inch (533 mm) torpedoes.[2] The ship was fitted with two depth charge throwers and one rack for 20 depth charges.[1]

Construction and career

HMS Kipling, named after the author and poet Rudyard Kipling, was laid down by Yarrow, Scotstoun on 20 October 1937, launched on 19 January 1939, by Kipling's daughter, and commissioned on 12 December 1939. On 11 October 1940, Kipling, along with another six destroyers, escorted the battleship HMS Renown to bombard the French port of Cherbourg. On 17 December 1941, she was lightly damaged by splinters from a 203 mm round from the Italian cruiser Gorizia during the First Battle of Sirte.[3] The British assessment concluded instead that Kipling was hit by near-misses from 305 mm shells fired by the battleships Andrea Doria and Giulio Cesare. Her wireless aerials were knocked down, her structure, hull and attached boats holed. One crewmember was killed in action.[4] On 28 December 1941 Kipling sank the German submarine U-75. Kipling was attacked by German Ju 88 bombers of Lehrgeschwader 1 north-west of Mersa Matruh in Egypt on 11 May 1942 and sunk by Joachim Helbig. 29 of her crew were killed and 221 men were rescued.[5]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Lenton, p. 167
  2. ^ Whitley, p. 117
  3. ^ Bragadin, p. 149
  4. ^ Navy, corporateName=Royal Australian. "H.M. Ships Damaged or Sunk by Enemy Action in WWII". www.navy.gov.au. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
  5. ^ http://uboat.net/forums/read.php?22,65862,90424,quote=1

References

  • Bragadin, Marc'Antonio: The Italian Navy in World War II, United States Naval Institute, Annapolis, 1957. ISBN 0-405-13031-7
  • Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) [1969]. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
  • English, John (2001). Afridi to Nizam: British Fleet Destroyers 1937–43. Gravesend, Kent: World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-64-9.
  • Friedman, Norman (2006). British Destroyers & Frigates: The Second World War and After. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-86176-137-6.
  • Haarr, Geirr H. (2010). The Battle for Norway: April–June 1940. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-59114-051-1.
  • Haarr, Geirr H. (2009). The German Invasion of Norway, April 1940. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-59114-310-9.
  • Langtree, Charles (2002). The Kelly's: British J, K, and N Class Destroyers of World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-422-9.
  • Lenton, H. T. (1998). British & Empire Warships of the Second World War. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-048-7.
  • March, Edgar J. (1966). British Destroyers: A History of Development, 1892–1953; Drawn by Admiralty Permission From Official Records & Returns, Ships' Covers & Building Plans. London: Seeley Service. OCLC 164893555.
  • Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945: The Naval History of World War Two (Third Revised ed.). Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-119-2.
  • Whitley, M. J. (1988). Destroyers of World War 2. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-326-1.
  • Winser, John de D. (1999). B.E.F. Ships Before, At and After Dunkirk. Gravesend, Kent: World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-91-6.

External links

Battle of Crete order of battle

This is the complete order of battle for the Battle of Crete and related operations in 1941.

Kipling (disambiguation)

Rudyard Kipling (1865–1936) was a British author.

Kipling can also refer to

PeopleJohn Lockwood Kipling (1837–1911), father of Rudyard Kipling

Alice Kipling (1837–1910), mother of Rudyard KiplingPlaces

Kipling, Ohio, an unincorporated community in Center Township, Guernsey County, Ohio, United States

Kipling, Saskatchewan, a town in Saskatchewan

Kipling Airport, an airport near Kipling, Saskatchewan

Kipling Avenue, a street in Toronto and York Region

Kipling station, a station on the Toronto subway system

Kipling GO Station, a GO Train commuter rail station in Toronto

Colorado State Highway 391, also known as Kipling StreetOther

Mr Kipling, a brand of baked goods in the United Kingdom

Kipling House, a boarding house at Haileybury and Imperial Service College, a public school near Hertford, England

Harry Kipling, a character in 2000 AD, a British science-fiction comic

HMS Kipling (F91), a British K class destroyer named after the author and sunk in the Second World War

Rudyard Kipling (ship), British steam trawler sunk in 1939

Kipling (brand), Belgian bag brand

Kipling (crater), a crater on planet Mercury.

Bagheera kiplingi, a species of jumping spider

Willoughby Kipling, a fictional character by DC Comics

List of Royal Navy losses in World War II

This is a list of Royal Navy ships and personnel lost during World War II, from 3 September 1939 to 1 October 1945.

See also List of ships of the Royal Navy.

List of shipwrecks in the Atlantic Ocean

This is a partial list of shipwrecks which occurred in the Atlantic Ocean. The list includes ships that sank, foundered, grounded, or were otherwise lost. The Atlantic Ocean is here defined in its widest sense to include: the Baltic Sea; Black Sea; the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico; the English Channel; the Labrador Sea; the Mediterranean Sea; the Mid-Atlantic; the North Sea; and the Norwegian Sea.

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