Guntur (pronunciation (help·info)); is a city within the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region. Located 24 km (15 mi) away from the state capital Amaravati, Guntur city is the administrative headquarters of Guntur district, of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a municipal corporation and also the headquarters of Guntur mandal in Guntur revenue division. It is situated on the plains at a distance of 40 miles (64 km) to north of the Bay of Bengal. The city is the third most populous in the state with a population of 743,654 and urban agglomeration population around one million as per 2011 census of India.
Guntur is classified as a Y-grade city as per the Seventh Central Pay Commission. It forms a part of Vishakhapatnam-Guntur Industrial Region, a major industrial corridor in the country. The city is known for its chilli, cotton and tobacco exports and has the largest chilli market yard in Asia.
|Etymology: Garthapuri ("Place surrounded by water ponds")|
|Founded||18th century AD|
|• Body||Guntur Municipal Corporation|
|• Municipal Commissioner||Srikesh B Lathkar|
|• Member of Parliament||Galla Jayadev|
|• Metropolis||159.46 km2 (61.57 sq mi)|
|Elevation||30 m (100 ft)|
|• Rank||63rd (India)|
3rd (Andhra Pradesh)
|• Density||4,700/km2 (12,000/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Gunturodu or Gunturollu|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||AP 07; AP 08|
|Sex ratio||1016 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Guntur|
|Urban planning agency||APCRDA|
The earliest reference to the present name of the city can be dated back to the period of Ammaraja–I (922-929 CE), the Vengi Eastern Chalukyan King. It also has its appearance in another two inscriptions dated 1147 AD and 1158 AD. In Sanskrit, Guntur was referred to as Garthapuri. "Garthapuri" or "Guntlapuri" translates to "a place surrounded by water ponds". The settlement might have been near a pond, a "gunta" in Telugu; hence, :gunta uru" translates to "pond village" in Telugu. Another source refers to "kunta" (a land measuring unit) which may have transformed to "kunta uru" and later to "Guntur".
The earliest recorded reference of Guntur comes from the Idern plates of Ammaraja I (922–929 CE), the Vengi Chalukyan king. French astronomer, Pierre Janssen observed the Solar eclipse of 18 August 1868 and discovered helium, from Guntur in Madras State, British India. The inscriptions stones in the Agastyeshwara temple in 'Naga Lipi' (an ancient script) dates back to about 1100 CE. It is located in Old Guntur and is considered one of the most famous temples in the city. It is said that Agastya built the temple in the last Treta Yuga around the swayambhu linga and hence it has this name. The 'Nagas' were said to have ruled the region at that time. R.Agraharam and Old Guntur areas are considered to be the oldest part of the city. The region has been historically known for Buddhism and the first Kalachakra ceremony performed by Gautama Buddha himself. The place of Sitanagaram and the Guttikonda caves are referred in the ancient texts (Vedic puranas) going back to the Treta Yuga and Dwapara Yuga.
With the arrival of the Europeans in the late sixteenth century the city attained national and international significance. The French shifted their headquarters from Kondavid Fort to here in 1752, probably because of the ample availability of water due to the two large tanks. This settlement formed the nucleus of the modern city. The Nizams and Hyder Ali also ruled the city until it came under British rule in 1788. It was made the headquarters of a district named after it that was abolished in 1859, only to be reconstituted in 1904. The city rapidly became a major market for agricultural produce from the surrounding countryside due to the opening of the railway link in 1890. The expansion continued post independence as well and was concentrated in what is now called "New Guntur", with many urban areas such as Brodipet, Arundelpet and suburban areas like Pattabhipuram, Chandramouli Nagar, Sita Rama nagar, Brindavan Gardens, etc.
The city area has been further expanded in 2012 with merger of many villages like Nallapadu, Pedapalakaluru, Ankireddipalem, Adavitakkellapadu, Gorantla, Pothuru, Chowdavaram, Etukuru, Budampadu, Reddypalem.
Guntur is located at  It has an average elevation of 33 m (108 ft) and is situated on the plains. There are few hills in the surrounding suburban areas and Perecherla Reserve Forest on the north west. The city is around 40 miles (64 km) to the west of the Bay of Bengal on the east coast of India. The Krishna delta lies partly in the Guntur district. There are other smaller rivers and channels in the region such as Guntur Channel, Chandravanka, Naagileru, Guntur Branch Canal etc..
As quoted in NASA's website "it is typical of the wider deltas along the southeast coast of India (known as the Coromandel Coast). The braided stream channels, broad floodplain, and extensive sandbars suggest that this part of the Krishna River flows through relatively flat terrain and carries a substantial amount of sediment, especially during the monsoon season."
As per Köppen-Geiger climate classification system the climate in Guntur is tropical (Aw). The average temperature is warm to hot year-round. The summer season (especially during May/June) has the highest temperatures, but these are usually followed by monsoon rains. The winter season (from November to February) is the most enjoyable with a pleasant climate. Winter months are usually dry, with little to no rainfall. The wettest month is July. The average annual temperature is 28.5 C and annual rain fall is about 905 mm. Rain storms and cyclones are common in the region during the rainy season, which starts with the monsoons in early June. Cyclones may occur any time of the year, but occur more commonly between May and November.
|Climate data for Guntur City|
|Average high °C (°F)||29.8
|Daily mean °C (°F)||24.4
|Average low °C (°F)||19.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||1
|Source: Climate-Data.org (altitude: 26 m)|
In the 1961 census, Guntur had a population of 187,122 and increased to 516,461 in 2001, which shows a considerable growth during the last 5 decades. As of 2011 census, the city had a population of 651,382. It then increased to 7,43,354 after expansion, constituting 371,727 males and 3,71,612 females —a sex ratio of approximately 1004 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000. The urban agglomeration population of the city is projected to be approximately, 1,028,667.
Hinduism is the major religion in Guntur. Telugu is the main language of communication in the city. One of the earlier forms of Telugu language can be noticed in this region. Most of the Muslims in the city speak Urdu as their mother tongue. One of the purportedly lost tribes of Israel called Bene Ephraim, has its presence in Guntur, with a Jewish synagogue as well.
In 1866, Guntur was made a municipality with a population of about 25,000. It was upgraded to III (1891), I Grade (1917), special grade (1952) and selection grade in 1960. Later, in 1994 it was made a Municipal Corporation. In 1995, the first election of the Municipal Corporation was conducted. In the year 2012, the city limits were expanded by merging ten surrounding villages into the Guntur Municipal Corporation. The present commissioner is Smt. C Anuradha. The corporation budget is ₹973.24 crore (US$140 million). Recently the corporation topped the charts in property tax collections in the state.
The city is one among the 31 cities in the state to be a part of water supply and sewerage services mission known as Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT). In 2015, as per the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan of the Ministry of Urban Development, Guntur Municipal Corporation was ranked 70th in the country. The Guntur Municipal Corporation received the open defecation free city certificate as part of Swacch Bharat Mission.
River Krishna is the main source of water for the city through channels and tributaries. Extension of Guntur Channel is being planned to cover more areas around the city in the capital region.
The High Court was in Guntur after the separation from the erstwhile Madras State, which was later moved to Hyderabad after the formation of Andhra Pradesh. After the bifurcation of the state a new High Court is setup in the capital region of the district. Guntur Urban and Rural police offices oversees the law and order for the city and the rural areas surrounding it. NCC Group and also hosts one of the Indian Army recruitment and training centers. The city has a new Regional passport center to cater the citizens of the district and state.
The Government General Hospital provides free health care to people across the district. There are free healthcare facilities like Sankara Eye Hospital that serves people in and around the city. Also there are urban health care centers, couple of hundred private hospitals in the city.
The city is headquarters to Agricultural Marketing Department. Agriculture Market Committee Market Yard, the largest chilly yard of Asia, generates an income of up to ₹100 crore (US$14 million) during trading season. The spiciest Guntur chillies are exported to foreign countries and in terms of trade the city stands second, next to Mexico. Commercial activities are concentrated mostly on outlets such as, cinema halls, malls, jewelry, fertilisers and Real Estate.
The city residents are referred as Gunturians or Gunturollu. Traditional drama and theatrical events also have their presence in the city. The city observes many festivals such as Rama Navami, Maha Sivaratri, Vinayaka Chavithi, Vijaya Dasami, Deepawali, Holi, Ugadi, Eid, Krishnastami, Christmas.
The South Indian breakfast varieties such as, Idli, Dosa, Puri, Vada etc., are preferred mostly. The Red chilli biryani is one of the native dish from the area. Guntur Sannam, a chilli variety was registered as one of the geographical indication from Andhra Pradesh under the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999.
The major commercial and residential areas in the city include the Arundelpet, Lakshmipuram and Brodipet.Koretapadu, Navabharath Nagar, Pattabhipuram, Shyamla Nagar and Vidya Nagar etc., are some of the other areas in the city. Autonagar, Gorantla, Peda Palakaluru, Nallapadu, Chennai to Kolkata Highway etc. are some of the other areas of the city.
The city has many parks, museums, temples, nature conservation sites, forts, resorts and caves. The Jinnah Tower is one of the iconic structure on Mahatma Gandhi Road, one of the important centre of the city. There are seventeen parks in the city with some of them maintained by the municipal corporation. Larger city parks like Nagara-Vanam are being developed on the outskirts of the city. There are many places to visit near by the city such as Uppalapadu Bird Sanctuary, Kondaveedu Fort etc.
The local transport preferred by the city commuters include, privately operated auto rickshaws, cabs, mini-buses and a few government run APSRTC buses in specified routes. The NTR bus station of the city operates suburban and long distance services. In the recent times, it has introduced city bus services to the nearby destinations of Phanidharam, Namburu, Yanamadala and Chebrolu. A new mini bus depot is being built in the premises of Main bus station to run city buses within the city and non stop buses to other areas. The Rail Vikas Bhavan at Pattabhipuram in the city is the headquarters of Guntur railway division. Guntur Junction and New Guntur railway stations of the city provides rail transport. While, Nallapadu and Perecherla railway stations serves as satellite stations. The Guntur railway station operates MEMU and local trains for the one lakh commuting population, including thousands of university students. Though there was a proposal to build a no frills airport for the city, the Vijayawada International Airport located at Gannavaram serves the air travel needs of the city commuters.
The city has a total road length of 853.00 km (530.03 mi). The Mahatma Gandhi Inner Ring Road is an arterial road with a stretch of 6.34 km (3.94 mi), that encircles the city with its start and end points on NH 16. The other arterial city roads include, the Grand Trunk Road, JKC College Road, Lakshmipuram Road, Pattabhipuram Road and Palakaluru Road etc. The city is connected to major destinations by National highways, State highways and district roads. National Highway 16 bypasses the city, which is also a part of Asian Highway 45 and Golden Quadrilateral. The State Highway 2 connects the city with Macherla and Hyderabad. A new Expressway is proposed connecting the city to Rayalaseema region with faster access. State Highway 48 with Bapatla and Chirala. The Guntur–Amaravati, Guntur–Nandivelugu and Guntur-Parchoor roads are the district roads connecting their respective destinations.
The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state. As per the school information report for the academic year 2015–16, the city limits (including the merged villages) have more than one lakh students enrolled in over 400 schools. The Central Board of Secondary Education, Secondary School Certificate or the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education are the different types of syllabus followed by different schools. The medium of instruction followed by schools are English, Telugu and Urdu. The public library system is supported by the government with the central library located at Arundalpet.
Government colleges and institutions include, Guntur Medical College, Government Junior College for Girls. There exists one residential college under APRJC, ten private aided, two co-operative and many private unaided colleges. Hindu College, A.C College are some of the older institutes in the city. JKC College, RVR & JC College of Engineering, Tellakula Jalayya Polisetty Somasundaram College (TJPS College), Government College for Women and St. Joseph's College of Education for Women are the autonomous colleges approved under Universities Grant Commission scheme. The Acharya N. G. Ranga Agricultural University at Lam village near the city is administered from Gorantla area of the city. Research centres related to different fields such as, Regional AGMARK laboratory, regional station of Central Tobacco Research Institute of Indian Council of Agricultural Research are also present. The city hosts many national, state level conferences and expos on many topics like economy, agriculture, technology etc.
As per the 58th annual report of Press India 2013–14, the major Telugu daily publications from Guntur are, Andhra Jyothy, Andhra Prabha, Eenadu, Sakshi, Suryaa, Telugu Jatiya Dinapatrika Vaartha. The English publications are, Deccan Chronicle, News Boom, The Fourth Voice, Views Observer.
Sporting infrastructure of the city include several venues for many sports such as, Brahmananda Reddy stadium for Tennis, Badminton, Volleyball, Athletics, Gymnastics, Swimming; NTR Municipal Indoor stadium for Table Tennis and Volleyball; and also other sports such as Boxing. It becomes the first state to get blue athletic track in India 
The city has hosted sporting events such as, All India Senior Tennis Association, All India Sub Junior Ranking Badminton Tournament, All India Invitation Volleyball Tournament, Ganta Sanjeeva Reddy Memorial Trophy, Inter-district Master Aquatic Championship etc. The city was also a host for Khelo India programme for junior level national sports.
International sports personalities from the city include: cricketer Ambati Rayudu; badminton player Srikanth Kidambi, who won the Super Series title in China and also finished as a quarter finalist at the 2016 Summer Olympics.
It is also a good education based city... It has quality educational institutions also
Amaravathi is a village in Guntur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located on the banks of Krishna River in Amaravathi mandal of Guntur revenue division. The village is a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region, located 35 km (22 mi) west of the foundation stone of Amaravathi laid at Uddandarayunipalem. Amaravati, the capital of Andhra Pradesh derives its name from the village. It is a heritage town and was the capital of the Satavahana Kingdom. Amaralingeswara temple in the village is a Pancharama Kshetra for the Hindus. It is also a historic Buddhist site, and the Amaravathi Mahachaitya stupa was built here between the 2nd century BCE and the 3rd century CE. There is also the Dhyana Buddha statue, a very large 21st-century Buddha statue in Dhyana posture. It is one of the sites for Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) scheme of Government of India.Guntur (Lok Sabha constituency)
Guntur (Lok Sabha constituency) is one of the 25 lok sabha constituencies of Andhra Pradesh in India and one among the three constituencies in the Guntur district of the state. It was constituted in 1989 and N.G.Ranga was the first member of parliament from the constituency and the present being Galla Jayadev , who won the 2014 lok sabha election representing Telugu Desam Party.Guntur East (Assembly constituency)
Guntur East (Assembly constituency) is a constituency of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly in India. It is one of 17 constituencies in the Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh and also one of the seven assembly segments of Guntur (Lok Sabha constituency). Earlier called as Guntur-I (Assembly Constituency), it has undergone some minor changes in the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008 and was named as Guntur East (Assembly Constituency) as per the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008. It covers Guntur mandal (Part), Guntur (M.Corp) (Part) and Guntur (M.Corp) - Ward No.7 to 23.Guntur Junction railway station
Guntur railway station (station code:GNT) is an Indian railway station in Guntur of Andhra Pradesh. It is situated on Krishna Canal-Guntur section of Guntur railway division in South Central Railway zone. It is 295th most busiest railway station in India.Guntur West (Assembly constituency)
Guntur West (Assembly constituency) is a constituency of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly in India. It is one of 17 constituencies in the Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh and also one of the seven assembly segments of Guntur (Lok Sabha constituency). Earlier called as Guntur-II (Assembly Constituency), it has undergone some minor changes in the Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008 and was named as Guntur West (Assembly Constituency). It covers Guntur mandal (Part), Guntur (M.Corp) (Part) and Guntur (M.Corp) - Ward No.1 to 6 and 24 to 28.Guntur district
Guntur district is an administrative district in the Coastal Andhra region of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The administrative seat of the district is located at Guntur, the largest city of the district in terms of area and population. It has a coastline of approximately 100 km and is situated on the right bank of Krishna River, that separates it from Krishna district and extends till it empties into the Bay of Bengal. It is bounded on the south by Prakasam district and on the west by the state of Telangana. It has an area of 11,391 km2 (4,398 sq mi) and is the 2nd most populous district in the state, with a population of 4,889,230 as per 2011 census of India.The district is often referred to as the Land of Chillies. It is also a major centre for agriculture, education and learning. It exports large quantities of chillies and tobacco. Amaravati, the proposed capital of Andhra Pradesh is situated in Guntur district, on the banks of River Krishna.Guntur railway division
Guntur Railway Division is one of the six divisions of the South Central Railway zone of Indian Railways. It was created in 1997 for better administration in the respective railway zone and became fully functional on 1 April 2003 with P.N Shukla as its first divisional manager. The headquarters of the Guntur division are located at Rail Vikas Bhavan in Guntur.Guntur–Krishna Canal section
The Guntur–Krishna Canal section is a section of Indian Railways. It connects Krishna Canal railway station with Guntur railway station and further, it also connects Howrah-Chennai main line at Krishna Canal, Guntur-Macherla section and Guntur-Tenali sections at Guntur Junction.Guntur–Tenali section
The Guntur–Tenali section connects Guntur and Tenali of Guntur district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It intersects Howrah-Chennai main line at Tenali. The branch line is an electrified single-track railway. The section is undergoing doubling and electrification.Gurazala (Assembly constituency)
Gurajala Assembly constituency is a constituency of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is one of 17 constituencies in the Guntur district.List of constituencies of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
The Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) currently has 175 constituencies out of which 29 constituencies are reserved for Scheduled Castes candidates and 7 constituencies are reserved for Scheduled tribes candidates.Macherla (Assembly constituency)
Macherla Assembly constituency is a constituency of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is one of 17 constituencies in the Guntur district.Mangalagiri
Mangalagiri is a town in Guntur district situated between the twin cities of Vijayawada and Guntur of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The town is the headquarters of Mangalagiri mandal under Guntur revenue division. It is a major suburb of the cities of Vijayawada and Guntur. It also forms a part of the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region. It is situated on National Highway 16 between Vijayawada and Guntur. The town was known to have existed since 225 B.C.. It is also a part of Andhra Pradesh Capital Region with a population of 73,613.Pagidipalli–Nallapadu section
The Pagidipalli (Bibinagar)–Nallapadu section is a non-electrified single track railway section in Guntur railway division of South Central Railway.Ponnur (Assembly constituency)
Ponnur Assembly constituency is a constituency of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is one of 17 constituencies in the Guntur district. It is part of the Guntur Lok Sabha constituency along with another six Vidhan Sabha segments, namely, Tadikonda, Mangalagiri, Tenali, Prathipadu, Guntur West, and Guntur East.Prathipadu (SC) (Assembly constituency)
Prathipadu Assembly constituency is a SC (Scheduled Caste) reserved constituency of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is one of 17 constituencies in the Guntur district.Sattenapalle (Assembly constituency)
Sattenapalle Assembly constituency is a constituency of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is one among 17 constituencies in the Guntur district.South Central Railway zone
The South Central Railway (abbreviated SCR and दमरे) is one of the 17 zones of Indian Railways. The jurisdiction of the zone is spread over the states of Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Telangana, and some portions of Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. It has six divisions under its administration, which include Guntakal, Guntur, Nanded, Secunderabad, Hyderabad, and Vijayawada.Vinukonda (Assembly constituency)
Vinukonda Assembly constituency is a constituency of the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is one of 17 constituencies in the Guntur district.