Greenwich /ˈɡrɛnɪtʃ/ is a town in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 61,171. It is the 10th largest municipality in Connecticut, and the largest that functions as a town (the remaining largest municipalities in the state function as cities).
The largest town on Connecticut's Gold Coast, Greenwich is home to many hedge funds and other financial service firms. Greenwich is the southernmost and westernmost municipality in Connecticut as well as in the six-state region of New England. It is roughly 40 to 50 minutes by train from Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan. CNN/Money and Money magazine ranked Greenwich 12th on its list of the "100 Best Places to Live in the United States" in 2005. The town is named after Greenwich, a Royal borough of London in the United Kingdom.
Location in Connecticut
Greenwich (the United States)
|• Type||Representative town meeting|
|• First selectman||Peter Tesei (R)|
|• Town administrator||Benjamin Branyan|
|• Town meeting moderator||Thomas J. Byrne|
|• Total||67.2 sq mi (174.0 km2)|
|• Land||47.8 sq mi (123.8 km2)|
|• Water||19.4 sq mi (50.3 km2)|
|Elevation||131 ft (40 m)|
|• Density||928.5/sq mi (358.5/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC–5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC–4 (Eastern)|
06807, 06830, 06831, 06870, 06878, 06836
|GNIS feature ID||213435|
The town of Greenwich was settled in 1640. One of the founders was Elizabeth Fones Winthrop, daughter-in-law of John Winthrop, founder and Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. What is now called Greenwich Point was known for much of the area's early history as "Elizabeth's Neck" in recognition of Elizabeth Fones and their 1640 purchase of the Point and much of the area now known as Old Greenwich. Greenwich was declared a township by the General Assembly in Hartford on May 11, 1665.
For many years, Greenwich Point (locally termed "Tod's Point"), was open only to town residents and their guests. However, a lawyer sued, saying his rights to freedom of assembly were threatened because he was not allowed to go there. The lower courts disagreed, but the Supreme Court of Connecticut agreed, and Greenwich was forced to amend its beach access policy to all four beaches in 2001. These beaches include Greenwich Point Park, Island Beach, Great Captain Island, and Byram Park.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 67.2 square miles (174 km2), of which 47.8 square miles (124 km2) is land and 19.4 square miles (50 km2), or 28.88%, is water. In terms of area, Greenwich is twice the size of Manhattan. The town is bordered to the west and north by Westchester County, New York, to the east by the city of Stamford, and faces the Village of Bayville to the south across the Long Island Sound. If you travel far enough east from Greenwich, you eventually hit Long Island at its extremity. Therefore, Greenwich is in a geographically exceptional position, being in a sense surrounded by New York.
The Census Bureau recognizes seven CDPs within the town: Byram, Cos Cob, Glenville, Old Greenwich, Pemberwick, Riverside, and a "Greenwich" CDP covering a portion of town. The USPS lists separate zip codes for Greenwich, Cos Cob, Old Greenwich, and Riverside. Additionally, Greenwich is often further divided into several smaller, unofficial neighborhoods. Longtime residents have a fierce loyalty and superior opinion of their particular neighborhood.
The Hispanic population is concentrated in the southwestern corner of the town. In 2011, numerous neighborhoods were voted by the Business Insider as being the richest neighborhoods in America.
Calf Island, a 29-acre (120,000 m2) island about 3,000 feet (910 m) from the Byram shore in Greenwich, is open for visitors, although as of the summer of 2006 it was getting relatively few of them.
More than half of the island (on the west side) is a bird sanctuary off-limits to members of the public without permission to visit. The island is available for overnight stays for those with permits, otherwise the east side is open from dawn till dusk.
Great Captain Island is also off the coast of Greenwich, and is the southernmost point in Connecticut. There is a Coast Guard lighthouse on this island, as well as a designated area as a bird sanctuary. The lighthouse is a Skeletal Tower.
Island Beach or "Little Captain Island" once was the venue for the town's annual Island Beach Day. Ventriloquist Paul Winchell and his dummy, Jerry Mahoney, once came for a show, and on another occasion the National Guard let adults and children fire machine guns into the water, according to an article in the Greenwich Time.
Island Beach has changed over the decades. The bathhouse once on the island's eastern shore is gone, and erosion is slowly eating away at the beaches themselves.
Greenwich experiences a humid continental climate; however, it is quite close to a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa). During winter storms, it is common for the area north of the Merritt Parkway to receive significantly heavier snowfall than the area closer to the coast, due to the moderating influence of Long Island Sound.
As of the census of 2000, there were 61,101 people, 23,230 households, and 16,237 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,277.6 people per square mile (493.2/km²). There were 24,511 housing units at an average density of 512.5 per square mile (197.9/km²). As of the census of 2013, the racial makeup of the town was 80.90% White, 4.90% African American, 0.10% Native American, 7.80% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, and 2.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.90% of the population.
There were 23,230 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the town the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 25.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $124,958, and the median income for a family was $167,825. Males had a median income of $95,085 versus $47,806 for females. The per capita income for the town was $92,759 per 2010 census. About 2.5% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.
Greenwich is the wealthiest town in Connecticut with an Adjusted Equalized Net Grand List per Capita (AENGLC) of $679,857.09. The AENGLC is a combination of both the property tax base per person and income per person. This is a measure of the personal wealth of individual residents, considering their real estate and income. Darien is second with $567,716.62, and New Canaan third at $563,919.93.
The median price for a single-family home in town was $1.7 million in 2006, when about 140 properties sold for $5 million or more, according to Prudential Connecticut Realty. In 2007, the highest asking prices for residential property in town were $39.5 million for the 76-acre (310,000 m2) estate of actor Mel Gibson on Old Mill Road, $19.7 million for a 13,000-square-foot (1,200 m2) mansion on 8.7 acres (35,000 m2) with a private lake, and $38 million for an estate with formal gardens and a greenhouse the size of a cottage.
Companies in Greenwich include:
According to Greenwich's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the town are:
|#||Employer||No. of employees|
|1||Town of Greenwich||2,366|
|3||Orograin Bakeries (division of Bimbo Bakeries USA)||500|
|4||Blue Sky Studios||400|
|5||Hyatt Regency - Greenwich||650|
|6||Greenwich Woods Rehabilitation & Health Care Center||235|
|7||Tudor Investment Corporation||227|
Arch Street, The Greenwich Teen Center has age-specific programs and events on weekdays and weekends.
|2016||39.1% 12,215||56.5% 17,630|
|2012||55.2% 16,456||43.9% 13,078|
The town of Greenwich is one political and taxing body, but consists of several distinct sections or neighborhoods, such as Banksville, Byram, Cos Cob, Glenville, Mianus, Old Greenwich, Riverside and Greenwich (sometimes referred to as central, or downtown, Greenwich). Of these neighborhoods, three (Cos Cob, Old Greenwich, and Riverside) have separate postal names and ZIP codes.
The town has three Selectmen and a Representative Town Meeting (RTM). The RTM must approve all budgets, and consists of 230 elected representatives. RTM members are not paid. The three selectmen are elected on a town-wide basis, although each person can only vote for two members. This assures that there will almost always be one Democrat and two Republicans or two Democrats and one Republican. While voter registration is skewed in the Republicans' favor, they do not have a lock on the First Selectman's chair, and Democrats have held the seat recently. Many of the other town committees have equal representation between Democrats and Republicans, regardless of the vote breakdown, since each individual can only vote for half as many seats as are available.
|Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 31, 2012|
|Party||Active voters||Inactive voters||Total voters||Percentage|
Greenwich Public Schools operates the public schools. Greenwich High School is the district's sole high school. As of 2012 elementary schools had the same pattern of racial segregation as the town as a whole with Hispanic students concentrated in the two elementary schools in the southwestern corner of the district, New Lebanon and Hamilton Avenue. The 3 middle schools have balanced enrollment. There is a Connecticut racial diversity law which requires that the percentage of students in an ethnic group in a school may not deviate by more than 25% from the average for the district. Thus, as of 2013, the district was out of compliance and was searching for solutions.
High Schools: Greenwich High School
List is in reverse chronological order of movies filmed (or partially filmed) in Greenwich:
The town is served by the Metro-North Railroad's New Haven Line (the four stations, from west to east, are Greenwich, Cos Cob, Riverside, and Old Greenwich) and is approximately a 50-minute train ride to Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan on the express train and a 60-minute ride on the local. The Amtrak Acela, Northeast Regional, and Vermonter trains stop in the adjacent city of Stamford.
Interstate 95 goes through the southern end of town, and there are four exits from I-95 in Greenwich, exits 2 through 5. The Boston Post Road (also known as East or West Putnam Avenue or simply Route 1) also goes through town, as does the Merritt Parkway, although the Merritt Parkway is a considerable distance from the downtown area. Interstate 684 passes through Greenwich, but cannot be entered or exited there, and the nearest interchange is at the Westchester County Airport in New York State.
Westchester County Airport is the closest commercial airport to Greenwich. It takes approximately 15 minutes to drive from the town's center. This is followed by LaGuardia Airport in Queens, New York, a 35-minute drive approximately. John F. Kennedy International Airport in Queens, New York, is the closest international airport, a one-hour drive approximately. Newark Liberty International Airport in New Jersey is also easily accessible from Greenwich, taking approximately one hour to drive to.
Two bridges in Greenwich were among 12 in the state listed in "critical" condition by state safety inspectors as of August 2007. The Riversville Road bridge, built in the 1950s, now has a weight limit of 3 tons, but as of August 5, 2007, the bridge had not been inspected in over two years (in March 2005), according to state records obtained by the Hartford Courant, although a state official said the bridge was inspected in August 2005 and would be inspected again in August 2007. In the March 2005 inspection, the bridge's above-ground structure was deemed to be in critical condition, with other components in poor condition. The Bailiwick Road bridge in town was closed in April 2007 and remained closed as of August 2007 due to storm damage. The ratings for the two bridges were worse than the Interstate 35W bridge in Minneapolis, which collapsed during rush hour on August 1, 2007.
According to the DataHaven Community Wellbeing Survey, a statewide program funded by various agencies and philanthropies, 4% of adults in Greenwich are "transportation insecure," meaning that they have had to stay at home during the past year due to a lack of adequate transportation. The comparable rate for all adults statewide is 13%.
The town of Greenwich is protected by the paid career members of the Greenwich Fire Department (GFD) and eight all-volunteer fire companies, in addition to a Fire Police Patrol. The paid GFD is made up of 106 paid firefighters, who staff 6 Engine Companies and 1 Truck Company, as well as several special units, in 6 Fire Stations (shared with volunteer companies), under the command of a Deputy Chief (Tour Commander) per shift, who in-turn reports to the Chief of Department. The 7 volunteer fire companies are made up of a total of approximately 100 volunteer firefighters, who man 9 volunteer Engines, 2 volunteer Ladders, 4 Tankers, 6 Squads, 3 Utility Units, 3 Marine Units (Fireboats), 1 Dive Rescue Unit, 1 Special Operations Unit, 1 Heavy Rescue and several other support units. The volunteer fire companies are quartered in 7 of the Fire Stations, located throughout the town, and respond to emergency calls with the paid GFD Units. The all-volunteer fire companies are each commanded by a District Chief, who in-turn reports to a Deputy Chief of the GFD, who reports to the Chief of Department. There is also the Cos Cob Fire Police Patrol, one of the only remaining Fire Police Patrols in Fairfield County, Connecticut. The Patrol operates 2 Units, Patrol 2 (P2) and Utility 2 (U2). The paid Greenwich Fire Department and the 7 all-volunteer Greenwich Fire Companies respond to, on average, approximately 5,000 emergency calls annually.
Located at 11 Bruce Place, GPD has 87 Police Officers, 22 Detectives, 19 Sergeants, 10 Lieutenants, 3 Captains, and one Deputy Chief with 20+ civilian dispatchers and administrative personnel. and includes a K-9 unit. The current Chief of Police is Jim Heavey while the First Selectman is Police Commissioner.
Byram Shubert Library Cos Cob Library Greenwich Library Perrot Library
Greenwich originally had only three sister cities, but in recent years has added two more. In 2013 the Town also become sister city to Rose, Cosenza, Italy and Morra de Sanctis, Avellino, Italy. An interesting fact to note is that today there are more descendants of Rosetani immigrants living in Greenwich, Connecticut than there are people living in the Town of Rose. :
At least two tractor-trailer trucks and two passenger cars went into the Mianus River early this morning when a Connecticut Turnpike bridge over it collapsed, the Connecticut state police said.
Bijou Lilly Phillips (born April 1, 1980) is an American actress, model, socialite, and singer. The daughter of musician John Phillips and Geneviève Waïte, she began her career as a model, and at 13, became one of the youngest people to ever appear on the cover of Italian Vogue. Phillips made her singing debut with I'd Rather Eat Glass (1999), and since her first major film appearance in Black and White (1999), she has acted in Almost Famous (2000), Bully (2001), The Door in the Floor (2004), Hostel: Part II (2007), and Choke (2008). From 2010 to 2013, she played the recurring role of Lucy Carlyle on the television series Raising Hope.Brunswick School
Brunswick School is a PK–12 private, college-preparatory day school for boys in Greenwich, Connecticut, United States. It was founded in 1902 by George B. Carmichael.Convent of the Sacred Heart (Connecticut)
Sacred Heart Greenwich, formally known as the Convent of the Sacred Heart, is a private, independent Catholic all-girls school from kindergarten through twelfth grade with a coed preschool and prekindergarten located in Greenwich, Connecticut. As an independent day school, it is privately operated within the Roman Catholic Diocese of Bridgeport and accepts students from throughout Fairfield and Westchester County. It serves students ages 3–18 in preschool through twelfth grade.Eldridge Industries
Eldridge Industries LLC is a private equity investment firm headquartered in Greenwich, Connecticut, with offices in New York, London and Beverly Hills. The firm invests in businesses across several industries, including, media, sports, hospitality, insurance, real estate development and asset management.Evan Ross
Evan Olav Næss (born August 26, 1988), known professionally as Evan Ross, is an American actor and musician. He made his acting debut in the comedy-drama film ATL (2006), and has since starred in the films Pride (2007), According to Greta (2009), Mooz-lum (2010), 96 Minutes (2011), Supremacy (2014), The Hunger Games: Mockingjay – Part 1 (2014) and Part 2 (2015).
On television, Ross had recurring role as Charlie Selby in the season 3 of The CW's teen drama series 90210 and a regular role as Angel Rivera in the season 2 of Fox's musical drama series Star, as well as starred on ABC's procedural drama series Wicked City as Diver Hawkes. As a musician, he released his first single "Yes Me" in February 2011, and his second single "How To Live Alone" in May 2015.
Ross is the son of the late mountaineer Arne Næss Jr. and the Supremes lead singer Diana Ross. He has been married since 2014 to singer-songwriter Ashlee Simpson, with whom he has a daughter.Glenville (Greenwich)
Glenville is a neighborhood and census-designated place in the town of Greenwich in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 2,327. It is located in the western part of Greenwich at the falls of the Byram River, which provided waterpower when this was a mill village. The area is home to Glenville Elementary school, Western Civic Center and a volunteer fire station, the Glenville Fire Department.
The town of Greenwich is one political and taxing body, but consists of several distinct sections or neighborhoods, such as Banksville, Byram, Cos Cob, Glenville, Mianus, Old Greenwich, Riverside and Greenwich (sometimes referred to as central, or downtown, Greenwich). Of these neighborhoods, three (Cos Cob, Old Greenwich, and Riverside) have separate postal names and ZIP codes.Greenwich High School
Greenwich High School is a four-year public high school in Greenwich, Connecticut, United States. The school is part of the Greenwich Public Schools system and serves roughly 2,500 students.
It offers over 295 courses and a wide variety of co-curricular and extra-curricular activities. Greenwich High School was ranked by Newsweek among the 100 top U.S. high schools in 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015.Greenwich Time (newspaper)
Greenwich Time is a daily newspaper based in Greenwich, Connecticut, United States. The paper shares an editor and publisher with The Advocate of nearby Stamford, Connecticut. Both papers are owned and operated by the Hearst Corporation.
In 1977, Southern Connecticut Newspapers, which owned the Time and the Stamford Advocate, was acquired by Times Mirror. Times Mirror was acquired by Tribune in 2000.In March 2007, Tribune announced it would sell the two papers to Gannett for US$73 million, but the deal fell through when Gannett refused to honor 35 Advocate newsroom workers' union contract with Local 2110 of United Auto Workers.The Time and its sister paper, The Advocate, were sold to Hearst for US$62.4 million by Tribune Company in a deal that closed November 1, 2007. The sale did not include Tribune-owned land in Stamford and Greenwich, including the papers' printing presses. Hearst prints both The Advocate and the Time at the Connecticut Post plant in Bridgeport.
Following the Tribune sale, the Post was owned by MediaNews, which managed The Advocate and Greenwich Time for Hearst until Hearst bought out MediaNews in 2008.On August 8, 2008 the Hearst Corporation acquired the Connecticut Post (Bridgeport, Conn.) and www.ConnPost.com, including seven non-daily newspapers, from MediaNews Group, Inc. and assumed management control of three additional daily newspapers in Fairfield County, Conn., including The Advocate (Stamford), Greenwich Time (Greenwich), and The News-Times (Danbury), which had been managed for Hearst by MediaNews under a management agreement that began in April 2007.John Sullivan (center)
John Sullivan (born August 8, 1985) is an American football center who is currently a free agent. He played college football at Notre Dame and was drafted by the Minnesota Vikings in the sixth round of the 2008 NFL Draft. He has also played for the Washington Redskins.Linda Purl
Linda Purl (born September 2, 1955) is an American actress and singer, known for her roles as Sheila Munroe in the 1982 horror film Visiting Hours, and Ben Matlock's daughter Charlene Matlock for the first season of the television series Matlock.National Register of Historic Places listings in Greenwich, Connecticut
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Greenwich, Connecticut.
This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Greenwich. The locations of National Register properties and districts for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are included below, may be seen in an online map.There are 286 properties and districts listed on the National Register in Fairfield County. This list covers the 34 properties located partially or entirely in Greenwich. Ones in Bridgeport or Stamford are covered in National Register of Historic Places listings in Bridgeport, Connecticut, or in National Register of Historic Places listings in Stamford, Connecticut. The remainder are covered in National Register of Historic Places listings in Fairfield County, Connecticut.Old Greenwich, Connecticut
Old Greenwich is a neighborhood/section and census-designated place in Greenwich in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 6,611. It was founded in 1641. Old Greenwich has become extremely popular for home buyers and currently ranks at 7th place among the nation's wealthiest communities in an annual Bloomberg report published March 5, 2018, "America's 100 Richest Places".The town of Greenwich is one political and taxing body, but consists of several distinct sections or neighborhoods, such as Banksville, Byram, Cos Cob, Glenville, Mianus, Old Greenwich, Riverside and Greenwich (sometimes referred to as central, or downtown, Greenwich). Of these neighborhoods, three (Cos Cob, Old Greenwich, and Riverside) have separate postal names and ZIP codes.Sacred Heart Church (Greenwich, Connecticut)
Sacred Heart Church is a Roman Catholic church in Greenwich, Connecticut, part of the Diocese of Bridgeport.St. Agnes Church (Greenwich, Connecticut)
St. Agnes is a Roman Catholic parish church in Greenwich, Connecticut, part of the Diocese of Bridgeport. The church architecture is notable as an example of the adaptive reuse of an early twentieth-century estate carriage house; it has been substantially renovated over the years for more serviceable ecclesiastical means.St. Mary's Church (Greenwich, Connecticut)
St. Mary is a Roman Catholic church in Greenwich, Connecticut, part of the Diocese of Bridgeport.St. Paul Church (Connecticut)
St. Paul is a Roman Catholic church in the Glenville section of Greenwich, Connecticut, part of the Diocese of Bridgeport. This is one of the only parishes in Connecticut that also serve parishioners who live in New York.St. Roch Church (Greenwich, Connecticut)
St. Roch is a Roman Catholic church in Greenwich, Connecticut, part of the Diocese of Bridgeport.
Although the Parish of St.Roch was formally established in 1938, it had been preceded by a mission church and it for this mission that the church was built. The large Romanesque Revival stone church was designed by noted architect Frank Urso of Stamford, CT who had designed the Norwalk Hotel in Bridgeport six years earlier. The church was built during the Great Depression and, according to ‘‘One Family in Faith a History of the Diocese of Bridgeport’’, a pastor of that period had acoustical tile installed in the sanctuary to muffle the nickels and dimes that came in for the construction of the church.Tom Noonan
Tom Noonan (born April 12, 1951) is an American actor, director, and screenwriter, perhaps best known for his role as Francis Dollarhyde in Manhunter (1986), Frankenstein's Monster in The Monster Squad (1987), Cain in RoboCop 2 (1990), The Ripper in Last Action Hero (1993), Bill Lacey in Tales from the Darkside (1984), Sammy Barnathan in Synecdoche, New York (2008) and as the voice of everyone else in Anomalisa (2015).Townsquare Media
Townsquare Media, Inc. (formerly Regent Communications until 2010) is an American radio network and media company based in Greenwich, Connecticut. The company started in radio and expanded into digital media toward the end of the 2000s, starting with the acquisition of the MOG Music Network. As of 2018, Townsquare was the third-largest AM–FM operator in the country, owning over 320 radio stations in 66 markets.
|Climate data for Greenwich, Connecticut|
|Average high °F (°C)||35
|Average low °F (°C)||21
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||4.32
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||7.7
|Source #1: Weather Channel|
|Source #2: WeatherDB|
|Primary and secondary schools|
This list is incomplete.
Some areas with "Greenwich, Connecticut" postal addresses are in Banksville, New York. These areas are not in this template.
Municipalities and communities of Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States
‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties
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|Cities and towns|
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