HMAS Penguin is a Royal Australian Navy (RAN) base located at Balmoral on the lower north shore of Sydney Harbour in the suburb of Mosman, New South Wales. Penguin is one of the RAN's primary training establishments, with a responsibility for providing trained specialists for all areas of the navy. The current commander of Penguin is Commander Mathew Bradley, RAN.
|Part of Fleet Base East|
|Balmoral, Sydney, New South Wales in Australia|
The sign at the front of HMAS Penguin
|Area||14.2 hectares (35 acres)|
|Owner||Department of Defence|
|Operator|| Royal Australian Navy (1942 – 1957)|
Royal Australian Navy (1957 – present)
|Built||14 July 1942|
|Commander Bernadette Alexander , RAN|
Penguin was initially established as the Balmoral Naval Depot and was also known as Penguin II in 1941 as a depot for the RAN's main naval base at Garden Island (on Sydney Harbour). In addition to accommodation for 700 personnel, as well as all the necessary administrative facilities, the Balmoral Naval Hospital was built on the site. Penguin II was commissioned in July 1942, and was renamed as simply HMAS Penguin in January 1943, when the Garden Island facility was renamed HMAS Kuttabul. In addition to its role as a depot, Penguin served as a base for the motor launches responsible for patrolling Sydney Harbour.
After the end of World War II, Penguin began its service as a training establishment. The RAN Seamanship School was located at Penguin from 1945 to 1974, while from 1951 to 1954 it was the Navy's National Service Recruit School. Penguin has also played host to the RAN Staff College and the Security and Naval Police Coxswains School. In addition, a number of operational units of the RAN have been based at Penguin, including Clearance Diving Teams One and Two, and the Royal Navy's Fourth Submarine Squadron.
In addition, Penguin was also home to the navy's principal medical facility, Balmoral Naval Hospital, which provided some of the trained personnel for the Primary Casualty Receiving Facilities [PCRF] on the RAN's Kanimbla class vessels. Balmoral Naval Hospital closed 13 March 2008 for refurbishment. The Navy's hospital care will be provided through a contract with St Vincent's Hospital, located in Darlinghurst. As well as this, Penguin is the home of the Submarine and Underwater Medicine Unit (SUMU), the RAN Recompression Chamber Facility (RCCF), Maritime Operational Health Unit (MOHU), the ADF Centre for Mental Health and the Penguin Health Centre. In 2006, Penguin received as lodger units both Headquarters and 1st Commando Company (1Coy) of the 1st Commando Regiment.
Three ships and two shore installations of the Royal Australian Navy have been named HMAS Penguin after the aquatic, flightless bird:
HMAS Penguin (1913), a composite sloop originally commissioned by the Royal Navy, before being transferred to the RAN in 1913 as a depot ship
HMAS Penguin, a second-class protected cruiser, HMAS Encounter, that was renamed Penguin in 1923 when it was converted to accommodations
HMAS Penguin, a submarine depot ship HMS Platypus built for the Royal Navy before transferring to the RAN as HMAS Platypus in 1919 and renamed Penguin in 1929. The ship was renamed Platypus in 1941.
HMAS Penguin, the Royal Australian Navy's primary naval base on the east coast of Australia, located on Garden Island in Sydney, was known as HMAS Penguin until it was renamed HMAS Kuttabul in January 1943.
HMAS Penguin (naval base), one of the RAN's major training establishments, located in Balmoral, New South Wales.Three other bases were established as subordinate to the Garden Island base. These were also given the name HMAS Penguin, but with a Roman numeral suffix added:
HMAS Penguin II, naval base at Balmoral, New South Wales, until renamed HMAS Penguin in January 1943
HMAS Penguin III, a Naval depot in Newcastle, which was subsequently commissioned as HMAS Maitland on 1 August 1940
HMAS Penguin IV, a Naval depot in Darwin which was commissioned in September 1939, and subsequently commissioned as HMAS Melville on 1 August 1940List of Freedom of the City recipients (military)
The Freedom of the City, in military terms, is an honour conferred by a city council upon a military unit, which grants that unit the privilege of marching into the city "with drums beating, colours flying, and bayonets fixed". The honour is usually bestowed upon local regiments, in recognition of their dedicated service, and it is common for military units to periodically exercise their freedom by arranging a parade through the city.Terrorism in Australia
Terrorism in Australia deals with terrorist acts in Australia as well as steps taken by Australian governments to counter the threat of terrorism. In 2004 the Australian government has identified transnational terrorism as also a threat to Australia and to Australian citizens overseas. Australia has experienced acts of modern terrorism since the 1960s, while the federal parliament, since the 1970s, has enacted legislation seeking to specifically target terrorism.
Terrorism is defined as "an action or threat of action where the action causes certain defined forms of harm or interference and the action is done or the threat is made with the intention of advancing a political, religious and ideological or group cause".