HMAS Kuttabul (ship)

HMAS Kuttabul, formerly SS Kuttabul, was a Royal Australian Navy depot ship, converted from a Sydney Ferries Limited ferry. During the Japanese midget submarine attack on Sydney Harbour on 31 May 1942, Kuttabul was sunk, with 21 naval personnel aboard.

Naval Depot Ship Kuttabul
Kuttabul after sinking
History
 Australia
Name: Kuttabul
Namesake: Aboriginal word meaning wonderful
Owner: Sydney Ferries Limited
Port of registry: Sydney
Route: Circular Quay-Milsons Point
Builder: Walsh Island Dockyard and Engineering Works, Newcastle
Yard number: 54
In service: 1922
Out of service: 1940
Australia
Name: HMAS Kuttabul
Owner: Royal Australian Navy
Acquired: 7 November 1940
Commissioned: 26 February 1941
Identification: O/N 150185
Fate: Sunk 1 June 1942
General characteristics
Type: Harbour ferry
Tonnage: 447 GT
Length: 183 ft (56 m)
Beam: 36.9 ft (11.2 m)
Capacity: 2,250

Design and construction

Kuttabul originated as a steam-powered ferry, built in 1922 by the Walsh Island Dockyard and Engineering Works in Newcastle for Sydney Ferries Limited. Kuttabul was rated at 448 gross and 201 net tonnes (1269 and 569 m³), was 183 feet (56 m) long, with a beam of 36 feet (11 m), and capable of seating approximately 2,250 passengers. Kuttabul and identical sister ship Koompartoo were the largest ferries ever operated on the inner harbour ferry routes, though Kuttabul had a larger passenger capacity (2,250) than Koompartoo (2,089). Both ferries were of steel construction with a wooden superstructure.[1] Both vessels were constructed with 18 watertight compartments, regarded as being unsinkable and therefore were not required to carry life-saving equipment.[2][3]

Operational history

Sydney Ferries

Kuttabul spent most of its life as a double-ended Sydney suburban ferry, carrying passengers across Sydney Harbour, linking the downtown ferry terminal at Circular Quay with various suburban ferry wharves, but especially the heavy route to Milsons Point.[4][3]

Made redundant by the opening of the Sydney Harbour Bridge in 1932, Kuttabul and Koompartoo were laid up, but were later made available for tourist cruises on the harbour.[3][5][6]

Royal Australian Navy and sinking

After the outbreak of World War II, Kuttabul was requisitioned by the Royal Australian Navy on 7 November 1940, and moored at the Garden Island naval base to provide accommodation for Allied naval personnel while they awaited transfer to their ships.[4][5]

On the night of 31 May-1 June 1942, three Ko-hyoteki class midget submarines of the Imperial Japanese Navy entered Sydney Harbour with the intention of attacking Allied warships. According to the official account, only one of the submarines, designated M-24, was able to fire her torpedoes, but both missed their intended target: the heavy cruiser USS Chicago.[5] The torpedoes, fired around 00:30, continued on to Garden Island: one ran aground harmlessly, but the other hit the breakwater against which Kuttabul and the Dutch submarine K-IX were moored.[7][8] An alternate conclusion, fortified by the contemporaneous log of the diver who found M-24 later on the day of the attack, was that Kuttabul had fallen to a five-inch shell from the Chicago.[9]:420[10] In either case, the explosion broke Kuttabul in two and sank her.[5]

The attack killed 19 Royal Australian Navy and two Royal Navy sailors asleep aboard the ferry, and wounded another 10.[11] It took several days for the bodies of the dead sailors to be recovered, with a burial ceremony held on 3 June.[12] One of the ferry's wheelhouses was salvaged and used as a naval police guardhouse at the Garden Island naval base; the base was commissioned on 1 January 1943 as the stone frigate HMAS Kuttabul in commemoration of the ferry and the lives lost.[11] The wheelhouse later came into the possession of the Australian War Memorial, and is on display alongside a composite submarine built from the wreckage of two of the Japanese midget submarines.[13]

See also

Citations

  1. ^ Prescott, Anthony (1984). Sydney Ferry Fleets. Ronald H Parsons. ISBN 0-909418-30-6.
  2. ^ "The Kuttabul. New Ferry Steamer.". The Sydney Morning Herald. August 1922. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
  3. ^ a b c SS Kuttabul Ferries of Sydney
  4. ^ a b HMAS Kuttabul Royal Australian Navy
  5. ^ a b c d Jenkins, Battle Surface, p. 215
  6. ^ Gregory's Street Directory of Sydney & Suburbs, p. 214
  7. ^ Jenkins, Battle Surface, pp. 213–5
  8. ^ Grose, A Very Rude Awakening, p. 139
  9. ^ Dunhunty, Philip (2009). Never a Dull Moment. Philip Dulhunty.
  10. ^ Elliott, Tim (1 April 2010). "A new twist to the midget sub attacks". The Sydney Morning Herald.
  11. ^ a b Elbourne, Wonderful Kuttabul
  12. ^ Carruthers, Japanese Submarine Raiders 1942, p. 151
  13. ^ Grose, A Very Rude Awakening, pp. 253–5

References

  • Carruthers, Steven (2006) [1982]. Japanese Submarine Raiders 1942: A maritime mystery (Revised ed.). Narrabeen: Casper Publications. ISBN 0-9775063-0-4.
  • Elbourne, Sean (Winter 2006). "Wonderful Kuttabul – a long history of service" (PDF). Sea Talk (Winter 2006). Royal Australian Navy. pp. 11–19. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 October 2009. Retrieved 7 September 2008.
  • Gregory's Street Directory of Sydney & Suburbs (1st (reprint) ed.). 2006 [1934].
  • Grose, Peter (2007). A Very Rude Awakening. Crows Nest: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 978-1-74175-219-9.
  • Jenkins, David (1992). Battle Surface! Japan's Submarine War Against Australia 1942–44. Milsons Point: Random House Australia. ISBN 0-09-182638-1.
HMAS Kuttabul

One ship and one shore establishment of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) have been named HMAS Kuttabul.

HMAS Kuttabul (ship), a former harbour ferry acquired during World War II for use as an accommodation ship. Kuttabul was sunk by torpedo during the 1942 Japanese submarine attack on Sydney Harbour.

HMAS Kuttabul (naval base), a naval base at Garden Island, New South Wales which was renamed in 1943 in honour of the accommodation ship, is the primary East Coast base of the RAN.

Kuttabul

Kuttabul may refer to:

HMAS Kuttabul (naval base)

HMAS Kuttabul (ship)

Kuttabul, Queensland

Individual ferries
Ferry classes
Ferry operators
Former ferry operators
Shipwrecks
Other incidents
Shipwrecks and scuttled vessels of New South Wales

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