Great Lakes Science Center

The Great Lakes Science Center is a museum and educational facility in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, United States. Many of the exhibits document the features of the natural environment in the Great Lakes region of the United States. The facility includes signature (permanent) and traveling exhibits, meeting space, a cafe, and an IMAX Dome theater.

Great Lakes Science Center is funded by the citizens of Cuyahoga County through Cuyahoga Arts and Culture, grants, funds, and corporate and individual gifts.

Cleveland August 2015 54 (Great Lakes Science Center)
The Great Lakes Science Center as viewed from the marina

The museum opened in July 1996. The center's exhibits support STEM (science, technology, engineering, math) with exhibits including the BioMedTech Gallery, advanced energy, science phenomena and space. The Science Center is home to the NASA Glenn Visitor Center, one of only 11 such Visitor Centers in the country.[1] Also, Science Center staff conduct daily science demonstrations.

Throughout the school year, the Science Center provides STEM education to field trip students each year with programs and exhibits supporting classroom curriculum by meeting Ohio Revised Standards in Science. It also provides educator professional development programming. Homeschool workshops and programs are offered October through February. During the summer, the Science Center offers educational and fun camps for preschoolers through 12th graders that occur in various locations throughout Northeast Ohio. Year round, the Science Center provides classes, workshops, sleepovers and scout programs, as well as seasonal events for families, kids and adults.

The Science Center installed a wind turbine in its front yard in summer 2006. The wind turbine provides approximately 7% of the Science Center’s annual electrical needs. A year later, it completed the installation of a 300-foot solar array canopy featuring 156 photovoltaic panels that provide enough power to light all of the Science Center’s 65,000 square feet of exhibition space for one hour. During the course of a year, the solar array produces an average of 100 kWh per day, the equivalent of the average electrical usage of four homes.[2] The Science Center also offers opportunities alternative energy exhibitions for guests to interact with a touch-screen kiosk displaying both real-time and historical data.

The Great Lakes Science Center is located between FirstEnergy Stadium and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at North Coast Harbor on the shore of Lake Erie. Discounted parking is available for guests in the attached 500-car garage.[3]

Great Lakes Science Center
Clevelands Great Lakes Science Center
The Great Lakes Science Center is located at North Coast Harbor in Downtown Cleveland.
Great Lakes Science Center is located in Cleveland
Great Lakes Science Center
Location within Northeast Ohio
Great Lakes Science Center is located in Ohio
Great Lakes Science Center
Great Lakes Science Center (Ohio)
Great Lakes Science Center is located in the United States
Great Lakes Science Center
Great Lakes Science Center (the United States)
Location601 Erieside Ave,
Cleveland, Ohio 44114
Coordinates41°30′27″N 81°41′48″W / 41.50745°N 81.69658°WCoordinates: 41°30′27″N 81°41′48″W / 41.50745°N 81.69658°W
TypeScience museum
PresidentKirsten M. Ellenbogen
Public transit accessGCRTA  Waterfront Line  North Coast Station

NASA Glenn Visitor Center

SKYLAB 2 SL-3 Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio
The Skylab 3 Apollo Command Module is on display in the visitor center.

Previously located at the NASA Glenn Research Center located on Cleveland's south side, the NASA Glenn Visitor Center began to relocate within the Great Lakes Science Center in early 2010.[4] Admittance is included with the Science Center's general admission.

The NASA Glenn Visitor Center offers galleries, interactive exhibits, fascinating artifacts and amazing NASA media. Great Lakes Science Center also hosts monthly Space Saturday programs featuring space-themed activities, and an annual Space Adventure Week with space-themed events and programs, and guest speakers from NASA Glenn Research Center. Programs are free with paid general admission to the Science Center.

DOME Theater

The Great Lakes Science Center also holds the DOME Theater. The theater, called "The Cleveland Clinic DOME Theater," uses 70mm film, a 15,000 Watt projector light and a six channel sound system. The projector weighs 4200Lb (1910 kg) and uses 5.6 feet of film per second. The Theater shows films shot in IMAX, the world's largest film format. The theater is 79 feet tall and seats 300 people. There is a separate admission fee.[5]

Steamship William G. Mather

The 1925-built Steamship Mather is a restored 618-foot historic Great Lakes freighter. The flagship has huge cargo holds, brass and oak pilot house, guest quarters, and four-story engine room. There is a separate admission fee. Commonly referred to as "The Ship That Built Cleveland".

Great Science Academy

Great Science Academy is an immersive GSA is a multi-year, immersive science program for youth in grades 6-12 that uses project-based learning to engage teens in solving real-world challenges. Topics include Great Lakes (grade 6), Space and Aeronautics (7), Biomedical Technology (8) and Design and Innovation (9).

Great Science Academy is a 2014 recipient of a Noyce Foundation Bright Lights Community Engagement Prize. The initiative was created to recognize U.S. science centers, children's museums, and natural history museums that have done an outstanding job of engaging with their local communities, with a particular interest in outreach efforts that include some aspect of science, technology, engineering or math (STEM).

MC2 STEM High School

MC2 STEM High School is the result of an innovative partnership between the Cleveland Metropolitan School District (CMSD) and the Science Center. Focusing on STEM education (science, technology, engineering and math), the school furthers the mission of both organizations and makes science education come alive.

Designed as a project-based learning environment, the MC2 STEM High School exposes students to the design and implementation practices scientists and engineers use.

School is in session year-round, with students working for 10 weeks, taking a three-week break and then repeating that pattern for four 10-week terms throughout the year.

Cleveland Water Alliance

The Cleveland Water Alliance is a network of corporations, academic institutions, and public agencies across Northeast Ohio with a common goal: address the issues of water quality and water access that are critical for life on our planet. Housed at Great Lakes Science Center, the Alliance creates conversations and connections to bring attention to these critical issues and develop an economy in Northeast Ohio around their solutions. Working with its partners and collaborators, the Alliance is coordinating a community-wide effort to improve water quality and access. Great Lakes Science Center is a founding Partner of the Alliance.[6]

Science Phenomena

Science Phenomena is an exhibition of more than 100 hands-on experiences that enables guests to partake in the questions asked by scientists as they explore the world around us.

See also


  1. ^ "NASA Visitor Centers – NASA Visitor Centers". Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  2. ^ "GLSC 225 kW Turbine". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  3. ^ "Directions and Parking". Archived from the original on 22 September 2010. Retrieved 18 September 2010.
  4. ^ "NASA - NASA Glenn Visitor Center Moves to Great Lakes Science Center". 2010-03-30. Retrieved 2016-02-17.
  5. ^ Mitchell, Sandy. "A Visit to Cleveland's Great Lakes Science Center". Retrieved 18 September 2010.
  6. ^ "Fostering Water Innovation". Cleveland Water Alliance. Retrieved 2016-02-17.

External links


Cladophora is a genus of reticulated filamentous Ulvophyceae (green algae). The genus Cladophora contains many species that are very hard to tell apart and classify, mainly because of the great variation in their appearances, which is affected by habitat, age and environmental conditions. Unlike Spirogyra the filaments of Cladophora branch and it doesn't undergo conjugation. There are two multicellular stages in its life cycle - a haploid gametophyte and a diploid sporophyte - which look highly similar. The only way to tell the two stages apart is to either count their chromosomes, or examine their offspring. The haploid gametophyte produces haploid gametes by mitosis and the diploid sporophyte produces haploid spores by meiosis. The only visible difference between the gametes and spores of Cladophora is that the gametes have two flagella and the spores have four. The Cladophora species can be a major nuisance causing major alteration to benthic conditions linked particularly with increased phosphorus loading.

Cleveland Lakefront station

Cleveland Lakefront Station is an Amtrak train station at North Coast Harbor in Cleveland, Ohio. The station was built in 1977 to provide service to the Lake Shore Limited route, which was reinstated by Amtrak via Cleveland and Toledo in 1975. It replaced service to Cleveland Union Terminal. Lakefront Station is located in downtown Cleveland near the Lake Erie waterfront, adjacent to the Cleveland Memorial Shoreway and in the immediate vicinity of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, the Great Lakes Science Center, the Steamship William G. Mather Museum, and FirstEnergy Stadium. The station has had little to no renovation since its opening.

The station is served by Amtrak's daily Lake Shore Limited and Capitol Limited trains, and the RTA Waterfront Line. The Pennsylvanian served Cleveland from 1998 to 2003, when it reverted to its original Pittsburgh–New York route.

Downtown Cleveland

Downtown Cleveland is the central business district of Cleveland, Ohio. It is the economic and symbolic center of the Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area.

Dunes Creek

Dunes Creek is a northwards-flowing 4.3-mile-long (6.9 km) stream which drains the Great Marsh of the Indiana Dunes State Park and the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore in Porter County, Indiana, United States. Dunes Creek passes through the coastal sand dunes to empty into Lake Michigan.

FirstEnergy Stadium

FirstEnergy Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in Cleveland, Ohio, United States, primarily for American football. It is the home field of the Cleveland Browns of the National Football League (NFL), and serves as a venue for other events such as college and high school football, soccer, and concerts. It opened in 1999 as Cleveland Browns Stadium and was renovated in two phases in early 2014 and 2015. The initial seating capacity was listed at 73,200 people, but following the first phase of the renovation project in 2014, seating capacity was reduced to 67,431. Since 2017, capacity is listed at 67,895. The stadium sits on 31 acres (13 ha) of land between Lake Erie and the Cleveland Memorial Shoreway in the North Coast Harbor area of downtown Cleveland, adjacent to the Great Lakes Science Center and Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. The site was previously the location of Cleveland Stadium from 1931 to 1996.

Glenn Research Center

NASA John H. Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field is a NASA center, located within the cities of Brook Park and Cleveland between Cleveland Hopkins International Airport and the Rocky River Reservation of Cleveland Metroparks, with a subsidiary facility in Sandusky, Ohio. Its director is Janet L. Kavandi. Glenn Research Center is one of ten major NASA field centers, whose primary mission is to develop science and technology for use in aeronautics and space. As of May 2012, it employed about 1,650 civil servants and 1,850 support contractors located on or near its site.

In 2010, the formerly on-site NASA Visitors Center moved to the Great Lakes Science Center in the North Coast Harbor area of downtown Cleveland.

Great Lakes Exposition

The Great Lakes Exposition (also known as the World Fair of 1936) was held in Cleveland, Ohio, in the summers of 1936 and 1937, along the Lake Erie shore north of downtown. The fair commemorated the centennial of Cleveland's incorporation as a city. Conceived as a way to energize a city hit hard by the Great Depression, it highlighted the progress that had been achieved in the Great Lakes region in the last 100 years and indicated the path for future progress. Covering over 135 acres of Cleveland's lakefront, it featured numerous attractions: rides, sideshows, botanical gardens, cafes, art galleries, and much more. Similar to the Chicago World Fair, the exposition also wanted to expose visitors to other countries' cultures, celebrate American industry, and promote local businesses. Although the Great Lakes Exposition was not as much of a world fair as the Chicago World Fair was, the exposition drew 4 million visitors in its first season, and 7 million by the end of its second and final season in September 1937.

Lake Shore Electric Railway (museum)

The Lake Shore Electric Railway was an attempt to start an electric railway museum in Cleveland, Ohio.

The former Trolleyville USA museum (formally known as the Gerald E. Brookins Museum of Electric Railways) in Olmsted Township closed down in 2005. At that time, organizers sought to relocate the museum's collection of 31 trolley cars. In 2006, the collection was moved to Dock 32 of the Port of Cleveland, which is owned by the city and is located just north of Cleveland Browns Stadium and the Great Lakes Science Center as well as northwest of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at 41°30′32.65″N 81°41′59.53″W. The museum was renamed the Lake Shore Electric Railway to honor the interurban company from the early 20th century. In 2007, work towards constructing a new carbarn was started at the new location.The plans for a new museum never materialized, and in May 2009 it was announced that the railcars would be auctioned off. On October 2, 2009, it was announced that auction resulted in the collection being dispersed to a consortium of 10 railway museums. There was no open bidding. The sale price was not disclosed. One trolley, a 1914 Kuhlman streetcar that operated on Euclid Avenue, was slated to be restored and put on display in Cleveland's University Circle neighborhood. However, it was donated to the Illinois Railway Museum in 2013. The Gerald E. Brookins Collection of images was donated to the special collections of the Cleveland State University library.

Leptodiaptomus sicilis

Leptodiaptomus sicilis is a calanoid copepod native to the Laurentian Great Lakes and its basin.

List of museums in Cleveland

This is a list of museums in Cleveland and non-profit and university art galleries.

See also List of museums in Ohio for other museums in Cuyahoga County, Ohio and the rest of the state.

Macrocyclops albidus

Macrocyclops albidus is a larvivorous copepod species.

Michael R. White

Michael White (born August 13, 1951) is an American politician of the Democratic party and was the 55th and longest-serving mayor of Cleveland, Ohio encompassing three four-year terms, from 1990 to 2002. He was Cleveland's second African American mayor as well as the city's second youngest mayor.

North Coast Harbor

North Coast Harbor is a district in downtown Cleveland, Ohio on the shore of Lake Erie. The district serves as the home of the Great Lakes Science Center, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum, FirstEnergy Stadium, the Steamship William G. Mather Maritime Museum, the USS Cod, Burke Lakefront Airport, Voinovich Bicentennial Park, and the Cleveland-Cuyahoga County Port Authority. It is served by the West 3rd and North Coast stations on RTA's light rail Waterfront Line.

Paul Hoffman (science writer)

Paul Hoffman (born March 30, 1956) is the president and CEO of the Liberty Science Center in Jersey City, New Jersey. He is also a prominent author, science educator, food entrepreneur, and host of the PBS television series Great Minds of Science. He was president and editor in chief of Discover, in a ten-year tenure with that magazine, and served as president and publisher of Encyclopædia Britannica before returning full-time to writing and consulting work. He lives in Brooklyn and Woodstock, New York. Author of at least ten books, he has appeared on CBS This Morning and The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer as a correspondent. Hoffman is also a puzzlemaster using the pseudonym Dr. Crypton. He designed the puzzle in the 1984 book Treasure: In Search of the Golden Horse. He also designed the treasure map in the 1984 film, Romancing the Stone, starring Michael Douglas, Kathleen Turner, and Danny DeVito. Paul is a chess player rated around 1900 (or class-A level) who was the last man standing when world champion Magnus Carlsen played blindfold blitz chess against three challengers.Hoffman, who holds a B.A. degree summa cum laude from Harvard, is the winner of the first National Magazine Award for Feature Writing and is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Chicago magazine once called him "the smartest man in the world," but Hoffman claims the editors must have caught him on a particularly good day. The New York Times called Hoffman "the mayor of strange places" because of his penchant for checking in at out-of-the-way places on Foursquare. Paul's most celebrated book, The Man Who Loved Only Numbers, was featured in clue 104 Down in the Sunday Times crossword puzzle for 11/15/2015.

Before joining Liberty Science Center in October 2011, Hoffman was the editorial chairman of the video interview website Big Think, where he personally interviewed Dick Cavett, Richard Dawkins, Annie Duke, Arianna Huffington, John Irving, Penn Jillette, Anatoly Karpov, Garry Kasparov and Ed Koch, among others.

Hoffman is the creative director of the Beyond Rubik's Cube exhibition, which is appearing at venues around the world starting with LSC in Jersey City, NJ, the Great Lakes Science Center in Cleveland, and Telus World of Science in Edmonton, Canada. Exhibition elements include a 35-foot-tall rooftop cube made of lights that people can manipulate with their cellphones, a $2.5 million cube made of diamonds, a giant cube displaying the inner workings of the puzzle, and cube-solving robots. Google is LSC's creative partner in the creation of the 7,000-square-foot exhibition.

Skylab 3

Skylab 3 (also SL-3 and SLM-2) was the second manned mission to the first American space station, Skylab. The mission began July 28, 1973, with the launch of three astronauts on the Saturn IB rocket, and lasted 59 days, 11 hours and 9 minutes. A total of 1,084.7 astronaut-utilization hours were tallied by the Skylab 3 crew performing scientific experiments in the areas of medical activities, solar observations, Earth resources, and other experiments.

The manned Skylab missions were officially designated Skylab 2, 3, and 4. Mis-communication about the numbering resulted in the mission emblems reading Skylab I, Skylab II, and Skylab 3 respectively.

Steamship William G. Mather Maritime Museum

The Steamship William G. Mather (Official Number 224850) is a retired Great Lakes bulk freighter now restored as a museum ship in Cleveland, Ohio, one of four in the Great Lakes region. She transported cargo such as ore, coal, stone, and grain to ports throughout the Great Lakes, and was nicknamed "The Ship That Built Cleveland" because Cleveland's steel mills were a frequent destination.

Wind power in Ohio

Wind power in Ohio has a long history, and as of 2016, Ohio had 545 MW of utility-scale wind power installations installed, responsible for 1.1% of in-state electricity generated. Over 1000 MW more were under construction or pending approval. Some installations have become tourist attractions. There has been a sudden increase in generating capacity, as total windpower generation in the state in 2010 was just 9.7 MW.Ohio's first large wind farm, Timber Road II near Payne in northwest Ohio, opened on October 6, 2011.

Wind turbines on public display

The great majority of wind turbines around the world belong to individuals or corporations who use them to generate electric power or to perform mechanical work. As such, wind turbines are primarily designed to be working devices. However, the large size and height above surroundings of modern industrial wind turbines, combined with their moving rotors, often makes them among the most conspicuous objects in their areas. A few localities have exploited the attention-getting nature of wind turbines by placing them on public display, either with visitor centers on their bases, or with viewing areas farther away. The wind turbines themselves are generally of conventional horizontal-axis, three-bladed design, and generate power to feed electrical grids, but they also serve the unconventional roles of technology demonstration, public relations, and education.

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