Guy Jackson Hecker (April 3, 1856 – December 3, 1938) was an American pitcher in Major League Baseball. He was born in Youngsville, Pennsylvania. His debut game took place on May 2, 1882. His final game took place on September 30, 1890. During his career he played for the Louisville Eclipse/Colonels and Pittsburgh Alleghenys. Hecker is considered by some baseball historians to be the best combination pitcher and hitter to play in the 19th century. He remains as one of the only two pitchers in major League history to hit three home runs in one game, alongside Jim Tobin, and the only pitcher to win a batting title. In addition, he is the only pitcher in baseball history to get six hits in a nine-inning game.
Hecker was the second pitcher ever in the American Association to pitch a no-hitter. He did this as a rookie with Louisville on September 19, 1882. He narrowly missed becoming the first pitcher in the AA by a week, as his teammate Tony Mullane threw one. He also set a WHIP record of 0.77, which remained the MLB record until 2000, when it was broken by Pedro Martínez' mark of 0.74; yet Hecker's mark remains the rookie record. In 1884, Hecker won the pitching version of the triple crown by compiling 52 wins, a 1.85 earned run average, and 385 strikeouts. In 1886, he won the batting title by hitting .341 for the season. He finished his career in 1890 by managing and playing for the Pittsburgh Alleghenys.
Hecker died in Wooster, Ohio, and was buried at Wooster Cemetery.
1888 baseball card of Hecker
|Pitcher / First baseman|
|Born: April 3, 1856|
|Died: December 3, 1938 (aged 82)|
|May 2, 1882, for the Louisville Eclipse|
|Last MLB appearance|
|September 30, 1890, for the Pittsburgh Alleghenys|
|Earned run average||2.93|
|Career highlights and awards|
| No-hitter pitcher
September 19, 1882
The 1882 Louisville Eclipse season was the first season as a Major League club for the franchise. The team, which had played for several years as a semi-pro team, joined the new American Association league. They finished the season with a 42–38 record, good for second place.1883 Louisville Eclipse season
The 1883 Louisville Eclipse season was a season in American baseball. The team finished with a 52–45 record, fifth place in the American Association.1884 Louisville Eclipse season
The 1884 Louisville Eclipse season was a season in American baseball. The team finished with a 68–40 record, third place in the American Association.
There has been some debate over whom the manager of this club was, with some sources listing the club's starting second baseman, Joe Gerhardt, as manager for at least part of the year, with others crediting team official Mike Walsh with either all or part of the year.
Guy Hecker started 75 games for the Eclipse in 1884 and won the American Association Pitching Triple Crown by leading the league in wins, with 52, strikeouts, with 385, and earned run average with 1.80.1884 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 1884 throughout the world.1885 Louisville Colonels season
The 1885 Louisville Colonels season was a season in American baseball. The team (formerly the Louisville Eclipse) finished with a 53–59 record, sixth place in the American Association.1886 Louisville Colonels season
The 1886 Louisville Colonels season was a season in American baseball. The team finished with a 66–70 record, fourth place in the American Association.1886 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 1886 throughout the world.1887 Louisville Colonels season
The 1887 Louisville Colonels season was a season in American baseball. The team finished with a 76–60 record, fourth place in the American Association.1888 Louisville Colonels season
The 1888 Louisville Colonels season was a season in American baseball. The team finished with a 58–87 record, seventh place in the American Association.1889 Louisville Colonels season
The 1889 Louisville Colonels season was a season in American baseball. The team finished with a 27–111 record, last in the American Association.
The Colonels were the first Major League team to lose more than 100 games in a season. The previous record for losses was 92, set by the Washington Nationals in 1886 and matched by the Cleveland Blues in 1887. The record would be broken again in 1890 by the Pittsburgh Alleghenys, but remained the AA record until the league folded in 1891.1890 Pittsburgh Alleghenys season
The 1890 Pittsburgh Alleghenys season was the ninth season for the Pittsburgh Pirates franchise. The team finished eighth and last in the National League with a record of 23–113, 66.5 games behind the Brooklyn Bridegrooms.
For all intents and purposes, the Alleghenys' season ended when most of their stars defected to the Pittsburgh Burghers of the Players' League. With a decimated roster, the Alleghenys made a wretched showing. The 113 losses by the Alleghenys set a new major league record, breaking the old record of 111 set the previous year by the Louisville Colonels.
The record would stand until 1899, when the Cleveland Spiders lost 134 games, the all-time record.
Poor attendances meant that they played 97 of their 136 games on the road, finishing with a road record of 9-88 (the 88 losses remained a record until 1899, and is unreachable under current MLB scheduling rules, which allow a maximum of 81 road games). Their .093 road winning percentage is the lowest in MLB history for a minimum of 60 games. This would be the last time the Pittsburgh franchise reached the century mark in the loss column until 1917, when the team was known as the Pittsburgh Pirates.Dan Sullivan (baseball)
Daniel C. Sullivan (May 9, 1857 in Providence, Rhode Island – October 26, 1893 in Providence, Rhode Island), nicknamed "Link", was a professional baseball player who was a catcher in the Major Leagues from 1882-1886. He played for the St. Louis Browns, Pittsburgh Alleghenys, and Louisville Eclipse. He caught the sixth and seventh no-hitters in baseball history (by Tony Mullane and Guy Hecker, respectively) eight days apart on September 11 and 19, 1882.List of Louisville Colonels Opening Day starting pitchers
The Louisville Colonels were a Major League Baseball team that played from 1882 to 1899 and were based in Louisville, Kentucky. The team played in the American Association from 1882 to 1891 and in the National League from 1892 to 1899. The team was known as the Louisville Eclipse from 1882 to 1884. The Colonels used 11 Opening Day starting pitchers in their 18 years as a Major League franchise. The first game of the new baseball season for a team is played on Opening Day, and being named the Opening Day starter is an honor, which is often given to the player who is expected to lead the pitching staff that season, though there are various strategic reasons why a team's best pitcher might not start on Opening Day. The Colonels had a record of 10 wins and 8 losses in their Opening Day games.
The first game in Colonels' history was played on May 2, 1882 against the St. Louis Browns, now known as the St. Louis Cardinals. Tony Mullane was the Opening Day starting pitcher for the Colonels in that game, which the Colonels lost by a score of 9–7. The Colonels' last Opening Day game was on April 14, 1899 against the Chicago Orphans, now known as the Chicago Cubs. Bert Cunningham was the Colonels' Opening Day starting pitcher for that game, which the Colonels lost by a score of 15–1.Five pitchers made multiple Opening Day starts for the Colonels. Guy Hecker had the most Opening Day starts for the Colonels, with four, starting in every Opening Day game from 1883 through 1886. Toad Ramsey, Scott Stratton, Chick Fraser and Cunningham each made two Opening Day starts for the team. After making the Opening Day start in 1884, Hecker went on to achieve what is now known as the pitching Triple Crown by leading the American Association in wins, with 52, strikeouts, with 385, and earned run average, with 1.80. Hecker's 52 wins that season are 3rd all time among Major League Baseball pitchers. No Baseball Hall of Famers made Opening Day starts for the Colonels. However, as of 2011, Mullane's 284 career wins ranked 3rd among eligible pitchers who have not been inducted to the Hall of Fame, behind just Bobby Mathews and Tommy John.The Colonels won one American Association championship, in 1890. That year, they played in the 19th century version of the World Series against the National League champion Brooklyn Bridegrooms, now known as the Los Angeles Dodgers, in a series that ended in a tie. Stratton was the Colonels' Opening Day starting pitcher that season, in a game the Colonels lost to the Browns 11–8.List of Major League Baseball single-game runs scored leaders
In Major League Baseball, players have scored six or more runs in one game 16 times. This record has been achieved by 15 players, the most recent being Joe Randa of the Kansas City Royals on September 9, 2004. Mel Ott is the only player to accomplish the feat twice, doing so nearly a decade apart.
Three players — Ott, Cap Anson, and King Kelly — have been elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame. A player's team has never lost a game in which he scored six runs. None of the players who have scored six runs are currently active in MLB.
Guy Hecker scored seven runs for the Louisville Colonels against the Baltimore Orioles in the American Association on August 15, 1886, setting the record for professional baseball. Hecker is also the only pitcher to score as many as six runs in a game. In addition, Hecker collected six hits, another unique accomplishment for a pitcher.
Shawn Green's six run game set the Major League record for total bases (19) and tied the Major League records for home runs (4) and extra-base hits (5).
Five players on this list also collected six hits on their way to scoring six runs: King Kelly, Ginger Beaumont, Edgardo Alfonzo, Shawn Green and Joe Randa.
The record for runs in a postseason game is five.Mike Walsh (umpire)
Michael John "Mike" Walsh (April 29, 1850 – February 2, 1929) was an Irish-American umpire and manager in Major League Baseball who umpired 304 games from 1875 to 1888 in three different leagues: the National Association, the National League, and the American Association.Putout
In baseball statistics, a putout (denoted by PO or fly out when appropriate) is given to a defensive player who records an out by one of the following methods:
Tagging a runner with the ball when he is not touching a base (a tagout)
Catching a batted or thrown ball and tagging a base to put out a batter or runner (a force out)
Catching a thrown ball and tagging a base to record an out on an appeal play
Catching a third strike (a strikeout)
Catching a batted ball on the fly (a flyout)
Being positioned closest to a runner called out for interferenceToad Ramsey
Thomas H. "Toad" Ramsey (August 8, 1864 – March 27, 1906) was an American Major League Baseball player who pitched in the majors from 1885 to 1890. Ramsey spent his entire career in the American Association, split between two different teams. He played for the Louisville Colonels and St. Louis Browns. He is sometimes credited as the inventor of the knuckleball pitch, and was one of the top pitchers in the Association for more than two years, with statistics that put him in the top five in multiple pitching categories.Walks plus hits per inning pitched
In baseball statistics, walks plus hits per inning pitched (WHIP) is a sabermetric measurement of the number of baserunners a pitcher has allowed per inning pitched. WHIP is calculated by adding the number of walks and hits allowed and dividing this sum by the number of innings pitched.WHIP reflects a pitcher's propensity for allowing batters to reach base, therefore a lower WHIP indicates better performance.
While earned run average (ERA) measures the runs a pitcher gives up, WHIP more directly measures a pitcher's effectiveness against batters. WHIP accounts for pitcher performance regardless of errors and unearned runs. On-base plus slugging, or OPS, a comparable measurement of the ability of a hitter, is another example of comparison.Youngsville, Pennsylvania
Youngsville is a borough in Warren County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 1,834 at the 2000 census.
Major League Baseball pitchers who have won the Triple Crown