Gustav Schwab

Gustav Benjamin Schwab (19 June 1792 – 4 November 1850) was a German writer, pastor and publisher.

Gustav schwab 1850
Gustav Schwab

Life

Gustav Schwab was born in Stuttgart, the son of the philosopher Johann Christoph Schwab: he was introduced to the humanities early in life. After attending Gymnasium Illustre,[1] he studied as a scholar of Tübinger Stift at Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen, his first two years studying Philology and Philosophy, and thereafter Theology. While at university he established a literary club and became a close friend of Ludwig Uhland, Karl Varnhagen and Justinus Kerner, with whom he published a collection of poems under the title Deutscher Dichterwald.

In the spring of 1813, he made a journey to northern Germany, where he met Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Schleiermacher, Friedrich Rückert, Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué, Adelbert von Chamisso and others. In 1818 he became a high school teacher in Stuttgart, and in 1837 he started work as a pastor in Gomaringen, near Tübingen. In 1841, he moved back to Stuttgart, where he was first pastor and then from 1845 educational counselor for Stuttgart's high school system. In 1847 he received an honorary Doctorate from his old university.

Schwab's collection of myths and legends of antiquity, Sagen des klassischen Altertums, published from 1838 to 1840, was widely used at German schools and became very influential for the reception of classical antiquity in German classrooms.

In his later years, he traveled regularly to Überlingen am Bodensee to enjoy the waters at the city's spa;[2] he died in Stuttgart in 1850.

Works

  • Gedichte (1828)
  • Das Buch der schönsten Geschichten und Sagen (1837)
  • Sagen des klassischen Altertums (1838–1840)

Citations

  1. ^ Wojak, Irmtrud (2009). Fritz Bauer 1903–1968: eine Biographie. Munich: C. H. Beck. p. 54. ISBN 978-3-406-58154-0.
  2. ^ Alfons Semler, Überlingen: Bilder aus der Geschichte einer kleine Reichsstadt,Singen, 1949, p. 173.

External links

1850 in literature

This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1850.

Alexander of Württemberg (1801–1844)

Alexander Christian Frederick, Count of Württemberg (5 November 1801, Copenhagen – 7 July 1844, Wildbad) was a German army officer and poet. He was the eldest surviving son of William Frederick Philip, Duke of Württemberg, who was a younger brother of Frederick I of Württemberg

He received a military education in order to become a regular officer. Afterwards, he was commissioned as a lieutenant colonel in the 3rd Cavalry Regiment of Württemberg. The regiment was stationed in Esslingen am Neckar where Alexander von Württemberg stayed in the Obere Palmsche Palais.

For his summer residence, he lived in Schloss Serach. There he visited with poets such as Emma Niendorf, Gustav Schwab, Justinus Kerner, Ludwig Uhland, and Hermann Kurz. These visits came to be known as the Serach Poet Circle.

Alexander von Württemberg formed a particularly close friendship with Nikolaus Lenau, who shared his dejection and depression. He was married in 1832 to his Hungarian wife, Helene Festetics de Tolna. Together they had two sons and two daughters.

He suffered from chronic headaches and moved to Italy in 1843 in a futile attempt to improve his health. He then moved to Wildbad, Württemberg where he died from a stroke in 1844. His body is interned in the Stiftskirche, Stuttgart.

Eberhard-Ludwigs-Gymnasium

Eberhard-Ludwigs-Gymnasium is a gymnasium in Stuttgart established in 1686.

Escape to the Foreign Legion

Escape to the Foreign Legion (German:Flucht in die Fremdenlegion) is a 1929 German silent film directed by Louis Ralph and starring Hans Stüwe, Alexander Murski and Eva von Berne.

German Romanticism

German Romanticism was the dominant intellectual movement of German-speaking countries in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, influencing philosophy, aesthetics, literature and criticism. Compared to English Romanticism, the German variety developed relatively late, and, in the early years, coincided with Weimar Classicism (1772–1805). In contrast to the seriousness of English Romanticism, the German variety of Romanticism notably valued wit, humour, and beauty.

The early period, roughly 1797 to 1802, is referred to as Frühromantik or Jena Romanticism. The philosophers and writers central to the movement were Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder (1773–1798), Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling (1775–1854), Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768–1834), Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel (1772–1829), August Wilhelm Schlegel (1767–1845), Ludwig Tieck (1773–1853), and Friedrich von Hardenberg (Novalis) (1772–1801).The early German romantics strove to create a new synthesis of art, philosophy, and science, by viewing the Middle Ages as a simpler period of integrated culture; however, the German romantics became aware of the tenuousness of the cultural unity they sought. Late-stage German Romanticism emphasized the tension between the daily world and the irrational and supernatural projections of creative genius. In particular, the critic Heinrich Heine criticized the tendency of the early German romantics to look to the medieval past for a model of unity in art and society.

Gomaringen

Gomaringen is a municipality located about 10 km south of Tübingen in the German state of Baden-Württemberg.

John Christopher Schwab

John Christopher Schwab, son of Gustav Schwab, of the firm of Oelrichs & Company, was born April 1, 1865, in New York City, being named for his great-grandfather, a privy counsellor of Stuttgart, Germany. His paternal grandparents were Gustav Schwab, a German poet of note, and Sophie (Gmelin) Schwab. His mother was Catherine Elizabeth, daughter of Laurence Henry and Henrietta Margaretta (Meier) Von Post. Through her, he was descended from Heinrich Melchior Mühlenberg, the chief founder of the Lutheran Church in America.

He was fitted for Yale University under private tutors and at Gibbons' and Beach's School in New York City. He received several prizes in English and Latin composition, High Oration appointments, and was a member of Phi Beta Kappa in college. As a Sophomore, he sang on his Class Glee Club, and the next year he was a member of the Second Glee Club. He was an editor of the Courant in his Senior year.

He remained at Yale for a year of post-graduate study in political economy after taking the degree of BA, in 1886, and during this period was also an instructor in German at the Hopkins Grammar School. In July, 1887, he went to Europe, and after spending the summer in travel, entered the University of Berlin. His studies for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy were completed at the University of Göttingen in 1889, and he then returned to the United States and spent some time in historical research in the libraries of New York City. He had received an M.A. in course at Yale in 1888. In the fall of 1890, he took up his work as lecturer in political economy at the University, being made an instructor in that department in the following year. He was promoted to an assistant professorship in 1893, and to a full professorship five years afterwards.

In 1905, after seven years of service in that capacity, Professor Schwab was chosen University librarian, and the remainder of his life was devoted to the upbuilding of the Library. A member of the University Council since his appointment as librarian, he had served for some years on the Council's Committee on Publications, in connection with the work of the Yale University Press. In 1901, he supervised the arrangements for the Yale Bicentennial as chairman of the committee in charge of the celebration. He was a frequent contributor to historical journals and magazines, and at one time was editor of the Yale Review.

The Finances of the Confederate States of America, published by Professor Schwab in 1901, is considered a valuable addition in the field of economic history. He was elected Secretary of the Yale Class of 1886 in 1905, and held that office until his death. To the work of civic betterment in New Haven, professor Schwab gave much of his attention, and at the time of his death he was serving as secretary and treasurer of the social settlement known as Lowell House. He was also president of the Model Housing Association of New Haven. He was on the board of trustees of the New Haven Public Library and a member of St. Paul's Protestant Episcopal Church, of whose Sunday school he was at one time superintendent, and for several years served in Company F, Second Regiment, Connecticut National Guard. He was a trustee of Mount Holyoke College, and in 1913 was on the committee which arranged the pageant held in celebration of the seventy-fifth anniversary of its founding. He was a member of the American and British Economic associations, the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Library Association, and of the Century Club of New York. In 1911, he received from Mühlenberg College the honorary degree of LL.D.

Professor Schwab's death occurred unexpectedly at his home in New Haven, January 12, 1916, after a brief illness from pneumonia. He was buried in Grove Street Cemetery in that city.

On October 5, 1893, he was married in New Haven to Edith Aurelia, daughter of Samuel Sparks Fisher, upon whom Yale conferred an honorary degree in 1851, and Aurelia Safford (Crossette) Fisher. She survives him with their two children: Katharine Fisher, a student at Vassar, and Norman Von Post. He leaves also two brothers and three sisters, one of the latter being the widow of Henry Charles White (B.A 1881, LL.B. 1883, M.L. 1884). Another brother, Laurence Henry, graduated from the College in 1878. Gustav Schwab (B.A. 1902) and Laurence Von Post Schwab (B.A. 1913) are nephews.

This article incorporates public domain material from the 1916 Yale Obituary Record.

Joseph von Laßberg

Baron Joseph Maria Christoph von Lassberg (born in Donaueschingen, 10 April 1770; died 15 March 1855) was a German antiquary.

Karl August Klüpfel

Karl August Klüpfel (8 April 1810, Darmsheim – 11 April 1894, Tübingen) was a German historian and librarian. He was a son-in-law of writer Gustav Schwab.

Beginning in 1828, he studied philosophy and theology at the University of Tübingen. In 1841 he began work as second librarian at the Universitätsbibliothek Tübingen, where from 1863 to 1881, he served as first librarian.

Lebrecht Blücher Dreves

Lebrecht Blücher Dreves (12 September 1816 – 19 December 1870) was a German poet and translator of poetry from Hamburg.

The Prussian general Blucher was his baptismal sponsor, whence his name. At age nineteen he submitted a volume of poems for the judgment of Adelbert von Chamisso and Gustav Schwab, and both expressed favourable opinions. This was followed shortly by another volume entitled Lyrische Anklange (Lyrical Melodies), grafted on the music of his favourites, Chamisso, Ludwig Uhland, Heinrich Heine, Friedrich Rückert, Schwab, and others. Over the next three years he studied jurisprudence, gaining the degree of doctor of laws summa cum laude. Another volume, entitled Vigilien (Vigils), followed, and in 1843 he published anonymously a third volume, Schlichte Lieder (Unpretentious Songs) embodying his battle-songs, Lieder eines Hanseaten. He converted to Catholicism in 1846, and took a job as notary out of financial difficulties. He also wrote the two-act comedy Der Lebensretter (The Life-Saver) inscribing it: "A manuscript printed for (improvised) private theatricals".

His Lieder der Kirche (Church Hymns) paved his way to becoming a translator of hymns (2d ed., 1868). He also wrote a History of the Catholic Congregations in Hamburg and Altona. He likewise translated the Nachtigallenlied by the anonymous author known as "Pseudo-Bonaventura" and Rimbert Vita Ansgari. He undertook the task of editing (in 1867) sources regarding the history of his native city in the Annuae Missionis Hamburgensis 1589-1781. About this time he revised and republished his own poetical works, in which work he was aided by the poet Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff who had become his good friend. He moved to Feldkirch in the Vorarlberg, and became friendly with the poet Father Gall Morel. His son, Dr. G. Dreves, became editor of the Analecta hymnica medii aevi, a large collection of medieval hymnology. Dreves died in Feldkirch.

Play Around a Man

Play Around a Man (German:Spiel um den Mann) is a 1929 German silent film directed by Robert Land and starring Liane Haid, Anna Calina and Fred Louis Lerch.The film's sets were designed by the art director Edgar G. Ulmer.

Schwab (surname)

Schwab or Schwabe may refer to:

Albert E. Schwab (1920-1945), United States Marine killed in action at Okinawa, 1945; awarded Medal of Honor

Alexander Schwab (1887-1943), German politician-activist and commentator-journalist who died while imprisoned by the Nazis

Andreas Schwab (born 1973), German politician

Andrew Schwab, lead vocalist for the rock group Project 86

Arthur J. Schwab (born 1946), United States federal judge

Arthur Tell Schwab (1896–1945), Swiss athlete

Carlos Schwabe (1877–1926), Swiss-German painter

Charles M. Schwab (1862–1939), American industrialist

Charles R. Schwab (born 1937), founder of the Charles Schwab Corporation

Corey Schwab, Canadian ice hockey player

Fritz Schwab (1919–2006), Swiss athlete

Gustav Schwab (1792–1850), German writer

Heinrich Schwabe (1789–1875), German astronomer

Howie Schwab, sports statistician

Hubert Schwab (born 1982), Swiss racing cyclist

Ivan R. Schwab, ophthalmologist, 2006 Ig Nobel prize winner

Julie Schwabe (1818–1896), philanthropist and school founder

Keith Schwab (born 1968), American quantum physicist

Klaus Schwab (born 1938), Swiss economist, founder of the World Economic Forum

Les Schwab (1917–2007), founder of Les Schwab Tire Centers

Mark Dean Schwab (1968-2008), executed American murderer

Michael Schwab, German anarchist convicted of the Haymarket bombings in Chicago

Moïse Schwab (1839–1918), French librarian and author

Scott Schwab (born 1972), American politician

Shimon Schwab (1908–1993), German-born Orthodox rabbi

Sigi Schwab (born 1940), German guitarist and composer

Susan Schwab, United States Trade Representative

V. E. Schwab (born 1987), American author

Werner Schwab (1958–1994), Austrian writer

Strabo

Strabo (; Greek: Στράβων Strábōn; 64 or 63 BC – c. AD 24) was a Greek geographer, philosopher, and historian who lived in Asia Minor during the transitional period of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire.

Tantalus of Mycenae

In Greek mythology, Tantalus (Ancient Greek: Τάνταλος Tántalos) was a son of Thyestes and a prince of southern Argolis. He was killed along with his brother Pleisthenes, by Thyestes's brother Atreus. Atreus killed his nephews because Thyestes seduced his wife, Aerope. Atreus was the king of Mycenae, and Thyestes ruled the south of Argolis. In some accounts, he was the first husband of Clytemnestra and was slain together with their newborn child by Agamemnon who married the Spartan princess after his death.

The Black Forest Girl (1929 film)

The Black Forest Girl (German: Schwarzwaldmädel) is a 1929 German silent romance film directed by Victor Janson and starring Liane Haid, Fred Louis Lerch and Walter Janssen.It was distributed by the German branch of the American company First National Pictures. The film's art direction was by Heinz Fenchel and Jacek Rotmil. The film is based on the 1917 operetta of the same title, composed by Leon Jessel with a libretto by August Neidhart. It is set in the Black Forest region of Germany in the 1840s.

The Last Fort

The Last Fort (German: Das letzte Fort) is a 1928 German silent war film directed by Curtis Bernhardt and starring Rolla Norman, Maria Paudler and Albert Steinrück.

Tübinger Stift

The Tübinger Stift (listen ) is a hall of residence and teaching; it is owned and supported by the Evangelical-Lutheran Church in Württemberg, and located in the university city of Tübingen, in South West Germany. The Stift was founded as an Augustinian monastery in the Middle Ages. After the Reformation, in 1536, Duke Ulrich turned the Stift into a seminary which served to prepare Protestant pastors for Württemberg. To this day the scholarship is still given to students in preparation for the ministry or teaching in Württemberg. Students receive a scholarship which consists of boarding, lodging and further academic support.

Some of the well known "Stiftlers" are the astronomer Johannes Kepler and his associate, statesman Hans Ulrich von Eggenberg, the poet Friedrich Hölderlin who had as roommates the philosophers G. W. F. Hegel and Friedrich Schelling, the theologians David Friedrich Strauß, Johann Albrecht Bengel, Friedrich Christoph Oetinger, Ferdinand Christian Baur and Eberhard Nestle, and the philologist August Pauly.

Wilhelm Hauff

Wilhelm Hauff (29 November 1802 – 18 November 1827) was a Württembergian poet and novelist.

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