Greens South Australia

Australian Greens SA[1] is a green political party located in the Australian state of South Australia. It is a member of the federation of the Australian Greens party.

The party has three members in the federal and state parliaments: Sarah Hanson-Young in the Senate and Mark Parnell and Tammy Franks in the South Australian Legislative Council.

Australian Greens SA
Headquarters239 Wright St
Adelaide SA 5000
IdeologyGreen politics,
Social progressivism
International affiliationGlobal Greens
Asia-Pacific Green Network
South Australian Legislative Council
2 / 22
Australian Senate (SA)
1 / 12

Electoral history

Prior to 1995, a very small local Green party not connected to the emerging Australian Greens contested a number of State and Federal elections. This party was more or less non-functioning by the time Mark Parnell called the first meetings to establish a new Green Party in 1995. It took a number of attempts to get the new party off the ground, however a visit to Adelaide by Bob Brown in late 1995 provided the necessary impetus to register the new party.

The Australian Greens (SA) first ran in the 1996 federal election and the 1997 state election. In both elections they received around two percent of the statewide upper house vote.

Since that time, the Greens SA have steadily built up a support base at state and federal elections, partly due to the demise of the Democrats. The Greens SA now have two MLCs and two Senators, with polling for the 2013 federal and 2014 state elections by Newspoll showing the Green vote consistently above 10 percent. The Greens SA lost their second Senate seat in the 2016 federal election, following a 1.22% decline in the Greens' Senate vote.

2002 Labor defection

Kris Hanna, the member for Mitchell, was elected as a Labor member in 1997, but changed to The Greens in 2003. Hanna left the party in February 2006, citing constituents' wishes for him not to be bound to any party.[2]

2006 state election

At the 2006 state election, Environmental lawyer Mark Parnell became the first Green candidate to be elected in South Australia, securing a position in the Legislative Council on a primary vote of 4.3 percent. A vote of 6.5 percent was achieved in the House of Assembly.

The best lower house result was in the electoral district of Heysen, on a primary vote of 17.7 percent. Heysen was also the Democrats closest lower house win, coming as close as 1.9 percent at the 1997 state election on a primary vote of 29.2 percent, finishing at 48.1 percent after preferences.

2007 federal election

Fourth on the 2006 state ticket, Sarah Hanson-Young was first on the ticket at the 2007 federal election, and became South Australia's first Greens Senator. She won the sixth and final South Australian Senate position with a primary vote of 6.5 percent. The strongest Green votes in the Senate came from Adelaide, Boothby and Mayo.[3]

2008 Mayo federal by-election

Sparked by the resignation of Liberal Party MP Alexander Downer, a Mayo by-election was held in 2008. Labor chose not to contest the by-election. Greens candidate Lynton Vonow finished second, on a primary vote of 21.35 percent amongst a field of 11 candidates, a swing of 10.39 percent, and finished on a final vote of 46.97 percent after the distribution of preferences, falling narrowly short of taking the seat from the Liberals.

2010 state election

Prior to the 2010 state election, the Greens had gone from four to ten percent and above in state Newspolls.[4] In the lower house, the vote increased to 8.1 percent, with the upper house vote to 6.6 percent which elected Tammy Jennings (now Tammy Franks).

2010 federal election

At the 2010 federal election, polls showed a similar substantial increase. The Greens SA received a swing of 6.8 percent in South Australia for the Australian Senate, to finish with 13.3 percent of the statewide vote. Penny Wright was subsequently elected, joining Hanson-Young and 7 other Green Senators from July 2011.[5][6]

2013 federal election

Hanson-Young was re-elected at the 2013 federal election with a statewide primary vote of 7.1 percent. The Greens polled strongest in the seat of Mayo with over 14 percent of the primary vote.

2014 state election

15 of 47 electorates in South Australia had a Green vote of above 10 percent at the 2014 state election. At the 2013 federal election, of 11 seats, the Green vote was above 10 percent in Adelaide, Boothby and Mayo.

Parnell was re-elected at the 2014 election with the upper house statewide primary vote at 6.5 percent. The lower house statewide primary vote was 8.7 percent.

Lynton Vonow contested the seat of Heysen for the Greens and came second after preferences with a 39 percent two-candidate preferred vote from a 19.7 percent primary vote. The Greens have consistently polled strongest in Heysen but with preferences overtook the Labor candidate. The Greens also polled well in seats such as Kavel and Davenport with primary votes over 15 percent.

2015 Senate casual vacancy

Penny Wright resigned from the Senate due to family reasons in September 2015. Later that month, Robert Simms was appointed to the casual vacancy by a joint sitting of the Parliament of South Australia.[7]

2016 federal election

When Prime Minister Turnbull announced in March 2016 that a double dissolution would be taking place in May and an election in July,[8] the party was forced for the first time to choose between their two senators, and preselected Sarah Hanson-Young to the number 1 preference on the Senate ballot, with Robert Simms at number 2.[9] Only Hanson-Young was reelected, being assigned a 3-year term.

State election results

Legislative Assembly

Election Seats won Total votes % Position Parliamentary Leader
0 / 47
1,910 0.21% Not in chamber
0 / 47
22,332 2.36% Not in chamber
0 / 47
60,949 6.49% Not in chamber
0 / 47
79,535 8.11% Not in chamber Mark Parnell
0 / 47
88,600 8.70% Not in chamber Mark Parnell
0 / 47
69,826 6.66% Not in chamber Mark Parnell

Legislative Council

Election Seats won Total votes % Position Convenor
0 / 22
15,377 1.72% Not in chamber
0 / 22
25,725 2.8% Not in chamber
1 / 22
39,852 4.3% Crossbench
2 / 22
63,358 6.6% Crossbench Mark Parnell
2 / 22
65,215 6.5% Crossbench Mark Parnell
2 / 22
61,610 5.86% Crossbench Mark Parnell


State Council

The party's State Council meets once a quarter to deal with the party’s administrative matters. The party also has a Policy and Campaigning Council, which includes representatives from branches and member action groups and meets every two months to shape the party’s strategic priorities


Branches are where new members first meet other Greens, talk politics and policy, get involved in local campaigning and fundraising, and find out about what else is going on.

Member action groups

A variety of member action groups have been established by the State Council, which are directly accessible to all Greens members. Working groups perform an advisory function by developing policy, conducte issues-based campaigns, or by performing other tasks assigned by the State Council. These groups include:

  • Indigenous Issues
  • Animal welfare
  • Greenhouse, energy and nuclear
  • Queer Greens
  • Young Greens

Members of Parliament

Federal Parliament

Sarah Hanson-Young

Sarah Hanson-Young, Greens SA Senator elected in 2007.

Former federal members

State Parliament

Mark Parnell Portrait 2009

Mark Parnell, Greens SA MLC elected in 2006.

Tammy franks crop

Tammy Franks, Greens SA MLC elected in 2010.

Former state members

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Hanna leaves Greens to run as independent. 08/02/2006. ABC News Online". 8 February 2006. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  3. ^ "Graph 12, Page 10". Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  4. ^ Greens gain from protest over climate: The Advertiser 18 December 2009
  5. ^ "SA Senate 2010 results". AEC. Archived from the original on 23 September 2010.
  6. ^ "SA Senate 2010 seats". ABC. 29 July 2010. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  7. ^ "Adelaide City councillor Robert Simms to take Greens Senate seat". ABC News. 3 September 2015. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  8. ^ "Malcolm Turnbull recalls Parliament for April 18 sitting ahead of early election". The Sydney Morning Herald. 21 March 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  9. ^ "Greens senator Simms faces election fight". SBS News. 2 May 2016. Retrieved 3 May 2016.

External links

1990 Australian federal election

Federal elections were held in Australia on 24 March 1990. All 148 seats in the House of Representatives and 40 seats in the 76-member Senate were up for election. The incumbent Australian Labor Party led by Bob Hawke defeated the opposition Liberal Party of Australia led by Andrew Peacock with coalition partner the National Party of Australia led by Charles Blunt. The election saw the reelection of a Hawke government, the fourth successive term.

Future opposition leader Simon Crean entered parliament at this election.

1993 Australian federal election

The 1993 Australian federal election was held to determine the members of the 37th Parliament of Australia. It was held on 13 March 1993. All 147 seats of the House of Representatives and 40 seats of the 76-seat Senate were up for election. The incumbent centre-left Australian Labor Party government led by Prime Minister Paul Keating was re-elected to a fifth term, defeating the centre-right Liberal/National Coalition led by Opposition Leader John Hewson of the Liberal Party, and coalition partner Tim Fischer of the National Party.

The Labor Party under Paul Keating prevailed, against general expectations, with an increase in its majority.

Australian Greens

The Australian Greens, commonly known as The Greens, are a green political party in Australia.

The party was formed in 1992 and is a confederation of eight state and territorial parties. In addition to environmentalism, the party cites four core values: ecological sustainability, social justice, grassroots democracy and peace and non-violence.Party constituencies can be traced to various origins – notably the early environmental movement in Australia and the formation of the United Tasmania Group (UTG), one of the first green parties in the world, but also the nuclear disarmament movement in Western Australia and sections of the industrial left in New South Wales. Co-ordination between environmentalist groups occurred in the 1980s with various significant protests. Key people involved in these campaigns included Bob Brown and Christine Milne who went on to contest and win seats in the Tasmanian Parliament and eventually form the Tasmanian Greens; both Brown and Milne subsequently became leaders of the federal party.

Following the 2016 federal election, the Australian Greens have nine senators and one member in the lower house, 23 elected representatives across state and territory parliaments, more than 100 local councillors, and over 15,000 party members (as of 2016).

Candidates of the 1993 Australian federal election

This article provides information on candidates who stood for the 1993 Australian federal election. The election was held on 13 March 1993.

Members of the Australian Senate, 2008–2011

This is a list of members of the Australian Senate between 1 July 2008 and 30 June 2011. Half of the state senators had been elected at the November 2007 election and had terms due to finish on 30 June 2014; the other half of the state senators were elected at the October 2004 election and had terms due to finish on 30 June 2011. The territory senators were elected at the November 2007 election and their terms ended at the next federal election, which was August 2010. The new Senate first met in August 2008, with state senators elected in 2007 sworn in on 26 August 2008.

Assuming party discipline, the Gillard Labor government needed the support of either the Coalition, or of all the other non-Coalition senators to pass legislation.

Members of the Australian Senate, 2011–2014

This is a list of members of the Australian Senate between 2011 and 2014. Half of the state senators had been elected at the November 2007 election and had terms due to finish on 30 June 2014; the other half of the state senators were elected at the August 2010 election and had terms due to finish on 30 June 2017. The territory senators were elected at the August 2010 election and their terms ended at the next federal election, which was September 2013. The new Senate first met in July 2011, with state senators elected in 2010 sworn in on 4 July 2011.

Members of the Australian Senate, 2014–2016

This is a list of members of the Australian Senate between July 2014 and May 2016. Half of the state senators had been elected at the August 2010 election and had terms due to finish on 30 June 2017; the other half of the state senators were elected at the September 2013 election and had terms due to finish on 30 June 2020. The territory senators were elected at the September 2013 election and their terms ended at the dissolution of the House of Representatives, which was May 2016. The new Senate first met in July 2014, with state senators elected in 2013 sworn in on 7 July 2014. Ascertaining the chamber's final composition was complicated by the loss of 1,375 ballot papers in Western Australia, leading to the Court of Disputed Returns voiding the result there, and necessitating a special Senate election in Western Australia (held on 5 April 2014).

All senators' terms were truncated when the double dissolution deadlock provisions were triggered in 2016, leading to the dissolution of all of both houses of parliament on 9 May 2016 which led to a full-senate election, rather than a more common half-senate election, at the 2 July 2016 general election.

Members of the Australian Senate, 2016–2019

This is a list of members of the Australian Senate following the 2016 Australian federal election held on 2 July 2016. The election was held as a consequence of a double dissolution in which both houses of parliament were dissolved. Ordinarily, only half of the senators terms end at each election. In this case, all 76 senators were elected. At the first sitting following the election, half of the senators representing each of the six states of Australia were allocated six-year terms to end on 30 June 2022, with the remainder allocated three-year terms to end on 30 June 2019. The terms of senators from the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory end on the day of the next federal election.In accordance with section 13 of the Constitution, it was left to the Senate to decide which Senators were allocated six- and three-year terms. The senate resolved that the first elected six of twelve Senators in each state would serve six-year terms, while the other six elected in each state would serve three-year terms. This had been the Senate practice on all seven previous occasions that required allocation of long and short terms. In 1983 the Joint Select Committee on Electoral Reform had unanimously recommended an alternative "recount" method to reflect proportional representation, and section 282 of the Commonwealth Electoral Act was inserted to provide for a recount on that basis. This alternative method had been supported by both major parties in senate resolutions passed in 1998 and 2010. Despite the previous resolutions, an agreement between Liberal's Mathias Cormann and Labor's Penny Wong led the Senate to choose the first-elected method again. This method allocated six year terms to Labor's Deborah O'Neill in New South Wales and Liberal's Scott Ryan in Victoria. The Greens' Lee Rhiannon and the Justice Party's Derryn Hinch were allocated three year terms. Both methods of allocation had the same outcome for all other senators.

Results of the 1990 Australian federal election (Senate)

The following tables show state-by-state results in the Australian Senate at the 1990 federal election. Senators total 31 coalition (29 Liberal, one coalition National, one CLP), 32 Labor, one WA Green, three non-coalition National, eight Democrats, and one Independent. Senator terms are six years (three for territories), and took their seats from 1 July 1990, except the territories who took their seats immediately.

Tammy Franks

Tammy Anne Franks (née Jennings; born July 1968) is an Australian politician who was elected to the South Australian Legislative Council for the SA Greens at the 2010 state election.

Whyalla Steelworks

The Whyalla Steelworks is a fully integrated steelworks and the only manufacturer of rail in Australia. Iron ore is mined in the Middleback Range to feed the steelworks, resulting in the distribution of finished steel products of over 90 different grades. It occupies a 1,000 ha site on the shore of False Bay, Spencer Gulf and is the largest employer in Whyalla, South Australia.

Approximately 1.2 million tonnes of raw steel is produced in the steelworks each year, with about 65% of that transferred by rail to Arrium's Market Mills as billets for further processing. The balance of the steel is then converted to finished products at the Whyalla Rolling Mill. These products service the construction and rail transport industries.

Dust emissions from the steelworks became a controversial topic in 2005 after legislation was rewritten to nullify a legal battle between OneSteel and the South Australian Environmental Protection Agency. The steelworks is open to the public for guided tours which can be booked at the Whyalla Visitors Centre.

Liberal (9)
Labor (8)
SA-Best (2)
Greens (2)
Advance SA (1)
Parliamentary Leaders
Deputy Parliamentary Leaders
State divisions
See also

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