Green Cross Code

The Green Cross Code is a brand created by the National Road Safety Committee (now the Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents, RoSPA) to raise awareness of pedestrian road safety in the United Kingdom. The multimedia Green Cross Code campaign began in 1970 and continues today.

The Green Cross Code replaced the earlier Kerb Drill (below) pedestrian safety campaign; the Kerb Drill's military style ("Halt! Quick march!") was deemed confusing to children by safety authorities.

Stop, Look , Listen and Think - - 1153155
Stop, Look, Listen and Think. Pedestrians crossing Ingram Street, Glasgow

Tufty Fluffytail

Tufty Fluffytail badge
Tufty Fluffytail badge

Prior to the introduction of the Green Cross campaign, a series of puppet animation public information films, featuring Tufty Fluffytail and narrated by Bernard Cribbins were in regular broadcast rotation across the UK. Tufty Fluffytail, a childlike red squirrel character, was created in 1953 by Elsie Mills to introduce clear and simple safety messages to children. The success of the character led to the creation in 1961 of the Tufty Club for children under five years of age. Under its auspices more than 30,000 Tufty books about road safety were issued to parents. At its peak there were nearly 25,000 branches of the Tufty Club throughout the UK, and by the early 1970s an estimated two million children were members. The movement continued into the 1980s.[1]

The code

The Green Cross Code itself is a short step-by-step procedure designed to enable pedestrians to cross streets safely. While the Code has undergone several changes over the years, the basic tenets ("Stop, Look, Listen, Think" or "Stop Look Listen Live".) have remained more or less the same. The 2018 version of the Green Cross Code reads as follows:[2]

  1. THINK! First find the safest place to cross
  2. STOP! Stand on the pavement near the kerb
  3. USE YOUR EYES AND EARS! Look all around for traffic and listen
  4. WAIT UNTIL IT IS SAFE TO CROSS! If traffic is coming, let it pass
  5. LOOK AND LISTEN! When it is safe, go straight across the road – do not run
  6. ARRIVE ALIVE! Keep looking and listening

Green Cross Man

Green Cross Man
Green cross man take it
Take it from Green Cross Man
First appearance1970

The Green Cross Man is a costumed superhero character created in England in mid-1970 as an aid to teaching young children the Green Cross Code, and for promoting general road safety via television adverts. British actor David Prowse (who went on to play the character of Darth Vader in the cinema film Star Wars (1977)), played the character in a series of Public Information Films sponsored by the British Government's Central Office of Information for the Department of the Environment. The original adverts were broadcast on British television from 1975 to 1990.

In the adverts the "Green Cross Man" has the power to teleport from his monitoring station at "Green Cross Control" to any location where children are in need of pedestrian safety instruction. He accomplishes this by use of a wristwatch-like "dematerialiser" device. On these missions he is sometimes accompanied by a robot companion. His signature exclamation of surprise or disbelief is "Green Crosses!" and his slogan is "I won't be there when you cross the road, so always use the Green Cross Code." The first two adverts in the series had David Prowse's voice dubbed by another actor due to his pronounced Bristol accent.[3] In the third advert he appeared using his own voice.[4]

In 2014 the Green Cross Code Man series was revived, with David Prowse playing the character in his 80th year, in two adverts produced for Road Safety Week in the United Kingdom.[5] The new campaign was targeted at young adults alerting them to the danger of pedestrian accidents caused by distraction from using smartphones, and wearing headphones to listen to music whilst crossing roads.[6]

Other campaigns

In 1976, actor Jon Pertwee, the Third Doctor (1970 to 1974) on the television series Doctor Who, appeared in a PIF for the Green Cross Code introducing the mnemonic "SPLINK", which stood for:[7]

  • (First find a) Safe (place to cross, then stop)
  • (Stand on the) Pavement (near the kerb)
  • Look (all round for traffic and listen)
  • If (traffic is coming, let it pass)
  • (When there is) No (traffic near, walk straight across the road)
  • Keep (looking and listening for traffic while you cross).

The film was later updated to cartoon form, voiced by Derek Griffiths.[8]

In 1983, the television adverts employed a "Green Cross Code" rap based on the hit "The Message" by Grandmaster Flash. The original lyrics of "Don't push me cos I'm close to the edge" were replaced with "Don't step out when you're close to the edge." The advert was re-released for its 10th anniversary in 1993 with slightly different lyrics.

Other UK celebrities who have appeared in "Green Cross Code" PSAs include Joe Bugner, Les Gray of MUD, Kevin Keegan, and Alvin Stardust. These adverts used the banner Be Smart...Be Safe.

Kerb Drill

The Kerb Drill is a procedure for pedestrians to cross streets safely.[9] As it originated in the UK, it is the opposite direction from countries that drive on the right side of the road. The Kerb Drill encourages pedestrians to look before they cross:

At the kerb, halt!
Eyes right,
Eyes left,
Eyes right again.
If the road is clear,
Quick march—walk straight across.

The repeated look to the right is to check again for a car in the closest lane. In countries that drive on the right side of the road, the Kerb Drill would be:

Stop at the curb. Look left, look right, look left again. If the road is clear, quickly cross.

See also


  1. ^ National Archive: Tufty Under 5’s – Ice Cream Van
  2. ^ The Green Cross Code
  3. ^ 'Green Cross Code 1' advert (1975), published on Youtube 2 September 2007.
  4. ^ 'Green Cross Code 3' (1975), published on Youtube 2 September 2007.
  5. ^ BBC News: Green Cross Code Man Back On Screen
  6. ^ 'David Prowse Returns as the Green X Man', published on Youtube 20 November 2014.
  7. ^ Public Information Films | 1964 to 1979 | Film index | SPLINK – Jon Pertwee | accessdate = 4 December 2012
  8. ^ UK Public Information Film: SPLINK on YouTube
  9. ^ Trailer – Kerb Drill

External links

Alison Bettles

Alison Bettles (born 22 April 1969) is a retired English television actress. She is known for playing Fay Lucas in BBC's Grange Hill for six series (1982–1987).

Alvin Stardust

Bernard William Jewry (27 September 1942 – 23 October 2014), known professionally as Shane Fenton and later as Alvin Stardust, was an English rock singer and stage actor. Performing first as Shane Fenton in the 1960s, Jewry had a moderately successful career in the pre-Beatles era, hitting the UK top 40 with four singles in 1961–62. However, he became better known for singles released in the 1970s and 1980s as Alvin Stardust, a character he began in the glam rock era, with hits including the UK Singles Chart-topper "Jealous Mind", as well as later hits such as "Pretend" and "I Feel Like Buddy Holly".

Andy Nye

Andy Dane Nye (born 8 April 1959, in London, England) is an English musician, songwriter and record producer, as well as being a member of the rock band The Michael Schenker Group at their peak in the 1980s. During a long and productive career he has played keyboards for Sheena Easton, Barbara Dickson, Toyah Willcox, Chris Farlowe, Gerard Kenny, Dennis Waterman, Princess Stephanie of Monaco, Jahn Teigen, The Kick, After Hours and Mainland. His songs have been recorded by artists such as Roger Daltrey, Asia, The Michael Schenker Group, Ten Years After, Chris Farlowe, John Entwistle, Colin Blunstone and The Zombies.

David Prowse

David Prowse MBE (born 1 July 1935) is a retired English bodybuilder, weightlifter and character actor in British film and television. Worldwide, he is best known for physically portraying Darth Vader in the original Star Wars trilogy (with the character's voice being performed by James Earl Jones), and in 2015 starred in a documentary concerning that role, entitled I Am Your Father. Prior to his role as Vader, Prowse had established himself as a prominent figure in British culture as the first Green Cross Code man, a character used in British road safety advertising aimed at children.

Green Cross

Green Cross may refer to:

Green Cross (South Korea), a Korean pharmaceutical company

Green Cross (Japan), a Japanese pharmaceutical company

Green Cross Code, a traffic safety education program in the United Kingdom

Green Cross International, an environmental organization founded by Mikhail Gorbachev

Green Cross flags, the industrial safety/health flags in Japan. They are not related to the Japanese pharmaceutical company

Green Cross (chemical warfare), a group of World War I chemical warfare agents

C.D. Green Cross (1916–1985), a Chilean football (soccer) club currently defunct

Club Atlético Green Cross, an Ecuadorian football (soccer) club

Green Cross (Venezuela), Venezuelan paramedic group

Green Cross Corps, an alternative name for the British Women's Reserve Ambulance Corps


Jaywalking occurs when a pedestrian walks in or crosses a roadway that has traffic, other than at a suitable crossing point, or otherwise in disregard of traffic rules. The term originated with "jay-drivers", people who drove horse-drawn carriages and automobiles on the wrong side of the road, before taking its current meaning.The term "jaywalking" is primarily a North American concept where laws restrict pedestrian use of public roads. In other countries such as the United Kingdom, the word is not generally used and there are no laws limiting how pedestrians can use public highways.Legal texts in other countries use different concepts, such as Rules applicable to pedestrians in the Vienna Convention on Road Traffic. One member of this convention, the United Kingdom, does not have jaywalking laws; its Highway Code relies on the pedestrian making his own judgment on whether it is safe to cross based on the Green Cross Code. Pedestrians do have priority over turning vehicles. Rule 170 of the UK's Highway Code instructs a driver to "watch out for pedestrians crossing a road into which you are turning. If they have started to cross they have priority, so give way."

John Yorkston

John Yorkston (born 13 July 1954 in Dunfermline) was previously Chairman of Scottish First Division side Dunfermline Athletic.

Jon Pertwee

John Devon Roland "Jon" Pertwee (7 July 1919 – 20 May 1996) was an English actor, comedian, entertainer and cabaret performer. Born into a theatrical family, he served in the Royal Navy and the Naval Intelligence Division during the Second World War. In his early career he worked as a stage comedian, which included performing at the Glasgow Empire Theatre and sharing a bill with Max Wall and Jimmy James.As an actor Pertwee appeared in many comedy roles, including four films in the Carry On series, and he became widely known for spending 18 years (1959–1977) playing Chief Petty Officer Pertwee (and three other roles) in the popular sitcom The Navy Lark on BBC Radio. He played the Third Doctor in the science fiction television series Doctor Who (between 1970 and 1974) and the title character in the television series Worzel Gummidge (between 1979 and 1981—reprising the role from 1987 to 1989). Towards the end of his life he maintained a close association with Doctor Who by appearing at many fan conventions related to the series and giving interviews. He also performed a one-man show called Who Is Jon Pertwee?.

Public information film

Public information films (PIFs) are a series of government-commissioned short films, shown during television advertising breaks in the United Kingdom. The US equivalent is the public service announcement (PSA).

Richard Chartres

Richard John Carew Chartres, Baron Chartres, (; born 11 July 1947) is a retired bishop of the Church of England. He was area Bishop of Stepney from 1992 to 1995 and Bishop of London from 1995 to 2017. He was sworn of the Privy Council in the same year he became Bishop of London. He was also Gresham Professor of Divinity from 1987 to 1992. In October 2017, Chartres was made a Life Peer, and he now sits in the House of Lords as a crossbencher; he had previously sat in the House as one of the Lords Spiritual.

Stop, Look and Listen

Stop, Look and Listen or Stop, Look, Listen may refer to:

"Stop, Look, Listen, Think" (and similar), a procedure promoted by the Green Cross Code, a UK pedestrian safety campaign

"Stop, Look, and Listen", a railroad crossing safety phrase, often seen on crossing signs

The Highway Code

The Highway Code is a set of information, advice, guides and mandatory rules for road users in the United Kingdom. Its objective is to promote road safety. The Highway Code applies to all road users including pedestrians, horse riders and cyclists, as well as motorcyclists and drivers. It gives information on road signs, road markings, vehicle markings, and road safety. There are annexes on vehicle maintenance, licence requirements, documentation, penalties, and vehicle security.

The Highway Code was first published in 1931, and has been regularly updated to reflect current practices. It is prepared by the Department for Transport and the Driver and Vehicle Standards Agency, and is published by The Stationery Office in electronic form and as a printed book.

The Great Britain version, available in English and Welsh, applies to England, Scotland and Wales, but regional specific signs such as driver location signs in England or bilingual signs in Scotland and Wales are not covered. The Northern Ireland version, available in English and Irish, applies to Northern Ireland.

The Mersey Pirate

The Mersey Pirate is a British children's television programme that was shown in 1979. Based aboard a ship (The Royal Iris) anchored at Liverpool Docks in the River Mersey, it was produced by Granada Television and was introduced to fill the Saturday morning summer break taken by Tiswas.

The programme's presenters are Duggie Brown, Frank Carson, Bernard Wrigley and Billy Butler. Actors Andrew Schofield and Ray Kingsley, who would later work together on the television series Scully, played stowaways. Various guests appeared on the series including The Dooleys, Bad Manners, The Undertones, and Star Wars star David Prowse (who was equally known in the UK for his persona as The Green Cross Code Man at the time).

Most ITV regions showed the programme, though several (including Anglia, Tyne Tees, and Channel Television) did not. The show had been due to run throughout the summer of 1979, but its run was cut short due to the ITV network strike that ran from August to October that year.

The show was prerecorded and used fake newspaper headlines to give appearance of being live.

The following year another Granada production, Fun Factory, took the Summer Saturday morning slot.

The Message (Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five song)

"The Message" is a song by Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five. It was released as a single by Sugar Hill Records on July 1, 1982 and was later featured on the group's first studio album, The Message.

"The Message" was the first prominent hip hop song to provide a social commentary rather than the self-congratulatory boasting or party chants of earlier hip hop. The song's lyrics describe the stress of inner city poverty.

"The Message" took rap music from the house parties of its origin to the social platforms later developed by groups like Public Enemy, N.W.A, and KRS-One. Melle Mel said in an interview with NPR: "Our group, like Flash and the Furious Five, we didn't actually want to do "The Message" because we was used to doing party raps and boasting how good we are and all that."The song was written by Sugar Hill session musician Ed "Duke Bootee" Fletcher and Furious Five MC Melle Mel.. The stanza "A Child is Born" was taken from an early Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five track, "Superrappin'" from 1981 on the Enjoy label.

Todd Carty

Todd Carty (born Todd John Jennings; 31 August 1963) is an English-Irish actor and director, who has grown up on television screens in a variety of roles. His stage work has varied from pantomime to serious drama, as well as radio plays, voiceovers, commercials, narrations and films. He is best known for his roles as Tucker Jenkins in Grange Hill and Tucker's Luck, Mark Fowler in EastEnders, and psychopathic policeman Gabriel Kent in The Bill.

Traffic stop

A traffic stop, commonly called being pulled over, is a temporary detention of a driver of a vehicle by police to investigate a possible crime or minor violation of law.

Traffic violations reciprocity

Under traffic violations reciprocity agreements, non-resident drivers are treated like residents when they are stopped for a traffic offense that occurs in another jurisdiction. They also ensure that punishments such as penalty points on one's license and the ensuing increase in insurance premiums follow the driver home. The general principle of such interstate, interprovincial, and/or international compacts is to guarantee the rule "one license, one record."

Winner Stays On

Winner Stays On is the fourth studio album by London-based grime music collective Roll Deep, it was released on 8 November 2010. Three singles have been released from the album, including "Good Times" and "Green Light", which both went to number 1 in the UK, plus the top 30 hit "Take Control", which features Alesha Dixon.

At the time of recording, the collective consisted of DJ Target, Flowdan, Breeze, Danny Weed, DJ Karnage, J2K, Manga, Brazen and Scratchy.

Zebra crossing

A zebra crossing is a type of pedestrian crossing used in many places around the world. Its distinguishing feature is alternating dark and light stripes on the road surface, resembling the coat of a zebra. A zebra crossing typically gives priority to pedestrians.

Rules of the road
Road user guides
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Moving violations
Driver licensing
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