Grattoir de côté

A Grattoir de côté (translates from French as Side Scraper) is an archaeological term for a ridged variety of steep-scrapers distinguished by a working edge on one side. They were found at various archaeological sites in Lebanon including Ain Cheikh and Jdeideh II and are suggested to date to Upper Paleolithic stages three or four (Antelian).[1]

Grattoir de côté. A carinated steep-scraper with a racloir on one of the sides. Found at Jdeideh II, Lebanon. Brown Cretaceous flint


  1. ^ Lorraine Copeland; P. Wescombe (1965). Inventory of Stone-Age sites in Lebanon, p. 49 & Figure X, 7, p. 156. Imprimerie Catholique. Retrieved 21 July 2011.
Bustan Birke

Bustan Birke or Boustan el Birke is a Heavy Neolithic archaeological site of the Qaraoun culture that is located 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) southeast of Kefraya, Lebanon.The site was found in a vineyard by Lorraine Copeland and Frank Skeels in 1966. Heavy Neolithic materials recovered resembled those from Kefraya with an increased proportion of lighter tools. Large flakes, picks, large scrapers and choppers made on discoid cores were found, most frequently in chert-like flint or silicious grey limestone. Other forms found included a grattoir de côté and a nose-scraper typical of the Upper Paleolithic.Another tell was found to the northwest of the site, opposing the road to the village but had been destroyed by the building of a villa so that only Roman material could be found among the debris.


For similarly named places, please see Jdeideh (disambiguation).Jdeideh (Arabic: جديدة المتن‎ translit. al-Judaydat), also Jdayde, Jdaideh and Jdeidet el-Matn, is a coastal municipality and the administrative capital of the Matn District in the Mount Lebanon Governorate.

Jdeideh has an area of approximately 6 km². It is located in the northern suburbs of Beirut city that comprise Greater Beirut. The municipality is formed of three villages of Jdeidet el-Matn, Bauchrieh and Sed el Bauchrieh, with a population of nearly 160,000 inhabitants.Jdeideh is an important industrial zone and a significant location for commercial and banking activity.

Obi-Rakhmat Grotto

The Obi-Rakhmat Grotto is a Middle Paleolithic prehistoric site that yielded Neanderthal fossils. It is a shallow karst cave near the junction of the Chatkal and Pskem Rivers at the southwestern end of the Talassky Alatau Range in the Tien Shan Mountains, 100 km (62 mi) northeast of Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

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