Gulyás (herdsman)

The gulyás is the traditional mounted cattle-herdsman of Hungary.[1] The gulyás tradition is associated with the Hungarian puszta and with the Hungarian Grey or Hungarian Steppe breed of Podolic cattle, Hungarian: Magyar szürke szarvasmarha, now considered a meat breed but formerly used as oxen.[1] Gulyás is the origin of the word goulash.

Gulyás by Sterio Károly (1821–1862)
Mangalitsa (Paleo) Festival - Budapest, 2013 (13)
Hungarian herdsman in traditional clothes

See also


  1. ^ a b Royal Commission for the Vienna Universal Exhibition of 1873 (1874) Reports on the Vienna Universal Exhibition of 1873: presented to both Houses of Parliament by command of Her Majesty London: G.E. Eyre and W. Spottiswoode for H.M. Stationery Office, Volume 4, pp.313–314

The betyárs (Hungarian: betyár (singular) or betyárok (plural)), were the highwaymen of the 19th century Kingdom of Hungary. The "betyár" word is the Hungarian version of "Social Bandit". (The word itself is of Ottoman Turkish origin:"bekar" means 'bachelor' or 'unmarried man' in Turkish.)

Several betyárs have become legendary figures who in the public mind fought for social justice. The most famous Hungarian betyárs were Sándor Rózsa from the Great Hungarian Plain, Jóska Sobri, Jóska Savanyú from Bakony and Márton Vidróczky from Mátra.


The csikós is the mounted horse-herdsman of Hungary. The csikós tradition is closely associated with the Hungarian puszta, in recent times particularly in the environs of Debrecen and Hortobágy National Park. It is also closely linked to the Nonius breed of horse, for which one of the two principal breeding centres is the Máta Stud, some 3 kilometres from Hortobágy.


Gulyás may refer to:

Gulyás (herdsman), a Hungarian cattle-herdsman

Goulash, a Hungarian soup or stew

Gulyásleves, a Hungarian soup

National symbols of Hungary

The national symbols of Hungary are flags, icons or cultural expressions that are emblematic, representative or otherwise characteristic of Hungary or Hungarian culture. The highly valued special Hungarian products and symbols are called Hungaricum.

Mounted stock herders
Equine science and
and sport
Evolution and history
Horse breeds, types
and other Equidae

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