HMAS Brisbane (DDG 41)

HMAS Brisbane (DDG 41), named after the city of Brisbane, Queensland, is the second ship of the Hobart-class air warfare destroyers used by the Royal Australian Navy (RAN).

HMAS Brisbane in April 2019
HMAS Brisbane in April 2019
History
Australia
Namesake: City of Brisbane, Queensland
Ordered: 4 October 2007
Builder:
Laid down: 3 February 2014
Launched: 15 December 2016
Acquired: 27 July 2018[1]
Commissioned: 27 October 2018[2][3]
Motto: "We Aim At Higher Things"
Honours and
awards:
Three inherited battle honours
Status: Active
Badge: Ship's badge
General characteristics (as designed)
Class and type: Hobart-class destroyer
Displacement: 6,250 tonnes (6,150 long tons; 6,890 short tons) full load
Length: 147.2 m (482 ft 11 in)
Beam: 18.6 m (61 ft 0 in) maximum
Draught: 5.17 m (17 ft 0 in)
Propulsion:
Speed: Over 28 knots (52 km/h; 32 mph)
Range: Over 5,000 nautical miles (9,300 km; 5,800 mi) at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph)
Complement:
  • 186 + 16 aircrew
  • Accommodation for 234
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Aegis combat system
  • Lockheed Martin AN/SPY-1D(V) S-band radar
  • Northrop Grumman AN/SPQ-9B X-band pulse Doppler horizon search radar
  • Raytheon Mark 99 fire-control system with two continuous wave illuminating radars
  • 2 × L-3 Communications SAM Electronics X-band navigation radars
  • Ultra Electronics Sonar Systems' Integrated Sonar System
  • Ultra Electronics Series 2500 electro-optical director
  • Sagem VAMPIR IR search and track system
  • Rafael Toplite stabilised target acquisition sights
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
  • ITT EDO Reconnaissance and Surveillance Systems ES-3701 ESM radar
  • SwRI MBS-567A communications ESM system
  • Ultra Electronics Avalon Systems multi-purpose digital receiver
  • Jenkins Engineering Defence Systems low-band receiver
  • 4 × Nulka decoy launchers
  • 4 × 6-tube multi-purpose decoy launchers
Armament:
Aircraft carried: 1 x MH-60R Seahawk

Construction

The ship was built at ASC's shipyard in Osborne, South Australia from modules fabricated by ASC, BAE Systems Australia in Victoria, and Forgacs Group in New South Wales. She was laid down on 3 February 2014 and launched on 15 December 2016.[4]

Brisbane commenced sea trials in November 2017.[5] She was handed over to the RAN on 27 July 2018.[1]

Operational service

HMAS Brisbane Freedom of Entry Parade - Brisbane, Queensland 06
Members of Brisbane's crew parading through Brisbane's CBD in April 2019

Brisbane was commissioned on 27 October 2018.[2][3] The destroyer completed its weapons trials in March 2019.[6] On 6 April 2019 Brisbane's crew conducted a Freedom of Entry parade through the Brisbane central business district.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b Gady, Franz-Stefan (31 July 2018). "Australia's Second Air-Warfare Destroyer Handed Over to Department of Defense". The Diplomat. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  2. ^ a b Rabe, Tom (27 October 2018). "Navy missile destroyer unveiled in Sydney". Newcastle Herald. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b Kuper, Stephen (27 October 2018). "The Royal Australian Navy has commissioned its second Hobart Class Air Warfare Destroyer, HMAS Brisbane, at a ceremony in Sydney today". Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  4. ^ "HMAS Brisbane (III)". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  5. ^ "Second destroyer enters sea trials". Navy Daily. Royal Australian Navy. 29 November 2017. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  6. ^ Gady, Franz-Stefan (28 March 2019). "Australia's Second Air Warfare Destroyer Completes Weapons Trials". The Diplomat. Retrieved 20 April 2019.
  7. ^ Lynch, Lydia (6 April 2019). "HMAS Brisbane sailors march through their namesake town". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 4 May 2019.
Guided missile destroyer

A guided-missile destroyer is a destroyer designed to launch guided missiles. Many are also equipped to carry out anti-submarine, anti-air, and anti-surface operations. The NATO standard designation for these vessels is DDG. Nations vary in their use of destroyer D designation in their hull pennant numbering, either prefixing or dropping it altogether. The U.S. Navy has adopted the classification DDG in the American hull classification system.

In addition to the guns, a guided-missile destroyer is usually equipped with two large missile magazines, usually in vertical-launch cells. Some guided-missile destroyers contain powerful radar systems, such as the United States’ Aegis Combat System, and may be adopted for use in an anti-missile or ballistic-missile defense role. This is especially true of navies that no longer operate cruisers, so other vessels must be adopted to fill in the gap.

HMAS Brisbane

Three ships and a naval base of the Royal Australian Navy have been named HMAS Brisbane after Brisbane, the capital city of Queensland.

HMAS Brisbane (1915), a Town-class light cruiser launched in 1915 and decommissioned in 1935

HMAS Brisbane (naval base), a naval base operated in Brisbane between 1940 and 1942

HMAS Brisbane (D 41), a Perth-class guided missile destroyer launched in 1966 and decommissioned in 2001

HMAS Brisbane (DDG 41), a Hobart-class air warfare destroyer commissioned in 2018

Hobart-class destroyer

The Hobart class is a ship class of three air warfare destroyers (AWDs) being built for the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). Planning for ships to replace the Adelaide-class frigates and restore the capability last exhibited by the Perth-class destroyers began by 2000, initially under acquisition project SEA 1400, which was re-designated SEA 4000. Although the designation "Air Warfare Destroyer" is used to describe ships dedicated to the defence of a naval force (plus assets ashore) from aircraft and missile attack, the planned Australian destroyers are expected to also operate in anti-surface, anti-submarine, and naval gunfire support roles.

Planning for the Australian Air Warfare Destroyer (as the class was known until 2006) continued through the mid-2000s, with the selection of the Aegis combat system as the intended combat system and ASC as the primary shipbuilder in 2005. In late 2005, the AWD Alliance was formed as a consortium of the Defence Materiel Organisation (DMO), ASC, and Raytheon. Between 2005 and 2007, Gibbs & Cox's Evolved Arleigh Burke-class destroyer concept and Navantia's Álvaro de Bazán-class frigate competed for selection as the AWD design. Although the Arleigh Burke design was larger and more capable, the Álvaro de Bazán design was selected in June 2007 as it was an existing design, and would be cheaper, quicker, and less risky to build.

Three ships were ordered in October 2007, and will be assembled at ASC's facility in Osborne, South Australia, from 31 pre-fabricated modules (or 'blocks'). An option to build a fourth destroyer was included in the original contract, but has not been exercised. ASC, NQEA Australia, and the Forgacs Group were selected in May 2009 to build the blocks, but within two months, NQEA was replaced by BAE Systems Australia. Construction errors and growing delays led the AWD Alliance to redistribute the construction workload in 2011, with some modules to be built by Navantia. Increasing slippage has pushed the original planned 2014-2016 commissioning dates out by at least three years, with lead ship Hobart to be completed by June 2017, Brisbane in September 2018, and Sydney by March 2020. The AWD Alliance, Navantia, and the involved shipyards have been criticised for underestimating risks, costs, and timeframes; faulty drawings and bad building practices leading to repeated manufacturing errors; and blame-passing. The alliance concept has been panned for having no clear management structure or entity in charge, and having the DMO simultaneously acting as supplier, build partner, and customer for the ships.

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