Guobiao standards

GB standards are the Chinese national standards issued by the Standardization Administration of China (SAC), the Chinese National Committee of the ISO and IEC. GB stands for Guobiao (simplified Chinese: 国标; traditional Chinese: 國標; pinyin: Guóbiāo), Chinese for national standard.

Mandatory standards are prefixed "GB". Recommended standards are prefixed "GB/T" (T from Chinese language 推荐; tuījiàn; 'recommended'). A standard number follows "GB" or "GB/T".

GB standards are the basis for the product testing which products must undergo during the China Compulsory Certificate (CCC) certification. If there is no corresponding GB Standard, CCC is not required.

GB Logo SVG
Guobiao Logo

List

A non-exhaustive list of National Standards of the People's Republic of China is listed as follows, accompanied with similar international standards of ISO, marked as identical (IDT), equivalent (EQV), or non-equivalent (NEQ).

Mandatory standards
Number Equivalent to Title
GB 2099.1‐2008 AC power mains plugs and sockets
GB 1002‐2008 AC power mains plugs and sockets
GB 2312-1980 Code of Chinese graphic character set for information interchange, primary set; see also GBK, a common extension of GB 2312
GB 3100-1993 EQV ISO 1000:1992 SI units and recommendations for the use of their multiples and of certain other units
GB 3101-1993 EQV ISO 31-0:1992 General principles concerning quantities, units and symbols
GB 3259-1992 Transliterating rules of Chinese phonetic alphabet on titles for books and periodicals in Chinese
GB 3304-1991 Names of nationalities of China in romanization with codes
GB 5768-2009 Road traffic signs and markings
GB 6513-1986 Character set for bibliographic information interchange on mathematical coding of characters
GB 7714-1987 Descriptive rules for bibliographic references
GB 8045-1987 Mongolian 7-bit and 8-bit coded graphic character sets for information processing interchange
GB 12050-1989 Information processing – Uighur coded graphic character sets for information interchange
GB 12052-1989 Korean character coded character sets for information interchange
GB 12200.1-1990 Chinese information processing – Vocabulary – Part 1: Fundamental terms
GB 13000-2010 IDT ISO/IEC 10646:2003 Information technology – Universal multiple-octet coded character set (UCS)
GB 14887-2003 Road traffic signals
GB 18030-2005 Information technology – Chinese ideograms coded character set for information interchange – Extension for the basic set
GB 500011-2001[1] Civil engineering – Code for seismic design of buildings
GB 50223-2008[2] Civil engineering – Standard for classification of seismic protection of building constructions
Recommended standards
Number Equivalent to Title
GB/T 148-1997 NEQ ISO 216:1975 Writing paper and certain classes of printed matter – Trimmed sizes-A and B series
GB/T 1988-1998 EQV ISO/IEC 646:1991 Information technology – 7-bit coded character set for information interchange
GB/T 2311-2000 IDT ISO/IEC 2022:1994 Information technology – Character code structure and extension techniques
GB/T 2260-2007 Codes for the administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China
GB/T 2261-1980 None but similar to ISO 5218 Codes for sexual distinction of human beings
GB/T 2659-2000 EQV ISO 3166-1:1997 Codes for the representation of names of countries and regions
GB/T 4880-1991 EQV ISO 639:1988 Codes for the representation of names of languages
GB/T 4880.2-2000 EQV ISO 639-2:1998 Codes for the representation of names of languages – Part 2: Alpha-3 code
GB/T 4881-1985 Code of Chinese languages
GB/T 5795-2002 EQV ISO 2108:1992 China standard book numbering
GB/T 7408-1994 EQV ISO 8601:1988 Data elements and interchange formats – Information interchange – Representation of dates and times
GB/T 7589-1987 Code of Chinese ideogram set for information interchange – 2nd supplementary set
GB/T 7590-1987 Code of Chinese ideogram set for information interchange – 4th supplementary set
GB/T 12200.2-1994 Chinese information processing – Vocabulary – Part 2: Chinese and Chinese character
GB/T 12345-1990 Code of Chinese graphic character set for information interchange, supplementary set
GB/T 12406-1996 IDT ISO 4217:1990 Codes for the representation of currencies and funds
GB/T 13131-1991 Code of Chinese ideogram set for information interchange – The 3rd supplementary set
GB/T 13132-1991 Code of Chinese ideogram set for information interchange – The 5th supplementary set
GB/T 13134-1991 Yi coded character set for information interchange
GB/T 15273 IDT ISO/IEC 8859 Information processing – 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets
GB/T 15834-2011 Use of punctuation marks
GB/T 15835-1995 General rules for writing numerals in publications
GB/T 16159-2012 Basic rules for Hanyu Pinyin Orthography
GB/T 16831-1997 IDT ISO 6709:1983 Standard representation of latitude, longitude and altitude for geographic point locations
GB/T 17742-1999 China Seismic Intensity Scale, or liedu
GB/T 19000-2000 IDT ISO 9000:2000 Quality management systems – Fundamentals and vocabulary
GB/T 20234-2015 Electrical vehicle charging, including GB/T 20234.2-2015 AC-charging standard
GB/T 20542-2006 Tibetan Coded Character Set Extension A
GB/T 24001-1996 IDT ISO 14001:1996 Environmental management systems – Specification with guidance for use
GB/T 22238-2008 Tibetan Coded Character Set Extension B
GB/T 32960-2016 Technical Specification of Remote Service and Management System for Electric Vehicles
GB/T 33661-2017 Calculation and promulgation of the Chinese calendar

Regulatory changes

Changes are made frequently within the regulatory system of Chinese GB Standards. New standards are released, existing standards are changed or updated. In 2014, GB Standard 15084-2013 for rear view mirrors as well as GB Standard 14166:2013 (“Safety-belts, restraint systems, child restraint systems and ISOFIX child restraint systems for occupants of power-driven vehicles”) will be revised and implemented. Above that, GB Standard 27887-2011 “Restraining devices for child occupants of power-driven vehicles” will become mandatory.

See also

References

  1. ^ XU, Zhengzhong; WANG, Yayong et al. (徐正忠、王亚勇等) (2001). 《建筑抗震设计规范》(GB 500011-2001) [Code for seismic design of buildings (GB 500011-2001)] (in Chinese). Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development of PRC (MOHURD, 中华人民共和国住房和城乡建设部). Retrieved 2008-09-29.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) The article was partially revised in 2008.
  2. ^ WANG, Yayong; DAI, Guoying (王亚勇 戴国莹); et al. (2008-07-30). 建筑工程抗震设防分类标准 [Standard for classification of seismic protection of building constructions] (MS Word) (in Chinese). General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection, and Quarantine (AQSIQ) and Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development (MOHURD) of PRC. Retrieved 2008-09-30.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)

External links

China Compulsory Certificate

The China Compulsory Certificate mark, commonly known as a CCC Mark, is a compulsory safety mark for many products imported, sold or used in the Chinese market. It was implemented on May 1, 2002 and became fully effective on August 1, 2003.It is the result of the integration of China's two previous compulsory inspection systems, namely "CCIB" (Safety Mark, introduced in 1989 and required for products in 47 product categories) and "CCEE" (also known as "Great Wall" Mark, for electrical commodities in 7 product categories), into a single procedure.

China seismic intensity scale

The China seismic intensity scale (CSIS) is a national standard in the People's Republic of China used to measure seismic intensity. Similar to EMS-92 on which CSIS drew reference, seismic impacts are classified into 12 degrees of intensity, or liedu (Chinese: 烈度; pinyin: lièdù, literally "degrees of violence") in Roman numerals from I for insensible to XII for landscape reshaping.

The scale was initially formalized by the China Earthquake Administration (CEA) in 1980, therefore often referred to by its original title as "China Seismic Intensity Scale (1980)". It was later revised, and adopted as a national standard, or Guobiao, series GB/T 17742-1999 by then National Quality and Technology Supervision Administration (now General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection, and Quarantine of P.R.C., AQSIQ) in 1999.

The standard was set for revision not long before the 2008 Sichuan earthquake.

GB 18030

GB 18030 is a Chinese government standard, described as Information Technology — Chinese coded character set and defines the required language and character support necessary for software in China. GB18030 is the registered Internet name for the official character set of the People's Republic of China (PRC) superseding GB2312. As a Unicode Transformation Format (i.e. an encoding of all Unicode code points), GB18030 supports both simplified and traditional Chinese characters. It is also compatible with legacy encodings including GB2312, CP936, and GBK 1.0.

In addition to the "GB18030 character encoding", this standard contains requirements about which scripts must be supported, font support, etc.

GB 2312

GB/T 2312-1980 is a key official character set of the People's Republic of China, used for simplified Chinese characters. GB2312 is the registered internet name for EUC-CN, which is its usual encoded form. GB abbreviates Guojia Biaozhun (国家标准), which means national standard in Chinese. GB2312 (1980) has been superseded by GBK and GB18030, which include additional characters, but GB2312 remains in widespread use as a subset of those encodings.

According to a National Standard Bulletin of the People's Republic of China, the National Standard GB 2312-1980 is no longer mandatory, and its standard code is modified to GB/T 2312-1980.While GB2312 covers over 99% of the characters of contemporary usage, historical texts and many names remain out of scope. GB2312 includes 6,763 Chinese characters (on two levels: the first is arranged by reading, the second by radical then number of strokes), along with symbols and punctuation, Japanese kana, the Greek and Cyrillic alphabets, Zhuyin, and a double-byte set of Pinyin letters with tone marks. As of February 2018, 0.3% of all web pages use GB2312, a drop from 3.5% in January 2010.There is an analogous character set known as GB/T 12345, closely related to GB2312, but with traditional character forms replacing simplified forms, and some extra 62 supplemental characters. GB-encoded fonts often come in pairs, one with the GB 2312 (simplified) character set and the other with the GB/T 12345 (traditional) character set.

List of codecs

The following is a list of compression formats and related codecs.

Safety sign

Safety signs are a type of sign designed to warn of hazards, indicate mandatory actions or required use of Personal protective equipment, prohibit actions or objects, identify the location of firefighting or safety equipment, or marking of exit routes.

In addition to being encountered in industrial facilities; safety signs are also found in public places and communities, at electrical pylons and Electrical substations, cliffs, beaches, bodies of water, on motorized equipment, such as lawn mowers, and areas closed for construction or demolition.

Standardization Administration of China

The Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China (SAC; Chinese: 国家标准化管理委员会; pinyin: guójiā biāozhǔnhuà guǎnlǐ wěiyuánhuì) is the standards organization authorized by the State Council of China to exercise administrative responsibilities by undertaking unified management, supervision and overall coordination of standardization work in China. The SAC represents China within the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and other international and regional standardization organizations; the SAC is responsible for organizing the activities of the Chinese National Committee for ISO and IEC; the SAC approves and organizes the implementation of international cooperation and the exchange of projects on standardization.

The SAC is headquartered in Haidian District, Beijing.

Vehicle regulation

Vehicle regulations are requirements that automobiles must satisfy in order to be approved for sale or use in a particular country or region. They are usually mandated by legislation, and administered by a government body. The regulations concern aspects such as lighting, controls, crashworthiness, environment protection and theft protection.

Voluntary CQC Mark Certification

The Voluntary CQC Mark Certification is a voluntary product certification for Chinese products or products that are imported to China. The Voluntary CQC Mark Certification can be applied for products which are not in the China Compulsory Certification product catalogue and thus cannot receive a China Compulsory Certificate (CCC Certificate). The CQC Mark guarantees the conformity of the product with the Chinese standards (Guobiao standards) regarding safety, quality, environmental and energy efficiencies. Products marked with the CQC Mark are less likely to be detained at Chinese customs. In addition, the CQC Mark raises the competitiveness of a product in the Chinese market.

The whole certification process is similar to the Compulsory China Certificate (CCC) certification process.

WLAN Authentication and Privacy Infrastructure

WLAN Authentication and Privacy Infrastructure (WAPI) is a Chinese National Standard for Wireless LANs (GB 15629.11-2003).

Although it was allegedly designed to operate on top of WiFi, compatibility with the security protocol used by the 802.11 wireless networking standard developed by the IEEE is in dispute. Due to the limited access of the standard (only eleven Chinese companies had access), it was the focus of a U.S.-China trade dispute. Following this it was submitted to, and rejected by the ISO. It was resubmitted to ISO in 2010, but was cancelled as a project on 21 November 2011 after being withdrawn by China.

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