Greg Abbott

Gregory Wayne Abbott (born November 13, 1957) is an American lawyer and politician who has served as the 48th Governor of Texas since January 2015. A Republican, Abbott previously served as the 50th Attorney General of Texas from 2002 to 2015. He is the first governor of any U.S. state since George Wallace to permanently use a wheelchair.[2]

Abbott was the second Republican to serve as Attorney General of Texas since Reconstruction. Prior to assuming the office of attorney general, he was a justice of the Texas Supreme Court, a position to which he was initially appointed in 1995 by then-Governor George W. Bush. He is noted outside of Texas for successfully advocating for the right of the state of Texas to display the Ten Commandments in front of the Texas State Capitol in Austin, in a 2005 United States Supreme Court case known as Van Orden v. Perry.

Greg Abbott
Greg Abbott 2015
48th Governor of Texas
Assumed office
January 20, 2015
LieutenantDan Patrick
Preceded byRick Perry
50th Attorney General of Texas
In office
December 2, 2002 – January 5, 2015
GovernorRick Perry
Preceded byJohn Cornyn
Succeeded byKen Paxton
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Texas
In office
January 2, 1996 – June 6, 2001[1]
Preceded byJack Hightower
Succeeded byXavier Rodriguez
Personal details
Gregory Wayne Abbott

November 13, 1957 (age 61)
Wichita Falls, Texas, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Cecilia Phalen (m. 1981)
ResidenceTexas Governor's Mansion
EducationUniversity of Texas at Austin (BBA)
Vanderbilt University (JD)
Greg Abbott's signature
WebsiteGovernment website

Early life, education, and early law career

Abbott was born on November 13, 1957, in Wichita Falls, of English descent. His mother, Doris Lechristia Jacks Abbott, was a homemaker, and his father, Calvin Roger Abbott, was a stockbroker and insurance agent.[3][4] When he was six years old, they moved to Longview, and the family lived in the East Texas city for six years.[3]

At the beginning of junior high school, Abbott's family moved to Duncanville. In his sophomore year in high school, his father died of a heart attack, and his mother went to work in a real estate office.[3] He graduated from Duncanville High School.[5] He was on the track team in high school and asserts that he won every meet he entered his senior year.[6] He was in the National Honor Society and was voted "Most Likely to Succeed."[6]

In 1981, he earned a Bachelor of Business Administration in finance from the University of Texas at Austin, where he was a member of the Delta Tau Delta fraternity and the Young Republicans Club. He met his wife, Cecilia Phelan, while attending UT Austin.[3] In 1984, he earned his J.D. degree from the Vanderbilt University Law School in Nashville, Tennessee.[3]

On July 14, 1984, at age 26, Abbott was paralyzed below waist-level when an oak tree fell on him while he was jogging following a storm.[7][8] He had two steel rods implanted in his spine, underwent extensive rehabilitation at TIRR Memorial Hermann in Houston, and has used a wheelchair ever since.[9][10] He sued the homeowner and negotiated an insurance settlement worth more than US$10 million dollars, resulting in payouts of US$14,000 a month.[11]

Abbott went into private practice, working for Butler and Binion, LLC between 1984 and 1992.[7]

Judicial career

Abbott's judicial career began in Houston, where he served as a state trial judge in the 129th District Court for three years.[7] Then-Governor George W. Bush appointed Abbott to the Texas Supreme Court, and he was then twice elected to the state's highest civil court — in 1996 (two-year term) and in 1998 (six-year term). In 1996, Abbott had no Democratic opponent but was challenged by Libertarian John B. Hawley of Dallas. Abbott defeated Hawley by a margin of 84% to 16%.[12] In 1998, Abbott defeated Democrat David Van Os by 60% to 40%.[13]

In 2001, after resigning from the Supreme Court, Abbott went back to private practice and worked for Bracewell & Giuliani LLC.[14] He was also an adjunct professor at University of Texas School of Law.[15]

Attorney General of Texas

President George W. Bush Discusses Harriet Miers Nomination with Former Texas Supreme Court Justices
Greg Abbott talks about the Harriet Miers nomination with President George W. Bush and former Texas Supreme Court Justices in 2005. From left: Eugene Cook, Raul Gonzalez, Abbott, John Hill, James Baker, Bush, and Craig Enoch

2002 election

Abbott resigned from the Texas Supreme Court in 2001 to seek the position of Lieutenant Governor of Texas.[3] His campaign for Lieutenant Governor had been running for several months when the previous attorney general, John Cornyn, vacated the post to run for the U.S. Senate.[3] He then switched his campaign to the open attorney general's position in 2002. Abbott defeated the Democratic nominee, former Austin Mayor and current State Senator Kirk Watson, 57% to 41%.[16] Abbott was sworn in on December 2, 2002, following fellow Republican Cornyn's election to the Senate.


Abbott expanded the Attorney General's office's law enforcement division from about thirty people to more than one hundred.[3] He also created a new division called the Fugitive Unit to track down convicted sex offenders in violation of their paroles or probations.[3]

In 2003, Abbott supported the Texas Legislature's move to cap non-economic damages for medical malpractice cases at $250,000, with no built-in increases for rising cost of living.[17] The statue allows nuances for higher awards in cases of wrongful death or when more than one health care institution is involved.[17]

Abbott has spoken out against concerns such as voter fraud, the right to bear arms, and President Barack Obama's health care reform. When asked what his job entails, Abbott says: "I go into the office in the morning, I sue Barack Obama, and then I go home."[18] Abbott has filed suit against various U.S. agencies, including the Environmental Protection Agency, the Department of Health and Human Services (including challenges to Obamacare), and the Department of Education, among many others.[3]

Abbott filed thirty one lawsuits against the Obama administration.[19] According to The Wall Street Journal, from Abbott's tenure as Attorney General through his first term as Governor, Texas sued the Obama administration at least forty four times, more than any other state over the same period; court challenges included carbon-emission standards, health-care reform, transgender rights, and others.[20] The Dallas Morning News compared Abbott to Scott Pruitt, noting that both Attorneys General had repeatedly sued the federal government over its environmental regulations.[21] The Houston Chronicle noted that Abbott "led the charge against Obama-era climate regulations."[22]

Abbott has said that the state must not release Tier II Chemical Inventory Reports for security reasons, but that Texans "can ask every facility whether or not they have chemicals or not."[23] Koch Industries has denied that their contributions to Abbott's campaign had anything to do with his ruling against releasing the safety information.[24]

In February 2014, Abbott argued against a lawsuit brought by the National Rifle Association to allow more people access to concealed carry of firearms, as Abbott felt this would disrupt public safety.[25]

In March 2014, Abbott filed a motion to intervene with three separate Federal Court suits against Baylor Scott & White Medical Center - Plano, in which patients alleged that the hospital allowed Dr. Christopher Duntsch to perform neurosurgery despite knowing that he was a dangerous physician.[26] Abbott cited the Texas Legislature's cap on malpractice cases, along with the statute's removal of the term "gross negligence" from the definition of legal malice, as reasons for defending Baylor.[27]

Lawsuit against Sony BMG

On November 21, 2005, Abbott sued Sony BMG.[28][29] Texas was the first state in the nation to bring legal action against Sony BMG for illegal spyware.[28][29] The suit is also the first filed under the state's spyware law of 2005.[28][29] It alleges the company surreptitiously installed the spyware on millions of compact music discs (CDs) that consumers inserted into their computers when they played the CDs, which can compromise the systems.[29][30] On December 21, 2005, Abbott added new allegations to his lawsuit against Sony-BMG. Abbott says the MediaMax copy protection technology violates the state's spyware and deceptive trade practices laws.[28][31] He says Sony-BMG offered consumers a licensing agreement when they bought CDs and played them on their computers.[28][31] However, Abbott alleges in the lawsuit that even if consumers reject that agreement, spyware is secretly installed on their computers, posing security risks for music buyers.[28][31] Abbott said, "We keep discovering additional methods Sony used to deceive Texas consumers who thought they were simply buying music," and "[T]housands of Texans are now potential victims of this deceptive game Sony played with consumers for its own purposes."[28][31] In addition to violations of the Consumer Protection Against Computer Spyware Act of 2005, which allows for civil penalties of $100,000 for each violation of the law, the alleged violations added in the updated lawsuit, on December 21, 2005, carry maximum penalties of $20,000 per violation.[31][32]

Van Orden v. Perry

On March 2, 2005, Abbott appeared before the United States Supreme Court in Washington, D.C., where he defended a Ten Commandments monument on grounds of the Texas State Capitol. Dozens of similar monuments were donated to cities and towns across the nation throughout the 1960s by the Fraternal Order of Eagles, who were inspired by the 1956 epic The Ten Commandments; in doing so, they gained the support of the film's director Cecil B. DeMille.[33] The Supreme Court held in a 5–4 decision that the Texas display did not violate the First Amendment's Establishment Clause and was constitutional.

After Abbott's oral arguments in Van Orden v. Perry, Justice John Paul Stevens commented upon Abbott's performance while in a wheelchair, "I want to thank you [...] for demonstrating that it's not necessary to stand at the lectern in order to do a fine job."[6]

2006 election

In the November 7, 2006, general election, Abbott was challenged by civil rights attorney David Van Os, who had been his Democratic opponent in the 1998 election for state Supreme Court. He won re-election to a second term by a margin of 60% to 37%.[34]

2010 election

Abbott ran for a third term in 2010. He defeated the Democratic attorney Barbara Ann Radnofsky of Houston and the Libertarian Jon Roland once again. Radnofsky was also the unsuccessful Democratic candidate opposing U. S. Senator Kay Bailey Hutchison in the 2006 general election. Abbott defeated Radnofsky by a margin of 64% to 34%.[35] He was the longest-serving Texas attorney general in Texas history.[36]

In July 2013, the Houston Chronicle alleged improper ties and oversight between many of Abbott's largest donors and the Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, of which he was a director.[37]

Governor of Texas

2014 election

Greg Abbott by Gage Skidmore
Abbott speaking at FreePac in Phoenix, 2012

On July 8, 2013, Governor Rick Perry announced that he would not seek a fourth full term.[38]

On July 14, 2013, speaking near the Alamo on the 29th anniversary of the accident that left him a paraplegic, Abbott formally announced his intention to run for Governor of Texas in the 2014 Texas gubernatorial election.[39] In the first six months of 2011, he raised more funds for his campaign than any other Texas politician, reaching $1.6 million. The next highest fundraiser among state officeholders was Texas Comptroller Susan Combs with $611,700.[40]

In February 2014, while speaking on the dangers of corruption in law enforcement, Abbott compared the South Texas area to a Third World country[41] that "erodes the social fabric of our communities and destroys Texans' trust and confidence in government."[42] Abbott further said that he does not consider corruption "limited to one region of Texas [...] My plan is to add more resources to eliminate corruption so people can have confidence in their government."[42]

Abbott criticized Ted Nugent's infamous "subhuman mongrel" comment directed at President Barack Obama by saying "This is not the kind of language I would use or endorse in any way. It's time to move beyond this, and I will continue to focus on the issues that matter to Texans."[43]

Abbott won the Republican primary on March 4, 2014, with 1,219,903, or 91.5% of the ballots cast. The remaining approximately 103,000 votes were divided among three minor candidates. He faced state Senator Wendy Davis of Fort Worth, who polled 432,065 votes (79.1%) in her Democratic primary contest against a lone opponent.[44]

Abbott promised to "tie outcomes to funding" for pre-K programs if elected governor,[45] but he said he would not require government standardized testing for 4-year olds, as Davis has accused him of advancing.[46] When defending his education plan, Abbott cited Charles Murray: "Family background has the most decisive effect on student achievement, contributing to a large performance gap between children from economically disadvantaged families and those from middle class homes."[47] A spokesman for Abbott's campaign pointed out that the biggest difference in spending is that Davis has proposed universal pre-K education while Abbott wants to limit state funding to only programs that meet certain standards.[47] Davis' plan could reach 750 million in costs and Abbott has said that Davis' plan is a "budget buster" whereas Abbott's education plan would cost no more than 118 million.[47] Overall, Abbott said the reforms that he envisioned would "level the playing field for all students [and] target schools which don't have access to the best resources." He has called for increased accessibility to technology in the classroom and mathematics instruction for kindergarten pupils.[42]

Abbott received 1.4 million in campaign contributions from recipients of the Texas Enterprise Fund, some of whose members submitted the proper paperwork for grants.[48] Elliot Nagin of the Union of Concerned Scientists observed that Abbott was the recipient of large support from the fossil fuels industries, such as NuStar Energy, Koch Industries, Valero Energy, ExxonMobil, Chevron, and ConocoPhillips.[49] Abbott received the endorsement of the Fort Worth Star-Telegram,[50] Dallas Morning News,[51] the Lubbock Avalanche-Journal[52] and the Tyler Morning Telegraph.[53]

Abbott defeated Davis by about 19 percentage points in the November general election.[54][55][56][57]

2018 election

In January 2017, Abbott was reportedly raising funds for a 2018 re-election bid as governor; as of December 2016, he had $34.4 million on hand for his campaign, of which he raised $9 million during the second half of 2016.[58][59] Lieutenant Governor Dan Patrick had been mentioned as a potential challenger for governor but confirmed he would run for a second term as lieutenant governor.[59] During the weekend of January 21, 2017, Abbott stated he was intending on running for re-election.[60] He confirmed this on March 28, 2017.[61]

Abbott formally announced his re-election campaign on July 14, 2017.[62] He chose the Amtrak depot at historic Sunset Station in San Antonio for his formal announcement of candidacy: "I've proven that I'm willing to take on the liberals, I'm willing to take on Washington, D.C., and I'm counting on you to have my back." Several protesters were led out of the hall before Abbott began speaking.[63] The formal announcement came four days before the beginning of a special legislative session that could split the Republican Party into factions favoring Abbott and Lieutenant Governor Patrick, on one hand, and House Speaker Joe Straus, a Moderate Republican who opposes much of the Abbott-Patrick social conservative agenda.

In the November 6 general election, Abbott defeated Democratic nominee Lupe Valdez with about 56% of the vote.[64][65][66][67] Abbott received 42% of the Hispanic vote.[68]


Greg Abbott, Governor of Texas (26279225765)
Abbott speaking at the 2016 World Travel and Tourism Council conference

Abbott was sworn in as the governor of Texas on January 20, 2015.[69][70]

Abbott declared February 2, 2015, as "Chris Kyle Day" in honor of the United States Navy SEAL who was the most lethal sniper in U.S. military history portrayed in the successful film American Sniper.[71][72][73] This came exactly two years after Kyle was shot and killed.[71] Abbott held his first meeting as governor with a foreign prime minister when he met with the Irish Taoiseach Enda Kenny on March 15, 2015, to discuss trade and economic relations.[74]

During the 2015 legislative session, initiated by officials at the Texas Health and Human Services Commission, the Texas Legislature placed a rider in the Texas budget to cut $150 million from its budget by ending payments and coverage for various developmental therapies for children on Medicaid. A lawsuit has been filed against the state on behalf of affected families and therapy providers, claiming it can cause irreparable damage to the affected children's development.[75] The litigation obtained a temporary injunction order on September 25, 2015, barring THHSC from implementing therapy rate cuts.[76]

Unlike his two immediate predecessors Bush and Perry, Abbott has said he has no intention of running for U.S. President.[77] The Trump Administration appointed several former appointees of Abbott to federal court positions, something some media outlets attributed to Abbott's influence on the administration.[78]

His 2016 book, Broken But Unbowed is a reflection on his personal story and views on politics.[79]

In October 2016, explosive packages were mailed to Abbott, President Obama, and the Commissioner of the Social Security Administration. The governor's package did not explode when he opened it as he opened the package incorrectly.[80]

On June 6, 2017, Abbott called for a special legislative session in order to pass several legislative priorities for Abbott,[81][82] something supported by Lieutenant Governor Dan Patrick.[83] Abbott vetoed 50 bills in the regular 2017 session, the most vetoed in a session since 2007.[84][85]


In late November 2016, the State of Texas, at Abbott's request, approved new rules that require facilities that perform abortions either to bury or cremate the aborted, rather than dispose of the remains in a sanitary landfill.[86][87] The rules were intended to go into effect on December 19,[86] but on December 15 a federal judge blocked the rules from going into effect for at least one month after the Center for Reproductive Rights and other advocacy groups filed a lawsuit.[88] On January 27, 2017, a federal judge ruled against the law, but the State of Texas vowed to appeal the ruling.[89]

On June 6, 2017, Abbott signed a bill into law banning dismemberment and partial-birth abortions and requiring either the cremation or burial of the aborted.[90][91][92] The law was also blocked by a federal judge; the state said it would appeal.[93][94]

Convention of States proposal

Hurricane Harvey Response (36806293711)
Governor Abbott with President Donald Trump during Hurricane Harvey emergency

On January 8, 2016, Abbott called for a national constitutional convention to address what he sees as abuses by justices of the United States Supreme Court in "abandoning the Constitution."[95] Abbott proposed passing nine new amendments to the Constitution, intended to limit the power of the federal government and expand states' rights.[96] Speaking to the Texas Public Policy Foundation, Abbott said, "We the people have to take the lead to restore the rule of law in the United States."[97]

In 2016 Abbott spoke to the Texas Public Policy Foundation, calling for a Convention of States to amend the U.S. Constitution. In his speech, he released a plan that includes nine proposed amendments to "unravel the federal government's decades-long power grab "to impose fiscal restraints on the federal government and limit the federal government's power and jurisdiction."[98] Abbott elaborated on his proposal in a public seminar at the Hoover Institute on May 17, 2016.[99]

Gun laws

On June 13, 2015, Abbott signed the campus carry (SB 11) and the open carry (HB 910) bills into law.[100] The campus carry law went into effect on August 1, 2015 and allows the licensed carrying of a concealed handgun on public college campuses, with private colleges being able to opt out.[100][101] The open carry bill went into effect on January 1, 2016 and allows the licensed carrying of handguns openly in all locations that allow concealed carry.[100][101][102] Texas is the 45th state to have open carry.[103]

On May 26, 2017, Abbott signed a bill into law lowering handgun carry license fees.[104]

After the Santa Fe High School shooting on May 18, 2018, Abbott said that he would begin working with state lawmakers and communities across Texas on proposals to prevent gun violence in schools.[105]

Jade Helm 15

Abbott on April 28, 2015, asked the State Guard to monitor the training exercise Jade Helm 15 amid Internet-fueled suspicions that the war simulation was really a hostile military takeover.[106][107][108][109] In 2018 former director of the CIA and NSA Michael Hayden said that the conspiracy theory had been propagated by Russian intelligence organizations and that Gov. Abbott’s response convinced them of the power such a misinformation campaign could have in the United States.[110]

Pastor Protection Act and related laws

On June 11, 2015, Abbott signed the "Pastor Protection Act," which allows pastors to refuse to marry couples if they feel doing so violates their beliefs.[111]

On May 21, 2017, Abbott signed Senate Bill 24 into law, preventing state or local governments from subpoenaing pastors' sermons.[112][113] This bill was inspired by an anti-discrimination ordinance in Houston, where hundreds of sermons from five pastors were subpoenaed.[112]

On June 15, 2017, Abbott signed House Bill 3859 which allows faith-based groups working with the Texas child welfare system to deny services "under circumstances that conflict with the provider's sincerely held religious beliefs." Democrats and civil rights advocates said the adoption bill could allow such groups to discriminate against those who practice a different religion or who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender, and LGBT rights groups said they would challenge the bill in court.[114][115] In response, California added Texas to a list of states in which it banned official government travel.[116]

Sanctuary cities

Greg Abbott 2018
Abbott speaks at the Texas gubernatorial debate at the LBJ Presidential Library in 2018

On February 1, 2017, Abbott blocked funding to Travis County, Texas, due to its recently implemented sanctuary city policy.[117][118] On May 7, 2017, Abbott signed Texas Senate Bill 4 into law, targeting sanctuary cities by charging county or city officials who refuse to work with federal officials and by allowing police officers to check the immigration status of those they detain if they choose.[119][120]

Environmental issues

Abbott believes that Earth's climate is changing, but he thinks that further study is necessary to determine human role in such changes.[121][122]

In early 2014, Abbott participated in strategy sessions held at the headquarters of the United States Chamber of Commerce in Washington, D. C. devising a legal strategy for dismantling climate change regulations.[123]

In 2016, Abbott supported the appointment of Scott Pruitt to head the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), noting "He and I teamed up on many lawsuits against the EPA."[124]

Other issues

In a letter dated May 27, 2017, the CEOs of 14 large technology companies, including Facebook, Apple, Microsoft and Amazon, urged Abbott not to pass discriminatory legislation.[125] At issue was the so-called "bathroom bill," which would require transgender people to use the bathroom of the sex listed on their birth certificates, not the one of their choice. The bill was revived by Abbott and supported by Republican lieutenant governor Dan Patrick.[126] In March 2018, Byron Cook, the chairman of the House State Affairs committee who blocked the bill, claimed that Abbott privately opposed the bill.[127] The bill was never signed; Abbott later stated that "it's [bill] not on my agenda", in a debate with Lupe Valdez, the Democratic candidate for governor in 2018.[128]

On June 6, 2017, Abbott signed a bill into law enacting a statewide ban on texting while driving.[129]

Election history

On November 4, 2014, Abbott defeated Wendy Davis by 21 points. According to exit polls he received 44 percent of the Hispanic vote and 50 percent of Hispanic men, a majority (54 percent) of women voters, and 62 percent of the votes of married women (75% of women in Texas are married).[130][131][132]

A week after his election, Abbott announced that Carlos Cascos, of Brownsville, the county judge since 2007 of Cameron County in far South Texas, will become the Secretary of State of Texas. In the same election in which Abbott defeated Wendy Davis, Cascos, a Republican, won a third term as county judge but resigned in January 2015 upon confirmation by the Texas Senate, to become secretary of state.[133]

Personal life

Abbott, a Roman Catholic, is married to Mexican-American Cecilia Phalen Abbott, the granddaughter of Mexican immigrants.[136][137][138] His election as governor of Texas makes her the first Latina to be the First Lady of Texas since Texas joined the union.[137][139] They have one adopted daughter, Audrey.[14][136][137] They were married in San Antonio in 1981.[3] Cecilia is a former school teacher and principal.[7] He is the first elected governor of a U.S. state to use a wheelchair since George Wallace of Alabama, 1983–87.[140]

Abbott knows some Spanish but is not fluent in the language, although he is currently learning.[141][142]

Abbott suffered second and third degree burns on his legs after coming in contact with scalding water while on vacation in Wyoming in July 2016, which caused him to miss the 2016 Republican National Convention.[143][144]


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  81. ^ Grinberg, Emanuella (June 6, 2017). "Texas Special Legislative Session: What's on the Agenda". CNN. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
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  84. ^ McGaughy, Lauren (June 15, 2017). "Gov. Greg Abbott Vetoes 50 Bills, the Most Killed by a Texas Governor in a Decade". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
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  87. ^ Perchick, Michael (December 1, 2016). "New Texas Provisions Require Burial or Cremation of Aborted Fetuses". USA Today (from KVUE). Retrieved December 1, 2016.
  88. ^ "Judge Blocks Texas Rules Requiring Burial of Fetal Remains". Fox News. December 15, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  89. ^ Evans, Marissa (January 27, 2017). "Federal Court Blocks Texas Fetal Remains Burial Rule". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved February 2, 2017.
  90. ^ Mekelburg, Madlin (May 26, 2017). "Sweeping Anti-Abortion Bill Heads to Gov. Greg Abbott's Desk". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
  91. ^ Grasso, Samantha (June 7, 2017). "Texas Bans Common Abortion Procedure, Requires Fetal Remains Burial with New Law". The Daily Dot. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
  92. ^ Gryboski, Michael (June 7, 2017). "Texas Governor Signs Abortion Dismemberment Ban Into Law". The Christian Post. Retrieved June 7, 2017.
  93. ^ Young, Stephen (January 30, 2018). "Federal Judge Blocks Texas' Controversial Fetal Burial Requirement". Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  94. ^ "Judge halts Texas law requiring burial or cremation of fetal tissue". January 29, 2018. Retrieved February 18, 2018 – via Reuters.
  95. ^ "Texas Gov. Abbott Calls for Convention on Constitution, Proposes Amendments". Fox News. January 9, 2016. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
  96. ^ Walters, Edgar (January 8, 2016). "Abbott Calls on States to Amend U.S. Constitution". The Texas Tribune. Retrieved February 10, 2016.
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  98. ^ Grissom, Brandi (January 8, 2016). "Texas Gov. Greg Abbott calls for Convention of States to take back states' rights". Dallas News.
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  101. ^ a b "At Shooting Range, Abbott Signs "Open Carry" Bill". The Texas Tribune. June 13, 2015. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
  102. ^ "Texas Open Carry Gun Law". The New York Times. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
  103. ^ "Texas becomes 45th state to pass open carry law". June 8, 2015. Archived from the original on January 4, 2016. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
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  105. ^ Greenwood, Max (May 18, 2018). "Texas gov calls for action after shooting: 'We need to do more than just pray'". Retrieved May 19, 2018.
  106. ^ "Texas Republican decries 'pandering to idiots'". MSNBC.
  107. ^ "Greg Abbott Tells Texas National Guard to Monitor U.S. Military Exercises". US News & World Report.
  108. ^ "Texas Governor Deploys State Guard To Stave Off Obama Takeover". NPR. May 2, 2015.
  109. ^ "Former GOP lawmaker blisters Abbott for 'pandering to idiots' over military exercises". Trail Blazers Blog.
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  113. ^ "Abbott Signs Bill Preventing Government From Subpoenaing Sermons". CBS DFW. May 21, 2017. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
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  119. ^ "Texas Governor Signs Bill Targeting Sanctuary Cities". Fox News. May 7, 2017. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
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  121. ^ "FEMA's Climate Change Carrot to Texas". March 24, 2015. Retrieved February 18, 2018.
  122. ^ "EPA chief: carbon dioxide not primary cause of climate change". Retrieved February 18, 2018.
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  138. ^ "'Words Matter.' On Ted Nugent, Greg Abbott and the 'subhuman mongrel' who is president of the United States". Retrieved January 2, 2016.
  139. ^ "New first lady of Texas advocates for Hispanic population". Retrieved November 8, 2014.
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  141. ^ MacLaggan, Corrie (September 5, 2013). "Many Texans Choosing TV en Español". Retrieved June 13, 2015.
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  144. ^ "Abbott Recovering From Skin Graft Procedure". Retrieved July 21, 2016.

Further reading

External links

Legal offices
Preceded by
Jack Hightower
Associate Justice of the Texas Supreme Court
Succeeded by
Xavier Rodriguez
Preceded by
John Cornyn
Attorney General of Texas
Succeeded by
Ken Paxton
Party political offices
Preceded by
Rick Perry
Republican nominee for Governor of Texas
2014, 2018
Most recent
Political offices
Preceded by
Rick Perry
Governor of Texas
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Mike Pence
as Vice President
Order of Precedence of the United States
Within Texas
Succeeded by
Mayor of city
in which event is held
Succeeded by
Otherwise Nancy Pelosi
as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Ron DeSantis
as Governor of Florida
Order of Precedence of the United States
Outside Texas
Succeeded by
Kim Reynolds
as Governor of Iowa
2014 Texas gubernatorial election

The 2014 Texas gubernatorial election was held on November 4, 2014 to elect the Governor of Texas. Incumbent Republican Governor Rick Perry, who had served since the resignation of then-Governor George W. Bush on December 21, 2000, declined to run for an unprecedented fourth full term, making this the first open election for governor since 1990.

The election took place between nominees who were selected on March 4, 2014: Republican State Attorney General Greg Abbott and Democratic State Senator Wendy Davis. Also on the ballot were Libertarian Party candidate Kathie Glass and Green Party candidate Brandon Parmer. Abbott was projected to carry the election, and ultimately won handily with a 20 percentage point advantage. Exit polls showed Abbott winning Whites (72% to 25%), while Davis received majorities among African Americans (92% to 7%) and Hispanics (55% to 44%). Abbott won roughly half of Hispanic men, 54% of all women, and 62% of married women.Abbott took office on January 20, 2015, as the 48th Governor of Texas.

2018 Texas gubernatorial election

The 2018 Texas gubernatorial election took place on November 6, 2018, to elect the Governor of Texas, concurrently with the election of Texas's Class I U.S. Senate seat, as well as other congressional, state and local elections throughout the United States and Texas. Incumbent Republican Governor Greg Abbott successfully won re-election to a second term in office defeating Democratic nominee Lupe Valdez, the former sheriff of Dallas County, and Libertarian nominee Mark Tippetts, a former member of the Lago Vista city council.

The Republican and Democratic party primaries were held on March 6, 2018, making them the first primaries of the 2018 electoral season. Abbott won the March 6 primary with 90% of the vote to receive the Republican nomination, while Democratic candidates Lupe Valdez and Andrew White advanced to a May 22 runoff. Valdez defeated White in the runoff with 53.1% of the vote and faced Abbott in the general election as the Democratic nominee.Valdez's nomination made her the first openly gay person nominated for governor by a major party in the state.Tippetts was nominated at the Libertarian Party of Texas' state convention in Houston April 13–15, 2018. He defeated four challengers on the first ballot and received more than 70% approval from Libertarian party delegates.

Despite considerably closer contests in other Texas state elections, Abbott handily won a second term with the highest margin of victory of any state official on the ballot, although Valdez also won the largest vote share for a Democratic gubernatorial candidate since Ann Richards in 1994. Tippetts' showing exceeded the previous record for most votes for a Libertarian nominee for Texas governor; that record had been set in 1990.

2020 United States presidential election in Texas

The 2020 United States presidential election in Texas is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. Texas voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote. The state of Texas has 38 electoral votes in the Electoral College.As of April 2019, Donald Trump and Bill Weld are declared Republican candidates. Texas Governor Greg Abbott declined to run against Trump, as did 2016 Republican primary candidate and current senator Ted Cruz.A number of Democrats are running or have expressed interest in running, and Elizabeth Warren, Kamala Harris, Bernie Sanders, Joe Biden, and former Texas congressman and senatorial candidate, Beto O'Rourke are among the major declared candidates.

Andy Oldham

Andrew Stephen Oldham (born 1978) is a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit and former General Counsel to Texas Governor Greg Abbott.

David Whitley (politician)

David Whitley is an American attorney and Republican politician who is the Acting Secretary of State of Texas. Texas Governor Greg Abbott has nominated him to fill the position permanently. His confirmation is currently pending before the Texas Senate. Whitley's confirmation may be difficult due to a miscalculation of illegal voters he identified for investigation.Originally from Alice, Texas, Whitley earned his bachelor's degree and Juris Doctor from the University of Texas at Austin. He began working for Greg Abbott in 2004, when he was Attorney General of Texas. As Governor of Texas, Abbott appointed Whitley as Secretary of State to succeed Rolando Pablos, on December 17, 2018.As Secretary of State, Whitley identified 95,000 voters who he claimed were noncitizens and sent the names to county election boards in January 2019. Many of the individuals on the list were found to be valid, and lawsuits were filed to stop the voter purge. Fred Biery, a judge on the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas, blocked the removal. The Senate Committee on Nominations in the Texas Senate advanced Whitley's nomination on a 4–3, party line vote. However, all 12 Democrats in the Texas Senate oppose Whitley's confirmation, which would deny him the two-thirds vote required for confirmation.

Governor of Texas

The Governor of Texas is the head of the executive branch of Texas's government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The governor has the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Texas Legislature, and to convene the legislature. The governor may grant pardons in cases other than impeachment (but only when recommended by the Board of Pardons and Paroles) or in the case of treason, with permission by the legislature. The current Governor is Greg Abbott.

Greg Abbott (disambiguation)

Greg Abbott (born 1957) is a Republican politician from Texas, the Governor of Texas.

Greg Abbott is also the name of:

Greg Abbott (footballer) (born 1963), English football manager and former player

Reverend Gadget or Greg Abbott, steel fabrication artist, craftsman, prop builder and television personality

Greg Abbott (footballer)

Gregory Stephen Abbott (born 14 December 1963) is an English football manager and former player. He became Head of Football Operations for Mansfield Town in December 2018.

He played as a right back or midfielder. Abbott was the manager of Carlisle United from December 2008 until September 2013.

Born in Coventry, Abbott started his career with his hometown team Coventry City. He was released without playing a game but recommended to Bradford City, where he won the Division Three title in the 1984–85 season and went on to play more than 300 games. He had spells with Halifax Town and non-league Guiseley before he returned to The Football League with former manager Terry Dolan at Hull City. He spent four seasons with Hull playing another 100 games to take his career total to in excess of 500 first team matches.

After retiring, he went into coaching. He spent a decade at Leeds United coaching a number of junior and reserve sides, before he was appointed assistant manager of Carlisle United in 2006. He spent a brief spell as caretaker manager in 2007. He was given the job full-time in December 2008, after the dismissal of John Ward.

Ina Minjarez

Ina Marie Minjarez (born March 27, 1975) is a lawyer and a Democratic member of the Texas House of Representatives representing District 124 in San Antonio, Texas. She was sworn into office on April 30, 2015, after winning a special election on April 21. She served as Assistant District Attorney for Bexar County from 2000 through 2006.

Minjarez handily won election to her second full term in the general election held on November 6, 2018. With 31,674 votes (67.6 percent), she topped her conservative Republican challenger, Johnny S. Arredondo, who finished with 15,151 votes (32.4 percent). Arredondo formerly ran unsuccessfully for the San Antonio City Council. He carried the support of Governor Greg Abbott in the race against Minjarez.

J. Brett Busby

Justin Brett Busby (born April 12, 1973) is a Justice of the Supreme Court of Texas and former Judge of the Fourteenth Court of Appeals of Texas. On February 21, 2019, he was nominated to the Supreme Court of Texas. He was unanimously confirmed by the Texas Senate on March 20, 2019, and sworn into office that same day by Governor Greg Abbott.

Jimmy Blacklock

James Davis Blacklock is an American attorney and judge currently serving as an Associate Justice of the Texas Supreme Court.

List of Carlisle United F.C. managers

Carlisle United have had over 40 managers since the club was founded in 1904. Amongst others they include Bill Shankly, a former United player who went on to make Liverpool Football League champions three times, Alan Ashman, who took Carlisle to the top of The Football League and Michael Knighton who in 1997 infamously took over the management role while he was chairman.

List of governors of Texas

The Governor of Texas is the chief executive of the U.S. State of Texas, the presiding officer over the executive branch of the Government of Texas, and the commander-in-chief of the Texas National Guard, the state's militia. The governor has the power to consider bills passed by the Texas Legislature, by signing them into law, or vetoing them, and in bills relating to appropriations, the power of a line-item veto. He may convene the legislature, and grant pardons and reprieves, except in cases of impeachment, and upon the permission of the legislature, in cases of treason. The State provides an official residence, the Governor's Mansion in Austin. The incumbent, Greg Abbott, is the forty-eighth governor to serve in the office since Texas' statehood in 1845.

When compared to those of other states, the Governorship of Texas has been described as one of relative weakness. In some respects, it is the Lieutenant Governor of Texas, who presides over the Texas Senate, who possesses greater influence to exercise their prerogatives.The governor is inaugurated on the third Tuesday of January every four years along with the Lieutenant Governor, and serves a term of four years. Prior to the present laws, in 1845, the state's first constitution established the office of governor, serving a term of two years, but no more than four years of every six. The 1861 constitution, following secession from the Union, established the first Monday of November following election as the term's start. Following the end of the American Civil War, the 1866 constitution increased term length to four years, limiting overall service to no more than eight years of every twelve, moving the term's start to the first Thursday following organization of the legislature, or "as soon thereafter as practicable." The constitution of 1869, enacted during Reconstruction, removed term limitations, to this day making Texas one of fourteen states with no limit on gubernatorial terms. The present constitution of 1876 returned terms to two years, but a 1972 amendment again returned them to four.Since its establishment, only one man has served in excess of eight years as governor: Rick Perry. Perry, the longest-serving governor in state history, assumed the governorship in 2000 upon the exit of George W. Bush, who resigned to take office as the 43rd President of the United States. Perry was re-elected in 2002, 2006, and 2010 serving for 14 years before choosing to retire in 2014.

Allan Shivers assumed the governorship upon the death of Beauford Jester in July 1949 and was re-elected in 1950, 1952 and 1954, serving for 7 1/2 years, making him the second longest serving Texas governor. Price Daniel was elected to the governorship in 1956 and re-elected in 1958 and 1960 before losing his re-election for an unprecedented fourth term in the 1962 Democratic primary, missing the runoff. John Connally was elected in 1962 and re-elected in 1964 and 1966 before leaving office on January 21, 1969.

In the case of a vacancy in the office, the lieutenant governor becomes governor. Prior to a 1999 amendment, the lieutenant governor only acted as governor until the expiration of the term to which he succeeded.

Operation Phalanx (2010-2016)

Operation Phalanx was a United States National Guard program to assist the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in the security of the United States-Mexico Border. Beginning in 2010, Phalanx was the successor operation to 2006-2008 program known as Operation Jump Start.In November 2016, DHS indefinitely halted the National Guard's aerial surveillance flights amid protests from U.S. Rep. Henry Cuellar (D-Texas,) the Governor of Texas, Greg Abbott, and Senator John Cornyn, (R-Texas), all of whom are pressing the Obama administration to restart the program in 2017.Since the beginning of Operation Phalanx in 2010, National Guard airmen flying UH-72 Lakota helicopters have been credited with stopping 64,000 illegal border crossings in the Rio Grande sector of the United States Mexico border, along with an additional 25,000 in the Laredo sector and 21,000 in the Tucson, Arizona area. More than 300,000 pounds of marijuana has also been seized in Phalanx operations.

Republican Governors Association

The Republican Governors Association (RGA) is a Washington, D.C.-based 527 organization founded in 1963, consisting of U.S. state and territorial Republican governors. The Republican Governors Association is dedicated to one primary objective: electing and supporting Republican governors.The current RGA chairman is Governor Pete Ricketts of Nebraska, who assumed the office in November 2018 at the RGA leadership conference in Scottsdale, Arizona. Texas Governor Greg Abbott was elected as vice chairman.The RGA's Executive Committee for 2019 includes Governors Doug Ducey of Arizona, Asa Hutchinson of Arkansas, Kim Reynolds of Iowa, Charlie Baker of Massachusetts, Phil Bryant of Mississippi, Doug Burgum of North Dakota, and Kristi Noem of South Dakota. In addition, Governor Eric Holcomb of Indiana was elected RGA Policy Chairman, and Governor Matt Bevin of Kentucky was elected RGA Policy Vice Chairman.Its Democratic Party counterpart is the Democratic Governors Association. The RGA is not directly affiliated with the non-partisan National Governors Association.

Secretary of State of Texas

The Texas Secretary of State is one of the six members of the executive department of the state of Texas, in the United States. Under the Texas Constitution, the appointment is made by the Governor, with confirmation by the Texas Senate. Rolando Pablos is the 111th person to hold the office. He was appointed by Greg Abbott, and sworn in on January 6, 2017. Pablos has announced his resignation, effective December 15, 2018.

The secretary of state is the chief elections officer, the protocol officer for state and international matters, and the liaison for the governor on Mexican and border matters.The Secretary of State offices are in the James Earl Rudder State Office Building at 1019 Brazos Street in Austin; the main building handles business and public filings, statutory documents, administrative code open meetings, and the UCC. The SOS elections office is on the second floor of the James Earl Rudder Building. The executive offices are in Room 1E.8 in the Texas State Capitol.

Texas Attorney General

The Texas Attorney General is the chief legal officer of the State of Texas. The current Attorney General Ken Paxton has served in this position since January 5, 2015.

The department has offices at the William P. Clements State Office Building in Downtown Austin.

Texas Education Agency

The Texas Education Agency (TEA) is a branch of the state government of Texas in the United States responsible for public education. The agency is headquartered in the William B. Travis State Office Building in Downtown Austin. Mike Morath, formerly a member of the Dallas Independent School District's board of trustees, was appointed commissioner of education by Texas Gov. Greg Abbott on Dec. 14, 2015 and began serving on Jan. 4, 2016.

Wendy Davis (politician)

Wendy Russell Davis (born Wendy Jean Russell; May 16, 1963) is an American lawyer and Democratic Party politician from Fort Worth, Texas. Davis represented District 10 in the Texas Senate from 2009 to 2015. She was previously on the Fort Worth City Council. She is now a public speaker and political commentator, as well as the founder of Deeds Not Words, a non-profit for engaging young women in politics.

On June 25, 2013, Davis held a thirteen-hour-long filibuster to block Senate Bill 5, a measure which included more restrictive abortion regulations for Texas. The filibuster played a major role in Senate Democrats' success in delaying passage of the bill beyond the midnight deadline for the end of the legislative session, though it ultimately passed in a second session. The filibuster brought Davis national attention, leading to speculation about a run for governor of Texas. She subsequently ran for governor of Texas in 2014, but was defeated by Republican Party nominee Greg Abbott, 59–38 percent.

Greg Abbott electoral history

Texas gubernatorial election, 2014: Governor[134]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Greg Abbott 2,790,227 59.3
Democratic Wendy Davis 1,832,254 38.9
Libertarian Kathie Glass 66,413 1.1
Green Brandon Parmer 18,494 0.4
Independent Sarah M. Pavitt 1,168 <0.1
Republican hold
Texas general election, 2010: Texas Attorney General[135]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Greg Abbott 3,151,064 64.1
Democratic Barbara Ann Radnofsky 1,655,859 33.7
Libertarian Jon Roland 112,118 2.3
Republican hold
Texas general election, 2006: Texas Attorney General[135]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Greg Abbott 2,556,063 59.5
Democratic David Van Os 1,599,069 37.2
Libertarian Jon Roland 139,668 3.3
Republican hold
Texas general election, 2002: Texas Attorney General[135]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Greg Abbott 2,542,184 56.7
Democratic Kirk Watson 1,841,359 41.1
Libertarian Jon Roland 56,880 1.3
Green David Keith Cobb 41,560 0.9
Republican hold
Texas general election, 1998: Texas Supreme Court, Place 3[135]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Greg Abbott 2,104,828 60.1
Democratic David Van Os 1,396,924 39.9
Republican hold
Statewide political officials of Texas
U.S. Senators
State government
Supreme Court (civil)
Texas Court of Criminal Appeals
Republic of Texas (1836–45)
State of Texas (1846–present)

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