Greater St. Louis is a bi-state metropolitan area that completely surrounds and includes the independent city of St. Louis (its principal city). It includes parts of both the U.S. states of Missouri and Illinois. The city core is on the Mississippi Riverfront on the border with Illinois in the geographic center of the metro area. The Mississippi River bisects the metro area in half geographically between Illinois and Missouri; however, the Missouri half is much more populous. St. Louis is the largest metro area in Missouri and the second largest in Illinois. St. Louis County is independent of the City of St. Louis and their two populations are generally tabulated separately.
The St. Louis, MO-IL metropolitan statistical area (MSA)—and the focus of this page—includes the City of St. Louis; the Illinois counties of Bond, Calhoun, Clinton, Jersey, Macoupin, Madison, Monroe, and St. Clair (known collectively as the Metro East); and the Missouri counties of Franklin, Jefferson, Lincoln, St. Charles, St. Louis County (separate from and not inclusive of the city of St. Louis), and Warren.
The larger St. Louis–St. Charles–Farmington, MO–IL combined statistical area (CSA) includes all of the aforementioned MSA, plus the Farmington, MO micropolitan statistical area, which includes all of St. Francois County, Missouri, and the Centralia, IL micropolitan statistical area, which includes Marion County, Illinois.
As of 2017 data, the MSA is the 21st-largest in the country that year with a population of 2,807,338; however, the CSA is the 19th-largest in the United States, with a population of 2,911,945. Due to nearly zero growth in St. Louis paired with rapid growth in the Sun Belt and Florida, the St. Louis MSA fell out of the Top 20 Largest MSAs in the United States in 2017 for the first time since 1840.
As of 2018, Greater St. Louis is home to the headquarters of ten of Missouri's eleven Fortune 500 companies, six Fortune 1,000 companies, and two of the top 30 Largest Private Companies in America, as ranked by Forbes. The area received the All-America City Award in 2008.
Greater St. Louis Metropolitan Area
St. Louis, MO-IL
A NASA image of the Greater St. Louis area.
Gateway To The West
Location in Missouri
|Largest city||St. Louis|
|• Total||8,458 sq mi (21,910 km2)|
|• Land||8,261 sq mi (21,400 km2)|
|• Water||197 sq mi (510 km2) 2.3%|
|Elevation||466–1,280 ft (142–390 m)|
|• Metro density||339.8/sq mi (131.2/km2)|
|• MSA||2,807,338 (21st)|
|• CSA||2,911,945 (19th)|
|MSA/CSA = 2017|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|Area code(s)||314, 636, 618, 573, 217|
The history of St. Louis, Missouri began with the settlement of the St. Louis area by Native American mound builders who lived as part of the Mississippian culture from the 9th century to the 15th century, followed by other migrating tribal groups. Starting in the late 17th century, French explorers arrived. Spain took over in 1763 and a trading company established the settlement of St. Louis in February 1764. The city became part of the U.S. through the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. The American Civil War saw St. Louis had a small skirmish on its outskirts, but was held under Union control. After the war, the city expanded its railroad connections and industrial activity.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As noted above, the Greater St. Louis area includes two cities named O'Fallon (in St. Charles County, Missouri and St. Clair County, Illinois) and two cities named Troy (in Lincoln County, Missouri, and Madison County, Illinois).
According to the 2010 United States Census, in Greater St. Louis there were 2,787,701 people living in 1,143,001 households, of which 748,892 households were families.
In 2010, 98.2 percent of the population of Greater St. Louis considered themselves of one race, while 1.8 percent considered themselves of two or more races (e.g. biracial). Of those of one race, 2,214,298 residents or 76.9 percent of the population were white, 519,221 or 18 percent were African American, 60,316 or 2.1 percent were Asian American, and 32,542 residents or 1.1 percent were American Indian, Native Hawaiian, Pacific Islander American, or some other race. 72,797 residents or 2.5 percent were Hispanic or Latino Americans of any race.
As of 2010, the median age for Greater St. Louis is 38.2, and 47.4 percent of the population was male while 52.6 percent of the population was female.
As of 2010, Greater St. Louis included 1,264,680 housing units, and 90.4 percent or 1,143,001 units were occupied. Of those units that were vacant, 3.2 percent or 40,553 units were for rent, 1.6 percent or 19,956 were for sale, 1 percent or 12,575 were unoccupied seasonal homes, and .5 percent or 6,771 were sold or rented but unoccupied. 3.3 percent or 41,884 units were vacant and not for sale or rent. Of the occupied housing units, 70.6 percent or 807,431 were owner-occupied with 2,075,622 occupants. 29.4 percent or 335,570 units were rented with 739,749 occupants.
In 2010, the median income for a household in the St. Louis metro was $50,900.
Transportation in Greater St. Louis includes road, rail, and air transportation modes connecting the communities in the area with national and international transportation networks. Parts of Greater St. Louis also support a public transportation network that includes bus, as well as the MetroLink light rail which began operating in 1993. The principal airport serving the region is St. Louis Lambert International Airport, located in St. Louis County.
Education in Greater St. Louis is provided by more than two dozen public school districts, independent private schools, parochial schools, and several public library systems. Greater St. Louis also is home to more than 30 colleges and universities.
Parks in Greater St. Louis are administered by a variety of state, county, and municipal authorities, and the region also includes the state of Missouri's only National Memorial, the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, which is the site of the Gateway Arch. Several Missouri state parks in the region and parks owned by St. Louis County are larger than 1,000 acres, while one park in the city of St. Louis, Forest Park, also exceeds 1,000 acres.
The 2014 Gross Metropolitan Product (GMP) of St. Louis was $145.958 billion. That makes St. Louis the 21st highest GMP in the United States. The three largest categories of employment in Greater St. Louis are trade, transportation, and utilities with 249,000 workers, education and healthcare services with 225,000 workers, and professional and business services with 185,000 workers. Greater St. Louis has more than 1.3 million non-farm workers, representing roughly 15 percent of the non-farm workforce of Missouri and Illinois combined. As of May 2011, 125,000 non-farm workers were unemployed in Greater St. Louis, with an unemployment rate of 8.6 percent. As of the third quarter of 2010, the Greater St. Louis region had more than 73,000 companies or establishments paying wages, while average weekly wages for that period were $833, slightly lower than the U.S. national average of $870.
The largest industry by business conducted was wholesaling with $71 billion, followed by manufacturing with $67 billion, retail trade with $36 billion, and healthcare with $16 billion. The area's largest employer by sector was healthcare with 174,000 workers, followed by retail trade with 152,000 workers and manufacturing with 134,000 workers. Using available data, the combined value of business conducted in the combined statistical area was $213 billion in 2007. With a gross metropolitan product of $112 billion in 2009, St. Louis' economy makes up 40% of the Gross State Product of Missouri.
As of 2018, Greater St. Louis is home to ten of Missouri's eleven Fortune 500 companies: Express Scripts (#25), Centene (#61), Emerson Electric (#178), Monsanto (#199), Reinsurance Group of America (#234), Edward Jones (#376), Graybar (#426), Olin Corporation (#448), Ameren (#453), and Peabody Energy (#491). In addition, the area is home to six Fortune 1,000 companies: Post Holdings (#512), Stifel (#734), Caleres (#778), Belden (#851), Arch Coal (#870), Edgewell Personal Care (#876). As well as two of the Top 30 Largest Private Companies in America, as ranked by Forbes: Enterprise Holdings (#12) and World Wide Technology (#27).
Other notable corporations from the area include Wells Fargo Advisors (formerly A.G. Edwards), Energizer Holdings, and Ralcorp. Significant healthcare and biotechnology institutions with operations in St. Louis include Pfizer, the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, the Solae Company, Sigma-Aldrich, and Multidata Systems International.
Although it was purchased by Belgium-based InBev, Anheuser-Busch continues its presence in the city, as does Mallinckrodt Incorporated in spite of its purchase by Tyco International. The May Department Stores Company (which owned Famous-Barr and Marshall Field's stores) was purchased by Federated Department Stores, but Federated maintained its regional headquarters in the area. General Motors continues to produce cars in the St. Louis area, although Chrysler closed its production facility in the region, which was located in Fenton, Missouri. Despite its purchase by Nestlé, Ralston Purina remained headquartered in St. Louis as a wholly owned subsidiary. St. Louis is also home to Boeing Phantom Works (formerly McDonnell-Douglas). In addition, the Federal Reserve Bank of St Louis in downtown is one of two federal reserve banks in Missouri.
St. Louis County in particular is home to several area companies. Monsanto Company, formerly a chemical company and now a leader in genetically modified crops, is headquartered in Creve Coeur. Express Scripts, a pharmaceutical benefits management firm, has its corporate headquarters in the suburbs of St. Louis, near the campus of the University of Missouri–St. Louis. Energizer Holdings, the battery company, is headquartered in Town and Country. Enterprise Rent-A-Car's headquarters are located in Clayton. Charter Communications was formerly headquartered in Town and Country, until the executive team moved to Stamford, Connecticut; however, Charter has continued to grow in St. Louis and has upwards of 4,000 employees in the region as of mid-2018. Emerson Electric's headquarters are located in Ferguson. Boeing Integrated Defense Systems is headquartered in Berkeley. Trans States Airlines is headquartered in Bridgeton. Edward Jones Investments is headquartered in Des Peres. From 1994 until its acquisition in 2000 by Tyco International, another chemical company, Mallinckrodt, was headquartered in St. Louis County. Many of the former Mallinckrodt facilities are still in operation by Tyco in the St. Louis suburb of Hazelwood, Missouri. Others are SSM Health Care, Mercy Hospital, and the Tenet Healthcare Corporation chain.
Calvin Munson (born December 27, 1994) is an American football linebacker for the New England Patriots of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at San Diego State University, and was signed by the New York Giants as an undrafted free agent in 2017.Crime in St. Louis
Crime in St. Louis includes an overview of crime both in the city of St. Louis and in the Greater St. Louis metropolitan area. Crime in the city increased from the 1960s through the early 1990s as measured by the index crime rate, followed by a decline in crime rates through 2014. Despite decreasing crime, rates of violent crime and property crime in both the city and the metropolitan area remain higher than the national metropolitan area average. In addition, the city of St. Louis consistently has been ranked among the most dangerous cities in the United States. As of April 2017, St. Louis has the highest murder rate in America. At the end of 2017, St. Louis metropolitan had 205 murders with only 159 within the city limit. The new Chief of Police, John Hayden said two-thirds (67%) of all the murders and one-half of all the assaults are concentrated in a triangular area in the North part of the city.Dierbergs Markets
Dierbergs is a supermarket chain based in Chesterfield, Missouri that, along with Schnucks, dominates the St. Louis County grocery marketplace. Operating 25 stores in both Missouri and Illinois, the company can trace its history back to 1854, when a general merchant exchange opened on Olive Street Road, slightly east of where Interstate 270 crosses Olive today.It has more than 5,000 employees, making it one of the top 25 largest employers in the St. Louis area.Dierberg's Florist & Gifts ranks as the number one FTD florist in St. Louis County, number one in Missouri, and number nine out of 20,000 FTD florists throughout the United States.Education in Greater St. Louis
Education in Greater St. Louis is provided by more than two dozen public school districts, independent private schools, parochial schools, and several public library systems. Greater St. Louis also is home to more than thirty colleges and universities.Greater St. Louis Area Council
The Greater Saint Louis Area Council of the Boy Scouts of America was formed in 1911 and is based in St. Louis, Missouri. It is the compilation of several former councils that have merged with the council over the years. The council serves Scouts in the St. Louis Metro area, southeast Missouri, and southern and central Illinois.Greater St. Louis Golf Classic
This article is about the former PGA Tour event, for information on the former Nationwide Tour event, see St. Louis Golf Classic.
The Greater St. Louis Golf Classic was a golf tournament on the PGA Tour in 1972 and 1973. It was played at the Norwood Hills Country Club in Normandy, Missouri.
In 1972, Lee Trevino made birdie on the first two holes Sunday to take over the lead from future PGA Tour Commissioner Deane Beman and eventually beat him by one shot.In 1973, Gene Littler won by one shot over Bruce Crampton. Sixteen months previously, Littler had been operated on for cancer of the lymph gland.Illinois Terminal Railroad
The Illinois Terminal Railroad Company (reporting marks "ITC"), known as the Illinois Traction System until 1937, was a heavy duty interurban electric railroad with extensive passenger and freight business in central and southern Illinois from 1896 to 1982. When Depression era Illinois Traction was in financial distress and had to reorganize, the Illinois Terminal name was adopted to reflect the line's primary money making role as a freight interchange link to major steam railroads at its terminal ends, Peoria, Danville, and St. Louis. Interurban passenger service slowly was reduced, and it ended in 1956. Freight operation continued but was hobbled by tight street running in some towns requiring very sharp radius turns. In 1956, ITC was absorbed by a consortium of connecting railroads.List of high schools in Greater St. Louis
This is a list of high schools in Greater St. Louis. It includes public and private schools and is arranged by state, county and then by school district for public schools, or by affiliation for private schools.List of hospitals in St. Louis
This is a list of hospitals in St. Louis, including those in St. Louis County, sorted by name. A list of hospitals in Missouri is also available.List of museums and cultural institutions in Greater St. Louis
The Greater St. Louis metropolitan area has many cultural institutions and museums including:
The Gateway Arch and the Museum of Westward Expansion. The Museum of Westward Expansion is an underground museum beneath the Gateway Arch focusing on St. Louis' role in the expansion and settling of the United States west of the Mississippi River before and after the Louisiana Purchase.
The Saint Louis Art Museum, Missouri History Museum, Jewel Box, Saint Louis Zoo, McDonnell Planetarium, and the Muny are all located in Forest Park, the city's premiere park.
The City Museum has a collection of re-purposed architectural and industrial objects constituting a multistory play-land. It also features an aquarium and a museum of historical architecture.
Grand Center is a historic arts and culture district that is home to the Fox Theatre, the Contemporary Art Museum St. Louis, Pulitzer Arts Foundation, and The Sheldon.
Cahokia Mounds is a national historic site, state historic site, and UNESCO World Heritage Site, Cahokia Mounds hosts an interpretive center with many models and artifacts related to ancient Mississippian culture.
Mastodon State Historic Site is home to the Kimmswick Bonebed mastodon fossil collection. There is a small museum dedicated to mastodons on site.Metro East
Metro East is a region in Illinois that comprises the eastern suburbs of St. Louis, Missouri, United States. It encompasses five Southern Illinois counties (and parts of three others) in the St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area. The region's most populated city is Belleville, with 45,000 residents. The Metro East is the second largest urban area in Illinois after the Chicago metropolitan area and, as of the 2000 census, the population of the Metro East statistical area is 599,845 residents, a figure that has risen above 700,000 in 2010. The significant growth in the Metro East is mainly due to people in smaller outlying towns in Illinois moving to the area for better economic/job opportunities.Parks in Greater St. Louis
Parks in Greater St. Louis are administered by a variety of state, county, and municipal authorities. The region also is home to Gateway Arch National Park, site of the Gateway Arch, the only National Memorial in the state of Missouri. Among the largest municipal parks is Forest Park, which is 1,293 acres (5.2 km2) and is located in the city of St. Louis, although both Greensfelder County Park and Creve Coeur Park in St. Louis County are larger, at 1,646 and 2,114 acres (6.7 and 8.6 km2) respectively. St. Louis County is also the location of two large state parks, Babler State Park with 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2) and Castlewood State Park with 2.8 square miles (7.3 km2). The largest state park in the region is Meramec State Park, located near Sullivan, Missouri, with 10.8 square miles (28 km2) of parkland.St. Francis Borgia Regional High School
St. Francis Borgia Regional High School is a Roman Catholic secondary school in Washington, Franklin Country, Missouri, established in 1901. As of 2012, its enrollment is 535 students.St. Louis Downtown Airport
St. Louis Downtown Airport (IATA: CPS, ICAO: KCPS, FAA LID: CPS) is a public-use airport located in Greater St. Louis, one mile (2 km) east of the central business district of Cahokia, in St. Clair County, Illinois, United States. It is owned by the Bi-State Development Agency. The airport is located less than 3 miles from the Gateway Arch riverfront in St. Louis and is used by many business aircraft visiting the St. Louis region. Airport services include two full-service 24-hour fixed-base operators, an instrument landing system, an FAA air traffic control tower, and its own dedicated Index B aircraft rescue and firefighting (ARFF) service.The St. Louis metropolitan area is also served by St. Louis Lambert International Airport in St. Louis County, Missouri; MidAmerica St. Louis Airport in Belleville, Illinois; St. Louis Regional Airport in Alton, Illinois; and Spirit of St. Louis Airport in Chesterfield, Missouri.St. Louis Regional Airport
St. Louis Regional Airport (IATA: ALN, ICAO: KALN, FAA LID: ALN) is a public airport four miles (6 km) east of Alton, in Madison County, Illinois. It is in the village of Bethalto but its mailing address is East Alton.Its operations are paid for by an airport taxation district created in 1946, which collects taxes from property owners in the Madison County townships of Alton, Wood River, Foster and Fort Russell.St. Pius X High School (Festus, Missouri)
St. Pius X High School was founded in 1959 to provide a Catholic education for high school students in Jefferson County, Missouri, United States. To this day it remains the only Catholic high school in the county. It is part of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Saint Louis.Sutton Smith
Sutton Smith (born March 22, 1996) is an American football outside linebacker and fullback for the Pittsburgh Steelers of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at Northern Illinois.Transportation in Greater St. Louis
Transportation in Greater St. Louis includes road, rail, and air transportation modes connecting the communities in the area with domestic and international transportation networks. Parts of Greater St. Louis also support a public transportation network that includes bus and light rail service.Vincent Valentine (American football)
Vincent Valentine (born February 23, 1994) is an American football defensive tackle for the Arizona Cardinals of the National Football League (NFL). He was drafted by the New England Patriots in the third round of the 2016 NFL Draft. He played college football at Nebraska.
|Missouri||St. Louis City||308,626|
|Missouri||St. Louis County||996,726|
|Under 5 years||181,691||6.3|
|5 to 9 years||186,507||6.5|
|10 to 14 years||193,331||6.7|
|15 to 19 years||202,140||7.0|
|20 to 24 years||186,331||6.5|
|25 to 29 years||196,659||6.8|
|30 to 34 years||182,406||6.3|
|35 to 39 years||180,523||6.3|
|40 to 44 years||189,696||6.6|
|45 to 49 years||222,982||7.7|
|50 to 54 years||223,937||7.8|
|55 to 59 years||191,601||6.7|
|60 to 64 years||155,990||5.4|
|65 to 69 years||114,805||4.0|
|70 to 74 years||86,043||3.0|
|75 to 79 years||71,860||2.5|
|80 to 84 years||57,691||2.0|
|85 years and over||54,062||1.9|
Greater St. Louis
(over 50,000 in 2010)
(over 20,000 in 2010)
(over 10,000 in 2010)
|Major Cities (25,000+)|
Jefferson City (capital)
|Counties and |
The 100 most populous metropolitan statistical areas of the United States of America