HMS Defender is the fifth of the Type 45 or Daring-class air-defence destroyers built for the Royal Navy. She is the eighth ship to bear the name. Construction of Defender began in 2006, and she was launched in 2009. The ship completed her first sea trials in October–November 2011, and was commissioned during March 2013.
HMS Defender in 2012
|Builder:||BAE Systems Surface Ships|
|Laid down:||31 July 2006|
|Launched:||21 October 2009|
|Sponsored by:||Lady Massey|
|Commissioned:||21 March 2013|
|Status:||In active service, as of 2017|
|Class and type:||Type 45 Guided missile destroyer|
|Displacement:||8,000 to 8,500 t (8,400 long tons; 9,400 short tons)|
|Length:||152.4 m (500 ft 0 in)|
|Beam:||21.2 m (69 ft 7 in)|
|Draught:||7.4 m (24 ft 3 in)|
|Speed:||In excess of 30 kn (56 km/h; 35 mph)|
|Range:||In excess of 7,000 nautical miles (13,000 km) at 18 kn (33 km/h)|
|Complement:||191 (accommodation for up to 235)|
|Sensors and |
|Electronic warfare |
On 21 October 2011, Defender left Scotstoun shipyard in Glasgow on her maiden voyage exactly two years to the day after she was launched, to conduct her first stage of sea trials. These trials were completed in mid-November. On 9 March 2012, she once again left the Clyde to commence a second round of trials, scheduled to last 28 days in the waters off western Scotland.
The ship left Scotstoun on 21 July 2012 on her delivery voyage and entered Portsmouth at 10:00 on 25 July 2012 where BAE Systems and the Royal Navy conducted a formal handover ceremony. At 14:00 that day she raised her White Ensign for the first time as a Royal Naval vessel under the command of Commander Phil Nash. Defender was commissioned on 21 March 2013. She stopped off at her home on the Clyde for final testing and was open to members of the public on Saturday 30 November 2013 before going into active service.
Defender sailed 700 miles from Portsmouth to the north east of Scotland on 19 December 2013 to meet a Russian task group of six ships including the aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov and escorted them down the east coast of Scotland. The vessels were held back by bad weather and had anchored in the Moray Firth.
The ship sailed on 19 October 2015 for a second deployment to the Middle East region. On 18 November, it was announced Defender would deploy alongside France's Charles de Gaulle carrier battle group, deployed off the coast of Syria as an air defence escort. This was in response to France's activation of article 42.7 of the European Union Treaty.
In June 2016, Defender, in conjunction with Australian and French ships, seized a total haul of 1020 kg of hashish from a fishing dhow south of Oman.
One hundred or so miles west of the largest city of Abidjan lies the fishing port of Sassandra, too small to accommodate 8,500-tonnes of Type 45.
As well as supporting the international effort against the ISIL fundamentalists – the 8,500-tonne warship has also joined the wider security mission in the region.
D36 may refer to :
HMS Defender (D36), a British Royal Navy Type 45 air defence destroyer in service from 2013
HMS Vivacious (D36), a Royal Navy destroyer in service from 1917-1945
D36 road (Croatia), a state road
PRR D36, an American PRR 4-4-0 steam locomotive modeland also :
a number of French départementale roads
ICD-10 code for a benign neoplasm of other and unspecified sitesExeter City F.C.
Exeter City Football Club is a professional association football club based in Exeter, Devon, England. The team play in League Two, the fourth tier of the English football league system. Known as the "Grecians", the origin of their nickname is subject to speculation and debate. The club is owned by the club's supporters through the Exeter City Supporters' Trust. The club contests West Country derby matches with a number of sides, with Plymouth Argyle being their fiercest rivals.
Exeter City was founded in 1904 and began playing on an old field used for fattening pigs, St James Park, where they remain to this day. They joined Division One of the Southern League in 1904. After a tour of South America in 1914 to generate awareness of football in the continent, the club became the first side to play a national team from Brazil. As a result, City and Brazilian side Fluminense are now also partner clubs. Exeter were invited to help create the Football League Third Division in 1920. They were assigned to the Third Division South the next year and won the Third Division South Cup in 1934. They remained in the division until becoming founder members of the Fourth Division in 1958. They were promoted in 1963–64, only to be relegated after two seasons. They were promoted out of the Fourth Division again at the end of the 1976–77 season and managed to stay in the Third Division for seven seasons before being relegated in 1984.
Exeter won their first league title in the 1989–90 season, gaining promotion as Fourth Division champions under the stewardship of Terry Cooper. Relegated in 1994, they lost their Football League status at the end of the 2002–03 season. They spent five seasons in the Conference, and recovered from defeat in the 2007 play-off final to win promotion out of the play-offs the next year. Manager Paul Tisdale built on this success by winning promotion out of League Two in 2008–09 and Exeter survived for three seasons in League One. Returning to League Two in 2012, they have lost in the play-off finals in 2017 and 2018.Guided missile destroyer
A guided-missile destroyer is a destroyer designed to launch guided missiles. Many are also equipped to carry out anti-submarine, anti-air, and anti-surface operations. The NATO standard designation for these vessels is DDG. Nations vary in their use of destroyer D designation in their hull pennant numbering, either prefixing or dropping it altogether. The U.S. Navy has adopted the classification DDG in the American hull classification system.
In addition to the guns, a guided-missile destroyer is usually equipped with two large missile magazines, usually in vertical-launch cells. Some guided-missile destroyers contain powerful radar systems, such as the United States’ Aegis Combat System, and may be adopted for use in an anti-missile or ballistic-missile defense role. This is especially true of navies that no longer operate cruisers, so other vessels must be adopted to fill in the gap.HMS Defender
Eight ships of the Royal Navy have borne the name HMS Defender:
HMS Defender (1797), a 12-gun Courser-class gun-brig launched in 1797 and on the Navy List until 1802.
HMS Defender (1804), a 14-gun Archer-class gun-brig launched in 1804 and wrecked in 1809.
HMS Defender (1809), an 8-gun lugger, previously the French privateer Beau Marseille. She was captured in 1809 by HMS Royalist and sold in 1814.
HMS Defender (1883), a second-class colonial-service torpedo boat built in 1883 for service in New Zealand and abandoned at Lyttelton, New Zealand sometime after 1900. Her remains can be seen at the Torpedo Boat Museum, Magazine Bay, Lyttelton.
HMS Defender (1911), an Acheron-class destroyer, launched in 1911, present at the Battle of Jutland and sold in 1921.
HMS Defender (H07), a D-class destroyer launched in 1932 and sunk in 1941.
HMS Defender (D114), a Daring-class destroyer launched in 1950 and broken up in 1972.
HMS Defender (D36), a Type 45 destroyer launched on 21 October 2009.The name was also used between 1941(?) and 1945 for a small shore establishment just outside Liverpool.HMS Edinburgh (D97)
HMS Edinburgh was a Type 42 (Batch 3) destroyer of the Royal Navy. Edinburgh was built by Cammell Laird of Birkenhead. She was launched on 14 April 1983 and commissioned on 17 December 1985. The largest of the Type 42 destroyers, Edinburgh was known as the "Fortress of the Sea". Edinburgh was the last of the Type 42 destroyer to serve in the Royal Navy and was decommissioned on 6 June 2013.List of active Royal Navy ships
The Royal Navy is the principal naval warfare service branch of the British Armed Forces. As of November 2018, there are 74 commissioned ships in the Royal Navy. Of the commissioned vessels, twenty two are major surface combatants (six guided missile destroyers, thirteen frigates, two Landing Platform Docks and one aircraft carrier), and ten are nuclear-powered submarines (four ballistic missile submarines and six fleet submarines). In addition the Navy possesses two amphibious transport docks, thirteen mine countermeasures vessels, twenty-two patrol vessels, four survey vessels, one icebreaker and two historic warships, Victory and Bristol, although Bristol is not commissioned so is not in the ship count.
The Royal Navy operates three bases where commissioned ships are based; HMNB Portsmouth, HMNB Devonport and HMNB Clyde. In addition, a number of commissioned vessels belonging to the University Royal Naval Units (URNU) are stationed at various locations around the United Kingdom. The total displacement of the Royal Navy is approximately 407,000 tonnes (641,000 tonnes including the Royal Fleet Auxiliary and Royal Marines).
Besides the Royal Navy, the Royal Fleet Auxiliary and the Royal Marines operate their own flotillas of naval vessels which complement the assets of the Royal Navy, however they are not included in this list or the above figures. In addition, the naval training vessels Brecon and Cromer can be found based at the Royal Navy shore establishment HMS Raleigh and the Britannia Royal Naval College, respectively, along with a number of P1000's and Motor Whalers. As a supporting contingent of Her Majesty's Naval Service, the civilian Marine Services operate a large number of auxiliary ships (including coastal logistics, tugs and research vessels) in support of Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary operations.All ships and submarines currently in commission with the Royal Navy were built in the United Kingdom, with the exceptions of icebreaker Protector which was built in Norway and survey vessel Magpie which was substantially built in Ireland. All vessels of the Royal Navy bear the ship prefix "HMS", for Her Majesty's Ship.Operation Shader
Operation Shader is the operational code name given to the contribution of the United Kingdom in the ongoing military intervention against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The operation began in Iraq on 26 September 2014, following a formal request for assistance by the Iraqi government. Prior to this, the Royal Air Force had been engaged in a humanitarian relief effort over Mount Sinjar since 8 August 2014, which involved multiple aid airdrops by transport aircraft and the airlifting of displaced refugees. By 21 October 2014, the intervention had extended onto Syria with the Royal Air Force only mandated to conduct surveillance flights over the country. On 2 December 2015, the House of Commons approved British airstrikes against ISIL in Syria. The UK is one of 79 countries in the Combined Joint Task Force that is directly fighting ISIL in the Iraqi Civil War and the Syrian Civil War.The main bulk of the Operation includes airstrikes carried out by Reaper, Typhoon and Tornado aircraft armed with Paveway IV guided bombs, Brimstone missiles and Hellfire missiles, all of which are based at the Royal Air Force's overseas stations at RAF Akrotiri in Cyprus and Al Udeid Air Base in Qatar. The Tornado was retired from the RAF in March 2019 and replaced with the new advanced F-35 aircraft which launched its first operational flight on 16 June 2019. From the start of the operation in September 2014 to January 2019, the Ministry of Defence claimed that 1,700 British airstrikes had killed or injured 4,315 enemy fighters in Iraq and Syria with 3,229 of those killed or injured being in Iraq whilst 1,086 were in Syria. They also claimed that only one civilian was killed during this same period. The operation also includes up to 1,400 British Army personnel providing vital skills training to the security forces in Iraq, Royal Navy destroyers providing protection to US aircraft carriers bombing ISIL in the Mediterranean Sea and the Royal Air Force conducting humanitarian relief and reconnaissance efforts and also providing £230 million worth of humanitarian aid.The operation has resulted in a net cost of £1.75 billion. MQ-9 Reaper drones have proven by far the most precise and cost-effective asset. Per RAF official figures, Reapers were responsible for 32% of enemy fighter deaths, Typhoons 38%, and Tornados 30%, but the Reapers incurred net flight costs of only £62.923 million, as opposed to £996.96 million for the Typhoons and £430.815 million for the Tornados.