Guy's Hospital

Guy's Hospital is an NHS hospital in the borough of Southwark in central London. It is part of Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust and one of the institutions that comprise the King's Health Partners, an academic health science centre.

It is a large teaching hospital and is, with St Thomas' Hospital and King's College Hospital, the location of King's College London GKT School of Medical Education.

The Tower Wing (formerly known as Guy's Tower) is the world's second tallest hospital building, standing at 148.65 metres (487.7 ft) with 34 floors. It is currently one of the tallest buildings in London.

Guy's Hospital
Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust
Guy's Hospital - geograph.org.uk - 1024236
Guy's Hospital entrance with Boland House on the left and the Chapel on the right
Guy's Hospital is located in London Borough of Southwark
Guy's Hospital
Shown in Southwark
Geography
LocationSouthwark, London, England
Organisation
Care systemNHS England
Hospital typeTeaching
Affiliated universityKing's College London / KCLMS
Services
Emergency departmentNo
Beds400[1]
History
Founded1721
Links
Websitewww.guysandstthomas.nhs.uk

History

Guy's Hospital00
1820 Engraving of entrance by James Elmes and William Woolnoth.
Guy's and St. Thomas' Hospitals from 1833 Schmollinger map
The location of Guy's and St Thomas' hospitals, c. 1833

The hospital dates from 1721, when it was founded by philanthropist Thomas Guy, who had made a fortune from the South Sea Bubble and as a publisher of unlicensed Bibles.[2] It was originally established as a hospital to treat "incurables" discharged from St Thomas' Hospital. Guy had been a Governor and benefactor of St Thomas' and his fellow Governors supported his intention by granting the south-side of St Thomas' Street for a peppercorn rent for 999 years.[2] Following his death in 1724, Thomas Guy was entombed at the hospital's chapel (also dating from the 18th century), in a tomb featuring a marble sculpture by John Bacon.[2]

The original buildings formed a courtyard facing St Thomas Street, comprising the hall on the east side and the Chapel, Matron's House and Surgeon's House on the west-side. A bequest of £180,000 by William Hunt in 1829, one of the largest charitable bequests in England in historic terms, allowed for a further hundred beds to be accommodated.[2] Hunt's name was given to the southern expansion of the hospital buildings which took place in 1850.[2] Two inner quadrangles were divided by a cloister which was later restyled and dedicated to the hospital's members who fell in the First World War. The east side comprised the care wards and the 'counting house' with the governors 'Burfoot Court Room'. The north-side quadrangle is dominated by a statue of Lord Nuffield (1877–1963) who was the chairman of governors for many years and also a major benefactor.[3]

In 1974, the hospital added the 34-storey Guy's Tower and 29-storey Guy's House: this complex was designed by Watkins Gray.[4] The Wolfson Centre for Age-Related Diseases, which is dedicated to improving outcomes of conditions such as Alzheimer's disease, stroke, Parkinson's disease and spinal cord injury, was opened by the Princess Royal in December 2004.[5]

In October 2005 children's departments moved to the Evelina London Children's Hospital in the grounds next to St Thomas's close to the Palace of Westminster.[6] A new cancer centre, built by Laing O'Rourke at a cost of £160 million, was completed in April 2016.[7]

Facilities

Guy's Hospital- Life in a London Hospital, England, 1941 D2330
Surgery is performed at Guy's in 1941
Tower Wing
Guy's Tower, Guy's Hospital - geograph.org.uk - 1623716
Tower Wing
General information
StatusComplete
LocationSouthwark
Coordinates51°30′12″N 00°05′13″W / 51.50333°N 0.08694°WCoordinates: 51°30′12″N 00°05′13″W / 51.50333°N 0.08694°W
Current tenantsGuy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust
Construction started1968
Construction stopped1974
OwnerNational Health Service
Height148.65 metres (487.7 ft)
Design and construction
ArchitectWatkins Gray

Medical services at the Guy's site are now concentrated in the buildings to the east of Great Maze Pond: these buildings, which are connected, are known as Tower Wing, Bermondsey Wing, Southwark Wing and Borough Wing.[8] The Cancer Centre is in a separate building just to the south.[8] To the west of the Great Maze Pond is Guy's Campus which forms part of King's College London.[8]

At 148.65 metres (487.7 ft) high,[9] Guy's Tower (now called the Tower Wing) regained its tallest hospital building in the world status in 2014.[10] It has since been surpassed by the Outpatient Center at the Houston Methodist Hospital, in Houston, USA at 156.05 metres (512.0 ft).[11]

Notable people who worked at Guy's

See also

References

  1. ^ "Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust: Vital Statistics". Archived from the original on 25 September 2007. Retrieved 4 November 2008.
  2. ^ a b c d e "'Guy's Hospital', in Survey of London: Volume 22, Bankside (The Parishes of St. Saviour and Christchurch Southwark), ed. Howard Roberts and Walter H Godfrey". London: British History Online. 1950. p. 36-42. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Viscount Nuffield". London Remembers. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  4. ^ "FindArticles.com - CBSi". findarticles.com. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  5. ^ "King's Wolfson Centre for Age-Related Diseases opens" (PDF). Comment. 1 December 2004. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Evelina London Children's Hospital". Structurae. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  7. ^ "Laing O'Rourke hands over Guy's cancer centre". Building. 21 April 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  8. ^ a b c "Campus maps:King's College London". King's College London. 28 June 2006. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  9. ^ "Guys Hospital, London - Building #100". Skyscrapernews.com. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
  10. ^ "Guy's Lifts Tower regains its title as world's tallest hospital building". www.guysandstthomas.nhs.uk.
  11. ^ "Methodist Outpatient Care Center". Emporis. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  12. ^ "King's College London - Portering & philosophy". www.kcl.ac.uk. Retrieved 31 March 2018.

External links

Abraham Pineo Gesner

Abraham Pineo Gesner, ONB (; May 2, 1797 – April 29, 1864) was a Canadian physician and geologist who invented kerosene. Gesner was born in Cornwallis, Nova Scotia (now called Chipmans Corner) and lived much of his life in Saint John, New Brunswick. He died in Halifax, Nova Scotia. He was an influential figure in the development of the study of Canadian geology and natural history.

Astley Cooper

Sir Astley Paston Cooper, 1st Baronet (23 August 1768 – 12 February 1841) was a British surgeon and anatomist, who made historical contributions to otology, vascular surgery, the anatomy and pathology of the mammary glands and testicles, and the pathology and surgery of hernia.

Devi Shetty

Devi Prasad Shetty (born 8 May 1953) is an Indian cardiac surgeon and entrepreneur . He is chairman and Founder of Narayana Health, a chain of 21 medical centers in India. He has performed over 15,000 heart operations. In 2004 he was awarded the Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award followed by the Padma Bhushan in 2012, the third highest civilian award by the Government of India for his contribution to the field of affordable healthcare.

Guy's, Kings and St Thomas' Rugby Football Club

Guy's, Kings and St. Thomas' Rugby Football Club ("GKT") is the name given to the modern amalgam of three formerly distinct hospital rugby clubs each with a long history, having all been founded in the nineteenth century. The teams from Guy's Hospital and St Thomas' Hospital were the first to merge following the union of their respective Medical Departments. When King's College Hospital also merged in 1999 the King's College Hospital Rugby Football Club opted to remain separate and in so doing became an open rugby club that no longer represented the Hospital Medic's. GKT is notable for having been part of the twenty-one founding members of the Rugby Football Union (the Guy's team), and across its joint history has produced a large number of international players.

Guy's Campus

Guy's Campus is a campus of King's College London adjacent to Guy's Hospital and situated close to London Bridge and the Shard, on the South Bank of the River Thames in London. It is home to the Faculty of Life Sciences & Medicine and the Dental Institute.The campus is named for Thomas Guy, the founder and benefactor of Guy's Hospital established in 1726 in the London Borough of Southwark. Buildings include Guy's Chapel, the Henriette Raphael building, the Hodgkin building and Shepherd's House. The Students' Union centre at Guy's is situated in Boland House. Guy's Campus is located opposite the Old Operating Theatre Museum, which was part of old St Thomas Hospital in Southwark.

The nearest Underground stations are London Bridge and Borough.

Guy's Hospital Reports

Guy's Hospital Reports was a medical journal of clinical practice that was published by Guy's Hospital of London from 1836 to 1974. Initially edited by George H. Barlow, it covered case reports and other topics arising in the large teaching hospital. Other editors have included Sir Henry Greenway Howse.

Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust

Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust is an NHS foundation trust of the English National Health Service, one of the prestigious Shelford Group. It runs Guy's Hospital in London Bridge, St Thomas' Hospital in Waterloo, Evelina London Children's Hospital and community services in Lambeth and Southwark.

Guy’s and St Thomas’ was one of the largest hospital trusts in the country when it was founded, with around 16,200 staff; 25,200 Foundation trust members; an annual turnover of almost £1.5 billion; and 2.4 million patient contacts a year.

Guy's Hospital was first established as an NHS Trust including University Hospital Lewisham but in 1993 Lewisham became independent and Guy's and St Thomas' joined together.In December 2013 it was announced that a proposed merger with King's College Hospital and South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust foundation trusts had been suspended because of doubts about the reaction of the Competition Commission.In 2013 the trust established a subsidiary company, Essentia Trading Ltd, to which 48 estates and facilities staff were transferred. It provides consultancy services on strategy and estate development. The intention was to achieve VAT benefits, as well as pay bill savings, by recruiting new staff on less expensive non-NHS contracts. VAT benefits arise because NHS trusts can only claim VAT back on a small subset of goods and services they buy. The Value Added Tax Act 1994 provides a mechanism through which NHS trusts can qualify for refunds on contracted out services.

James Phillips Jones

James 'Tuan' Jones (23 November 1883 – 4 December 1964) was a Welsh international rugby union utility player who played club rugby for several teams, most notably Pontypool and Guy's Hospital. He only won a single cap for Wales, but was selected for the 1908 Anglo-Welsh tour to Australia and New Zealand.

John Belchier

John Belchier (1706 – 6 February 1785) was a British surgeon at Guy's Hospital from 1736 to 1768. He discovered at about the time of his Guy's appointment that the vegetable dye madder stained newly forming bone tissue, opening up the study of the growth and development of the skeleton, which was taken forward by

Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau and John Hunter.

Belchier was awarded the Copley Medal by the Royal Society in 1737. He was a founding governor for the Foundling Hospital, a charity created by Royal Charter in 1739, and was a member of the Court of Assistants at the Company of Surgeons from 1751 to 1785.

John Butterfield, Baron Butterfield

William John Hughes Butterfield, Baron Butterfield, (28 March 1920 – 22 July 2000) was a leading British medical researcher, clinician and administrator.

John Hilton (surgeon)

John Hilton FRCS, FRS, FZS (1805 – 14 September 1878) was a British surgeon.

Born in Sible Hedingham in Essex in 1805, Hilton was educated at King Edward VI Grammar School, Chelmsford and in Boulogne (where he became fluent in French). He entered Guy's Hospital in 1824 when aged nineteen. He was appointed demonstrator of anatomy in 1828, assistant-surgeon in 1845 and surgeon in 1849. In 1859 he was appointed professor of human anatomy and surgery at the Royal College of Surgeons. As Arris and Gale professor from 1859 to 1862 he delivered a course of lectures on "Rest and Pain," which have become classics. He was also surgeon-extraordinary to Queen Victoria.

In 1844 he was Hunterian Orator at the Hunterian Society and in 1853 elected their president for two years. In 1867 he was elected president of the Royal College of Surgeons, of which he had been made a member in 1827 and a fellow in 1843. He also delivered their Hunterian oration in 1867. From 1871 to 1873 he was President of the Pathological Society of London.Hilton was the greatest anatomist of his time, and was nicknamed "Anatomical John." It was he who, with Joseph Towne the artist, enriched Guy's Hospital with its unique collection of wax models. In his grasp of the structure and functions of the brain and spinal cord he was far in advance of his contemporaries.

As a surgeon he was more cautious than brilliant the very exactness of his anatomical knowledge making him a careful operator. His caution is remembered by the way he opened deeply seated abscesses with a probe and dressing forceps and still called Hilton's method. However he could be bold when necessary; he was the first to reduce a case of obturator hernia by abdominal section, and one of the first to practise lumbar colostomy. He died at Clapham on 14 September 1878 and was buried at West Norwood Cemetery.

King's College London GKT School of Medical Education

King's College London GKT School of Medical Education (abbreviated: GKT) is the medical school of King's College London. It is the biggest healthcare training facility in Europe. The school has campuses at three institutions, Guy's Hospital (Southwark), King's College Hospital (Denmark Hill) and St Thomas' Hospital (Lambeth) in London. The school in its current guise was formed following a merger with the United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals on 1 August 1998.The medical school has an annual intake of around 335 places on the standard MBBS Programme, 50 places on the Extended Medical Degree Programme (EMDP) and 28 places on the Graduate/Professional Entry Programme (GPEP) which does not include 2 places for Maxillo Facial (MaxFax) Entry. It receives more applications for medicine than any other UK medical school and as of 2016 applicants were required to sit the UKCAT admission test.

The medical school is ranked 8th in the world, as adjudged by Times Higher Education (THE) in its World University Rankings 2015–2016 by subject (Clinical, Pre-clinical and Health Results), commenting that "...While the overall strength of these countries has dipped, some of their institutions have moved against the tide. One of these is King's College London, which makes its debut in the top 10 (eighth)." As to QS World University Rankings (Medicine) 2016, the school is ranked 21st globally. The school is ranked 27th in the UK by the Complete University Guide 2018.

Raymond Gosling

Raymond George Gosling (15 July 1926 – 18 May 2015) was a British scientist. While a PhD student at King's College, London he worked under the supervision of Rosalind Franklin. Their crystallographic experiments, together with those of Maurice Wilkins of the same laboratory, produced data that helped James Watson and Francis Crick to infer the structure of DNA.

Richard Bright (physician)

Richard Bright (28 September 1789 – 16 December 1858) was an English physician and early pioneer in the research of kidney disease. He is particularly known for his description of Bright's disease.

Thomas Addison

Thomas Addison (April 1793 – 29 June 1860) was an English physician and scientist. He is traditionally regarded as one of the "great men" of Guy's Hospital in London.

Among other pathologies, he discovered Addison's disease (a degenerative disease of the adrenal glands) and Addisonian anemia (pernicious anemia), a hematological disorder later found to be caused by failure to absorb vitamin B12.

Thomas Guy

Thomas Guy (1644 – 27 December 1724) was a British bookseller, speculator and de facto founder of Guy's Hospital, London.

United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals

The United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals was the name given to the joint medical and dental school formed in London as a result of the merger of Guy's Hospital Medical School, St Thomas's Hospital Medical School and the Royal Dental Hospital of London.

The merged school was more commonly known as UMDS.

UMDS came into existence in 1982 with the merger of the medical schools of Guy's and St. Thomas' Hospitals. It was enlarged in 1983 when the Royal Dental Hospital of London School of Dental Surgery merged with Guy's Hospital Dental School, and again in 1985 with the addition of the Postgraduate Institute of Dermatology.Initially students of UMDS were allocated to one of the two campuses, with most preclinical teaching and all clinical teaching being separate. With the intake of 1989, students ceased being allocated in this way, and teaching for all students was divided between the campuses and their peripheral hospitals.

Discussions between King's College London and UMDS regarding a further merger began in 1992. UMDS was subsequently absorbed into King's College London on 1 August 1998, and was initially called the GKT School of Medicine; in 2005 this in turn became the King's College London School of Medicine and Dentistry. Subsequently the dental school became the Dental Institute and the remainder was renamed the King's College London School of Medicine. In 2015 the naming decision was partially reversed and the medical school is currently named King's College London GKT School of Medical Education.

William Babington (physician)

William Babington FRS FGS (21 May 1756 – 29 April 1833) was an Anglo-Irish physician and mineralogist.

Wolfson Centre for Age-Related Diseases

The Wolfson Centre for Age-Related Diseases (CARD) is based at the Guy's Hospital campus of King's College London, England. It is made up of three research groups including the Receptors and Signalling Group, the Neurorestoration Group and Neurodegeneration and Clinical Trials Group.

The centre is directed by Professor Pat Doherty.

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