HMS Jervis

HMS Jervis, was a J-class destroyer of the Royal Navy named after Admiral John Jervis (1735–1823). She was laid down by R. and W. Hawthorn, Leslie and Company, Limited, at Hebburn-on-Tyne on 26 August 1937. The ship was launched on 9 September 1938 and commissioned on 8 May 1939, four months before the opening of hostilities.

Designed as a flotilla leader to the J-class destroyers, who were intended to make up the 7th Flotilla, Jervis was the sister ship of, and identical to, Kelly, leader to the K class and similar to Napier of the N class. However, despite an impressive war record (she earned 13 battle honours) she remains virtually unknown, overshadowed by her more famous sister.

HMS Jervis
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Jervis
Namesake: Admiral John Jervis
Builder: Hawthorn Leslie and Company
Laid down: 26 August 1937
Launched: 9 September 1938
Commissioned: 8 May 1939
Decommissioned: May 1946
Identification:
Fate: Sold for scrap, 1954
General characteristics (as built)
Class and type: J-class Flotilla leader
Displacement:
Length: 356 ft 6 in (108.66 m) o/a
Beam: 35 ft 9 in (10.90 m)
Draught: 12 ft 6 in (3.81 m) (deep)
Installed power:
Propulsion: 2 × shafts; 2 × geared steam turbines
Speed: 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph)
Range: 5,500 nmi (10,200 km; 6,300 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)
Complement: 183 (218 for flotilla leaders)
Sensors and
processing systems:
ASDIC
Armament:
Service record
Part of:
Commanders:
  • Captain Philip Mack (1939–1942)
  • Captain A.L Poland (1942)
  • Captain A.F Pugsley (January 1943– 22 June 1943)
  • Captain J.S Crawford (22 June 1943– November 1943)
  • Lt. Commander Roger P. Hill (1944)
Operations:

Service history

1939 (Home Waters)

When war broke out in September 1939, Jervis was under the command of Captain Philip Mack, and was leader of the 7th Destroyer Flotilla (DF) based in the Humber. The first six months of hostilities was taken up with sweeps across the North Sea, in "appalling weather conditions" which saw the Flotilla suffer a succession of storm and collision damage. During this time Jervis captured three blockade runners, one on the second day of the war, and helped search for the merchant ship SS City of Flint. In March 1940 Jervis was involved in a collision with SS Tor, a Swedish freighter, that put her in dock for the next three months for repairs.

1940 (Mediterranean)

During this time Mack, as Captain (D) led the Flotilla from Janus, and in May 1940 sailed with her for the Mediterranean to take command of the 14th Destroyer Flotilla. Jervis' pennant number changed to G00 around this time[1] In July, after working-up trials, she joined him in Malta, where he resumed command. For the next two years Jervis saw action in a constant round of operations; sweeps along the coast, bombarding shore targets for the Army, protecting convoys to Malta, and screening major fleet movements.

1941

In 1941 Jervis was involved in a number of fleet actions. In March she was at Battle of Cape Matapan. In the course of the battle she was involved in the destruction of the Italian cruiser Zara which had been crippled by heavy guns in attempting to recover the Italian cruiser Pola, which had been stricken by an aerial torpedo. Then Jervis came alongside Pola and boarded her, taking off the wounded before, with the destroyer Nubian, torpedoing and sinking Pola. In April she led the force that annihilated an Axis convoy at the action off Sfax. In May she was in the battle of Crete, where many Royal Navy ships were lost, including her sister ship Kelly. During the summer Jervis ran supplies to the beleaguered port of Tobruk, and in December she led the destroyers at the first Battle of Sirte. On returning to Alexandria, she was damaged in the Italian human torpedo attack on the fleet there; (which was commanded by Lieutenant Luigi Durand de la Penne). This left her in dock for six weeks; the same attack crippled the battleships Queen Elizabeth and Valiant.

1942

Released at the end of January, she resumed operations. In April she joined the Malta Strike Force, although without her captain; Mack left Jervis in March due to ill-health and was replaced as captain of Jervis, and Captain (D), by A.L Poland. He would command her, and lead the 14th Destroyer Flotilla, for the next year. In March 1942, under Poland's leadership, she again led the destroyers at the second Battle of Sirte.

1943

On the night of 1/2 June, an Italian convoy of two supply ships escorted by a destroyer and a torpedo boat, was intercepted off the Straits of Messina by Jervis (Captain A.F Pugsley) and the Greek destroyer Queen Olga (Lieutenant Commander Blessas). A Wellington bomber dropped flares and after a short battle lasting half an hour, the two Allied destroyers sank the convoy and destroyed both escorts.[2][3]

Jervis also saw action during the landings in Sicily, Calabria, Salerno, and Anzio, as well as operations in the Adriatic. She supported both the 8th Army and Yugoslav partisans. In the Autumn of 1943 Jervis was in the Aegean supporting the ill-fated operation against the Dodecanese Islands. On 16/17 October with HMS Penn, sank Sub Chaser UJ-2109 at Kalymnos.[4]

1944 (Home Waters)

Having returned to Britain after a re-fit, and no longer Flotilla leader, Jervis saw action at the Normandy landings under Lieutenant Commander Roger Hill, and in the closing stages of the war. She decommissioned in September 1944, paying off at Chatham prior to a further, major re-fit.

1945 and post-war

Re-commissioned in May 1945, Jervis saw further service in the Mediterranean, policing the aftermath of World War II. She paid off into the reserve at Chatham in May 1946, and was then laid-up in the Gareloch where she was used for training of local Sea Cadets. Placed on the Disposal List in October 1947, she was one of a number of ships used for explosives trials in Loch Striven during 1948.

Fate

Jervis was handed over to the British Iron and Steel Corporation for demolition in January 1949 and allocated to by Arnott Young, arriving at Troon, on the Firth of Clyde for breaking up in September.

"Lucky Jervis"

Jervis had a reputation as a lucky ship (again in contrast to her sister, Kelly, who seemed to have more than her share of bad luck). Despite a long and active career, in 5½ years of war and 13 major actions, not one of her crew was lost to enemy action, possibly a unique record. An example of her luck might be seen in her action at Anzio in January 1944. Supporting the landing with gunfire, Jervis and her sister ship, Janus, were attacked by enemy aircraft using Henschel Hs 293 glider bombs. Both were hit; Janus’ forward magazine exploded, sinking her with the loss of nearly 160 of her crew; Jervis’ bow was blown off, leaving her to be towed stern-first to safety. Astonishingly, not one of her crew was harmed in this incident, and she was able to rescue over 80 of Janus’ crew.

Battle honours

Mediterranean 1940–44; Libya 1940–42; Malta convoys 1941–42;
Matapan 1941; Sfax 1941; Crete 1941; Sirte 1942;
Sicily 1943; Salerno 1943; Aegean 1943; Adriatic 1944; Anzio 1944; Normandy 1944[5]

Only Orion and Nubian, who served in the Mediterranean with Jervis matched this record; it was exceeded by HMS Warspite, the Mediterranean Fleet flagship, which saw service in both World Wars.

Notes

  1. ^ HMS Jervis at naval-history.net
  2. ^ Destroyer Man by Rear-Admiral AF Pugsley in collaboration with Captain Donald Macintyre. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London 1957, pages 141 to 144
  3. ^ The Naval Review, Volume XXXVII No. 3, August 1949, page 274
  4. ^ UJ-2109 was the Hunt-class minesweeper Widnes, which was sunk in 1941 at Suda Bay, and subsequently salvaged by the Axis for service as a submarine chaser. UJ-2109 at warshipsww2.eu; Archived from the original on 6 October 2014; retrieved 29 June 2014.
  5. ^ Warlow. Battle Honours of the Royal Navy. p. 129.

See also

References

  • Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) [1969]. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
  • G.G.Connell, Mediterranean Maelstrom: HMS Jervis and the 14th Flotilla (1987) ISBN 0-7183-0643-0
  • English, John (2001). Afridi to Nizam: British Fleet Destroyers 1937–43. Gravesend, Kent: World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-64-9.
  • Friedman, Norman (2006). British Destroyers & Frigates: The Second World War and After. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-86176-137-6.
  • Hodges, Peter; Friedman, Norman (1979). Destroyer Weapons of World War 2. Greenwich: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 978-0-85177-137-3.
  • Langtree, Charles (2002). The Kelly's: British J, K, and N Class Destroyers of World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-422-9.
  • Lenton, H. T. (1998). British & Empire Warships of the Second World War. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-048-7.
  • March, Edgar J. (1966). British Destroyers: A History of Development, 1892–1953; Drawn by Admiralty Permission From Official Records & Returns, Ships' Covers & Building Plans. London: Seeley Service. OCLC 164893555.
  • Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945: The Naval History of World War Two (Third Revised ed.). Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-119-2.
  • Warlow, Ben (2004). Battle Honours of the Royal Navy. Cornwall: Maritime Books. ISBN 1-904459-05-6.
  • Whitley, M. J. (1988). Destroyers of World War Two: An International Encyclopedia. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-326-1.

External links

Battle of the Tarigo Convoy

The Battle of the Tarigo Convoy (sometimes referred to as the Action off Sfax) was a naval battle of World War II, part of the Battle of the Mediterranean. It was fought on 16 April 1941, between four British and three Italian destroyers, near the Kerkennah Islands off Sfax, in the Tunisian coast. The battle was named after the Italian flagship, the destroyer Luca Tarigo.

Control of the sea between Italy and Libya was heavily disputed as both sides sought to safeguard their own convoys while interdicting those of their opponent. Axis convoys to North Africa supplied the German and Italian armies there, and British attacks were based on Malta, itself dependent upon convoys.

Convoy HX 84

Convoy HX 84 was the 84th of the numbered series of Allied North Atlantic HX convoys of merchant ships from Halifax, Nova Scotia, to Liverpool, England, during the Battle of the Atlantic. Thirty-eight ships escorted by the armed merchant cruiser HMS Jervis Bay departed from Halifax on 28 October 1940, eastbound to Liverpool.On 5 November 1940, the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer found the convoy at 50°30′N 32°00′W and attacked immediately. Captain E.S.F. Fegen of Jervis Bay attacked the raider so as to delay Admiral Scheer and to allow the convoy to scatter. Jervis Bay was sunk after 20 minutes of fighting with the loss of 190 of her crew. Nevertheless, their sacrifice allowed the convoy to begin to escape. The merchant ship SS Beaverford, armed with only two guns, engaged Admiral Scheer in a cat and mouse gunnery duel that lasted for over four hours before Beaverford was sunk with all hands. This allowed most of the convoy to complete their escape. Admiral Scheer was only able to sink six of the 38 ships in the convoy.

Maiden, Trewellard, Kenbame Head, Beaverford and Fresno were sunk and the tanker San Demetrio damaged, but failing light now allowed the rest of the convoy to escape. San Demetrio was abandoned by her crew, but two days later some of the crew, now in lifeboats, sighted San Demetrio, still afloat and still ablaze. They reboarded her, got the engines running, and brought her in to port. This incident later formed the basis for the script of the film San Demetrio London.

Edward Fegen

Captain Edward Stephen Fogarty Fegen, (8 October 1891 – 5 November 1940) was a Royal Navy officer and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Edward Stephen Fogarty Fegen was born into a naval family, one of four children his father being Vice-Admiral F. F. Fegen MVO. He was born at 42 Nightingale Rd, Southsea, Hampshire, on 8th October 1891. At the age of 12, he entered Osborne Royal Naval College and in 1909, he was appointed Midshipman on HMS Dreadnought.

F0

F0 or F00 may refer to:

HMS Jervis (F00), a 1938 British Royal Navy J-class destroyer

F-Zero, a futuristic racing video game series

F00, Dementia in Alzheimer's disease ICD-10 code

F0, Fundamental frequency

BYD F0, a car manufactured by BYD Auto

The lowest tornado intensity on the Fujita scale

F40

F40, F.40 or F-40 may refer to:

In transportation

EMD F40PH, a diesel locomotive

Farman F.40, a 1915 French pusher biplane reconnaissance aircraft

Ferrari F40, a 1987 Italian mid-engine sports car

GM F40 transmission, a car gearboxIn military

HMS Jervis Bay (F40), a 1940 British Royal Navy armed merchant cruiser

HMS Sirius (F40), a 1964 British Royal Navy Leander-class frigate

INS Talwar (F40), a 2000 Indian Navy Talwar class frigate

HMS Roberts (F40)and also :

the NATO code for the JP-4 jet fuel

the ICD-10 code for phobic anxiety disorders

First Battle of Sirte

The First Battle of Sirte was fought between the British Royal Navy and the Regia Marina (Italian Royal Navy) during the Mediterranean campaign of the Second World War. The engagement, largely uneventful, took place on 17 December 1941, south-east of Malta, in the Gulf of Sirte.

In the following days, two Royal Navy forces based at Malta ran into an Italian minefield off Tripoli and two British battleships were disabled by Italian manned torpedoes at Alexandria. By the end of December, the balance of naval power in the Mediterranean had shifted in favour of the Italian Fleet.

Guy Byam

Guy Byam-Corstiaens (died 3 February 1945) was a British journalist and sailor.

Byam served in the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve and was one of only 68 survivors of the 254 crew of HMS Jervis Bay which was sunk in November 1940 in the North Atlantic. Byam lost the sight in his right eye in the incident, having swum through oil to be rescued.Due to his injuries Byam was released from his duties and worked for an engineering company before joining the BBC in November 1942 as a sub-editor in their French Service. In April 1944 Byam joined the BBC's War Reporting Unit which covered Operation Overlord. On D-Day Byam jumped with paratroopers into occupied France. Byam was later part of the Public Relations team under Major R. W. Oliver that was present at the Battle of Arnhem alongside fellow BBC reporter Stanley Maxted and newspaper reporters Alan Wood of the Daily Express and Jack Smyth of Reuters.Byam was killed when the plane he was reporting from, the Rose of York, was shot down over Germany during a daylight air raid on Berlin in February 1945. Byam was one of two BBC reporters who were killed during the Second World War.

HMS Evadne

HMS Evadne was a converted yacht, commissioned as a warship by the Royal Navy during the Second World War. She survives today as the yacht Marala.

HMS Jervis Bay

HMS Jervis Bay was a British liner later converted into an armed merchant cruiser, pennant F40. She was launched in 1922, and sunk on 5 November 1940 by the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer.

HX convoys

The HX convoys were a series of North Atlantic convoys which ran during the Battle of the Atlantic in the Second World War. They were east-bound convoys and originated in Halifax, Nova Scotia from where they sailed to ports in the United Kingdom. They absorbed the BHX convoys from Bermuda en route. Later, after the United States entered the war, HX convoys began at New York.

A total of 377 convoys ran in the campaign, conveying a total of about 20,000 ships. 38 convoys were attacked (about 10%), resulting in losses of 110 ships in convoy; a further 60 lost straggling, and 36 while detached or after dispersal, with losses from marine accident and other causes, for a total loss of 206 ships, or about 1% of the total.

Italian torpedo boat Lupo

The Italian torpedo boat Lupo was a Spica-class torpedo boat built for the Regia Marina in the late 1930s.

During the Second World War, Lupo was involved in several naval actions, including that of the eponymous "Lupo convoy", for which she was awarded the Silver Medal of Military Valour. Lupo was sunk in action in December 1942.

Jervis

Jervis may refer to:

A surname:

Billy Jervis (born 1942), English former professional footballer

Edward Jervis Jervis, 2nd Viscount St Vincent (1767–1859)

Jake Jervis (born 1991), English footballer

John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent (1735–1823), admiral in the Royal Navy

John B. Jervis (1795–1885), American railroad engineer

Richie Jervis (born 1976), English cricketer

Robert Jervis (born 1940), professor of international affairs at Columbia University

Thomas Jervis (1770–1838), English judge

William Jervis (1827–1909), English lawyer and cricketerA given name:

Jervis Burdick (1889–1962), American track and field athlete

Jervis Drummond (born 1976), Costa Rican footballer

Jervis Johnson, games designer for Games Workshop, Nottingham

Jervis McEntee (1828–1891), American painterPlaces:

Cape Jervis, South Australia

Jervis Centre, Dublin.

Jervis Bay, New South Wales, Australia

Jervis Bay Territory

Jervis Bay National Park

Jervis Bay Airport

Jervis Inlet, British Columbia, Canada

Port Jervis, New YorkOther uses:

HMS Jervis (F00), a J-class destroyer of the Royal Navy named after Admiral John Jervis.

HMS Jervis Bay (F40) a British liner converted into an armed merchant cruiser

HMAS Jervis Bay (GT 203), a roll-on/roll-off passenger and cargo ferry

The 4-2-0 steam locomotive type invented by John B. Jervis.

MV San Demetrio

MV San Demetrio was a British motor tanker, notable for her service during the Second World War. She was built in 1938 for the Eagle Oil and Shipping Company. In 1940 she was damaged by enemy action in mid-Atlantic, abandoned by her crew but later re-boarded and successfully brought into harbour. She was the subject of a 1943 feature film, San Demetrio London, one of the few films that recognised the heroism of the UK Merchant Navy crews during the War.

San Demetrio was one of several motor tankers of about 8,000 GRT built for Eagle Oil and Shipping in the latter 1930s. She was built by the Blythswood Shipbuilding Company of Glasgow, who had also launched her sister ships San Conrado in 1936 and San Cipriano in 1937.

Raid on Alexandria (1941)

The Raid on Alexandria was carried out on 19 December 1941 by Italian Navy divers of the Decima Flottiglia MAS, who attacked and disabled two Royal Navy battleships in the harbour of Alexandria, Egypt, using manned torpedoes.

Roger P. Hill

Lieutenant Commander Roger Percival Hill, DSO, DSC, (22 June 1910 – 5 May 2001) was a commander in many famous destroyers of the Royal Navy during the Second World War. Hill served in crucial theatres of the war, being present in the Arctic convoys, the Mediterranean Campaign and Malta Convoys, as well as playing a supporting role aboard HMS Jervis during the Normandy landings.

Hill's first command, HMS Ledbury played a part in the success of Operation Pedestal, the convoy to resupply the beleaguered island of Malta. The Ledbury propped up the crucial oil tanker SS Ohio after it was hit and successively torpedoed by Axis forces, and nursed it to reach the Grand Harbour, Valletta.

San Demetrio London

San Demetrio London is a 1943 British World War II docudrama based on the true story of the 1940 salvage of the tanker MV San Demetrio by some of her own crew, who reboarded her after she had been set on fire by the German heavy cruiser Admiral Scheer and then abandoned, during the Battle of the Atlantic. The film was produced by Michael Balcon for Ealing Studios and directed by Charles Frend.

The Marvell College

The Marvell College is a coeducational secondary school located in Kingston upon Hull in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. The school was originally named after Andrew Marvell, a 17th century metaphysical poet and politician. When the Andrew Marvell College became an academy in September 2016 it became The Marvell College.The school opened in 1953 as Barham High School and Jervis High School. The schools were named after HMS Barham and HMS Jervis, former Royal Navy war ships. Barham was exclusively for girls and Jervis exclusively for boys. Both schools were later combined, became coeducational and was later renamed Andrew Marvell School. Today it is an academy administered by Hull Collaborative Academy Trust , and offers GCSEs, BTECs and Cambridge Nationals as programmes of study for pupils.

Andrew Marvell College moved into new buildings in January 2013. Since this time the school has made its facilities (mainly sports facilities) available to the local community outside of school hours.

Theodor Krancke

Theodor Krancke (30 March 1893 – 18 June 1973) was a naval commander (admiral) of Nazi Germany during World War II and a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves.

Under the command of Krancke, during the five-month-long raiding cruise, the pocket battleship Admiral Scheer sank 13 merchant ships, one armed merchant cruiser HMS Jervis Bay, and captured three merchant ships representing 115,195 gross register tons (GRT) of Allied and neutral shipping.

During the Allied Invasion of Normandy Krancke, as Commander-in-Chief of Navy Group Command West headquartered in Paris, controlled all German naval vessels in France, as well as the various land-based naval units and the naval coastal artillery and anti-aircraft batteries along the French Atlantic coast.

Tony Pugsley

Rear Admiral Anthony Follett Pugsley (7 December 1901 – 17 July 1990) was a British naval officer. During the Second World War he served as a successful destroyer captain, landed the 3rd Canadian Division on D-Day, and planned and executed the amphibious landings on Walcheren during a critically important phase in the Battle of the Scheldt in late 1944.

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