Greater Rio de Janeiro

Greater Rio de Janeiro, officially Rio de Janeiro Metropolitan Region (Grande Rio, officially Região Metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro, in Portuguese) is a large metropolitan area located in Rio de Janeiro state in Brazil, the second largest in Brazil and third largest in South America. It consists of 21 municipalities, including the capital of the State, Rio de Janeiro.

The metropolitan area of Rio de Janeiro is known as a historical, cultural and economic centre of Brazil, with a total population of 12.6 million inhabitants. The region was first officially defined on July 1, 1974, less than 1 year till the fusion of Guanabara into Rio de Janeiro. Several municipalities show a high level of conurbation, with Rio de JaneiroBaixada Fluminense and NiteróiSão Gonçalo being the most clear examples. It was changed several times to include or remove different cities in different moments of the history, in the years 1993, 2001, 2002, 2009 and 2013.

The water supply plans of the region are coordinated, and transportation in the area is heavily interconnected with urban intermunicipal buses to all municipalities in the area, trains over the capital to some Baixada Fluminense municipalities, ferry boats to some of the Guanabara Bay municipalities and major inter-city freeways such as the Rio–Niterói Bridge, Red Line, President Dutra freeway and Niterói-Manilha freeway. Most transportation methods are integrated with the capital inner-transportation system of buses, trains, metro, freeways and expressways.

Rio deJaneiro LE2002059 lrg
Satellite image of the metropolitan area, with the capital from the center below, Baixada Fluminense on the north-west and Niterói and São Gonçalo east of the Guanabara Bay
Rio de Janeiro Regiao Metropolitana 2014 modified
Cities of the Greater Rio de Janeiro in Red, in the State of Rio de Janeiro.

Cities by Population (2016)

+ 1,000,000

400,000 – 999,999

100,000 – 399,999



  • Population: 12.330.186 (2016 est.)[1]
  • Nominal GDP: R$404,37 Billion[2]
    • Largest GDP City: Rio de Janeiro City: R$282,5 billion (2016 est.)
  • Nominal GDP per capita: R$33,856.54 (2016 est.)
  • HDI: 0,771 (2016 est.)
    • Highest HDI City: Niterói: 0,837 (2016 est.)


The 21 municipalities of the area are:[3]

Administrative division Area (km²) Population 2000 Census Population (2010 Census)[4] Population (2016 est.) Population density 2010 (/km²)
Belford Roxo 77.815 434,474 469,261 494,141 5,919.49
Cachoeiras de Macacu 953.801 48.543 54,273 56,603 5.90
Duque de Caxias 467.62 775,456 855,046 886,917 1.887.71
Guapimirim 360.766 37,952 51,487 57,105 156.65
Itaboraí 430.374 187,479 218,090 230,786 532.11
Itaguaí 274.433 82,003 109,091 120,855 523.38
Japeri 81.869 83,278 95,391 100,562 1,219.79
Magé 388.496 205,830 228,150 236,319 604.41
Maricá 362.571 76,737 127,61 149,876 404.19
Mesquita 41.477 no data 168,403 171,020 4,116.76
Nilópolis 19.393 153,712 157,483 158,319 8,163.20
Niterói 133.916 459,451 487,327 497,883 3,709.01
Nova Iguaçu 519.159 920,599 797,212 797,435 1,555.38
Paracambi 179.772 40,475 47,124 50,071 275.47
Queimados 75.695 121,993 137,938 144,525 1,573.99
Rio Bonito 465.455 49,691 55,551 57,963 123.78
Rio de Janeiro 1,199.828 5,857,904 6,323,037 6,498,837 5,397.97
São Gonçalo 247.709 891,119 1,013,901 1,044,058 4,190.73
São João de Meriti 35.216 449,476 459,356 460,541 13,662.17
Seropédica 283.766 65,260 78,183 83,667 292.11
Tanguá 145.503 26,057 30,731 32,703 222.85
Metropolitan Rio Janeiro 6,744.634 10,670,040 12,603,936 12,330,186 1,820.81

Notes and references

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ IBGE Census 2010

Coordinates: 22°54′10″S 43°12′28″W / 22.9028°S 43.2078°W

Afonsos Air Force Base

Afonsos Air Force Base – BAAF (ICAO: SBAF) is a base of the Brazilian Air Force, located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The official name of the Base is Campo Délio Jardim de Matos (1916–1990) after a former commander of the base and Minister of the Air Force.

Bartolomeu de Gusmão Airport

Bartolomeu de Gusmão Airport (IATA: SNZ, ICAO: SBSC) was a Brazilian airport built to handle the operations with the rigid airships Graf Zeppelin and Hindenburg. The airport was named after Bartolomeu Lourenço de Gusmão (1685–1724), a Portuguese priest born in Brazil who did research about transportation with balloons.

In 1942 it became an Air Force Base of the Brazilian Air Force and therefore with exclusive military use. The following year its name was changed to Santa Cruz Air Force Base. It is located in the neighborhood of Santa Cruz in the western region of Rio de Janeiro.

Brazilian Portuguese

Brazilian Portuguese (português do Brasil [pohtʊˈɡez dʊ bɾaˈziw] or português brasileiro [pohtʊˈɡez bɾaziˈle̯ɪ̯ɾʊ]) is a set of dialects of the Portuguese language used mostly in Brazil. It is spoken by virtually all of the 200 million inhabitants of Brazil and spoken widely across the Brazilian diaspora, today consisting of about two million Brazilians who have emigrated to other countries.

Brazilian Portuguese differs significantly, particularly in phonology and prosody, from dialects spoken in Portugal and Portuguese-speaking African countries. In these latter countries, the language tends to have a closer connection to contemporary European Portuguese, partly because Portuguese colonial rule ended much more recently in them than in Brazil. Despite this difference between the spoken varieties, Brazilian and European Portuguese differ little in formal writing (in many ways analogous to the differences encountered between American and British English).

In 1990, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP), which included representatives from all countries with Portuguese as the official language, reached an agreement on the reform of the Portuguese orthography to unify the two standards then in use by Brazil on one side and the remaining Portuguese-speaking countries on the other. This spelling reform went into effect in Brazil on 1 January 2009. In Portugal, the reform was signed into law by the President on 21 July 2008 allowing for a 6-year adaptation period, during which both orthographies co-existed. All of the CPLP countries have signed the reform. In Brazil, this reform has been in force since January 2016. Portugal and other Portuguese-speaking countries have since begun using the new orthography.

Regional varieties of Brazilian Portuguese, while remaining mutually intelligible, may diverge from each other in matters such as vowel pronunciation and speech intonation.

Demographics of Rio de Janeiro

The demographics of Rio de Janeiro City are evidence of a uniquely large and ethnically diverse metropolis. It is the second largest city in Brazil with a population defined by a long history of international immigration.

Rio de Janeiro City is home to more than 6 million people, accounting for about 35% of the population of Rio de Janeiro State. Portuguese remains the most widely spoken language and Rio de Janeiro is the second city in the Portuguese speaking world.

Economy of Rio de Janeiro

The Economy of the Rio de Janeiro City is the 2nd largest regional economy and financial center in Brazil, both one of the largest in Latin America and one of the fastest growing in the world.

In 2017, the city's GDP was estimated at US$305 billion (approximately R$407 billion), or 7% of the country's purchasing power parity (and the 75% of State of Rio de Janeiro's economy), making the Rio de Janeiro's fourth richest city in Latin America, behind only Mexico City, Sao Paulo and Buenos Aires, as well as the 30th largest metropolitan area GDP in the world - ahead of cities such as Rome, Barcelona and Beijing.

The city possesses a robust and highly diversified economy, providing large-scale employment in heavy and light industry, manufacturing, commerce, finance, trade, and other service sectors.

Guandu River (Rio de Janeiro)

The Guandu River (Rio de Janeiro) is a river of Rio de Janeiro state in southeastern Brazil. This river together with the Paraíba do Sul River are the most important in the Rio de Janeiro state.The river supplies water to 9 million people in Greater Rio de Janeiro.

Many tributaries of the river rise in the 4,398 hectares (10,870 acres) Mendanha State Park, created in 2013.

An aqueduct carries the water across the Pedra Branca State Park to Rio's south zone.


Itacuruçá is a district of the municipality of Mangaratiba, in the Greater Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is a part of the Green Coast.

Jacarepaguá Airport

Jacarepaguá–Roberto Marinho Airport (ICAO: SBJR) is an airport in the neighborhood of Barra da Tijuca, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil previously dedicated to general aviation. Following refurbishment completion in 2008 the airport was renamed after Roberto Pisani Marinho (1904–2003), a journalist and former president of Globo Network, and since become a major helibase for offshore support.

It is operated by Infraero.

List of dialling codes in Brazil

Country Code: +55International Call Prefix: 00 then Carrier CodeTrunk Prefix: 0 then Carrier Code

This page contains a list of area codes in Brazil for telephone dialing. The area codes are distributed geographically, citing the main cities in each area.

Local phone numbers in Brazil observe an eight-digit pattern (nnnn-nnnn) for landlines and nine digits (nnnnn-nnnn) for mobile phones. Mobile numbers share the same geographic area codes as landlines, but the first digit differentiates them. Landline numbers start with digits 2 through 5. Initial digits 6 through 9 are reserved for mobile numbers, but as of 2017 all mobile numbers in Brazil start with the digit 9. (There is an exception for some iDEN mobile lines operated by Nextel, which are eight digits long and start with 7.)

Area codes have two digits, and are often notated between parentheses: (aa) nnnn-nnnn. For long-distance calls within Brazil, a zero (0) must be dialed first, then a carrier selection code (for example, 21 for Embratel and 41 for TIM Brasil), then the two-digit area code, then the local number. For example, to call the number 2222-2222 in Fortaleza (area code 85) using Oi (selection code 31) as the chosen carrier, one would dial 0 31 85 2222 2222.

For international calls to Brazil, the international access code used in the calling country must be dialed (for example, 011 from the United States and Canada, 00 from Europe and most other countries, or the actual "+" sign from some mobile networks), then Brazil's country code 55, then the two-digit area code, then the local eight- or nine-digit number. For example, to call the number 3333-3333 in Rio de Janeiro (area code 21) from Europe, one would dial 00 55 21 3333 3333.

Manguinhos Airport

Manguinhos Airport was an airport that existed in the neighborhood of Manguinhos, near Oswaldo Cruz Foundation in Rio de Janeiro from 1936 to 1972.


A megalopolis (sometimes called a megapolis; also megaregion, or supercity) is typically defined as a chain of roughly adjacent metropolitan areas, which may be somewhat separated or may merge into a continuous urban region.

Emerging megalopolises in the developing world include the Pearl River Delta, which when formed will constitute the core part of a Southern China Coast megaregion; the Unified Jakarta-Bandung metro area forming the core of the Northern Java megaregion; and the Yangtze River Delta core, a part of a Central Chinese Coast megaregion.

Muriqui, Mangaratiba

Muriqui is a towm of the municipality of Mangaratiba, located within the Greater Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is part of the Green Coast.

Nova Iguaçu

Nova Iguaçu (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈnɔvɐ iɡwɐˈsu], locally: [ˈnɒ̝v iɣwə̆ˈsuˑ] or [ˈnɒ̝və jɣwəˈsu], New Iguaçu) is a municipality in Rio de Janeiro state in Brazil.

Portuguese language

Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating in the Iberian Peninsula. It is the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Angola, and São Tomé and Príncipe. It also has co-official language status in East Timor, Equatorial Guinea and Macau in China. As the result of expansion during colonial times, a cultural presence of Portuguese and Portuguese creole speakers are also found in Goa, Daman and Diu in India; in Batticaloa on the east coast of Sri Lanka; in the Indonesian island of Flores; in the Malacca state of Malaysia; and the ABC islands in the Caribbean where Papiamento is spoken, while Cape Verdean Creole is the most widely spoken Portuguese-based Creole. A Portuguese-speaking person or nation may be referred to as "Lusophone" in both English and Portuguese.

Portuguese is part of the Ibero-Romance group that evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in the medieval Kingdom of Galicia and the County of Portugal, and has kept some Celtic phonology and lexicon. With approximately 215 to 220 million native speakers and 250 million total speakers, Portuguese is usually listed as the sixth most natively spoken language in the world, the third-most spoken European language in the world in terms of native speakers, and the most spoken language in the Southern Hemisphere. It is also the most spoken language in South America and the second-most spoken in Latin America after Spanish, one of the 10 most spoken languages in Africa and is an official language of the European Union, Mercosur, OAS, ECOWAS and the African Union.

Rio de Janeiro

Rio de Janeiro (; Portuguese: [ˈʁi.u d(ʒi) ʒɐˈne(j)ɾu]; River of January), or simply Rio, is the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas. The metropolis is anchor to the Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area, the second-most populous metropolitan area in Brazil and sixth-most populous in the Americas. Rio de Janeiro is the capital of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil's third-most populous state. Part of the city has been designated as a World Heritage Site, named "Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea", by UNESCO on 1 July 2012 as a Cultural Landscape.Founded in 1565 by the Portuguese, the city was initially the seat of the Captaincy of Rio de Janeiro, a domain of the Portuguese Empire. Later, in 1763, it became the capital of the State of Brazil, a state of the Portuguese Empire. In 1808, when the Portuguese Royal Court transferred itself from Portugal to Brazil, Rio de Janeiro became the chosen seat of the court of Queen Maria I of Portugal, who subsequently, in 1815, under the leadership of her son, the Prince Regent, and future King João VI of Portugal, raised Brazil to the dignity of a kingdom, within the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and Algarves. Rio stayed the capital of the pluricontinental Lusitanian monarchy until 1822, when the War of Brazilian Independence began. This is one of the few instances in history that the capital of a colonising country officially shifted to a city in one of its colonies. Rio de Janeiro subsequently served as the capital of the independent monarchy, the Empire of Brazil, until 1889, and then the capital of a republican Brazil until 1960 when the capital was transferred to Brasília.

Rio de Janeiro has the second largest municipal GDP in the country, and 30th largest in the world in 2008, estimated at about R$343 billion (IBGE, 2008) (nearly US$201 billion). It is headquarters to Brazilian oil, mining, and telecommunications companies, including two of the country's major corporations – Petrobras and Vale – and Latin America's largest telemedia conglomerate, Grupo Globo. The home of many universities and institutes, it is the second-largest center of research and development in Brazil, accounting for 17% of national scientific output according to 2005 data. Despite the high perception of crime, the city has a lower incidence of crime than Northeast Brazil, but it is far more criminalized than the south region of Brazil, which is considered the safest in the country.Rio de Janeiro is one of the most visited cities in the Southern Hemisphere and is known for its natural settings, Carnival, samba, bossa nova, and balneario beaches such as Barra da Tijuca, Copacabana, Ipanema, and Leblon. In addition to the beaches, some of the most famous landmarks include the giant statue of Christ the Redeemer atop Corcovado mountain, named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World; Sugarloaf Mountain with its cable car; the Sambódromo (Sambadrome), a permanent grandstand-lined parade avenue which is used during Carnival; and Maracanã Stadium, one of the world's largest football stadiums. Rio de Janeiro was the host of the 2016 Summer Olympics and the 2016 Summer Paralympics, making the city the first South American and Portuguese-speaking city to ever host the events, and the third time the Olympics were held in a Southern Hemisphere city. The Maracanã Stadium held the finals of the 1950 and 2014 FIFA World Cups, the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup, and the XV Pan American Games.

Rio de Janeiro (disambiguation)

Rio de Janeiro may refer to:

Rio de Janeiro, a city in Brazil

Rio de Janeiro (state), a state of Brazil

Greater Rio de Janeiro, the metropolitan area of the city in Brazil

A former name for Guanabara Bay

Rio de Janeiro (Bahia), a river in the Brazilian state of Bahia

Río de Janeiro (Buenos Aires Metro), a metro station in Buenos Aires

Protocol of Rio de Janeiro, a 1942 international agreement

Santa Cruz Air Force Base

Santa Cruz Air Force Base – BASC (IATA: SNZ, ICAO: SBSC) is a base of the Brazilian Air Force located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Santos Dumont Airport

Santos Dumont Airport (IATA: SDU, ICAO: SBRJ) is the second major airport serving Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is named after the Brazilian aviation pioneer Alberto Santos Dumont (1873–1932). It is operated by Infraero.

Santos Dumont has slot restrictions operating with a maximum of 19 operations/hour, being one of the five airports with such restrictions in Brazil.


Teresópolis (Portuguese pronunciation: [teɾeˈzɔpolis], [tɛɾeˈzɔpɔliɕ], [tɛɾeˈzɔpuliɕ], [teɾeˈzɔpuliɕ]) is a Brazilian municipality located in the state of Rio de Janeiro, in a mountainous region known as Região Serrana. The Serra dos Órgãos National Park lies partly within the city limits. The city is known as the home of the Brazilian national football team, since it hosts CBF's training ground at Granja Comary.

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