Grand Slam (tennis)

The Grand Slam tournaments, also called majors, are the four most important annual tennis events. They offer the most ranking points, prize money, public and media attention, the greatest strength and size of field, and greater number of "best of" sets for men. The Grand Slam itinerary consists of the Australian Open in mid January, the French Open around late May through early June, Wimbledon in June-July, and the US Open in August-September. Each tournament is played over a period of a fortnight. The Australian and United States tournaments are played on hard courts,[a] the French on clay, and Wimbledon on grass. Wimbledon is the oldest, founded in 1877, followed by the US in 1881, the French in 1891, and the Australian in 1905. However, of these four, only Wimbledon was a major before 1924–25, when all four became designated Grand Slam tournaments. Skipping majors—especially the Australian Open because of the remoteness, the inconvenient dates (around Christmas and New Year's Day) and the low prize money—was not unusual before 1982.[1]

Grand Slam tournaments are not operated by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) or the Women's Tennis Association (WTA), but by the International Tennis Federation (ITF).[2] However, the ATP and WTA do award ranking points based on a player's performance at a major.[3][4]

The term Grand Slam, without qualification, and also originally, refers to the achievement of winning all four major championships within a single calendar year within one of the five events: men's and women's singles; men's, women's, and mixed doubles. In doubles, one team may accomplish a Grand Slam playing together or one player may achieve it with different partners.[5][6][7]

Winning the four majors in consecutive tournaments but not in the same year is known as a Non-Calendar Year Grand Slam, while winning all four majors at any point during the course of a career is known as a Career Grand Slam. Winning the gold medal at the Summer Olympic Games in addition to the four majors in one calendar year is known as a "Golden Grand Slam" or more commonly the "Golden Slam". Also, winning the Year-End Championship (known as ATP Finals for men's singles and doubles disciplines, and WTA Finals for both women's disciplines) in the same period is known as a "Super Slam". Together, all four majors in all three disciplines (singles, doubles, and mixed doubles) are called a "boxed set" of Grand Slam titles. No male or female player has won all twelve events in one calendar year, although a "career boxed set" has been achieved by three female players.

Tennis
Location of the four major tennis championships

Origin of the term "Grand Slam"

The term slam for winning all of the tricks in the whist family card games (see also whist terms) is attested from early in the 17th century. Grand slam for all of the tricks, in contrast to small slam or little slam for all but one, dates from early in the 19th century.[8] This use was inherited by contract bridge, a modern development of whist defined in 1925 that became very popular in Britain and America by 1930.

Grand slam has been used in golf since 1930, when Bobby Jones won the four major championships, two British and two American tournaments. Although John F. Kieran of The New York Times is widely credited with first applying the term "grand slam" to tennis to describe the winning of all four major tennis tournaments in a calendar year,[9] sports columnist Alan Gould had used the term in that connection almost two months before Kieran.[10]

History

The possibility of being the reigning champion of all the current four majors did not exist until 1924–25, when the International Lawn Tennis Federation designated the Australasian, French (before 1925 only open to members of French tennis clubs), British and American championship tournaments as the four majors. Before that time only three events: Wimbledon, the World Hard Court Championships (held in Paris & once in Brussels) and the World Covered Court Championships (held in various locations) were considered the premier international tennis events by the ILTF.[11][12] Tony Wilding of New Zealand won all three of those earlier majors in one year: 1913. It has been possible to complete a Grand Slam in most years and most disciplines since 1925. It was not possible from 1940 to 1945 because of interruptions at Wimbledon, the Australian and French opens due to the Second World War, the years from 1970 to 1985 when there was no Australian tournament in mixed doubles, and 1986 when there was no Australian Open at all.

Phil Dent has pointed out that skipping majors—especially the Australian Open—was not unusual then, before counting major titles became the norm.[13] Thus, many players had never played the Austral(as)ian amateur or open championships: the Doherty brothers, William Larned, Maurice McLoughlin, Beals Wright, Bill Johnston, Bill Tilden, René Lacoste, Henri Cochet, Bobby Riggs, Jack Kramer, Ted Schroeder, Pancho Gonzales, Budge Patty, Manuel Santana, Jan Kodeš and others, while Brookes, Ellsworth Vines, Jaroslav Drobný, Manuel Orantes, Ilie Năstase (at 35 years old) and Björn Borg came just once. Beginning in 1969, when the first Australian Open was held on the Milton Courts at Brisbane, the tournament was open to all players, including professionals, who at that point were prohibited from playing the traditional circuit.[14] Nevertheless, except for the 1969 and 1971 tournaments, many of the best players missed this championship until 1982, because of the remoteness, the inconvenient dates (around Christmas and New Year's Day) and the low prize money. In 1970, George MacCall's National Tennis League, which employed Rod Laver, Ken Rosewall, Andrés Gimeno, Pancho Gonzales, Roy Emerson and Fred Stolle, prevented its players from entering the tournament because the guarantees were insufficient. The tournament was won by Arthur Ashe.[15]

In terms of the current four majors, the first to win all four in a single year was Don Budge, who completed the feat in 1938. To date, 17 players have completed a Grand Slam, though only six in the most prestigious singles titles. Of these players, three have won multiple majors: Rod Laver accomplished the feat twice in men's singles; Margaret Court accomplished the feat three times, in two different disciplines – once in women's singles and twice in mixed doubles; and Esther Vergeer completed a grand slam twice in Women's wheelchair doubles.

The four Junior disciplines, boys' and girls' singles and doubles, provide limited opportunities to achieve a Grand Slam. Players are only eligible from age 13 to 18, with 18-year-olds likely to hold a physical advantage. Only Stefan Edberg has completed the Grand Slam in a Junior discipline.

Tournament details

Event Dates Venue Surface Current champion(s)
Men's Singles Women's Singles Men's Doubles Women's Doubles Mixed Doubles
Australia Australian Open mid/late
January
Melbourne Park,
Melbourne
Hard Serbia Novak Djokovic Japan Naomi Osaka France Pierre-Hugues Herbert
France Nicolas Mahut
Australia Samantha Stosur
China Zhang Shuai
Czech Republic Barbora Krejčíková
United States Rajeev Ram
France French Open late May/
early June
Stade Roland Garros,
Paris
Clay Spain Rafael Nadal Romania Simona Halep France Pierre-Hugues Herbert
France Nicolas Mahut
Czech Republic Barbora Krejčíková
Czech Republic Kateřina Siniaková
Chinese Taipei Latisha Chan
Croatia Ivan Dodig
United Kingdom Wimbledon late June/
early July
All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club,
London
Grass Serbia Novak Djokovic Germany Angelique Kerber United States Mike Bryan
United States Jack Sock
Czech Republic Barbora Krejčíková
Czech Republic Kateřina Siniaková
United States Nicole Melichar
Austria Alexander Peya
United States US Open late August/
early September
USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center,
New York City
Hard Serbia Novak Djokovic Japan Naomi Osaka United States Mike Bryan
United States Jack Sock
Australia Ashleigh Barty
United States CoCo Vandeweghe
United States Bethanie Mattek-Sands
United Kingdom Jamie Murray

Winners

Grand Slam champions

Per discipline (all-time)
Per tournament (Open Era only)

Players who completed the Grand Slam

Chronological

# Year Player Discipline Notes
1 1938 United States Don Budge Men's singles Part of 6 consecutive titles
2 1951 Australia Ken McGregor
Australia Frank Sedgman
Men's doubles Part of 7 consecutive titles for the team
Part of 8 consecutive titles for Sedgman with Australia John Bromwich and Australia Ken McGregor
3 1953 United States Maureen Connolly Women's singles Part of 6 consecutive titles
4 1960 Brazil Maria Bueno Women's doubles With United Kingdom Christine Truman and United States Darlene Hard
5 1962 Australia Rod Laver Men's singles
6 1963 Australia Margaret Court
Australia Ken Fletcher
Mixed doubles Part of 6 consecutive titles for the team
Part of 7 consecutive titles for Court with Australia Fred Stolle and Australia Ken Fletcher
7 1965 Australia Margaret Court Mixed doubles Part of 5 consecutive titles with Australia John Newcombe, Australia Ken Fletcher and Australia Fred Stolle
8 1967 Australia Owen Davidson Mixed doubles Part of 5 consecutive titles with United States Donna Floyd, Australia Lesley Turner and United States Billie Jean King
9 1969 Australia Rod Laver Men's singles Only player to complete the singles' Grand Slam twice
10 1970 Australia Margaret Court Women's singles Part of 6 consecutive titles
11 1983 Sweden Stefan Edberg Boys' singles Only Junior to complete a Grand Slam
12 1984 United States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
Women's doubles Part of 8 consecutive titles
13 1988 West Germany Steffi Graf Women's singles Part of 5 consecutive titles
14 1998 Switzerland Martina Hingis Women's doubles Part of 5 consecutive titles with Croatia Mirjana Lučić, Czech Republic Jana Novotná and Russia Anna Kournikova
15 2009 Netherlands Esther Vergeer
Netherlands Korie Homan
Women's wheelchair doubles Part of 12 consecutive titles for Vergeer with Netherlands Korie Homan, Netherlands Jiske Griffioen and Netherlands Maaike Smit
16 2011 Netherlands Esther Vergeer
Netherlands Sharon Walraven
Women's wheelchair doubles Part of 7 consecutive titles for the team
Part of 8 consecutive titles for Vergeer with Netherlands Sharon Walraven and Netherlands Marjolein Buis
17 2013 Netherlands Aniek van Koot
Netherlands Jiske Griffioen
Women's wheelchair doubles
18 2014 France Stéphane Houdet Men's wheelchair doubles With Belgium Joachim Gérard and Japan Shingo Kunieda
19 2014 Japan Yui Kamiji
United Kingdom Jordanne Whiley
Women's wheelchair doubles Part of 5 consecutive titles

Per player

Player Grand Slams
Singles Doubles Mixed Total
Australia Margaret Court
1
2
3
Australia Rod Laver
2
2
Netherlands Esther Vergeer (wheelchair tennis)
2
United States Don Budge
1
1
Australia Ken McGregor
1
Australia Frank Sedgman
1
United States Maureen Connolly
1
Brazil Maria Bueno
1
Australia Ken Fletcher
1
Australia Owen Davidson
1
Sweden Stefan Edberg (junior tennis)
1
United States Martina Navratilova
1
United States Pam Shriver
1
Germany Steffi Graf
1
Switzerland Martina Hingis
1
Netherlands Korie Homan (wheelchair tennis)
1
Netherlands Sharon Walraven (wheelchair tennis)
1
Netherlands Aniek van Koot (wheelchair tennis)
1
Netherlands Jiske Griffioen (wheelchair tennis)
1
France Stéphane Houdet (wheelchair tennis)
1
Japan Yui Kamiji (wheelchair tennis)
1
United Kingdom Jordanne Whiley (wheelchair tennis)
1

Non-calendar year Grand Slam

Controversy over terminology

In 1982, the International Tennis Federation (ITF) began offering a $1 million bonus to any singles player to win four consecutive major titles, no matter the time of completion. Although groups variously identified as the Men's International Professional Tennis Council, "abetted primarily by some British tennis writers",[16] and "European tennis journalists"[17] had advocated for the ITF to change the definition of "Grand Slam", ITF General Secretary David Gray made it clear that this was not going to happen. In a 1983 letter to tennis journalist Paul Fein, Gray clarified:

There seems to be some confusion. The ITF's only initiative in this matter has been the organisation of the offer of a bonus of $1m. to any player who holds all four Grand Slam titles simultaneously [...] In spite of all that we have read on this matter, it has never been my Committee of Management's intention to alter the basis of the classic Grand Slam i.e., the capture of all four titles in a year.

The ITF's plan was to offer the cash bonus for three years, apparently to encourage players to compete in all four major tournaments as much as to reward success at them.[18]

Even before the ITF had announced their bonus, the Grand Slam controversy had taken on a life of its own. Writing in 1982, Neil Amdur claimed, "Now the sport spins nervously under the influence of big dollars and even bigger egos, and tradition has almost gone the way of white balls and long flannels [...] If the four major tournaments want to offer a $1 million incentive for any player in the future who can sweep their titles—and such talks have been rumored—that bonus would be a welcome addition. But changing what the Grand Slam is all about is like a baseball player believing that he 'hit for the cycle' after slugging a single, double and triple in the first game of a doubleheader and a home run in his first time at bat in the second game."[17] Despite seeming clarity from the ITF, some journalists suggested that the sport's organizing body had turned its back on history and changed the "rules" of tennis by redefining a Grand Slam. Such confusion continued for years. For instance, when Steffi Graf completed the Grand Slam in 1988, George Vecsey wrote, "Even the International Tennis Federation, which should have more respect for history, ruled in 1982 that winning any four straight majors constituted a Grand Slam—and offered a $1 million bonus for it [...] But many tennis people, and most writers, and probably most fans, too, did not accept the new rules, and the I.T.F. has dropped the gimmick."[19] Vecsey was only half right: the ITF dropped the "gimmick" of the cash bonus, but it had never changed any rules.

However, the ambiguous way the ITF described the Grand Slam in their Constitution led to journalists continuing to make the same assumption as Vecsey over two decades later. For instance, when Rafael Nadal was on the verge of completing a non-calendar year Grand Slam at the 2011 Australian Open, one writer observed, "Most traditionalists insist that the 'Grand Slam' should refer only to winning all four titles in a calendar year, although the constitution of the International Tennis Federation, the sports governing body, spells out that 'players who hold all four of these titles at the same time achieve the Grand Slam'."[20] This was true until later in 2011, when the ITF edited the description to eliminate all confusion. As it now stands, "The Grand Slam titles are the championships of Australia, France, the United States of America and Wimbledon. Players who hold all four of these titles in one calendar year achieve the 'Grand Slam'."[21]

When Martina Navratilova won the 1984 French Open and became the reigning champion of all four women's singles events, she was the first player to receive the bonus prize in recognition of her achievement. Some media outlets did, indeed, say that she had won a Grand Slam.[22] Others simply noted the ongoing controversy: "Whether the Slam was Grand or Bland or a commercial sham tainted with an asterisk the size of a tennis ball, Martina Navratilova finally did it."[23] Although the ITF recognizes what is now unofficially known as the "non-calendar year Grand Slam" on its Roll of Honour, no subsequent player to win four or more majors in a row—Steffi Graf, Serena Williams, or Novak Djokovic—has received bonus prize money.

Combining the Grand Slam and non-calendar year Grand Slam, the total number of times that players achieved the feat (of being the reigning champion in all four majors) expands to 18.

Achievements and near misses

Three women have won four or more consecutive major titles since 1970, with Navratilova taking six in a row in 1983–1984. On the men's side, Novak Djokovic was the first singles player since Rod Laver to hold all four major titles at once, which he accomplished between Wimbledon 2015 and the 2016 French Open. Prior to the Open Era, Don Budge received the same accolades in winning the French Championships in 1938, but then completed the more prestigious Grand Slam at the 1938 US Championships, giving him six majors in a row, the only male to ever win more than four consecutive major tournaments.

The Bryan brothers (Bob and Mike) were the last to achieve a non-calendar year Grand Slam in men's doubles. Several players and teams came up one title short. Todd Woodbridge and Mark Woodforde, known collectively as The Woodies, reached the final of the 1997 French Open while holding all the other three titles, but lost to Yevgeny Kafelnikov and Daniel Vacek. In singles, Pete Sampras lost the 1994 French Open quarterfinal to fellow countryman Jim Courier, having won the previous three majors. Roger Federer in 2006 and 2007, and Novak Djokovic in 2012 repeated this, both ultimately losing the French Open final to Rafael Nadal. Nadal himself was prevented from achieving this feat by his countryman David Ferrer, who defeated him in the quarterfinal of the 2011 Australian Open, which Nadal entered holding the other three major titles. In women's singles, Monica Seles lost the 1992 Wimbledon final to Steffi Graf, having won the previous three majors. Martina Hingis had a chance to achieve the feat in the 1998, but lost to Seles in the French Open semifinal. In women's doubles, Virginia Ruano Pascual and Paola Suárez had won three majors from US Open 2003 to the 2004 French Open, lost at the semifinals to Cara Black and Rennae Stubbs in the 2004 Wimbledon, and Sania Mirza together with Hingis had won from Wimbledon 2015 to the 2016 Australian Open, but lost in the third round of the 2016 French Open to Barbora Krejčíková and Kateřina Siniaková. In 2017, Bethanie Mattek-Sands and Lucie Šafářová had the chance to win four consecutive titles at Wimbledon, but withdrew from their scheduled second round match following an acute knee injury suffered by Mattek-Sands in the second round of the Ladies' Singles competition.

The following list is for those players who achieved a non-calendar Grand Slam by winning four or more consecutive titles, but who failed to win the Grand Slam during the same streak.

Men's singles

titles Player Years From To
4 Serbia Novak Djokovic 2015–16 2015 Wimbledon 2016 French Open

Women's singles

titles Player Years From To
6 United States Martina Navratilova 1983–84 1983 Wimbledon 1984 US Open
4 Germany Steffi Graf 1993–94 1993 French Open 1994 Australian Open
United States Serena Williams 2002–03 2002 French Open 2003 Australian Open
2014–15 2014 US Open 2015 Wimbledon
Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.

Men's doubles

titles Player Years From To
4 United States Bob Bryan
United States Mike Bryan
2012–13 2012 US Open 2013 Wimbledon

Women's doubles

titles Player Years From To Notes
6 United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
1992–93 1992 French Open 1993 Wimbledon
5 United States Martina Navratilova 1986–87 1986 French Open 1987 French Open 1 with Hungary Andrea Temesvári and 4 with United States Pam Shriver
4 United States Louise Brough 1949–50 1949 French Championships 1950 Australian Championships 3 with United States Margaret Osborne duPont and 1 with United States Doris Hart
United States Pam Shriver 1986–87 1986 Wimbledon 1987 French Open 4 with United States Martina Navratilova
Belarus Natasha Zvereva 1996–97 1996 US Open 1997 Wimbledon 3 with United States Gigi Fernández and 1 with Switzerland Martina Hingis
United States Serena Williams
United States Venus Williams
2009–10 2009 Wimbledon 2010 French Open

Mixed doubles

titles Player Years From To Notes
4 United States Billie Jean King 1967–68 1967 French Championships 1968 Australian Championships 3 with Australia Owen Davidson and 1 with Australia Dick Crealy

Men's wheelchair doubles

titles Player Years From To Notes
5 France Stéphane Houdet 2009–10 2009 French Open 2010 French Open 2 with France Michaël Jeremiasz, 2 with Japan Shingo Kunieda and 1 with Sweden Stefan Olsson
4 Japan Shingo Kunieda 2014–15 2014 Wimbledon 2015 French Open 3 with France Stéphane Houdet and 1 with United Kingdom Gordon Reid

Women's wheelchair doubles

titles Player Years From To Notes
4 Netherlands Diede de Groot 2018–19 2018 French Open 2019 Australian Open 2 with Netherlands Aniek van Koot and 2 with Japan Yui Kamiji

Career Grand Slam

The career achievement of all four major championships in one format is termed a Career Grand Slam in that format. Dozens of players have accomplished that (column two) and 17 have doubled it: won a second championship in each of the four majors in one format (column three). Two or more career championships in all four majors is sometimes called a "Multiple Slam Set". Three players have Multiple Slam Sets in two formats, one in three formats, so 22 players are counted in the table (column three). Their achievements are tabulated below.

Career Grand Slams by format
Format Numbers of players
Completed the Career GS Completed at least 2
Men's singles 8 players (2 Golden, 1 Super) 2 players
Women's singles 10 players (2 Golden, 2 Super) 5 players
Men's doubles 24 players (16 as teams) 5 players (2 as a team)
Women's doubles 21 players (12 as teams) 8 players (6 as teams)
Mixed doubles 17 players (7 as teams) 4 players (2 as teams)

Eight men and ten women have won Career Grand Slams in singles play (rows one and two); among them two men and five women have at least two Career Grand Slams in singles (column three). Since the beginning of the open era, five men (Rod Laver, Andre Agassi, Roger Federer, Rafael Nadal, Novak Djokovic) and six women (Margaret Court, Chris Evert, Martina Navratilova, Steffi Graf, Serena Williams and Maria Sharapova) have achieved this.

Several singles players have won three major championships without achieving the Career Grand Slam, grouped by the missing Grand Slam tournament:

Several doubles players have won three major championships without achieving the Career Grand Slam, grouped by the missing Grand Slam tournament:

Only six players have completed a Career Grand Slam in both singles and doubles: one male (Roy Emerson) and five female (Margaret Court, Doris Hart, Shirley Fry Irvin, Martina Navratilova, and Serena Williams). Court, Hart and Navratilova are the only three players to have completed a "Career Boxed Set", winning all four titles in singles, doubles, and mixed doubles; this has never been done by a male player.

The remainder of this section is a complete list, by format, of all players who have won the Career Grand Slam. Players are ordered chronologically by their completion of the Career Grand Slam. The major tournament at which the Career Grand Slam was achieved is indicated in bold.

Men's singles

Eight men have won all four grand slam tournaments. Two of the eight men (Rod Laver and Roy Emerson) achieved a double career Slam. Originally, the grand slams were held on grass (Australian, Wimbledon, and US Open) and clay (French) and the first four players achieved their grand slams on two surfaces. The US Open changed its surface from grass to clay in 1975 and then to hard court in 1978. The Australian Open changed from grass to hard court in 1988. The last four players (Agassi, Federer, Nadal, Djokovic) achieved their career grand slam on three different surfaces: hard court, clay, and grass.

# Player Age Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 United Kingdom Fred Perry 26 1934 1935 1934 1933
2 United States Don Budge 23 1938 1938 1937 1937
3 Australia Rod Laver 24 1960 1962 1961 1962
4 Australia Roy Emerson 27 1961 1963 1964 1961
5 United States Andre Agassi 29 1995 1999 1992 1994
6 Switzerland Roger Federer 27 2004 2009 2003 2004
7 Spain Rafael Nadal 24 2009 2005 2008 2010
8 Serbia Novak Djokovic 29 2008 2016 2011 2011

Women's singles

Each woman's "first wins" in the four majors are listed chronologically and their ages upon completion of the Career Grand Slam are given in brackets. Five of the ten women achieved at least two Career Grand Slams, two of the ten have achieved three Career Grand Slams and Steffi Graf is the only player to achieve four Career Grand Slams.

# Player Age Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 United States Maureen Connolly 18 1953 1953 1952 1951
2 United States Doris Hart 28 1949 1950 1951 1954
3 United States Shirley Fry Irvin 29 1957 1951 1956 1956
4 Australia Margaret Court 20 1960 1962 1963 1962
5 United States Billie Jean King 28 1968 1972 1966 1967
6 United States Chris Evert 27 1982 1974 1974 1975
7 United States Martina Navratilova 26 1981 1982 1978 1983
8 Germany Steffi Graf 19 1988 1987 1988 1988
9 United States Serena Williams 21 2003 2002 2002 1999
10 Russia Maria Sharapova 25 2008 2012 2004 2006
Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.

Men's doubles

In Men's Doubles, 24 players have won the Career Grand Slam, including sixteen who achieved the Career Grand Slam with a unique partner. Eight of the 24 men achieved at least a double Career Grand Slam at Men's Doubles, led by Roy Emerson and John Newcombe with triple Slams.

Individual

# Player Age Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Australia Adrian Quist 26 1936 1935 1935 1939
2 Australia Frank Sedgman 23 1951 1951 1948 1950
3 Australia Ken McGregor 22 1951 1951 1951 1951
4 Australia Lew Hoad 21 1953 1953 1953 1956
Australia Ken Rosewall 21 1953 1953 1953 1956
6 Australia Neale Fraser 25 1957 1958 1959 1957
7 Australia Roy Emerson 25 1962 1960 1959 1959
8 Australia Fred Stolle 26 1963 1965 1962 1965
9 Australia John Newcombe 23 1965 1967 1965 1967
Australia Tony Roche 22 1965 1967 1965 1967
11 South Africa Bob Hewitt 37 1963 1972 1962 1977
12 Australia John Fitzgerald 28 1982 1986 1989 1984
Sweden Anders Järryd 27 1987 1983 1989 1987
14 Netherlands Jacco Eltingh 27 1994 1995 1998 1994
Netherlands Paul Haarhuis 32 1994 1995 1998 1994
16 Australia Todd Woodbridge 29 1992 2000 1993 1995
Australia Mark Woodforde 34 1992 2000 1993 1989
18 Sweden Jonas Björkman 32 1998 2005 2002 2003
19 United States Bob Bryan 28 2006 2003 2006 2005
United States Mike Bryan 28 2006 2003 2006 2005
21 Canada Daniel Nestor 35 2002 2007 2008 2004
22 India Leander Paes 38 2012 1999 1999 2006
23 France Pierre-Hugues Herbert 27 2019 2018 2016 2015
France Nicolas Mahut 37 2019 2018 2016 2015

Team

# Player Age Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Australia Frank Sedgman
Australia Ken McGregor
24
23
1951 1951 1951 1951
2 Australia Ken Rosewall
Australia Lew Hoad
22
21
1953 1953 1953 1956
3 Australia Neale Fraser
Australia Roy Emerson
28
25
1962 1960 1959 1959
4 Australia John Newcombe
Australia Tony Roche
23
24
1965 1967 1965 1967
5 Netherlands Jacco Eltingh
Netherlands Paul Haarhuis
28
32
1994 1995 1998 1994
6 Australia The Woodies
(Mark Woodforde
Todd Woodbridge)
34
29
1992 2000 1993 1995
7 United States Bryan brothers
(Bob Bryan
Mike Bryan)
28
28
2006 2003 2006 2005
8 France Pierre-Hugues Herbert
France Nicolas Mahut
27
37
2019 2018 2016 2015
Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.

Women's doubles

At Women's Doubles, 21 players have won the career Slam, including ten who achieved the Career Grand Slam with a unique partner. Nine of the 21 achieved at least a double Career Grand Slam at Women's Doubles, led by Martina Navratilova with seven or more titles in each major.

Individual

# Player Age Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 United States Louise Brough Clapp 27 1950 1946 1946 1942
2 United States Doris Hart 26 1949 1951 1951 1951
3 United States Shirley Fry Irvin 30 1957 1950 1951 1951
4 Brazil Maria Bueno 20 1960 1960 1958 1960
5 Australia Margaret Court 22 1961 1964 1964 1963
Australia Lesley Turner Bowrey 21 1964 1964 1964 1961
7 Australia Judy Tegart Dalton 32 1964 1966 1969 1970
8 Czechoslovakia/United States Martina Navratilova 23 1980 1975 1976 1977
9 United States Kathy Jordan 21 1981 1980 1980 1981
United States Anne Smith 21 1981 1980 1980 1981
11 United States Pam Shriver 21 1982 1984 1981 1983
12 Czechoslovakia Helena Suková 25 1990 1990 1987 1985
13 United States Gigi Fernández 28 1993 1991 1992 1988
Soviet Union/Belarus Natasha Zvereva 21 1993 1989 1991 1991
15 Czechoslovakia/Czech Republic Jana Novotná 25 1990 1990 1989 1994
16 Switzerland Martina Hingis 17 1997 1998 1996 1998
17 United States Serena Williams 19 2001 1999 2000 1999
United States Venus Williams 20 2001 1999 2000 1999
19 United States Lisa Raymond 33 2000 2006 2001 2001
20 Italy Sara Errani 27 2013 2012 2014 2012
Italy Roberta Vinci 31 2013 2012 2014 2012

Team

# Player Age Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Australia Judy Tegart Dalton
Australia Margaret Court
32
27
1969 1966 1969 1970
2 United States Anne Smith
United States Kathy Jordan
21
21
1981 1980 1980 1981
3 United States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
28
21
1982 1984 1982 1983
4 United States Gigi Fernández
Belarus Natasha Zvereva
28
21
1993 1992 1992 1992
5 United States Williams sisters
(Serena Williams
Venus Williams)
19
20
2001 1999 2000 1999
6 Italy Roberta Vinci
Italy Sara Errani
31
27
2013 2012 2014 2012
Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.

Mixed doubles

At Mixed Doubles, a total of 17 players have won the career Slam, including seven who won all four events with the same partner — an odd number because Margaret Court accomplished a career Grand Slam separately with Ken Fletcher and Marty Riessen. The two other teams which won all four events are Doris Hart with Frank Sedgman, and Martina Hingis with Leander Paes. Four of the 17 players have accomplished multiple career Grand Slams in mixed doubles, led by Margaret Court's quadruple Slam.

Individual

# Player Age Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 France Jean Borotra 29 1928 1927 1925 1926
2 United States Doris Hart 26 1949 1951 1951 1951
Australia Frank Sedgman 21 1949 1951 1951 1951
4 Australia Margaret Court 20 1963 1963 1963 1961
5 Australia Ken Fletcher 23 1963 1963 1963 1963
6 Australia Owen Davidson 23 1965 1967 1967 1966
7 United States Billie Jean King 24 1968 1967 1967 1967
8 United States Marty Riessen 33 1969 1969 1975 1969
9 Union of South Africa Bob Hewitt 39 1961 1970 1977 1979
10 Australia Todd Woodbridge 24 1993 1992 1994 1990
11 Australia Mark Woodforde 27 1992 1995 1993 1992
12 Czechoslovakia/United States Martina Navratilova 46 2003 1974 1985 1985
13 Slovakia Daniela Hantuchová 22 2002 2005 2001 2005
14 India Mahesh Bhupathi 29 2006 1997 2002 1999
15 Zimbabwe Cara Black 30 2010 2002 2004 2008
16 India Leander Paes 42 2003 2016 1999 2008
Switzerland Martina Hingis 35 2006 2016 2015 2015

Team

# Player Age Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 United States Doris Hart
Australia Frank Sedgman
21
26
1949 1951 1951 1951
2 Australia Ken Fletcher
Australia Margaret Court
23
21
1963 1963 1963 1963
3 Australia Margaret Court
United States Marty Riessen
32
33
1969 1969 1975 1969
4 India Leander Paes
Switzerland Martina Hingis
42
35
2015 2016 2015 2015
Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.

Boys' singles

# Player Age Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Sweden Stefan Edberg 17 1983 1983 1983 1983

Boys' doubles

# Player Age Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Australia Mark Kratzmann 17 1984 1983 1983 1983

Men's wheelchair doubles

Individual

# Player Age Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1  Shingo Kunieda (JPN) 24 2007 2008 2006 2007
2  Stéphane Houdet (FRA) 40 2010 2007 2009 2009
3  Maikel Scheffers (NED) 28 2011 2008 2011 2010
4  Michael Jeremiasz (FRA) 32 2013 2009 2009 2005
5  Nicolas Peifer (FRA) 25 2016 2011 2015 2011
6  Gordon Reid (GBR) 25 2017 2015 2016 2015

Team

# Player Age Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1  Shingo Kunieda (JPN)
 Stéphane Houdet (FRA)
30
44
2010 2010 2013 2014

Women's wheelchair doubles

Individual

# Player Age Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1  Esther Vergeer (NED) 27 2004 2007 2009 2005
 Korie Homan (NED) 29 2009 2009 2009 2005
3  Sharon Walraven (NED) 40 2011 2010 2010 2010
4  Jiske Griffioen (NED) 27 2006 2008 2012 2006
5  Aniek van Koot (NED) 23 2010 2013 2012 2013
6  Yui Kamiji (JPN) 20 2014 2014 2014 2014
 Jordanne Whiley (GRB) 22 2014 2014 2014 2014
7  Diede de Groot (NED) 22 2019 2018 2018 2017

Team

# Player Age Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1  Esther Vergeer (NED)
 Korie Homan (NED)
27
22
2009 2009 2009 2005
2  Esther Vergeer (NED)
 Sharon Walraven (NED)
29
40
2011 2011 2010 2010
3  Aniek van Koot (NED)
 Jiske Griffioen (NED)
23
28
2013 2013 2012 2013
4  Jordanne Whiley (GRB)
 Yui Kamiji (JPN)
22
20
2014 2014 2014 2014

Most consecutive Grand Slam tournament titles

Men's singles

Cons.
titles
Player From To
6 United States Don Budge 1937 Wimbledon 1938 U.S. Championships

Women's singles

Cons.
titles
Player From To
6 United States Maureen Connolly 1952 Wimbledon 1953 U.S. Championships
Australia Margaret Court 1969 US Open 1971 Australian Open
United States Martina Navratilova 1983 Wimbledon 1984 US Open
Note: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year.

Men's doubles

Individual

Cons.
titles
Player From To
8 Australia Frank Sedgman 1950 U.S. Championships 1952 Wimbledon

Team

Cons.
titles
Player(s) From To
7 Australia Frank Sedgman
Australia Ken McGregor
1951 Australian Championships 1952 Wimbledon

Women's doubles

Cons.
titles
Player(s) From To
8 United States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
1983 Wimbledon 1985 French Open

Mixed doubles

Individual

Cons.
titles
Player From To
7 Australia Margaret Court 1962 US Championships 1964 French Championships

Team

Cons.
titles
Player(s) From To
6 Australia Margaret Court
Australia Ken Fletcher
1963 Australian Championships 1964 French Championships

Men's wheelchair singles

Cons.
titles
Player From To
13 Japan Shingo Kunieda 2007 Australian Open 2011 Australian Open
6 2014 Australian Open 2016 US Open

Women's wheelchair singles

Cons.
titles
Player From To
11 Netherlands Esther Vergeer 2005 US Open 2009 US Open
7 2010 French Open 2012 French Open

Men's wheelchair doubles

Individual

Cons.
titles
Player From To
5 France Stéphane Houdet 2009 French Open 2010 French Open
5 2014 Australian Open 2015 Australian Open

Women's wheelchair doubles

Individual

Cons.
titles
Player From To
12 Netherlands Esther Vergeer 2005 US Open 2009 US Open
8 2010 Wimbledon 2012 French Open

Team

Cons.
titles
Player(s) From To
7 Netherlands Esther Vergeer
Netherlands Sharon Walraven
2010 Wimbledon 2012 Australian Open

Most consecutive Grand Slam singles finals

Men

Cons.
finals
Player From To
10 Switzerland Roger Federer 2005 Wimbledon Championships 2007 US Open
8 2008 French Open 2010 Australian Open
7 Australia Jack Crawford 1933 Australian Championships 1934 Wimbledon Championships
6 United States Don Budge 1937 Wimbledon Championships 1938 U.S. Championships
Australia Rod Laver 1961 Wimbledon Championships 1962 U.S. Championships
Serbia Novak Djokovic 2015 Australian Open 2016 French Open
5 United Kingdom Fred Perry 1934 Wimbledon Championships 1935 Wimbledon Championships
Australia Frank Sedgman 1951 U.S. Championships 1952 U.S. Championships
Australia Fred Stolle 1964 Wimbledon Championships 1965 Wimbledon Championships
Spain Rafael Nadal 2011 French Open 2012 French Open
4 United States Bill Tilden 1920 Wimbledon Championships 1921 U.S. Championships
Australia Lew Hoad 1956 Australian Championships 1956 U.S. Championships
Australia Rod Laver 1969 Australian Open 1969 US Open
Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl 1985 US Open 1986 US Open
United States Andre Agassi 1999 French Open 2000 Australian Open
Serbia Novak Djokovic 2011 Wimbledon Championships 2012 French Open

Women

Cons.
finals
Player From To
13 Germany Steffi Graf 1987 French Open 1990 French Open
11 United States Martina Navratilova 1985 French Open 1987 US Open
6 United States Maureen Connolly 1952 Wimbledon Championships 1953 US Championships
Australia Margaret Court 1969 US Open 1971 Australian Open
United States Martina Navratilova 1983 Wimbledon Championships 1984 US Open
United States Chris Evert 1984 French Open 1985 Wimbledon Championships
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia/Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Monica Seles 1991 US Open 1993 Australian Open
5 Australia Margaret Court 1963 Wimbledon Championships 1964 Wimbledon Championships
1965 Australian Championships 1966 Australian Championships
Germany Steffi Graf 1993 Australian Open 1994 Australian Open
Switzerland Martina Hingis 1997 Australian Open 1998 Australian Open
4 Norway Molla Bjurstedt Mallory 1915 U.S. Championships 1918 U.S. Championships
United States Pauline Betz Addie 1941 U.S. Championships 1944 U.S. Championships
Brazil Maria Bueno 1964 French Championships 1965 Australian Championships
Czechoslovakia Hana Mandlíková 1980 US Open 1981 Wimbledon Championships
United States Martina Navratilova 1981 US Open 1982 Wimbledon Championships
United States Chris Evert 1982 Wimbledon Championships 1983 French Open
Spain Arantxa Sánchez Vicario 1994 US Open 1995 Wimbledon Championships
United States Serena Williams 2002 French Open 2003 Australian Open
United States Venus Williams 2002 French Open 2003 Australian Open
Belgium Justine Henin 2006 Australian Open 2006 US Open
United States Serena Williams 2014 US Open 2015 Wimbledon Championships

Most Grand Slam singles titles without a loss

Helen Wills Moody won all 16 of the Grand Slam singles tournaments she played beginning with the 1924 U.S. Championships and extending to the 1933 Wimbledon Championships (not counting her defaults in the 1926 French and Wimbledon Championships). During this period, she won 6 Wimbledons, 4 French Championships, and 6 U.S. Championships. She also won the 1924 Summer Olympics during this period. Moody never entered the Australian Championships.

Most Grand Slam mixed doubles titles without a loss

Doris Hart won all 13 of the Grand Slam mixed doubles tournaments she played beginning with the 1951 French Championships and extending to the 1955 U.S. Championships. During this period, she won 5 Wimbledons, 3 French Championships, and 5 U.S. Championships.

Golden Slam

Tennis was an Olympic sport from the inaugural 1896 Summer Olympics through the 1924 Games, then was dropped for the next 64 years (except as a demonstration sport in 1968 and 1984) before returning in 1988. As there were only three major championships designated by the International Lawn Tennis Federation before 1925, none of the tennis players who participated in the Olympics between 1896 and 1924 had a chance to complete a Golden Grand Slam. However, there was a possibility to complete a Career Golden Grand Slam by winning the 1920 Olympics or 1924 Olympics plus each of the four grand slams, all of which were present from 1925 onwards. The term Golden Slam (initially "Golden Grand Slam") was coined in 1988.[24]

Only one player has completed the Golden Slam:[25][26]

Germany Steffi Graf (1988 Australian Open, 1988 French Open, 1988 Wimbledon Championships, 1988 US Open, and 1988 Olympic gold medal)

Non-calendar year Golden Slam

Winning four consecutive Grand Slam tournaments and Olympic event in the period of twelve months, although not in the same year, is called a "Non-calendar year Golden Slam".[27] Only Bob and Mike Bryan have achieved this by winning the 2012 Olympics, 2012 US Open, 2013 Australian Open, 2013 French Open and 2013 Wimbledon Championships. After they won the final at Wimbledon, this was coined the "Golden Bryan Slam".[28]

Career Golden Slam

A player who wins all four Grand Slam tournaments and the Olympic gold medal during his or her career is said to have achieved a Career Golden Slam. The event at which the Career Golden Slam was achieved is indicated in bold.

# Player Discipline Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open Olympics
1 United States Pam Shriver Women's doubles 1982 1984 1981 1983 1988
2 Germany Steffi Graf Women's singles 1988 1987 1988 1988 1988
3 United States Gigi Fernández Women's doubles 1993 1991 1992 1988 1992
4 United States Andre Agassi Men's singles 1995 1999 1992 1994 1996
5 Australia Todd Woodbridge Men's doubles 1992 2000 1993 1992 1996
Australia Mark Woodforde
7 United States Serena Williams Women's doubles 2001 1999 2000 1999 2000
United States Venus Williams
9 Japan Shingo Kunieda Men's wheelchair doubles 2009 2008 2006 2007 2004
10 Canada Daniel Nestor Men's doubles 2002 2007 2008 2004 2000
11 Netherlands Korie Homan Women's wheelchair doubles 2009 2009 2009 2005 2008
Netherlands Esther Vergeer Women's wheelchair doubles 2004 2007 2009 2005 2000
13 France Stéphane Houdet Men's wheelchair doubles 2010 2007 2009 2009 2008
14 Spain Rafael Nadal Men's singles 2009 2005 2008 2010 2008
15 Netherlands Sharon Walraven Women's wheelchair doubles 2011 2011 2010 2010 2008
16 United States Bob Bryan Men's doubles 2006 2003 2006 2005 2012
United States Mike Bryan
18 United States Serena Williams Women's singles 2003 2002 2002 1999 2012
19 France Michaël Jeremiasz Men's wheelchair doubles 2013 2009 2009 2005 2008
20 Netherlands Aniek van Koot Women's wheelchair doubles 2010 2013 2012 2013 2016
Netherlands Jiske Griffioen Women's wheelchair doubles 2006 2008 2012 2006 2016
22 France Nicolas Peifer Men's wheelchair doubles 2016 2011 2015 2011 2016

Super Slam

Soon after the Open Era began in 1968, the new professional tours each held a year-end championship (YEC), which are elite tournaments involving only the top performers of the given season. The subsequent return of tennis to the Olympics in 1988 gave rise to the notion of a Super Slam as a combination of Golden Slam and YEC title.[29][30][31] Eligible YECs are currently called the ATP Finals for men, WTA Finals for women, and the Wheelchair Tennis Masters.

No player has ever completed the Super Slam in a single season.

Non-calendar year Super Slam

Only one player has completed the Super Slam in a period of twelve months:

Germany Steffi Graf (1987 Virginia Slims Championships, 1988 Australian Open, 1988 French Open, 1988 Wimbledon Championships, 1988 US Open and 1988 Olympic gold medal)

Career Super Slam

  • The event at which the Career Super Slam was achieved indicated in bold below:
# Player Discipline Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open Olympics Year-end
1 United States Pam Shriver Women's doubles 1982 1984 1981 1983 1988 1981
2 Germany Steffi Graf Women's singles 1988 1987 1988 1988 1988 1987
3 United States Gigi Fernández Women's doubles 1993 1991 1992 1988 1992 1993
4 United States Andre Agassi Men's singles 1995 1999 1992 1994 1996 1990
5 Australia Todd Woodbridge Men's doubles 1992 2000 1993 1992 1996 1992
Australia Mark Woodforde
7 Canada Daniel Nestor Men's doubles 2002 2007 2008 2004 2000 2007
8 Netherlands Esther Vergeer Women's wheelchair doubles 2004 2007 2009 2005 2000 2001
Netherlands Korie Homan Women's wheelchair doubles 2009 2009 2009 2005 2008 2004
10 France Stéphane Houdet Men's wheelchair doubles 2010 2007 2009 2009 2008 2006
11 Netherlands Sharon Walraven Women's wheelchair doubles 2011 2011 2010 2010 2008 2010
12 United States Bob Bryan Men's doubles 2006 2003 2006 2005 2012 2003
United States Mike Bryan
14 United States Serena Williams Women's singles 2003 2002 2002 1999 2012 2001
15 Japan Shingo Kunieda Men's wheelchair doubles 2009 2008 2006 2007 2004 2012
16 France Michaël Jeremiasz Men's wheelchair doubles 2013 2009 2009 2005 2008 2008
17 Netherlands Aniek van Koot Women's wheelchair doubles 2010 2013 2012 2013 2016 2012
Netherlands Jiske Griffioen Women's wheelchair doubles 2006 2008 2012 2006 2016 2004
19 France Nicolas Peifer Men's wheelchair doubles 2016 2011 2015 2011 2016 2016

Three major tournament titles in a year

Players who have won three of the four Grand Slam tournaments in the same year. Jack Crawford, Lew Hoad, Martina Navratilova and Serena Williams won the first three events, but lost the last grand slam tournament.[b] Crawford, an asthmatic, won two of the first three sets of the 1933 U.S. Championships final against Fred Perry, then tired in the heat and lost the last two sets and the match.[32] Until 2016, Wimbledon have never hosted singles tournament for wheelchairs.[33] Notwithstanding year when the US Open did not take place due to date clashes with the Paralympics.

Key
W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH

Men's singles

# Player Year Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Australia Jack Crawford 1933 W W W F
2 United Kingdom Fred Perry 1934 W QF W W
3 United States Tony Trabert 1955 SF W W W
4 Australia Lew Hoad 1956 W W W F
5 Australia Ashley Cooper 1958 W SF W W
6 Australia Roy Emerson 1964 W QF W W
7 United States Jimmy Connors 1974 W A[34] W W
8 Sweden Mats Wilander 1988 W W QF W
9 Switzerland Roger Federer 2004 W 3R W W
10 Switzerland Roger Federer (2) 2006 W F W W
11 Switzerland Roger Federer (3) 2007 W F W W
12 Spain Rafael Nadal 2010 QF W W W
13 Serbia Novak Djokovic 2011 W SF W W
14 Serbia Novak Djokovic (2) 2015 W F W W

Women's singles

# Player Year Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 United States Helen Wills 1928 A W W W
2 United States Helen Wills (2) 1929 A W W W
3 Australia Margaret Court 1962 W W 2R W
4 Australia Margaret Court (2) 1965 W F W W
5 Australia Margaret Court (3) 1969 W W SF W
6 United States Billie Jean King 1972 A W W W
7 Australia Margaret Court (4) 1973 W W SF W
8 United States Martina Navratilova 1983 W 4R W W
9 United States Martina Navratilova (2) 1984 SF W W W
10 Germany Steffi Graf 1989 W F W W
11 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Monica Seles 1991 W W A W
12 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia/Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Monica Seles (2) 1992 W W F W
13 Germany Steffi Graf (2) 1993 F W W W
14 Germany Steffi Graf (3) 1995 A W W W
15 Germany Steffi Graf (4) 1996 A W W W
16 Switzerland Martina Hingis 1997 W F W W
17 United States Serena Williams 2002 A W W W
18 United States Serena Williams (2) 2015 W W W SF

Men's doubles

# Player(s) Year Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 France Jacques Brugnon 1928 W W W SF
2 United States John Van Ryn 1933 SF W W W
3 Australia Jack Crawford 1935 W W W UR
4 Australia John Bromwich 1950 W SF W W
5 Australia Ken McGregor 1952 W W W F
Australia Frank Sedgman
7 Australia Ken Rosewall 1953 W W W UR
Australia Lew Hoad
9 Australia Ken Rosewall (2) 1956 W A W W
Australia Lew Hoad (2) 1956 W F W W
11 Australia Tony Roche 1967 W W QF W
Australia John Newcombe
13 Australia John Newcombe (2) 1973 W W A W
14 Sweden Anders Järryd 1987 W W SF W
15 Sweden Anders Järryd (2) 1991 3R W W W
Australia John Fitzgerald
17 Netherlands Jacco Eltingh 1998 W W W A
18 United States Bob Bryan 2013 W W W SF
United States Mike Bryan
Note:UR=Unknown Result. Please help us find this information.

Women's doubles

# Player(s) Year Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 United States Margaret Osborne duPont 1946 A W W W
United States Louise Brough
3 United States Margaret Osborne duPont (2) 1949 A W W W
United States Louise Brough (2)
5 United States Louise Brough (3) 1950 W F W W
6 United States Doris Hart 1951 A W W W
United States Shirley Fry Irvin
8 United States Doris Hart (2) 1952 A W W W
United States Shirley Fry Irvin (2)
10 United States Doris Hart (3) 1953 A W W W
United States Shirley Fry Irvin (3)
12 United States Darlene Hard 1960 A W W W
13 Australia Lesley Turner Bowrey 1964 W W W F
14 Australia Nancy Richey 1966 W 2R W W
15 Netherlands Betty Stöve 1972 A W W W
16 Australia Margaret Court 1973 W W QF W
United Kingdom Virginia Wade
18 United States Martina Navratilova 1982 W W W SF
19 United States Martina Navratilova (2) 1983 W A W W
United States Pam Shriver
21 United States Martina Navratilova (2) 1986 NH W W W
22 United States Martina Navratilova (3) 1987 W W QF W
United States Pam Shriver (2)
24 Czech Republic Helena Suková 1990 W W W F
Czech Republic Jana Novotná
26 United States Gigi Fernández 1992 QF W W W
Belarus Natasha Zvereva 1992 SF W W W
28 United States Gigi Fernández (2) 1993 W W W SF
Belarus Natasha Zvereva (2)
30 United States Gigi Fernández (3) 1994 W W W SF
Belarus Natasha Zvereva (3)
32 Belarus Natasha Zvereva (4) 1997 W W W F
33 Czech Republic Jana Novotná (2) 1998 A W W W
34 Spain Virginia Ruano Pascual 2004 W W SF W
Argentina Paola Suárez
36 United States Serena Williams 2009 W 3R W W
United States Venus Williams

Mixed doubles

# Player(s) Year Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 South Africa Eric Sturgess 1949 A W W W
2 Australia Frank Sedgman 1951 A W W W
United States Doris Hart
4 Australia Frank Sedgman (2) 1952 A W W W
United States Doris Hart (2)
6 United States Vic Seixas 1953 A W W W
United States Doris Hart (3)
8 Australia Margaret Court 1964 W W F W
9 United States Billie Jean King 1967 A W W W
10 United States Marty Riessen 1969 W W QF W
Australia Margaret Court (2) 1969 W W SF W
12 South Africa Bob Hewitt 1979 NH W W W
13 United States Martina Navratilova 1985 NH W W W
14 Australia Mark Woodforde 1992 W W 3R W
15 Switzerland Martina Hingis 2015 W 2R W W
India Leander Paes

Boys' singles

# Player Year Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Australia Mark Kratzmann 1984 W F W W
2 Venezuela Nicolás Pereira 1988 A W W W
3 France Gaël Monfils 2004 W W W 3R

Girls' singles

# Player Year Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Soviet Union Natalia Zvereva 1987 UR W W W
2 Bulgaria Magdalena Maleeva 1990 W W QF W
Note:UR=Unknown Result. Please help us find this information.

Boys' doubles

# Player(s) Year Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Australia Mark Kratzmann 1983 UR W W W
Australia Simon Youl
3 Australia Jason Stoltenberg 1988 W W W UR
Australia Todd Woodbridge
5 Australia Ben Ellwood 1994 W UR W W
6 United States Brendan Evans 2004 W SF W W
United States Scott Oudsema
Note:UR=Unknown Result. Please help us find this information.

Girls' doubles

# Player(s) Year Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 United States Beth Herr 1982 UR W W W
2 United States Corina Morariu 1995 W W SF W
Czech Republic Ludmilla Varmuzova
4 Belarus Victoria Azarenka 2005 W W W QF
5 Russia Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova 2006 W W W F
6 Poland Urszula Radwańska 2007 F W W W
7 Hungary Tímea Babos 2010 F W W W
United States Sloane Stephens 2010 A W W W
9 United States Taylor Townsend 2012 W SF W W
10 Czech Republic Barbora Krejčíková 2013 F W W W
Czech Republic Kateřina Siniaková 2013 2R W W W
Note:UR=Unknown Result. Please help us find this information.

Men's wheelchair singles

# Player Year Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Japan Shingo Kunieda 2007 W W NH W
2 Japan Shingo Kunieda (2) 2009 W W NH W
3 Japan Shingo Kunieda (3) 2010 W W NH W
4 Japan Shingo Kunieda (4) 2014 W W NH W
5 Japan Shingo Kunieda (5) 2015 W W NH W

Women's wheelchair singles

# Player Year Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Netherlands Esther Vergeer 2007 W W NH W
2 Netherlands Esther Vergeer (2) 2009 W W NH W
3 Netherlands Esther Vergeer (3) 2011 W W NH W
4 Japan Yui Kamiji 2017 W W SF W
5 Netherlands Diede de Groot 2018 W F W W

Men's wheelchair doubles

# Player Year Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 France Stéphane Houdet 2009 SF W W W
2 Japan Shingo Kunieda 2013 W W W SF
3 Japan Shingo Kunieda (2) 2014 W SF W W
4 United Kingdom Gordon Reid 2017 W F W W

Women's wheelchair doubles

# Player Year Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Netherlands Esther Vergeer 2007 W W NH W
2 Japan Yui Kamiji 2016 W W W NH
3 Japan Yui Kamiji (2) 2018 W F W W
Netherlands Diede de Groot 2018 F W W W

Note 1: From 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was held in December as the last major of the calendar year. Note 2: Until 2016, Wimbledon have never hosted singles tournament for wheelchairs.[35] Note 3: Notwithstanding year when the US Open wheelchair events did not take place due to date clashes with the Paralympics.

Four major tournament finals in a year

Players who have played all the four Grand Slam tournaments in the same year.

Key
W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH
Men's singles
# Player Year Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 Australia Jack Crawford 1933 W W W F
2 United States Don Budge 1938 W W W W
3 Australia Lew Hoad 1956 W W W F
4 Australia Rod Laver 1962 W W W W
5 Australia Rod Laver (2) 1969 W W W W
6 Switzerland Roger Federer 2006 W F W W
7 Switzerland Roger Federer (2) 2007 W F W W
8 Switzerland Roger Federer (3) 2009 F W W F
9 Serbia Novak Djokovic 2015 W F W W
Women's singles
# Player Year Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
1 United States Maureen Connolly 1953 W W W W
2 Australia Margaret Court 1964 W F W W
3 Australia Margaret Court (2) 1970 W W W W
4 United States Chris Evert 1984 W F F F
5 United States Martina Navratilova 1985 W F W F
6 United States Martina Navratilova (2) 1987 F F W W
7 Germany Steffi Graf 1988 W W W W
8 Germany Steffi Graf (2) 1989 W F W W
9 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Monica Seles 1992 W W F W
10 Germany Steffi Graf (3) 1993 F W W W
11 Switzerland Martina Hingis 1997 W F W W
12 Belgium Justine Henin 2006 F W F F

Triple Crown

Winning singles, doubles and mixed doubles titles at one Grand Slam event is called a Triple Crown.[36][37][38] It has become a rare accomplishment in tennis. This is partly because the final match in all three disciplines often takes place concurrently in the same day if not in consecutive days. Doris Hart for example attained her first Triple Crown after playing three Wimbledon final matches held in one single day.

Notes:

  • This list excludes the 1909 triple crown of Jeanne Matthey and the 1920, 1921, 1922 and 1923 triple crown wins of Suzanne Lenglen. The French Championship tennis tournament at the time was a domestic competition not recognized as an international major. At the time the major clay court event (actual precursor of the French Open in its current international format) was the World Hard Court Championships, where Suzanne Lenglen also attained triple championship in 1921 and 1922.
  • Also the 1941 triple championship of Alice Weiwers is not listed due to its disputed official status: French championships held in Vichy France from 1941 to 1945 are currently not recognized by Fédération Française de Tennis.
Men
Total Player Year Triple champion of
3 times
United States Don Budge 1937 Wimbledon
1938 Wimbledon
1938 US Championships
2 times
United States Bill Tilden 1922 US Championships
1923 US Championships
Australia Frank Sedgman 1951 US Championships
1952 Wimbledon
Australia Neale Fraser 1959 US Championships
1960 US Championships
1 time
Australia Jack Hawkes 1926 Australian Championships
France Jean Borotra 1928 Australian Championships
Australia Jack Crawford 1932 Australian Championships
United States Bobby Riggs 1939 Wimbledon
United States Vic Seixas 1954 US Championships
Australia Ken Rosewall 1956 US Championships
Women
Total Player Year Triple champion of
5 times
France Suzanne Lenglen 1920 Wimbledon
1922 Wimbledon
1925 French Championships
1925 Wimbledon
1926 French Championships
Australia Margaret Court 1963 Australian Championships
1964 French Championships
1965 Australian Championships
1969 Australian Open
1970 US Open
4 times
United States Alice Marble 1938 US Championships
1939 Wimbledon
1939 US Championships
1940 US Championships
United States Doris Hart 1951 Wimbledon
1952 French Championships
1952 Wimbledon
1954 US Championships
3 times
United States Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman 1909 US Championships
1910 US Championships
1911 US Championships
United States Mary Browne 1912 US Championships
1913 US Championships
1914 US Championships
Australia Daphne Akhurst Cozens 1925 Australian Championships
1928 Australian Championships
1929 Australian Championships
Australia Nancye Wynne Bolton 1940 Australian Championships
1947 Australian Championships
1948 Australian Championships
United States Louise Brough Clapp 1947 US Championships
1948 Wimbledon
1950 Wimbledon
United States Billie Jean King 1967 Wimbledon
1967 US Championships
1973 Wimbledon
2 times
Ireland Mabel Cahill 1891 US Championships
1892 US Championships
United States Helen Wills Moody 1924 US Championships
1928 US Championships
1 time
United States Juliette Atkinson 1895 US Championships
Norway Molla Bjurstedt Mallory 1917 US Championships
United States Helen Jacobs 1934 US Championships
France Simonne Mathieu 1938 French Championships
United States Sarah Palfrey Cooke 1941 US Championships
United States Margaret Osborne duPont 1950 US Championships
Australia Thelma Coyne Long 1952 Australian Championships
United States Maureen Connolly 1954 French Championships
United States Martina Navratilova 1987 US Open

Boxed Set

Another Grand Slam-related accomplishment is winning a "boxed set" of Grand Slam titles – which is at least one of every possible type of major championship available to a player: the singles, doubles, and mixed doubles at all four Grand Slam events of the year. This has never been accomplished within a year or consecutively across two calendar years.

Career Boxed Set

The Career Boxed Set refers to winning one of every possible grand slam title (singles, doubles, mixed) over the course of an entire career. No male player has completed this, although Frank Sedgman only missed out on the French Open singles title. Men who participate in top/elite level singles have played comparatively few doubles, and very few mixed doubles. So far, only three women have completed the boxed set during their careers:

  • The event at which the boxed set was achieved indicated in bold below
Boxed Sets Player Age Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
Singles Doubles Mixed Singles Doubles Mixed Singles Doubles Mixed Singles Doubles Mixed
2
Australia Margaret Court 22 1960 1961 1963 1962 1964 1963 1963 1964 1963 1962 1963 1961
29 1961 1962 1964 1964 1965 1964 1965 1969 1965 1965 1968 1962
1
United States Doris Hart 29 1949 1950 1949 1950 1948 1951 1951 1947 1951 1954 1951 1951
United States Martina Navratilova 46 1981 1980 2003 1982 1975 1974 1978 1976 1985 1983 1977 1985

Court is not only unique in having two boxed sets, but is also unique in the timing of her accomplishments. Her first boxed set was completed before the start of the open era, and she has a boxed set achieved solely within the open era:

Player Age Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
Singles Doubles Mixed Singles Doubles Mixed Singles Doubles Mixed Singles Doubles Mixed
Australia Margaret Court 31 1969 1969 1969 1969 1973 1969 1970 1969 1968 1969 1968 1969

Martina Hingis was the most recent player to be one title away from joining this elite group. She only needed the French Open singles, having reached the final in 1997 and 1999.[39] Prior to Hingis, it was Billie Jean King who came close at completing a career boxed set. She only needed the Australian Open women's doubles title, having reached the final in 1965 and 1969.

Multiple Career Grand Slams

Of the many players who have managed to win a full set of four majors, there is a small number who have gone on to win all four majors a second or more times. The completion of "Multiple Career Grand Slams" or sometimes called "multiple slam sets" (MSS) has been achieved by only 22 unique players up to the end of the 2015 Wimbledon. MSS players can be found in each of the five tennis disciplines: men's or women's singles, men's or women's doubles, mixed doubles. It can also be found in women's wheelchair doubles. Of these, five players have completed MSS in more than one discipline: Roy Emerson, Martina Navratilova, Frank Sedgman and Serena Williams have MSS in two disciplines, Margaret Court has MSS in three disciplines.

By discipline (numbers of players and table entries)

  • Men's Singles (2 people; 2 entries)
  • Women's Singles (5 people; 9 entries)
  • Men's Doubles (8 people; 10 entries)
  • Women's Doubles (9 people; 17 entries)
  • Mixed Doubles (4 people, 6 entries)
  • Men's Wheelchair Doubles (2 people; 3 entries)[c]
  • Women's Wheelchair Doubles (3 people; 4 entries)[c]

Men's singles

Nº of Slam sets Name Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
2 Australia Roy Emerson 1 1961 1963 1964 1961
2 1963 1967 1965 1964
2 Australia Rod Laver 1 1960 1962 1961 1962
2 1962 1969 1962 1969

Women's singles

Nº of Slam sets Name Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
4 West Germany/Germany Steffi Graf 1 1988 1987 1988 1988
2 1989 1988 1989 1989
3 1990 1993 1991 1993
4 1994 1995 1992 1995
3 Australia Margaret Court 1 1960 1962 1963 1962
2 1961 1964 1965 1965
3 1962 1969 1970 1969
3 United States Serena Williams 1 2003 2002 2002 1999
2 2005 2013 2003 2002
3 2007 2015 2009 2008
2 United States Martina Navratilova 1 1981 1982 1978 1983
2 1983 1984 1979 1984
2 United States Chris Evert 1 1982 1974 1974 1975
2 1984 1975 1976 1976

Men's doubles

Individual

Nº of Slam sets Name Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
3 Australia Roy Emerson 1 1962 1960 1959 1959
2 1966 1961 1961 1960
3 1969 1962 1971 1965
3 Australia John Newcombe 1 1965 1967 1965 1967
2 1967 1969 1966 1971
3 1971 1973 1968 1973
2 Australia Frank Sedgman 1 1951 1951 1948 1950
2 1952 1952 1951 1951
2 Australia Neale Fraser 1 1957 1958 1959 1957
2 1958 1960 1961 1960
2 Australia Fred Stolle 1 1963 1965 1962 1965
2 1964 1968 1964 1966
2 Australia Ken Rosewall 1 1953 1953 1953 1956
2 1956 1968 1956 1969
2 United States Bob Bryan 1 2006 2003 2006 2005
2 2007 2013 2011 2008
2 United States Mike Bryan 1 2006 2003 2006 2005
2 2007 2013 2011 2008

Teams

Nº of Slam sets Name Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
2 United States Bryan brothers
(Bob Bryan
Mike Bryan)
1 2006 2003 2006 2005
2 2007 2013 2011 2008

Women's doubles

Individual

Nº of Slam sets Name Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
7 Czechoslovakia/United States Martina Navratilova 1 1980 1975 1976 1977
2 1982 1982 1979 1978
3 1983 1984 1981 1980
4 1984 1985 1982 1983
5 1985 1986 1983 1984
6 1987 1987 1984 1986
7 1988 1988 1986 1987
4 United States Pam Shriver 1 1982 1984 1981 1983
2 1983 1985 1982 1984
3 1984 1987 1983 1986
4 1985 1988 1984 1987
3 Soviet Union/Belarus Natasha Zvereva 1 1993 1989 1991 1991
2 1994 1992 1992 1992
3 1997 1993 1993 1995
2 Australia Margaret Court 1 1961 1964 1964 1963
2 1962 1965 1969 1968
2 United States Gigi Fernández 1 1993 1991 1992 1988
2 1994 1992 1993 1990
2 Czechoslovakia/Czech Republic Jana Novotná 1 1990 1990 1989 1994
2 1995 1991 1990 1997
2 United States Serena Williams 1 2001 1999 2000 1999
2 2003 2010 2002 2009
2 United States Venus Williams 1 2001 1999 2000 1999
2 2003 2010 2002 2009
2 Switzerland Martina Hingis 1 1997 1998 1996 1998
2 1998 2000 1998 2015

Teams

Nº of Slam sets Name Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
4 Czechoslovakia/United States Martina Navratilova
United States Pam Shriver
1 1982 1984 1981 1983
2 1983 1985 1982 1984
3 1984 1987 1983 1986
4 1985 1988 1984 1987
2 United States Gigi Fernández
Soviet Union/Belarus Natasha Zvereva
1 1993 1992 1992 1992
2 1994 1993 1993 1995
2 United States Williams sisters
(Serena Williams
Venus Williams)
1 2001 1999 2000 1999
2 2003 2010 2002 2009

Mixed doubles

Individual

Nº of Slam sets Name Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
4 Australia Margaret Court 1 1963 1963 1963 1961
2 1964 1964 1965 1962
3 1965 1965 1966 1963
4 1969 1969 1968 1964
2 United States Doris Hart 1 1949 1951 1951 1951
2 1950 1952 1952 1952
2 Australia Frank Sedgman 1 1949 1951 1951 1951
2 1950 1952 1952 1952
2 India Mahesh Bhupathi 1 2006 1997 2002 1999
2 2009 2012 2005 2005

Teams

Nº of Slam sets Name Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
2 United States Doris Hart
Australia Frank Sedgman
1 1949 1951 1951 1951
2 1950 1952 1952 1952

Men's wheelchair doubles

Nº of Slam sets Name Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
3  Stéphane Houdet (FRA) 1 2010 2007 2009 2009
2 2014 2009 2013 2011
3 2015 2010 2014 2014
2  Shingo Kunieda (JPN) 1 2007 2008 2006 2007
2 2008 2010 2013 2014

Women's wheelchair doubles

Individual

Nº of Slam sets Name Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
3  Esther Vergeer (NED) 1 2004 2007 2009 2005
2 2006 2008 2010 2006
3 2007 2009 2011 2007
2  Jiske Griffioen (NED) 1 2006 2008 2012 2006
2 2007 2013 2013 2007
2  Aniek van Koot (NED) 1 2010 2013 2012 2013
2 2013 2015 2013 2015
2  Yui Kamiji (JPN) 1 2014 2014 2014 2014
2 2015 2016 2015 2018

Teams

Nº of Slam sets Name Slam set # Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open
2  Aniek van Koot (NED)
 Jiske Griffioen (NED)
1 2013 2013 2012 2013
2 2017 2015 2013 2015

Pro Slam

Before the Open Era began in 1968, only amateur players were allowed to compete in the four majors. Many male top players "went pro" in order to win prize money legally, competing on a professional world tour comprising completely different events.[40] From 1927 through 1967, the three oldest pro events were considered "majors" of the pro tour: the U.S. Pro Tennis Championships, French Pro Championship and Wembley Championships.[41][42] A player who won all three in a calendar year was considered to achieve a "Professional Grand Slam", or "Pro Slam".[41][42] The feat was accomplished twice:

Australia Ken Rosewall in 1963;[43]
Australia Rod Laver in 1967.[44]

Three other players won those three major trophies during their pro careers: Ellsworth Vines, Hans Nüsslein and Don Budge. The pro slams did not have a women's draw.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The Australian Open is played on Plexicushion while the US Open is played on DecoTurf.
  2. ^ In 1977 to 1985, the Australian Open was the last event held, rather than the first.
  3. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference usopen_paralympics was invoked but never defined (see the help page).

References

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  2. ^ "Grand Slam – Overview". International Tennis Federation (ITF). Retrieved 22 August 2018.
  3. ^ "Overview". ITFTennis.com. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  4. ^ "Sport and the Media: Managing the Nexus". Google Books. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2017.
  5. ^ USOpen.org. Archived 1 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Grandslamhistory.com "STATS". Grand Slam History Reference Book (grandslamhistory.com). Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  7. ^ Crowe, Jerry (22 May 1994). LA Times "Return to Grand Slam Glory: Rod Laver Was the Last Man to Sweep Four Major Titles and Thinks It Can Be Done Again". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  8. ^ "Slam". Online Etymological Dictionary (etymonline.com). Douglas Harper. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
  9. ^ Martin, John (12 September 2017). "Writings Offer Encyclopedic Insight on Winners of Grand Slams." The New York Times p. SP8. Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  10. ^ Gould, Alan (18 July 1933). "Sports Slants: {subsection} Tennis 'Grand Slam' ". The Reading Eagle (Reading, Pennsylvania). p. 10. Retrieved 7 March 2014.
  11. ^ "(6) 1912–1914: The first World Clay Court Championships". Histoire du tennis: La légende du grand chelem (www.histoiredutennis.com). 30 April 2001. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
  12. ^ Robertson, Max (1974). The Encyclopedia of Tennis. The Viking Press. p. 33. ISBN 067029408X.
  13. ^ Bonnie DeSimoneArchive (26 May 2007). "Chris Evert owned Roland Garros like no other". Sports.espn.go.com. Retrieved 20 April 2012.
  14. ^ "Milton Tennis Centre". Australian Stadiums. Archived from the original on 17 January 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2008.
  15. ^ Nikki Tugwell (14 January 2008). "Hewitt chases amazing slam win". The Daily Telegraph. news.com.au. Archived from the original on 1 February 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2008.
  16. ^ Fein, Paul. Tennis Confidential (2002). 218.
  17. ^ a b Amdur, Neil. (17 August 1982). "Leave Grand Slam of Tennis Alone" The New York Times Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  18. ^ Fein, Paul. Tennis Confidential (2002). 221.
  19. ^ Vecsey, George. (11 September 1988). "A Champion For All Seasons" The New York Times Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  20. ^ Newman, Paul. (13 January 2011). "Nadal: 'This will be my only shot at doing the Grand Slam'" The Independent Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  21. ^ ITF Constitution landing page. Full text of the Memorandum, Articles of Association and Bye-laws of ITF LIMITED.
  22. ^ Stratte-McClure, Joel (25 June 1984). "Martina Navratilova Takes the Grand Slam and Nets a Cool Million While She's at It". People. Retrieved 29 July 2009.
  23. ^ Kirkpatrick, Curry. (18 June 1984). "Worthy of Really High Fives" Sports Illustrated Retrieved 14 December 2016.
  24. ^ Tandon, Kamakshi (5 January 2009). "Gold Standard: Graf mints Golden Slam in 1988". TENNIS (tennis.com). Archived from the original on 14 August 2009. Retrieved 26 June 2009.
  25. ^ "Guinness world records". Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  26. ^ "Steffi Graf: The Queen Returns to Centre Court – Golden Grand Slam definition". Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  27. ^ Cronin, Matt (2 July 2013). "Bryan Twins on Verge of Golden Slam". 10sBalls.com. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  28. ^ Gibson, Owen (6 July 2013). "Bob and Mike Bryan complete the 'Golden Bryan Slam' at Wimbledon". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
  29. ^ "#7: Andre Agassi". Sports Illustrated. Photo Gallery: Top 10 Men's Tennis Players of All Time. p. 4. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  30. ^ Kay, Dimitri (22 November 2010). "Rafael Nadal Will Bid To Emulate Andre Agassi at the World Tour Finals". Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  31. ^ Nelson, Murry R., ed. (2013). American Sports: A History of Icons, Idols, and Ideas. Greenwood Press. p. 26. ISBN 9780313397523.
  32. ^ Vecsey, George (11 September 1988). "Sports of The Times; A Champion For All Seasons". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 May 2012.
  33. ^ "Wimbledon announces Wheelchair Tennis Singles events from 2016". www.wimbledon.com. AELTC. 12 July 2015.
  34. ^ Jimmy Connors at the Association of Tennis Professionals. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  35. ^ "Wimbledon announces Wheelchair Tennis Singles events from 2016". www.wimbledon.com. AELTC. 12 July 2015.
  36. ^ "US Open – The Unbelievable, Unbreakable Records". Archived from the original on 18 June 2014. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  37. ^ "Martina Navratilova". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  38. ^ "40 Important Women's Moments: 1987, Martina's Triple Crown". Retrieved 17 June 2014.
  39. ^ "Hingis and Paes complete career mixed slam". rolandgarros.com. Fédération Française de Tennis (FFT). 3 June 2016.
  40. ^ Robertson, Max (1974). Encyclopedia of Tennis. pp. 60–71.
  41. ^ a b Geist, Robert (1999). Ken Rosewall: Der Grosse Meister. Austria. p. 137.
  42. ^ a b Lee, Raymond (September 2007). "Greatest Player of All Time: A Statistical Analysis". Tennis Week Magazine.
  43. ^ Craig, Hunt. "Legends of the game # 3 – Ken Rosewall". Tennis Sydney. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
  44. ^ Anderson, Dave (30 August 2009). "The Greatest? Don't Forget Laver's Lost Years". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 April 2014.

External links

Andrea Strnadová

Andrea Strnadová is a retired tennis player from the Czech Republic born on 28 May 1972.

Strnadová was awarded the WTA award for the "Most Impressive Newcomer" in 1991.

Beth Herr

Beth Herr (born May 28, 1964) is an American tennis player from Centerville, Ohio, who won four Junior Grand Slam Titles, the NCAA Singles and Team Titles and 11 professional tennis tournaments. In her home state of Ohio, she was a two-time high school Singles State Champion (80-81). Her NCAA singles champion came in 1983.

Cara Black

Cara Black (born 17 February 1979) is a professional tennis player from Zimbabwe. She is primarily a doubles specialist, winning 60 WTA and 11 ITF titles in that discipline. A former no. 1 ranked women's doubles player in the WTA Rankings, she has won ten Grand Slam titles in women's doubles and mixed doubles combined. By winning the mixed doubles title at the 2010 Australian Open, Black became the third woman in the Open Era to complete a Career Grand Slam in mixed doubles (after Martina Navratilova and Daniela Hantuchová). Having won one singles title on tour, she also peaked at no. 31 in the singles rankings in March 1999.

Gabriela Sabatini

Gabriela Beatriz Sabatini (Spanish pronunciation: [gaˈβɾjela saβaˈtini]; born 16 May 1970) is an Argentine former professional tennis player. She was one of the leading players on the women's circuit in the late-1980s and early-1990s. She won one women's grand slam singles title at the US Open in 1990, the women's grand slam doubles title at Wimbledon in 1988, two WTA Finals in 1988 and 1994, and a silver medal at the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul.

Sabatini also won most of the highest level regular events on the women's tour including Miami and Rome (four times). In the late 1980s, Sabatini launched a line of fragrances after partnering with the German perfume company Muelhens. Her signature scent debuted in 1989.

Horace Rice

Horace "Horrie" Rice (1872 – 1950) was an Australian tennis player.

The left-handed Rice, who played in knickerbockers and long black socks, won the Men's Singles title at the 1907 Australasian Championships, beating Harry Parker in the final. He was also runner-up 3 times (in 1910, 1911 and 1915). He won the Men's Doubles title at the 1915 Championships, partnering Clarence Todd.

Ilana Kloss

Ilana Sheryl Kloss (born 22 March 1956) is a former professional tennis player, tennis coach, and commissioner of World TeamTennis, since 2001. She was the World's No. 1 ranked Doubles player in 1976, World No. 19 in singles in 1979.

Jenny Byrne

Jenny Byrne (born 25 February 1967) is a former professional tennis player from Australia who turned professional in 1987 and retired from the tour in 1997. Her career-high world rankings were World No. 45 in singles (in 1989) and World No. 27 in doubles (in 1988). Her career prize money totalled US$515,140.

Byrne finished runner-up in the Mixed Doubles competition at Wimbledon in 1989, partnering Mark Kratzmann. In 1992, she won the Women's Tennis Association's 'Comeback Player of the Year' award. As a junior player, Byrne won the Girls' Singles title at the Australian Open and finished runner-up in the Girls' Singles at Wimbledon in 1985.

Juliette Atkinson

Juliette Paxton Atkinson Buxton (née Atkinson; April 15, 1873 – January 12, 1944) was an American tennis player. She was born in Rahway, New Jersey, United States.

Kerry Melville

Kerry Melville Reid, , (née Melville; born 7 August 1947) is a former professional tennis player from Australia. During her 17-year career, Reid won one Grand Slam singles title and 26 other singles titles and was the runner-up in 40 singles tournaments. Reid was included in the year-end world top ten rankings for 12 consecutive years (1968–1979). She won at least one tournament annually from 1966 through 1979, except for 1975. Her career-high ranking was World No. 5 in 1971, behind Margaret Court, Billie Jean King, Evonne Goolagong, and Rosie Casals.

List of Grand Slam men's singles champions

This article details the list of men's singles Grand Slam tournaments tennis champions. Some major changes have taken place in history and have affected the number of titles that have been won by various players. These have included the opening of the French national championships to international players in 1925, the elimination of the challenge round in 1922, and the admission of professional players in 1968 (the start of the Open era).Note: All of these tournaments have been listed since they began, rather than when they officially became majors. The Australian and US tournaments have only been officially regarded as majors by the ILTF (now the ITF) since 1924 (though many regarded the US Championships as a major before then). The French Championships have only been a major since 1925 (when it became open to all amateurs internationally).

Before 1924 (since 1912/1913 to 1923) there were 3 official majors: Wimbledon, the World Hard Court Championships (played on clay) and the World Covered Court Championships (played on an indoor wood surface).

Mabel Cahill

Mabel Esmonde Cahill (1863–1905) was an Irish female tennis player, active in the late 19th century, and was the first foreign woman to win a major tennis tournament when she won the 1891 US National Championships.

Mary Browne

Mary Kendall Browne (June 3, 1891 – August 19, 1971) was an American professional tennis player and an amateur golfer. She was born in Ventura County, California, United States.

Nathalie Dechy

Nathalie Dechy (born 21 February 1979) is a former professional tour tennis player from France.

Dechy is a three-time doubles Grand Slam champion, winning the 2006 US Open women's doubles title with Vera Zvonareva, the 2007 French Open mixed doubles title with Andy Ram, and the 2007 US Open women's doubles title with Dinara Safina. Her biggest singles achievement is reaching the semifinals of the 2005 Australian Open.

At the 2008 Wimbledon Championships, she faced World No. 1 and reigning French Open champion Ana Ivanovic. She had a match point during the second before losing 6–7, 7–6, 10–8.

Nicole Pratt

Nicole Pratt (born 5 March 1973) is a retired professional female tennis player from Australia.

Pratt was born in Mackay, Queensland. She is the middle sibling of five children of cane farmers and was taught to play by her father, George, who was a top junior player. She attended school in Calen and received a tennis scholarship to the Australian Institute of Sport in Canberra. She turned professional at 18.

She became Australia's No. 1 ranked female player in January 2001. She won her first WTA Title at the Hyderabad Open and reached the third round of the Australian Open in 2004.

In August 2006, at age 33, Pratt reached her first ever Tier I quarterfinal at Toronto. Soon after this she rose back up into the top 100. During 2007 she was drafted by the Boston Lobsters of the WTT pro league.

At the 2008 Australian Open, after losing her first match to Nadia Petrova, a tearful Pratt announced her retirement from professional tennis. She coached Australian female player, Casey Dellacqua. After the 2009 Australian Open, Nicole Pratt and Casey Dellacqua decided to go different ways.

Patricia Tarabini

Patricia Tarabini (born 6 August 1968) is an Argentine former tennis player. Tarabini represented her country and won the bronze Olympic medal at the 2004 Athens games, with Paola Suárez, where they lost 7–9 in the third set to eventual gold medalists from China, Sun Tiantian and Li Ting. On May 9, 1988, Patricia reached her highest singles ranking; world number 29. Tarabini's highest doubles ranking was world number 12, which she achieved on August 17, 1998. Patricia turned pro in 1986, and won a total of 15 top-level doubles titles in her career. She is the 1996 French Open mixed doubles champion, which she won with Javier Frana.

Patty Fendick

Patty Fendick (born March 31, 1965) is a former professional women's tennis player and is the former women's tennis program head coach at University of Texas.

She was born on March 31, 1965 in Sacramento, California and played at the collegiate level at Stanford University, where the team won the NCAA team title three times. In 1987, she was named ITA player of the year, when on the Stanford tennis team she had a 57-match winning streak. She won two NCAA Singles Titles in 1986 and 1987. Her playing accomplishments, as a collegiate and professional player, has elevated her being inducted into the Stanford Hall of Fame and also recognized as the Most Outstanding Student-Athlete of the first 25 years of NCAA women's tennis. She remains active in the sport of tennis as a coach and by serving on numerous committees with ITA and USTA.

Fendick was previously a tennis coach with the Washington Huskies.

Renáta Tomanová

Renáta Tomanová (born 9 December 1954) is a former professional tennis player from Czechoslovakia.

Robin White (tennis)

Robin White (born December 10, 1963) is a former professional tennis player from the United States.

White played on the WTA Tour from 1983 to 1995. She won two singles titles: in Hershey, Pennsylvania in 1985 and in Auckland in 1992. The highlight of her career was her victory with Gigi Fernández in the US Open women's doubles in 1988. She won 11 other doubles titles, including the US Open mixed doubles in 1989 with Shelby Cannon. She was a finalist in the Australian Open mixed doubles in 1991 and reached the final of the women's doubles in 1994 with Katerina Maleeva.

White's singles record includes wins over Pam Shriver, Hana Mandlíková and Gabriela Sabatini. Her highest rankings were world No. 15 for singles and No. 8 for doubles. She currently is a full-time national coach for women's tennis for the USTA.

Thelma Coyne Long

Thelma Dorothy Coyne Long (née Coyne; 14 October 1918 – 13 April 2015) was an Australian tennis player and one of the female players who dominated Australian tennis from the mid-1930s to the 1950s. During her career she won 19 Grand Slam tournament titles. In 2013 Long was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame.

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