Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
|• Total||51.90 km2 (20.04 sq mi)|
|Elevation||432 m (1,417 ft)|
|• Density||2,400/km2 (6,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Guntakal is located at  It has an average elevation of 432 metres (1,417 ft)..
As per provisional data of 2011 census, Guntakal municipality had a population of 126,479, out of which males were 62,695 and females were 63,784. The literacy rate was 75.70 per cent. Telugu is the official and widely spoken language. Other languages includes Urdu, Hindi and Kannada
Guntakal is a mandal HQ (Mandal Code-5) in Anantapur District, AP. There are 19 villages in this mandal & the villages are: 1. Guntakal, 2. Thimmanacherla, 3. Kasapuram, 4. Sangala, 5. Dosaludiki, 6. Gundala, 7. Koganapalle, 8. Sankarabanda, 9. Obulapuram, 10 .Yerrathimmaraju Cheruvu, 11. Patha Kothachervu, 12. Ameenpalle, 13. Nakkanadoddi, 14. Thimmapuram, 15. Doni Mukkala, 16. Nelagonda, 17. Dancherla, 18. Nagasamudram and 19. Ayyavaripalli.
Guntakal is a town in Anantapur district in the South Western part of the state of Andhra Pradesh and 50 km away from Bellary, Karnataka, India. It has a population of 2,26,658 (2001 census). In the year 1963, experts have identified Guntakal station, the hub of Meter Gauge / Broad Gauge movements in several directions, as a natural and ideal location for the Guntakal Railway Division of South Central Railway. Now Guntakal has become entirely broad gauge with the gauge conversion of the Guntakal – Kallur section in 2009.
It also houses a railway diesel shed and is one of the most profitable divisions in Indian Railways. As of 2009 [update] India census, Guntakal had a population of 10,26,658 and it reaches almost twelve lakhs in the coming next year. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Guntakal has an average literacy rate of 65% higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 74%, and female literacy is 55%. In Guntakal 11% of the population is under six years of age. Guntakal is third most populated town after Anantapur & Hindupur. Guntakal is named after GUNTAKALLU [Kallu means stone in Kannada language]. Guntakal mainly constitutes people speaking Telugu and Kannada equally. Lord Anjaneya Swamy Temple (referred to as 'Nettikanti' Anjaneya Swamy Temple) is located very near to Guntakal Town (about 4 km away from Railway Station, at a place called as Kasapuram). People from across Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and other parts of South India visit the temple every day. The temple is maintained by the Endowment Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Not only as a railway station, it also has a relic of the Jain religion. At a distance of 6 km from Guntakal, Konakondla has Jambudweepachakra, known to be sculpted by Jain priests. In Guntakal, there is a tomb of a great Sufi saint named Mastan Vali. Large number of people visit this place irrespective of caste and religion. The church was built in 1880, named as St. Ann, renovated in the year 2002, and renamed as Our Lady of Health. This architectural masterpiece is a must visit. Every year a grand birthday celebration of Mother Mary is being conducted from 29th August to 8th September, which draws many devotees of all religions and from other states. One has to visit the "Buggasangala Sivalayam" very near to Kasapuram.
Sri Venkateswara Temple: Established in the year 2002. This temple construction is similar to the Tirumala temple. This temple is situated in Rajendra Nagar, 3 km from the Guntakal station. A lovely dhyan mandir constructed below ground level attracts many devotees during Bhajan and prayer session.
The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Guntakal bus station. The National Highway 63 passes through the town. State Highway 26 connects Guntakal with Uravakonda.
Guntakal is a 5 point junction and divisional HQ since from 1953 and is one of the most profitable division in Indian Railways. It has lines branching out to Mumbai, Vascodagama, Howrah, Bangalore and Chennai. It is the second largest division in SCR in route km. It is an 'A' category railway station and numerous trains pass through it daily. Starting from Rajadhani express to Duronto express, all the trains stop at Guntakal and it is a serving station for Bellary. Diesel Loco Shed, Guntakal & Electric Loco Shed is located near by railway station
The primary and secondary school education is imparted by the government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.Among private school vignan english medium is famous which was established in 2002  The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.