Guizhou (贵州; formerly romanised as Kweichow), is a province of the People's Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. Its capital city is Guiyang. Guizhou is a relatively poor and economically undeveloped province, but rich in natural, cultural and environmental resources. Demographically it is one of China's most diverse provinces. Minority groups such as the Miao/Hmong and Yao account for more than 37% of the population.

Guizhou Province

Name transcription(s)
 • Chinese贵州省 (Guìzhōu Shěng)
Map showing the location of Guizhou Province
Map showing the location of Guizhou Province
Coordinates: 26°50′N 106°50′E / 26.833°N 106.833°ECoordinates: 26°50′N 106°50′E / 26.833°N 106.833°E
Named forGui - Gui Mountains
zhou (prefecture)
(and largest city)
Divisions9 prefectures, 88 counties, 1539 townships
 • SecretarySun Zhigang
 • GovernorShen Yiqin
 • Total176,167 km2 (68,018 sq mi)
Area rank16th
Highest elevation
2,900 m (9,500 ft)
 • Total34,746,468
 • Rank19th
 • Density200/km2 (510/sq mi)
 • Density rank18th
 • Ethnic compositionHan - 62%
Miao - 12%
Buyei - 8%
Dong - 5%
Tujia - 4%
Yi - 2%
Undistinguished - 2%
Gelao - 2%
Sui - 1%
 • Languages and dialectsSouthwestern Mandarin
ISO 3166 codeCN-GZ
GDP (2017 [3])CNY 1.35 trillion
USD 200.55 billion (25th)
 • per capitaCNY 37,956
USD 5,622 (29st)
HDI (2010)0.598[4] (medium) (30th)
(Simplified Chinese)
Guizhou (Chinese characters)
"Guizhou" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Hanyu PinyinGuìzhōu
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinGuìzhōu
Bopomofoㄍㄨㄟˋ   ㄓㄡ
Gwoyeu RomatzyhGueyjou
Yale RomanizationGwèijōu
Yue: Cantonese
Yale RomanizationGwaijàu or Gwaijāu
IPA[kʷɐ̄i.tsɐ̂u] or [kʷɐ̄i.tsɐ́u]
Southern Min
Hokkien POJKùi-chiu


The area was first organized as an administrative region of a Chinese empire under the Tang, when it was named Juzhou (矩州), pronounced Kjú-jyuw in the Middle Chinese of the period.[5] During the Mongolian Yuan dynasty, the character (ju, "carpenter's square") was changed to the more refined (gui, "precious or expensive").[5] The region formally became a province in 1413, with an eponymous capital then also called "Guizhou" but now known as Guiyang.[5] Another single-character abbreviation is "" (pinyin: Qián).


Guizhou in 1655.

Evidence of settlement by humans during the Middle Palaeolithic is indicated by stone artefacts, including Levallois pieces, found during archaeological excavations at Guanyindong Cave. These artefacts have been dated to approximately 170,000–80,000 years ago using optically stimulated luminescence methods.[6]

From around 1046 BCE to the emergence of the Qin Dynasty, northwest Guizhou was part of the State of Shu.[7] During the Warring States period, the Chinese state of Chu conquered the area, and control later passed to the Dian Kingdom. During the Chinese Han Dynasty (206 BCE–220 CE), to which the Dian was tributary, Guizhou was home to the Yelang collection of tribes, which largely governed themselves before the Han consolidated control in the southwest and established the Lingnan province.[7] During the Three Kingdoms period, parts of Guizhou were governed by the Shu Han state based in Sichuan, followed by Cao Wei (220–265) and the Jin Dynasty (265–420).[7]

During the 8th and 9th centuries in the Tang Dynasty, Chinese soldiers moved into Guizhou (Kweichow) and married native women. Their descendants are known as Lǎohànrén (老汉人), in contrast to new Chinese who populated Guizhou at later times. They still speak an archaic dialect.[8] Many immigrants to Guizhou were descended from these soldiers in garrisons who married these pre-Chinese women.[9]

Kublai Khan and Möngke Khan conquered the Chinese southwest in the process of defeating the Song during the Mongol invasion of China, and the newly established Yuan Dynasty (1279–1368) saw the importation of Chinese Muslim administrators and settlers from Bukhara in Central Asia.[7]

It was during the following Ming Dynasty, which was once again led by Han Chinese, that Guizhou was formally made a province in 1413. The Ming established many garrisons in Guizhou from which to pacify the Yao and Miao minorities during the Miao Rebellions.[7] Chinese-style agriculture flourished with the expertise of farmers from Sichuan, Hunan and its surrounding provinces into Guizhou. Wu Sangui was responsible for the ousting the Ming in Guizhou and Yunnan during the Manchu conquest of China. During the governorship-general of the Qing Dynasty's nobleman Ortai, the tusi system of indirect governance of the southwest was abolished, prompting rebellions from disenfranchised chieftains and the further centralization of government. After the Second Opium War, criminal triads set up shop in Guangxi and Guizhou to sell British opium. For a time, Taiping Rebels took control of Guizhou, but they were ultimately suppressed by the Qing.[7] Concurrently, Han Chinese soldiers moved into the Taijiang region of Guizhou, married Miao women, and their children were brought up as Miao.[10][11]

More unsuccessful Miao rebellions occurred during the Qing, in 1735, from 1795–1806[12] and from 1854–1873.[13] After the overthrow of the Qing in 1911 and following Chinese Civil War, the Communists took refuge in Guizhou during the Long March (1934–1935).[7] While the province was formally ruled by the Guomindang warlord Wang Jialie, the Zunyi Conference in Guizhou established Mao Zedong as the leader of the Communist Party. As the Second Sino-Japanese War pushed China's Nationalist Government to its southwest base of Chongqing, transportation infrastructure improved as Guizhou was linked with the Burma Road.[14] After the end of the War, a 1949 Revolution swept Mao into power, who promoted the relocation of heavy industry into inland provinces such as Guizhou, to better protect them from Soviet and American attacks. After the Chinese economic reform began in 1978, geographical factors led Guizhou to become the poorest province in China, with a GDP growth average of 9 percent from 1978–1993.[14]


Bouyei minority Shitou village, west Guizhou (near Longgong caves), China.

Guizhou is a mountainous province, although its higher altitudes are in the west and centre. It lies at the eastern end of the Yungui Plateau.[15] At 2,900 m (9,514 ft) meters above sea level, Jiucaiping is Guizhou's highest point.[16]

Guizhou has a humid subtropical climate. There are few seasonal changes. Its annual average temperature is roughly 10 to 20 °C, with January temperatures ranging from 1 to 10 °C and July temperatures ranging from 17 to 28 °C.

Like in China's other southwest provinces, rural areas of Guizhou suffered severe drought during spring 2010. One of China's poorest provinces, Guizhou is experiencing serious environmental problems, such as desertification and persistent water shortages. On 3–5 April 2010, China's Premier Wen Jiabao went on a three-day inspection tour in the southwest drought-affected province of Guizhou, where he met villagers and called on agricultural scientists to develop drought-resistant technologies for the area.[17]


The border mountains of Guizhou, Guangxi, and Hunan have been identified as one of the eight plant diversity hotspots in China. The main ecosystem types include evergreen broad-leaved forest, coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest, and montane elfin forest. Plant species endemic to this region include Abies ziyuanensis, Cathaya argyrophylla, and Keteleeria pubescens.[18] In broad terms, the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau is one of the vertebrate diversity hotspots of China. At the level of counties, Xingyi is one of nine Chinese vertebrate diversity (excluding birds) hotspots.[19] Animals only known from Guizhou include Leishan moustache toad, Kuankuoshui salamander, Shuicheng salamander, Guizhou salamander, and Zhijin warty newt.

Caohai Lake with its surroundings is a wetland that is an important overwintering site for many birds. It is a National Nature Reserve and an Important Bird Area identified by BirdLife International.[20]

Administrative divisions

Townsips map guizhou
townships map guizhou

Guizhou is divided into nine prefecture-level divisions: six prefecture-level cities and three autonomous prefectures:

Administrative divisions of Guizhou
Guizhou prfc map

     Prefecture-level city district areas      County-level cities

Division code[21] Division Area in km2[22] Population 2010[23] Seat Divisions[24]
Districts* Counties Aut. counties CL cities
  520000 Guizhou Province 176167.00 34,746,468 Guiyang city 16 52 11 9
6 520100 Guiyang city 8,046.67 4,324,561 Guanshanhu District 6 3 1
4 520200 Liupanshui city 9,965.37 2,851,180 Zhongshan District 2 1 1
2 520300 Zunyi city 30,780.73 6,127,009 Huichuan District 3 7 2 2
5 520400 Anshun city 9,253.06 2,297,339 Xixiu District 2 1 3
1 520500 Bijie city 26,844.45 6,536,370 Qixingguan District 1 6 1
3 520600 Tongren city 18,006.41 3,092,365 Bijiang District 2 4 4
7 522300 Qianxinan Aut. Prefecture 16,785.93 2,805,857 Xingyi city 6 2
9 522600 Qiandongnan Aut. Prefecture 30,278.06 3,480,626 Kaili city 15 1
8 522700 Qiannan Aut. Prefecture 26,191.78 3,231,161 Duyun city 9 1 2
* - including Special district
Administrative divisions in Chinese and varieties of romanizations
English Chinese Pinyin
Guizhou Province 贵州省 Guìzhōu Shěng
Guiyang city 贵阳市 Guìyáng Shì
Liupanshui city 六盘水市 Liùpánshuǐ Shì
Zunyi city 遵义市 Zūnyì Shì
Anshun city 安顺市 Ānshùn Shì
Bijie city 毕节市 Bìjié Shì
Tongren city 铜仁市 Tóngrén Shì
Qianxinan Aut. Prefecture 黔西南自治州 Qiánxīnán Zzhōu
Qiandongnan Aut. Prefecture 黔东南自治州 Qiándōngnán Zzhōu
Qiannan Aut. Prefecture 黔南自治州 Qiánnán Zhōu

The nine prefecture-level divisions of Guizhou are subdivided into 88 county-level divisions (14 districts, 7 county-level cities, 55 counties, and 11 autonomous counties,1 special district).

Urban areas

Population by urban areas of prefecture & county cities
# City Urban area[25] District area[25] City proper[25] Census date
1 Guiyang 2,520,061 3,034,750 4,322,611 2010-11-01
2 Zunyi[a] 715,148 1,094,871 6,127,082 2010-11-01
(2) Zunyi (new district)[a] 280,163 942,904 see Zunyi 2010-11-01
3 Liupanshui 491,438 616,210 2,851,332 2010-11-01
4 Bijie[b] 421,342 1,137,383 6,537,498 2010-11-01
5 Anshun[c] 358,920 765,399 2,297,612 2010-11-01
(5) Anshun (new district)[c] 95,601 297,990 see Anshun 2010-11-01
6 Xingyi 335,243 783,120 part of Qianxinan Prefecture 2010-11-01
7 Kaili 274,922 479,011 part of Qiandongnan Prefecture 2010-11-01
8 Tongren[d] 218,542 409,488 3,093,204 2010-11-01
9 Duyun 217,091 443,721 part of Qiannan Prefecture 2010-11-01
(10) Panzhou[e] 176,237 103,5345 see Liupanshui 2010-11-01
11 Renhuai 171,005 546,477 see Zunyi 2010-11-01
12 Qingzhen 166916 467790 see Guiyang 2010-11-01
13 Fuquan 158,515 283,904 part of Qiannan Prefecture 2010-11-01
(14) Xingren[f] 113043 417,919 part of Qianxinan Prefecture 2010-11-01
15 Chishui 80,884 237,052 see Zunyi 2010-11-01
  1. ^ a b New district established after census: Bozhou (Zunyi County). The new district not included in the urban area & district area count of the pre-expanded city.
  2. ^ Bijie Prefecture is currently known as Bijie PLC after census; Bijie CLC is currently known as Qixingguan after census.
  3. ^ a b New district established after census: Pingba (Pingba County). The new district not included in the urban area & district area count of the pre-expanded city.
  4. ^ Tongren Prefecture is currently known as Tongren PLC after census; Tongren CLC & Wanshan SD is currently known as Bijiang & Wanshan after census.
  5. ^ Panxian County is currently known as Panzhou CLC after census.
  6. ^ Xingren County is currently known as Xingren CLC after census.


1 xijiang panorama
Xijiang, a Miao settlement in Eastern Guizhou
1 bapa dong village 2015
Bapa Dong, a Dong village in Eastern Guizhou
1 zhenyuan panorama 2015
Zhenyuan, a county in Eastern Guizhou

As of the mid-19th century, Guizhou exported mercury, gold, iron, lead, tobacco, incense and drugs.[26]

Guizhou is a relatively poor and economically undeveloped province, but rich in natural, cultural and environmental resources. Its nominal GDP for 2012 was 680.22 billion yuan (107.758 billion USD). Its per capita GDP of RMB 19,566 (3,100 USD) is the lowest in China.

Its natural industry includes timber and forestry.[27] Guizhou is also the third largest producer of tobacco in China, and home to the well-known brand Guizhou Tobacco.[28] Other important industries in the province include energy (electricity generation) - a large portion of which is exported to Guangdong and other provinces[28] - and mining, especially in coal, limestone, arsenic, gypsum, and oil shale.[27] Guizhou's total output of coal was 118 million tons in 2008, a 7% growth from the previous year.[29] Guizhou's export of power to Guangdong equaled 12% of Guangdong's total power consumption. Over the next 5 years Guizhou hopes to increase this by as much as 50%.[30]

Economic and Technological Development Zones

  • Guiyang Economic & Technological Development Zone, created in February 2000[31]


In 2017, Sun Zhigang, the governor of Guizhou, has announced the plans to build 10,000 kilometers of highways, 17 airports, 600 km (370 mi) of inland waterways, and 4,000 km (2,500 mi) of high-speed rail lines in three years, in an effort to boost the tourism in the province.[32]


Guizhou's rail network consists primarily of a cross formed by the Sichuan–Guizhou, Guangxi–Guizhou and Shanghai–Kunming Railways, which intersect at the provincial capital, Guiyang, near the center of the province. The Liupanshui–Baiguo, Pan County West and Weishe–Hongguo Railways form a rail corridor along Guizhou's western border with Yunnan. This corridor connects the Neijiang–Kunming Railway, which dips into northwestern Guizhou at Weining, with the Nanning–Kunming Railway, which skirts the southwestern corner of Guizhou at Xingyi.

As of 2018, Shanghai–Kunming high-speed railway and Guiyang–Guangzhou high-speed railway is under operational.Chengdu–Guiyang high-speed railway is under construction.


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1912[33] 9,665,000—    
1928[34] 14,746,000+2.68%
1936-37[35] 9,919,000−4.84%
1947[36] 10,174,000+0.23%
1954[37] 15,037,310+5.74%
1964[38] 17,140,521+1.32%
1982[39] 28,552,997+2.88%
1990[40] 32,391,066+1.59%
2000[41] 35,247,695+0.85%
2010[42] 34,746,468−0.14%

In 1832, the population was estimated at five million.[26]

Guizhou is demographically one of China's most diverse provinces. Minority groups account for more than 37% of the population and they include Miao (including Gha-Mu and A-Hmao), Yao, Yi, Qiang, Dong, Zhuang, Bouyei, Bai, Tujia, Gelao and Sui. 55.5% of the province area is designated as autonomous regions for ethnic minorities. Guizhou is the province with the highest fertility rate in China, standing at 2.19 (Urban-1.31, Rural-2.42).[43]

Ethnic minorities areas in Guizhou
Major Autonomous areas within Guizhou, excluding Hui.
Longhorn Miao China
The long-horn tribe, one of the small branches of Miao living in the twelve villages near Zhijin County, Guizhou. The wooden horns remain daily attire for most women.


Religion in Guizhou[44][note 1]

  Christianity (0.99%)
  Other religions or not religious people[note 2] (67.83%)

The predominant religions in Guizhou are Chinese folk religions, Taoist traditions and Chinese Buddhism. According to surveys conducted in 2007 and 2009, 31.18% of the population believes and is involved in ancestor veneration, while 0.99% of the population identifies as Christian, decreasing from 1.13% in 2004.[44]

Anshun Wumiao 2014.04.28 16-57-08
Wumiao (Temple of the God of War) dedicated to Guandi in Anshun.

The reports did not give figures for other types of religion; 67.83% of the population may be either irreligious or involved in worship of nature deities, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, folk religious sects, and small minorities of Muslims. There are significant ethnic minority populations (the Miao and the Buyei) who traditionally follow their autochthonous religions.


Guizhou is the home of the well-known Chinese liquor Moutai.[45]


Huangguoshu dapubu
Huangguoshu Waterfall, the largest in China.
1 zhaoxing 2015
The Dong village of Zhaoxing, southern Guizhou

The province has many covered bridges, called Wind and Rain Bridges. These were built by the Dong people.

The southeastern corner of the province is known for its unique Dong minority culture. Towns such as Rongjiang, Liping, Diping and Zhaoxing are scattered amongst the hills along the border with Guangxi.

Heritage-based tourism

The World Bank "Strategic Environmental Assessment Study: Tourism Development in the Province of Guizhou, China" (May 25, 2007)[46] points to three different forms of tourism that should be fostered and developed in Guizhou, China: Nature-based, Heritage-based and Rural Tourism. Heritage-based tourism provides ethnic minority groups with an opportunity to preserve their unique heritage while still making a living.

Colleges and universities


Notable people from Guizhou

  • Shi Jinmo (1881-1969), founder of medical colleges

See also


  1. ^ The data was collected by the Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS) of 2009 and by the Chinese Spiritual Life Survey (CSLS) of 2007, reported and assembled by Xiuhua Wang (2015)[44] in order to confront the proportion of people identifying with two similar social structures: ① Christian churches, and ② the traditional Chinese religion of the lineage (i. e. people believing and worshipping ancestral deities often organised into lineage "churches" and ancestral shrines). Data for other religions with a significant presence in China (Buddhism, Confucianism, deity worships, Taoism, folk religious sects, Islam, religions practiced by ethnic minorities, et. al.) was not reported by Wang.
  2. ^ This may include:



  1. ^ "Doing Business in China - Survey". Ministry Of Commerce - People's Republic Of China. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  2. ^ "Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People's Republic of China on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census [1] (No. 2)". National Bureau of Statistics of China. 29 April 2011. Archived from the original on 27 July 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2013.
  3. ^ 贵州省2017年国民经济和社会发展统计公报 [Statistical Communiqué of Guizhou Province on the 2017 National Economic and Social Development] (in Chinese). Statistical Bureau of Guizhou. 2018-04-04. Retrieved 2018-06-22.
  4. ^ 《2013中国人类发展报告》 (PDF) (in Chinese). United Nations Development Programme China. 2013. Retrieved 2014-05-14.
  5. ^ a b c Wilkinson (2012), p. 233.
  6. ^ Hu, Yue; Marwick, Ben; Zhang, Jia-Fu; Rui, Xue; Hou, Ya-Mei; Yue, Jian-Ping; Chen, Wen-Rong; Huang, Wei-Wen; Li, Bo (19 November 2018). "Late Middle Pleistocene Levallois stone-tool technology in southwest China". Nature. doi:10.1038/s41586-018-0710-1.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Maygew, Bradley; Miller, Korina; English, Alex (2002). "Facts about South-West China - History". South-West China (2 ed.). Lonely Planet. pp. 16–20, 24.
  8. ^ Scottish Geographical Society (1929). Scottish geographical magazine, Volumes 45-46. Royal Scottish Geographical Society. p. 70. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
  9. ^ Margaret Portia Mickey (1947). The Cowrie Shell Miao of Kweichow, Volume 32, Issue 1. The Museum. p. 6. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
  10. ^ Contributions to Southeast Asian ethnography, Issue 7. Board of Editors, Contributions to Southeast Asian Ethnography. 1988. p. 99. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
  11. ^ Dan Jin; Xueliang Ma; Mark Bender (2006). Butterfly mother: Miao (Hmong) creation epics from Guizhou, China. Hackett Publishing. p. xvii. ISBN 0-87220-849-4. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
  12. ^ Elleman, Bruce A. (2001). "The Miao Revolt (1795–1806)". Modern Chinese Warfare, 1795-1989. London: Routledge. pp. 7–8. ISBN 978-0-415-21474-2.
  13. ^ Robert D. Jenks (1994). Insurgency and Social Disorder in Guizhou: The "Miao" Rebellion, 1854-1873. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. p. 2. ISBN 0-8248-1589-0.
  14. ^ a b Hutchings, Graham (2003). "Guizhou Province". Modern China: A Guide to a Century of Change. Harvard University Press. pp. 176–177.
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  16. ^ 贵州最高的山——韭菜坪,千年难得一见的美景. Sina. 韭菜坪海拔2900米,是贵州最高的山峰,它位于六盘水市与赫章县的交界处,因每到8,9月份山上开满野生韭菜花故得其名。
  17. ^ "China's premier concerned about drought in SW China". Xinhua. 2010-04-05. Retrieved 2008-09-17.
  18. ^ Zhang, Y. B.; Ma, K. P. (2008). "Geographic distribution patterns and status assessment of threatened plants in China". Biodiversity and Conservation. 17 (7): 1783–1798. doi:10.1007/s10531-008-9384-6.
  19. ^ Chen, Yang; An-Ping Chen; Jing-Yun Fang (2002). "Geographical distribution patterns of endangered fishes, amphibians, reptiles and mammals and their hotspots in China: a study based on "China Red Data Book of Endangered Animals"". Biodiversity Science. 10 (4): 359–368.
  20. ^ BirdLife International (2013). "Important Bird Areas factsheet: Cao Hai Nature Reserve". Retrieved 24 February 2013.
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  25. ^ a b c 国务院人口普查办公室、国家统计局人口和社会科技统计司编 (2012). 中国2010年人口普查分县资料. Beijing: China Statistics Print. ISBN 978-7-5037-6659-6.
  26. ^ a b Roberts, Edmund (1837). Embassy to the Eastern Courts of Cochin-China, Siam, and Muscat. New York: Harper & Brothers. p. 123.
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  30. ^ The China Perspective | Guizhou Economic Facts and Data
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  43. ^ Heather Kathleen Mary Terrell (May 2005). "Fertility in China in 2000 : A County Level Analysis (thesis, 140 p.)" (PDF). Texas A & M University. Retrieved 2010-11-27.
  44. ^ a b c China General Social Survey 2009, Chinese Spiritual Life Survey (CSLS) 2007. Report by: Xiuhua Wang (2015, p. 15) Archived 2015-09-25 at the Wayback Machine
  45. ^ "Maotai Remains Short in Supply in 2008". 8 January 2008. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  46. ^ "Strategic Environmental Assessment Study: Tourism Development in the Province of Guizhou, China" (PDF). World Bank. May 25, 2007. (needs a direct cite)

Works cited

  • Wilkinson, Endymion (2012). Chinese History: A New Manual. Harvard-Yenching Institute Monograph Series 84. Cambridge, MA: Harvard-Yenching Institute; Harvard University Asia Center. ISBN 978-0-674-06715-8.

External links

Anshun Huangguoshu Airport

Anshun Huangguoshu Airport (IATA: AVA, ICAO: ZUAS) is a dual-use military and public airport serving the city of Anshun in Guizhou Province, China. It was built in 1965 as a military airport and opened to civil flights in 2002.

Beijing Renhe F.C.

Beijing Renhe Football Club (Chinese: 北京人和; pinyin: Běijīng Rénhé) is a professional Chinese football club that currently participates in the Chinese Super League under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA). The team is based in Fengtai, Beijing and their home stadium is the Beijing Fengtai Stadium that has a seating capacity of 31,043. Their current majority shareholder is Chinese property developers of shopping centers Renhe Commercial Holdings Company Limited.

The club was founded in Pudong, Shanghai in February 3, 1995 and were originally known as Shanghai Pudong before they made their debut in the third tier of China's football league pyramid in the 1995 league season. They would work there way up to the top tier while changing name to accommodate their sponsors. In the 2006 league season the club would relocate the team to Shaanxi and rename themselves Xi'an Chanba International, however by the 2012 league season, the club relocated this time to Guizhou, and changed their name to Guizhou Renhe. In the 2016 league season the club relocated the team to Fengtai, Beijing, and changed their name to Beijing Renhe. Throughout the clubs history their greatest achievement has been winning the 2013 Chinese FA Cup while the highest position they have ever finished was second within the 2003 league season.

Beipan River

Beipan River (Chinese: 北盘江; pinyin: Beipanjiang) is a river in Guizhou and Yunnan provinces, China, and part of the great Pearl River basin.

Bouyei people

The Bouyei (also spelled Puyi, Buyei and Buyi; self called: Buxqyaix [puʔjai], or "Puzhong", "Burao", "Puman"; Chinese: 布依族; Pinyin: Bùyīzú; Vietnamese: người Bố Y) are an ethnic group living in southern mainland China. Numbering 2.5 million, they are the 11th largest of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People's Republic of China. Some Bouyei also live in Vietnam, where they are one of that nation's 54 officially recognized ethnic groups. Despite the Chinese considering them a separate group, they consider themselves Zhuang (Tai peoples).The Bouyei live in semi-tropical, high-altitude forests of Guizhou province, as well as in Yunnan and Sichuan provinces, and speak a Tai language.

Chengdu J-7

The Chengdu J-7 (Chinese: 歼-7; third generation export version F-7; NATO reporting name: Fishcan) is a People's Republic of China license-built version of the Soviet Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21. Though production ceased in 2013, it continues to serve, mostly as an interceptor, in several air forces, including the People's Liberation Army Air Force. The J-7 was extensively re-developed into the CAC/PAC JF-17 Thunder, which became a successor to the type.

Chishui City

Chishui (Chinese: 赤水; pinyin: Chìshǔi) is a county-level city of Guizhou Province, China. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Zunyi.

The city has a total area of 1,801 km², and in 2007, it had a population of 300,000.[1]

Fuquan, Guizhou

Fuquan (Chinese: 福泉; pinyin: Fúquán) is a county-level city in Southern Guizhou province of the People's Republic of China.


Guanyindong (Chinese: 观音洞; pinyin: Guānyīndòng) or Guanyin Cave is a Palaeolithic cave site, discovered in 1964 in Qianxi County, Guizhou, China.

It contains the earliest evidence of stone artefacts made using the Levallois technique in China.The site has been on the List of Major National Historical and Cultural Sites in Guizhou Qianxi Guanyin dong yizhi (黔西观音洞遗址) since 2001.


Guiyang is the capital of Guizhou province of Southwest China. It is located in the center of the province, situated on the east of the Yunnan–Guizhou Plateau, and on the north bank of the Nanming River, a branch of the Wu River. The city has an elevation of about 1,100 meters (3,600 ft). It has an area of 8,034 square kilometers (3,102 sq mi). At the 2010 census, its population was 4,324,561, out of whom 3,037,159 lived in the 7 urban districts.A city with humid subtropical climate, Guiyang is surrounded by mountains and forest. The area, inhabited since at least the Spring and Autumn period, formally became the capital of the surrounding province in 1413, during the Yuan dynasty. The city is home to a large Miao and Bouyei ethnic minority population. Guiyang has a diversified economy, traditionally a center for aluminum production, phosphate mining, and optical instrument manufacturing; however, following reforms, the majority of the city's economic output in the services sector. Since 2015, it has seen targeted investments into big data and quickly emerged as a local innovation hub.

Guizhou Hengfeng F.C.

Guizhou Hengfeng F.C. (simplified Chinese: 贵州恒丰足球俱乐部; traditional Chinese: 貴州恆豐足球俱樂部; pinyin: Guìzhōu Héngfēng Zúqiú Jùlèbù; Mandarin pronunciation: [kwêi ʈʂóu xə̌ŋ.fə́ŋ.tsǔ tɕʰjǒu tɕŷ lɤ̂ pû]) is a professional Chinese football club that currently participates in the China League One division under licence from the Chinese Football Association (CFA). The team is based in Guiyang, Guizhou and their home stadium is the 51,636-seat Guiyang Olympic Sports Center. Their current majority shareholders are Hengfeng Real Estate, Guizhou Zhicheng Enterprise Group Investment Co., Ltd. and the Guizhou Provincial Sports Bureau.

Huaguoyuan Tower 1

Huaguoyuan Tower 1 is a supertall skyscraper in Guiyang, Guizhou, China. It is 335 metres (1,099.1 ft) tall.

Construction started in 2012 and was completed in 2018.

Huaguoyuan Tower 2

Huaguoyuan Tower 2 is a supertall skyscraper in Guiyang, Guizhou, China. It will be 335 metres (1,099.1 ft) tall. Construction started in 2012 and was completed in 2018.


Liupanshui (simplified Chinese: 六盘水; traditional Chinese: 六盤水; pinyin: Liùpánshuǐ) is a city in western Guizhou province, People's Republic of China. The name Liupanshui combines the first character from the names of each of the city's three constituent counties: Liuzhi, Panzhou, Shuicheng. As a prefecture-level city with an area of 9,926 square kilometres (3,832 sq mi), Liupanshui had a total population of over 2,830,000 in 2006, making it the second largest in the province, though only 251,900 inhabitants were urban residents. The city is known locally as "The Cool City" or "Cool Capital" due to its low average summer temperature.

Longjia language

Longjia (autonym: suŋ˥ni˥mpau˨˩) is a Sino-Tibetan language of Guizhou, China related to Caijia and Luren. Longjia may already be extinct (Zhao 2011).

The Longjia people now speak Southwestern Mandarin, though they used to speak their own language, and have had a long presence in western Guizhou. According to the Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002), the Longjia language was spoken in Dafang County, Qianxi County (Zhongping District 中坪区; Xinfacun 新发村 of Pojiao District 坡脚区), and Puding County (Jiangyizhai 讲义寨 of Baiyan Township 白岩乡). It is reportedly most similar to Caijia, and has many Old Chinese loanwords.

Miao people

The Miao is an ethnic group belonging to South China, and is recognized by the government of China as one of the 55 official minority groups. Miao is a Chinese term and does not reflect the self-designations of the component groups of people, which include (with some variant spellings) Hmong, Hmub, Xong (Qo-Xiong), and A-Hmao.

The Chinese government has grouped these people and other non-Miao peoples together as one group, whose members may not necessarily be either linguistically or culturally related, though the majority are members of Miao-Yao language family, which includes the Hmong, Hmub, Xong and A-Hmao and the majority do share cultural similarities. Because of the previously given reasons, many Miao peoples cannot communicate with each other in their native tongues and have different histories and cultures. A few groups designated as Miao by the PRC do not even agree that they belong to the ethnic group, though most Miao groups, such as the Hmong and Hmub, do agree with the collective grouping as a single ethnic group – Miao.

The Miao live primarily in southern China's mountains, in the provinces of Guizhou, Yunnan, Sichuan, Hubei, Hunan, Guangxi, Guangdong and Hainan. Some sub-groups of the Miao, most notably the Hmong people, have migrated out of China into Southeast Asia (Burma (Myanmar), northern Vietnam, Laos and Thailand). Following the communist takeover of Laos in 1975, a large group of Hmong refugees resettled in several Western nations, mainly in the United States, France, and Australia.


Renhuai (simplified Chinese: 仁怀; traditional Chinese: 仁懷; pinyin: Rénhuái) is a county-level city located in the north of Guizhou province, China, bordering Sichuan province to the west. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Zunyi.


Tongren (simplified Chinese: 铜仁; traditional Chinese: 銅仁; pinyin: Tóngrén) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Guizhou province, People's Republic of China, located within a tobacco planting and crop agricultural area. Tongren was known as Tongren Prefecture (铜仁地区) until November 2011, when it was converted into a prefecture-level city.

Xingyi, Guizhou

Xingyi (simplified Chinese: 兴义; traditional Chinese: 興義; pinyin: Xīngyì) is a county-level city administered by the Qianxinan Buyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, in the southwest of Guizhou Province, China.


Zunyi (simplified Chinese: 遵义; traditional Chinese: 遵義; pinyin: Zūnyì) is a prefecture-level city in northern Guizhou province, People's Republic of China, situated between the provincial capital Guiyang to the south and Chongqing to the north, also bordering Sichuan to the northwest. Along with Guiyang and Liupanshui, it is one of the most important cities of the province. The built-up (or metro) area made of three urban districts of the city, Huichuan, Honghuagang, and Bozhou, had a population of 1,095,189 people; and the whole prefecture, including 14 county-level administration area as a whole, has a population of 6,127,009 at the 2010 census.

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