Grauman's Chinese Theatre

TCL Chinese Theatre is a movie palace on the historic Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6925 Hollywood Blvd. in Hollywood, California. Originally named and still commonly known as Grauman's Chinese Theatre, it was renamed Mann's Chinese Theatre in 1973; the name lasted until 2001, after which it reverted to its original name. On January 11, 2013, Chinese electronics manufacturer TCL Corporation purchased the facility's naming rights, under which it is officially known as TCL Chinese Theatre.[2]

The original Chinese Theatre was commissioned following the success of the nearby Grauman's Egyptian Theatre, which opened in 1922. Built by a partnership headed by Sid Grauman over 18 months starting in January 1926, the theater opened May 18, 1927, with the premiere of Cecil B. DeMille's The King of Kings.[3] It has since been home to many premieres, including the 1977 launch of George Lucas' Star Wars,[4] as well as birthday parties, corporate junkets, and three Academy Awards ceremonies. Among the theatre's most distinctive features are the concrete blocks set in the forecourt, which bear the signatures, footprints, and handprints of popular motion picture personalities from the 1920s to the present day.

In 2013, the Chinese Theatre partnered with IMAX Corporation to convert the house into a custom-designed IMAX theater. The newly renovated theater seats 932 people and features one of the largest movie screens in North America.[1]

TCL Chinese Theatre
Grauman's Chinese Theatre, by Carol Highsmith fixed & straightened
Forecourt entrance, Hollywood Boulevard
TCL Chinese Theatre is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area
TCL Chinese Theatre
TCL Chinese Theatre
Location within the Los Angeles metropolitan area
TCL Chinese Theatre is located in California
TCL Chinese Theatre
TCL Chinese Theatre
TCL Chinese Theatre (California)
TCL Chinese Theatre is located in the United States
TCL Chinese Theatre
TCL Chinese Theatre
TCL Chinese Theatre (the United States)
Former namesMann's Chinese Theatre (1973-2001)
Grauman's Chinese Theatre (1927–73; 2001–13)
Location6925 Hollywood Boulevard
Hollywood, California, U.S.
Coordinates34°6′7″N 118°20′27.5″W / 34.10194°N 118.340972°WCoordinates: 34°6′7″N 118°20′27.5″W / 34.10194°N 118.340972°W
OwnerChinese Theatres, LLC
TypeIndoor movie theatre
Capacity932 (as of 2013)[1]
Construction
Broke groundJanuary 9, 1926
BuiltJanuary 16, 1926
OpenedMay 18, 1927
Renovated2001–04
2013 (Digital IMAX conversion)
2014 (70mm IMAX installation for Interstellar)
2015 (IMAX with Laser installation)
Website
www.tclchinesetheatres.com/
DesignatedJune 5, 1968
Reference no.55

History

After his success with the Egyptian Theatre, Sid Grauman turned to Charles E. Toberman to secure a long-term lease from Francis X. Bushman on property at 6925 Hollywood Blvd., the site of Bushman's mansion.[5] In appreciation, a plaque was installed on the front of the theater dedicating it to Bushman.[5]

Toberman contracted Meyer & Holler, designer of the Egyptian, to design a "palace-type theatre" of Chinese design. Grauman financed the theater's $2.1 million cost[5] and owned a one-third interest in the Chinese Theatre; his partners—Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks, and Howard Schenck—owned the remainder.[3] The principal architect was Raymond M. Kennedy of Meyer & Holler.

During construction, Grauman hired Jean Klossner to formulate an extremely hard concrete for the forecourt of the theater. Klossner later became known as "Mr. Footprint", performing the footprint ceremonies from 1927 through 1957.[6]

Many stories exist to explain the origins of the footprints. The theater's official account credits Norma Talmadge as having inspired the tradition when she accidentally stepped into the wet concrete.[7] However, in a short interview during the September 13, 1937, Lux Radio Theatre broadcast of a radio adaptation of A Star Is Born, Grauman related another version of how he got the idea to put hand and foot prints in the concrete. He said it was "pure accident. I walked right into it. While we were building the theatre, I accidentally happened to step in some soft concrete. And there it was. So, I went to Mary Pickford immediately. Mary put her foot into it."[8]:194

Still another account by Klossner recounts that Klossner autographed his work next to the right-hand poster kiosk and that Grauman and he developed the idea then and there.[9] His autograph and handprint, dated 1927, remain today. (Note: In 1949, Klossner's story changed to say that Grauman had accidentally stepped into the wet concrete.[10]) The theater's third founding partner, Douglas Fairbanks, was the second celebrity after Talmadge to be immortalized in the concrete.

In 1929, Grauman decided to retire and sell his share to William Fox's Fox Theatres chain. However, just a few months later, Howard Hughes convinced Grauman to return to the theater because he wanted Grauman to produce the world premiere of his aviation epic Hell's Angels, which would also feature one of Grauman's famous theatrical prologues before the film. Grauman remained as the theater's managing director for the entire run of Hell's Angels, retiring once again after its run finished. Unsatisfied with retirement, though, Grauman returned to the theater as managing director on Christmas Day 1931 and kept that position until his death in 1950.[5][8]:69

One of the highlights of the Chinese Theatre has always been its grandeur and décor. In 1952, John Tartaglia, the artist of nearby Saint Sophia Cathedral, became the head interior decorator of the Chinese Theatre, as well as the theater chain then owned by Fox West Coast Theatres. He later continued the work of Klossner, by recommendation of J. Walter Bantau, for the Hollywood footprint ceremonies. Tartaglia performed his first ceremony as a Master Mason for Jean Simmons in 1953, for the premiere of The Robe, the first premiere in Cinemascope. Although replacing Klossner was initially thought to be a temporary job for Tartaglia, his dedication resulted in a 35-year career in which he last performed as the master mason/concrete artist in honor of Eddie Murphy in May 1987. Tartaglia was formally recognized by the City of Los Angeles in October 2011.[11]

060807-001-ChineseTheater-INT
Interior of Chinese Theatre before refurbishment
Teatro Chino by Gustavo Gerdel
Chinese Theatre at night
Teatro Chino Techo by Gustavo Gerdel
Ceiling of Chinese Theatre
ChineseTheater
The theatre as seen from the street on an ordinary day

The Chinese Theatre was declared a historic and cultural landmark in 1968, and has undergone various restoration projects in the years since then. Ted Mann, owner of the Mann Theatres chain and husband of actress Rhonda Fleming, purchased it in 1973. From then until 2001, it was known as Mann's Chinese Theatre. Mann Theatres grew to become the largest independent chain in the country before Mann sold the business, including the Chinese Theatre, to Gulf & Western in 1986.[12][13] In 1988, Time Warner predecessor Warner Communications Inc. bought a 50% stake from Gulf & Western for $150 million.[14] The theater chain was eventually sold to WestStar Holdings in 1997.[15] In 2000, a partnership of Warner Bros. and Paramount Pictures acquired the theater, along with the other Mann Theatres properties.[16]

In 2000, Behr Browers Architects, a firm previously engaged by Mann Theatres, prepared a restoration and modernization program for the structure. The program included a seismic upgrade, new state-of-the-art sound and projection, new vending kiosks, and exterior signage, and the addition of a larger concession area under the balcony. The program began in 2002 and restored the original name—"Grauman's Chinese Theatre"—to the cinema palace. As part of the upgrade, Behr Browers also designed a new Chinese-themed six-plex in the attached Hollywood and Highland mall that continued to operate under the name Mann's Chinese 6 Theatre.[3][17]

In 2007, the CIM Group purchased the land on which the theater sits for an undisclosed price from the Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation of New York and Barlow Respiratory Hospital of Los Angeles. CIM Group also owns the Hollywood and Highland retail mall, as well as numerous other residential and commercial properties in Hollywood.[18] On May 27, 2011, Chinese Theatres LLC, a partnership owned by producer Elie Samaha and Donald Kushner, purchased both Grauman's Chinese Theatre and the adjacent Mann Chinese 6.[19]

The exterior of the theater is meant to resemble a giant red Chinese pagoda. The design features a Chinese dragon across the façade, with two authentic Ming Dynasty guardian lions guarding the main entrance and the silhouettes of tiny dragons along the sides of the copper roof. The idea was to give viewers a sense of China, of which most Americans knew very little about.[20] The freestanding ticket booth installed in the 1930s and the left and right neon marquees have been removed, restoring the theater to its original appearance. The auditorium has been completely restored, along with much of the exterior; however, wear and tear on the physical structure over the years has caused some of the external décor to be removed.

The Chinese Theatre hosted the 1944, 1945, and 1946 Academy Awards ceremonies; they are now held at the adjacent Dolby Theatre, formerly known as the Kodak Theatre.[21]

TCL Chinese Theatre continues to serve the public as a first-run movie theatre.

Features

The Chinese Theatre was the first commercial movie theater to have air conditioning. The vents are concealed behind the imported decorative pillars on the side walls of the auditorium.[5]

A concession stand was not in the theater's original plans because Grauman thought it would detract from the "theatrical experience". The theater began to sell concessions in the 1930s.[5]

Celebrities contributed to the theater's decor. Xavier Cugat painted the trees and foliage between the pillars on the side walls. Keye Luke painted the Chinese murals in the lobby.[5]

Handprints

Grauman's Myrna Loy
Many older entries contain personal messages to Sid Grauman, such as Myrna Loy's 1936 contribution. Loy's first job was as a dancer at the theatre in the 1920s.

Nearly 200 Hollywood celebrity handprints, footprints, and autographs are in the concrete of the theater's forecourt. Fairbanks and Pickford were the first, done on April 30, 1927.[22]

AnthonyQuinnFootPrint
Anthony Quinn footprints outside the Chinese Theatre

Variations of this honored tradition are imprints of the eyeglasses of Harold Lloyd, the cigar of Groucho Marx, the dreadlock of Whoopi Goldberg, the wands used by Harry Potter stars Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint and Emma Watson, the facial profile of John Barrymore (reflecting his nickname "The Great Profile"), and the legs of Betty Grable. Western stars William S. Hart and Roy Rogers left imprints of their guns. Herbie, a Volkswagen Beetle, left the imprints of his tires. The hoofprints of "Tony", the horse of Tom Mix, "Champion", the horse of Gene Autry, and "Trigger", the horse of Rogers, were left in the concrete beside the prints of the stars who rode them in the movies.[23][24]

Since 2011, a surge of concrete ceremonies has occurred, many of which have been paid for by movie studios for publicity reasons. One of the theater's current owners, Donald Kushner, acknowledged this and referred to them as mock ceremonies.[25] This influx has been a matter of concern for film buffs and historians, as well as misleading for fans. However, despite the increase of concrete blocks, the ones placed within the forecourt are still chosen by a special committee which selects celebrities based on their contributions to Hollywood cinema. Practice blocks, completed inside the theater before the ceremony, are placed on the walls of the Chinese 6 Theatre lobby, which is also used as an event space.

IMAX conversion

In April 2013, owners announced plans to convert the original theatre for IMAX. The new 94 ft × 46 ft (29 m × 14 m) silver screen is curved and can be masked for premieres and screening events of non-IMAX films. To accommodate better sightlines and a taller screen, seating was re-arranged in stepped rows, descending from street level to the floor of the former basement. The auditorium's decorative walls and ceiling remain unaltered, the existing curtain was extended, decorative lighting effects were added and TCL added digital signage. The theatre reopened on September 20, 2013, with the IMAX 3D version of The Wizard of Oz. Although it opened with only a digital projection system, a 70 mm projection system was added for Interstellar.[26]

In April 2015, the IMAX system was upgraded to use the new dual-4K IMAX with Laser projector system for the premiere of Furious 7.[27]

Re-creation

A full-scale recreation of the Chinese Theatre's exterior and lobby was built at Disney's Hollywood Studios theme park at the Walt Disney World Resort in Bay Lake, Florida. The building formerly housed a ride called The Great Movie Ride. It will be the future home of Mickey & Minnie's Runaway Railway.[28] It also has concrete handprints inside the sidewalks from the years 1988–1995.[29]

A sized-down recreation of the Chinese Theatre, both interior and exterior was built at Parque Warner Madrid theme park in San Martín de la Vega, near Madrid, Spain. The building shows films relevant to Warner Bros., previously The Lego Movie and Storks. During Halloween, horror films for guests over the age of 18 are shown such as Friday the 13th.[30]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "IMAX at the TCL Chinese Theatre". TCL Chinese Theatres. Retrieved 2014-02-04.
  2. ^ Verrier, Richard (January 11, 2013). "China firm buys naming rights to Grauman's Chinese Theatre". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-02-04.
  3. ^ a b c "Chinese Theatres – History". Mann Theatre. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2014-02-04.
  4. ^ "Today in History: Star Wars Premieres in 1977". Lomography.com. May 25, 2011. Retrieved 2014-02-04.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g King, Susan (May 11, 2017). "Celebrating 90 years of Hollywood history on the Chinese Theatre's anniversary". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
  6. ^ Spicer, Chrystopher J. (October 14, 2011). Clark Gable, in Pictures: Candid Images of the Actor’s Life. McFarland. p. 47. ISBN 9780786487141.
  7. ^ Davis, Laura E. (March 13, 2014). "Throwback Thursday: The story behind stars' handprints in Hollywood". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  8. ^ a b Endres, Stacey; Cushman, Robert (June 1, 2009). Hollywood at Your Feet: The Story of the World-Famous Chinese Theater. Pomegranate Press. ISBN 9780938817642.
  9. ^ Haver, Ronald (November 1971), Out of the Past: Mr. Grauman's Chinese Theater, First Los Angeles International Film Exposition, retrieved April 15, 2019
  10. ^ Kishi, Russell (September 18, 1988). "Chinese Theater: The Tourists Still Make Tracks to Hollywood Shrine". Los Angeles Times. United Press International. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  11. ^ "City of Los Angeles Resolutions, October 26, 2011" (PDF). Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  12. ^ "Ted Mann, 84, Who Owned Theater Where the Stars Preserve Their Prints". The New York Times. January 22, 2001. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  13. ^ "Company News; G.&W. Acquisition". The New York Times. October 18, 1986. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  14. ^ "Company News; Warner to Buy Theater Stake". The New York Times. February 20, 1987. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  15. ^ "'Chinese Theatre' owner agrees to aqcuisition by WestStar Holdings". AP News. November 25, 1997. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  16. ^ "Studio Partnership Buys Mann Theatres". Los Angeles Times. January 13, 2000. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  17. ^ "Grauman's Chinese Theatre". Behr Browers Architects. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  18. ^ Vincent, Roger (September 3, 2007). "Famed Chinese Theatre is sold". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-02-04.
  19. ^ Miller, Daniel (April 28, 2011). "Grauman's Chinese Theatre to Be Sold to Producers Elie Samaha, Don Kushner". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
  20. ^ Cornfield, Gregory (May 10, 2017). "90 years of Lights, Camera, Action!". Beverly Press. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  21. ^ "Academy Awards, USA". The Internet Movie Database. Retrieved April 17, 2007.
  22. ^ "Imprint Ceremonies Archive". TCL Chinese Theatres (in mdy-all). Retrieved 2019-04-15.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
  23. ^ Conradt, Stacy (April 29, 2011). "The Quick 10: 10 Interesting Prints at Grauman's Chinese Theater". Mental Floss. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  24. ^ Woerner, Meredith (May 18, 2017). "All the Hollywood secrets hidden in the handprints at the Chinese Theatre's Forecourt of the Stars". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  25. ^ Kaufman, Amy (2011-12-29). "Grauman's Chinese: Movie star prints' futures not set in cement". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 20 September 2012.
  26. ^ "Top of the World Famous Chinese Theatre". Socialbilitty. February 10, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2017.
  27. ^ "Imax premieres new laser system at TCL Chinese Theatre in Hollywood". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  28. ^ Lambert, Marjie (July 22, 2017). "4 new rides for Disney World: Ratatouille, Tron, Mickey Mouse, Guardians of the Galaxy". Miami Herald. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
  29. ^ "Our Hollywood Yard of Fame at Disney's Hollywood Studios". Disney Parks Blog. January 16, 2012. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
  30. ^ "Chinese Theater 3D". Parques Reunidos. May 9, 2015. Retrieved October 25, 2018.

External links

16th Academy Awards

The 16th Academy Awards, in 1944, was the first Oscar ceremony held at a large public venue, Grauman's Chinese Theatre. Free passes were given out to men and women in uniform. Originating on KFWB, the complete ceremony was internationally broadcast by CBS Radio via shortwave. Jack Benny served as master of ceremonies for the event, which lasted fewer than 30 minutes.The Tom and Jerry cartoon series won its first Oscar this year for The Yankee Doodle Mouse after two failed nominations in a row. It would go on to win another six Oscars, including three in a row for the next three years, and gained a total of 13 nominations.

For the first time, supporting actors and actresses took home full-size statuettes, instead of smaller-sized awards mounted on a plaque.For Whom the Bell Tolls was the third film to receive nominations in all four acting categories.

This was the last year until 2009 to have 10 nominations for Best Picture; The Ox-Bow Incident is, as of 2018, the last film to be nominated solely in that category.

Ali MacGraw

Elizabeth Alice "Ali" MacGraw (born April 1, 1939) is an American actress, model, author, and animal rights activist. She first gained attention with her role in the 1969 film Goodbye, Columbus, for which she won the Golden Globe Award for Most Promising Newcomer. She reached international fame in the 1970 film Love Story, for which she was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress and won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama. In 1972, MacGraw was voted the top female box office star in the world and was honored with a hands and footprints ceremony at Grauman's Chinese Theatre after having been in just three films. She went on to star in the popular action films The Getaway (1972) and Convoy (1978) as well as the romantic sports drama Players (1979), the comedy Just Tell Me What You Want (1980), and the historical novel-based television miniseries The Winds of War (1983). In 1991, she published an autobiography, Moving Pictures.

Disneyland Dream

Disneyland Dream (1956) is a home movie made by Robbins and Meg Barstow that documents their family's free trip to the newly opened Disneyland. The one-week trip was a prize they won in a contest sponsored by Scotch tape. The movie was shot with a 16 mm handheld camera. It lasts approximately 30 minutes. An audio track was added to the film in 1995.The Barstows lived in Wethersfield, Connecticut. They flew to California with TWA and stayed at The Huntington Sheraton hotel in Pasadena. They visited other Southern California locations, including Knott's Berry Farm, Hollywood, Grauman's Chinese Theatre, Beverly Hills, Universal Studios, Will Rogers' home and Catalina Island on their July 1956 trip.

Comedian Steve Martin who worked at Disneyland as a child, appears at 20:20 into the film, briefly selling programs as he walks left to right in the lower right part of the frame, dressed in top hat, dark vest, and a pink striped shirt.

Dolby Theatre

The Dolby Theatre (formerly known as the Kodak Theatre) is a live-performance auditorium in the Hollywood and Highland Center shopping mall and entertainment complex, on Hollywood Boulevard and Highland Avenue, in the Hollywood district of Los Angeles. Since its opening on November 9, 2001, the theater has been the venue of the annual Academy Awards ceremony. It is adjacent to the Grauman's Chinese Theatre and the El Capitan Theatre nearby on Hollywood Boulevard.

First Night 2013 with Jamie Kennedy

First Night 2013 with Jamie Kennedy is a New Year's Eve television special that was hosted by comedian and television producer Jamie Kennedy. Broadcast live on December 31, 2012 from outside Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Hollywood, California, the special included comedy sketches, interviews with celebrities and others in attendance, and live musical performances by Macy Gray and Bone Thugs-n-Harmony. The special was aired locally on the Orange County-based independent station KDOC-TV, and was also broadcast by the Sacramento MyNetworkTV affiliate KQCA.After its broadcast, First Night became infamous for its low quality, as exhibited in a montage of scenes from the special that went viral after being discovered by comedian Patton Oswalt. The special suffered from a large number of technical problems (including microphone gaffes and communication issues), featured scenes described as being "surreal", and spontaneously ended with an impromptu fight breaking out on stage over the credits.

Based on the montage, several media outlets declared First Night to be the "worst New Year's Eve special ever". Kennedy defended the special in an interview with The New York Times, by claiming that First Night was an "anti-New Year's Eve show" which was intentionally unrehearsed and unpredictable. The A.V. Club's Nathan Rabin would praise the special for meeting Kennedy's stated goal.

Hollywood Boulevard (1936 film)

Hollywood Boulevard (1936) is a comedy film directed by Robert Florey and released by Paramount Pictures.

Hollywood and Highland Center

The Hollywood & Highland Center is a shopping mall and entertainment complex at Hollywood Boulevard and Highland Avenue in the Hollywood district in Los Angeles. The 387,000-square-foot (36,000 m2) center also includes TCL Chinese Theatre (formerly Grauman's Chinese Theatre, and Mann's Chinese Theatre) and the Dolby Theatre (formerly known as the Kodak Theatre), home to the Academy Awards. The historic site was once the home of the famed Hollywood Hotel. Located in the heart of Hollywood, along the Hollywood Walk of Fame, it is among the most visited tourist destinations in Los Angeles.

The complex sits just across Hollywood Blvd. from the El Capitan Theatre and offers views of the Hollywood Hills and Hollywood Sign to the north, Santa Monica Mountains to the west and downtown Los Angeles to the east. The centerpiece of the complex is a massive three-story courtyard inspired by the Babylon scene from the D.W. Griffith film Intolerance. The developer of the shopping center built part of the archway and two pillars with elephant sculptures on the capitals, just as seen in the film, to the same full scale. It gives visitors an idea of how large the original set must have been.The center has over 70 shops and 25 restaurants. Major retail tenants that face Hollywood Boulevard include American Eagle Outfitters, Forever 21, and Sephora. The complex also houses a Lucky Strike Lanes bowling alley, a six-plex movie theater, and a nightclub.

Hollywood & Highland also houses 65,000 square feet (6,000 m2) of gathering spaces including the Grand Ballroom, used for the Oscars Governors Ball. Celebrity chef Wolfgang Puck operates his regional headquarters out of the complex. The center also includes television broadcast facilities that in 2004 included the studios for the daily talk show On Air With Ryan Seacrest. Currently, the studio is home to Revolt TV.

The 637-room Loews Hollywood Hotel is also part of the site. The Metro Red Line's subway station of the same name is beneath the structure. Also, Metro Local lines 212, 217, 222, 237, 656 and Metro Rapid 780 serve Hollywood & Highland.

List of Grauman's Chinese Theatre handprint ceremonies

This is a list of handprint ceremonies for the Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Hollywood, California (originally "Grauman's Chinese Theatre"). Footprints and signatures are also included, and in some cases imprints of other objects:

Sonja Henie imprinted her ice skates

John Barrymore imprinted the side of his face, a nod to his nickname "The Great Profile"

Jim Carrey had his daughter use her thumb to put three periods at the end of his sentence "Merrily merrily merrily"

Roy Rogers, in addition to having his horse Trigger's hoofprints in his square, imprinted his revolver

Mel Brooks wore a prosthetic sixth finger

Eleanor Powell imprinted a pair of her taps.

Herbie the Love Bug left an impression of its tires.

Los Angeles Italia Film Festival

The Los Angeles Italia Film Festival or Los Angeles-Italia Film Fashion and Art Fest is an Italian film festival held in Grauman's Chinese Theatre, Hollywood, California. The festival honors the best of Italian and Italian-American culture every year through premieres, performances and exhibitions, during the pre-Oscar week. All of its events are open to the public free of charge. It is sponsored by the Italian Culture Ministry and Intesa San Paolo Bank.

Los Angeles Latino International Film Festival

The Los Angeles Latino International Film Festival includes feature films, documentaries, and short films from the Spanish and Portuguese diaspora. The six-day festival was established in 1997. The festival was founded by Marlene Dermer (a native of Peru) and Edward James Olmos.The 13th year of the festival in 2009 included 75 films such as a screening of Spanish director's Pedro Almodóvar's Broken Embraces at Grauman's Chinese Theatre. Almodóvar received the festival's Gabi lifetime Achievement Award. Other films screened at the 2009 even included Josh Crook's La Soga from Santiago in the Dominican Republic, Down for Life about a Latino gang leader in Los Angeles, Santos by Nicholas Lopez Salvador, Sebastian Gutierrez's Women in Trouble from Venezuela and the documentary La Vida Lova about gang war in El Salvador (where the movie's French director Christian Poveda was murdered). The festival is also trying to expand opportunities for young filmmakers. Short films play a substantial role at the festival, allowing lower cost entries to take part.The academy's film archive houses the Los Angeles Latino International Film Festival Collection.

Mann Theatres

Mann Theatres was a movie theater chain that predominantly operated in the western United States, with a heavy concentration of theaters in Southern California.

Its motto was "Where Hollywood goes to the movies".

Museum of Neon Art

The Museum of Neon Art (MONA) is an institution that exists to encourage learning and curiosity through the preservation, collection, and interpretation of neon art. The first museum devoted to art that incorporates neon lighting, it exclusively exhibits art in electric media, including kinetic art and outstanding examples of historic neon signs. Its location in downtown LA closed in 2011 and reopened in Glendale, California in 2016. The collection includes neon signs from the Brown Derby and Grauman's Chinese Theatre.The museum was founded in 1981 by Lili Lakich and Richard Jenkins.In addition to exhibitions and tours, the museum offers introductory classes in glass bending held in the museum's state-of-the-art studio.

Nate Barlow

Nate Barlow (born Nathanael Jackson Barlow on July 6, 1975) is an American film director, actor, screenwriter and producer. Born in Middletown, Connecticut, to two musicians and teaching parents, he spent two years as a child in Tanzania, where he attended the International School Moshi. He graduated with a Bachelor of Science in Electrical & Computer Engineering from Carnegie Mellon University in 1996, after which he worked as a designer engineer for Symbol Technologies on Long Island before moving to Los Angeles to pursue his filmmaking career.Barlow wrote the Meghan Markle-starrer Random Encounters, a romantic-comedy directed by Boris Undorf and initially distributed by Gravitas Ventures. Random Encounters is being rereleased in the UK under a new title, A Random Encounter, on May 7, 2018. Barlow also co-directed, co-wrote and co-starred in Tales from Beyond, an anthology feature film starring Adam West that won Best Picture Awards at the 2004 ShockerFest International Film Festival and 2004 Shriekfest Film Festivals before being distributed by Anthem Pictures.

Prior to Tales From Beyond, he directed the interview-based documentary short Film Trix 2002 and produced the narrative feature film Hollywood, Pennsylvania, which had a live making-of documentary broadcast from the set onto the World Wide Web.Barlow's acting work includes L.A. Twister, the lowest-budgeted film ever to premiere at Grauman's Chinese Theatre, and Chance, the directorial debut of Amber Benson, as well as commercials.

Barlow currently lives in Los Angeles.

Paramount Theatre (Los Angeles)

The Paramount Theatre in Los Angeles was a movie palace opened in January 1923 as Grauman's Metropolitan Theatre. It was built by impresario Sid Grauman, who had already built the Million Dollar Theatre a few blocks away, but who is best remembered today for his two Hollywood movie palaces, Grauman's Chinese Theatre and Grauman's Egyptian Theatre.

It was also home to variety acts. In 1941, Fats Waller, Rochester and Kitty Murray were all on the bill together. The theater became famous as the birthplace of "All That Meat and No Potatoes" - a Waller onstage wisecrack about the "brick house" physique of singer-dancer Murray.The largest movie theater ever built in Los Angeles, the Metropolitan was acquired by the exhibition arm of Paramount Pictures in 1929 and renamed. The building had been designed by architect William Woolett, and the massive six floor commercial and office block in which it was encased was a major landmark across from Pershing Square for several decades. Paramount operated the venue through the 1950s. It was closed in 1960 and demolished the following year to make way for a high rise office building which was never built. After the site served as a parking lot for many years, a building from the wholesale jewelry trade was erected on there in the late 1970s, and remains today.

The theater was located at 6th and Hill Streets, one block west of Broadway, where most of the city's major theaters were then located. After the Metropolitan opened, Grauman decided to build an entrance on Broadway, and constructed a building with a grand stairway up to a long hall which entered the theater on the mezzanine level, crossing a bridge over an alley to reach it. This entrance was closed by the Paramount company and the Broadway space rented out for retail use. When the theater was demolished, this annex survived and is today the only part of the theater that remains.

Premiere

A premiere or première is the debut (first public presentation) of a play, film, dance, or musical composition.A work will often have many premières: a world première (the first time it is shown anywhere in the world) and its first presentation in each country. When a work originates in a country that speaks a different language from that in which it is receiving its national or international première, it is possible to have two premières for the same work in the same country—for example, the play The Maids by the French dramatist Jean Genet received its British première (which also happened to be its world première) in 1952, in a production given in the French language. Four years later, it was staged again, this time in English, which was its English-language première in Britain.

Samuel L. Jackson filmography

Samuel L. Jackson is an American actor director and film producer. In 2009, the collective total of all box-office receipts for films that Jackson has starred in (including minor roles and cameos) is the highest of any on-screen actor. As of December 2015, Jackson appeared in over one hundred films with a worldwide box-office gross of approximately $16 billion to date. Jackson's film career started in 1972 with a role in the film Together for Days. Over the next nineteen years he was cast in multiple films as minor characters up until his breakthrough role as Gator, a crack addict, in the 1991 Spike Lee film Jungle Fever, for which Jackson won a special jury prize for best supporting actor at the Cannes International Film Festival.Later, Jackson was cast in starring roles in Amos & Andrew, Pulp Fiction, The Great White Hype, A Time to Kill and The Negotiator. In 1999, Jackson started playing the recurring character Mace Windu in both the Star Wars prequel trilogy and in the animated film Star Wars: The Clone Wars In 2000, he had been cast as the lead in the remake of Shaft, S.W.A.T., Coach Carter, Snakes on a Plane and Lakeview Terrace, among other films. Jackson played Marvel Comics character Nick Fury in the films Iron Man, Iron Man 2, Thor, Captain America: The First Avenger, The Avengers, Captain America: The Winter Soldier, Avengers: Age of Ultron, Avengers: Infinity War and Captain Marvel, of his nine-film commitment as the character for Marvel Studios.

For his role in Pulp Fiction, Jackson won a British Academy of Film and Television Arts award for Best Supporting Actor and was nominated for an Academy Award and a Golden Globe Award. In 1994, he was also nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor in a miniseries for Against the Wall. Jackson also received Golden Globe nominations in 1996 for A Time to Kill and in 1997 for Jackie Brown. In 2000, Jackson was given a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, and in 2006 put his hand and footprints outside Grauman's Chinese Theatre.

Shorts (2009 film)

Shorts (also known as Shorts: The Adventures of the Wishing Rock and released internationally as The Wishing Rock) is a 2009 Emirati-American comic fantasy family film written and directed by Robert Rodriguez. The film stars Jon Cryer, William H. Macy, Leslie Mann, James Spader, Jimmy Bennett and Kat Dennings.

Shorts: The Adventures of the Wishing Rock made its world premiere screening on August 15, 2009 at the Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Hollywood, California. Shortly after that, the movie was theatrically released in the United States on August 21, 2009 by Warner Bros. Pictures. The film grossed $29 million on a $20 million budget. It received a Young Artist Award nomination for Best Performance in a Feature Film. Shorts: The Adventures of the Wishing Rock was released on DVD and Blu-ray on 24 November 2009 by Warner Home Video. An Xbox video game of the same name was announced on 23 June 2009 with a prospective July release date in advance of the film's release, but was canceled.

StarWalk

The StarWalk in Nashville, Tennessee was an outdoor display of cement plaques honoring country music artists who had won Grammy Awards. Honorees left handprints and other personal markings along with written messages in the cement in the manner of Grauman's Chinese Theatre. At its opening, it was touted as "the country music equivalent to the Hollywood Walk of Fame".

Wayne Lum

Wayne Lum (1943–2006) was a 3-D sculptor and commercial artist. He was born in 1943 in Toronto, Ontario to first generation Chinese-Canadian grocers, Lum studied art at the Ontario College of Art and Design. He first has worked for CIII-TV and CITY-TV as an arts director, but his success was in commercial 3-D art.

His work at Toronto-based Feature Factory has graced many building in the Greater Toronto Area and beyond:

3-D "Movie" signage and sculptors for 48 Famous Players Theatres (Silver City and Starite) in Canada

Ming warrior tickey machines - Grauman's Chinese Theatre - Hollywood, California

alien ticket machines - Colossus-IMAX Theatres - Vaughan, Ontario

Fountain of Stallions sculptor - shopping centre in Dubai

props for Stratford Festival - Stratford, Ontario

props for St. Lawrence Centre for the Arts - Toronto, Ontario

props for Canadian Opera Company - Toronto, Ontario

buddha for TV movie Bethune; now at a buddhist temple in Minden, Ontario

prototype horse - Black Stallion TV series

graphics arts for Disney movie Strawberry Cat

dragon sculptor at Pacific Mall - Markham, Ontario

sculptors for the Canadian National Exhibition - Toronto, OntarioUnmarried, Lum died on March 6, 2006 due to complications from meningitis.

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