Gweno language

Gweno is a Bantu language spoken in the North Pare Mountains in the Kilimanjaro Region of Tanzania. The people known as the Gweno (or more properly Asu[4]) are a Chaga ethnic and linguistic group. Since the Chaga people are Bantu speakers, the adopted language contains dialects similar to that of the Kenyan language Kamba. Gweno shares about 54% to 56% of its vocabulary with other Chaga dialects and 46% with Taita dialects. However, a large percentage of its vocabulary is not seen in the other dialects.[5] Also at the start of the 11th century, the Chaga people descended and migrated from the Bantu group in which they migrated to the foothills of mount Kilimanjaro. The Gweno language is today spoken mostly by older adults, with younger generations having shifted to Asu and Swahili.[1] Ethnologue considers Gweno to be moribund;[1] the language is not being passed down because children have not been exposed to Gweno since the 1970s.[5] The generational shift from Gweno to either Asu or Swahili has certainly created shifts in dialect, however Gweno speakers do not see this as a threat.[4]

Gweno
Kigweno
Native toTanzania
RegionNorth Pare Mountains, Kilimanjaro Region
Ethnicity2,200 (2006)[1]
Native speakers

(older adults)[1]
Unwritten
Language codes
ISO 639-3gwe
Glottologgwen1239[2]
E.65[3]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Gweno language at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Gweno". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  4. ^ a b Phillipson, Gerard; Nurse, Derek. "Gweno, a little known Bantu language of Northern Tanzania" (PDF). CNWS Publications.
  5. ^ a b "Gweno: UNESCO-CI". portal.unesco.org. Retrieved 2017-02-10.

Further reading

  • Sewangi, Seleman S. (2008). Kigweno: Msamiati wa Kigweno–Kiswahili–Kiingereza / Gweno–Swahili–English Lexicon. ISBN 9987-691-16-1.

External links

GWE

GWE may refer to:

Gigawatt electrical (GWe)

Gweno language, native to Tanzania

Gwersyllt railway station, in Wales

Gweru-Thornhill Air Base, in Zimbabwe

List of endangered languages in Africa

An endangered language is a language that it is at risk of falling out of biboy washere

, generally because it has few surviving speakers. If it loses all of its native people, it becomes an extinct language. UNESCO defines four levels of language endangerment between "safe" (not endangered) and "extinct":

Vulnerable

Definitely endangered

Severely endangered

Critically endangeredAfrica is the world's second-largest and second most-populous continent. At about 30.2 million km² (11.7 million sq mi) including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of the Earth's total surface area and 20.4% of the total land area. With about 922 million people (as of 2005) in 61 territories, it accounts for about 16.1% of the world's human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Suez Canal and the Red Sea to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. There are 64 countries, including Madagascar and all the island groups.

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