Location in Jharkhand, India
|Elevation||652 m (2,139 ft)|
|• Total||1.9 million|
|• Density||197/km2 (510/sq mi)|
|• Official||Hindi, English|
|• Other important||urdu|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Gumla began as a hamlet. A week-long "Cow Fair" (Gau-Mela) took place every year, where items in daily use (utensils, ornaments, grain and sometimes cattle) were sold or bartered. Since these items were only available at the fair, people would keep lists during the year of what they needed. The hamlet's population grew, and it became a village named "Gumla" (a derivative of Gau–Mela).
During British rule in India Gumla was in Lohardaga district, and in 1800 there was a revolt against the Raj. In 1807, the Oraons of Barway (west of Gumla) murdered their landlord from Srinagar, and the uprising spread throughout Gumla. In 1843, Gumla became part of Bishunpur province. The province, which was abolished in 1899, was later named Ranchi; in 1902, Gumla became a subdivision of Ranchi district.
During the medieval era, the Chhotanagpur region was ruled by the kings of the Naga dynasty and Baraik Devenandan Singh ruled the Gumla region. During the Kolh Reble in 1931–32, Vaktar Say reportedly played a prominent role. Ganga Maharaj, who built the Kali Temple at Sri Ramnagar, was active in the Quit India Movement in 1942; for his contribution to Indian independence, he received a pension from the government.
Gumla has a temperate, sub-tropical climate, with an average high of 40 °C (104 °F) in summer and an average low of 3 °C (37 °F) in winter. Average annual rainfall is about 1,450 millimetres (57 inches).
As of 2001, Gumla had a population of 104,600, with males constituting 52 percent and females 48 percent. Gumla had an average literacy rate of 75 percent, higher than the national average of 59.5 percent: male literacy was 80 percent, and female literacy 70 percent. Fifteen percent of the population was under six years of age. Major languages spoken in the region are Nagpuri (or Sadri), Hindi, Oriya, Bihari and Kurukh.
Gumla is connected to Ranchi and Simdega via NH – 43. It is connected via State Highways to Lohardaga, Latehar, Daltonganj and other major towns of the State.
It is connected to the State of Chhattisgarh via NH-78.
Union Minister of Road Transport, Highways and Shipping, Nitin Gadkari will soon lay the foundation of the much awaited Gumla bypass project. A total 12.6-kilometre-long (7.8 mi) road shall connect Silam village on NH-78 under Raidih block to Dhodhra village in Gumla block on NH - 23. The work is expected to start by 2018.
Pokla railway station is the only Indian Railways station in the District of Gumla , the other stations in proximity being Bano, Govindpur Road, Tori, Latehar, Orga and Mccluskieganj.
In 1986, Rakesh Popli and his wife, Rama (an expert in childhood education), founded the first Ekal Vidyalaya (one-teacher) schools to bring education to the tribes of the region. From 2018, Deptt. of Higher and Technical Education, Govt. of Jharkhand is going to start Polytechnic College "Gumla Polytechnic".The Polytechnic college will be run and manage under "PPP" Mode by Gumla Educational Foundation.
Three colleges under Ranchi University:
Schools in Gumla include:
St. Ignatius School, founded in 1935 and administered by the Jesuits, has produced international-level hockey players.
The Karma festival rotates from village to village. It is divided into three parts: Raj karma, Budhui karma and Padda karma. Raj karma is celebrated by the entire community; Budhi karma is celebrated by old women in June to summon the rain god. Padda karma is celebrated by the entire village.
Sarhul, an Oraon festival, is known for its dance. Dancers form a circle, with musicians playing traditional instruments inside it. Men wear a white dhoti with a red border and women wear a white sari with a red border. In the bheja dance, dozens of young boys and girls form a chain by clasping hands. The dance has a variety of postures, with melodious traditional music and rhythmic songs.
Lance Naik Albert Ekka, PVC (27 December 1942 – 3 December 1971) was a soldier in the Indian Army. He was killed in action in the battle of Hilli, during the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971. He was posthumously awarded the Param Vir Chakra, India's highest award for valour in the face of the enemy.Basia block
Basia is a subdivision and block, one of the twelve administrative community development block of Gumla district in the Indian state of Jharkhand, has a population (1991 census) of 59,626. The block comprises eighty-eight villages. This small town is 103km away from Ranchi and 43km away from Gumla. One of the best eye catching picnic spot named Baghmunda is situated here and the river South Koel flows from this area.Bharno block
Bharno block, one of the eleven administrative community development block of Gumla district, Jharkhand state, India, has a population (2001 census) of 78,050. The block comprises sixty-nine villages.Bharno is almost developed place and in all fields it is parallel with the other towns. Basically Bharno is popular in the field of cricket.Birhor language
The Birhor language is a highly endangered Munda language spoken by the Birhor people in Chhattisgarh, Odisha, West Bengal, and Maharashtra states in India.According to Vidyarthi (1960:519), the Birhor are found mostly in Chota Nagpur and Santhal Paragana, with the Uthlu Birhors living near Bishunpur, Gumla district, Jharkhand (along the western border with Chhattisgarh).Bishunpur block
Bishunpur block, one of the eleven administrative community development block of Gumla district, Jharkhand state, India, has a population (1991 census) of 41,700. The block comprises sixty-eight villages.Chainpur block, Gumla
Chainpur block, one of the eleven administrative blocks of Gumla district, Jharkhand state, India, has a population (1991 census) of 44,573. The block comprises eighty-three villages.Lies bordered with Chhattisgarh, also is on the way to reach Tanginath Shrine. Lies within it are many historical places like Raja Dera and similars.Lance Naik Albert Ekka, Param Vir Chakra, was born in village Jari of Chainpur Block.Dumri, Gumla
Dumri (Hindi: डूमरि) is a community development block in Gumla district in the Indian state of Jharkhand.Ghaghra block
Ghaghra block, one of the eleven administrative blocks of Gumla district, Jharkhand state, India, has a population (1991 census) of 75,056. The block comprises one hundred and twenty villages.Gumla (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
Gumla (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is an assembly constituency in the Indian state of Jharkhand.Gumla block
Gumla block, one of the eleven administrative blocks of Gumla district, Jharkhand state, India, has a population (1991 census) of 104,547. The block comprises one hundred and eight villages.Gumla district
Gumla district is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state, India, and Gumla town is the administrative headquarters of this district.Gunla
Gunlā (Nepal Bhasa: गुंला) (also spelt Gumlā) is the tenth month in the Nepal Sambat lunar calendar, the national lunar calendar of Nepal. It corresponds to August of the Gregorian Calendar.
Gunla is a holy month for Newar Buddhists when they recite the scriptures, observe fasts and visit places of worship playing devotional music. It is one of the most important events in Newar Buddhism. The practice of observing the sacred month is descended from the rains retreat dating from the Buddha's time when monks stayed in one place and taught the Dharma.Kamdara block
Kamdara block, one of the eleven administrative blocks of Gumla district, Jharkhand state, India, has a population (1991 census) of 59,626. The block comprises seventy-three villages.Lohardaga (Lok Sabha constituency)
Lohardaga Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 14 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Jharkhand state in eastern India. Presently this constituency is reserved for the candidates belonging to the Scheduled tribes. This constituency covers the entire Gumla and Lohardaga districts and part of Ranchi district.North Karo River
The North Karo River (Hindi: ऊत्त्तरि कारो नदी) drains the Indian state of Jharkhand.
It originates on the Ranchi Plateau. It forms a 17-metre (56 ft) high scarp falls, Pheruaghaugh, at the southern margin of the Ranchi plateau. It drains the Gumla, Ranchi and West Singhbhum districts. It joins the South Koel near Serengda. The meandering valley of the Karo river, downstream from Pheruaghaugh falls is a typical example of an incised meander.Raidih block
Raidih block, one of the eleven administrative blocks of Gumla district, Jharkhand state, India, has a population (1991 census) of 55,641. The block comprises sixty-one villages.Sadni Falls
Sadni Falls (also called Sadnighagh Falls) is a waterfall located about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from Rajadera village in Gumla district in the Indian state of Jharkhand.Sisai block
Sisai block, one of the eleven administrative blocks of Gumla district, Jharkhand state, India, has a population (2011 census) of 116,844. The block comprises eighty-seven villages.South Chotanagpur division
South Chotanagpur division is one of the five divisions in the Indian state of Jharkhand. The division comprises the following districts: Gumla district, Khunti district, Lohardaga district, Ranchi district and Simdega district.