Grey hypocolius

The grey hypocolius[3] or simply hypocolius (Hypocolius ampelinus) is a small passerine bird species. It is the sole member of the genus Hypocolius and it is placed in a family of its own, the Hypocoliidae. This slender and long tailed bird is found in the dry semi-desert region of northern Africa, Arabia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and western India. They fly in flocks and forage mainly on fruits, migrating south in winter.

Grey hypocolius
Hypocolius ampelinus pair
Male (left) and female (Great Rann of KutchĨ)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Hypocoliidae
Genus: Hypocolius
Bonaparte, 1850
Species:
H. ampelinus
Binomial name
Hypocolius ampelinus

Description

The grey hypocolius is a slim bird with a long tail, slight crest and thick, short hook-tipped bill. Its shape and soft, satiny plumage resembles that of the waxwing. Birds are mainly a uniform grey or brownish-grey colour, with males having a black triangular mask around the eyes. They have white-tipped black primary wing feathers and a black terminal band on the tail. Adults are about 19–21 cm in length.[4]

The head feathers are raised when the bird is excited. They fly in a straight non-undulating style and when hopping in shrubbery, can appear like a babbler. The tarsus is short and sturdy with coarse scales. There are rictal bristles visible at the base of the bill and the nostrils are exposed, small and oval.[5]

Taxonomy

The relationships of the species are unclear. Earlier authors had suggested that they were related to the bulbuls[6] or shrikes.[7][8] They appear to be related to the waxwings, and at least one study based on molecular sequences suggests that it belongs to the same group.[9][10]

Distribution and habitat

The grey hypocolius ranges through the Middle East, breeding in the Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Turkmenistan area,[11] and wintering mostly near the Red Sea and Persian Gulf coasts of Arabia, including Bahrain. It is a vagrant to Turkey, Israel, Egypt and Oman. They are regular winter visitors to the Kutch region of western India[12][13] and vagrants have been noted as far south as Kihim near Bombay.[14] It is found in woodland and scrub in arid and semiarid regions, especially river valleys near deserts, as well as in irrigated and cultivated areas with trees, such as palm groves and gardens.[6][15]

Behaviour

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

The grey hypocolius is a shy and unobtrusive, even cryptic, bird which will fly to thick cover when disturbed, where it will remain motionless until the perceived danger has passed. Its flight is strong and direct (without undulations).[4] It will form flocks, especially in winter, and roost communally.[15]

Breeding

The breeding season is June or July in Arabia. The nest is cup shaped and deep lined with hair and fluff. The nest is often placed on the leaves of a date palm at a height of about 3 to 5 feet. Both the male and female take part in nest building. The clutch is four eggs. The eggs are leaden white with blotches.[16] The incubation period is about 14–15 days.[17]

Feeding

Hypocolius
The male has a conspicuous black face mask

Grey hypocoliuses forage quietly and methodically in foliage, through clusters of trees, palm groves and orchards, rarely coming to the ground. Though they may eat some insects, their main diet consists of fruits and berries, including mulberries, figs and dates. In captivity they have been known to readily take bread.[18]

Calls

The most common vocalization is a series of squealing descending notes or kleeeu whistles. Other calls include scolding chirps.[4]

Conservation

Because the species has a large range, and because it does not meet the population size and decline criteria of the IUCN Red List, the conservation status is evaluated as being of "least concern".[1] Because of its monotypic family status it is much sought after by birdwatchers.[19]

References

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Hypocolius ampelinus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Finsch, Otto (1865). Index ad Caroli Luciani Bonaparte Conspectum Generum Avium. E J Brill.
  3. ^ ENGLISH NAME UPDATES - IOC Version 2.9 (July 10, 2011) Archived March 3, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, IOC World Bird List
  4. ^ a b c Rasmussen, PC; JC Anderton (2005). Birds of South Asia: The Ripley Guide. Volume 2. Smithsonian Institution & Lynx Edicions. p. 332.
  5. ^ Ali, S; S D Ripley (1986). Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan. 5 (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 268–270.
  6. ^ a b Meinertzhagen, R (1954). Birds of Arabia. Oliver & Boyd: Edinburgh.
  7. ^ Barnes, HE (1885). Handbook to the birds of the Bombay Presidency. Calcutta Central Press.
  8. ^ Lowe, Percy R. (1947). "Note on the Systematic Position of Hypocolius". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 117 (1): 109–114. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1947.tb00501.x.
  9. ^ Spellman, Garth M.; Alice Cibois; Robert G. Moyle; Kevin Winker; F. Keith Barker (2008). "Clarifying the systematics of an enigmatic avian lineage: What is a Bombycillid?" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 49 (3): 1036–1040. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2008.09.006. PMC 2627281. PMID 18824237.
  10. ^ Johansson, Ulf S; Jon Fjeldså, Rauri C.K. Bowie (2008). "Phylogenetic relationships within Passerida (Aves: Passeriformes): A review and a new molecular phylogeny based on three nuclear intron markers" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 48 (3): 858–876. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2008.05.029. PMID 18619860.
  11. ^ A. Peklo; O. Sopyev (1980). "Sorkoputov sviristel (Hypocolius ampelinus) (Aves, Bombycillidae) gnezdyashchiisya vid fauny SSSR". Vestn. Zool. (in Russian): 47–52.
  12. ^ Shekar, PB (1960). "Further additions to the birds of Kutch". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 57 (1): 224–225.
  13. ^ Tiwari, JK; Varu, SN; Himmatsinhji, MK (1996). "The occurrence of Grey Hypocolius Hypocolius ampelinus in Kutch, Gujarat, India". Forktail. 11: 33–38.
  14. ^ Ali, Salim A (1931). "The occurrence of the Grey Hypocolius (Hypocolius ampelinus) in North Konkan". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 34 (4): 1061.
  15. ^ a b King, Howard. (1997). Grey Hypocolius - a Bahrain Experience
  16. ^ Hume, A O (1889). The nests and eggs of Indian birds. Volume 1. R H Porter. p. 162.
  17. ^ Baker, ECS (1922). The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Birds. Volume 1. Taylor and Francis, London. pp. 356–358.
  18. ^ Cumming, WD (1899). "Notes on the Hypocolius ampelinus (The Bulbul Shrike)". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 12 (4): 760–765.
  19. ^ Porter, R. & Aspinall, S. (2017). Hypocolius (Hypocoliidae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/52312 on 2 March 2017).

External links

Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan

The Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan is the magnum opus of Indian ornithologist Salim Ali, written along with S. Dillon Ripley. Appended to the title is the phrase "together with those of Bangladesh, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan and Sri Lanka". The 10 volume work, often referred to as "the handbook", was started in 1964 and ended in 1974. A single volume "compact edition" of the "Handbook" was also produced and a supplementary illustrative work A Pictorial Guide to the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent with illustrations by John Henry Dick, coauthored with Dillon Ripley, was published in 1983. The plates from this supplement were incorporated in the second edition of the "Handbook". The second edition was completed by others, notably J. S. Serrao of the BNHS, Bruce Beehler, Michel Desfayes and Pamela Rasmussen, after the deaths of Ali in 1987 and Ripley in 2001.

Volumes

with publication dates1 – Divers to Hawks (1e 1968, 2e 1978)

2 – Megapodes to Crab Plover (1e 1969, 2e 1980)

3 – Stone Curlews to Owls (1e 1969, 2e 1981)

4 – Frogmouths to Pittas (1e 1970, 2e 1983)

5 – Larks to the Grey Hypocolius (1e 1972, 2e 1986)

6 – Cuckoo-Shrikes to Babaxes (1e 1971, 2e 1996)

7 – Laughing Thrushes to the Mangrove Whistler (1e 1972, 2e 1996)

8 – Warblers to Redstarts (1e 1973, 2e 1997)

9 – Robins to Wagtails (1e 1973, 2e 1999)

10 – Flowerpeckers to Buntings (1e 1974, 2e 1998)

List of birds of Afghanistan

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Afghanistan. The avifauna of Afghanistan include a total of 131 species, of which one is endemic, one has been introduced by humans, and two are rare or accidental. Of the species in Afghanistan, 17 species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Afghanistan.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. The commonly occurring native species do not fall into any of these categories.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Afghanistan

(E) Endemic - a species that occurs in Afghanistan and nowhere else

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to Afghanistan as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

List of birds of Bahrain

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Bahrain. The avifauna of Bahrain include a total of 333 species, of which four have been introduced by humans, and seventy-six are rare or accidental. Two species listed are extirpated in Bahrain and are not included in the species count. Six species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Bahrain.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. The commonly occurring native species do not fall into any of these categories.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Bahrain

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to Bahrain as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

(Ex) Extirpated - a species that no longer occurs in Bahrain although populations exist elsewhere

List of birds of Egypt

This is a list of the species of birds found in Egypt, a country in north-east Africa. The avifauna of Egypt include a total of 498 species of birds, of which thirteen are classified as globally threatened and five have been identified as having been introduced to Egypt. None of the species are endemic to Egypt.This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. All of the birds below are included in the total bird count for Egypt.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. The commonly occurring native species do not fall into any of these categories.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Egypt

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to Egypt as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

(Ex) Extirpated - a species that no longer occurs in Egypt although populations exist elsewhere

(X) Extinct - a species or subspecies that no longer exists.

(NB) Non-breeding - a species or subspecies that does not breed in Egypt

List of birds of Eritrea

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Eritrea. The avifauna of Eritrea include a total of 566 species, of which two are endemic and two are rare or accidental.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Accidental species are included in the total species count for Eritrea.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories, but not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring native species.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Eritrea

(E) Endemic - a species endemic to Eritrea

List of birds of India

This is a list of the bird species of India and includes extant and recently extinct species recorded within the political limits of the Republic of India as defined by the Indian government are known to have around 1266 species as of 2016, of which sixty-one are endemic to the country, one has been introduced by humans and twenty-five are rare or accidental. Two species are suspected have been extirpated in India and eighty-two species are globally threatened. The Indian peafowl (Pavo cristatus) is the national bird of India. This list does not cover species in Indian jurisdiction areas such as Dakshin Gangothri and oceanic species are delineated by an arbitrary cutoff distance. The list does not include fossil bird species or escapees from captivity.

Two of the most recently discovered birds of India are the Himalayan forest thrush and Bugun liocichla both discovered in Arunachal Pradesh in 2016 and 2006. Also, a few birds considered to be extinct, such as the Jerdon's courser, have been rediscovered. Several species have been elevated from subspecies to full species.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. The commonly occurring native species do not fit within any of these categories.

(A) Accidental - Also known as a rarity, it refers to a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in India-typically less than ten confirmed records.

(E) Endemic - a species endemic to India

(Ex) Extirpated - a species that no longer occurs in India although populations exist elsewhere

(NB) Non-breeding range

List of birds of Iran

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Iran. The avifauna of Iran include a total of 551 species, of which two are endemic, three have been introduced by humans and fourteen are rare or accidental. One species listed is extirpated in Iran and is not included in the species count. Nineteen species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Iran.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. The commonly occurring native species do not fall into any of these categories.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Iran

(E) Endemic - a species endemic to Iran

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to Iran as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

(Ex) Extirpated - a species that no longer occurs in Iran although populations exist elsewhere

(X) Extinct - a species or subspecies that no longer exists

List of birds of Iraq

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Iraq. The avifauna of Iraq include a total of 415 species, of which two have been introduced by humans and thirteen are rare or accidental. One species listed is extirpated in Iraq and is not included in the species count. Fourteen species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Iraq.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories, but not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring native species.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Iraq

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to Iraq as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

(Ex) Extirpated - a species that no longer occurs in Iraq although populations exist elsewhere

(X) Extinct - a species that no longer exists

List of birds of Israel

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Israel. The avifauna of Israel include a total of 535 species, of which five have been introduced by humans and 141 are rare or accidental. One species listed is extirpated in Israel and is not included in the species count. Fourteen species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Israel.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories, but not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring native species.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Israel

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to Israel as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

(Ex) Extirpated - a species that no longer occurs in Israel although populations exist elsewhere

(X) Extinct - a species or subspecies that no longer exists

List of birds of Kuwait

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Kuwait. The avifauna of Kuwait include a total of 363 species, of which one has been introduced by humans and 101 are rare or accidental. One species listed is extirpated in Kuwait and is not included in the species count. Eight species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Kuwait.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. The commonly occurring native species do not fall into any of these categories.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Kuwait

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to Kuwait as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

(Ex) Extirpated - a species that no longer occurs in Kuwait although populations exist elsewhere

(X) Extinct - a species or subspecies that no longer exists

List of birds of Oman

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Oman. The avifauna of Oman include a total of 494 species, of which five have been introduced by humans and 146 are rare or accidental. The common ostrich is extirpated in Oman and is not included in the species count. Twelve species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) generally follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition with a few changes based on the list of the Ornithological Society of the Middle East. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect the Clements taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Oman.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories, but not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring native species.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Oman

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to Oman as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

(Ex) Extirpated - a species that no longer occurs in Oman although populations exist elsewhere

(X) Extinct - a species or subspecies that no longer exists

List of birds of Pakistan

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Pakistan. The avifauna of Pakistan include a total of 786 species, of which 39 are rare or accidental. One species listed is extirpated in Pakistan and is not included in the species count. The chukar (Alectoris chukar) is the official national bird of Pakistan, and the shaheen falcon is the symbolic icon of the Pakistan Air Force and Pakistan Avicultural Foundation.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) generally follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Accidental species are included in the total species count for Pakistan.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. The commonly occurring native species do not fall into any of these categories.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Pakistan

(Ex) Extirpated - a species that no longer occurs in Pakistan but exists in other places

List of birds of Qatar

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Qatar. The avifauna of Qatar include a total of 211 species, of which five have been introduced by humans and eleven are rare or accidental. Two species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Qatar.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. The commonly occurring native species do not fall into any of these categories.

(A) Accidental – a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Qatar

(I) Introduced – a species introduced to Qatar as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

(Ex Extirpated – a species that no longer occurs in Qatar although populations exist elsewhere

(X) Extinct – a species or subspecies that no longer exists

List of birds of Saudi Arabia

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Saudi Arabia. The avifauna of Saudi Arabia include a total of 488 species, of which five have been introduced by humans and fifteen are rare or accidental. One species is extirpated in Saudi Arabia and is not included in the species count. Fifteen species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Saudi Arabia.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. The commonly occurring native species do not fall into any of these categories.

(A) Accidental – a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Saudi Arabia

(I) Introduced – a species introduced to Saudi Arabia as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

(Ex) Extirpated – a species that no longer occurs in Saudi Arabia although populations exist elsewhere

(X) Extinct - a species or subspecies that no longer exists

List of birds of Sudan

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Sudan. The avifauna of Sudan include a total of 653 species.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Sudan.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories, but not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring native species.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Sudan

(E) Endemic - a species endemic to Sudan

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to Sudan as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

List of birds of Turkey

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Turkey. The avifauna of Turkey include a total of 482 species, of which four have been introduced by humans and 78 species are rare/accidental. Fourteen species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Turkey.

The latest addition to this list was the black-throated accentor (Prunella atrogularis).

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. The commonly occurring native species do not fall into any of these categories.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Turkey

(E) Endangered - a species that is endangered in Turkey

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to Turkey as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

(Ex) Extirpated - a species that no longer occurs in Turkey although populations exist elsewhere

(X) Extinct - a species or subspecies that no longer exists

List of birds of Turkmenistan

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Turkmenistan. The avifauna of Turkmenistan include a total of 409 species, of which one is rare or accidental.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Accidental species are included in the total species count for Turkmenistan.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. The commonly occurring native species do not fall into any of these categories.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Turkmenistan

List of birds of Yemen

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Yemen. The avifauna of Yemen include a total of 432 species, of which thirteen are endemic, two have been introduced by humans and twenty-five are rare or accidental. Fourteen species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Yemen.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories, but not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring native species.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Yemen

(E) Endemic - a species endemic to Yemen

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to Yemen as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

(Ex) Extirpated - a species that no longer occurs in Yemen although populations exist elsewhere

(X) Extinct -a species or subspecies that no longer exists

List of birds of the United Arab Emirates

This is a list of the bird species recorded in the United Arab Emirates. The avifauna of the United Arab Emirates include a total of 458 species, of which fourteen have been introduced by humans and 157 are rare or accidental. Ten species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World, 6th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflect this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for the United Arab Emirates.

The following tags have been used to highlight several categories. The commonly occurring native species do not fall into any of these categories.

(A) Accidental - a species that rarely or accidentally occurs in the United Arab Emirates

(I) Introduced - a species introduced to the United Arab Emirates as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions

(Ex) Extirpated - a species that no longer occurs in the UAE although populations exist elsewhere

(X) Extinct -a species or subspecies that no longer exists

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