This district is situated in northern Karnataka between 76°.04' and 77°.42 east longitude, and 17°.12' and 17°.46' north latitude, covering an area of 10,951 km². This district is bounded on the west by Bijapur district and Solapur district of Maharashtra state, on the north by Bidar district, Osmanabad district and Latur districtof Maharashtra state, on the south by Yadgir district, and on the east by Ranga Reddy district and Medak district of Telangana state.
Location in Karnataka
|• Deputy Commissioner||Venkatesh Kumar, IAS|
|• Total||10,951 km2 (4,228 sq mi)|
|Elevation||454 m (1,490 ft)|
|• Density||230/km2 (610/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||91 8472|
|No. of taluks||11|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Gulbarga (Lok Sabha constituency)|
|Precipitation||777 millimetres (30.6 in)|
|Avg. summer temperature||42 °C (108 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||26 °C (79 °F)|
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Gulbarga one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the five districts in Karnataka currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Gulbarga is situated in Deccan Plateau located at  and the general elevation ranges from 300 to 750 meters above mean sea level. Two main rivers, Krishna and Bhima, flow in the district. Black soil is predominant soil type in the district. The district has a large number of tanks which, in addition to the rivers, irrigate the land. The Upper Krishna Project is major irrigation venture in the district. Bajra, toor, sugarcane, groundnut, sunflower, sesame, castor bean, black gram, jowar, wheat, cotton, ragi, Bengal gram, and linseed are grown in this district.
According to the 2011 census Gulbarga district has a population of 2,564,892, roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait or the US state of Nevada. This gives it a ranking of 162nd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 233 inhabitants per square kilometre (600/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.94%. Gulbarga has a sex ratio of 962 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 65.65%.
1. Gulnar K. Bosch, Islamic Art and Architecture, The New Book of Knowledge, Vol. 9P 354
2. Elisabeth Siddiqui, Islamic Art, Colorado State University.
3. Dept. of Islamic Art, The nature of Islamic art, "Intleilbrunn Timeline of Art History", The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2000.
4. Linda Komaroff Ph.D., Curator of Islamic Art, Los Angeles County Museum of Art.
5. Gulam Yazdani, Bidar its History and Monuments, published by His Exalted Highness Nizam’s Government, 1947 and reprint First Indian Edition by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, Delhi in 1995.
6. Dr. Rehaman Patel, Bidri Art of Karnataka-A Study, Ph.D. Thesis submitted to Gulbarga University in 2009. published by Dept. of Kannada and Culture, Bangalore 2012
7. Dr. Rehaman Patel, Islamic Art of North Karnataka, Young Muslim Digest, May 2015
8. World's longest cannon lays unnoticed in Gulbarga fort, The New Indian Express, 3,12,2016