HMS Discovery was the consort ship of James Cook's third expedition to the Pacific Ocean in 1776–1780. Like Cook's other ships, Discovery was a Whitby-built collier originally named Diligence when she was built in 1774. Purchased in 1775, the vessel was measured at 299 tons burthen. Originally a brig, Cook had her changed to a full rigged ship. She was commanded by Charles Clerke, who had previously served on Cook's first two expeditions, and had a complement of 70. When Cook was killed in a skirmish with natives of Hawaii, Clerke transferred to the expedition's flagship HMS Resolution and John Gore assumed command of Discovery. She returned to Britain under the command of Lieutenant James King, arriving back on 4 October 1780.
After returning to the Nore in 1780, Discovery was fitted out as a transport at Woolwich Dockyard, serving as such between December 1780 and May 1781. She then became a dockyard craft at Woolwich, and was broken up at Chatham Dockyard in October 1797.
Resolution and Discovery by Samuel Adkin
|Launched:||1774 (as the collier Diligence)|
|Fate:||Broken up at Chatham Dockyard in October 1797|
|Class and type:||8-gun discovery ship|
|Tons burthen:||299 bm|
|Length:||91 ft 6 in (27.89 m)|
|Beam:||27 ft 6 in (8.38 m)|
|Draught:||11 ft 5 in (3.48 m)|
|Sail plan:||brig, later full-rigged|
|Complement:||70 as transport|
Events from the year 1778 in Great Britain.HMS Discovery
Eleven ships of the Royal Navy and a reserve shore establishment of the Canadian Navy have borne the name HMS/HMCS Discovery, while ships of other branches have also used the name:
HMS Discovery (1600) was a discovery vessel in service between 1600 and 1620.
HMS Discovery (1651) was a 20-gun ship purchased in 1651 and burnt in 1655.
HMS Discovery (1692) was a 6-gun ketch launched in 1692 and broken up in 1705.
HMS Discovery (1719) was a discovery sloop lost in the Arctic in 1719.
HMS Discovery (1741) was a 6-gun storeship purchased in 1741 and sold in 1750.
HMS Discovery (1774) was an 8-gun discovery vessel launched in 1774 as the civilian collier Diligence. She was acquired in 1775, and accompanied HMS Resolution on Captain James Cook's third voyage of exploration from 1776 to 1780. She became a dockyard transport in 1781 and was broken up in 1797.
HMS Discovery (1789) was a 10-gun sloop launched and purchased in 1789. She was commanded by Captain George Vancouver on his voyage of exploration from 1791 to 1795. She was converted to a bomb vessel in 1799, a convict ship in 1818 and was broken up in 1834.
HMS Discovery (1800) was a survey vessel in service in 1800 and sold in 1828.
HMS Discovery was to have been a wood screw gunvessel. She was ordered in 1861 but was cancelled in 1863.
HMS Discovery (1874) was a wood screw storeship, formerly the civilian Bloodhound, purchased in 1874. She was commanded by Captain George Nares during the British Arctic Expedition between 1875 and 1876. She was sold in 1902.
HMS Discovery was a purpose-built survey ship launched in 1901. She was commanded by Captain Robert Falcon Scott during the Discovery Expedition to the Antarctic in 1901, and was sold in 1905. She was re-designated RRS (Royal Research Ship) Discovery in 1923, repurchased in 1929 as a training ship, and was handed over for preserving as a museum ship in 1979.
HMCS Discovery, the Vancouver stone frigate of the Royal Canadian Navy reserve, established as a volunteer half-company of the Royal Canadian Naval Volunteer Reserve in 1924 and commissioned as Discovery in 1941.Krakatoa
Krakatoa, or Krakatau (Indonesian: Krakatau), is a caldera in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra in the Indonesian province of Lampung. The name is also used for the surrounding volcanic island group (Krakatoa Archipelago) comprising four islands: two of which, Lang and Verlaten, are remnants of a previous volcanic edifice destroyed in eruptions long before the famous 1883 eruption; another, Rakata, is the remnant of a much larger island destroyed in the 1883 eruption.
In 1927, a fourth island, Anak Krakatau, or "Child of Krakatoa", emerged from the caldera formed in 1883. There has been new eruptive activity since the late 20th century, with a large collapse causing a deadly tsunami in December 2018.Space Shuttle Discovery
Space Shuttle Discovery (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-103) is one of the orbiters from NASA's Space Shuttle program and the third of five fully operational orbiters to be built. Its first mission, STS-41-D, flew from August 30 to September 5, 1984. Over 27 years of service it launched and landed 39 times, gathering more spaceflights than any other spacecraft to date. The shuttle has three main components: the orbiter, a central fuel tank, and two rocket boosters. Nearly 25,000 heat resistant tiles cover the orbiter to protect it from high temperatures on re-entry.Discovery became the third operational orbiter to enter service, preceded by Columbia and Challenger. It embarked on its last mission, STS-133, on February 24, 2011 and touched down for the final time at Kennedy Space Center on March 9, having spent a cumulative total of almost a full year in space. Discovery performed both research and International Space Station (ISS) assembly missions. It also carried the Hubble Space Telescope into orbit. Discovery was the first operational shuttle to be retired, followed by Endeavour and then Atlantis.