HINARI

HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme was set up by the World Health Organization and major publishers to enable developing countries to access collections of biomedical and health literature. There are up to 13,000 e-journals and up to 29,000 online books available to health institutions in more than 100 countries. HINARI is part of Research4Life, the collective name for four programs - HINARI (focusing on health), AGORA (focusing on agriculture), OARE (focusing on environment), and ARDI (focusing on applied science and technology).[1] Together, Research4Life provides developing countries with free or low cost access to academic and professional peer-reviewed content online.[1]

The HINARI program, and the other programs, were reviewed for the second time in 2010 and the publishers involved have committed to continuing with it until at least 2020. HINARI has received the high honor of the Medical Library Association's 2015 Louise Darling Medal for Collection Development in the Health Sciences.[2]

HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme
Logo for the HINARI organizationl
HINARI organizational logo
AbbreviationHINARI
Formation2001
FoundersBlackwell, Elsevier Science, the Harcourt Worldwide STM Group, Wolters Kluwer International Health & Science, Springer Verlag, Ridwan Azees and John Wiley
PurposeTo provide free or low-cost online access to academic journals
HeadquartersGeneva, Switzerland
Fields
  • Biomedicine
  • Social science
Parent organization
World Health Organization
Websitewww.who.int/hinari/

History

In response to a call by the then UN Secretary General Kofi Annan and to a statement issued by Gro Harlem Brundtland the then Director General World Health Organization, HINARI was launched in July 2001 with a statement of intent from six major publishers: Blackwell Publishing, Elsevier, the Harcourt, Wolters Kluwer, Springer Science+Business Media, and John Wiley & Sons.[3] The HINARI name began as an acronym of Health Inter-Network Access to Research Initiative.[4] The use of the full name was later abandoned. The program opened for use in January 2002 with around 1,500 journals from the initial six publishers.[5] As of 2015, there are almost 200 publisher partners providing their online publications through HINARI.[6] 3,750 journal titles were accessible via HINARI in 2007.[4] Critiques of HINARI argue that the low-cost model is still too high for many institutions and journals with top impact factors are not included in some countries.[7]

Eligibility

Eligible categories of institutions are: national universities, professional schools (medicine, nursing, pharmacy, public health, dentistry), research institutes, teaching hospitals and healthcare centers, government offices, national medical libraries and local non-governmental organizations.[8]

Access

The country lists are based on four factors: Total GNI (World Bank figures), GNI per capita (World Bank figures), United Nations Least Developed Country (LDCs) List and Human Development Index (HDI).[9] In 2007 users and members of eligible institutions in 113 countries had access.[4] In 2016, the number of eligible countries, areas and territories stood at 117.[8] Some large, emerging countries including India and China are excluded by the program because their total GNI exceeds US$1 trillion.[4][5][9]

Related initiatives

  • TEEAL (The Essential Electronic Agricultural Library)
  • AGORA (Access to Global Online Research in Agriculture)
  • OARE (Online Access to Research in the Environment)
  • ARDI (Access to Research for Development and Innovation)

References

  1. ^ a b "Our commitment to universal access to medical research § About Research4Life". The Lancet. Retrieved 2015-04-05.
  2. ^ Hickner, Andy. "MLA awards 2015 Louise Darling Medal to Yale partner HINARI". The Cushing/Whitney Medical Library. Retrieved 2016-03-19.
  3. ^ "Publishers' Statement of Intent". HINARI. London: World Health Organization. 2001-07-09. Retrieved 2015-04-05.
  4. ^ a b c d Sarin, R (2007). "Denying open access to published health-care research: WHO has the password?". Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics. 3 (3): 133–4. doi:10.4103/0973-1482.37403. PMID 18079573.
  5. ^ a b Harris, Siân (June–July 2007). "Training increases HINARI and AGORA benefits". Digital Divide. Research Information. Europa Science. Retrieved 2015-04-05.
  6. ^ "Partners § Publishers". HINARI. World Health Organization. Retrieved 2015-04-05.
  7. ^ Villafuerte-Gálvez, Javier; Curioso, Walter H; Gayoso, Oscar. "Biomedical Journals and Global Poverty: Is HINARI a Step Backwards?". PLoS Medicine. 4 (6). doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.0040220. PMC 1896213. PMID 17594171.
  8. ^ a b "Eligibility". HINARI. World Health Organization. Retrieved 2016-06-05.
  9. ^ a b "Criteria by which countries, areas, or territories are categorized". HINARI. World Health Organization. Retrieved 2015-04-05.

External links

AGORA

AGORA is the acronym for the Access to Global Online Research on Agriculture program. It was launched in 2003 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in partnership with Cornell University and up to 70 of the world’s leading science publishers, to provide free or low-price online access to leading peer-reviewed publications in agriculture and related biological, environmental and social sciences to more than 100 lower-income countries.

Coordinated by the FAO on behalf of its many public and private partners, the goal is to support the effective use of agricultural research, education and training by academics, students, practitioners and government personnel with access to high-quality, relevant and timely agricultural information on the internet.

Close to 3,000 institutions are registered with AGORA, giving access to almost 6,000 journals and 22,000 books including subscription-based and open access information resources across a variety of topical areas.

There are currently 28,000 total resources available online to institutions in over 100 countries, with over 15,000 new e-books added to the platform in 2016.

ARDI

ARDI is the Access to Research for Development and Innovation program, a partnership between the World Intellectual Property Organization and major scientific and technical publishers. ARDI provides access to nearly 10,000 online journals, books and reference works for patent offices, academic and research institutions in 107 developing and least developed countries as of December 2013. The stated objective of ARDI is to "promote the integration of developing countries into the global knowledge economy, allowing them to more fully realize their creative potential."ARDI is part of Research4Life, the collective name for four programs - HINARI (focusing on health), AGORA (focusing on agriculture), OARE (focusing on environment), and ARDI (focusing on applied science and technology). Research4Life provides developing countries with free or low cost access to academic and professional peer-reviewed content online.

Academic journal publishing reform

Academic journal publishing reform is the advocacy for changes in the way academic journals are created and distributed in the age of the Internet and the advent of electronic publishing. Since the rise of the Internet, people have organized campaigns to change the relationships among and between academic authors, their traditional distributors and their readership. Most of the discussion has centered on taking advantage of benefits offered by the Internet's capacity for widespread distribution of reading material.

Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology

Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology is a peer-reviewed open-access medical journal published on behalf of the Indian Academy of Neurology. The journal publishes articles on the subjects of neurology, neuropsychiatry, and neuroimaging. It is indexed with Abstracts on Hygiene and Communicable Diseases, CAB Abstracts, Caspur, CINAHL, DOAJ, EBSCO, Excerpta Medica/EMBASE, Expanded Academic ASAP, JournalSeek, Global Health, Google Scholar, Health & Wellness Research Center, Health Reference Center Academic, Hinari, Index Copernicus, Indian Science Abstracts, IndMed, Journal Citation Reports, MANTIS, OpenJGate, PubMed, Science Citation Index Expanded, Scimago Journal Ranking, SCOLOAR, Scopus, SIIC databases, Tropical Diseases Bulletin, and Ulrich's Periodicals Directory.

Annals of Pediatric Cardiology

Annals of Pediatric Cardiology is a peer-reviewed open-access medical journal published on behalf of the Pediatric Cardiology Society of India. The journal publishes articles on the subjects of pediatric cardiology, cardiac surgery, cardiac pathology, cardiac anesthesia, pediatric intensive care, and cardiac imaging. Itis indexed with Caspur, CINAHL, DOAJ, EBSCO, Excerpta Medica/EMBASE, Expanded Academic ASAP, JournalSeek, Google Scholar, Health & Wellness Research Center, Health Reference Center Academic, Hinari, Index Copernicus, Indian Science Abstracts, OpenJGate, PubMed, SCOLOAR, SIIC databases, and Ulrich's Periodicals Directory.

Antiviral Therapy (journal)

Antiviral Therapy is a peer-reviewed medical journal published by International Medical Press. It publishes primary papers and reviews on all aspects of the clinical development of antiviral drugs, including clinical trial results, drug resistance, viral diagnostics, drug safety, pharmacoepidemiology, and vaccines. Antiviral Therapy is an official publication of the International Society for Antiviral Research.

The journal was established in 1996 by Douglas D. Richman (University of California, San Diego) and Joep M.A. Lange (University of Amsterdam), who still as of 2013 serve as the joint editors-in-chief. The first two issues were published by MediTech Media. The initial publication frequency was quarterly, rising to bimonthly in 2003 and to eight issues a year in 2005. The journal also publishes supplements containing abstracts from various conferences and workshops, including the International HIV Drug Resistance Workshop, International Workshop on Adverse Drug Reactions and Lipodystrophy in HIV, and the Therapies for Viral Hepatitis Workshop.

Articles from 1998 are archived online in PDF format, with content over a year old being available for free. All online content is available free to those living in developing countries through HINARI.

IFIS Publishing

IFIS is an academic publishing company and not-for-profit organisation operating in the sciences and regulations of food and health.Based in Reading, IFIS produces online bibliographic databases, FSTA, a resource which the company has offered since 1969, along with Escalex, launched in 2017. FSTA (Food Science and Technology Abstracts) includes over 1.4 million scientific non-predatory records from trusted sources, all related to disciplines surrounding food and beverages. IFIS also produces, in association with Wiley Blackwell, the Dictionary of Food Science & Technology, now in its second edition.As a not-for-profit charitable organisation, IFIS offers access to researchers in developing countries through the Research4Life programmes, HINARI and AGORA.Escalex, created in collaboration with Molecular Connections, was launched in April 2017. It allows for the search and retrieval of food and beverage food law information from various geographies across the globe.

Journal of Cytology

Journal of Cytology is a peer-reviewed open access medical journal published on behalf of the Indian Academy of Cytologists. The journal publishes articles on the subject of clinical and diagnostic cytology and applied cell research. It is indexed by Abstracts on Hygiene and Communicable Diseases, CAB Abstracts, Caspur, CINAHL, DOAJ, EBSCO, Expanded Academic ASAP, JournalSeek, Global Health, Google Scholar, Health & Wellness Research Center, Health Reference Center Academic, Hinari, Index Copernicus, Journal Citation Reports, OpenJGate, Science Citation Index Expanded, SCOLOAR, Scopus, SIIC databases, and Ulrich's Periodicals Directory.

Journal of Global Infectious Diseases

Journal of Global Infectious Diseases (ISSN: Print - 0974-777X, Online - 0974-8245) is a peer-reviewed open access journal published on behalf of the Global Infectiologists Network. The journal publishes articles on the subject of Infectious Diseases, Microbiology including bacteriology, virology, mycology and parasitology, Immunology, Public Health, Critical Care, Epidemiology, Nutrition, Pharmacotherapeutics.

The journal is indexed with Caspur, DOAJ, EBSCO Publishing’s Electronic Databases, Expanded Academic ASAP, Genamics JournalSeek, Google Scholar, Health & Wellness Research Center, Health Reference Center Academic, Hinari, Index Copernicus, OpenJGate, PubMed, Pubmed Central, SCOLOAR, SIIC databases, Ulrich’s International Periodical Directory.

There are no page charges for submissions to the journal.

Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons

The Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons is a peer-reviewed open access medical journal published on behalf of the Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons. It was started in 1995. The journal publishes articles on the subject of pediatric surgery (clinical and experimental surgery related to children).

The journal is abstracted and indexed by Abstracts on Hygiene and Communicable Diseases, Bioline International, CAB Abstracts, Caspur, CINAHL, DOAJ, EBSCO, Expanded Academic ASAP, Genamics JournalSeek, Global Health, Google Scholar, Health & Wellness Research Center, Health Reference Center Academic, Hinari, Index Copernicus, IndMed, MedInd, OpenJGate, PubMed, Scimago Journal Ranking, SCOLOAR, Scopus, SIIC databases, SNEMB, Tropical Diseases Bulletin, and Ulrich's Periodicals Directory.

Journal of Minimal Access Surgery

Journal of Minimal Access Surgery (ISSN: Print - 0972-9941, Online - 1998-3921) is peer-reviewed open access journal published on behalf of the Indian Association of Gastrointestinal Endo Surgeons. The journal publishes articles on the subject of Laparoscopic and thoracoscopic surgery, laparoscopic urology and gastrointestinal endoscopy.

The journal is indexed with Bioline International, Caspur, CINAHL, CSA databases, DOAJ, EBSCO Publishing’s Electronic Databases, Expanded Academic ASAP, Genamics JournalSeek, Google Scholar, Health & Wellness Research Center, Health Reference Center Academic, Hinari, Index Copernicus, OpenJGate, ProQuest, PubMed, Pubmed Central, Scimago Journal Ranking, SCOLOAR, SCOPUS, SIIC databases, SNEMB, Ulrich’s International Periodical Directory.

There are no page charges for submissions to the journal.

Lung India

Lung India is a peer-reviewed open-access medical journal published on behalf of the Indian Chest Society. The journal publishes articles on the subject of respiratory medicine including immunology, intensive care, sleep medicine, thoracic surgery, thoracic imaging, occupational health, and related subjects. It is indexed with Caspur, DOAJ, EBSCO Publishing’s Electronic Databases, Excerpta Medica/EMBASE, Expanded Academic ASAP, JournalSeek, Global Health, Google Scholar, Health & Wellness Research Center, Health Reference Center Academic, Hinari, Index Copernicus, Index Medicus for South-East Asia Region, Indian Science Abstracts, IndMed, MANTIS, MedInd, OpenJGate, ProQuest, PubMed, SCOLOAR, SIIC databases, and Ulrich's Periodicals Directory.

Mark Johnston (racehorse trainer)

Mark Johnston (born 10 October 1959) is a Scottish racehorse trainer based in Middleham, North Yorkshire, England.

Born in Glasgow, he attended Glasgow University and is a qualified vet. He started training at a stable near Louth, Lincolnshire in 1987, and his first winner was Hinari Video at Carlisle. He has been training in Middleham since 1988 when he purchased Kingsley House (often falsely attributed to be the former home of Charles Kingsley, author of The Water Babies).

In 2004 he won the 1,000 Guineas with Attraction. Other successful horses he has trained are Mister Baileys, winner of the 2,000 Guineas, Shamardal, 2004 European Champion Two-Year-Old, and Double Trigger, winner of the Ascot Gold Cup.

Johnston's horses are known for their front running style and bravery in a finish, two attributes that were best advertised by the exploits of Attraction. He cites Shamardal as the best horse he ever trained, and Attraction as the one he is most proud of.His success is at least in part due to the fantastic natural facilities available to him and other Middleham-based trainers on the nearby gallops.He reached his 4,000th winner on the flat in Britain when Dominating won at Pontefract on Monday 23 October 2017. He is only the third trainer in either code to reach that figure.On the 23rd August 2018 Mark Johnson became the most successful British Flat Trainer of all time when Frankie Dettori rode Poet’s Society to win the 3pm race at York Racecourse at odds of 20-1 to give Mark his 4,194 winner.

The motto of the stable is "Always Trying".He is married to Deirdre, a former teacher.

Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology

The Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology is a peer-reviewed open-access medical journal published on behalf of the Middle East African Council of Ophthalmology. The journal publishes articles on the subjects of Ophthalmology and vision science. It is indexed with African Index Medicus, CAB Abstracts, Caspur, CINAHL, DOAJ, EBSCO, EMR Index Medicus, Expanded Academic ASAP, JournalSeek, Google Scholar, Health & Wellness Research Center, Health Reference Center Academic, Hinari, Index Copernicus, OpenJGate, ProQuest, PubMed, SCOLOAR, SIIC databases, and Ulrich's Periodicals Directory.

Oman Journal of Ophthalmology

The Oman Journal of Ophthalmology is a peer-reviewed open-access medical journal published on behalf of the Oman Ophthalmic Society. It publishes articles on the subject of ophthalmology and vision science.

The journal is indexed with Caspur, DOAJ, EBSCO, EMR Index Medicus, Expanded Academic ASAP, JournalSeek, Global Health, Google Scholar, Health & Wellness Research Center, Health Reference Center Academic, Hinari, Index Copernicus, OpenJGate, ProQuest, PubMed, SCOLOAR, SIIC databases, and Ulrich's Periodicals Directory.

Pharmacognosy Magazine

Pharmacognosy Magazine is a peer-reviewed open-access medical journal published on behalf of the Pharmacognosy Network Worldwide. It publishes articles on the subjects of pharmacognosy, natural products, phytochemistry, phytopharmacology. The journal is indexed with CAB Abstracts, Caspur, Chemical Abstracts, CSA databases, DOAJ, EBSCO, Excerpta Medica/EMBASE, Google Scholar, Hinari, Index Copernicus, Indian Science Abstracts, Journal Citation Reports, OpenJGate, ProQuest, PubMed, Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, and Ulrich's Periodicals Directory.

Phcog.net (Pharmacognosy Network Worldwide) appeared on Beall's list from October 2012 through September 12, 2015.

TEEAL

TEEAL is The Essential Electronic Agricultural Library. Launched in 1999, it is a self-contained agricultural research library with full-text articles and graphics of over 200 major journals. TEEAL is a project of Cornell University's Albert R. Mann Library in cooperation with over 60 major scientific publishers, societies and index providers. Initial financial support has been provided by the Rockefeller Foundation, and currently by other foundations and donors.

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