Hīt

Hīt, also spelled Heet (Arabic: هيت‎), ancient name Is, is an Iraqi city in Al-Anbar province. Hīt lies northwest of Ramadi, the provincial capital.

On the Euphrates River, Hīt is a small walled town built on two mounds on the site of the ancient city of Is. In ancient times, the town was known for its bitumen wells, which were used as far back as 3,000 years ago, to include building of Babylon and for caulking boats. Hīt also became a frontier fortress for Assyria. Now, Hīt is a marketplace for agricultural produce and oil pipelines to the Mediterranean Sea cross the Euphrates there. It was regarded as the head of navigation on the river before the decline in river traffic.[1]

In October 2014, the city had fallen to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, but was recaptured after a military offensive by the Iraqi Army in April 2016.[2][3]

Hīt

هيت
City
Hit in 2004
Hit in 2004
Hīt is located in Iraq
Hīt
Hīt
Coordinates: 33°38′42″N 42°49′35″E / 33.64500°N 42.82639°ECoordinates: 33°38′42″N 42°49′35″E / 33.64500°N 42.82639°E
Country Iraq
ProvinceAl-Anbar
DistrictHīt District
Population
 (2018)
 • Total66,700
Time zoneUTC+3 (GMT+3)
Postal code
31007
Ancient nameIs

Climate

Hīt has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh). Most rain falls in the winter. The average annual temperature in Hīt is 21.9 °C (71.4 °F). About 115 mm (4.53 in) of precipitation falls annually.

Gallery

Hit Iraq (cropped)

Hit, Iraq, 2004

Kubaisa Oasis

Kubaisa Oasis, 2003

References

  1. ^ "Hīt". The New Encyclopædia Britannica. V. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 1980. p. 66.
  2. ^ http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2014/12/13/isil-al-wafa-attack.html
  3. ^ agencies, The New Arab &. "Iraqi forces recapture key town from IS militants". alaraby. Retrieved 2016-04-14.
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Albu Nimr

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In the years after 2007 Albu Nimr was part of the Sahwa militia that fought al-Qaeda in Iraq. In 2014 it was one of the very few Sunni Arab tribes that fiercely opposed the Islamic State.

Amara District

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The population of Amara District is currently around 1,250,000 people.

Amarah is located inside of Amara District and is the capital and largest city of the Maysan Governorate. The population of the city is

511,542 and is the 7th largest city in Iraq by population.

Anbar campaign (2015–16)

The Anbar campaign (2015–16) was a military campaign launched by the Iraqi Armed Forces and their allies aimed at recapturing areas of the Anbar Governorate held by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), including the city of Ramadi, which ISIL seized earlier in 2015. The United States and other nations are aiding Iraq with airstrikes.

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Banu Mazyad

The Banū Mazyad or Mazyadids were an Arab Shia dynasty of central Iraq. They belonged to the clan of Nāshira of the tribe of Banū Asad. They ruled an autonomous emirate in the area around Kūfa and Hīt between the 10th and 12th centuries.Older sources sometimes mistakenly date the beginnings of Mazyadid rule to the early 11th century, but Ali ibn Mazyad's reign must be dated a half century earlier. The Bedouin (nomadic) Banu Mazyad first acquired titles and subsidies from the Buyid emir Mu'izz al-Dawla in return for military services between 956 and 963. These included lands between Kūfa and Hīt.In 1012, Ali founded Ḥilla which would later become their capital. Originally a mere encampment, Ḥilla merged with the earlier settlement of Jami'ayn. Under Sadaqa I (1086–1108), a wall was built around the new city and it became the capital of Mazyadid power.The Mazyadids' chief rivals were the Uqaylids. Early in the reign of Dubays I (1017–1082), the Uqaylids supported his brother Muqallad when the latter challenged Dubays for the emirate. At the establishment of the Seljuk Empire, Dubays threw his support behind the Shia Fatimid Caliphate and the general al-Basasiri.The reign of the weak Seljuk sultan Barkiyaruq (1092–1105) corresponds to the height of Sadaqa I's power. To the First Crusaders, he was the "king of the Arabs" (rex Arabum in Latin chronicles). After Malik-Shah II succeeded Barkiyaruq, he moved against Sadaqa, who was defeated and killed in battle in 1108. His successor, Dubays II, was equally famous to the Latins and as an Arabic poet.The later Mazyadid emirs allied with local Turkish emirs against Sultan Ghiyath ad-Din Mas'ud (1134–1152). Seljuk forces occupied Ḥilla on several occasions. Dubays II was murdered by a Ḥashīshī in 1135. He was succeeded by his son, Ali II, who reigned until 1150. He was succeeded in turn by his son, Muhalhil, about whose reign nothing is known, including its length. In 1163, Ḥilla was occupied by Abbasid forces and Mazyadid rule came to an end.The Mazyadids did not mint coin.

Battle of Hit (2016)

The Battle of Hit (2016), also known as Operation Desert Lynx, was an offensive launched by the Iraqi Government during the Anbar offensive, with the goal of recapturing the town of Hīt and the Hīt District from ISIL. After the Iraqi forces recaptured the city of Ramadi, Hīt and Fallujah were the only cities still under the control of ISIL in the Al Anbar Governorate. Iraqi Forces fully recaptured of Hīt and the rest of the Hīt District on 14 April 2016.

Fall of Hīt (2014)

The Fall of Hīt was the capture of the important town of Hīt by ISIL, which cut off the road leading to nearby Haditha.

Haditha District

Haditha is a district in Al Anbar Governorate, Iraq. It is centred on the city of Haditha.

Hit, Qasr-e Qand

Hit (Persian: هيت‎, also Romanized as Hīt, Hait, Heyt, and Heyyat) is a village in Sarbuk Rural District, Sarbuk District, Qasr-e Qand County, Sistan and Baluchestan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 2,751, in 570 families.

Hīt District

Hīt is a district in Al Anbar Governorate, Iraq. It is centred on the city of Hīt, this district has between 75,000 and 90,000 inhabitants.

Kabisa

Kabisa or Kubaysah (Arabic: كبيسة) is an Iraqi city in the Hīt district of Al-Anbar province.

On 4 October 2014 it was captured by Islamic State forces.

On 25 March 2016 it was recaptured by Iraqi Security Forces.

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Khan al-Baghdadi (Arabic: خان البغدادي‎ Ḫān al-Baġdādī) or al-Baghdadi is an Iraqi city on the Euphrates River in al-Anbar province (Hīt District).

It is the closest village to the U.S. Military's Al Asad Airbase, (formerly known as Qadisiyah Airbase when it was operated by the Iraqi Air Force). It was the site of a major battle with ISIL in February 2015. ISIS captured most of the town by 14 February 2015. On 6 March 2015, Iraqi forces managed to recapture the town from ISIL.

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Mosul District

Mosul District (Arabic: الموصل‎, Syriac: ܢܝܢܘܐ‎, Kurdish: Mûsil‎) is a district in Nineveh Governorate, Iraq. Its administrative center is the city of Mosul. Other settlements include Al-Qayyarah, Al-Shurah, Hamam al-Alil, Al-Mahlaah, and Hamidat. The district is predominantly Sunni Arab, with minorities of Kurds, Assyrians, and Turkmen located in Mosul city.

Operation Shurta Nasir

Operation Shurta Nasir or Operation Police Victory or the Battle of Hīt was an operation led by U.S. troops and Iraqi SWAT teams trying to capture the town of Hīt from Al-Qaeda forces. The goal of the mission was to eject the Al-Qaeda from the city and establish three police stations there to cement authority in the town. The Al-Qaeda retreating would be caught in the net of encircling U.S. troops which numbered 1,000 men. The operation was a success, and Hīt was captured and freed from the terrorists.

Climate data for Hīt
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 14.1
(57.4)
17.7
(63.9)
22.4
(72.3)
28.2
(82.8)
35.2
(95.4)
40.3
(104.5)
42.8
(109.0)
42.7
(108.9)
39.2
(102.6)
32.5
(90.5)
23.5
(74.3)
16.2
(61.2)
29.6
(85.2)
Average low °C (°F) 3.2
(37.8)
4.6
(40.3)
8.7
(47.7)
13.9
(57.0)
19.1
(66.4)
22.8
(73.0)
25.4
(77.7)
24.8
(76.6)
21.0
(69.8)
15.5
(59.9)
9.1
(48.4)
4.5
(40.1)
14.4
(57.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 15
(0.6)
18
(0.7)
20
(0.8)
27
(1.1)
1
(0.0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
3
(0.1)
14
(0.6)
17
(0.7)
115
(4.5)
Source: Climate-Data.org,Climate data
Cities of Al Anbar in Iraq
Districts of Iraq and their capitals
al-Anbar Governorate
Babil Governorate
Baghdad Governorate
Basra Governorate
Dhi Qar Governorate
Diyala Governorate
Dohuk Governorate
Erbil Governorate
Halabja Governorate
Karbala Governorate
Kirkuk Governorate
Maysan Governorate
Muthanna Governorate
Najaf Governorate
Nineveh Governorate
al-Qādisiyyah Governorate
Saladin Governorate
Sulaymaniyah Governorate
Wasit Governorate

Languages

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