Gran Canaria

Gran Canaria (UK: /ˌɡræn kəˈnɛəriə, -ˈnɑːr-/, US: /ˌɡrɑːn kəˈnɑːriə, -ˈnɛər-/;[2][3] Spanish pronunciation: [ɡɾaŋ kaˈnaɾja] meaning "Great [Island] of Dogs") is the second most populous of the Canary Islands, an archipelago off the Atlantic coast of Northwest Africa which is part of Spain. As of 2018 the island had a population of 846,717 that constitutes approximately 40% of the population of the archipelago.

Gran Canaria is located in the Atlantic Ocean about 150 kilometres (93 mi) off the northwestern coast of Africa and about 1,350 km (840 mi) from Europe.[4] With an area of 1,560 km2 (602 sq. mi)[5] and an altitude of 1,956 m (6,417 ft)[6] at the Pico de las Nieves, Gran Canaria is the third largest island of the archipelago in both area and altitude. Gran Canaria is also the third most populated island in Spain after Tenerife and Mallorca.[7]

Gran Canaria
Collage Gran Canaria
Top left: Maspalomas Dunes, Top right: Alfredo Kraus Audiorium, Middle left: Parque rural del Nublo (Nublo Rural Park), Middle right: Matriz Santiago de Los Caballero Church, Bottom left: Arucas Church, Bottom right: Casa Museo del Tomas Morales (The House Museum of Thomas Morales)
Spain Canary Islands location map Gran Canaria
LocationAtlantic Ocean
Coordinates27°58′N 15°36′W / 27.967°N 15.600°WCoordinates: 27°58′N 15°36′W / 27.967°N 15.600°W
Area1,560 km2 (600 sq mi)
Highest elevation1,949 m (6,394 ft)
Highest pointPico de Las Nieves
Autonomous CommunityCanary Islands
ProvinceLas Palmas
Largest settlementLas Palmas (pop. 383,308)
Population846,717[1] (2018)
Pop. density543 /km2 (1,406 /sq mi)
Flag of Gran Canaria
Flag of Gran Canaria.


In Ancient History, Gran Canaria was populated by the North African Canarii, who may have arrived as early as 500 BC. The Canarii called the island Tamarán ("Land of the Brave").

In the Medieval period, after over a century of European incursions and attempts at conquest, the island was conquered on April 29, 1483 by the Crown of Castile, under Queen Isabella I. The conquest succeeded after a campaign that lasted five years, and it was an important step towards the expansion of the unified Spain.

The capital city of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria was founded on June 24, 1478, under the name "Real de Las Palmas", by Juan Rejón, head of the invading Castilian army. In 1492, Christopher Columbus anchored in the Port of Las Palmas (and spent some time on the island) on his first trip to the Americas. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria is, jointly with Santa Cruz de Tenerife, the capital of the autonomous community of the Canary Islands.


Topography of Gran Canaria
Gran Canaria 3D version1
Gran Canaria 3D

Gran Canaria is located southeast of Tenerife and west of Fuerteventura. The island is of volcanic origin, mostly made of fissure vents. Gran Canaria's surface area is 1,560 km² and its maximum elevation is 1,949 metres (Pico de Las Nieves). It has a round shape, with a diameter of approximately 50 km.


About 80% of the volume of the island was formed during the Miocene period eruptions, between 14 and 9 million years ago. This is called the "Old Cycle" and is estimated to have lasted some 200,000 years and have emitted about 1000 km3, mostly of fissural alkali basalt. This cycle continued with the emission of trachytes, phonolites and peralkaline rocks. This period was followed by one of erosion, which lasted some 4 million years.[8]

A second cycle of volcanic eruptions, known as the "Roque Nublo cycle", took place between 4.5 and 3.4 million years ago. This shorter cycle emitted about 100 km3. Most of the inland peaks were formed by erosion from these materials. This period also started with fissural basalts, but ended with violent eruptions of pyroclastic flows. Some phonolitic features, like the Risco Blanco, were also formed in its last stages.[8]

The third or recent cycle is held to have started some 2.8 million years ago and is considered to be still active. The last eruptions are held to have occurred some 3500 years ago.[8]

The changes in volume and, therefore, weight of the island have also caused the island to rise above the previous sea level during erosive periods and to sink during eruptive periods. Some of these "fossil beaches" can be seen in the cliff faces of the more eroded northern coast.[9]

Nature of Gran Canaria 2016 03

Nature of Gran Canaria along the eastern shore in 2016

Nature of Gran Canaria 2016 1

Nature of Gran Canaria along the southeastern shore in 2016


Until the conquest, Gran Canaria had extensive forests, but then suffered extensive deforestation[10] as a result of continuous logging, land divisions and other intensive uses. This reduced the forest cover to just 56,000 hectares,[10] making the island the most deforested of the Canary Islands.[11] However, in the twentieth century reforestation of the ridge of the island was begun, recovering some of the lost forest mass. Much of the summit of the island is forested mostly due to reforestation.[10]


Municipios y zonas de Gran Canaria
Municipalities of Gran Canaria

Gran Canaria is in the autonomous community of the Canary Islands (Islas Canarias). It lies within the Province of Las Palmas, a Spanish province which consists of the eastern part of the Canary Islands community. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria is the provincial capital, one of the two capitals of the Canary Islands along with Santa Cruz de Tenerife.[12]

The island of Gran Canaria is governed by the Cabildo insular de Gran Canaria.[13] Gran Canaria itself is divided into twenty-one smaller municipalities:[12]

Name Area
Agaete 45.50 5,202 5,735 5,573
Agüimes 79.28 20,124 29,641 31,152
Artenara 66.70 1,319 1,252 1,090
Arucas 33.01 32,466 36,771 37,691
Firgas 15.77 6,865 7,606 7,491
Gáldar 61.59 22,154 24,358 24,209
Ingenio 38.15 24,439 30,022 30,831
Mogán 172.44 12,444 22,847 19,657
Moya 31.87 8,137 8,043 7,728
La Aldea de San Nicolás 123.58 7,668 8,522 7,608
Las Palmas de Gran Canaria 100.55 354,863 381,271 378,517
San Bartolomé de Tirajana 333.13 34,515 53,440 53,588
Santa Brígida 23.81 17,598 18,878 18,314
Santa Lucía de Tirajana 61.56 47,652 66,725 71,863
Santa María de Guía de Gran Canaria 42.59 13,893 14,149 13,924
Tejeda 103.30 2,400 2,136 1,921
Telde 102.43 87,949 101,080 102,424
Teror 25.70 12,042 12,857 12,449
Valleseco 22.11 3,949 3,896 3,784
Valsequillo de Gran Canaria 39.15 7,964 9,118 9,278
Vega de San Mateo 37.89 6,979 7,737 7,625
Totals 1,560.11 730,622 846,084 846,717

The island has a population of 846,717 with 378,628 (year 2018) of those in the capital city of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. Gran Canaria is the second most populous island of the Canary Islands, after Tenerife.[17]



Gran Canaria GC-1 Bridge over Barranco de Tauro 9558
Autopistas in Gran Canaria provide rapid road transport around the coast
Guaguas Gran Canaria Sur (30956433245)
A Gran Canaria bus
Gran Canaria Airport 2015-12-16 a
Gran Canaria Airport
Agaete, Gran Canaria D81 8134 (32250537964)
The Tenerife catamaran ferry

Gran Canaria has roads encircling the whole island and extending into the mountain areas. In the late 20th century, its motorways, among the first in the Canary Islands, were opened and run around Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, and were later extended to the north coast and the airport and subsequently to the south coast in response to increased tourist traffic. The high-speed motorways are GC1, GC2, and GC31, and dual carriageways GC4 and GC5. The western and the north-western parts, with the fewest inhabitants, are linked only with main roads.


Public transport around Gran Canaria is provided by an extensive bus network, known in the local dialect as guaguas. The Autoridad Única del Transporte de Gran Canaria (Gran Canaria Transport Authority, TGC) manages the network and operates a number of bus stations across the island, including San Telmo and Santa Catalina bus stations in Las Palmas, Maspalomas and Galdar.[18] Bus tickets may be purchased with cash, and AUTGC also operates a contactless electronic ticket called the TransGC Card, which is valid across the whole network.[19]

Inter-urban bus services across the island are operated by the Global bus company.[20][21] Global was created in 2000 after the merger of two bus companies, Utinsa (which operated in the north of the island) and Salcai (the bus operator for the south).[22] Local bus services in Las Palmas are run by the municipal bus company, Guaguas Municipales de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria.[23]


Gran Canaria Airport (IATA: LPA) is the only commercial airport on the island. The large number of aircraft and passengers passing through it each year make it one of the busiest in Spain. Gran Canaria is also responsible for all air traffic control in the Canaries.

Sea ports

The most important ports in the island are the Port of Las Palmas (Puerto de la Luz), in the city of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria; Arguineguín, which exports cement from a large factory; and Arinaga, located in the main industrial zone of Canaries and one of the major ones of Spain.

The main passenger ports are the Port of La Luz, where Trasmediterránea operates a weekly ferry route to Cadiz on the Spanish mainland,[24] and the Port of Las Nieves, located in Agaete on the west side of the island, where Fred Olsen Express operates a catamaran ferry service to Santa Cruz de Tenerife.[25]


Plans for a Tren de Gran Canaria railway network linking the capital with the south have been approved by both the Gran Canaria Cabildo and the autonomous Canary Islands' Government, though the discussion with the central Spanish Government hinges now on budget. The planned 57 km railway line would run between Las Palmas and Meloneras, with the section in the capital running entirely underground as far as the suburb of Jinámar. The line is planned to have 11 stations, including an underground station at Gran Canaria Airport. The scheme was first announced in 2009, with a planned operational date in 2015. A public company called Ferrocarriles de Gran Canaria has been formed by the Cabildo's Gran Canaria Transport Authority. Plans were still being discussed in 2018.[26][27]


According to the Koppen Climate Classification, Gran Canaria is considered to have a desert climate (Bwh) due to its consistent warm temperatures and severe lack of precipitation. Gran Canaria is noted for its rich variety of microclimates. Generally speaking though, the average daytime high ranges from 20 °C (68 °F) in winter, to 26 °C (79 °F) in summer. Some cool nights occur in winter, but lows below 10 °C (50 °F) are unknown near the coast. Inland the climate is still mild but mountainous areas see the occasional frost or snow. Annual rainfall averages 228 mm (9.0 in), most of this falling in the cooler months, with July, August and September normally rainless. Rainfall is unevenly distributed through the island with some areas being much drier than others. Cloud cover and sunshine is often quite variable during the cooler months, and there can be several rather cloudy days at times in winter. Summers are generally quite sunny however, with the south of the island being most favoured.


Gran Canaria agriculture is unique among the Canaries islands in that it was traditionally dominated by plantations, with much of these being grains as well as sugarcane, rather than by stock-breeding.[30] The caves of Valerón (a property of cultural interest in the "archaeological site" category) in the municipality of Santa María de Guía bears testimony of it by being the largest pre-Hispanic collective granary of the Canaries.


Lighthouse Maspalomas
Maspalomas Lighthouse at the southern end of the island.
Roque Nublo in the interior of the island

This island is called a "Miniature Continent" due to the different climates and variety of landscapes found, with long beaches and dunes of white sand, contrasting with green ravines and picturesque villages.[31] A third of the island is under protection as a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO.

The number of annual visitors was 3.6 million in 2014 (of which 450.000 Spaniards).[32] Most of the tourists visit the southern part of the island. The north tends to be cooler, while the south is warmer and sunny. The east coast of the island is flat, dotted with beaches, while the western coast is rockier and mountainous.

The island possesses 32 Natural Protected Spaces,[33] notably the Rural Park of Nublo, The Doramas Jungle, the Azuaje Ravine, Tamadaba, Pino Santo, etc.

In the south there is a large bird park, Palmitos Park, as well as many beach resort communities. Resorts are concentrated in the central eastern part of the southern coast in the Maspalomas area, which includes the towns of San Agustín, Playa del Inglés and Meloneras. The Maspalomas Dunes are located between Playa del Inglés ("The Englishman's Beach") and the distinctive 19th century Maspalomas lighthouse. Playa del Ingles is home to the Yumbo Centre,[34] which was opened in 1982 and has almost 200 shops, including bars, restaurants, cafes, fashion boutiques, electronic outlets and jewellery stores.

In Tarajalillo, an Aeroclub exists from where tourist flights can be taken over the island.

Still further to the west along the southern shore, in the Municipality of Mogán, are the communities of Puerto Rico and Puerto de Mogán, a village referred to as "Little Venice" on account of its many canals.

Other attractions include Cocodrilos Park, Roque Nublo (an 80 m monolith), Cenobio de Valerón with more than 350 storage cavities, Painted cave of Galdar the most important archaeological park in Canary Islands, or the botanical gardens Jardín Canario (in Tafira Alta) and Cactualdea (in La Aldea de San Nicolás).

El Dedo de Dios, or "God's Finger", was a rocky spire jutting from the sea in Puerto de las Nieves, and was previously the signature attraction of the Canary Islands until it was destroyed by tropical storm Delta that crossed the archipelago on November 2005.[35]

Other well-known rock formations are El Cura (also known as El Fraile), The Frog (La Rana), Roque Bentayga, the Roque de Gando, and the Peñón Bermejo. The highest peak of the island is the Pico de las Nieves, at 1,950 metres (6,400 ft).

The capital city is Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. Las Canteras beach, a protected area and diving zone, lies in the heart of the city. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria is also known for its annual carnaval. It was the first stop of Christopher Columbus' expedition on his way back from the Americas,[36] a commemoration of which is the Hermitage of San Antonio Abad, where the navigator prayed, and the Casa de Colón. Other attractions in the capital city include the Museo Canario (the most important archaeology museum in the archipelago), the cathedral and the Plaza del Espíritu Santo. In Teror the shrine of Virgen del Pino ("Virgin of the Pine"), patron saint of Gran Canaria, can be found. Its feast is celebrated on September 8.

The town of Agüimes, on the eastern part of the island, has been carefully restored and its town centre, centered on its old church and a peaceful square, now evokes the quiet living of a traditional Canarian town. The district also has some of the best preserved cave dwellings, in the protected area of the Guayadeque ravine, where even the church has been built into the mountainside and visitors can find a number of popular cave restaurants. The district also includes the most renowned scuba diving area on the island: the marine reserve at the playa de El Cabrón just outside the town of Arinaga.

Other important towns are Telde, known among other things for their surf schools in Salinetas, Vecindario (within the municipality of Santa Lucía de Tirajana) and Gáldar, that contains an important diving zone. In Arucas there is a Neogothic temple, popularly known as "Arucas' Cathedral", as well as a large fertile plain where bananas are grown. In Gáldar and its surroundings there is also a banana-growing plain and some remarkable archaeological remains,[37] such as the Painted cave of Galdar or the cenobio de Valerón's communal silos, ancient tombs (among which the necropolis of Maipés), and the port of Sardina del Norte (one of the island's ports where, as in Las Palmas', Christopher Columbus used to get supplies for his ships).

Heading west along the southern coast is the fishing city of Arguineguín in the Municipality of Mogán.

Natural symbols

The official natural symbols associated with Gran Canaria are Canis lupus familiaris (Canary Mastiff) and Euphorbia canariensis (Cardón)[38]

Protected natural areas

Dunas de Maspalomas
The "Dunas de Maspalomas", in southern Gran Canaria

Nearly half of the island territory — 667 km² (42.7% of island) — is under protection from the Red Canaria de Espacios Naturales Protegidos (Canary Islands Network for Protected Natural Areas). Of the 146 protected sites under control of network in the Canary Islands archipelago,[39] a total of 33 are located in Gran Canaria, the second most protected island in the group. [40] There are seven different categories of protection:

  1. Six nature reserves — El Brezal, Azuaje, Los Tilos de Moya, Los Marteles, Las Dunas de Maspalomas and Güigüi (total 7,153.1 ha)
  2. Two integral nature reserves — Inagua and Barranco Oscuro (total 3,955,5 ha)
  3. Two natural parks — Tamadaba and Pilancones (total 13,333 ha)
  4. Two rural parks — Nublo and Doramas (total 29,893.4 ha)
  5. Ten natural monuments — Amagro, Bandama, Montañón Negro, Roque de Aguayro, Tauro, Arinaga, Barranco de Guayadeque, Riscos de Tirajana, Roque Nublo and Barranco del Draguillo (total 5,264.9 ha)
  6. Seven protected landscapes — La Isleta (in the capital Las Palmas de Gran Canaria), Pino Santo, Tafira, Las Cumbres, Lomo Magullo, Fataga and Montaña de Agüimes (total 12,680.9 ha)
  7. Four sites of scientific interest — Jinámar, Tufia, Roque de Gando and Juncalillo del Sur (total 276.2 ha).[33]

Science and technology

Erdfunkstelle Gran Canaria-3
Gran Canaria space tracking station

In the 1960s, Gran Canaria was selected as the location for one of the 14 ground stations in the Manned Space Flight Network (MSFN) to support the NASA space program. Maspalomas Station, located in the south of the island, took part in a number of space missions including the Apollo 11 Moon landings and Skylab. Today it continues to support satellite communications as part of the ESA network.[41]


Partido Basket Herbalife Gran Canaria - Unicaja ( 67- 65)
2014 game between Herbalife Gran Canaria and Unicaja.

The island is home to CB Gran Canaria – a basketball club playing in Liga ACB at the Gran Canaria Arena, with a capacity of 11,000. The island is also home to UD Las Palmas – a football club playing in Liga BBVA at the Estadio de Gran Canaria, with a capacity of 32,392.

See also


  • Andrews, Sarah; Quintero, Josephine (2007). Canary Islands. Lonely Planet. ISBN 1741045959.


  1. ^ Population referred to the January 1, 2018 Archived 1 January 2019 at [Error: unknown archive URL]
  2. ^ Wells, John C. (2008). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (3rd ed.). Longman. ISBN 978-1-4058-8118-0.
  3. ^ Roach, Peter (2011). Cambridge English Pronouncing Dictionary (18th ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-15253-2.
  4. ^ Situación y Clima. Ayuntamiento de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. Archived 2010-06-29 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ ISTAC: Estadísticas de la Comunidad Autónoma de Canarias (Statistics for the Canaries) on
  6. ^ Geography and toponymy data Archived 2016-10-06 at the Wayback Machine on].
  7. ^ "Boletín Oficial del Estado" (PDF). 29 December 2018.
  8. ^ a b c Araña, V and Carracedo, J.C: Canarian Volcanoes, Volume 3: Gran Canaria, pp. 8, 24. Editorial Rueda, Madrid, 1978.
  9. ^ Oscillations of up to 400 metres in the level corresponding to sea level have occurred in geological history. The highest point known is in the Bay of El Confital, Las Palmas (130m above current sea level) while subaerial materials have been extracted from a well at 230m below sea level in the area of La Aldea. Araña, V and Carracedo, J.C: Canarian Volcanoes, Volume 3: Gran Canaria, pp. 13. Editorial Rueda, Madrid, 1978.
  10. ^ a b c Reforestación de las cumbres de Gran Canaria
  11. ^ “Con lo que cuesta un Jumbo se puede reforestar toda Gran Canaria”
  12. ^ a b "Government of Gran Canaria". Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  13. ^ "Historia del Cabildo - Cabildo de Gran Canaria". (in Spanish). Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  14. ^ Census at 1 November 2001: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Madrid.
  15. ^ Census at 1 November 2011: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Madrid.
  16. ^ Estimate at 1 January 2018: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Madrid.
  17. ^ Population referred to the January 1, 2018 Archived 1 January 2019 at [Error: unknown archive URL]
  18. ^ "Intercambiadores y Paradas Preferentes | Autoridad Única del Transporte de Gran Canaria". (in Spanish). Autoridad Única del Transporte de Gran Canaria.
  19. ^ "Tarjeta TransGC". (in Spanish). Autoridad Única del Transporte de Gran Canaria. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  20. ^ "Gran Canaria - Global SU". Global SU. Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  21. ^ "Líneas y Horarios". Global SU (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  22. ^ "La Empresa: Global". Global SU (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  23. ^ "Guaguas Municipales | Quiénes somos". Guaguas Municipales (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 January 2019.
  24. ^ "Cadiz to Las Palmas ferry tickets, compare times and prices". Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  25. ^ "Agaete to Santa Cruz de Tenerife ferry tickets, compare times and prices". Retrieved 20 November 2018.
  26. ^ "Gran Canaria train details announced - Gran Canaria - Gran Canaria - ISLANDCONNECTIONS.EU". Island Connections. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  27. ^ "Estado y Cabildo pactan cerrar los proyectos del tren en 2018". (in Spanish). Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  28. ^ "Standard Climate Values. Gran Canaria Aeropuerto".
  29. ^ "Guía resumida del clima en España (1981–2010)". Archived from the original on 2012-11-18.
  30. ^ Cenobio de Valeron, section "El yacimiento arqueologico". On
  31. ^ Gran Canaria – Official Canary Islands Tourism
  32. ^ "Situation Of The Tourism Sector, Year Ending 2014". The Official Gran Canaria Tourist Website. Cabildo de Gran Canaria. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  33. ^ a b "Espacios Naturales Protegidos de Gran Canaria Font: Gobierno de Canarias". Archived from the original on 2007-03-23. Retrieved 2007-03-14.
  34. ^
  35. ^ BBC NEWS - Tropical Storm Delta batters Canaries.
  36. ^ Andrews & Quintero 2007, p. 29.
  37. ^ Interactive map of Heritage sites on Grand Canary island. On, site on Heritage assets by the council of Grand Canary.
  38. ^ Ley 7/1991, de 30 de abril, de símbolos de la naturaleza para las Islas Canarias
  39. ^ Red Canaria de Espacios Naturales Protegidos Archived 2016-11-21 at the Wayback Machine
  40. ^ "Relación de los Espacios Naturales protegidos de Gran Canaria". Archived from the original on 2007-03-23. Retrieved 2007-03-14.
  41. ^ "Maspalomas station". European Space Agency. Archived from the original on 8 February 2019. Retrieved 8 February 2019.

External links

Autopista GC-1

The GC-1 (also Autopista del Sur, "Southern Highway") is a superhighway (or motorway) on the island of Gran Canaria. It links the capital Las Palmas in the north with Puerto de Mogán in the south. It is the fastest route from the north of the island to the south and vice versa with a top speed limit of 120 km/h (75 mph). It is approximately 75 km (47 miles) in length, and runs along the eastern and the southern coasts of this circular island and is also the second longest superhighway in the Canary Islands. The road provides easy access from the airport to the major cities and resorts. The resorts include Maspalomas and Playa del Inglés. The increase in tourism over the years has seen the GC1 route slowly being upgraded and widened to cope with extra traffic.

GC-1 does not have motorway designation from Las Palmas to the airport, but has motorway designation from the airport to its southern end. Although the geographical name for the official name of the "Southern" highway is used, this is to differentiate it from the Autovía GC-2, and not because there are two motorways on the island.

Autovía GC-2

The GC-2 (or Autovía del Norte, "Northern Highway") is a superhighway in Gran Canaria (Canary Islands) which connects Las Palmas de Gran Canaria with the village of Agaete. The eastern portion, for about 20 km, is a superhighway with interchange numbers; the western part is like a freeway (because it has exit numbers) but the rest of the highway only has two lanes.

BM Remudas

Balonmano Remudas, a.k.a. Rocasa Gran Canaria ACE for sponsorship reasons, is a Spanish women's handball club from Telde in the island of Gran Canaria, Canary Islands.

Founded in 1978, ten years later it was promoted to the División de Honor, where it has played since. Its best result is the first place in 2019. Remudas won the EHF Challenge Cup in 2016 and 2019.

CB Gran Canaria

Club Baloncesto Gran Canaria – Claret, S.A.D., also known as Herbalife Gran Canaria by sponsorship reasons, is a professional basketball club based in Las Palmas, Spain. The team plays in the Liga ACB and the EuroLeague. Their home arena is the Gran Canaria Arena.

Canary Islands

The Canary Islands (; Spanish: Islas Canarias, pronounced [ˈizlas kaˈnaɾjas]) are a Spanish archipelago and the southernmost autonomous community of Spain located in the Atlantic Ocean, 100 kilometres (62 miles) west of Morocco at the closest point. The Canary Islands, which are also known informally as the Canaries, are among the outermost regions (OMR) of the European Union proper. It is also one of eight regions with special consideration of historical nationality as recognized by the Spanish Government. The Canary Islands belong to the African Plate like the Spanish cities of Ceuta and Melilla, the two on the African mainland.The seven main islands are (from largest to smallest in area) Tenerife, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, La Palma, La Gomera and El Hierro. The archipelago includes many smaller islands and islets: La Graciosa, Alegranza, Isla de Lobos, Montaña Clara, Roque del Oeste and Roque del Este. It also includes a series of adjacent roques (those of Salmor, Fasnia, Bonanza, Garachico and Anaga). In ancient times, the island chain was often referred to as "the Fortunate Isles". The Canary Islands are the most southerly region of Spain and the largest and most populated archipelago of the Macaronesia region. Historically, the Canary Islands have been considered a bridge between four continents: Africa, North America, South America and Europe.The archipelago's beaches, climate and important natural attractions, especially Maspalomas in Gran Canaria and Teide National Park and Mount Teide (a World Heritage Site) in Tenerife (the third tallest volcano in the world measured from its base on the ocean floor), make it a major tourist destination with over 12 million visitors per year, especially Tenerife, Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura and Lanzarote. The islands have a subtropical climate, with long hot summers and moderately warm winters. The precipitation levels and the level of maritime moderation vary depending on location and elevation. Green areas as well as desert exist on the archipelago. Due to their location above the temperature inversion layer, the high mountains of these islands are ideal for astronomical observation. For this reason, two professional observatories, Teide Observatory on the island of Tenerife and Roque de los Muchachos Observatory on the island of La Palma, have been built on the islands.

In 1927, the Province of Canary Islands was split into two provinces. The autonomous community of the Canary Islands was established in 1982. Its capital is shared by the cities of Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, which in turn are the capitals of the provinces of Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Las Palmas. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria has been the largest city in the Canaries since 1768, except for a brief period in the 1910s. Between the 1833 territorial division of Spain and 1927 Santa Cruz de Tenerife was the sole capital of the Canary Islands. In 1927 a decree ordered that the capital of the Canary Islands be shared, as it remains at present. The third largest city of the Canary Islands is San Cristóbal de La Laguna (a World Heritage Site) on Tenerife. This city is also home to the Consejo Consultivo de Canarias, which is the supreme consultative body of the Canary Islands.During the time of the Spanish Empire, the Canaries were the main stopover for Spanish galleons on their way to the Americas, which came south to catch the prevailing northeasterly trade winds.

Divisiones Regionales de Fútbol in Canary Islands

The Divisiones Regionales de Fútbol in the Canary Islands are ultimately overseen by the Federación Canaria de Fútbol which operates Group 12 of the Tercera División, the fourth tier of the Spanish football league system which is divided among each of the country's autonomous regions. However, unlike most of the regions, the leagues in the fifth tier and below are organised by two separate federations, corresponding to the provinces of Las Palmas and Tenerife. The other region with this arrangement is the Basque Country which has three provincial forks to its amateur setup.

Estadio Gran Canaria

Estadio Gran Canaria is a football stadium in Las Palmas, Canary Islands, Spain. It is currently used for football matches and is home to UD Las Palmas. It was opened in 2003 as a multi-purpose stadium to become the successor of the old Estadio Insular.

Gran Canaria (DO)

Gran Canaria is a Spanish Denominación de Origen (DO) that covers the entire island of Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain) comprising 21 municipalities. It obtained its official status in 2003.

Gran Canaria Airport

Gran Canaria Airport (IATA: LPA, ICAO: GCLP), sometimes also known as Gando Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto de Gran Canaria), is a passenger and freight airport on the island of Gran Canaria. It is an important airport within the Spanish air-transport network (owned and managed by a public enterprise, AENA), as it holds the sixth position in terms of passengers, and fifth in terms of operations and cargo transported. It is also ranks first of the Canary Islands in all three categories, although the island of Tenerife has higher passenger numbers overall between the two airports located on the island.The airport is located in the eastern part of Gran Canaria on the Bay of Gando (Bahía de Gando), 19 km (12 mi) to the south of Las Palmas, and 25 km (16 mi) from the popular tourist areas in the south. In 2014 it handled over 10.3 million passengers, ranking 1st in the Canary Islands and 5th in Spain by passenger traffic. Gran Canaria Airport is an important hub for passengers travelling to West Africa (Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania, Senegal, Cape Verde, among others), and to the Atlantic Isles of Madeira and the Azores. It serves as base for Binter Canarias, Canaryfly, Ryanair, Norwegian Air Shuttle and Vueling. Other airlines use it as a base to operate charter flights to Cape Verde and Gambia (TUI fly Deutschland and TUI fly Nordic), but only in the winter.

Gran Canaria Arena

Gran Canaria Arena, originally known as Palacio Multiusos de Gran Canaria, is an indoor sporting arena located in Las Palmas, Canary Islands, Spain. The arena, opened in 2014 by Mariano Rajoy, has a capacity of 9,870 spectators and is the home arena of CB Gran Canaria.

The first game in Gran Canaria Arena was the game of the 28th round of the 2013–14 ACB season between Herbalife Gran Canaria and FC Barcelona, played on 1 May 2014.

The arena hosted of the groups of the main round of the 2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup and the basketball's Copa del Rey in February 2015.

Gran Canaria FS

Gran Canaria Fútbol Sala is a futsal club based in Gáldar, they play home games in Las Palmas's provincial capital due to limited seating on Gáldar municipal arena.

The club was founded in 1986 and relocated to Las Palmas in June 2013.

Las Palmas

Las Palmas (UK: , US: ; Spanish: [las ˈpalmas]), officially Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, is a city and capital of Gran Canaria island, in the Canary Islands, on the Atlantic Ocean.

It is the capital (jointly with Santa Cruz de Tenerife), the most populous city in the autonomous community of the Canary Islands, and the ninth-largest city in Spain with a population of 383,308 in 2010. It is also the fifth-most populous urban area in Spain and (depending on sources) ninth- or tenth-most populous metropolitan area in Spain.Las Palmas is located in the northeastern part of the island of Gran Canaria, about 150 km (93 mi) off the Moroccan coast in the Atlantic Ocean. Las Palmas experiences a hot desert climate, offset by the local cooler Canary Current, with warm temperatures throughout the year. It has an average annual temperature of 21.2 °C (70.2 °F). According to a study carried out by Thomas Whitmore, director of research on climatology at Syracuse University in the U.S., Las Palmas enjoys "the best climate in the world".The city was founded in 1478, and considered the de facto (without legal recognition) capital of the Canary Islands until the seventeenth century. It is the home of the Canarian Ministry of Presidency (shared in a four-year term with Santa Cruz de Tenerife), as well as half of the ministries and boards of the Canarian government, and the High Court of Justice of the Canary Islands.


Mogán is a town and a Spanish municipality in the southwestern part of the island of Gran Canaria, which is one of the three main islands making up the Province of Las Palmas in the Canary Islands, Spain. Its population is 21,782 (2013), and the area is 172.44 km².

Pico de las Nieves

Pico de las Nieves is the highest peak of Gran Canaria Canary Islands, Spain. Its height is 1,949 metres (6,394 ft) above sea level. The origin is volcanic (stratovolcano). On its slopes, Canary Islands Pine was reintroduced in the 1950s.

Traditionally it has been established that the Pico de las Nieves is the maximum altitude of the island of Gran Canaria, but this is uncertain, since it is actually the Morro de la Agujereada with 1,956 meters, which is next to Pico de las Nieves. It is the highest elevation of the province of Las Palmas and the third highest mountain in the Canary Islands. Of the other Canary Islands, only Tenerife and La Palma have higher peaks.

Province of Las Palmas

The Province of Las Palmas (, UK: ; Spanish: Provincia de Las Palmas) is a province of Spain, consisting of the eastern part of the autonomous community of the Canary Islands.

In 1927, the Province of Canary Islands was split into two provinces: Las Palmas and Santa Cruz de Tenerife. In 1982, both provinces became part of the newly founded autonomous community of the Canary Islands.

UD Vecindario

Unión Deportiva Vecindario was a Spanish football team based in Vecindario, Santa Lucía de Tirajana, Gran Canaria, in the autonomous community of Canary Islands. Founded in 1962, it held home games at Estadio Municipal de Vecindario, with a capacity of 4,500.

Universidad de Las Palmas CF

Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria Club de Fútbol was a Spanish football team based in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, in the Canary Islands. Founded in 1994 as Vegueta-Universidad, it was dissolved in 2011 due to insurmountable economic problems.

It acted as the club of University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria.

University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria

The University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, also known as the ULPGC (Spanish Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria) is a Spanish university located in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, the capital city of Gran Canaria island. It consists of five campuses: four in Gran Canaria (Tafira, Obelisco, San Cristóbal and Montaña Cardones) and one in the island of Lanzarote, with Tafira being the largest. The University was created in 1989 after many years of petitions from the people of Gran Canaria. The university was incorporated through the University Reorganization Act of 1989. ULPGC was created as the aggregation of the teaching centers of former "Universidad Politécnica de Canarias", focused on engineering (industrial, civil, electronics and computer), and the centers from neighboring Universidad de La Laguna that were located in Las Palmas province.

Valsequillo de Gran Canaria

Valsequillo de Gran Canaria is a town and a municipality in the eastern part of the island of Gran Canaria in the Province of Las Palmas in the Canary Islands. Its population is 9,170 (2013), and the area is 39.15 km².Valsequillo is situated in the mountains, 5 km west of Telde and 16 km southwest of Las Palmas.

Climate data for Gran Canaria Airport (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 20.8
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.9
Average low °C (°F) 15.0
Average precipitation mm (inches) 25
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 3 3 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 2 4 5 21
Mean monthly sunshine hours 184 191 229 228 272 284 308 300 241 220 185 179 2,821
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología ,[28] Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[29]
Gran Canaria
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Islands and provinces of the Canary Islands
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