The Green Party of England and Wales (GPEW; Welsh: Plaid Werdd Cymru a Lloegr) is a green, left-wing political party in England and Wales. Headquartered in London, since September 2018, its co-leaders are Siân Berry and Jonathan Bartley. The Green Party has one representative in the House of Commons, one in the House of Lords, and seven in the European Parliament. In addition, it has various councillors in UK local government and two members of the London Assembly.
The party's ideology combines environmentalism with left-wing and Centre Left economic policies, including well-funded, locally controlled public services within the confines of a steady state economy with regulated Capitalism, and it supports proportional representation. It also takes a progressive approach to social policies such as civil liberties, animal rights, LGBT rights and drug policy reform. The party also believes strongly in nonviolence, basic income, a living wage, and democratic participation. The party comprises various regional divisions, including the semi-autonomous Wales Green Party. Internationally, the party is affiliated to the Global Greens and the European Green Party.
The Green Party of England and Wales was established in 1990 alongside the Scottish Green Party and the Green Party in Northern Ireland through the division of the pre-existing Green Party, a group which had originally been established as the PEOPLE Party in 1973. Experiencing centralising reforms spearheaded by the Green 2000 group in the early 1990s, the party sought to emphasise growth in local governance, doing so throughout the 1990s. In 2010, the party gained its first MP in former leader Caroline Lucas, who represents the constituency of Brighton Pavilion.
The Green Party of England and Wales
|Leader||Jonathan Bartley and Siân Berry|
|Deputy leader||Amelia Womack|
|Preceded by||Green Party (UK)|
|Headquarters||The Biscuit Factory|
Unit 215 J Block
100 Clements Road
|Youth wing||Young Greens of England and Wales|
|European affiliation||European Green Party|
|International affiliation||Global Greens|
|European Parliament group||The Greens–European Free Alliance|
|House of Commons (English and Welsh seats)|
1 / 573
|House of Lords|
1 / 776
7 / 64
|National Assembly for Wales|
0 / 60
2 / 25
|Local government (England & Wales)|
379 / 19,023
The Green Party of England and Wales has its origins in the PEOPLE Party, which was founded in Coventry, Warwickshire, in February 1972. PEOPLE was renamed The Ecology Party in 1975, and in 1985 changed again to the Green Party. In 1989 the party's Scottish branch split to establish the independent Scottish Green Party, with an independent Green Party in Northern Ireland developing shortly after, leaving those branches in England and Wales to form their own party. The Green Party of England and Wales is registered with the Electoral Commission as simply the Green Party.
In the 1989 European Parliament elections, the Green Party of England and Wales polled 15% of the vote with 2.3 million votes, the best ever performance of a Green party in a nationwide election. This gave it the third largest share of the vote after the Conservative and Labour parties, although because of the first-past-the-post voting system it failed to gain a Member of the European Parliament (MEP). This success has been attributed to both the increased respectability of environmentalism and the effects of the development boom in southern England in the late 1980s.
Seeking to capitalise on the Greens' success in the EP elections, a group named Green 2000 was established in July 1990, arguing for an internal reorganisation of the party in order to develop it into an effective electoral force capable of securing seats in the House of Commons. Its proposed reforms included a more centralised structure, the replacement of the existing party council with a smaller party executive, and the establishment of delegate voting at party conferences. Many party members opposed the reforms, believing that they would undermine the internal party democracy, and amid the arguments various key members resigned or were dismissed from the Greens. Although Green 2000 proposals were defeated at the party's 1990 conference, they were overwhelmingly carried at their 1991 conference, resulting in an internal restructuring of the party. Between the end of 1990 and mid-1992, the party lost over half its members, with those polled indicating that frustration over a lack of clear and effective party leadership was a major reason in their decision. The party fielded more candidates than it had ever done before in the 1992 general election but was widely deemed to have performed poorly.
In 1993, the party adopted its "Basis for Renewal" program in an attempt to bring together conflicting factions and thus save the party from bankruptcy and potential demise. The party sought to escape their reputation as an environmentalist single-issue party by placing greater emphasis on social policies. Recognising their poor performance in the 1992 national elections, the party decided to focus on gaining support in local elections, targeting wards where there was a pre-existing support base of Green activists. In 1993, future party leader and MP Lucas gained a seat on Oxfordshire County Council, with other gains following in the 1995 and 1996 local elections.
The Greens sought to build alliances with other parties in the hope of gaining representation at the parliamentary level. In Wales, the Greens endorsed Plaid Cymru candidate Cynog Dafis in the 1992 general election, having worked with him on a number of environmental initiatives. For the 1997 general election, the Ceredigion branch of the Greens endorsed Dafis as a joint Plaid Cymru/Green candidate, but this generated controversy with the party, with critics believing it improper to build an alliance with a party that did not share all of the Greens' views. In April 1995 the Green National Executive ruled that the party should withdraw from this alliance due to ideological differences.
As the Labour Party shifted to the political centre under the leadership of Tony Blair and his New Labour project, the Greens sought to gain the support of the party's dissafected leftists. During the 1999 European Parliament elections, the first to be held in the UK using proportional representation, the Greens gained their first Members of the European Parliament (MEPs), Lucas (South East England) and Jean Lambert (London). At the inaugural London Assembly Elections in 2000, the party gained 11% of the vote and returned three Assembly Members (AM), and although this dropped to two following the 2004 London Assembly Elections, the Green AMs proved vital in passing the annual budget of Mayor Ken Livingstone.
At the 2001 general election they polled 0.7% of the vote and gained no seats. At the 2004 European Parliamentary elections the party returned 2 MEPS the same as in 1999; overall, the Party polled 1,033,093 votes. In the 2005 general election the party gained over 1% of the vote for the first time, and polled over 10% in the constituencies of Brighton Pavilion and Lewisham Deptford. This growth has been attributed to the increasing public visibility of the party as well as a general growth in support for smaller parties in the UK.
In November 2007, the party held an internal referendum to decide on whether it should replace its use of two "principal speakers", one male and the other female, with the more conventional roles of "leader" and "deputy leader"; the motion passed with 73% of the vote. In September 2008, the party then elected its first leader, Caroline Lucas, with Adrian Ramsay elected deputy leader. In the party's first election with Lucas as leader, it retained both its MEPs in the 2009 European elections.
In the 2010 general election, the party returned its first Member of Parliament (MP). Lucas was returned as MP for the seat of Brighton Pavilion. Following the election, Keith Taylor succeeded her as MEP for South East England. They also saved their deposit in Hove, and Brighton Kemptown.
In the 2011 local government elections in England and Wales, the Green Party in Brighton and Hove took minority control of the City Council by winning 23 seats, 5 short of an overall majority.
At the 2012 local government elections the Green Party gained 5 seats, and retained both AMs at the 2012 London Assembly election. At the London Mayoral Election the party's candidate Jenny Jones finished third, and lost her deposit.
In May 2012, Lucas announced that she would not seek re-election to the post of party leader. In September, Natalie Bennett was elected party leader and Will Duckworth deputy leader in the leadership election took place.
The 2013 local government elections saw overall gains of 5 seats. The Party returned representation for the first time on the councils of Cornwall, Devon, and Essex.
At the local government elections the following year, the Greens gained 18 seats overall. In London, the party won four seats, a gain of two, holding seats in Camden and Lewisham, and gaining seats in Islington and Lambeth.
At the 2014 European elections The Green Party finished fourth, above the Liberal Democrats, winning over 1.2 million votes. The party increased its European Parliament representation, gaining one seat in the South West England region.
In September 2014, The Green Party held its biennial leadership elections. Incumbent leader Bennett ran uncontested, and retained her status as party leader. The election also saw a change in the elective format for position of deputy leader. The party opted to elect two, gender-balanced deputy leaders, instead of one. Amelia Womack and Shahrar Ali won the two positions, succeeding former deputy leader Duckworth.
The party announced in October 2014 that Green candidates would be standing for parliament in at least 75% of constituencies in the 2015 general election. In the 2010 general election, they contested roughly 50% of seats. Following its rapid increase in membership and support, the Green Party also announced it was targeting twelve key seats for the 2015 general election. These seats were its one current seat, Brighton Pavilion, held by Lucas since 2010; Norwich South, a Liberal Democrat seat where June 2014 polling put the Greens in second place behind Labour; Bristol West, another Liberal Democrat seat, where they targeted the student vote; St. Ives, where they received an average of 18% of the vote in county elections; Sheffield Central; Liverpool Riverside; Oxford East; Solihull; Reading East; and three more seats with high student populations - York Central, Cambridge, and Holborn and St. Pancras, where leader Bennett stood as the candidate.
In December 2014, The Green Party announced that it had more than doubled its overall membership from 1 January that year to 30,809. This reflected the increase seen in opinion polls in 2014, with Green Party voting intentions trebling from 2-3% at the start of the year, to 7-8% at the end of the year, on many occasions, coming in fourth place with YouGov's national polls, ahead of the Liberal Democrats, and gaining over 25% of the vote with 18 to 24-year-olds. This rapid increase in support for the party is referred to by media as the "Green Surge". The hashtag "#GreenSurge" has also been popular on social media (such as Twitter) from Green Party members and supporters, and as of 15 January 2015, the combined Green Party membership in the UK stood at 44,713; greater than the number of members of UKIP (at 41,943), and the Liberal Democrats (at 44,576).
Polling subsequently fell back as the 2015 general election approached: a Press Association poll of polls on 3 April, for example, put the Greens fifth with 5.4%. However, membership statistics continued to surge with the party attaining 60,000 in England and Wales that April.
In the 2015 general election, Lucas was re-elected in Brighton Pavilion with an increased majority, and while failing to gain any additional seats, the Greens received their highest-ever vote share (over 1.1 million votes), and increased their national share of the vote from 1% to 3.8%. Overnight, the membership numbers increased to over 63,000. However they lost 9 out of their 20 seats on the Brighton and Hove council, losing minority control. Nationwide, the Greens increased their share of councillors, gaining an additional 10 council seats while failing to gain overall control of any individual council.
On 15 May 2016 Bennett announced she would not be standing for re-election in the party's biennial leadership election due to take place in the summer. Former leader Lucas and Work and Pensions Spokesperson Bartley announced two weeks later that they intended to stand for leadership as a job share arrangement. Nominations closed at the end of June, with the campaign period taking place in July and voting period in August and the results announced at the party's Autumn Conference in Birmingham from 2–4 September. It was announced on 4 September that Lucas and Bartley would become the party's leaders in a job share.
Lucas first suggested "progressive pacts" to work on a number of issues including combating climate change and for electoral reform, following the results of the 2015 general election. She then reiterated the call alongside Bartley as they announced their plan to share the leadership of the party. Following the vote to leave the European Union in June 2016, Bennett published an open letter, calling for an "anti-Brexit alliance" potentially comprising Labour, the Liberal Democrats and Plaid Cymru to stand in a future snap election in English and Welsh seats. The Green Party stood in 457 seats in the 2017 general election, securing 1.6% of the overall vote, and an average of 2.2% in seats it stood in While a disappointing result after the 2015 success, this was still the second best Green result in a general election, and Brighton Pavillion remained Green with an increased majority.
On 30 May 2018 Lucas announced she would not seek re-election in the 2018 Green Party of England and Wales leadership election, and would stand down as co-leader. On 1 June 2018 Bartley announced a co-leadership bid alongside Siân Berry, former candidate for the Mayor of London in 2008 and 2016.
Bartley and Berry were elected as co-leaders in September 2018, winning 6,279 of 8,329 votes. In the 2019 local elections, the Green Party secured their best ever local election result, more than doubling their number of council seats from 178 to 372 councillors. This success was followed by a similarly successful European election where Greens won (including Scottish Greens and the Green Party in Northern Ireland) over two million votes for the first time since 1989, securing 7 MEPs, up from 3. This included winning seats for the first time in the East of England, North West England, West Midlands and Yorkshire & the Humber, with Magid Magid elected in the latter.
Sociologist Chris Rootes stated that the Green Party took "the left-libertarian" vote, while Dennison and Goodwin characterised it as reflecting "libertarian-universalistic values". The party wants an end to "big government" – which they see as hindering open and transparent democracy – and want to limit the power of "big business" – which, they argue, upholds the unsustainable trend of globalisation, and is detrimental to local trade and economies. There have been allegations of factionalism and infighting in the Green Party between liberal, socialist, and anarchist factions.
The Party publishes a full set of its policies, as approved by successive party conferences,collectively entitled "Policies for a Sustainable Society" (originally "The Manifesto for a Sustainable Society" before February 2010). This manifesto was summarised by LGBT and human rights campaigner Peter Tatchell as "radical socialist", "incorporat[ing] key socialist values" as it "rejects privatisation, free market economics and globalisation, and includes commitments to public ownership, workers' rights, economic democracy, progressive taxation and the redistribution of wealth and power".
The party publishes a manifesto for each of its election campaigns. In their 2015 Election Manifesto, for the 2015 general election, the Greens outlined many new policies, including a Robin Hood tax on banks, and a new 60% tax on those earning over £150,000.
The Green Party believes in “an economy that works for all”. This includes radical steps to eliminate poverty with ambitious social policies such as increasing the Minimum wage in line with the living wage. They also want to introduce a four-day working week, many economists say this will result in stagnant economic growth while others say it would boost productivity and growth as Mondays and Fridays are the least productive days in the week. The Greens pledge to introduce a Universal Basic Income which will give every adult (unemployed or not) at least 72 pounds a week, this is meant to incentivise the unemployed to find work and prepere Britain for a future with Artificial Intelligence dominated jobs. The Green Party want to raise Corporation tax from the current 19% to a higher amount, this is designed to generate more government revenue and insure large corporations do not become to powerful. The party wants to end subsadies for fossil fuels and replace them with subsidies for renewerable energy sources such as Wind and Solar power. Investment In Green Energy could potentially create more jobs and boost the economy or result is stagnant growth. Environmental economic policy also includes a Green New deal that the Green Party say will generate new jobs and reduce Britains energy costs. The Green Party wants to increase Britain's development and its position on the Human Development Idex and free time index. They believe that uncontrolled economic growth has contributed to Pollution and Global Warming and that more steps should be taken to insure that growth is sustainable and keeps environmental damage to a minimum.
The party states that it would phase out fossil fuel-based power generation, and would work toward closing coal-fired power stations as soon as possible. The Green Party would also remove subsidies for nuclear power within ten years and work towards fazing out nuclear energy. The party aims for the UK to become carbon neutral. The Green Party Manifesto states ”The UK should base its future emissions budgets on the principles of science and equity and the aim of keeping global warming below 1.5 C. These principles entail the UK reducing its own emissions to net zero by 2030 and seeking to reduce the emissions embedded in its imports to zero as soon as possible. The urgency of these objectives requires the UK to make overcoming the technological, political and social obstacles a national priority.” The Green Party wants to set up an environmental protection committee to ensure the protection of habitats and to enhance biodiversity.
Since at least 1992, the party has emphasised unilateral nuclear disarmament and called for the rejection of the Trident nuclear programme of nuclear weapons in the United Kingdom. To campaign for the latter measure it has teamed up with the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, Plaid Cymru, and the Scottish National Party. Former Leader Natalie Bennett has advocated replacing the UK Army with a "home defence force", according to The Telegraph. "In the long term," it would take the UK out of NATO.
The party campaigns for the rights of indigenous people around the world and argues for greater autonomy for these individuals. Furthermore, they support the granting of compensation and justice for historical wrongs, and that the reappropriation of lands and resources should be granted to the certain nations and peoples. The party also believes that the cancelling of international debt should take place immediately and any financial assistance should be in the form of grants and not loans, limiting debt service payments to 10% of export earnings per year.
The Green Party advocate for a less "bully boy culture" from the Western world and more self sustainability in terms of food and energy policy on a global level, with aid only being given to countries as a last resort in order to prevent them from being indebted to their donors.
Amid the toughening rhetoric surrounding immigration at the 2015 general election, the Greens issued mugs emblazoned with the slogan "Standing Up For Immigrants". They claimed to offer a "genuine alternative" to the views of the mainstream parties by promoting the removal of restrictions on the number of foreign students, abolishing rules on family migration, and promoting further rights for asylum seekers.
The Green Party has an official "Drugs Group", for drugs policy and research, and the party supports decriminalising the recreational use of cannabis, considering the drugs issue a health, rather than criminal issue. Ian Barnett from the Green Party says that: "The Policy of 'War on Drugs' has clearly failed. We need a different approach towards the control and misuse of drugs." However, the party does aim to minimise drug use due to the negative effects on the individual and society at large.
The sexual orientation and gender identity group within the party known as LGBTIQA+ Greens stated aim is to raise awareness on LGBTIQA+ rights and issues affecting the broader LGBTIQA+ community, as well as broader Green politics.
The 2015 and 2017 general election manifestos contained policies on all teachers to be trained on LGBTIQA+ issues (such as "providing mandatory HIV, sex, and relationships education – age appropriate and LGBTIQA+-inclusive – in all schools from primary level onwards"), to reform the system of pensions, of end the "spousal veto" and to "make equal marriage truly equal". Bennett has also voiced support for polygamy and polyamorous relationships.
The Green Party supports same-sex marriage and The Green Party group on Brighton and Hove City Council considered expelling a member (Christina Summers) in 2014 due to opposition to same-sex marriage legislation on religious grounds.
The Green party has called for "A People’s Transport System" to help deal with the issues not just to the planet but to local communities as well. The Green Party has an official "Transport Working Group", aimed at helping to draw up policies to be voted on at conference. One of the flagship and long-standing policies in this field is returning the railways to public ownership along with renationalising other forms of transport
The party campaigns for greater accountability in global governance, with the United Nations made up of elected representatives and more regional representation, as opposed to the current nation-based setup. They want democratic control of the global economy with the World Trade Organization, International Monetary Fund and World Bank reformed, democratised or even replaced. The party also wishes to prioritise social and environmental sustainability as a global policy.
The Green Party states that they believe there is "no place in government for the hereditary principle", while Bennett has said that she supports the abolition of the monarchy as the head of state, and fully supports replacing the monarchy with a republic.
The party supported the 2016 referendum on the United Kingdom's membership of the European Union, calling it "a vital opportunity to create a more democratic and accountable Europe, with a clearer purpose for the future". The party has criticised the Common Agricultural Policy, the Common Fisheries Policy and the "excessive influence" of the European Commission in comparison to the European Council and European Parliament, describing it as "undemocratic and unaccountable". The party favoured a "three yeses" approach to Europe: "yes to a referendum, yes to major EU reform and yes to staying in a reformed Europe". Bennett also added that:
'Yes to the EU' does not mean we are content with the union continuing to operate as it has in the past. There is a huge democratic deficit in its functioning, a serious bias towards the interests of neoliberalism and 'the market', and central institutions have been overbuilt. But to achieve those reforms we need to work with fellow EU members, not try to dictate high handedly to them, as David Cameron has done.
The youth wing of the Green Party, the Young Greens (of England and Wales), has developed independently from around 2002, and is for all Green Party members aged up to 30 years old. There is no lower age limit. The Young Greens have their own constitution, national committee, campaigns and meetings, and have become an active presence at Green Party Conferences and election campaigns. There are now many Young Greens groups on UK university, college and higher-education institution campuses. Many Green Party councillors are Young Greens, as are some members of GPEx and other internal party organs.
According to accounts filed with the Electoral Commission, for the year ending 31 December 2010 the party had an income of £770,495 with expenditure of £889,867. Membership increased rapidly in 2014, more than doubling in that year. On 15 January 2015, the Green Party claimed that the combined membership of the UK Green parties (Green Party of England and Wales, Scottish Green Party, and Green Party in Northern Ireland) had risen to 43,829 members, surpassing UKIP's membership of 41,966, and making it the third-largest UK-wide political party in the UK in terms of membership. On 14 January 2015, UK newspaper The Guardian had reported that membership of the combined UK Green Parties was closing on those of UKIP and the Liberal Democrats, but noted that it lagged behind that of the Scottish National Party (SNP), which has a membership of 92,187 members but is not a UK-wide party. Membership of the party peaked at over 67,000 members in the summer of 2015 after the general election, but has since declined subsequent to Jeremy Corbyn becoming leader of the Labour Party.
According to political scientist Sarah Birch, the Green Party draws support from "a wide spectrum of the population". In 1995, sociologist Chris Rootes stated that the Green Party "appeals disproportionately to younger, highly educated professional people", although he noted that this support base was "not predominantly urban". In 2009, Birch noted that the Green's strongest areas of support were Labour-held seats in university towns or urban areas with relatively large student populations. She noted that there were also strong correlations between areas of high Green support and high percentages of people who define themselves as having no religion.
Birch noted that sociological polling revealed a "strong relationship" between individuals having voted for the Liberal Democrats in the past and holding favourable views of the Green Party, noting that the two groups were competing for "similar sorts of voters".
Brighton Pavilion was the Green Party's first and only parliamentary seat to date, won at the 2010 general election and held in 2015 and 2017. As with other small parties, representation at the House of Commons has been hindered by the first-past-the-post voting system.
|1992||Jean Lambert||Richard Lawson||170,047||0.5||0.2||
0 / 650
|1997||Peg Alexander||David Taylor||61,731||0.3||0.2||
0 / 659
|2001||Margaret Wright||Mike Woodin||166,477||0.6||0.3||
0 / 659
|2005||Caroline Lucas||Keith Taylor||257,758||1.0||0.4||
0 / 646
1 / 650
1 / 650
|2017||Caroline Lucas||Jonathan Bartley||512,327||1.6||2.0||
1 / 650
with DUP confidence & supply
The party's first life peer was Baron Beaumont of Whitley, who left the Liberal Democrats and joined the Green Party in 1999. He sat as a Green until his death in 2008. As of December 2015, Baroness Jones of Moulsecoomb is their only representative in the House of Lords.
Since the first UK election to the European Parliament with proportional representation, in June 1999, the Green Party of England and Wales has had representation in the European Parliament. From 1999 to 2010, the two MEPs were Jean Lambert (London) and Lucas (South East England). In 2010, on election to the House of Commons, Lucas resigned her seat and was succeeded by Keith Taylor. In May 2014, Taylor and Lambert held their seats, and were joined by Molly Scott Cato who was elected in the South West region, increasing the number of Green Party Members of the European Parliament to three for the first time. In May 2019, this number rose to seven: Scott Ainslie (London), Ellie Chowns (West Midlands), Gina Dowding (North West England), Magid Magid (Yorkshire and the Humber), Alexandra Phillips (South East England), Catherine Rowett (East of England), and the re-elected Scott Cato.
|1994||John Cornford||Jan Clark||471,257||3.0||11.9 ||
0 / 87
|1999||Mike Woodin||Jean Lambert||568,236||5.3||2.3||
2 / 87
|2004||Mike Woodin||Caroline Lucas||948,588||5.6||0.3||
2 / 78
2 / 72
3 / 73
|2019||Jonathan Bartley||Siân Berry||1,881,306||11.8||4.9||
7 / 73
The party has representation at local government level in England. The party has limited representation on most councils on which it is represented.
At the 2019 United Kingdom local elections a record number of Green Party candidates were elected, with many being the first Green candidates elected to their councils. The Party now has 372 councillors and is part of 9 council coalitions and supports a further coalition.
The Wales Green Party (WGP; Welsh: Plaid Werdd Cymru) is a semi-autonomous political party within the Green Party of England and Wales. It covers Wales, and is the only regional party with autonomous status within the GPEW. The WGP contests elections for the National Assembly for Wales (as well as at the local, UK and European level) and has its own newsletters, membership list, AGMs and manifesto. Members of the WGP are automatically members of the GPEW. Wales-wide decisions are taken by the Wales Green Party Council made up of the spokespeople, senior officers, and a representative from each local party.
The Wales Green Party has always had its own spokesperson (now referred to as leader). Jake Griffiths became leader in 2009. Pippa Bartolotti was elected to succeed him in 2011, followed by Alice Hooker-Stroud from December 2015. Anthony Slaughter became deputy leader in 2014. Hooker-Stroud resigned in March 2017; the next leader was Grenville Ham, whose Deputy Leaders were Benjamin Smith and Pippa Bartolotti. Ham left in October 2018 to join Plaid Cymru after his proposal for Wales Green Party to become autonomous was voted down by members. The leader from December 2018 is Anthony Slaughter and his deputy is Duncan Rees. Wales is represented internally within the GPEW by Chris Simpson and Chris Carmichael on the Green Party Regional Council (GPRC). Both sets of positions are directly elected by postal ballot.
The Green Parties in the United Kingdom have their roots in the PEOPLE movement which was founded in 1972. This became the Ecology Party three years later, and then the Green Party in 1985. Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland each had separate branches. In 1990, the Scottish and Northern Irish branches left the UK Greens to form separate parties. The English and Welsh parties became the Green Party of England and Wales, with the Welsh branch being semi-autonomous. At the 1992 general election, local Greens entered an electoral alliance with Plaid Cymru in the constituency of Ceredigion and Pembroke North. The alliance was successful with Cynog Dafis being returned in a surprise result as the MP, defeating the Liberal Democrat incumbent by over 3,000 votes. The agreement broke down by 1995 following disagreement within the Welsh Green Party over endorsing another party's candidate, though Dafis would go on to serve in parliament as a Plaid Cymru member until 2000, and in the National Assembly of Wales from 1999 until 2003. Dafis later stated that he did not consider himself to be the "first Green MP".
Minimum wage should be raised to Living Wage levels immediately
In the 2001 general election the Green Party took 0.7% of the vote with no seats gained.
Ukip are in third place on 13.3%, the Liberal Democrats are fourth on 7.8% and the Greens are fifth on 5.4%. However, it is too soon to judge whether the leaders' debate has had any impact upon levels of support, PA says.
We've had a good start in the last 24 hours – we've had about 1,000 more people join the Green Party so our membership has gone over 63,000, which means we are much bigger than Ukip and the Liberal Democrats.
We would take the UK out of NATO unilaterally.
The 2008 Green Party leadership election took place in September 2008, and saw Caroline Lucas, one of the two Principal Speakers of the party, elected as the first Green Party Leader.
The election followed the party's decision to replace its current system of two Principal Speakers with a single leader. The change was supported by Caroline Lucas, but opposed by the other Principal Speaker, Derek Wall. It gained the support of 73% of party members who cast a vote in an internal referendum.Caroline Lucas launched a campaign for the Leadership on 14 July. The other candidate for the leadership was Ashley Gunstock, an actor best known for his role in The Bill.Only one candidate stood for the Deputy Leadership, Adrian Ramsay, leader of the Green group on Norwich City Council. He was a supporter of Lucas and under party gender balance rules, could only be elected to the post if a woman was elected to the leadership.Nominations for both the Leadership and Deputy Leadership closed on 31 July 2008, following which, ballot papers were distributed. In order to assist candidates with canvassing, the party's Standing Orders Committee decided to release the contact details of 7,000 members to the candidates. More than 100 party members signed a protest letter which questioned whether this publication was legal under the Data Protection Act. The issue became moot when all three candidates declined to request contact details.Hustings took place at the Green Party of England and Wales' conference, and the results were announced on 5 September at approximately 8pm.2010 Green Party of England and Wales leadership election
The Green Party of England and Wales leadership election, 2010 took place in August and September 2010. The party has elections every two years for leader and deputy leader roles and this was the second election since the party decided to switch from having principle speakers to having a leader and a deputy leader, or co-leaders. Caroline Lucas was re-elected as leader unopposed and Adrian Ramsay was re-elected as deputy leader after defeating former principle speaker Derek Wall.
All members of the party were sent ballot papers in the post with their copy of the party's magazine, Green World and voting ended shortly after hustings were held at the party's autumn conference in Birmingham where members who had not already posted their ballot papers could vote in person at conference.2014 Green Party of England and Wales leadership election
The Green Party of England and Wales leadership election, 2014 took place in September 2014. The party has elections every two years for Leader and Deputy Leader roles and this was the fourth election since the party decided to switch from having principal speakers to having a leader and a deputy leader, or co-leaders.Incumbent Leader Natalie Bennett was re-elected unopposed with 93% of the vote, while Amelia Womack and Shahrar Ali won the two Deputy Leadership positions.2016 Green Party of England and Wales leadership election
The Green Party of England and Wales leadership election, 2016 took place from July to August 2016, with the campaign period taking place in July, and voting period in August. The incumbent leader, Natalie Bennett, announced on 15 May 2016 that she was not intending to stand for re-election after four years as the leader of the party, resulting in the first contested leadership election since 2012.Former Leader Caroline Lucas MP and Jonathan Bartley won the leadership election with a job share arrangement with 86% of the vote; the results were announced at the party's Autumn Conference from 2–4 September. Five other candidates contested the election; aside from filmmaker David Malone, no other candidate received above 5% of the vote.
The party has elections every two years for Leader and Deputy Leader roles; this was the fifth election since the party decided to switch from having principal speakers to having a leader and two deputy leaders, or co-leaders and one deputy leader. It saw the highest ever turnout in a Green Party internal ballot by quantity of votes (15,773).2018 Green Party of England and Wales leadership election
The leadership election for the Green Party of England and Wales is held routinely every two years. The 2018 election, which ran from 1 June to 31 August, was the sixth since the party decided to have a leader (or two co-leaders) and a deputy leader. The result was declared on 4 September: Jonathan Bartley and Siân Berry were elected as co-leaders and Amelia Womack was re-elected as deputy leader.Alexandra Phillips (Green politician)
Alexandra Louise Rosenfield Phillips (born 9 July 1985) is a British politician. She was elected as a Green Party Member of the European Parliament (MEP) for the South East England in the 2019 European Parliament election. Phillips is also the Mayor of Brighton and Hove since May 2019, the youngest to hold the office.Amelia Womack
Amelia Helen Womack (born 12 January 1985) is a British politician. She has served as Deputy Leader of the Green Party of England and Wales since September 2014 (alongside Shahrar Ali for the period 2014–16).
She was re-elected Deputy Leader of the Green Party of England and Wales in September 2016 for a second two-year term, and then again in September 2018.Brighton and Hove City Council
Brighton and Hove City Council is the local authority of the city of Brighton and Hove. It is a unitary authority, having the powers of a non-metropolitan county and district council combined. It provides a full range of local government services including Council Tax billing, libraries, social services, processing planning applications, waste collection and disposal, and it is a local education authority.Caroline Russell
Caroline Marguerite Cumine Russell is a Green Party of England and Wales politician and activist. Since May 2016, she has been a member of the London Assembly.Gina Dowding
Gina Dowding (born 15 July 1962) is a British politician who has been a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) for North West England since 2 July 2019, on behalf of the Green Party. She was elected to the role in the 2019 European Parliament Election on 23 May of that year.Before being elected as an MEP, Dowding was a Green Party councillor on Lancaster City Council from 1999 to 2007 and again in 2019, and a councillor on Lancashire County Council from 2013 to 2019.Green Left (UK)
The Green Left is an anti-capitalist and eco-socialist grouping within the Green Party of England and Wales. It seeks to constitute a network for "socialists and other radicals" in the Green Party, as well as "act[ing] as an outreach body that will communicate the party's radical policies to other socialists and anti-capitalists outside the party." It includes some prominent members of the Green Party of England and Wales, and held its first meeting on 4 June 2006. Green Left members were early supporters of an "ecosocialist international", such as the Ecosocialist International Network (EIN).Jean Lambert
Jean Denise Lambert (born Jean Denise Archer; 1 June 1950 in Orsett, Essex) is an English politician, and who served as a Member of the European Parliament for the London Region between 1999 and 2019. A member of the Green Party of England and Wales, she has been an MEP since 1999. One of three Green MEPs from the UK, the others are Keith Taylor and Molly Scott Cato, Lambert is a Vice-President of the Greens/European Free Alliance Group of MEPs.Jonathan Bartley
Jonathan Bartley (born 16 October 1971) is a British politician, and since 2 September 2016, Co-Leader of the Green Party of England and Wales, a position he shared with Caroline Lucas and then, from 4 September 2018, with Siân Berry. He was the Green Party's national Work and Pensions spokesperson and the party's Parliamentary candidate for Streatham in the 2015 general election.Bartley is a councillor on Lambeth Council representing the St Leonard's ward, he has done so since his election on 3 May 2018. On 15 May 2018, Bartley became Leader of the Official Opposition on Lambeth Council.
Bartley is the founder and was (until 2016) co-director of Ekklesia, an independent think tank looking at the role of religion in public life and appears regularly on UK radio and television programmes. He is a member of the blues rock band The Mustangs and lives with his family in Streatham, South London.Leader of the Green Party of England and Wales
The Leader of the Green Party of England and Wales is the most senior political figure within the Green Party of England and Wales. The role was introduced alongside that of Deputy Leader in 2008. Prior to this, the party's public spokespersons were Principal Speakers. There were two Principal Speakers, one female and one male, who were elected annually at the Green Party's Autumn Conference and held no vote on the Green Party Executive (GPEx).
A referendum passed on 30 November 2007 that abolished the posts of Principal Speakers and a leader and deputy were elected at Autumn Conference on 5 September 2008.London Green Party
The London Green Party is the regional party of the Green Party of England and Wales that operates in Greater London.Shahrar Ali
Mohammad Shahrar Ali, known as Shahrar Ali (['ʃɑːrɑː ɑː'liː]), is a British politician and former Deputy Leader of the Green Party of England and Wales, a post in which he served alongside Amelia Womack. He was the first ethnic minority deputy leader of a party with representation in parliament in the UK and was elected in September 2014 at the Green Party conference in Aston, Birmingham for a two-year term.Siân Berry
Siân Rebecca Berry (born 9 July 1974) is a British politician and, since 4 September 2018, Co-Leader of the Green Party of England and Wales alongside Jonathan Bartley. From 2006 to 2007, she was one of the Green Party's Principal Speakers. She was the party's candidate in the 2008 London mayoral election, and again in the 2016 election, at which she came third. She currently serves as a member of the London Assembly and the only Green Party councillor on Camden Council, representing Highgate.Wales Green Party
The Wales Green Party (WGP; Welsh: Plaid Werdd Cymru) is a semi-autonomous political party within the Green Party of England and Wales (GPEW). It covers Wales, and is the only regional party with semi-autonomous status within the GPEW. The WGP contests elections for the National Assembly for Wales (as well as at the local, UK and European level).
The current Leader of the Wales Green Party is Anthony Slaughter, with Duncan Rees as a Deputy Leader. Wales-wide decisions are taken by the Wales Green Party Council which is composed of the spokespeople, elected officers, and a representative from each local party.Young Greens of England and Wales
The Young Greens of England and Wales [acronym: YG(EW)] is the official youth branch of the Green Party of England and Wales (GPEW). All members of the GPEW who are under 30 years old or full/part-time students are members of the Young Greens and are allowed to get involved with their activities.
The Scottish Green Party also has a youth branch, the Scottish Young Greens, who work with the England and Wales group. Young Greens is affiliated with the Federation of Young European Greens (FYEG).
Green Party of England and Wales