Greek Byzantine Catholic Church

The Greek Byzantine Catholic Church (Greek: Ελληνόρρυθμη Καθολική Εκκλησία, Ellinórrythmi Katholikí Ekklisía) is a sui iuris Eastern Catholic particular church of the Catholic Church that uses the Byzantine liturgical rite in Koine Greek and Modern Greek. Its membership includes inhabitants of Greece and Turkey.

Greek Byzantine Catholic Church
ClassificationEastern Catholic
GovernanceSui iuris
StructureApostolic Exarchates
PopeFrancis
LeaderBishop Manuel Nin
Apostolic Exarch of Greece
AssociationsCongregation for the Oriental Churches
RegionGreece, Constantinople
LiturgyByzantine Rite
HeadquartersHoly Trinity Cathedral
OriginJune 11, 1911
Separated fromGreek Orthodox
Congregations4
Members6,016
Ministers11[1]

History

After the failure of the attempts by the Council of Bari in 1098, the Council of Lyon in 1274 and the Council of Florence in 1439 to repair the breach of the East-West Schism between Greek and Latin Christians, many individual Greeks, then under Ottoman rule, embraced communion with Rome.

However, it was not until the 1880s that a sui juris church specifically for Greek Catholics who followed the Byzantine rite was built in the village of Malgara in Thrace. Before the end of the 19th century, two more such churches were built, one in Constantinople and the other in Chalcedon.

In 1826, Catholic priest John Marangos began a mission among the Orthodox Christians of Constantinople, where he managed the construction of a small community. In 1878, he moved on to Athens, where he died in 1885 after he had founded a church. In addition, he had won two small villages in Thrace for the Catholic faith.

After 1895, the Assumptionists began their mission in Constantinople, a seminary and two other small towns, founded in 1910; there were about 1,000 worshipers with 12 priests, 10 of which were Assumptionists.

In 1907, a native Greek priest, Isaias Papadopoulos, the priest who had built the church in Thrace, was appointed vicar general for the Greek Catholics within the Apostolic Delegation of Constantinople, and in 1911, he received episcopal consecration and was put in charge of the newly-established ordinariate for Greek Byzantine Rite Catholics, which later became an exarchate. The particular Church of Byzantine Rite Greek Catholics was founding. Much more numerous were the Greek Catholics of Latin Rite, who formed the majority of the population in some Aegean islands.

As a result of the conflict between Greece and Turkey after the First World War, the Greek Catholics of Malgara and of the neighbouring village of Daudeli moved to Giannitsa in Macedonia, where today lives a sizeable community, and many of those who lived in Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) emigrated or fled to Athens, one being the bishop who had succeeded to the position of Exarch and the religious institute of the Sisters of the Pammakaristos, founded in 1920.

In 1932, the territory of the Exarchate for Byzantine-Rite Greek Catholics was limited to that of the Greek state, and a separate Exarchate of Constantinople was established for those resident in Turkey. Continued emigration and anti-Greek nationalist incidents by Turks, such as the Istanbul Pogrom, made the Greek Catholics of the latter exarchate extremely few. The last resident Greek-Catholic priest in Constantinople died in 1997 and has not since been replaced. The only regular services in the Greek-Catholic Church of the Holy Trinity there are held by exiled Chaldean Catholics living in the city.

Vocations to the Greek Byzantine Catholic Church are largely drawn from the Greek islands of Syros and Tinos, which both have sizable Catholic populations.

Bishop Manuel Nin (titular bishop of Carcabia) is current Apostolic Exarch of the Byzantine Rite Catholics in Greece.

Byzantine Rite Catholic Greeks in Greece number were mildly rising to 6,016 (6,000 in Greece and 16 in Turkey) as of 2017.[2] In Athens, the main Greek Catholic church is the Holy Trinity Cathedral, Athens.

Although not under the jurisdiction of the Greek Byzantine Catholic Church, a Greek-Catholic community of the descendants of expatriated Greeks exists at Cargèse, in Corsica. A priest based in Athens, Archimandrite Armaos Athanasios, visits Cargèse several times a year to conduct services in the Greek church.[3]

Byzantine Greek Catholics

Notable Greek Byzantine, or Eastern, Catholics (also called Unites for favouring the Union of the Churches) include:

Exarchs

See also

Related Institutions outside of Greece:

Historical Connections:

Other:

References

  1. ^ Roberson, Ronald G. "The Eastern Catholic Churches 2010" (PDF). Eastern Catholic Churches Statistics. Catholic Near East Welfare Association. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
  2. ^ "The Eastern Catholic Churches 2017" (PDF). CNEWA or Catholic Near East Welfare Association. Retrieved 2018-02-25.
  3. ^ "L'exception grecque", Corse-Matin (in French), 23 April 2011, retrieved 2011-04-23

External links

Assumption Cathedral, Chania

The Assumption Cathedral (Greek: Καθεδρικός Ναός της Κοιμήσεως της Θεοτόκου) also called Catholic Cathedral of Chania and alternatively Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary is the Roman Catholic cathedral in Chania, on the island of Crete in Greece.

Catholic Church in the Middle East

The Catholic Church in the Middle East is under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome. The Catholic Church is said to have traditionally originated in the Middle East in the 1st century AD, and was one of the major religions of the region from the 4th-century Byzantine reforms until the centuries following the Arab Islamic conquests of the 7th century AD. Ever since, its proportion has decreased until today's diaspora tendency, mainly due to persecution by Islamic majority societies. In most Islamic countries, the Catholic Church is severely restricted or outlawed. Significant exceptions include Israel and Lebanon.

The largest group remaining in the Middle East is the Maronite Church based in Beirut, Lebanon, an Eastern Catholic church in full communion with the Pope and the rest of the Catholic Church.

For specific nations (including Eastern Catholic churches), see:

Catholic Church in Armenia

Armenian Catholic Church

Catholic Church in Azerbaijan

Catholic Church in Israel

Catholic Church in Iran

Catholic Church in Iraq

Chaldean Catholic Church

Catholic Church in Egypt

Coptic Catholic Church

Catholic Church in Kuwait

Catholic Church in Lebanon

Maronite Church

Catholic Church in Oman

Catholic Church in the Palestinian territories

Catholic Church in the United Arab Emirates

Catholic Church in Saudi Arabia

Catholic Church in Syria

Syriac Catholic Church

Melkite Catholic Church

Catholic Church in Turkey

Greek Byzantine Catholic Church

Catholic Church in YemenIn addition, the Latin Church in the Middle East comprise Latin Catholics, called Latins during the Middle Ages, subject to the Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem.

Church of Our Lady of Damascus, Valletta

The Church of Our Lady of Damascus (Greek: Εκκλησία της Παναγίας της Δαμασκού) is a Greek Byzantine Catholic Church church in Valletta, Malta. It is also called Id-Damaxxena.

Dimitri Salachas

Dimitri (Dimitrios) Salachas (born in 1939 in Athens, Greece) was the Apostolic Exarch of the Greek Byzantine Catholic Church.

George Calavassy

George Calavassy (February 2, 1881 in Greece – November 7, 1957 in Greece) was a Catholic prelate belonging to Apostolic Exarchate of Constantinople from 13 July 1920 to 11 June 1932, and Exarch of the Greek Byzantine Catholic Church from 11 June 1932 to 7 November 1957.

Grecìa Salentina

Grecìa Salentina (Italian for "Salentine Greek-speaking land") is an area in the peninsula of Salento in southern Italy, near the town of Lecce which is inhabited by the Griko people, an ethnic Greek minority in southern Italy who speak Griko, a variant of Greek.

Greek Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Greece

The Greek Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Greece is the junior of two jurisdictions constituting the Greek Byzantine Catholic Church, an Eastern Catholic particular church sui iuris, which practices the Byzantine Rite in the Greek language.

It is exempt, i.e. not part of any ecclesiastical province, but directly subject to the Holy See (notably the Roman Congregation for the Oriental Churches).

It has its cathedral episcopal see in the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity (Holy Trinity Cathedral) in Athens, Greece, and covers the whole of the Hellenic Republic.

Greek Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Istanbul

The Greek Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Istanbul (or of Constantinople) ( Exarchatus Apostolicus Constantinopolitanus) is the senior of two missionary pre-diocesan Eastern Catholic jurisdictions that constitute the Greek Byzantine Catholic Church, an Eastern Catholic Church of the Byzantine Rite in Greek language.

It is exempt, i.e. directly subject to the Holy See, not part of any ecclesiastical province (which don't exist in the Greek Catholic Church, as it lacks a Metropolitan). The Apostolic Exarchate covers all territory of Turkey. Its cathedral episcopal see is the Ayatriada Rum Katoliki Kilise (Holy Trinity Rum Catholic Church) in Istanbul. As of 2013, it was the sole parish of the exarchate and has 20 parishioners.

Greek Catholic Church

The Greek Catholic Church refers to a number of Eastern Catholic Churches following the Byzantine (Greek) liturgy, considered collectively or individually.

The terms Greek Catholic, Greek-Catholic, Greek Catholic church and Greek-Catholic Church may refer to:

Individually, any 14 of the 23 Eastern Catholic Churches which use the Byzantine rite, a.k.a. Greek Rite:

the Albanian Greek Catholic Church

the Belarusian Greek Catholic Church

the Bulgarian Greek Catholic Church

the Greek Catholic Church of Croatia and Serbia

the Greek Byzantine Catholic Church, in Greece and Turkey

the Hungarian Greek Catholic Church

the Italo-Albanian Catholic Church

the Macedonian Greek Catholic Church

the Melkite Greek Catholic Church

the Romanian Greek Catholic Church (officially the Romanian Church United with Rome, Greek-Catholic)

the Russian Greek Catholic Church

the Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church

the Slovak Greek Catholic Church

the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church

Any other group of Eastern Catholics following the Byzantine rite:

the Georgian Byzantine-Rite Catholics

an Ordinariate for Eastern Catholic faithful without proper ordinary, in 6 countries

The Catholic Church in Greece, a Roman Catholic hierarchy following the Latin rite in the country of Greece

Greek Vulgate

The Greek Vulgate is a version of the Bible written in Biblical Greek. Its text is from the Septuagint for most of the Old Testament with the version of Theodotion used for the Book of Daniel. Its New Testament text is the Greek New Testament, typically the Majority or Byzantine Text. The Greek Vulgate is the de facto standard Biblical text used in the Divine Liturgy, Horologion, and other rites in all Greek-Language Eastern Churches - the Greek Orthodox Church: including the Church of Greece, the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, and the Church of Cyprus - as well as the Greek Byzantine Catholic Church.

The term Greek Vulgate is commonly used in the West to refer to the Textus Receptus of the New Testament, although the Textus Receptus is not the common edition used in the Greek churches.

Holy Trinity Cathedral, Athens

The Holy Trinity Cathedral (Greek: Ιερός Ελληνόρρυθμος Καθολικός Ναός Αγίας Τριάδας ) also called Greek-Catholic Cathedral of Athens Is the name given to a religious building affiliated with the Catholic Church which follows the Byzantine or Constantinopolitan rite and is located in the city of Athens the capital of the European country of Greece. Not to be confused with the Catholic cathedral of Latin rite, the Cathedral Basilica of St. Dionysius the Areopagite, nor with the Catholic cathedral of Armenian rite dedicated to St. Gregory the Illuminator.

It functions as the seat of the Greek Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Greece (Exarchatus Apostolicus Graeciae) that was created on June 11, 1932 by the then Pope Pius XI.

It is under the pastoral responsibility of Bishop Manuel Nin.

Hyakinthos Gad

Hyakinthos Gad (2 February 1912 – 30 January 1975) was Apostolic exarch of the Greek Byzantine Catholic Church from 17 February 1958 to 1975.

Immaculate Conception Cathedral, Thessaloniki

The Immaculate Conception Cathedral (Greek: Καθεδρικός Ναός του Ευαγγελισμού της Θεοτόκου) is a Roman Catholic church located in the Frangon street in the city of Thessaloniki, in northern Greece.

The temple follows the Roman or Latin rite and functions as the main Church of the Apostolic Vicariate of Thessaloniki (Vicariatus Apostolicus Thessalonicensis or Αποστολικό Βικαριάτο Θεσσαλονίκης), which was created in 1926 by Pope Pius XI by the apostolic brief "In sublimi Principis".

The structure was completed in 1902 designed by Vitaliano Poselli. The Masses are celebrated in Greek and English. Sundays at 8:00 am and 10:00 am are offered in Greek and English at 7:00.

In the city there is also a Catholic cemetery in Ampelokipoi.

Isaias Papadopoulos

Bishop Isaias Papadopoulos (24 February 1855, Pyrgos, Greece – 19 January 1932) was the first Exarch of the Greek Byzantine Catholic Church.

List of Greek popes

This is a list of Greek popes. Most were pope before or during the Byzantine Papacy (537–752). It does not include all the Sicilian and Syrian popes of Greek extraction from that period.

Manuel Nin

Manuel Nin i Güell, O.S.B., also known as Manuel Nin, (born 20 August 1956) is the Apostolic Exarch to Greece of the Greek Byzantine Catholic Church.

Pizzica

Pizzica (Italian pronunciation: [ˈpittsika]) is a popular Italian folk dance, originally from the Salento peninsula in Apulia and later spreading throughout the rest of Apulia and the regions of Calabria and eastern Basilicata.

It is part of the larger family of tarantella (plural: tarantelle) dances.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Andros

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Andros was a Latin catholic bishopric in insular Greece. In 1919, it was absorbed by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Naxos, Andros, Tinos and Mykonos.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Chios

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Chios (Latin: Dioecesis Chiensis) is a diocese located on the island of Chios in the Ecclesiastical province of Naxos, Andros, Tinos and Mykonos in Greece.

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