HMS Daring (D32)

HMS Daring is the lead ship of the Type 45 or Daring-class air-defence destroyers built for the Royal Navy, and the seventh ship to hold that name. She was launched in 2006 on the Clyde and conducted contractor's sea trials during 2007 and 2008. She was handed over to the Royal Navy in December 2008, entered her base port of Portsmouth for the first time in January 2009 and was formally commissioned on 23 July 2009. As the lead ship of the first destroyer class built for the Royal Navy since the Type 42 in the 1970s, she has attracted significant media and public attention. Her name, crest and motto are a reference to the Roman youth Gaius Mucius Scaevola, famed for his bravery.[18]

HMS Daring in 2012
HMS Daring in 2012
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Daring
Ordered: December 2000
Builder: BAE Systems Naval Ships
Yard number: 1061[1]
Laid down: 28 March 2003
Launched: 1 February 2006
Sponsored by: The Countess of Wessex
Commissioned: 23 July 2009[2]
Homeport: HMNB Portsmouth
Identification:
Motto:
  • Splendide audax
  • ("Finely Daring")
Status: Laid up pending refit since 2017
Badge:
  • On a Field Black, an arm and a hand in a cresset of fire all Proper
  • Daring Crest
General characteristics
Class and type: Type 45 Guided missile destroyer
Displacement: 8,500[5] to 9,200 t (9,100 long tons; 10,100 short tons)[6][7][8]
Length: 152.4 m (500 ft 0 in)
Beam: 21.2 m (69 ft 7 in)
Draught: 7.4 m (24 ft 3 in)
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Speed: In excess of 30 kn (56 km/h; 35 mph)[10]
Range: In excess of 7,000 nautical miles (13,000 km) at 18 kn (33 km/h)[10]
Complement: 191[11] (accommodation for up to 235)
Sensors and
processing systems:
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Armament:
Aircraft carried:
  • 1–2 × Lynx Wildcat, armed with:
    • 4 × anti ship missiles, or
    • 2 × anti submarine torpedoes
  • or
  • 1 × Westland Merlin,[17] armed with:
    • 4 × anti-submarine torpedoes
Aviation facilities:
  • Large flight deck
  • Enclosed hangar

Construction

Daring's construction began at the BAE Systems Naval Ships yard (now BAE Systems Surface Ships) at Scotstoun on the River Clyde in March 2003.[19] The ship was launched at 14.21 GMT on 1 February 2006. The Countess of Wessex was the ship's sponsor at her launch.[20] On 16 November 2006, the Countess of Wessex brought Daring to life on her first official visit. On 17 November 2006, the countess switched on the ship's diesel generators, part of the 'powering up' ceremony.[21]

Sea trials

On 18 July 2007 Daring sailed on the first set of sea trials (Stage 1.1),[22] successfully completing them four weeks later on 14 August 2007.[23] As she is the first in the class some structural areas needed to be tested, including the loads that the main 4.5 inch Mark 8 naval gun puts on the ship.[24] During these trials, Daring reached her design speed of 29 knots (54 km/h) in 70 seconds and achieved a speed of 31.5 knots (58 km/h) in 120 seconds.[25] She sailed for Stage 1.2 on 30 March 2008 and returned on 2 May. Stage 1.2 included trials on the Long Range Radar and navigation system, medium calibre gun blast trials, weapon alignment tests and endurance tests.[26] Stage 1.3 trials were conducted between 26 August[27] and 22 September 2008[28] and emphasis was placed on testing the full range of communications equipment. The ship's company used the opportunity to conduct familiarisation and training activities in preparation for the transfer of the vessel to the Royal Navy in December 2008.[29] Stage 2 trials took place in 2009, once the ship had been handed over to the Royal Navy.[30][31] HMS Daring arrived in her home port of Portsmouth on 28 January 2009[32] to large crowds along the seafront.[33] She was given the honour of a flypast to coincide with her passing of the Round Tower, just outside Portsmouth.[34]

Operational service

HMS DARING sails in British Gibraltar territorial waters MOD 45160525
Visiting Gibraltar in 2016

Daring was formally commissioned on 23 July 2009 with The Countess of Wessex inspecting an honour guard on the quayside, and reception. The commissioning cake was cut by the wife of the commanding officer and Able Seaman Daniel Small, who was the youngest member of the ship's company.[2] Daring was declared officially "in service" one year later, on 31 July 2010.[35]

Daring fired her first Sea Viper missile in May 2011 during a test launch in the Outer Hebrides, after years of trials.[36] During the same year she was equipped with two Phalanx CIWS mounted on either side of the superstructure.[37]

On 6 January 2012, the Royal Navy announced that Daring would leave Portsmouth on 11 January 2012 to undertake her first mission, a deployment to the Persian Gulf. Daring travelled through the Suez Canal on 2 February 2012, then continued on to the Persian Gulf, relieving the Type 23 frigate HMS Argyll that was on station there.[38][39] In February 2012, as part of the Persian Gulf deployment, Daring joined Operation Scimitar Anzac, an anti-piracy operation in the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. This international operation included the Royal Fleet Auxiliary RFA Wave Knight, the Royal Australian Navy frigate HMAS Parramatta, and the Pakistan Navy's PNS Babur. Daring acted as the command ship for all the vessels.[40] During operation in the Persian Gulf and North Arabian Sea, Daring operated with the U.S. Navy's Carrier Strike Group One and Carrier Strike Group Nine.[41]

In September 2013, Daring transited the Panama Canal on deployment to the Pacific Ocean. She made port visits to the US Naval Base San Diego,[42] Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam,[43] and the Marshall Islands.[44] While in the Pacific, Daring took part in the Royal Australian Navy's International Fleet Review 2013 at Sydney, Australia and also participated in the 2013 Five Power Defence Arrangements exercise, Bersama Lima.[45] During Bersama Lima, Daring was urgently dispatched to the Philippines as part of the British government's humanitarian response to Typhoon Haiyan.[46] Before her return to the United Kingdom, Daring made port visits in Japan,[47] South Korea, China, Vietnam,[48] Thailand and Malaysia.[49]

On 4 July 2016, Daring fired an Aster 30 off the coast of Scotland.[50]

In September 2016 Daring deployed to the Persian Gulf to assist in Operation Inherent Resolve.[51] In April 2017, after being relieved East of Suez by Monmouth, Daring transited the Bosphorus for exercises in the Black Sea with the Romanian Navy.[52]

As of July 2019, Daring has been laid up since 2017, pending a refit.[53]

Commanding officers

  • 2008-2009: Captain Paul Bennett RN
  • 2009-2011: Captain Paul McAlpine RN
  • 2011-2012: Captain Guy Robinson RN
  • 2012–2014: Commander Angus Essenhigh RN
  • 2014–2017: Commander Philip Dennis RN[54]
  • 2017–present: Commander Marcus Hember

Affiliations

Ship's sponsor

Official affiliations

Other

While not officially affiliated with the football club Aston Villa F.C., the ship has close ties with the team. The chairman of the Birmingham-based club, Randy Lerner, donated a painting to the ship that depicts a maritime battle played within Villa Park, the home stadium of the club. Members of the ship's company provided a guard of honour before a game against Middlesbrough F.C. on the Remembrance Sunday weekend.[58]

Notes

  1. ^ The Harpoon missile is to be fitted to four of the six ships. HMS Duncan is to be the first.[16]

References

  1. ^ "6132473". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 21 June 2009.
  2. ^ a b "Commissioning Day for the Royal Navy's most powerful ship". Royal Navy. 23 July 2009. Retrieved 23 July 2009.
  3. ^ "Royal Navy Bridge Card" (PDF). Royal Navy. 27 February 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 July 2009. Retrieved 20 June 2009.
  4. ^ "Ship Index". World Shipping Register. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 12 July 2009.
  5. ^ "Type 45 Destroyer". Royal Navy. Retrieved 6 November 2011.
  6. ^ "HMS Daring leaves Sydney after spectacular week of celebrations". Royal Navy. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
  7. ^ "For Queen and Country". Navy News. July 2012. p. 8. One hundred or so miles west of the largest city of Abidjan lies the fishing port of Sassandra, too small to accommodate 8,500-tonnes of Type 45.
  8. ^ "HMS Duncan joins US Carrier on strike operations against ISIL". Navy News. Royal Navy. 7 July 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2015. As well as supporting the international effort against the ISIL fundamentalists – the 8,500-tonne warship has also joined the wider security mission in the region.
  9. ^ "HMS Daring". Wärtsilä. Archived from the original on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2011.
  10. ^ a b "HMS Daring - Type 45 facts". Royal Navy. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  11. ^ Aquilina, Pauline J.; Michell, Simon, eds. (24 April 2013). "Royal Navy Fleet Guide". A Global Force 2012/13 (PDF). Newsdesk Media. p. 2. ISBN 978-1-906940-75-1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 December 2014.
  12. ^ "Raytheon Systems Ltd awarded further contract for Integrated Navigation System shipsets for the Type 45" (PDF). Raytheon. 8 March 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 March 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  13. ^ "Ultra Electronics Series 2500 electro-optic tracking and fire-control system (United Kingdom)". Jane's Electro-Optic Systems. 28 October 2010. Archived from the original on 3 May 2012. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
  14. ^ "Fleet to get the latest in electronic surveillance" (PDF). DESider. Ministry of Defence. September 2012. p. 18. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 September 2012.
  15. ^ Scott, Richard (29 June 2014). "UK to buy Shaman CESM for Seaseeker SIGINT programme". IHS Jane's 360. Archived from the original on 7 July 2014.
  16. ^ "HMS Duncan (D37)". Royal Navy.
  17. ^ "Air Defence Destroyer (T45)". Royal Navy. Archived from the original on 31 October 2007. Retrieved 20 November 2007.
  18. ^ "HMS Daring (D32)". Royal Navy. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
  19. ^ "HMS Daring". Clyde-built Ship Database. Archived from the original on 1 February 2009. Retrieved 31 January 2009.
  20. ^ "Thousands cheer on warship launch". BBC News. 1 February 2006. Retrieved 19 July 2007.
  21. ^ "Countess of Wessex brings HMS Daring to life". Royal Navy. Archived from the original on 29 June 2007. Retrieved 19 July 2007.
  22. ^ "HMS Daring sets sail for trials". BBC News. 18 July 2007. Retrieved 19 July 2007.
  23. ^ "New destroyer boosts Navy". Royal Navy. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 14 August 2007.
  24. ^ "Navys latest destroyer takes to the High Seas". Royal Navy. 19 July 2007. Archived from the original on 9 August 2007. Retrieved 24 July 2007.
  25. ^ MacDermid, Alan (15 August 2007). "Daring is mean, green and built for speed". The Herald. Archived from the original on 3 February 2009. Retrieved 15 August 2007.
  26. ^ "Destroyer HMS Daring, Second Stage Sea Trials". TechNEWS. 5 April 2008. Archived from the original on 9 January 2009. Retrieved 2 May 2008.
  27. ^ Bancroft, Al (8 September 2008). "Daring's Final Trials". Jackspeak Blog. Archived from the original on 13 October 2008. Retrieved 26 September 2008.
  28. ^ "Defence Diary: 22 September 2008". Defence News. Ministry of Defence. Archived from the original on 13 October 2008. Retrieved 26 September 2008.
  29. ^ "Daring Ready To Take To The Waves". Defence News. Ministry of Defence. 26 September 2008. Archived from the original on 2 October 2008. Retrieved 26 September 2008.
  30. ^ "Gearing Up for T45s Arrival". Fleet Support Limited. 24 September 2007. Archived from the original on 2 February 2009. Retrieved 2 May 2008.
  31. ^ "Daring handed to MoD". Defence News. Ministry of Defence. 10 December 2008. Archived from the original on 11 December 2008.
  32. ^ "HMS Daring makes home port debut". BBC News. 28 January 2009. Retrieved 28 January 2009.
  33. ^ "HMS Daring Live Blog". The News. Portsmouth. Retrieved 26 January 2009.
  34. ^ "The dawn of Daring". The News. Portsmouth. 26 January 2009. Retrieved 26 January 2009.
  35. ^ "HMS Daring Sails Into Service". Royal Navy. 31 July 2010. Retrieved 23 September 2010.
  36. ^ "Daring finally shows her bite". Navy News. 17 May 2011. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 18 May 2011.
  37. ^ "Babcock to Test Phalanx 1B CIWS on HMS Daring". Naval Technology.com. 23 June 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  38. ^ Harding, Thomas (6 January 2012). "Royal Navy sends its mightiest ship to take on the Iranian show of force in the Gulf". The Daily Telegraph. London, UK. Retrieved 6 January 2012.
  39. ^ "Daring makes iconic passage of Suez to begin her deployment in earnest". Navy News. 2 February 2012. Archived from the original on 7 March 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  40. ^ "Daring sweeps troubled waters on her first major operation". Navy News. 27 February 2012. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  41. ^ "Daring enjoys 'truly amazing' experience working with American carriers". Royal Navy. 20 March 2012. Archived from the original on 7 August 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  42. ^ "HMS Daring goes on global deployment". Royal Navy. 28 May 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  43. ^ Galante, Alexandre (10 July 2013). "HMS Daring visita Pearl Harbor". Poder Naval (in Portuguese). Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  44. ^ "Daring Down Under as destroyer arrives in Australia for first time". Navy News. 24 September 2013. Archived from the original on 7 August 2016. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  45. ^ "Daring arrives in Singapore ahead of five nations exercise". Royal Navy. 31 October 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  46. ^ "UK to send ship to help Philippines, David Cameron announces". BBC News. 11 November 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  47. ^ "HMS Daring visits Japan". Gov.uk. 26 November 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  48. ^ "HMS Daring visits Vietnam". Royal Navy. 19 December 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  49. ^ "HMS Daring pays a visit to Thailand". Royal Navy. 10 January 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  50. ^ "Missile success is the icing on the cake for Daring's 10th birthday". Royal Navy. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  51. ^ "UK sends destroyer to fight ISIS in Persian Gulf, despite its previous warm water failures". RT. 29 August 2016. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  52. ^ "HMS Daring trains with Romanian allies as Black Sea visit continues". Royal Navy. 27 April 2017. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
  53. ^ https://twitter.com/NavyLookout/status/1152873506968940549
  54. ^ "Hump day for HMS Daring's outgoing skipper as he receives Middle East send-off". Navy News. Royal Navy. 12 January 2017. Archived from the original on 17 January 2017. Cdr Phil Dennis rides off into the, er, mid-day heat, bringing to an end his tenure in command of HMS Daring [...] The ship's company and team at ASRY – the Arab Shipbuilding and Repair Yard – where the work was carried out on the Portsmouth-based warship, decided a send-off with a desert theme would be just the ticket for Cdr Dennis, who took the helm of Daring in May 2014.
  55. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "HMS Daring - Affiliations". Royal Navy. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  56. ^ "Military links". Carpenter's Company. Archived from the original on 25 February 2009. Retrieved 31 January 2009.
  57. ^ "Affiliation with the Royal Navy's new Destroyer Class". Daring.org.uk. Archived from the original on 7 December 2003. Retrieved 28 February 2008.
  58. ^ Richards, Andy (29 January 2009). "Villa chairman Randy Lerner is number one fan of HMS Daring". Birmingham Mail. Retrieved 29 January 2009.

External links

Carrier Strike Group 12

Carrier Strike Group Twelve (CSG-12 or CARSTRKGRU 12) is one of four U.S. Navy carrier strike groups currently assigned to the United States Fleet Forces Command. Carrier strike groups gain and maintain sea control as well as project naval airpower ashore.USS Abraham Lincoln is the aircraft carrier assigned as the strike group's flagship. Units currently assigned to Carrier Strike Group Twelve included Carrier Air Wing One; the Ticonderoga-class cruisers Vicksburg and Normandy; and Destroyer Squadron 2.

Between 2006 and 2011, with USS Enterprise as its flagship, the group made four deployments to the U.S. Fifth Fleet in the Middle East. Strike group aircraft flew over 13,000 air combat missions in support of coalition ground forces in Iraq and Afghanistan, including 2006's Operation Medusa and Operation Mountain Fury in Iraq. The group's surface warships were also involved in several high-profile anti-piracy operations. The group participated in the multilateral exercises Anatolian Sun 2006, Reliant Mermaid 2007, BALTOPS 2008, and Malabar 2015; the bilateral exercise Inspired Union 2006; and the joint exercise Exercise Bold Alligator 2012.

The 2015 deployment was led by its new flagship, USS Theodore Roosevelt, which has since left the group and shifted homeport to Naval Base San Diego, California. Carrier Strike Group Twelve was the first U.S. Navy carrier strike group to deploy with a Naval Integrated Fire Control-Counter Air (NIFC-CA) capability that integrates all units via a data link to gain a more comprehensive overview of its operational battlespace. To augment this NIFC-CA capability, the strike group embarked the new E-2D airborne early warning (AEW) aircraft, making its first overseas deployment.

Carrier Strike Group 3

Carrier Strike Group 3 (CSG-3 or CARSTRKGRU 3) is a U.S. Navy carrier strike group. Carrier strike groups gain and maintain sea control as well as project naval airpower ashore. The aircraft carrier USS John C. Stennis (CVN-74) is the group's current flagship. Other units assigned include Carrier Air Wing Nine; the Ticonderoga-class cruisers USS Mobile Bay (CG-53) and USS Antietam (CG-54); and the ships of Destroyer Squadron 21.Between 2005 and 2013, the group made five deployments to the U.S. Fifth Fleet supporting U.S. ground forces in Iraq, and Afghanistan. On 18 December 2011, strike group aircraft flew the final carrier-based air mission over Iraq, effectively ending U.S. naval support for Operation New Dawn.

Carrier Strike Group 9

Carrier Strike Group 9 (CSG-9 or CARSTRKGRU 9) is a U.S. Navy carrier strike group. Carrier strike groups gain and maintain sea control as well as project naval airpower ashore.It is currently assigned to the U.S. Pacific Fleet. The aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt (CVN-71) is the group's current flagship. Other group units include Carrier Air Wing Seventeen, the Ticonderoga-class cruisers USS Bunker Hill (CG-52) and USS Cape St. George (CG-71), and Destroyer Squadron 23.The strike group traces its history to Cruiser-Destroyer Group 3, created on 30 June 1973 by the re-designation of Cruiser Destroyer Flotilla 11. From 2004 the strike group has made multiple Middle East deployments providing air forces over Afghanistan and Iraq, as well as conducting Maritime Security Operations. The strike group received the Humanitarian Service Medal in recognition of its disaster relief efforts in Indonesia during Operation Unified Assistance in 2004–05.

D32

D32 or D-32 may refer to :

D-32 (Michigan county highway)

HMS Camperdown (D32), a 1944 British Royal Navy Battle-class destroyer

HMS Chaser (D32), a 1943 British Royal Navy Bogue-class escort aircraft carrier

HMS Daring (D32), a 2006 British Royal Navy D Class of air defence destroyer

PRR D32, an American PRR 4-4-0 steam locomotive model

Santa Catarina (D32), a 1968 Brazilian Navy Fletcher-class destroyer

D32 road (Croatia), a state roadand also:

D-32 General Austria, a Venezuelan Navy Almirante Clemente class destroyer

the ICD-10 code for a benign neoplasm of meninges

the Tarrasch Defense chess code

Guided missile destroyer

A guided-missile destroyer is a destroyer designed to launch guided missiles. Many are also equipped to carry out anti-submarine, anti-air, and anti-surface operations. The NATO standard designation for these vessels is DDG. Nations vary in their use of destroyer D designation in their hull pennant numbering, either prefixing or dropping it altogether. The U.S. Navy has adopted the classification DDG in the American hull classification system.

In addition to the guns, a guided-missile destroyer is usually equipped with two large missile magazines, usually in vertical-launch cells. Some guided-missile destroyers contain powerful radar systems, such as the United States’ Aegis Combat System, and may be adopted for use in an anti-missile or ballistic-missile defense role. This is especially true of navies that no longer operate cruisers, so other vessels must be adopted to fill in the gap.

HMS Daring

Seven vessels of the British Royal Navy have been named HMS Daring.

HMS Daring (1804), a 12-gun Archer-class gun-brig launched in 1804 and destroyed after running aground in 1813.

HMS Daring (1844), a 12-gun brig launched in 1844 and broken up in 1864.

HMS Daring (1874), a Fantome-class 4-gun composite sloop launched in 1874 and broken up in 1889.

HMS Daring (1893), a Daring-class destroyer launched in 1893 and broken up in 1912.

HMS Daring, an Laforey-class destroyer, renamed Lance in 1913, a year before launch.

HMS Daring, a planned Danae-class cruiser ordered in March 1918, but cancelled in November the same year

HMS Daring (H16), a D-class destroyer launched in 1932 and sunk in 1940.

HMS Daring (D05), a Daring-class destroyer launched in 1949 and broken up in 1971.

HMS Daring (D32), a Type 45 destroyer launched on 1 February 2006.

Joint Expeditionary Force (Maritime)

Joint Expeditionary Force (Maritime) (or JEF (M)) (formerly Response Force Task Group (RFTG)), is the Royal Navy's expeditionary task force maintained at high-readiness and available at short notice to respond to unexpected global events. In addition to the Royal Navy and the Royal Marines, the RFTG also includes elements of the British Army and the Royal Air Force. While it is primarily poised to conduct war-fighting or amphibious operations, the JEF (M) is capable of undertaking a diverse range of activities such as evacuation operations, disaster relief or humanitarian aid.The JEF (M) (formerly RFTG) was established under the 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review. Since its establishment, the JEF (M) has seen six successive years of deployments to the Mediterranean Sea and East of Suez to the Persian Gulf and the Indian Ocean. The JEF (M) also deployed on operations during the 2011 Libyan Civil War and provided humanitarian aid during Typhoon Haiyan in 2013.

The RFTG is now known as the Joint Expeditionary Force (Maritime) (JEF (M)).

List of active Royal Navy ships

The Royal Navy is the principal naval warfare service branch of the British Armed Forces. As of November 2018, there are 74 commissioned ships in the Royal Navy. Of the commissioned vessels, twenty two are major surface combatants (six guided missile destroyers, thirteen frigates, two Landing Platform Docks and one aircraft carrier), and ten are nuclear-powered submarines (four ballistic missile submarines and six fleet submarines). In addition the Navy possesses two amphibious transport docks, thirteen mine countermeasures vessels, twenty-two patrol vessels, four survey vessels, one icebreaker and two historic warships, Victory and Bristol, although Bristol is not commissioned so is not in the ship count.

The Royal Navy operates three bases where commissioned ships are based; HMNB Portsmouth, HMNB Devonport and HMNB Clyde. In addition, a number of commissioned vessels belonging to the University Royal Naval Units (URNU) are stationed at various locations around the United Kingdom. The total displacement of the Royal Navy is approximately 407,000 tonnes (641,000 tonnes including the Royal Fleet Auxiliary and Royal Marines).

Besides the Royal Navy, the Royal Fleet Auxiliary and the Royal Marines operate their own flotillas of naval vessels which complement the assets of the Royal Navy, however they are not included in this list or the above figures. In addition, the naval training vessels Brecon and Cromer can be found based at the Royal Navy shore establishment HMS Raleigh and the Britannia Royal Naval College, respectively, along with a number of P1000's and Motor Whalers. As a supporting contingent of Her Majesty's Naval Service, the civilian Marine Services operate a large number of auxiliary ships (including coastal logistics, tugs and research vessels) in support of Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary operations.All ships and submarines currently in commission with the Royal Navy were built in the United Kingdom, with the exceptions of icebreaker Protector which was built in Norway and survey vessel Magpie which was substantially built in Ireland. All vessels of the Royal Navy bear the ship prefix "HMS", for Her Majesty's Ship.

Royal Navy

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force. Although warships were used by the English kings from the early medieval period, the first major maritime engagements were fought in the Hundred Years' War against the Kingdom of France. The modern Royal Navy traces its origins to the early 16th century; the oldest of the UK's armed services, it is known as the Senior Service.

From the middle decades of the 17th century, and through the 18th century, the Royal Navy vied with the Dutch Navy and later with the French Navy for maritime supremacy. From the mid 18th century, it was the world's most powerful navy until surpassed by the United States Navy during the Second World War. The Royal Navy played a key part in establishing the British Empire as the unmatched world power during the 19th and first part of the 20th centuries. Due to this historical prominence, it is common, even among non-Britons, to refer to it as "the Royal Navy" without qualification.

Following World War I, the Royal Navy was significantly reduced in size, although at the onset of World War II it was still the world's largest. By the end of the war, however, the United States Navy had emerged as the world's largest. During the Cold War, the Royal Navy transformed into a primarily anti-submarine force, hunting for Soviet submarines and mostly active in the GIUK gap. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, its focus has returned to expeditionary operations around the world and remains one of the world's foremost blue-water navies. However, 21st century reductions in naval spending have led to a personnel shortage and a reduction in the number of warships.The Royal Navy maintains a fleet of technologically sophisticated ships and submarines including one aircraft carrier, two amphibious transport docks, four ballistic missile submarines (which maintain the UK's nuclear deterrent), six nuclear fleet submarines, six guided missile destroyers, 13 frigates, 13 mine-countermeasure vessels and 22 patrol vessels. As of November 2018, there are 75 commissioned ships (including submarines) in the Royal Navy, plus 13 ships of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA); there are also five Merchant Navy ships available to the RFA under a private finance initiative. The RFA replenishes Royal Navy warships at sea, and augments the Royal Navy's amphibious warfare capabilities through its three Bay-class landing ship vessels. It also works as a force multiplier for the Royal Navy, often doing patrols that frigates used to do. The total displacement of the Royal Navy is approximately 408,750 tonnes (743,759 tonnes including the Royal Fleet Auxiliary and Royal Marines).

The Royal Navy is part of Her Majesty's Naval Service, which also includes the Royal Marines. The professional head of the Naval Service is the First Sea Lord who is an admiral and member of the Defence Council of the United Kingdom. The Defence Council delegates management of the Naval Service to the Admiralty Board, chaired by the Secretary of State for Defence. The Royal Navy operates three bases in the United Kingdom where commissioned ships are based; Portsmouth, Clyde and Devonport, the last being the largest operational naval base in Western Europe.

SD Bustler

SD Bustler was a Twin Tractor Unit Tug operated by Serco Marine Services in support of the United Kingdoms Naval Service. The ship was formerly operated by the Royal Maritime Auxiliary Service until its disbandment in March 2008.

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