Gulbarga district

Kalaburagi district, previously known as Gulbarga district,[1] is one of the 30 districts of Karnataka state in southern India. Gulbarga city is the administrative headquarters of the district.[2]

This district is situated in northern Karnataka between 76°.04' and 77°.42 east longitude, and 17°.12' and 17°.46' north latitude, covering an area of 10,951 km². This district is bounded on the west by Bijapur district and Solapur district of Maharashtra state, on the north by Bidar district, Osmanabad district and Latur districtof Maharashtra state, on the south by Yadgir district, and on the east by Ranga Reddy district and Medak district of Telangana state.

Gulbarga district
district
Gulbarga district
Buddha Vihar, Gulbarga
Location in Karnataka
Location in Karnataka
Coordinates: 17°20′N 76°50′E / 17.33°N 76.83°ECoordinates: 17°20′N 76°50′E / 17.33°N 76.83°E
Country India
StateKarnataka
RegionHyderabad-Karnataka
DivisionGulbarga Division
HeadquartersGulbarga
Government
 • Deputy CommissionerVenkatesh Kumar, IAS
Area
'
 • Total10,951 km2 (4,228 sq mi)
Elevation
454 m (1,490 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total2,564,892
 • Density230/km2 (610/sq mi)
Language
 • OfficialKannada,
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
585101
Telephone code91 8472
Vehicle registrationKA-32
No. of taluks11
Lok Sabha constituencyGulbarga (Lok Sabha constituency)
Precipitation777 millimetres (30.6 in)
Avg. summer temperature42 °C (108 °F)
Avg. winter temperature26 °C (79 °F)
Websitekalaburagi.nic.in
†website

Economy

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Gulbarga one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[3] It is one of the five districts in Karnataka currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[3]

Places of interest

Historical places

  • Sannati, a small village, located on the banks of the Bhima River in Chitapur taluk is known for its Ashokan edicts, Buddhist stupa and sole surviving image of Emperor Ashoka (r. 274–232 BC) himself.[4]
  • Manyakheta, a village located on the banks of the Kagina river in Sedam taluk was the Capital city of the Rashtrakuta dynasty. This village is 40 km southeast to the District Headquarters Gulbarga and 18 km west to the Taluk Headquarters Sedam.
  • Gulbarga Fort built in 1347 Gulbarga's old moated fort is in a much deteriorated state, but it has a number of interesting buildings inside, including the Jama Masjid, reputed to have been built by a Moorish architect during the late 14th or early 15th century who imitated the great mosque in Cordoba, Spain.[5] The mosque is unique in India, with a huge dome covering the whole area, four smaller ones at the corners, and 75 smaller still all the way around. The fort itself has 15 towers. Gulbarga also has a number of imposing tombs(Haft Gumbaz) of Bahmani kings.

Geography

Gulbarga is situated in Deccan Plateau located at 17°20′N 76°50′E / 17.33°N 76.83°E[6] and the general elevation ranges from 300 to 750 meters above mean sea level. Two main rivers, Krishna and Bhima, flow in the district. Black soil is predominant soil type in the district. The district has a large number of tanks which, in addition to the rivers, irrigate the land. The Upper Krishna Project is major irrigation venture in the district. Bajra, toor, sugarcane, groundnut, sunflower, sesame, castor bean, black gram, jowar, wheat, cotton, ragi, Bengal gram, and linseed are grown in this district.[7]

Divisions

Gulbarga district presently comprises the following 11 talukas after the separation of Yadgir district from it.[8]

  1. Gulbarga
  2. Aland
  3. Afzalpur
  4. Jevargi
  5. Sedam
  6. Shahabad
  7. Kalgi
  8. Kamalapur
  9. Chitapur
  10. Chincholi
  11. Yedrami

Demographics

Religion in Gulbarga District (2011)[9]

  Hinduism (78.36%)
  Islam (19.99%)
  Christianity (0.33%)
  Jainism (0.19%)
  Buddhism (0.37%)
  Sikhism (0.03%)
  Other (0.02%)
  Not religious (0.71%)

According to the 2011 census Gulbarga district has a population of 2,564,892,[10] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[11] or the US state of Nevada.[12] This gives it a ranking of 162nd in India (out of a total of 640).[10] The district has a population density of 233 inhabitants per square kilometre (600/sq mi).[10] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.94%.[10] Gulbarga has a sex ratio of 962 females for every 1000 males,[10] and a literacy rate of 65.65%.[10]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Gulbarga city name changed". indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
  2. ^ "City of tombs and domes". The Hindu. Karnataka, India. April 4, 2011.
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  4. ^ "When I met Emperor Ashoka in Sannathi". Yahoo.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-11-20. Retrieved 2010-06-17.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Gulbarga
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ http://www.deccanherald.com/content/21801/yadgir-district-oct-31.html
  9. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/data/religion/district/256-gulbarga.html
  10. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. 2011. Archived from the original on 23 December 2011.
  11. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Kuwait 2,595,62
  12. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Nevada 2,700,551

References

1. Gulnar K. Bosch, Islamic Art and Architecture, The New Book of Knowledge, Vol. 9P 354

2. Elisabeth Siddiqui, Islamic Art, Colorado State University.

3. Dept. of Islamic Art, The nature of Islamic art, "Intleilbrunn Timeline of Art History", The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 2000.

4. Linda Komaroff Ph.D., Curator of Islamic Art, Los Angeles County Museum of Art.

5. Gulam Yazdani, Bidar its History and Monuments, published by His Exalted Highness Nizam’s Government, 1947 and reprint First Indian Edition by Motilal Banarsidass Publishers, Delhi in 1995.

6. Dr. Rehaman Patel, Bidri Art of Karnataka-A Study, Ph.D. Thesis submitted to Gulbarga University in 2009. published by Dept. of Kannada and Culture, Bangalore 2012

7. Dr. Rehaman Patel, Islamic Art of North Karnataka, Young Muslim Digest, May 2015

8. World's longest cannon lays unnoticed in Gulbarga fort, The New Indian Express, 3,12,2016

External links

Amarja

The Amarja is a river which flows in Kalaburagi District, Karnataka, India. It is born at Koralli and flows up to 50–60 kilometres and will merge into the Bhima River at Sangama Kshetra Ganagapura village in Gulbarga District. Sangam Kshetra is a meeting (Sangama)point of the Bhima and Amarja rivers. The water of these rivers, especially at their confluence, called Sangam, are considered extremely holy. Those who bathe in Sangam will be freed from their sins, and their wishes will be fulfilled. There is a temple in Sangam in which Shree Narasimha Saraswati Swamy (The second incarnation of Lord Dattatreya) regularly bathed.

Bhognalli

Bhognalli is a village situated in the Deccan Plateau of India. It is 2 km off the state highway SH22 in the Gulbarga district of Karnataka, it is connected by road to the neighbouring villages of Shinur and Ankalga. Afzalpur is 14 km by road and Solapur is around 100 km away. The population is 1,308.

Chincholi

Chincholi is a panchayat town and a taluka in Gulbarga district in the state of Karnataka, India.chincholi is called as land of forest,in the gulbarga district only the chincholi has more forest compare to other talukas.And have a chincholi wildlife sanctuary, where animals are conserved. In the chincholi there are two dams present namely,chandrampalli &nagaral dam.

Chitapur

Chitapur or Chittapur is a City and Taluk in Gulbarga District in the state of Karnataka, India. It is also the headquarters of the Chittapur taluk. It is famous for polished stones and toor dal.

Chittapur railway station

Chittapur railway station , (station code:CT) is an Indian Railways Train station located in Chitapur, Kalaburagi in the Indian state of Karnataka and serves Chitapur area. It is located on the Begumpet-Wadi line of Secunderabad railway division in South Central Railway zone.

Gulbarga (Lok Sabha constituency)

Gulbarga Lok Sabha constituency (Kannada: ಗುಲ್ಬರ್ಗ ಲೋಕ ಸಭೆ ಚುನಾವಣಾ ಕ್ಷೇತ್ರ) is one of the 28 Lok Sabha constituencies in Karnataka state in southern India. This constituency was created before the first general elections in 1951.

Gulbarga Airport

Kalaburagi Airport is a greenfield airport built to serve Kalaburagi in Karnataka, India. The project site is 15 km east of the city on State Highway 10 (Sedam Road) near Srinivas Saradagi village. The total length of the airfield is 7.5 km. A trial landing was done successfully on 26 August 2018. It is India's 10th and Karnataka's 2nd longest runway.

The airport is built by the Karnataka State Public Works Department (PWD) with technical assistance from RITES Limited.

The Rs. 120 crore project was initially scheduled be built under Public–private partnership (PPP) with the Government of Karnataka (GoK) However, due to delays in project execution, the contract was terminated in January 2015 and the State Government decided to complete the remaining work through its own Public Works Department.

Gulbarga University

Gulbarga University is a public university located in Kalburagi, Karnataka, India. Its jurisdiction extends to the four districts of Gulbarga District, Bidar District, Raichur District, and Yadgir District of Karnataka. It has more than 37 teaching departments and 4 research centres and also acts as an affiliating university.

Ingalgi

Ingalgi is a village in the southern state of Karnataka, India. It is located in the Chitapur taluk of Gulbarga district in Karnataka.

Jama Mosque Gulbarga

Jama Masjid Gulbarga is Mosque located in Gulbarga City, Karnataka, India.

It is regarded as one of the best examples of mosque architecture in South Asia. The arches design of Jama Masjid Gulbarga reflects in the interiors of Spanish Mosque of Hyderabad, India. These are only two mosques in India which have interiors similar to the Great Cathedral–Mosque of Córdoba in Spain.

Kadaganchi

Kadaganchi (Kannada: ಕಡಗಂಚಿ) is a village in Aland taluk, Gulbarga district in the Indian state of Karnataka. It has a primary health center, a branch of the State Bank of India.

Karajagi

Karajagi is a village in jath, in the state of Maharashtra]], India. It is located in the [jath]] taluk of sangli district.

Kiranagi

Kiranagi is a village in the southern state of Karnataka, India. It is located in the Gulbarga taluk of Gulbarga district in Karnataka.

It is said that during the Indo-China war in 1962, the then Karnataka chief minister Veerendra Patil (1924-1997) visited Kirangi village in Gulbarga district in a Statewide campaign for raising funds for the government. Hearing about the cause, the villagers of Kirangi reacted with a surge of patriotism and mobilised more than 100 tolas of gold within an hour and handed over the donation to Patil. The chief minister was astounded by the prosperity of the village and the large-heartedness of the community. He immediately gave Kirangi a new name: Honna Kirangi (Honnu meaning gold).

Large tracts of land surrounding Honna Kirangi; acres and acres of rich, black soil seemed to touch the horizon. The beauty of Honna Kirangi lies in its colourful but sturdy buildings and hospitable people. At first glance, the visitor is struck by the varied colours on the walls of many residential buildings. Use of Shahabad stone slabs for both flooring and roofing adds its own charm. Thanks to the ideal weight, texture and colour, the stone lends grace and solidity to these rural homes. Even the streets are cobbled and in some places, Honna Kirangi could probably match the looks of a tiny European rural hamlet!. There are many striking features of Honna Kirangi’s homes but the one which stands out is the ornate entrance doors and the pair of horses which adorn their sides. In the good old days, many homes had real, graceful horses which were not only status symbols but also means of transport.

Kodli

Kodli is a village in the southern state of Karnataka, India It is located in the Chincholi taluk of Gulbarga district in Karnataka.

Kupnoor

Kupnoor (Kannada: ಕುಪನೂರ) is a village in Chincholi Taluk in Gulbarga District of Karnataka State, India. It comes under Kupnoor Panchayath and belongs to Gulbarga Division . It is located 74 km towards East from District head quarters Gulbarga and 585 km from State capital Bangalore.

List of Monuments of National Importance in Gulbarga district

The following structures in Gulbarga district have been designated as Monuments of National Importance by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).

Motakpalli

Motakpalli is a village in Gulbarga district, Karnataka, India. It is one of the pilgrimage place of Lord Hanuman.

Shahabad railway station

Shahabad railway station (Station code: SDB) is located in Kalaburagi district in the Indian state of Karnataka and serves

Shahabad, Gulbarga. It is a station where the Wadi-Secunderabad line meets the Mumbai-Chennai line. Shahabad has 3 platforms.

Sharana Basaveshwara Temple

Sharana Basaveshwara Temple is a shrine at Kalburgi (Gulbarga), an ancient town in the north-eastern part of Karnataka.

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