Groene Hart

The Groene Hart (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈxrunə ˈhɑrt], Green Heart) is a relatively thinly populated area in the Dutch Randstad. The major Dutch cities of Rotterdam, The Hague, Leiden, Haarlem, Amsterdam and Utrecht lie around this area. Cities inside the Groene Hart include Zoetermeer, Alphen aan den Rijn, Gouda, Woerden and the smaller cities of Schoonhoven, Oudewater, Haastrecht, Nieuwkoop, Montfoort, Waddinxveen, Bodegraven and Boskoop.

The Groene Hart is characterized by its rural character which contrasts the urban areas around it. Agriculture, nature and recreation are the primary activities in the Groene Hart. Residents and urban visitors can often find rest and many green spaces. Mills, dikes and Dutch cows are the primary landmarks of this lowland area. Because of the various separated cycle paths in the Groene Hart, the area can very well be explored by bike. The Groene Hart is of major importance to consolidate the number of Dutch meadow birds. The bird species black-tailed godwit, northern lapwing, and Eurasian oystercatcher can all be found in the area.


Since the Dutch Golden Age there has been a ring of cities surrounding a green and open central area. This area was given the nickname of "Groene Hart" by the middle of the twentieth century. The Groene Hart developed in the area between the large cities in western Netherlands as an area of wet meadows and marshland. These wetlands were not suitable for building but instead were used for agriculture and peat production.


Locatie Groene Hart
Location of the Groene Hart in the Netherlands

The Groene Hart is a water-rich area, with bodies of water such as Langeraarse Plassen, Nieuwkoopse plassen, Reeuwijkse plassen, the Kagerplassen and the Braassemermeer. In addition, rivers such as the Hollandse IJssel, the Oude Rijn, the Lek, the Vlist, the Loet, the Rotte, and the Meije run through the area.

One of the European footpaths runs through the area. In the Netherlands this is known as the Floris V-pad, part of the Dutch LAW 1-3 path. Also the Limes (former northern border of the Roman empire in The Netherlands) is one of the historical topics included in the Groene Hart.

Dutch government policy

The Dutch government policy was created in 2003 to preserve the Groene Hart. It allows for the larger cities on the edge of the Groene Hart to build limited amounts of housing. The government also limits the establishment of greenhouses and other types of commercial buildings within the area.

The upcoming plan for the development of the Groene Hart includes four areas:

  • Around the outside of the Groene Hart is the Randstad ring of cities. This is an urban area that almost completely surrounds the Groene Hart. Between these urban areas lie green environs that connect to other green sections of the Netherlands.
  • Connected to the Randstad Ring is an extended area with lots of water and forests. This is used for recreation and as a buffer against urban sprawl.
  • There will be four core areas for nature and water sports. There will be extended areas of bogs, marshes, and other types of wet forests. These four areas - De Venen, de Krimpenerwaard, Vechtplassen and Hollandse Plassen - will be connected to each other with grassy berms.
  • Between the core areas and the outer areas will be pastures for nature, recreation, and agriculture.

External links

Coordinates: 52°06′45″N 4°42′03″E / 52.11250°N 4.70083°E

Algemeen Dagblad

The Algemeen Dagblad (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɑlɣəmeːn ˈdɑɣblɑt]) or AD ([aː deː]) is a Dutch daily newspaper based in Rotterdam, Netherlands.

Bobbie Traksel

Bobbie Traksel (born 3 November 1981 in Tiel) is a Dutch former professional racing cyclist. In 2000, Traksel showed considerable promise by winning the Under-23 version of the Tour of Flanders and turned professional in 2001 with Rabobank. In 2002, Traksel's surprise win at the Veenendaal–Veenendaal showed his speed and bicycle smarts. But Traksel's achievements in 2008, highlighted by winning the Driedaagse van West-Vlaanderen garnered him wider respect in the cycling community.

In 2010 he won Kuurne–Brussels–Kuurne after a long breakaway. The race was heavily influenced by the weather. Many favourites retired from the race due to the cold weather, rain and wind. Traksel proved himself as a real fighter with this win.

Traksel joined An Post–Chain Reaction for the 2014 season, after his previous team – Champion System – folded at the end of the 2013 season.

David Boucher

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Geert Omloop

Geert Omloop (born 12 February 1974) is a Belgian professional road racing cyclist who was born in Herentals. He currently races for UCI Continental team Palmans-Cras and is also the cousin of cyclist Wim Omloop and the son of Marcel Omloop. He turned professional in 1997 having raced for several professional teams in 1995 and 1996 as a trainee. He became the Belgian National Road Race Champion in 2003, but lost the title in 2004 when he finished second.


Greenheart may refer to:


Greenheart Group, an international forestry company listed on the Hong Kong Stock ExchangePlants

Chlorocardium rodiei (family Lauraceae), a tree native to Guyana in northern South America

Colubrina arborescens (family Rhamnaceae), a shrub native to Florida and the Caribbean

Lignum vitae, the heartwood of a tree of the genus Guaiacum

Warburgia ugandensis, also known as Uganda greenheartOther uses

Groene Hart (English: Green Heart), a region of Holland

The Greenheart Project, a Japanese environmental project


Jacobswoude (pronunciation ) is a former municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland, now part of municipality Kaag en Braassem. Before the merger with Alkemade, the municipality covered an area of 41.37 km² (25.71 mile²) of which 4.88 km² (3.03 mile²) is water, mainly the lakes Braassemermeer and Wijde Aa. It consisted of the communities Bilderdam, Hoogmade, Leimuiden, Rijnsaterwoude, and Woubrugge, all located around the above-mentioned lakes. It had a population of 10,692 on 1 January 2004.

Jacobswoude is located in the center of the Groene Hart (Green Heart), the slightly less densely populated center area of the Randstad. Inhabitants of Jacobswoude depend on Alphen aan den Rijn, Leiden and Amsterdam for facilities not offered in the smaller villages. Most of its inhabitants commute daily to one of the larger cities in the region for work.

Jacobswoude was administratively created on 1 January, 1991, by merging the municipalities of Leimuiden, Rijnsaterwoude and Woubrugge. On 1 January 2009, Jacobswoude merged with Alkemade and formed the new municipality of Kaag en Braassem.

The municipality was named after the lost village of Jacobswoude that was located within the former municipal boundaries. The first mention of this village is from 823, when it is thought that Lord Jacob van den Woude was granted the area as a fiefdom from Louis the Pious. The peat surrounding the village was excavated, making Jacobswoude an island by the middle of the 18th century. This caused the village to deteriorate and its population moved to Woubrugge. Only a monument on the site of the original village remains.

Wireless Jacobswoude is a wireless community network under construction, starting in Woubrugge, connected to Wireless Leiden.

Jens Mouris

Jens Mouris (born 12 March 1980) is a former Dutch racing cyclist.

Born in Amsterdam, Mouris represented the Netherlands at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney where he took part in the 4 km team pursuit together with John den Braber, Robert Slippens and Wilco Zuijderwijk. They ended up in seventh position after being lapped by Ukraine in the quarter finals. Four years later Mouris qualified for the same disciplines to participate in the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens. This time the new team featuring Levi Heimans, Peter Schep and Jeroen Straathof came fifth.

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List of regions of the Netherlands

The regions of the Netherlands provides links to both regions and subregions of the Netherlands.

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The Randstad (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈrɑntstɑt]) is a megalopolis in the central-western Netherlands consisting primarily of the four largest Dutch cities (Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague and Utrecht) and their surrounding areas. Among other things, it contains the Port of Rotterdam (the largest seaport in Europe and until 2004 also the world's busiest seaport), and Amsterdam Airport Schiphol (third-largest European airport). With a population of 8.2 million people it is one of the largest metropolitan regions in Europe,[b] comparable in population size to the Milan metropolitan area or the San Francisco Bay Area, and covers an area of approximately 8,287 km2 (3,200 sq mi).[a] With a population density of 1,500/km2 it also is one of the most important and densely populated economic areas in northwestern Europe. It encompasses both the Amsterdam metropolitan area and Rotterdam–The Hague metropolitan area.

The Randstad's main cities are Almere, Amersfoort, Amsterdam, Delft, Dordrecht, Gouda, Haarlem, Leiden, Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht, Zaanstad, and Zoetermeer. Other cities include Alkmaar, Alphen aan den Rijn, Amstelveen, Barendrecht, Capelle aan den IJssel, Hilversum, Hoek van Holland, Hoofddorp, Hoorn, Houten, Katwijk, Leidschendam, Maarssen, Maassluis, Nieuwegein, Oostzaan, Purmerend, Rijswijk, Schiedam, Spijkenisse, Vlaardingen, Voorburg, Voorschoten, and Zeist.

Although the name Randstad is often translated into English as "edge city" or "border city", a more accurate translation would be "rim city". The Dutch name was coined in 1938 by KLM founder Albert Plesman who, while flying over the region, used it to describe a strip of cities at the rim of a large green agricultural area (the Green Heart). While technically more of a crescent (the southeastern edge of the rim is significantly less populated), the ring shape formed by connecting the four major cities of the region led to the use of the name "Ring City".

Ronde van het Groene Hart

The Ronde van het Groene Hart was a road bicycle race held in Groene Hart, Netherlands. The first edition of the race, in 2007, was organized as a 1.1 event on the UCI Europe Tour. The 203 km race started in Leiden and finished in Woerden, passing through Rotterdam, Amsterdam and Utrecht. The last edition of the race was in 2010; no sponsors could be found for 2011 or 2012 and the race was cancelled permanently.

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Vaitkus, nicknamed Tomas the Tank Engine, made his Tour de France debut in the 2007 edition but had to abandon after a serious crash at the end of stage two. Team RadioShack announced that he would be joining the team in 2010. He rejoined Astana in 2011. On 29 August 2011, it was announced that Vaitkus would join GreenEDGE for its inaugural season in 2012.

Vicente Reynés

Vicente Reynés Mimó (born 30 July 1981 in Deià) is a Spanish professional road bicycle racer for UCI Professional Continental Team IAM Cycling.After three seasons with Lotto–Belisol, Reynés left the team to join IAM Cycling for the 2014 season.

Wim De Vocht

Wim De Vocht (born 29 April 1982) is a Belgian retired professional road bicycle racer, who competed as a professional between 2004 and 2012.

His sister Liesbet De Vocht is also a former professional cyclist.

Wim Stroetinga

Wim Stroetinga (born 23 May 1985 in Drachten) is a Dutch professional racing cyclist.

Wouter Mol

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Wouter Weylandt

Wouter Weylandt (27 September 1984 – 9 May 2011) was a Belgian professional cyclist for UCI ProTeam Quick-Step–Davitamon and later for Leopard Trek. His first major win was the 17th stage of the 2008 Vuelta a España. He also won the third stage of the 2010 Giro d'Italia. He died in a crash during the third stage of the 2011 Giro d'Italia.

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