Grand Slam Single

The Grand Slam Single is the hit that ended Game 5 of the 1999 National League Championship Series between the New York Mets and one of their rivals, the Atlanta Braves. The game was played on October 17, 1999 at Shea Stadium.

The play

The game was tied 2–2, going into the top of the 15th inning, until Mets pitcher Octavio Dotel gave up an RBI triple to Keith Lockhart, giving the Braves a 3–2 lead. In the bottom of the 15th inning, the Mets loaded the bases against Braves relief pitcher Kevin McGlinchy. Mets catcher Todd Pratt drew a bases loaded walk, tying the score 3–3.

The next batter was Mets third baseman Robin Ventura. Ventura crushed the 2–1 pitch over the wall in right-center for an ostensible grand slam, winning the game for the Mets and driving the Mets players and fans into a frenzied celebration. Ventura, however, never reached second base as Todd Pratt, the runner who was on first, picked up Ventura in celebration. Subsequently, Ventura was mobbed by his teammates, never finishing his trot around the bases. Because he failed to touch all four bases, the hit was officially scored a single. Roger Cedeño, the runner on third at the time, was ruled the only runner to have crossed home plate before the on-field celebration began and the Mets were awarded a 4–3 victory. Thus, Ventura was only credited with a single and one RBI.

A drive to right....back to Georgia! Gone, a grand slam!

— Bob Costas on the call for NBC.[1]

Robin Ventura...the Mets win... 4-3! There will be a Game 6!

— Gary Thorne on the call for MLB International.[2]

A 2-1 pitch... A drive in the air of deep right field, that ball headed to the wall...! That ball is out of here, out of here! A game winning grand slam home run off the bat of Robin Ventura, Ventura with a grand slam! They're mobbing him before he can get to second base! The Mets have won the ball game! Ventura hit it over the right-center fence. A game winning grand slam home run!

— Gary Cohen on the call on WFAN.[3]

Defining the "single"

Sports books in Las Vegas were put into an unusual situation with the "single". If Ventura had completed his trip around the bases, the final score would have been 7–3, in which case the game would have gone "over" the over/under line, which was 7​12. Instead, the final score of 4–3 actually put the game "under", meaning that many bettors who would have received payouts (if the hit was ruled a home run) did not.[4]

The play remains as one of the most memorable moments in Mets postseason history. Orel Hershiser, who played on the 1999 Mets remarked, "It will be right up there with Kirk Gibson's home run (Hershiser was a teammate of Gibson with the Los Angeles Dodgers during their championship season of 1988), Carlton Fisk, Bucky Dent. This one will be on that tape with them."[5] The Mets went on to lose the series to the Braves.

Other instances of "grand slam singles"

According to Baseball-Reference.com, there have been at least two other instances of "grand slam singles". Both occurred when a batter hit a grand slam but subsequently passed the runner ahead of him on the base paths, which according to the rules of Major League Baseball causes the runner who passes his teammate to be called out. This happened on July 9, 1970, when Dalton Jones of the Detroit Tigers passed teammate Don Wert in a game against the Boston Red Sox, leaving him with a 3-RBI single.

It also occurred on July 4, 1976, when Tim McCarver of the Philadelphia Phillies passed teammate Garry Maddox during a 10–5 win in the first game of a doubleheader against the Pittsburgh Pirates, leaving him with a 3-RBI single. In both cases, the other three runs still counted because only the player who passes his teammate is called out. The three baserunners are able to score.[6] Both of these hits took place with fewer than two outs.

Prior to 1920, if a batter hit a walk off home run, he would receive credit for advancing only as many bases as necessary for the winning run to score. Therefore, a walk-off grand slam in a tie game would have officially been scored as a single, and only one run would count. A review in the 1960s found 37 walk-off hits that would have been considered home runs under today's rules, but were instead ruled singles, doubles, or triples under the rules of the time. In April 1968, a committee voted to retroactively change these to home runs, but reversed their ruling a week later following public outrage about the decision extending Babe Ruth's then-record to 715 home runs. It is unclear how many, if any, of these hits were singles that would have been grand slams under modern rules.[7]

Legacy

Had Ventura completed his trip around the bases, it would have been the first walk-off grand slam in MLB postseason history. That honor eventually went to Nelson Cruz, whose 11th inning bases-loaded home run won Game 2 of the 2011 ALCS for the Texas Rangers over the Detroit Tigers.[8]

References

  1. ^ 1999 NLCS Gm5: Robin Ventura's grand-slam single on YouTube
  2. ^ 1999 NLCS, Gm 5: Robin Ventura's grand slam single on YouTube
  3. ^ Gary Cohen Best Calls on YouTube
  4. ^ Kevin Iole (October 19, 1999). "Ruling not a big hit with some bettors". Las Vegas Review-Journal.
  5. ^ "1999 NLCS : Game 5". MLB.com. October 17, 1999. Retrieved 2010-08-10.
  6. ^ "Grand Slam Single". Baseball-reference.com. Retrieved August 22, 2010.
  7. ^ Did Babe Ruth Hit 715 Homers? MLB.com
  8. ^ "Postseason Batting Event Finder: 1903 to 2017, All Teams, Home Runs, Walk-off With Runners on 123". Baseball Reference. Retrieved July 1, 2018.

Further reading

See also

  • Grand slam (disambiguation)
1921 U.S. National Championships – Men's Singles

Bill Tilden defeated Wallace Johnson 6–1, 6–3, 6–1 in the final to win the Men's Singles tennis title at the 1921 U.S. National Championships. It was Tilden's second U.S. Championships title and his fourth Grand Slam title overall. Tilden became the first male tennis player to win four consecutive Grand Slam single events.

1999 New York Mets season

The New York Mets' 1999 season was the 38th regular season for the Mets. They went 97-66 and finished 2nd in the NL East but won the NL Wild Card by beating the Cincinnati Reds in a one game playoff. The Mets advanced to the National League Championship Series, where they were defeated by the Atlanta Braves in 6 games.

The Mets were managed by Bobby Valentine, who entered his fourth year as skipper. They played home games at Shea Stadium.

ARIA Music Awards of 1999

The 13th Australian Recording Industry Association Music Awards (generally known as the ARIA Music Awards or simply The ARIAS) was held on 12 October 1999 at the Sydney Entertainment Centre. Hosted by Paul McDermott and Bob Downe, and presenters, including Mel C of the Spice Girls, Tina Cousins, Fiona Horne and former Countdown host Ian "Molly" Meldrum, distributed 28 awards with the big winner for the year being Powderfinger with four awards.Three new categories, "Best Rock Album", "Best Original Cast / Show Recording" and "Best Blues & Roots Album" were created; while "Song of the Year", "Best Indigenous Release" and "Best New Talent" categories were retired. In addition to the annually presented awards, a "Special Achievement Award" was received by recording studio owner Bill Armstrong and Fable Record's creator Ron Tudor; and an "Outstanding Achievement Award" was received by Natalie Imbruglia. The ARIA Hall of Fame inducted: Jimmy Little and Richard Clapton.

Alex Bolt

Alex Bolt (born 5 January 1993) is a professional Australian tennis player whose career-high ranking is World No. 129 in singles and World No. 93 in doubles by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP). Highlights of Bolt's career thus far include quarterfinal appearance at the 2014 Australian Open men's doubles, and also winning the China International Challenger with his partner Andrew Whittington.

Balearic Islands

The Balearic Islands (UK: , US: ; Catalan: Illes Balears, pronounced [ˈiʎəz bələˈas]; Spanish: Islas Baleares, pronounced [ˈizlaz βaleˈaɾes]) are an archipelago of Spain in the western Mediterranean Sea, near the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula.

The four largest islands are Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza, and Formentera. Many minor islands and islets are close to the larger islands, including Cabrera, Dragonera, and S'Espalmador. The islands have a Mediterranean climate, and the four major islands are all popular tourist destinations. Ibiza, in particular, is known as an international party destination, attracting many of the world's most popular DJs to its nightclubs. The islands' culture and cuisine are similar to those of the rest of Spain but have their own distinctive features.

The archipelago forms an autonomous community and a province of Spain, with Palma de Mallorca as the capital. The 2007 Statute of Autonomy declares the Balearic Islands as one nationality of Spain. The co-official languages in the Balearic Islands are Catalan and Spanish.

Billie Jean King

Billie Jean King (née Moffitt; born November 22, 1943) is an American former World No. 1 professional tennis player. King won 39 Grand Slam titles: 12 in singles, 16 in women's doubles, and 11 in mixed doubles. She won the singles title at the inaugural WTA Tour Championships. She often represented the United States in the Federation Cup and the Wightman Cup. She was a member of the victorious United States team in seven Federation Cups and nine Wightman Cups. For three years, she was the United States' captain in the Federation Cup.

King is an advocate for gender equality and has long been a pioneer for equality and social justice. In 1973, at age 29, she won the "Battle of the Sexes" tennis match against the 55-year-old Bobby Riggs. She was also the founder of the Women's Tennis Association and the Women's Sports Foundation. She was also instrumental in persuading cigarette brand Virginia Slims to sponsor women's tennis in the 1970s and went on to serve on the board of their parent company Philip Morris in the 2000s.

King was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1987 while the Fed Cup Award of Excellence was bestowed on her in 2010. In 1972, she was the joint winner, with John Wooden, of the Sports Illustrated Sportsman of the Year award and was one of the Time Persons of the Year in 1975. She has also received the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Sunday Times Sportswoman of the Year lifetime achievement award. She was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame in 1990, and in 2006, the USTA National Tennis Center in New York City was renamed the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center. In 2018, she won the BBC Sports Personality of the Year Lifetime Achievement Award.

Braves–Mets rivalry

The Braves–Mets rivalry is a rivalry between the Atlanta Braves and New York Mets. Both clubs are members of Major League Baseball's National League (NL) East division. The rivalry between the two clubs was particularly fierce during the late 1990s and early 2000s.

Ellen Perez

Ellen Perez (born 10 October 1995) is an Australian tennis player.

She has won one doubles title on the WTA Tour as well as two singles and 16 doubles titles on the ITF Women's Circuit. Her career-high rankings in singles and doubles are 162 and 74 respectively, achieved in August and June 2019.

Perez made her Grand Slam main-draw debut at the 2016 Australian Open, in doubles with Belinda Woolcock; they lost in the first round to Jessica Moore and Storm Sanders. She made her first singles Grand Slam appearance at the 2016 US Open, after winning the Australian Wildcard Playoff.

She attended the University of Georgia in the U.S. from 2014–2017.

Gary Cohen

Gary Cohen (born April 29, 1958) is an American sportscaster, best known as a radio and television play-by-play announcer for the New York Mets of Major League Baseball.

Cohen currently calls Mets broadcasts for SportsNet New York and WPIX and Seton Hall basketball games on WNYM. He is known for his baritone voice and his signature calls, most notably "It’s outta here!" for when a player hits a home run

Grand slam (baseball)

In baseball, a grand slam is a home run hit with all three bases occupied by baserunners ("bases loaded"), thereby scoring four runs—the most possible in one play. According to The Dickson Baseball Dictionary, the term originated in the card game of contract bridge, in which a grand slam involves taking all the possible tricks. The word slam, by itself, usually is connected with a loud sound, particularly of a door being closed with excess force; thus, slamming the door on one's opponent(s), in addition to the bat slamming the ball into a home run.

Jelena Genčić

Jelena Genčić (Serbian Cyrillic: Јелена Генчић, pronounced [jělena ɡěntʃitɕ]; 9 October 1936 – 1 June 2013) was a Serbian tennis and handball player and coach.

In the 1970s she became a junior tennis coach and was later credited for playing a major role in the early development of numerous top class professional players and future grand slam champions. Among the players she discovered and coached are Monica Seles, Novak Djokovic, Goran Ivanišević, Mima Jaušovec, Iva Majoli, and Tatjana Ječmenica. Genčić-coached players went on to collect 28 Grand Slam single titles: Djokovic 16, Seles 9, Ivanišević 1, Jaušovec 1, and Majoli 1.

Keith Lockhart (baseball)

Keith Virgil Lockhart (born November 10, 1964 in Whittier, California) is a retired second baseman and third baseman who played for 10 seasons in Major League Baseball from 1994-2003.

Lockhart, a left-handed batter, played college baseball at Oral Roberts University and was originally drafted by Cincinnati Reds in the 11th round of the 1986 Amateur Draft. He spent 8 full seasons in the minor league systems of three different organizations before earning a spot on the San Diego Padres' opening day roster in 1994. He played in 27 games with the Padres in his first year before leaving as a free agent and signing with the Kansas City Royals during the 1994 season.

Lockhart played for the Royals in both 1995 and 1996. In his first season, he batted a career best .321, earning him a role as a platoon player in 1996. Sharing time at second base with Bip Roberts and at third base with Joe Randa and Craig Paquette, Lockhart hit .273 and drove in 55 runs.

Shortly before the start of the 1997 season, Lockhart and outfielder Michael Tucker were traded to the Atlanta Braves for outfielder Jermaine Dye, and Rule V selection Jamie Walker.

Lockhart stayed in Atlanta for 6 seasons, from 1997 to 2002. He primarily served as a reserve second baseman and also served as a pinch hitter, contributing 59 pinch hits as a Brave. He served as a platoon player on two occasions with the Braves; in 1998 (a year which saw the Braves win a team-record 106 games), Lockhart platooned with Tony Graffanino, while in 2002, he platooned with Mark DeRosa following an injury to Marcus Giles.

He came close to being the hero of the Braves' epic struggle with the New York Mets in Game 5 of the 1999 NLCS. Lockhart, who came into the game as a replacement after Bret Boone was pinch-run for, hit an RBI triple in the 15th inning to give the Braves a 3–2 lead. The lead was squandered in the bottom of the inning, however, after a bases loaded walk tied the game; Robin Ventura's famed Grand Slam Single would later win it for the Mets.

In 2003, he returned to San Diego for what would be his last major league season and served as the backup to Mark Loretta. He retired at season's end with a .261 career batting average, 44 career home runs, and 268 runs batted in.

Lockhart was the final out of the 1999 World Series. He flied out to left field.

In 2011, his son Danny became a 10th round draft pick for the Cubs and has signed with their farm team.

Kevin McGlinchy

Kevin Michael McGlinchy (June 28, 1977) is a former professional baseball player who pitched in the Major League Baseball from 1999-2000 with the Atlanta Braves. In the 1999 National League Championship Series, he gave up the famous Grand Slam Single to Robin Ventura in game 5, but the Braves won the next game to take the series.

Open Era tennis records – women's singles

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Active streaks and active players are in boldface.

Pittsburgh sports lore

In Pittsburgh sports lore history, many extraordinary events have contributed to the city's sports franchises winning — and almost winning — titles. Other events in the city's sports history have been iconic for other reasons.

Robin Ventura

Robin Mark Ventura (born July 14, 1967) is an American former professional baseball third baseman and manager. Ventura played 16 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Chicago White Sox, New York Mets, New York Yankees and Los Angeles Dodgers. He was also the manager for the White Sox for five seasons. The White Sox selected Ventura with the tenth overall pick in the 1988 amateur draft from Oklahoma State University (OSU). He is a six-time Rawlings Gold Glove winner, two-time MLB All-Star selection and a National College Baseball Hall of Fame inductee.

While playing college baseball for the Cowboys at OSU, Ventura was a three-time All-American who authored a Division I-record 58-game hitting streak. In 1988, he won the Dick Howser Trophy and Golden Spikes Award and played for the gold medal-winning Olympic baseball team. In his MLB career, he hit 18 grand slams, ranking fifth all-time. In Game 5 of the 1999 National League Championship Series, Ventura hit the "Grand Slam Single" that won the game but did not actually become a home run because he was unable to complete the circuit around the base paths. Later in his playing career, cartilage and arthritis issues in his ankle hampered his abilities in the field. After the 2011 season, the White Sox hired him to be their manager, making him the 17th former White Sox player to manage the club.

Tim McCarver

James Timothy McCarver (born October 16, 1941) is an American sportscaster and former professional baseball catcher.

McCarver played for the St. Louis Cardinals, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos, and Boston Red Sox between 1959 and 1980. He appeared in the MLB All-Star Game in 1966 and 1967, and was the starting catcher for the World Series champion St. Louis Cardinals in 1964 and 1967.

After his playing career ended, McCarver began a career as a broadcaster, most notably for Fox Sports. McCarver called a then-record 23 World Series and 20 All-Star Games. He was the recipient of the 2012 Ford C. Frick Award for broadcasting.

Çağla Büyükakçay

Çağla Büyükakçay (Turkish pronunciation: [ˈtʃajla byjyˈkaktʃaj]; born 28 September 1989) is a Turkish professional tennis player.

She has won nine singles and 14 doubles titles on the ITF Women's Circuit. In September 2016, she reached her best singles ranking of world No. 60. She won her first title on the WTA Tour at her home tournament in Istanbul. On 29 February 2016, she peaked at world No. 111 in the doubles rankings.

Playing for Turkey at the Fed Cup, Büyükakçay has a win-loss record of 39–30.. She is also the top-ranked tennis player at Istanbul's multi-sports club Enkaspor. Büyükakçay was the first tennis player to represent Turkey at the Olympic Games. She competed at the 2016 Rio Olympics.

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